Search results for 'Rani Nelken' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Nelken Rani & Francez Nissim (1997). Splitting the Reference Time: The Analogy Between Nominal and Temporal Anaphora Revisited1. Journal of Semantics 14 (4).score: 300.0
     
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  2. Rani Nelken & Chung-Chieh Shan (2006). A Modal Interpretation of the Logic of Interrogation. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 15 (3):251-271.score: 240.0
    We propose a novel interpretation of natural-language questions using a modal predicate logic of knowledge. Our approach brings standard model-theoretic and proof-theoretic techniques from modal logic to bear on questions. Using the former, we show that our interpretation preserves Groenendijk and Stokhof's answerhood relation, yet allows an extensional interpretation. Using the latter, we get a sound and complete proof procedure for the logic for free. Our approach is more expressive; for example, it easily treats complex questions with operators that scope (...)
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  3. David Nelken, Human Trafficking and Legal Culture.score: 30.0
    Can we do justice in an unjust world? The obvious reply is that it is only because of injustice that we need to seek justice. But what about the way existing structures of injustice can also condition the results of our interventions? The attempt here to say something useful about this difficult question will focus on the progress achieved so far by the Palermo Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons. Is the use of such human rights instruments (...)
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  4. R. Nelken & N. Francez (2002). Bilattices and the Semantics of Natural Language Questions. Linguistics and Philosophy 25 (1):37-64.score: 30.0
    In this paper we reexamine the question of whether questions areinherently intensional entities. We do so by proposing a novelextensional theory of questions, based on a re-interpretation of thedomain of t as a bilattice rather than the usual booleaninterpretation. We discuss the adequacy of our theory with respect tothe adequacy criteria imposed on the semantics of questionsby (Groenendijk and Stokhof 1997). We show that the theory is able to account in astraightforward manner for some complex issues in the semantics ofquestions (...)
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  5. R. Nelken (1997). Splitting the Reference Time: The Analogy Between Nominal and Temporal Anaphora Revisited. Journal of Semantics 14 (4):369-416.score: 30.0
    The analysis in Partee (1984) of quantified sentences, introduced by a temporal connective, gives the wrong truth conditions when the connective is before or after. In this paper, we show how splitting the different roles of Reichenbach's reference time may be used in order to solve this problem. We further enhance the analogy between pronominal and temporal anaphora, by proposing an analog of plural NP-anaphora in the form of temporal anaphora involving multiple event antecedents and an analog of an E-type (...)
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  6. Israel Nelken (2011). Music and the Auditory Brain: Where is the Connection? Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 30.0
    Sound processing by the auditory system is understood in unprecedented details, even compared with sensory coding in the visual system. Nevertheless, we don't understand yet the way in which some of the simplest perceptual properties of sounds are coded in neuronal activity. This poses serious difficulties for linking neuronal responses in the auditory system and music processing, since music operates on abstract representations of sounds. Paradoxically, although perceptual representations of sounds most probably occur high in auditory system or even beyond (...)
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  7. István Winkler, Susan L. Denham & Israel Nelken (2009). Modeling the Auditory Scene: Predictive Regularity Representations and Perceptual Objects. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (12):532-540.score: 30.0
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  8. David Nelken (1991). Philosophical Analysis and the Limits of Law: An Italian Approach. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 4 (1):77-87.score: 30.0
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  9. D. Nelken (2010). Repensando en concepto de cultura jurídica. In Caballero Juárez & José Antonio (eds.), Sociología Del Derecho: Culturas y Sistemas Jurídicos Comparados. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. 2--137.score: 30.0
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  10. I. Nelken & N. Ta’Aseh (forthcoming). The Coding of Surprise in Auditory Cortex of Rats. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. Conference Abstract: Mmn 09 Fifth Conference on Mismatch Negativity (Mmn) and its Clinical Applications.score: 30.0
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  11. A. Usha Rani (2002). Fusion of Material, Social and Spiritual Values. In P. George Victor (ed.), Social Relevance of Philosophy: Essays on Applied Philosophy. D.K. Printworld. 3--173.score: 30.0
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  12. Vijaya Rani (2006). Pramāṇa Evaṃ Prāmāṇya-Vimarśa: Keśavamiśrakr̥ta Tarkabhāṣā Ke Viṣesha Āloka Meṃ. Parimala Pablikeśansa.score: 30.0
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  13. Vijaya Rani (1982). The Buddhist Philosophy as Presented in Mīmāṁsā-Śloka-Vārttika. Parimal Publications.score: 30.0
     
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  14. Vijaya Rani (ed.) (2006). Vijñāna-Sārathiḥ =. Parimal Publications.score: 30.0
     
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  15. Luke Glynn (2012). Getting Causes From Powers, by Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum. Mind 121 (484):1099-1106.score: 15.0
    In this book, Mumford and Anjum advance a theory of causation based on a metaphysics of powers. The book is for the most part lucidly written, and contains some interesting contributions: in particular on the (lack of) necessary connection between cause and effect and on the perceivability of the causal relation. I do, however, have reservations about some of the book’s central theses: in particular, that cause and effect are simultaneous, and that causes can fruitfully be represented as vectors.
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  16. Anjan Chakravartty (2013). Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum Getting Causes From Powers. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 64 (4):axt007.score: 15.0
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  17. J. McKitrick (2013). Getting Causes From Powers By Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum. Analysis 73 (2):402-404.score: 15.0
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  18. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak (forthcoming). The Rani of Sirmur: An Essay in Reading the Archives. History and Theory 24 (3).score: 15.0
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  19. José Sebastián Briceño (2012). Mumford, Stephen and Rani Lill Anjum. Getting Causes From Powers. Review of Metaphysics 65 (4):887-888.score: 15.0
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  20. Benjamin Th Smart & Michael J. Talibard (2012). Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum, Getting Causes From Powers. Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 32 (5):407-409.score: 15.0
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  21. Julia Weckend (2014). Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum, Getting Causes From Powers (Oxford: Oxford University Press, September 2011), Xvi + 272pp., £36. [REVIEW] Ratio 27 (1):115-121.score: 15.0
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  22. Joseph Lehmann (2011). Jan Schnupp, Israel Nelken, and Andrew King, Auditory Neuroscience: Making Sense of Sound.. Pragmatics and Cognition 19 (1):150-153.score: 15.0
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  23. Ānanda Āchārya (1971). Karlima Rani. Hoshiarpur,Vishveshvaranand Institute.score: 15.0
     
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  24. Luca Patrizi (2009). Trasmissione iniziatica E regole dell'invocazione (dhikr) secondo'abd al-wahhâb al-sha'rânî. Divus Thomas 112 (3):17-43.score: 15.0
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  25. Stephen Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum (2011). Getting Causes From Powers. OUP Oxford.score: 6.0
    Causation is everywhere in the world: it features in every science and technology. But how much do we truly understand it? Do we know what it means to say that one thing is a cause of another and do we understand what in the world drives causation? Getting Causes from Powers develops a new and original theory of causation based on an ontology of real powers or dispositions. Others have already suggested that this ought to be possible, but no one (...)
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  26. Michal Lipták (2011). Raný Merleau-ponty V diskusii S naturalizmom a psychológiou. Filozofia 66 (9).score: 5.0
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  27. Rani Lill Anjum & Kjersti Fjørtoft (1999). David Hume. In Linda Rustad & Hilde Bondevik (eds.), Kjønnsperspektiver i filosofihistorien. Pax Forlag.score: 3.0
  28. Stephen Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum (2010). A Powerful Theory of Causation. In Anna Marmodoro (ed.), The Metaphysics of Powers: Their Grounding and Their Manifestations. Routledge. 143--159.score: 3.0
    Hume thought that if you believed in powers, you believed in necessary connections in nature. He was then able to argue that there were none such because anything could follow anything else. But Hume wrong-footed his opponents. A power does not necessitate its manifestations: rather, it disposes towards them in a way that is less than necessary but more than purely contingent. -/- In this paper a dispositional theory of causation is offered. Causes dispose towards their effects and often produce (...)
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  29. Stephen Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum, Freedom and Control - On the Modality of Free Will.score: 3.0
  30. Stephen Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum (2011). Dispositional Modality. In C. F. Gethmann (ed.), Lebenswelt und Wissenschaft, Deutsches Jahrbuch Philosophie 2. Meiner Verlag.score: 3.0
    There has been much discussion of powers or real dispositions in the past decade, but there remains an issue that has been inadequately treated. This concerns the precise modal value that comes with dispositionality. We contend in this paper that dispositionality involves a non-alethic, sui generis, irreducible modality. Dispositions only tend towards their manifestations; they do not necessitate them. Tendency is, of course, a dispositional term itself, so this last statement offers little by way of illumination. But given our thesis (...)
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  31. Stephen Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum (2009). Double Prevention and Powers. Journal of Critical Realism 8 (3):277-293.score: 3.0
    Does A cause B simply if A prevents what would have prevented B? Such a case is known as double prevention: where we have the prevention of a prevention. One theory of causation is that A causes B when B counterfactually depends on A and, as there is such a dependence, proponents of the view must rule that double prevention is causation.<br><br>However, if double prevention is causation, it means that causation can be an extrinsic matter, that the cause and effect (...)
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  32. Stephen Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum (2011). Spoils to the Vector - How to Model Causes If You Are a Realist About Powers. The Monist 94 (1):54-80.score: 3.0
    A standard way of representing causation is with neuron diagrams. This has become popular since the influential work of David Lewis. But it should not be assumed that such representations are metaphysically neutral and amenable to any theory of causation. On the contrary, this way of representing causation already makes several Humean assumptions about what causation is, and which suit Lewis’s programme of Humean Supervenience. An alternative of a vector diagram is better suited for a powers ontology. Causation should be (...)
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  33. Rani Lill Anjum, Johan Arnt Myrstad & Stephen Mumford, Conditional Probability From an Ontological Point of View.score: 3.0
    This paper argues that the technical notion of conditional probability, as given by the ratio analysis, is unsuitable for dealing with our pretheoretical and intuitive understanding of both conditionality and probability. This is an ontological account of conditionals that include an irreducible dispositional connection between the antecedent and consequent conditions and where the conditional has to be treated as an indivisible whole rather than compositional. The relevant type of conditionality is found in some well-defined group of conditional statements. As an (...)
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  34. Rani Lill Anjum & Stephen Mumford (2011). What We Tend to Mean. Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 1 (46):20-33.score: 3.0
    In this paper a dispositional account of meaning is offered. Words might dispose towards a particular or ‘literal’ meaning, but whether this meaning is actually conveyed when expressed will depend on a number of factors, such as speaker’s intentions, the context of the utterance and the background knowledge of the hearer. It is thus argued that no meaning is guaranteed or necessitated by the words used.
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  35. Rani Lill Anjum (2008). Three Dogmas of 'If'. In A. Leirfall & T. Sandmel (eds.), Enhet i Mangfold. Unipub.score: 3.0
    In this paper I argue that a truth functional account of conditional statements ‘if A then B’ not only is inadequate, but that it eliminates the very conditionality expressed by ‘if’. Focusing only on the truth-values of the statements ‘A’ and ‘B’ and different combinations of these, one is bound to miss out on the conditional relation expressed between them. But this is not a flaw only of truth functionality and the material conditional. All approaches that try to treat conditionals (...)
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  36. Rani Lill Anjum, Logic - a Map of Language?score: 3.0
    This is the trial lecture for Anjum's doctoral defence in 2005 at University of Tromsø.
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  37. Rani Lill Anjum (2007). The Logic of `If' — or How to Philosophically Eliminate Conditional Relations. Sorites - A Digital Journal of Analytic Philosophy 19:51-57.score: 3.0
    In this paper I present some of Robert N. McLaughlin's critique of a truth functional approach to conditionals as it appears in his book On the Logic of Ordinary Conditionals. Based on his criticism I argue that the basic principles of logic together amount to epistemological and metaphysical implications that can only be accepted from a logical atomist perspective. Attempts to account for conditional relations within this philosophical framework will necessarily fail. I thus argue that it is not truth functionality (...)
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  38. Sissel Redse Jørgensen & Rani Lill Anjum (eds.) (2006). Tegn Som Språk. Gyldendal Akademisk.score: 3.0
    This book is an interdisciplinary anthology dealing with sign language. It is meant to give some insight into basic philosophical and cultural issues related to sign language, and thus to provide a theoretical foundation for understanding the importance of sign language as language. The 14 authors come from various professional academic disciplines (philosophy, education, linguistics, social anthropology, political science and theology being some of them) and from a variety of professions within the Deaf community (interpreting, translation, pastorate, sign language research, (...)
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  39. Rani Lill Anjum & Johan Arnt Myrstad, All Men Are Animals: Hypothetical, Categorical, or Material?score: 3.0
    The conditional interpretation of general categorical statements like ‘All men are animals’ as universally quantified material conditionals ‘For all x, if x is F, then x is G’ suggests that the logical structure of law statements is conditional rather than categorical. Disregarding the problem that the universally quantified material conditional is trivially true whenever there are no xs that are F, there are some reasons to be sceptical of Frege’s equivalence between categorical and conditional expressions. -/- Now many philosophers will (...)
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  40. Rani Lill Anjum & Stephen Mumford, With Great Power Comes Great Responsibility - On Causation and Responsibility in Spider-Man, and Possibly Moore. Critical Essays on Causation and Responsibility.score: 3.0
    Omissions are sometimes linked to responsibility. A harm can counterfactually depend on an omission to prevent it. If someone had the ability to prevent a harm but didn’t, this could suffice to ground their responsibility for the harm. We present an argument for this based on the WGPCGR-thesis: With Great Power Comes Great Responsibility. -/- We argue, with reference to Moore’s account in Causation and Responsibility (Moore 2009), that moral and legal responsibility is based on the power we have as (...)
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  41. Rani Lill Anjum, Paul Grice on Indicative Conditionals.score: 3.0
    Grice argues that indicative conditionals ‘if p then q’ have conventional, truth conditional meaning according to the material conditional ‘p  q’. In order to explain away the known paradoxes with this interpretation, he distinguishes between truth conditions and assertion conditions, attempting to demonstrate that the assumed connection between ‘p’ and ‘q’ (the Indirectness Condition) is a conversational implicature; hence a matter only relevant for the assertion conditions of a conditional. This paper argues that Grice fails to demonstrate i) that (...)
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  42. Rani Lill Anjum, Conditionals and Truth Functionality.score: 3.0
    The material interpretation of conditionals is commonly recognized as involving some paradoxical results. I here argue that the truth functional approach to natural language is the reason for the inadequacy of this material interpretation, since the truth or falsity of some pair of statements ‘p’ and ‘q’ cannot per se be decisive for the truth or falsity of a conditional relation ‘if p then q’. This inadequacy also affects the ability of the overall formal system to establish whether or not (...)
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  43. Rani Lill Anjum, Svein Anders Noer Lie & Stephen Mumford, Dispositions and Ethics.score: 3.0
    What is the connection between dispositions and ethics? Some might think very little and those who are interested in dispositions tend to be metaphysicians whose interests are far from value. However, we argue in this paper that dispositions and dispositionality are central to ethics, indeed a precondition. Ethics rests on a number of notions that are either dispositional in nature or involve real dispositions or powers at work. We argue for a dispositional account of value that offers an alternative to (...)
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  44. Rani Lill Anjum (2006). En Språklig Verden. Noen Tanker Om Språk Og Erkjennelse. In Sissel Redse Jørgensen & Rani Lill Anjum (eds.), Tegn som Språk.score: 3.0
    Språket vårt utgjør en stor del av vår identitet. Det er et redskap for kommunikasjon med andre mennesker, men også med oss selv. Vi uttrykker oss gjennom språket, og vi tenker ved hjelp av språket. Men hva er egentlig språk? Gjennom å ta for meg to vesensforskjellige tilnærminger til dette spørsmålet ønsker jeg å vise at det synet vi har på språk, har stor filosofiske betydning. Dette er fordi et språksyn nødvendigvis vil få konsekvenser for hvordan vi tenker om beslektede (...)
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  45. E. J. Lowe (2012). Mumford and Anjum on Causal Necessitarianism and Antecedent Strengthening. Analysis 72 (4):731-735.score: 3.0
    Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum have recently attacked causal necessitarianism – the doctrine that causes necessitate their effects – on the grounds that causation does not survive what they describe as the test of antecedent strengthening. This article shows that there are credible conditional logics which do not sanction this test, thereby providing an escape route for proponents of causal necessitarianism from Mumford and Anjum's argument.
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  46. Jennifer McKitrick, Anna Marmodoro, Stephen Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum (2013). Causes as Powers. Metascience 22 (3):545-559.score: 3.0
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  47. Stephen Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum (2014). Powers, Non‐Consent and Freedom. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 89 (2).score: 3.0
    There are a number of dispositionalist solutions to the free will problem based on freedom consisting in the agent's exercise of a power. But if a subject a is free when they exercise their power P, there is an objection to be overcome from the possibility of power implantation. A brainwasher, rather than directly manipulating a subject's movements, can instead implant in them a desire, to be understood as a disposition to act, and allow the subject to exercise such a (...)
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  48. Benjamin Smart (2014). On the Classification of Diseases. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (4):251-269.score: 3.0
    Identifying the necessary and sufficient conditions for individuating and classifying diseases is a matter of great importance in the fields of law, ethics, epidemiology, and of course, medicine. In this paper, I first propose a means of achieving this goal, ensuring that no two distinct disease-types could correctly be ascribed to the same disease-token. I then posit a metaphysical ontology of diseases—that is, I give an account of what a disease is. This is essential to providing the most effective means (...)
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