Search results for 'Rani Nelken' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Nelken Rani & Francez Nissim (1997). Splitting the Reference Time: The Analogy Between Nominal and Temporal Anaphora Revisited1. Journal of Semantics 14 (4).
     
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  2.  82
    Rani Nelken & Chung-Chieh Shan (2006). A Modal Interpretation of the Logic of Interrogation. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 15 (3):251-271.
    We propose a novel interpretation of natural-language questions using a modal predicate logic of knowledge. Our approach brings standard model-theoretic and proof-theoretic techniques from modal logic to bear on questions. Using the former, we show that our interpretation preserves Groenendijk and Stokhof's answerhood relation, yet allows an extensional interpretation. Using the latter, we get a sound and complete proof procedure for the logic for free. Our approach is more expressive; for example, it easily treats complex questions with operators that scope (...)
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  3.  18
    István Winkler, Susan L. Denham & Israel Nelken (2009). Modeling the Auditory Scene: Predictive Regularity Representations and Perceptual Objects. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (12):532-540.
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  4.  22
    R. Nelken & N. Francez (2002). Bilattices and the Semantics of Natural Language Questions. Linguistics and Philosophy 25 (1):37-64.
    In this paper we reexamine the question of whether questions areinherently intensional entities. We do so by proposing a novelextensional theory of questions, based on a re-interpretation of thedomain of t as a bilattice rather than the usual booleaninterpretation. We discuss the adequacy of our theory with respect tothe adequacy criteria imposed on the semantics of questionsby (Groenendijk and Stokhof 1997). We show that the theory is able to account in astraightforward manner for some complex issues in the (...) ofquestions including coordinated questions, combined indicative andinterrogative sentences, questions with quantifiers, and theimpossibility of negating questions. (shrink)
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  5.  23
    R. Nelken (1997). Splitting the Reference Time: The Analogy Between Nominal and Temporal Anaphora Revisited. Journal of Semantics 14 (4):369-416.
    The analysis in Partee (1984) of quantified sentences, introduced by a temporal connective, gives the wrong truth conditions when the connective is before or after. In this paper, we show how splitting the different roles of Reichenbach's reference time may be used in order to solve this problem. We further enhance the analogy between pronominal and temporal anaphora, by proposing an analog of plural NP-anaphora in the form of temporal anaphora involving multiple event antecedents and an analog of an E-type (...)
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  6.  40
    David Nelken, Human Trafficking and Legal Culture.
    Can we do justice in an unjust world? The obvious reply is that it is only because of injustice that we need to seek justice. But what about the way existing structures of injustice can also condition the results of our interventions? The attempt here to say something useful about this difficult question will focus on the progress achieved so far by the Palermo Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons. Is the use of such human rights instruments (...)
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  7.  2
    David Nelken (1991). Philosophical Analysis and the Limits of Law: An Italian Approach. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 4 (1):77-87.
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  8. Jeevan Jyoti & Roomi Rani (2014). Exploring Talent Management Practices: Antecedents and Consequences. International Journal of Management Concepts and Philosophy 8 (4):220.
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  9. D. Nelken (2010). Repensando en concepto de cultura jurídica. In Caballero Juárez & José Antonio (eds.), Sociología Del Derecho: Culturas y Sistemas Jurídicos Comparados. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México 2--137.
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  10. I. Nelken & N. Ta’Aseh (forthcoming). The Coding of Surprise in Auditory Cortex of Rats. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. Conference Abstract: Mmn 09 Fifth Conference on Mismatch Negativity (Mmn) and its Clinical Applications.
     
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  11. A. Usha Rani (2002). Fusion of Material, Social and Spiritual Values. In P. George Victor (ed.), Social Relevance of Philosophy: Essays on Applied Philosophy. D.K. Printworld 3--173.
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  12. Vijaya Rani (2006). Pramāṇa Evaṃ Prāmāṇya-Vimarśa: Keśavamiśrakr̥ta Tarkabhāṣā Ke Viṣesha Āloka Meṃ. Parimala Pablikeśansa.
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  13. Vijaya Rani (1982). The Buddhist Philosophy as Presented in Mīmāṁsā-Śloka-Vārttika. Parimal Publications.
     
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  14. Vijaya Rani (ed.) (2006). Vijñāna-Sārathiḥ =. Parimal Publications.
     
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  15.  50
    Gayatri Spivak (1985). The Rani of Sirmur: An Essay in Reading the Archives. History and Theory 24 (3):247-272.
    A "reading" of archival material on the Rani of Sirmur shows the soldiers and administrators of the East India Company constructing the object of representations that becomes the reality of India. The Rani emerges only when she is needed in the space of imperial production. Caught between the patriarchy of her husband, the Raja of Sirmur, and the imperialism of the British who deposed him, she is in an almost allegorical position. Both patriarchal subj ect- formation and imperialist (...)
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  16. Luke Glynn (2012). Getting Causes From Powers, by Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum. [REVIEW] Mind 121 (484):1099-1106.
    In this book, Mumford and Anjum advance a theory of causation based on a metaphysics of powers. The book is for the most part lucidly written, and contains some interesting contributions: in particular on the necessary connection between cause and effect and on the perceivability of the causal relation. I do, however, have reservations about some of the book’s central theses: in particular, that cause and effect are simultaneous, and that causes can fruitfully be represented as vectors.
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  17. Anjan Chakravartty (2013). Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum Getting Causes From Powers. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 64 (4):axt007.
  18. J. McKitrick (2013). Getting Causes From Powers By Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum. Analysis 73 (2):402-404.
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  19.  10
    Troy Cross (2014). Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum, Getting Causes From Powers, Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2011, 272 Pp., GBP 36 , ISBN 978-0-19-969561-4. [REVIEW] Dialectica 68 (4):614-619.
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  20.  9
    José Sebastián Briceño (2012). Mumford, Stephen and Rani Lill Anjum. Getting Causes From Powers. Review of Metaphysics 65 (4):887-888.
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  21.  8
    José Sebastián Briceño (2012). Mumford, Stephen and Rani Lill Anjum. Getting Causes From Powers. Review of Metaphysics 65 (4):887-888.
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  22.  21
    José Sebastián Briceño (2012). Mumford, Stephen and Rani Lill Anjum. Getting Causes From Powers. Review of Metaphysics 65 (4):887-888.
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  23.  11
    Benjamin Th Smart & Michael J. Talibard (2012). Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum, Getting Causes From Powers. Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 32 (5):407-409.
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  24.  10
    Julia Weckend (2014). Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum, Getting Causes From Powers (Oxford: Oxford University Press, September 2011), Xvi + 272pp., £36. [REVIEW] Ratio 27 (1):115-121.
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  25.  1
    Joseph Lehmann (2011). Jan Schnupp, Israel Nelken, and Andrew King,Auditory Neuroscience: Making Sense of Sound. Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 19 (1):150-153.
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  26. Ānanda Āchārya (1971). Karlima Rani. Hoshiarpur,Vishveshvaranand Institute.
     
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  27. Luca Patrizi (2009). Trasmissione iniziatica E regole dell'invocazione (dhikr) secondo'abd al-wahhâb al-sha'rânî. Divus Thomas 112 (3):17-43.
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  28.  54
    Stephen Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum (2011). Getting Causes From Powers. OUP Oxford.
    Causation is everywhere in the world: it features in every science and technology. But how much do we understand it? Mumford and Anjum develop a new theory of causation based on an ontology of real powers or dispositions. They provide the first detailed outline of a thoroughly dispositional approach, and explore its surprising features.
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  29. Stephen Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum, Freedom and Control - On the Modality of Free Will.
  30. Rani Lill Anjum & Kjersti Fjørtoft (1999). David Hume. In Linda Rustad & Hilde Bondevik (eds.), Kjønnsperspektiver i filosofihistorien. Pax Forlag
  31. Stephen Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum (2010). A Powerful Theory of Causation. In Anna Marmodoro (ed.), The Metaphysics of Powers: Their Grounding and Their Manifestations. Routledge 143--159.
    Hume thought that if you believed in powers, you believed in necessary connections in nature. He was then able to argue that there were none such because anything could follow anything else. But Hume wrong-footed his opponents. A power does not necessitate its manifestations: rather, it disposes towards them in a way that is less than necessary but more than purely contingent. -/- In this paper a dispositional theory of causation is offered. Causes dispose towards their effects and often (...)
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  32.  27
    Roger Kerry, Thor Eirik Eriksen, Svein Anders Noer Lie, Stephen Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum (2012). Causation and Evidence-Based Practive - an Ontological Review. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1006-1012.
    We claim that if a complete philosophy of evidence-based practice is intended, then attention to the nature of causation in health science is necessary. We identify how health science currently conceptualises causation by the way it prioritises some research methods over others. We then show how the current understanding of what causation is serves to constrain scientific progress. An alternative account of causation is offered. This is one of dispositionalism. We claim that by understanding causation (...)
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  33. Stephen Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum (2011). Dispositional Modality. In C. F. Gethmann (ed.), Lebenswelt und Wissenschaft, Deutsches Jahrbuch Philosophie 2. Meiner Verlag
    There has been much discussion of powers or real dispositions in the past decade, but there remains an issue that has been inadequately treated. This concerns the precise modal value that comes with dispositionality. We contend in this paper that dispositionality involves a non-alethic, sui generis, irreducible modality. Dispositions only tend towards their manifestations; they do not necessitate them. Tendency is, of course, a dispositional term itself, so this last statement offers little by way of illumination. But given our thesis (...)
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  34.  6
    Roger Kerry, Thor E. Eriksen, Svein A. Noer Lie, Stephen Mumford & Rani L. Anjum (2014). Causation in Evidence-Based Medicine: In Reply to Strand and Parkkinen. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):985-987.
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  35.  51
    Stephen Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum (2013). A New Argument Against Compatibilism. Analysis (1):ant095.
    If one’s solution to the free will problem is in terms of real causal powers of agents then one ought to be an incompatibilist. Some premises are contentious but the following new argument for incompatibilism is advanced: 1. If causal determinism is true, all events are necessitated2. If all events are necessitated, then there are no powers3. Free will consists in the exercise of an agent’s powersTherefore, if causal determinism is true, there is no free will; which is to say (...)
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  36. Rani Lill Anjum, Johan Arnt Myrstad & Stephen Mumford, Conditional Probability From an Ontological Point of View.
    This paper argues that the technical notion of conditional probability, as given by the ratio analysis, is unsuitable for dealing with our pretheoretical and intuitive understanding of both conditionality and probability. This is an ontological account of conditionals that include an irreducible dispositional connection between the antecedent and consequent conditions and where the conditional has to be treated as an indivisible whole rather than compositional. The relevant type of conditionality is found in some well-defined group of conditional statements. As an (...)
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  37. Stephen Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum (2009). Double Prevention and Powers. Journal of Critical Realism 8 (3):277-293.
    Does A cause B simply if A prevents what would have prevented B? Such a case is known as double prevention: where we have the prevention of a prevention. One theory of causation is that A causes B when B counterfactually depends on A and, as there is such a dependence, proponents of the view must rule that double prevention is causation.<br><br>However, if double prevention is causation, it means that causation can be an extrinsic matter, that the cause and effect (...)
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  38. Rani Lill Anjum (2012). What's Wrong with Logic? Argumentos 4 (8).
    The truth functional account of conditional statements ‘if A then B’ is not only inadequate; it eliminates the very conditionality expressed by ‘if’. Focusing only on the truth-values of the statements ‘A’ and ‘B’ and different combinations of these, one is bound to miss out on the conditional relation expressed between them. All approaches that treat conditionals as functions of their antecedents and consequents will end up in some sort of logical atomism where causal matters simply are reduced to the (...)
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  39.  14
    Stephen Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum (2014). The Tendential Theory of Sporting Prowess. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 41 (3):399-412.
    The results of sport would not interest us if either they were necessitated or they were a matter of pure chance. And if either case were true, the playing of sport would seem to make no sense either. This poses a dilemma. But there is something between these two options, namely the dispositional modality. Sporting prowess can be understood as a disposition towards victory and sporting liabilities a disposition towards defeat. The sporting contest then pits these net prowesses against each (...)
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  40. Stephen Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum (2011). Spoils to the Vector - How to Model Causes If You Are a Realist About Powers. The Monist 94 (1):54-80.
    A standard way of representing causation is with neuron diagrams. This has become popular since the influential work of David Lewis. But it should not be assumed that such representations are metaphysically neutral and amenable to any theory of causation. On the contrary, this way of representing causation already makes several Humean assumptions about what causation is, and which suit Lewis’s programme of Humean Supervenience. An alternative of a vector diagram is better suited for a powers ontology. Causation should be (...)
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  41. Rani Lill Anjum, Conditionals and Truth Functionality.
    The material interpretation of conditionals is commonly recognized as involving some paradoxical results. I here argue that the truth functional approach to natural language is the reason for the inadequacy of this material interpretation, since the truth or falsity of some pair of statements ‘p’ and ‘q’ cannot per se be decisive for the truth or falsity of a conditional relation ‘if p then q’. This inadequacy also affects the ability of the overall formal system to establish whether or not (...)
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  42.  35
    Thor Eriksen, Roger Kerry, Stephen Mumford, Svein Anders Lie & Rani Lill Anjum (2013). At the Borders of Medical Reasoning: Aetiological and Ontological Challenges of Medically Unexplained Symptoms. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 8 (1):11.
    Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) remain recalcitrant to the medical profession, proving less suitable for homogenic treatment with respect to their aetiology, taxonomy and diagnosis. While the majority of existing medical research methods are designed for large scale population data and sufficiently homogenous groups, MUS are characterised by their heterogenic and complex nature. As a result, MUS seem to resist medical scrutiny in a way that other conditions do not. This paper approaches the problem of MUS from a philosophical point of (...)
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  43. E. J. Lowe (2012). Mumford and Anjum on Causal Necessitarianism and Antecedent Strengthening. Analysis 72 (4):731-735.
    Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum have recently attacked causal necessitarianism – the doctrine that causes necessitate their effects – on the grounds that causation does not survive what they describe as the test of antecedent strengthening. This article shows that there are credible conditional logics which do not sanction this test, thereby providing an escape route for proponents of causal necessitarianism from Mumford and Anjum's argument.
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  44. Rani Lill Anjum, Paul Grice on Indicative Conditionals.
    Grice argues that indicative conditionals ‘if p then q’ have conventional, truth conditional meaning according to the material conditional ‘p  q’. In order to explain away the known paradoxes with this interpretation, he distinguishes between truth conditions and assertion conditions, attempting to demonstrate that the assumed connection between ‘p’ and ‘q’ (the Indirectness Condition) is a conversational implicature; hence a matter only relevant for the assertion conditions of a conditional. This paper argues that Grice fails to demonstrate (...)
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  45. Rani Lill Anjum & Stephen Mumford (2011). What We Tend to Mean. Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 1 (46):20-33.
    In this paper a dispositional account of meaning is offered. Words might dispose towards a particular or ‘literal’ meaning, but whether this meaning is actually conveyed when expressed will depend on a number of factors, such as speaker’s intentions, the context of the utterance and the background knowledge of the hearer. It is thus argued that no meaning is guaranteed or necessitated by the words used.
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  46. Rani Lill Anjum, Svein Anders Noer Lie & Stephen Mumford, Dispositions and Ethics.
    What is the connection between dispositions and ethics? Some might think very little and those who are interested in dispositions tend to be metaphysicians whose interests are far from value. However, we argue in this paper that dispositions and dispositionality are central to ethics, indeed a precondition. Ethics rests on a number of notions that are either dispositional in nature or involve real dispositions or powers at work. We argue for a dispositional account of value that offers an alternative to (...)
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  47.  98
    Stephen Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum (2015). Powers, Non‐Consent and Freedom. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 91 (1):136-152.
    There are a number of dispositionalist solutions to the free will problem based on freedom consisting in the agent's exercise of a power. But if a subject a is free when they exercise their power P, there is an objection to be overcome from the possibility of power implantation. A brainwasher, rather than directly manipulating a subject's movements, can instead implant in them a desire, to be understood as a disposition to act, and allow the subject to exercise such a (...)
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  48. Rani Lill Anjum & Stephen Mumford, With Great Power Comes Great Responsibility - On Causation and Responsibility in Spider-Man, and Possibly Moore. Critical Essays on "Causation and Responsibility".
  49. Rani Lill Anjum, Logic - a Map of Language?
    This is the trial lecture for Anjum's doctoral defence in 2005 at University of Tromsø.
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  50.  86
    Benjamin Smart (2014). On the Classification of Diseases. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (4):251-269.
    Identifying the necessary and sufficient conditions for individuating and classifying diseases is a matter of great importance in the fields of law, ethics, epidemiology, and of course, medicine. In this paper, I first propose a means of achieving this goal, ensuring that no two distinct disease-types could correctly be ascribed to the same disease-token. I then posit a metaphysical ontology of diseases—that is, I give an account of what a disease is. This is essential to providing the most effective means (...)
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