Results for 'Artur D'Avila Garcez'

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  1.  57
    Neural-Symbolic Cognitive Reasoning.Artur D'Avila Garcez, Luis Lamb & Dov Gabbay - 2009 - New York: Springer.
    Humans are often extraordinary at performing practical reasoning. There are cases where the human computer, slow as it is, is faster than any artificial intelligence system. Are we faster because of the way we perceive knowledge as opposed to the way we represent it? -/- The authors address this question by presenting neural network models that integrate the two most fundamental phenomena of cognition: our ability to learn from experience, and our ability to reason from what has been learned. This (...)
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  2.  18
    A Neural Cognitive Model of Argumentation with Application to Legal Inference and Decision Making.Artur S. D'Avila Garcez, Dov M. Gabbay & Luis C. Lamb - 2014 - Journal of Applied Logic 12 (2):109-127.
    Formal models of argumentation have been investigated in several areas, from multi-agent systems and artificial intelligence (AI) to decision making, philosophy and law. In artificial intelligence, logic-based models have been the standard for the representation of argumentative reasoning. More recently, the standard logic-based models have been shown equivalent to standard connectionist models. This has created a new line of research where (i) neural networks can be used as a parallel computational model for argumentation and (ii) neural networks can be used (...)
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  3.  3
    Journal of Applied Logic Special Volume on Neural-Symbolic Systems.Artur D'Avila Garcez, Dov M. Gabbay, Steffen Hölldobler & John G. Taylor - 2004 - Journal of Applied Logic 2 (3):241-243.
  4.  17
    Reasoning in Non-Probabilistic Uncertainty: Logic Programming and Neural-Symbolic Computing as Examples.Tarek R. Besold, Artur D’Avila Garcez, Keith Stenning, Leendert van der Torre & Michiel van Lambalgen - 2017 - Minds and Machines 27 (1):37-77.
    This article aims to achieve two goals: to show that probability is not the only way of dealing with uncertainty ; and to provide evidence that logic-based methods can well support reasoning with uncertainty. For the latter claim, two paradigmatic examples are presented: logic programming with Kleene semantics for modelling reasoning from information in a discourse, to an interpretation of the state of affairs of the intended model, and a neural-symbolic implementation of input/output logic for dealing with uncertainty in dynamic (...)
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  5. Abductive Reasoning in Neural-Symbolic Systems.Artur S. D’Avila Garcez, Dov M. Gabbay, Oliver Ray & John Woods - 2007 - Topoi 26 (1):37-49.
    Abduction is or subsumes a process of inference. It entertains possible hypotheses and it chooses hypotheses for further scrutiny. There is a large literature on various aspects of non-symbolic, subconscious abduction. There is also a very active research community working on the symbolic (logical) characterisation of abduction, which typically treats it as a form of hypothetico-deductive reasoning. In this paper we start to bridge the gap between the symbolic and sub-symbolic approaches to abduction. We are interested in benefiting from developments (...)
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  6.  51
    Logical Modes of Attack in Argumentation Networks.Dov M. Gabbay & Artur S. D’Avila Garcez - 2009 - Studia Logica 93 (2-3):199-230.
    This paper studies methodologically robust options for giving logical contents to nodes in abstract argumentation networks. It defines a variety of notions of attack in terms of the logical contents of the nodes in a network. General properties of logics are refined both in the object level and in the metalevel to suit the needs of the application. The network-based system improves upon some of the attempts in the literature to define attacks in terms of defeasible proofs, the so-called rule-based (...)
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  7. Neural-Symbolic Cognitive Reasoning.Artur S. D'Avila Garcez, Luís C. Lamb & Dov M. Gabbay - 2009 - Berlin and Heidelberg: Springer.
    This book explores why, regarding practical reasoning, humans are sometimes still faster than artificial intelligence systems. It is the first to offer a self-contained presentation of neural network models for many computer science logics.
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  8.  19
    A Neural-Symbolic Perspective on Analogy.Rafael V. Borges, Artur S. D'Avila Garcez & Luis C. Lamb - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):379-380.
    The target article criticises neural-symbolic systems as inadequate for analogical reasoning and proposes a model of analogy as transformation (i.e., learning). We accept the importance of learning, but we argue that, instead of conflicting, integrated reasoning and learning would model analogy much more adequately. In this new perspective, modern neural-symbolic systems become the natural candidates for modelling analogy.
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  9.  2
    Symbolic Knowledge Extraction From Trained Neural Networks: A Sound Approach.A. S. D'Avila Garcez, K. Broda & D. M. Gabbay - 2001 - Artificial Intelligence 125 (1-2):155-207.
  10. We Will Show Them! Essays in Honour of Dov Gabbay.Sergei Artemov, H. Barringer, A. S. D'Avila Garcez, L. C. Lamb & J. Woods (eds.) - 2005 - London, U.K.: College Publications.
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  11. Land Registration Concepts in Translation.Jan Gościński & Artur D. Kubacki - 2020 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 34 (5):1451-1482.
    Land registration systems are used throughout the world in order to store information on the ownership of land, rights attached to it, and burdens affecting it. A smoothly functioning land registration system guarantees the security of land transfer operations. However, there are significant differences in the way national land registration systems are run due to their historical development and divergent legislative approaches to land registration. Consequently, the need arises to compare different systems so as to find both common ground and (...)
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  12.  24
    A função da angústia na metapsicologia freudiana.Lara Cristina D' Avila Lourenço, Milena de Barros Viana & Danúbia Cristina de Paula - 2011 - Natureza Humana 13 (1):65-83.
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  13. Ecritures spirituelles de la conversion à la suite des Confessions d'Augustin: les exemples de Thérèse d'Avila et Pascal.D. De Courcelles - 1989 - Recherches de Science Religieuse 77 (4):509-529.
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  14.  27
    François de Saint‑Cheron, Sainte Thérèse D’Avila. [REVIEW]François Bonfils - 2002 - Clio 15:219-222.
    Thérèse d'Avila a marqué de sa doctrine et de son ardeur l'Église des trois derniers siècles, au point qu'elle est devenue le modèle par excellence de la religieuse cloîtrée tout à la fois contemplative et fondatrice, écrivaine de premier rang, épistolière infatigable et maîtresse spirituelle. Suivant de près le livre de Marcelle Auclair, qui fit date dans le domaine des études thérèsiennes (La Vie de sainte Thérèse d'Avila, la dame errante de Dieu, Le Club du meilleur livre, 19..
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  15.  13
    Spain and Islam Once More: Fundamentalism in Sainte Thérèse D’Avila.Carol Mastrangelo Bové - 2018 - Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy 26 (2):69-80.
    Julia Kristeva's Teresa, My Love: An Imagined Life of the Saint of Avila confronts us with the contemporary problem of violent forms of fundamentalism, especially Islamic, as it recreates the life of Saint Theresa. The novel's psychoanalytic perspective engages our emotions and sensations, and is also therapeutic for author and reader. But most of all, it engages our thinking and deals in depth with this compelling, timely issue.
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  16.  11
    Alexander A. Friedmann: The Man Who Made the Universe Expand by Eduard A. Tropp; Viktor Ya. Frenkel; Artur D. Chernin; Alexander Dron; Michael Burov. [REVIEW]E. Paul - 1994 - Isis 85:723-724.
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  17.  4
    Alexander A. Friedmann: The Man Who Made the Universe ExpandEduard A. Tropp Viktor Ya. Frenkel Artur D. Chernin Alexander Dron Michael Burov. [REVIEW]E. Robert Paul - 1994 - Isis 85 (4):723-724.
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  18.  13
    WILHÉLEM, François-Régis, Dieu dans l'action. La mystique apostolique selon Thérèse d'AvilaWILHÉLEM, François-Régis, Dieu dans l'action. La mystique apostolique selon Thérèse d'Avila[REVIEW]Jean-Guy Pagé - 1997 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 53 (2):465-466.
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  19.  4
    Logic and Cognition.H. Cowles, Matthew Walenski, Robert Kluender, Markus Knauff, Artur S. Davila Garcez, Dov M. Gabbay, Oliver Ray, John Woods, Robin Clark & Murray Grossman - 2007 - Topoi 26 (1):51-62.
    We consider connections between number sense—the ability to judge number—and the interpretation of natural language quantifiers. In particular, we present empirical evidence concerning the neuroanatomical underpinnings of number sense and quantifier interpretation. We show, further, that impairment of number sense in patients can result in the impairment of the ability to interpret sentences containing quantifiers. This result demonstrates that number sense supports some aspects of the language faculty.
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  20.  7
    La Vie de Sainte Thérèse d'Avila.G. M. Tracy & Spire Pitou - 1953 - Renascence 5 (2):159-160.
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  21.  71
    Abductive Reasoning in Neural-Symbolic Learning Systems.A. Garcez, D. M. Gabbay, O. Ray & J. Woods - unknown
    Abduction is or subsumes a process of inference. It entertains possible hypotheses and it chooses hypotheses for further scrutiny. There is a large literature on various aspects of non-symbolic, subconscious abduction. There is also a very active research community working on the symbolic characterisation of abduction, which typically treats it as a form of hypothetico-deductive reasoning. In this paper we start to bridge the gap between the symbolic and sub-symbolic approaches to abduction. We are interested in benefiting from developments made (...)
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  22.  17
    Artur Steinwenter: Die Streitbeendigung durch Urteîl, Schiedsspruch und Vergleich nach griechischem Rechte. (Münchener Beiträge zur Papyrusforschung und antiken Rechtsgeschichte, 8.) Zweite, durchgesehene Auflage. Pp. xi+211. Munich: Beck, 1971. Paper, DM. 38. [REVIEW]D. M. Macdowell - 1973 - The Classical Review 23 (02):282-.
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  23.  13
    Artur Steinwenter: Die Streitbeendigung durch Urteîl, Schiedsspruch und Vergleich nach griechischem Rechte. Zweite, durchgesehene Auflage. Pp. xi+211. Munich: Beck, 1971. Paper, DM. 38. [REVIEW]D. M. Macdowell - 1973 - The Classical Review 23 (2):282-282.
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  24. Avicenne et Thomas d'Aquin. Les sources arabes de la conception existentielle de l'être.Artur Andrzejuk - 2003 - Studia Philosophiae Christianae 39 (1):209-219.
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  25.  6
    O Jogo da Capoeira, Como Ferramenta Motivacional Para o Desenvolvimento da Leitura, Em Uma Escola Estadual, Na Cidade de Itabuna – Bahia -Brasil.Cláudia Viana Ávila D'Andrade & Clara Roseana Da Silva Azevedo Mot'Alverne - 2020 - Odeere 5 (9):332.
    A capoeira ou capoeiragem é uma expressão cultural brasileira que mistura jogo, esporte, arte marcial, cultura popular, tradição, dança e música. Desenvolvida no Brasil por descendentes de escravos africanos, a capoeira é caracterizada por golpes e movimentos ágeis e complexos, utilizando primariamente chutes e rasteiras, além de joelhadas e cabeçadas, cotoveladas, acrobacias aéreas ou em solo. Praticantes da capoeira aprendem não apenas a lutar e jogar, mas também a tocar os instrumentos típicos e cantar. Assim, os discentes do 6º ano (...)
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  26.  2
    Reasoning in Non-Probabilistic Uncertainty: Logic Programming and Neural-Symbolic Computing as Examples.Michiel Lambalgen, Leendert Torre, Keith Stenning, Artur Garcez & Tarek Besold - 2017 - Minds and Machines 27 (1):37-77.
    This article aims to achieve two goals: to show that probability is not the only way of dealing with uncertainty ; and to provide evidence that logic-based methods can well support reasoning with uncertainty. For the latter claim, two paradigmatic examples are presented: logic programming with Kleene semantics for modelling reasoning from information in a discourse, to an interpretation of the state of affairs of the intended model, and a neural-symbolic implementation of input/output logic for dealing with uncertainty in dynamic (...)
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  27. Sociologie d'un laboratoire de biotechnologie.António Firmino da Costa, Patrícia Ávila & Margarida Senna Martinez - 2000 - Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie 109:257-282.
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  28. La proclamación (bay^a) de Hisam II, año 976 d.C.María Luisa Avila Navarro - 1980 - Al-Qantara 1 (1):79-114.
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  29.  16
    Rincon González, D. y Manchón González, R. , El maestro Juan de Ávila , un exponente del humanismo reformista.Francisco Javier Cruz Lendinez - 2014 - Endoxa 34:475.
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  30.  3
    Przypadek Beppego Grilla, Czyli o (D)Ewolucji Komunikacji Politycznej We Włoszech.Łukasz Jan Berezowski & Artur Gałkowski - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 58 (3):517-528.
    The article aims at analyzing the case of Beppe Grillo and his Five Stars Movement in terms of social, cultural and linguistic phenomenon that – initially as a virtual party without a structured organization – seems to conquer both right-wing and left-wing Italian citizens notwithstanding generational and ideological differences. The success of grillini in the parliamentary election of 2018 as a consequence of Matteo Renzi’s constitutional referendum failure, represents a clear sign of the leadership crisis as well as the drifting (...)
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  31. Les Ressorts Dramatiques Dans le Theatre D'Anouilh.María del Huerto Avila - 1970 - Humanitas 16 (22-23):91.
     
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  32.  33
    Three Mystics. El Greco, St. John of the Cross, St. Teresa of Avila. Edited by Father Bruno de J. M., O.D.C.Helmut Hatzfeld - 1949 - Renascence 2 (2):151-152.
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  33.  25
    Research Letter: Pre‐Hospital Care in Valparaíso – an Integrated Emergency Network Within the San Antonio Regional Health Service in Chile.R. G. Fuentes, F. E. Espejo, J. P. Avila, D. B. Verdessi, J. C. Gonzalez & A. C. Azevedo - 1999 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 5 (1):87-91.
  34.  6
    Les partis politiques en Pologne contemporaine depuis 1918.Artur Ławniczak - 2011 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 18 (1):367-382.
    Modern democracy is impossible without political parties. They are necessary in the process of the construction of the political class and building of relations between politicians and ‘ordinary people’. So, in Poland in the twentieth and the twenty-first centuries the significance of parties is also very important. Their history is older than the history of the reborn Poland. Especially in Galicia, an autonomous province of the Hapsburg empire, we can see the activities of many politicians. A part of them in (...)
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  35.  36
    Justification Épistémique.Arturs Logins - 2018 - L’Encyclopédie Philosophique (Version Grand Public).
    Certaines croyances sont justifiées tandis que d’autres ne le sont pas. Si je crois que la Terre est ronde, on peut considérer que ma croyance est justifiée, alors que si je crois qu’elle est plate, elle ne l’est pas. Qu’est-ce qui différencie les unes des autres ? Une croyance justifiée doit-elle toujours être fondée sur une autre croyance justifiée ? Comment pouvons-nous éviter la conclusion sceptique selon laquelle nous ne sommes pas justifiés à croire quoi que ce soit ? Ces (...)
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  36.  40
    Scepticisme, Fidéisme Et Évidentialisme : Oppositions Et Origines.Artūrs Logins - 2013 - Dialogue 51 (4):613-642.
    Les principales attitudes adoptées devant les questions centrales de l’épistémologie générale sont selon nous l’évidentialisme, le scepticisme et le fidéisme. Dans cet article, nous présentons d’une part les arguments permettant d’accepter une forme de l’évidentialisme selon laquelle aucune croyance fausse ne peut être justifiée sur la base de raisons probantes. D’autre part, nous proposons de considérer l’aspect historique de l’émergence de l’évidentialisme au début des Lumières. Nous explorons un cas particulier qui témoigne de l’émergence de l’évidentialisme moderne comme opposition au (...)
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  37.  15
    Transitive Inference Remains Despite Overtraining on Premise Pair C+D-.Héctor O. Camarena, Oscar García-Leal, José E. Burgos, Felipe Parrado & Laurent Ávila-Chauvet - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  38.  13
    ""Quine's" Two Dogmas" as a Criticism of Logical Empiricism.Artur Koterski - 2012 - Filozofia Nauki 20 (1):45 - +.
    Dans les « Deux dogmes», Quine voulait démontrer que le positivisme logique n’était possible qu’en raison d’hypothèses injustifiées. L’intention de Quine était de montrer qu’il n’est possible de sauver l’empirisme que si l’on accepte une autre approche, holistique. Toutefois, l’article de Quine était anachronique dès le moment de sa publication. Le but de cet article est double. Tout d’abord, on esquissera l’argument de Quine et on le confrontera aux positions de Carnap et Dubislav. On montrera que la critique de Quine (...)
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  39.  24
    Research Ethics Review at University Eduardo Mondlane /Maputo Central Hospital, Mozambique : A Descriptive Analysis of the Start-Up of a New Research Ethics Committee.Jahit Sacarlal, Vasco Muchanga, Carlos Mabutana, Matilde Mabui, Arlete Mariamo, Assa Júlio Cuamba, Leida Artur Fumo, Jacinta Silveira, Elizabeth Heitman & Troy D. Moon - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):37.
    Mozambique has seen remarkable growth in biomedical research over the last decade. To meet a growing need, the National Committee for Bioethics in Health of Mozambique encouraged the development of ethical review processes at institutions that regularly conduct medical and social science research. In 2012, the Faculty of Medicine of University Eduardo Mondlane and the Maputo Central Hospital established a joint Institutional Committee on Bioethics for Health. This study examines the experience of the first 4 years of the CIBS FM (...)
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  40.  31
    A History of Women Philosophers, Volume II: Medieval, Renaissance and Enlightenment Women Philosophers/A.D. 500-1600.Prudence Allen - 1991 - Review of Metaphysics 44 (3):660-662.
    Mary Ellen Waithe has put together another collection of essays on seventeen different women philosophers. In addition to serving as the general editor, Waithe authors lengthy chapters on Murasaki Shikibu, a Japanese literary writer; Heloise, a French writer on love and friendship; Oliva Sabuco de Nantes Barrera, a Spanish writer in natural philosophy; and a short summary chapter on Roswitha of Gandersheim, Christine Pisan, Margaret More Roper, and Teresa of Avila.
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  41.  16
    A History of Women Philosophers, Volume II: Medieval, Renaissance and Enlightenment Women Philosophers/A.D. 500-1600. [REVIEW]Prudence Allen - 1991 - Review of Metaphysics 44 (3):660-662.
    Mary Ellen Waithe has put together another collection of essays on seventeen different women philosophers. In addition to serving as the general editor, Waithe authors lengthy chapters on Murasaki Shikibu, a Japanese literary writer; Heloise, a French writer on love and friendship; Oliva Sabuco de Nantes Barrera, a Spanish writer in natural philosophy; and a short summary chapter on Roswitha of Gandersheim, Christine Pisan, Margaret More Roper, and Teresa of Avila.
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  42.  28
    Résistances féminines à l’autorité ecclésiastique, xviie-xviiie siècles.Marcel Bernos - 2002 - Clio 15:103-145.
    Les femmes, à l'époque moderne, admettent, en règle générale, la soumission requise par le clergé masculin. Mais il en est qui résistent. Ce sont des chrétiennes aux fortes personnalités ­ Thérèse d'Avila, au XVIe siècle, ou Gabrielle Suchon, au XVIIe siècle ­ mais aussi des communautés religieuses féminines, comme celle de Port-Royal, au XVIIe siècle et d'autres, moins connues. Ces manifestations d'indépendance, plutôt que de rébellion ouverte, sont particulièrement visibles lorsque ces femmes se sentent investies d'une mission divine, c'est (...)
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  43. Kristeva's Thérèse: Mysticism and Modernism.Carol Mastrangelo Bové - 2013 - Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy 21 (1):105-115.
    This essay focuses on Julia Kristeva’s recent volume Thérèse mon amour: Sainte Thérèse d’Avila (2008) , describing and placing this blend of novel, play, psychoanalytic cultural theory, and case history in the context of her work. I argue that the volume contributes to an understanding of religion’s impact—especially Catholic mysticism--on Western categories of women. I address in particular Thérèse ’s mysticism and modernist use of a feminine figure to subvert practices threatening the vitality of the psyche and of social relations. (...)
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  44. Abortion and Moral Risk1: D. Moller.D. Moller - 2011 - Philosophy 86 (3):425-443.
    It is natural for those with permissive attitudes toward abortion to suppose that, if they have examined all of the arguments they know against abortion and have concluded that they fail, their moral deliberations are at an end. Surprisingly, this is not the case, as I argue. This is because the mere risk that one of those arguments succeeds can generate a moral reason that counts against the act. If this is so, then liberals may be mistaken about the morality (...)
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  45. Two-State Solution to the Lottery Paradox.Artūrs Logins - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (11):3465-3492.
    This paper elaborates a new solution to the lottery paradox, according to which the paradox arises only when we lump together two distinct states of being confident that p under one general label of ‘belief that p’. The two-state conjecture is defended on the basis of some recent work on gradable adjectives. The conjecture is supported by independent considerations from the impossibility of constructing the lottery paradox both for risk-tolerating states such as being afraid, hoping or hypothesizing, and for risk-averse, (...)
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  46. Normative Reasons Without (Good) Reasoning.Artūrs Logins - 2019 - Ethics 130 (2):208-210.
    According to the good reasoning view of normative reasons, p is a reason to F, just in case p is a premise of a good pattern of reasoning. This article presents two counterexamples to the most promising version of the good reasoning view.
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  47. Save the Children!Artūrs Logins - 2016 - Analysis 76 (4):418-422.
  48. Is an Increase in Probability Always an Increase in Evidential Support?Artūrs Logins - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-25.
    Peter Achinstein has argued at length and on many occasions that the view according to which evidential support is defined in terms of probability-raising faces serious counterexamples and, hence, should be abandoned. Proponents of the positive probabilistic relevance view have remained unconvinced. The debate seems to be in a deadlock. This paper is an attempt to move the debate forward and revisit some of the central claims within this debate. My conclusion here will be that while Achinstein may be right (...)
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  49.  39
    $\mathfrak{D}$ -Differentiation in Hilbert Space and the Structure of Quantum Mechanics.D. J. Hurley & M. A. Vandyck - 2009 - Foundations of Physics 39 (5):433-473.
    An appropriate kind of curved Hilbert space is developed in such a manner that it admits operators of $\mathcal{C}$ - and $\mathfrak{D}$ -differentiation, which are the analogues of the familiar covariant and D-differentiation available in a manifold. These tools are then employed to shed light on the space-time structure of Quantum Mechanics, from the points of view of the Feynman ‘path integral’ and of canonical quantisation. (The latter contains, as a special case, quantisation in arbitrary curvilinear coordinates when space is (...)
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  50. Complex and Unpredictable Cardano.Artur Ekert - unknown
    At a purely instrumental level, quantum theory is all about multiplication, addition and taking mod squares of complex numbers called probability amplitudes. The rules for combining amplitudes are deceptively simple. When two or more events are independent you multiply their respective probability amplitudes and when they are mutually exclusive you add them. Whenever you want to calculate probabilities you take mod squares of respective amplitudes. That’s it. If you are prepared to ignore the explanatory power of the theory (which you (...)
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