Results for 'Gerald Schneider'

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  1.  6
    The Political Economy of Arms Export Restrictions: The Case of Japan.Atsushi Tago & Gerald Schneider - 2012 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 13 (3):419-439.
    The export of arms belongs to the most contested issues in democracies. In this article, we examine the economic repercussions of the recent easing of the Japanese arms exports restrictions. We develop a rational expectations argument to understand why some political events increase the income of the arms manufacturers, while other ones reduce it or have no effect at all. Event studies suggest that investors closely observe relevant political developments since stock prices of the six arms manufacturers companies reacted consistently (...)
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  2.  9
    Axon Development and Plasticity: Clues From Species Differences and Suggestions for Mechanisms of Evolutionary Change.Gerald E. Schneider - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (3):346-347.
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  3. Barry Smith an Sich.Gerald J. Erion & Gloria Zúñiga Y. Postigo (eds.) - 2017 - Cosmos + Taxis.
    Festschrift in Honor of Barry Smith on the occasion of his 65th Birthday. Published as issue 4:4 of the journal Cosmos + Taxis: Studies in Emergent Order and Organization. Includes contributions by Wolfgang Grassl, Nicola Guarino, John T. Kearns, Rudolf Lüthe, Luc Schneider, Peter Simons, Wojciech Żełaniec, and Jan Woleński.
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  4.  97
    Property, Rights, and Freedom*: GERALD F. GAUS.Gerald F. Gaus - 1994 - Social Philosophy and Policy 11 (2):209-240.
    William Perm summarized the Magna Carta thus: “First, It asserts Englishmen to be free; that's Liberty. Secondly, they that have free-holds, that's Property.” Since at least the seventeenth century, liberals have not only understood liberty and property to be fundamental, but to be somehow intimately related or interwoven. Here, however, consensus ends; liberals present an array of competing accounts of the relation between liberty and property. Many, for instance, defend an essentially instrumental view, typically seeing private property as justified because (...)
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  5. Coercion, Ownership, and the Redistributive State: Justificatory Liberalism's Classical Tilt: Gerald Gaus.Gerald Gaus - 2010 - Social Philosophy and Policy 27 (1):233-275.
    Justificatory liberalism is liberal in an abstract and foundational sense: it respects each as free and equal, and so insists that coercive laws must be justified to all members of the public. In this essay I consider how this fundamental liberal principle relates to disputes within the liberal tradition on “the extent of the state.” It is widely thought today that this core liberal principle of respect requires that the state regulates the distribution of resources or well-being to conform to (...)
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  6.  50
    Jurisprudence as Practical Philosophy: Gerald J. Postema.Gerald J. Postema - 1998 - Legal Theory 4 (3):329-357.
    Nowhere has H.L.A. Hart's influence on philosophical jurisprudence in the English-speaking world been greater than in the way its fundamental project and method are conceived by its practitioners. Disagreements abound, of course. Philosophers debate the extent to which jurisprudence can or should proceed without appeal to moral or other values. They disagree about which participant perspective—that of the judge, lawyer, citizen, or “bad man”—is primary and about what taking up the participant perspective commits the theorist to. However, virtually unchallenged is (...)
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  7.  27
    Public Practical Reason: An Archeology*: GERALD J. POSTEMA.Gerald J. Postema - 1995 - Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (1):43-86.
    Kant argues that the “discipline” of reason holds us to public argument and reflective thought. When we speak the language of reasoned judgment, Kant maintains, we “speak with a universal voice,” expecting and claiming the assent of all other rational beings. This language carries with it a discipline requiring us to submit our judgments to the forum of our rational peers. Remarkably, Kant does not restrict this thought to the realm of politics, but rather treats politics as the model for (...)
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  8. What is Deontology?, Part Two: Reasons to Act Gerald F. Gaus.Gerald Gaus - unknown
    Part One of this essay considered familiar ways of characterizing deontology, which focus on the notions of the good and the right. Here we will take up alternative approaches, which stress the type of reasons for actions that are generated by deontological theories. Although some of these alternative conceptualizations of deontology also employ a distinction between the good and the right, all mark the basic contrast between deontology and teleology in terms of reasons to act.
     
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  9.  16
    C.) Schneider Kulturgeschichte des Hellenismus. 1. Munich: C. H. Beck. 1967. Pp. Xxxi + 977. Subscription Price DM 65; Later DM 74. (Subscribers Must Order Both Volumes. [REVIEW]Victor Ehrenberg & C. Schneider - 1969 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 89:176-177.
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  10.  69
    Why All Welfare States Are Unreasonable*: GERALD F. GAUS.Gerald F. Gaus - 1998 - Social Philosophy and Policy 15 (2):1-33.
    Liberal political theory is all too familiar with the divide between classical and welfare-state liberals. Classical liberals, as we all know, insist on the importance of small government, negative liberty, and private property. Welfare-state liberals, on the other hand, although they too stress civil rights, tend to be sympathetic to “positive liberty,” are for a much more expansive government, and are often ambivalent about private property. Although I do not go so far as to entirely deny the usefulness of this (...)
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  11.  81
    Bentham on the Public Character of Law: Gerald J. Postema.Gerald J. Postema - 1989 - Utilitas 1 (1):41-61.
    Bentham belongs to a long tradition of reflection on law according to which the nature of law can best be understood in terms of its distinctive contribution to the solution of certain deep and pervasive problems of collective action or collective rationality. I propose to take a critical look at Bentham's unique and penetrating contribution to this tradition. For this purpose I will rely on the interpretation of the main lines of Bentham's jurisprudence and its philosophical motivations which I have (...)
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  12. Bentham's Equality-Sensitive Utilitarianism: Gerald J. Postema.Gerald J. Postema - 1998 - Utilitas 10 (2):144-158.
    Rosen argues that Bentham's utilitarian doctrine was sensitive to distributive concerns and would not countenance sacrifice of fundamental individual interests for aggregate gains in happiness in society. This essay seeks to extend and deepen Rosen's argument. It is argued that Bentham's equality-sensitive principle of utility is an expression of an individualist conception of human happiness which contrasts sharply with the orthodox utilitarian abstract conception. Evidence for this interpretation of the basic motivation of Bentham's doctrine is drawn from his view of (...)
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  13.  36
    Professor Schneider's History of American PhilosophyA History of American Philosophy.Max H. Fisch & Herbert W. Schneider - 1947 - Journal of the History of Ideas 8 (4):484.
  14.  87
    Gerald Holton, Review of Einstein and Religion: Physics and Theology by Max Jammer. [REVIEW]Gerald Holton - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):530-533.
  15. The Remembered Present: A Biological Theory of Consciousness.Gerald M. Edelman - 1989 - Basic Books.
    Having laid the groundwork in his critically acclaimed books Neural Darwinism (Basic Books, 1987) and Topobiology (Basic Books, 1988), Nobel laureate Gerald M. Edelman now proposes a comprehensive theory of consciousness in The Remembered ...
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  16. A Universe of Consciousness: How Matter Becomes Imagination.Gerald M. Edelman & Giulio Tononi - 2000 - Basic Books.
    A Nobel Prize-winning scientist and a leading brain researcher show how the brain creates conscious experience.
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  17.  69
    In Defense of Anarchism by Robert Paul Wolff. [REVIEW]Gerald Dworkin - 1971 - Journal of Philosophy 68 (18):561-567.
  18.  40
    The Group Mind.Herbert W. Schneider - 1921 - Journal of Philosophy 18 (25):690-697.
  19. Landmarks for Beginners in Philosophy Edited by Erwin Edman and Herbert W. Schneider, with the Assistance of Edwin N. Garlan, George C. Seward [and] Henry M. Magid. [REVIEW]Irwin Edman & Herbert Wallace Schneider - 1963 - Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
     
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  20.  65
    Perceptual Recognition as a Function of Meaningfulness of Stimulus Material.Gerald M. Reicher - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (2):275.
  21.  82
    Theory and Practice of Yoga: Essays in Honour of Gerald James Larson.Gerald James Larson & Knut A. Jacobsen (eds.) - 2005 - Brill.
    This collection of original essays on Yoga in honour of Professor Gerald James Larson provides fascinating new insights into the yoga traditions of India as a ...
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  22.  98
    Ethics in Psychology: Professional Standards and Cases.Gerald P. Koocher - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    Whether one's interests lie in psychological practice, counseling, research, or the classroom, psychologists today must deal with a broad range of ethical issues--from charging fees to maintaining a client's confidentiality, and from conducting research to respecting clients, colleagues, and students. Now in a new edition, Ethics in Psychology, the most widely read and cited ethics textbook in psychology, considers many of the ethical questions and dilemmas that psychologists encounter in their everyday practice, research, and teaching. The book has been completely (...)
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  23.  13
    Creativity in the Social Epistemology of Science.Mike D. Schneider - 2021 - Philosophy of Science 88 (5):882-893.
    Currie (2019) has introduced a novel account of creativity within the social epistemology of science. The account is intended to capture how conservatism can be detrimental to the health of inquiry within certain scientific communities, given the aims of research there. I argue that recent remarks by Rovelli (2018) put pressure on the applicability of the account. Altogether, it seems we do not yet well understand the relationship between creativity, conservatism, and the health of inquiry in science.
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  24.  18
    Priority and Privilege in Scientific Discovery.Mike D. Schneider & Hannah Rubin - unknown
    The priority rule in science has been interpreted as a behavior regulator for the scientific community, which benefits society by adequately structuring the distribution of intellectual labor across pre-existing research programs. Further, it has been lauded as part of society's "grand reward scheme" because it fairly rewards people for the benefits they produce. But considerations about how news of scientific developments spreads throughout a scientific community at large suggest that the priority rule is something else entirely, which can disadvantage historically (...)
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  25.  2
    Interpreting Across Boundaries: New Essays in Comparative Philosophy.Gerald James Larson & Eliot Deutsch (eds.) - 1988 - Princeton University Press.
    This volume is a “state-of-the-art‘ assessment of comparative philosophy written by some of the leading practitioners of the field. While its primary focus is on gaining methodological clarity regarding the comparative enterprise of “interpreting across boundaries,‘ the book also contains new substantive essays on Indian, Chinese, Japanese, and European thought. The contributors are Roger T. Ames, William Theodore de Bary, Wing-tsit Chan, A. S. Cua, Eliot Deutsch, Charles Hartshorne, Daya Krishna, Gerald James Larson, Sengaku Mayeda, Hajime Nakamura, Raimundo Panikkar, (...)
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  26. Ethics in Psychology and the Mental Health Professions: Standards and Cases.Gerald P. Koocher - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Psychologists today must deal with a broad range of ethical issues--from charging fees to maintaining a client's confidentiality, and from conducting research to respecting clients, colleagues, and students. As the field of psychology has grown in size and scope, the role of ethics has become more important and complex whether the psychologist is involved in teaching, counseling, research, or practice. Now this most widely read and cited ethics text in psychology has been revised to reflect the ethics questions and dilemmas (...)
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  27.  20
    Spinoza on the Conditions That Nominally Define the Human Condition.Daniel Schneider - 2019 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 27 (5):753-773.
    ABSTRACTIn ‘Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person,’ Harry Frankfurt argues that a successful analysis of the concept ‘human’ must reveal something that distinguishes humans from non-human...
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  28.  33
    William James: His LIfe and Thought.Gerald Myers - 1986 - Yale University Press.
    This magisterial book is the first comprehensive interpretive and critical study of one of America's foremost philosophers and psychologists. Gerald Myers traces James's life and career and then uses this fresh biographical information to illuminate his writings and ideas.
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  29. Gerald Vision and Indexicals.Julia Colterjohn & Duncan MacIntosh - 1986 - Analysis 47 (1):58-60.
    The indexical thesis says that the indexical terms, “I”, “here” and “now” necessarily refer to the person, place and time of utterance, respectively, with the result that the sentence, “I am here now” cannot express a false proposition. Gerald Vision offers supposed counter-examples: he says, “I am here now”, while pointing to the wrong place on a map; or he says it in a note he puts in the kitchen for his wife so she’ll know he’s home even though (...)
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  30.  35
    The Scientific Imagination: With a New Introduction.Gerald James Holton - 1978 - Harvard University Press.
    In this book Gerald Holton takes an opposing view, illuminating the ways in which the imagination of the scientist functions early in the formation of a new ...
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  31.  38
    Veritas: The Correspondence Theory and its Critics.Gerald Vision - 2009 - Bradford.
    In Veritas, Gerald Vision defends the correspondence theory of truth -- the theory that truth has a direct relationship to reality -- against recent attacks, and critically examines its most influential alternatives. The correspondence theory, if successful, explains one way in which we are cognitively connected to the world; thus, it is claimed, truth -- while relevant to semantics, epistemology, and other studies -- also has significant metaphysical consequences. Although the correspondence theory is widely held today, Vision points to (...)
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  32.  77
    Best Theory Scientific Realism.Gerald Doppelt - 2014 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 4 (2):271-291.
    The aim of this essay is to argue for a new version of ‘inference-to-the-best-explanation’ scientific realism, which I characterize as Best Theory Realism or ‘BTR’. On BTR, the realist needs only to embrace a commitment to the truth or approximate truth of the best theories in a field, those which are unique in satisfying the highest standards of empirical success in a mature field with many successful but falsified predecessors. I argue that taking our best theories to be true is (...)
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  33.  23
    Ethical Attitudes of Future Business Leaders Do They Vary by Gender and Religiosity?Gerald Albaum & Robert A. Peterson - 2006 - Business and Society 45 (3):300-321.
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  34.  2
    Reality and Scientific Truth: Discussions with Einstein, Von Laue, and Planck.Ilse Rosenthal-Schneider - 1980 - Wayne State University Press.
  35. Human Destinies: Philosophical Essays in Memory of Gerald Hanratty.Gerald Hanratty & Fran O'Rourke (eds.) - 2012 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    From 1968 until his death in 2003, Gerald Hanratty was professor of philosophy at University College Dublin. In this volume to his memory, Fran O'Rourke has assembled twenty-six essays reflecting Hanratty's broad philosophical interests, dealing with central questions of human existence and the ultimate meaning of the universe. Whether engaged in historical investigations into Gnosticism or the Enlightenment, Hanratty was concerned with fundamental themes in the philosophy of religion and philosophical anthropology. _Human Destinies_ brings together a wide range of (...)
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  36.  1
    Philosophy and the Civilizing Arts: Essays Presented to Herbert W. Schneider.Herbert Wallace Schneider, Craig Walton & John Peter Anton (eds.) - 1974 - Ohio University Press.
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  37.  21
    Hospital Chaplaincy Across Denominational, Cultural and Religious Borders: Observations From the German Context.C. Schneider-Harpprecht - 2003 - Christian Bioethics 9 (1):91-107.
    The essay investigates the possibilities and limitations of cross-denominational, intercultural and inter-religious hospital chaplaincy. With a view to the actual situation of hospital chaplaincy in Germany and the economic, social and theological constraints under which it offers its services, the author concludes, that the different Christian denominations must organizationally cooperate and share their work if such services are to survive the growing pressures. Constructivist cognition theory is invoked for analyzing the hermeneutical and theological implications of inter-denominational, intercultural and inter-religious pastoral (...)
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  38. Kuhn’s Epistemological Relativism: An Interpretation and Defense.Gerald Doppelt - 1978 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 21 (1-4):33 – 86.
    This article attempts to develop a rational reconstruction of Kuhn's epistemological relativism which effectively defends it against an influential line of criticism in the work of Shapere and Scheffler. Against the latter's reading of Kuhn, it is argued (1) that it is the incommensurability of scientific problems, data, and standards, not that of scientific meanings which primarily grounds the relativism argument; and (2) that Kuhnian incommensurability is compatible with far greater epistemological continuity from one theory to another than is implied (...)
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  39. Medico-Moral Problems.Gerald A. Kelly - 1955 - St. Louis, Catholic Hospital Association of the United States and Canada.
     
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  40. Operational Planning and Monitoring with Envelopes Gerald M. Powell* CECOM Center for C3 Systems Ft Monmouth, NJ 07703 [email protected] Cs. Umaa8. Edu. [REVIEW]Gerald M. Powell - forthcoming - Ai Systems in Government Conference: Proceedings.
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  41.  24
    Motivation and the Moral Sense in Francis Hutcheson’s Ethical Theory.Herbert W. Schneider - 1973 - Journal of Philosophy 70 (4):106-108.
  42.  12
    A Grammar of Politics.Studies in the History of Political Philosophy Before and After RousseauContemporary Political Thought in England.Introduction to Modern Political Theory.The Moral Standards of Democracy.Herbert Wallace Schneider - 1926 - Journal of Philosophy 23 (6):154-158.
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  43. From Standard Scientific Realism and Structural Realism to Best Current Theory Realism.Gerald D. Doppelt - 2011 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 42 (2):295-316.
    I defend a realist commitment to the truth of our most empirically successful current scientific theories—on the ground that it provides the best explanation of their success and the success of their falsified predecessors. I argue that this Best Current Theory Realism (BCTR) is superior to preservative realism (PR) and the structural realism (SR). I show that PR and SR rest on the implausible assumption that the success of outdated theories requires the realist to hold that these theories possessed truthful (...)
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  44.  48
    Virtue as a Benchmark for Spirituality in Business.Gerald F. Cavanagh & Mark R. Bandsuch - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 38 (1-2):109 - 117.
    Business people often consider spirituality a means of increasing integrity, motivation and job satisfaction. Yet certain spiritualities are superficial and unstable. Religion gives depth and duration to a spirituality, but may also sew divisiveness. A spirituality's ability to develop good moral habits provides a positive test of the "appropriateness" of that spirituality for business. Many successful business executives demonstrate a spirituality that does develop good moral habits.
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  45. What is Deontology?, Part One: Orthodox Viewsa Gerald F. Gaus.Gerald Gaus - unknown
    Current moral philosophy is often seen as essentially a debate between the two great traditions of consequentialism and deontology. Although there has been considerable work clarifying consequentialism, deontology is more often attacked or defended than analyzed. Just how we are to understand the very idea of a deontological ethic? We shall see that competing conceptions of deontology have been advanced in recent ethical thinking, leading to differences in classifying ethical theories. If we do not focus on implausible versions, the idea (...)
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  46.  91
    Problems of Vision: Rethinking the Causal Theory of Perception.Gerald Vision - 1996 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    In this book Gerald Vision argues for a new causal theory, one that engages provocatively with direct realism and makes no use of a now discredited subjectivism.
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  47.  28
    Hermeneutics: Ancient and Modern.Gerald Bruns - 1992 - Yale University Press.
    Gerald L. Bruns. the spell of another, to liberate the language imprisoned in a work in his recreation of that work" (p. 80). The notion of a pure language, a language uncontaminated by mere speech, may be one of modernity's great unkillable ...
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  48.  13
    Facts and Values.Gerald E. Myers - 1965 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 26 (2):280-281.
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  49.  18
    The Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies, Volume 4: Samkhya, a Dualist Tradition in Indian Philosophy.Gerald James Larson & Ram ShankarHG Bhattacharya - 1987 - Princeton University Press.
    Samkhya is one of the oldest, if not the oldest, system of classical Indian philosophy. This book traces its history from the third or fourth century B. C. up through the twentieth century. The Encyclopedia as a whole will present the substance of the various Indian systems of thought to philosophers unable to read the Sanskrit and having difficulty in finding their way about in the translations (where such exist). This volume includes a lengthy introduction by Gerald James Larson, (...)
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  50.  47
    The Literature of Possibility; a Study in Humanistic Existentialism.Herbert W. Schneider - 1960 - Journal of Philosophy 57 (13):451-455.
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