Results for 'Maarten A. Frens'

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  1.  15
    Cerebellar tDCS Does Not Enhance Performance in an Implicit Categorization Learning Task.Marie C. Verhage, Eric O. Avila, Maarten A. Frens, Opher Donchin & Jos N. van der Geest - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  2.  19
    “What’s That?” “What Went Wrong?” Positive and Negative Surprise and the Rostral–Ventral to Caudal–Dorsal Functional Gradient in the Brain.Mattie Tops & Maarten A. S. Boksem - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  3.  6
    Transcutaneous Vagus Nerve Stimulation Enhances Response Selection During Sequential Action.Bryant J. Jongkees, Maarten A. Immink, Alessandra Finisguerra & Lorenza S. Colzato - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  4.  7
    Politics on the Move: The Democratic Control of the Design of Sustainable Technologies.Maarten A. Hajer - 1995 - Knowledge and Policy 8 (4):26-39.
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  5.  13
    The Influence of Focused-Attention Meditation States on the Cognitive Control of Sequence Learning.Russell W. Chan, Maarten A. Immink & Kurt Lushington - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 55:11-25.
  6. Prefrontal Cortex Activation During Motor Sequence Learning Under Interleaved and Repetitive Practice: A Two-Channel Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Study.Maarten A. Immink, Monique Pointon, David L. Wright & Frank E. Marino - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    Training under high interference conditions through interleaved practice results in performance suppression during training but enhances long-term performance relative to repetitive practice involving low interference. Previous neuroimaging work addressing this contextual interference effect of motor learning has relied heavily on the blood-oxygen-level-dependent response using functional magnetic resonance imaging methodology resulting in mixed reports of prefrontal cortex recruitment under IP and RP conditions. We sought to clarify these equivocal findings by imaging bilateral PFC recruitment using functional near-infrared spectroscopy while discrete key (...)
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  7.  18
    Integration of Negative Experiences: A Neuropsychological Framework for Human Resilience.Markus Quirin, Martha Kent, Maarten A. S. Boksem & Mattie Tops - 2015 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 38.
    We propose that the fundamental mechanism underlying resilience is the integration of novel or negative experiences into internal schemata. This process requires a switch from reactive to predictive control modes, from the brain's salience network to the default mode network. Reappraisal, among other mechanisms, is suggested to facilitate this process.
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  8. Post-Training Meditation Promotes Motor Memory Consolidation.Maarten A. Immink - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  9.  28
    Stratification of General Equilibrium Theory: A Synthesis of Reconstructions. [REVIEW]Maarten C. W. Janssen & Theo A. F. Kuipers - 1989 - Erkenntnis 30 (1-2):183 - 205.
  10.  39
    Artefact Kinds: Ontology and the Human-Made World.Maarten Franssen, Peter Kroes, Pieter Vermaas & Thomas A. C. Reydon (eds.) - 2013 - Synthese Library.
    One way to address such questions about artifact kinds is to look for clues in the available literature on parallel questions that have been posed with respect to kinds in the natural domain. Philosophers have long been concerned with the ...
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  11.  21
    Friedman's Permanent Income Hypothesis as an Example of Diagnostic Reasoning: Maarten C. W. Janssen and Yao-Hua Tan.Maarten C. W. Janssen - 1992 - Economics and Philosophy 8 (1):23-46.
    Many recent developments in artificial intelligence research are relevant for traditional issues in the philosophy of science. One of the developments in AI research we want to focus on in this article is diagnostic reasoning, which we consider to be of interest for the theory of explanation in general and for an understanding of explanatory arguments in economic science in particular. Usually, explanation is primarily discussed in terms of deductive inferences in classical logic. However, in recent AI research it is (...)
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  12.  38
    Uncertainty and Exploration in a Restless Bandit Problem.Maarten Speekenbrink & Emmanouil Konstantinidis - 2015 - Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (2):351-367.
    Decision making in noisy and changing environments requires a fine balance between exploiting knowledge about good courses of action and exploring the environment in order to improve upon this knowledge. We present an experiment on a restless bandit task in which participants made repeated choices between options for which the average rewards changed over time. Comparing a number of computational models of participants’ behavior in this task, we find evidence that a substantial number of them balanced exploration and exploitation by (...)
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  13.  4
    Book Reviews : The Politics of Environmental Discourse: Ecological Modernization and the Policy Process, by Maarten A. Hajer. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1995, Xi + 332 Pp. £30.00. [REVIEW]Chunglin Kwa - 1998 - Science, Technology and Human Values 23 (2):245-248.
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  14. Beyond Fakers and Fanatics: A Reply to Maarten Boudry and Jerry Coyne.Neil Van Leeuwen - 2016 - Philosophical Psychology 29 (4):1-6.
    Maarten Boudry and Jerry Coyne have written a piece, forthcoming in Philosophical Psychology, called “Disbelief in Belief,” in which they criticize my recent paper “Religious credence is not factual belief” (2014, Cognition 133). Here I respond to their criticisms, the thrust of which is that we shouldn’t distinguish religious credence from factual belief, contrary to what I say. I respond that their picture of religious psychology undermines our ability to distinguish common religious people from fanatics. My response will appear (...)
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  15.  32
    Implementing Moral Case Deliberation in a Psychiatric Hospital: Process and Outcome. [REVIEW]Bert Molewijk, Maarten Verkerk, Henk Milius & Guy Widdershoven - 2008 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (1):43-56.
    Background Clinical moral case deliberation consists of the systematic reflection on a concrete moral case␣by health care professionals. This paper presents the study of a 4-year moral deliberation project.Objectives The objectives of this paper are to: (a) describe the practice and the theoretical background of moral deliberation, (b) describe the moral deliberation project, (c) present the outcomes of␣the evaluation of the moral case deliberation sessions, and (d) present the implementation process.Methods The implementation process is both monitored and supported by an (...)
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  16.  28
    The Governmentalization of Learning and the Assemblage of a Learning Apparatus.Maarten Simons & Jan Masschelein - 2008 - Educational Theory 58 (4):391-415.
  17.  8
    Learning in a Changing Environment.Maarten Speekenbrink & David R. Shanks - 2010 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 139 (2):266-298.
  18. The Epistemic Predicament of a Pseudoscience: Social Constructivism Confronts Freudian Psychoanalysis.Maarten Boudry & Filip Buekens - 2011 - Theoria 77 (2):159-179.
    Social constructivist approaches to science have often been dismissed as inaccurate accounts of scientific knowledge. In this article, we take the claims of robust social constructivism (SC) seriously and attempt to find a theory which does instantiate the epistemic predicament as described by SC. We argue that Freudian psychoanalysis, in virtue of some of its well-known epistemic complications and conceptual confusions, provides a perfect illustration of what SC claims is actually going on in science. In other words, the features SC (...)
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  19.  7
    The Adventure of Study: Thinking with Artifices in a Palestinian Experimental University.Hans Schildermans, Maarten Simons & Jan Masschelein - 2019 - Ethics and Education 14 (2):184-197.
    ABSTRACTThe question concerning the relation between thinking and the university is the starting point of this paper. After a very brief outline of some reflections on this topic, the case of Campus in Camps, a Palestinian experimental university, is presented to shed light on this issue. Inspired by Isabelle Stengers’ ecology of practices, it is possible to discern four requirements on thinking in the work of Campus in Camps, namely storytelling, comparing, mapping, and using. It will be argued that the (...)
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  20. False Reflections.Maarten Steenhagen - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (5):1227-1242.
    Philosophers and psychologists often assume that mirror reflections are optical illusions. According to many authors, what we see in a mirror appears to be behind it. I discuss two strategies to resist this piece of dogma. As I will show, the conviction that mirror reflections are illusions is rooted in a confused conception of the relations between location, direction, and visibility. This conception is unacceptable to those who take seriously the way in which mirrors contribute to our experience of the (...)
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  21.  20
    Is Pride a Prosocial Emotion? Interpersonal Effects of Authentic and Hubristic Pride.Maarten J. J. Wubben, David De Cremer & Eric van Dijk - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (6):1084-1097.
  22.  19
    Can Parallel Processing and Competitive Inhibition Explain the Generation of Saccades?M. A. Frens, I. T. C. Hooge & H. H. L. M. Goossens - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (4):685-686.
    The framework of Findlay & Walker's target article provides a first attempt to model the saccadic system at all levels. Their scheme is based on two main principles. These are “parallel processing of saccade timing and metrics” and “competitive inhibition through winner-take-all strategies.” In our opinion, however, both concepts are in their strictest sense at odds with the current knowledge of the saccadic system, and need to be refined to make the scheme more relevant.
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  23.  36
    The Why and How of Enabling the Integration of Social and Ethical Aspects in Research and Development.Steven M. Flipse, Maarten C. A. Sanden & Patricia Osseweijer - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):703-725.
    New and Emerging Science and Technology (NEST) based innovations, e.g. in the field of Life Sciences or Nanotechnology, frequently raise societal and political concerns. To address these concerns NEST researchers are expected to deploy socially responsible R&D practices. This requires researchers to integrate social and ethical aspects (SEAs) in their daily work. Many methods can facilitate such integration. Still, why and how researchers should and could use SEAs remains largely unclear. In this paper we aim to relate motivations for NEST (...)
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  24.  11
    A System of Dynamic Modal Logic.Maarten de Rijke - 1998 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 27 (2):109 - 142.
    In many logics dealing with information one needs to make statements not only about cognitive states, but also about transitions between them. In this paper we analyze a dynamic modal logic that has been designed with this purpose in mind. On top of an abstract information ordering on states it has instructions to move forward or backward along this ordering, to states where a certain assertion holds or fails, while it also allows combinations of such instructions by means of operations (...)
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  25.  14
    A System of Dynamic Modal Logic.Maarten Rijkdee - 1998 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 27 (2):109-142.
    In many logics dealing with information one needs to make statements not only about cognitive states, but also about transitions between them. In this paper we analyze a dynamic modal logic that has been designed with this purpose in mind. On top of an abstract information ordering on states it has instructions to move forward or backward along this ordering, to states where a certain assertion holds or fails, while it also allows combinations of such instructions by means of operations (...)
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  26. Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem.Massimo Pigliucci & Maarten Boudry (eds.) - 2013 - University of Chicago Press.
    What sets the practice of rigorously tested, sound science apart from pseudoscience? In this volume, the contributors seek to answer this question, known to philosophers of science as “the demarcation problem.” This issue has a long history in philosophy, stretching as far back as the early twentieth century and the work of Karl Popper. But by the late 1980s, scholars in the field began to treat the demarcation problem as impossible to solve and futile to ponder. However, the essays that (...)
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  27.  18
    Midstream Modulation in Biotechnology Industry: Redefining What is 'Part of the Job' of Researchers in Industry. [REVIEW]Steven M. Flipse, Maarten C. A. Sanden & Patricia Osseweijer - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):1141-1164.
    In response to an increasing amount of policy papers stressing the need for integrating social and ethical aspects in Research and Development (R&D) practices, science studies scholars have conducted integrative research and experiments with science and innovation actors. One widely employed integration method is Midstream Modulation (MM), in which an ‘embedded humanist’ interacts in regular meetings with researchers to engage them with the social and ethical aspects of their work. While the possibility of using MM to enhance critical reflection has (...)
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  28. A System of Dynamic Modal Logic.Maarten de Rijke - 1998 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 27 (2):109-142.
    In many logics dealing with information one needs to make statements not only about cognitive states, but also about transitions between them. In this paper we analyze a dynamic modal logic that has been designed with this purpose in mind. On top of an abstract information ordering on states it has instructions to move forward or backward along this ordering, to states where a certain assertion holds or fails, while it also allows combinations of such instructions by means of operations (...)
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  29.  24
    Board Team Leadership Revisited: A Conceptual Model of Shared Leadership in the Boardroom.Maarten Vandewaerde, Wim Voordeckers, Frank Lambrechts & Yannick Bammens - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 104 (3):403-420.
    In the slipstream of several large-scale corporate scandals, the board of directors has gained a pivotal position in the corporate governance debate. However, due to an overreliance on particular methodological (i.e. input–output studies) and theoretical (i.e. agency theory) research fortresses in past board research, academic knowledge concerning how this important governance mechanism actually operates and functions remains relatively limited. This theoretical paper aims to contribute to the promising stream of research which focuses on behavioural perspectives and processes within the corporate (...)
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  30.  24
    The False Fame Illusion in People with Memories About a Previous Life.Maarten J. V. Peters, Robert Horselenberg, Marko Jelicic & Harald Merckelbach - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (1):162-169.
    The present study examined whether individuals with full-blown memories of highly implausible events are prone to commit source monitoring errors. Participants reporting previous-life memories and those without such memories completed a false fame task. This task provides an index of source monitoring errors . Participants with previous-life memories had a greater tendency to judge the names of previously presented non-famous people as famous than control participants. The two groups did not differ in terms of correct recognition of new non-famous names (...)
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  31. Models of Recognition, Repetition Priming, and Fluency: Exploring a New Framework.Christopher J. Berry, David R. Shanks, Maarten Speekenbrink & Richard N. A. Henson - 2011 - Psychological Review 24.
    We present a new modeling framework for recognition memory and repetition priming based on signal detection theory. We use this framework to specify and test the predictions of 4 models: (a) a single-system (SS) model, in which one continuous memory signal drives recognition and priming; (b) a multiple-systems-1 (MS1) model, in which completely independent memory signals (such as explicit and implicit memory) drive recognition and priming; (c) a multiple-systems-2 (MS2) model, in which there are also 2 memory signals, but some (...)
     
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  32.  14
    Art in Progress: A Philosophical Response to the End of the Avant-Garde.Maarten Doorman - 2003 - Amsterdam University Press.
    In this challenging essay, Maarten Doorman argues that in art, belief in progress is still relevant, if not essential. The radical freedoms of postmodernism, he claims, have had a crippling effect on art, leaving it in danger of becoming meaningless. Art can only acquire meaning through context the concept of progress, then, is ideal as the primary criterion for establishing that context. The history of art, in fact, can be seen as a process of constant accumulation, works of art (...)
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  33.  69
    An Elementary Construction for a Non-Elementary Procedure.Maarten Marx & Szabolcs Mikulás - 2002 - Studia Logica 72 (2):253-263.
    We consider the problem of the product finite model property for binary products of modal logics. First we give a new proof for the product finite model property of the logic of products of Kripke frames, a result due to Shehtman. Then we modify the proof to obtain the same result for logics of products of Kripke frames satisfying any combination of seriality, reflexivity and symmetry. We do not consider the transitivity condition in isolation because it leads to infinity axioms (...)
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  34.  25
    An Adequate Education in a Globalised World? A Note on Immunisation Against Being–Together.Jan Masschelein & Maarten Simons - 2002 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 36 (4):589–608.
  35.  17
    How Experts Solve a Novel Problem in Experimental Design.Jan Maarten Schraagen - 1993 - Cognitive Science 17 (2):285-309.
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  36. Natural Selection Does Care About Truth.Maarten Boudry & Michael Vlerick - 2014 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 28 (1):65-77.
    True beliefs are better guides to the world than false ones. This is the common-sense assumption that undergirds theorizing in evolutionary epistemology. According to Alvin Plantinga, however, evolution by natural selection does not care about truth: it cares only about fitness. If our cognitive faculties are the products of blind evolution, we have no reason to trust them, anytime or anywhere. Evolutionary naturalism, consequently, is a self-defeating position. Following up on earlier objections, we uncover three additional flaws in Plantinga's latest (...)
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  37.  71
    The Normativity of Artefacts.Maarten Franssen - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 37 (1):42-57.
    Part of the distinction between artefacts, objects made by humans for particular purposes, and natural objects is that artefacts are subject to normative judgements. A drill, say, can be a good drill or a poor drill, it can function well or correctly or it can malfunction. In this paper I investigate how such judgements fit into the domain of the normative in general and what the grounds for their normativity are. Taking as a starting point a general characterization of normativity (...)
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  38.  20
    Subjective Effort Derives From a Neurological Monitor of Performance Costs and Physiological Resources.Mattie Tops, Maarten As Boksem & Sander L. Koole - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (6):703-704.
  39. Modal Logic.Patrick Blackburn, Maarten de Rijke & Yde Venema - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    This modern, advanced textbook reviews modal logic, a field which caught the attention of computer scientists in the late 1970's.
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  40.  3
    Models of Recognition, Repetition Priming, and Fluency: Exploring a New Framework.Christopher J. Berry, David R. Shanks, Maarten Speekenbrink & Richard N. A. Henson - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (1):40-79.
  41.  80
    Constrained Maximization Reconsidered — an Elaboration and Critique of Gauthier's Modelling of Rational Cooperation in a Single Prisoner's Dilemma.Maarten Franssen - 1994 - Synthese 101 (2):249 - 272.
    Gauthier's argument for constrained maximization, presented inMorals by Agreement, is perfected by taking into account the possibility of accidental exploitation and discussing the limitations on the values of the parameters which measure the translucency of the actors. Gauthier's argument is nevertheless shown to be defective concerning the rationality of constrained maximization as a strategic choice. It can be argued that it applies only to a single actor entering a population of individuals who are themselves not rational actors but simple rule-followers. (...)
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  42.  4
    An Adequate Education in a Globalised World? A Note on Immunisation Against Being-Together.Jan Masschelein & Maarten Simons - 2002 - Journal of the Philosophy of Education 36 (4):589-608.
  43.  39
    Beyond Physics? On the Prospects of Finding a Meaningful Oracle.Taner Edis & Maarten Boudry - 2014 - Foundations of Science 19 (4):403-422.
    Certain enterprises at the fringes of science, such as intelligent design creationism, claim to identify phenomena that go beyond not just our present physics but any possible physical explanation. Asking what it would take for such a claim to succeed, we introduce a version of physicalism that formulates the proposition that all available data sets are best explained by combinations of “chance and necessity”—algorithmic rules and randomness. Physicalism would then be violated by the existence of oracles that produce certain kinds (...)
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  44.  26
    How Does Rumination Impact Cognition? A First Mechanistic Model.Marieke K. Vugt & Maarten Velde - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science 10 (1):175-191.
    Rumination is a process of uncontrolled, narrowly focused negative thinking that is often self-referential, and that is a hallmark of depression. Despite its importance, little is known about its cognitive mechanisms. Rumination can be thought of as a specific, constrained form of mind-wandering. Here, we introduce a cognitive model of rumination that we developed on the basis of our existing model of mind-wandering. The rumination model implements the hypothesis that rumination is caused by maladaptive habits of thought. These habits of (...)
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  45.  3
    Unpacking Constructs: A Network Approach for Studying War Exposure, Daily Stressors and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.Maarten De Schryver, Sofie Vindevogel, Andrew E. Rasmussen & Angélique O. J. Cramer - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  46. What Makes Weird Beliefs Thrive? The Epidemiology of Pseudoscience.Maarten Boudry, Stefaan Blancke & Massimo Pigliucci - 2015 - Philosophical Psychology 28 (8):1177-1198.
    What makes beliefs thrive? In this paper, we model the dissemination of bona fide science versus pseudoscience, making use of Dan Sperber's epidemiological model of representations. Drawing on cognitive research on the roots of irrational beliefs and the institutional arrangement of science, we explain the dissemination of beliefs in terms of their salience to human cognition and their ability to adapt to specific cultural ecologies. By contrasting the cultural development of science and pseudoscience along a number of dimensions, we gain (...)
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  47. Inclusive Education for Exclusive Pupils: A Critical Analysis of the Government of the Exceptional.Maarten Simons & Jan Masschelein - 2005 - In Shelley Tremain (ed.), Foucault and the Government of Disability. University of Michigan Press. pp. 208--28.
     
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  48. Must Naive Realists Be Relationalists?Maarten Steenhagen - 2019 - European Journal of Philosophy 27 (4):1002-1015.
    Relationalism maintains that perceptual experience involves, as part of its nature, a distinctive kind of conscious perceptual relation between a subject of experience and an object of experience. Together with the claim that perceptual experience is presentational, relationalism is widely believed to be a core aspect of the naive realist outlook on perception. This is a mistake. I argue that naive realism about perception can be upheld without a commitment to relationalism.
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  49. The Fake, the Flimsy, and the Fallacious: Demarcating Arguments in Real Life.Maarten Boudry, Fabio Paglieri & Massimo Pigliucci - 2015 - Argumentation 29 (4):10.1007/s10503-015-9359-1.
    Philosophers of science have given up on the quest for a silver bullet to put an end to all pseudoscience, as such a neat formal criterion to separate good science from its contenders has proven elusive. In the literature on critical thinking and in some philosophical quarters, however, this search for silver bullets lives on in the taxonomies of fallacies. The attractive idea is to have a handy list of abstract definitions or argumentation schemes, on the basis of which one (...)
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  50.  22
    Unification and Explanation: A Comment on Halonen and Hintikka, and Schurz.Erik Weber & Maarten Van Dyck - 2002 - Synthese 131 (1):145 - 154.
    In this article we criticize two recent articles that examine the relation between explanation and unification. Halonen and Hintikka (1999), on the one hand, claim that no unification is explanation. Schurz (1999), on the other hand, claims that all explanation is unification. We give counterexamples to both claims. We propose a pluralistic approach to the problem: explanation sometimes consists in unification, but in other cases different kinds of explanation (e.g., causal explanation) are required; and none of these kinds is more (...)
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