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Summary

The two central questions explored by papers in this area are: is there attention in the absence of consciousness (unconscious attention) and is there conscious experience or awareness in the absence of attention (consciousness without attention)? The debates about the existence of unconscious attention are frequently focused on the phenomenon of blindsight, though there have also been various experiments involving normal subjects that are taken to lend support to the existence of unconscious attention. Roughly, the point of contention is whether there is anything that is both unconscious and attended, and the candidates are objects, features of objects, and locations. Change and inattentional blindness experiments are sometimes taken to show that unattended objects or features are not consciously experienced. It has also been argued on an experimental basis that some visual phenomenal experience is unaccessed, and that vision has a finer grain than attention. 

Key works Key works on unconscious attention include: Kentridge et al 2008 and Mole 2008.  Key works on consciousness without attention include: Mack & Rock 1998 who claim that there may be no explicit awareness without attention; Mole 2008 who claims that attention may not be necessary for consciousness, but only for certain kinds of thought necessary for report; Block 2007 and Block 2011, who argues that some visual phenomenal experience is unaccessed; and Block 2012, Richards 2013, Taylor 2013, and Block 2013 who debate whether vision has a finer grain than attention that results in cases in which crowded objects are seen in the periphery of the visual field despite being unattended.
Introductions Mole et al 2011 is an anthology that provides a good introduction to issues surrounding attention and consciousness.
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  1. added 2020-05-04
    Influencia de la exposición a un videojuego puzzle en los niveles de desempeño de la atención selectiva.Sergio Barrera Rodríguez - 2018-12-08 - Scientia in Verba Magazine 2 (1):110-144.
    El objetivo del presente estudio fue establecer si existen diferencias significativas respecto al uso o no del videojuego “PUZZLEPSIQUEST” en el desempeño de la atención selectiva. Para ello se utilizaron dos subpruebas de búsqueda visual, una del Neuropsi y otra del Neuropsi breve, además de dos videojuegos, Marvel vs Capcom y Puzlepsiquest. Donde se encontró que los niveles de desempeño atencional entre el grupo que realizó el entrenamiento con puzlepsiquest y el grupo que no realizó el entrenamiento, fueron significativamente diferentes (...)
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  2. added 2020-04-10
    The Relation Between Consciousness and Attention: An Empirical Study Using the Priming Paradigm.Eva Van den Bussche, Gethin Hughes, Nathalie Van Humbeeck & Bert Reynvoet - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):86-97.
    6 and 14 recently proposed taxonomies that distinguish between four processing states, based on bottom-up stimulus strength and top-down attentional amplification. The aim of the present study was to empirically test these processing states using the priming paradigm. Our results showed that attention and stimulus strength significantly modulated priming effects: either receiving top-down attention or possessing sufficient bottom-up strength was a prerequisite for a stimulus to elicit priming. When both top-down attention and sufficient bottom-up strength were present, the priming effect (...)
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  3. added 2020-04-10
    Working-Memory Capacity and the Control of Attention: The Contributions of Goal Neglect, Response Competition, and Task Set to Stroop Interference.Michael J. Kane & Randall W. Engle - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132 (1):47.
  4. added 2020-04-10
    False Predictions About the Detectability of Unexpected Visual Changes: The Role of Metamemory and Beliefs About Attention in Causing Change Blindness Blindness.D. T. Levin, S. B. Drivdahl, N. Momen & M. R. Beck - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11:507-527.
  5. added 2020-04-10
    Attention to Action and Awareness of Other Minds.Chris Frith - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (4):481-487.
    We have only limited awareness of the system by which we control our actions and this limited awareness does not seem to be concerned with the control of action. Awareness of choosing one action rather than another comes after the choice has been made, while awareness of initiating an action occurs before the movement has begun. These temporal differences bind together in consciousness the intention to act and the consequences of the action. This creates our sense of agency. Activity in (...)
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  6. added 2020-04-10
    Assessing the Duration of Memory for Information Perceived Without Awareness.S. D. Smith & P. M. Merikle - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):S65 - S66.
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  7. added 2020-04-09
    Attentional Guidance Based on a Preattentive Analysis of Emotional Expression.J. D. Eastwood, D. Smilek & P. M. Merikle - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):S53 - S53.
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  8. added 2020-04-09
    Change Detection, Attention, and the Contents of Awareness.R. Rensink & D. Simons - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):S18 - S19.
  9. added 2020-04-08
    Is Awareness a Framework for High-Level Cerebral Functions?F. Anceau - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):S98 - S99.
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  10. added 2020-04-07
    Fluctuations in Pre-Trial Attentional State and Their Influence on Goal Neglect.Nash Unsworth & Brittany D. McMillan - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 26:90-96.
    Fluctuations in attentional state and their relation to goal neglect were examined in the current study. Participants performed a variant of the Stroop task in which attentional state ratings were given prior to each trial. It was found that pre-trial attentional state ratings predicted subsequent trial performance, such that when participants rated their current attentional state as highly focused on the current task, performance tended to be high compared to when participants reported their current attentional state as being unfocused on (...)
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  11. added 2020-04-07
    Attentional Load and the Consciousness of One’s Own Name.Szu-Hung Lin & Yei-Yu Yeh - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 26:197-203.
    We investigated how the location of one’s own name in a visual display influences its conscious awareness using recall and recognition tests in an inattentional blindness paradigm. The participant’s own name or another person’s name appeared unexpectedly in the center or the periphery of the display during a critical trial under low- or high-attentional search load. The results showed that the majority of participants detected their names under low load regardless of location and test method. Under high load, the majority (...)
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  12. added 2020-04-07
    Even “Unconscious Thought” is Influenced by Attentional Mechanisms.Narayanan Srinivasan & Sumitava Mukherjee - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (1):40-41.
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  13. added 2020-04-07
    Visual-Attention Shifts and Response Selection Queuing-Distinct Attentional Mechanisms.H. Pashler - 1989 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (6):530-530.
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  14. added 2020-04-07
    Spatial Attention and the Apprehension of Spatial Relations.Gd Logan - 1989 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (6):507-507.
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  15. added 2020-04-06
    The Roles of Cortical Oscillations in Sustained Attention.Michael S. Clayton, Nick Yeung & Roi Cohen Kadosh - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (4):188-195.
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  16. added 2020-04-05
    Is Attentional Prioritization on a Location Where Pain is Expected Modality-Specific or Multisensory?Charlotte Vanden Bulcke, Geert Crombez, Wouter Durnez & Stefaan Van Damme - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 36:246-255.
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  17. added 2020-04-05
    Asymmetries in Spatial Perception Are More Prevalent Under Explicit Than Implicit Attention.Benjamin Noël, John van der Kamp, Matthias Weigelt & Daniel Memmert - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 34:10-15.
  18. added 2020-04-05
    Examining the Relationship Between Skilled Music Training and Attention.Xiao Wang, Lynn Ossher & Patricia A. Reuter-Lorenz - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 36:169-179.
  19. added 2020-04-05
    Meta-Awareness and the Involuntary Memory Spectrum: Reply to Meyer, Otgaar, and Smeets.Melanie K. T. Takarangi, D. Stephen Lindsay & Deryn Strange - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 34:1-3.
  20. added 2020-03-31
    Can the Mind Wander Intentionally?Samuel Murray & Kristina Krasich - unknown - Mind and Language:1-22.
    Mind wandering is typically operationalized as task-unrelated thought. Some argue for the need to distinguish between unintentional and intentional mind wandering, where an agent voluntarily shifts attention from task-related to task-unrelated thoughts. We reveal an inconsistency between the standard, task-unrelated thought definition of mind wandering and the occurrence of intentional mind wandering (together with plausible assumptions about tasks and intentions). This suggests that either the standard definition of mind wandering should be rejected or that intentional mind wandering is an incoherent (...)
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  21. added 2020-02-13
    Selecting Category Specific Visual Information: Top-Down and Bottom-Up Control of Object Based Attention.Corrado Corradi-Dell’Acqua, Gereon R. Fink & Ralph Weidner - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 35:330-341.
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  22. added 2020-02-12
    Consciousness Wanted, Attention Found: Reasons for the Advantage of the Left Visual Field in Identifying T2 Among Rapidly Presented Series.Rolf Verleger & Kamila Śmigasiewicz - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 35:260-273.
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  23. added 2020-02-12
    Exogenous Attention to Unseen Objects?Liam J. Norman, Charles A. Heywood & Robert W. Kentridge - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 35:319-329.
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  24. added 2020-02-12
    A Dissociation Between Selective Attention and Conscious Awareness in the Representation of Temporal Order Information.Martin Eimer & Anna Grubert - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 35:274-281.
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  25. added 2020-02-12
    S-Ketamine Influences Strategic Allocation of Attention but Not Exogenous Capture of Attention.Isabella Fuchs, Ulrich Ansorge, Christoph Huber-Huber, Anna Höflich & Rupert Lanzenberger - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 35:282-294.
  26. added 2020-02-11
    Parietal Theta Burst TMS: Functional Fractionation Observed During Bistable Perception Not Evident in Attention Tasks.Georg Schauer, Ryota Kanai & Jan W. Brascamp - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 40:105-115.
  27. added 2020-02-11
    Attentional Cueing Induces False Memory.Kiyofumi Miyoshi & Hiroshi Ashida - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 43:66-74.
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  28. added 2020-02-10
    A Neural Theory of Visual Attention: Bridging Cognition and Neurophysiology.Claus Bundesen, Thomas Habekost & Soren Kyllingsbæk - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (2):291-328.
  29. added 2020-02-03
    Introspective Access to Implicit Shifts of Attention.Gabriel Reyes & Jérôme Sackur - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 48:11-20.
  30. added 2020-02-03
    Scene Incongruity and Attention.Arien Mack, Jason Clarke, Muge Erol & John Bert - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 48:87-103.
  31. added 2020-02-03
    Interoception and Gender: What Aspects Should We Pay Attention To?Aida Grabauskaitė, Mindaugas Baranauskas & Inga Griškova-Bulanova - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 48:129-137.
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  32. added 2020-02-03
    Perception of Ensemble Statistics Requires Attention.Molly Jackson-Nielsen, Michael A. Cohen & Michael A. Pitts - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 48:149-160.
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  33. added 2020-02-03
    Attention Capture Without Awareness in a Non-Spatial Selection Task.Chris Oriet, Mamata Pandey & Jun-Ichiro Kawahara - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 48:117-128.
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  34. added 2020-02-03
    Context-Specific Attentional Sampling: Intentional Control as a Pre-Requisite for Contextual Control.Nicholaus P. Brosowsky & Matthew J. C. Crump - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 44:146-160.
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  35. added 2020-02-03
    Music Chills: The Eye Pupil as a Mirror to Music’s Soul.Bruno Laeng, Lise Mette Eidet, Unni Sulutvedt & Jaak Panksepp - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 44:161-178.
  36. added 2020-02-03
    Visual Attention and Temporal Binding.Frank Bauer - unknown
  37. added 2020-01-31
    Attention, Awareness, and the Triangular Circuit ☆.David LaBerge - 1997 - Consciousness and Cognition 6 (2-3):149-181.
    It is proposed that attention to an object requires the simultaneous activity of three brain regions that are interconnected by a triangular circuit. The regions are the cortical site of attentional expression, the thalamic enhancement structure, and the prefrontal area of control. It is also proposed that awareness of an object requires the additional component of attention directed to a representation of the self. The expression of attention to a self-representation may involve activations of cortical sites corresponding to the body (...)
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  38. added 2020-01-31
    Eye Movements and Attention ☆ ☆☆.A. Heijden & S. Bem - 1997 - Consciousness and Cognition 6 (2-3):437-440.
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  39. added 2020-01-31
    Successive Approximations to an Adequate Model of Attention ☆.A. van der Heijden & S. Bern - 1997 - Consciousness and Cognition 6 (2-3):413-428.
    Everybody knows the phenomena summarized with the term attention: concentration, focalization, limitation, selection, and intensification. The explanation of these phenomena is, however, a different matter. Problems easily arise with regard towhathas to be explained and with regard to thestyleof explanation. A problem of the first kind is the “methodology of ‘bad focus’”: the explanation starts with and is fixated on an intuitively striking but nonessential behavioral feature or cognitive achievement. A problem of the second kind is a “virtus dormitiva” explanation: (...)
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  40. added 2020-01-28
    Attention in the Predictive Mind.Madeleine Ransom, Sina Fazelpour & Christopher Mole - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 47:99-112.
    It has recently become popular to suggest that cognition can be explained as a process of Bayesian prediction error minimization. Some advocates of this view propose that attention should be understood as the optimization of expected precisions in the prediction-error signal (Clark, 2013, 2016; Feldman & Friston, 2010; Hohwy, 2012, 2013). This proposal successfully accounts for several attention-related phenomena. We claim that it cannot account for all of them, since there are certain forms of voluntary attention that it cannot accommodate. (...)
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  41. added 2020-01-28
    Selective Attention Meets Spontaneous Recognition Memory: Evidence for Effects at Retrieval.Katherine C. Moen, Jeremy K. Miller & Marianne E. Lloyd - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 49:181-189.
  42. added 2020-01-27
    The Influence of Performance on Action-Effect Integration in Sense of Agency.Wen Wen, Atsushi Yamashita & Hajime Asama - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 53:89-98.
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  43. added 2020-01-27
    Expectation Creates Something Out of Nothing: The Role of Attention in Iconic Memory Reconsidered.Jaan Aru & Talis Bachmann - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 53:203-210.
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  44. added 2020-01-27
    Predictions, Precision, and Agentive Attention.Andy Clark - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 56:115-119.
    The use of forward models is well established in cognitive and computational neuroscience. We compare and contrast two recent, but interestingly divergent, accounts of the place of forward models in the human cognitive architecture. On the Auxiliary Forward Model account, forward models are special-purpose prediction mechanisms implemented by additional circuitry distinct from core mechanisms of perception and action. On the Integral Forward Model account, forward models lie at the heart of all forms of perception and action. We compare these neighbouring (...)
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  45. added 2020-01-27
    The Influence of Focused-Attention Meditation States on the Cognitive Control of Sequence Learning.Russell W. Chan, Maarten A. Immink & Kurt Lushington - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 55:11-25.
  46. added 2020-01-27
    Attention and the Sense of Agency: A Review and Some Thoughts on the Matter.Nicholas Hon - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 56:30-36.
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  47. added 2020-01-27
    Dispositional Mindfulness and the Wandering Mind: Implications for Attentional Control in Older Adults.Stephanie Fountain-Zaragoza, Allison Londerée, Patrick Whitmoyer & Ruchika Shaurya Prakash - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 44:193-204.
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  48. added 2020-01-27
    Attentional Bias to Pain-Relevant Body Locations: New Methods, New Challenges.Van Damme Stefaan, Vanden Bulcke Charlotte, Durnez Wouter & Crombez Geert - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 43:128-132.
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  49. added 2020-01-23
    Interplay Between Supramodal Attentional Control and Capacity Limits in the Low-Level Visual Processors Modulate the Tendency to Inattention.Massimiliano Papera & Anne Richards - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 54:72-88.
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  50. added 2020-01-23
    Understanding the Coherence of the Severity Effect and Optimism Phenomena: Lessons From Attention.Adam J. L. Harris - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 50:30-44.
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