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Robert T. Knight [13]Rob Knight [11]Robert Knight [1]Robin D. Knight [1]
Robert S. Knight [1]
  1. Measuring Causal Specificity.Paul E. Griffiths, Arnaud Pocheville, Brett Calcott, Karola Stotz, Hyunju Kim & Rob Knight - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (4):529-555.
    Several authors have argued that causes differ in the degree to which they are ‘specific’ to their effects. Woodward has used this idea to enrich his influential interventionist theory of causal explanation. Here we propose a way to measure causal specificity using tools from information theory. We show that the specificity of a causal variable is not well-defined without a probability distribution over the states of that variable. We demonstrate the tractability and interest of our proposed measure by measuring the (...)
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  2.  96
    The functional role of cross-frequency coupling.Ryan T. Canolty & Robert T. Knight - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (11):506-515.
  3. How biologists conceptualize genes: an empirical study.Karola Stotz, Paul E. Griffiths & Rob Knight - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 35 (4):647-673.
    Philosophers and historians of biology have argued that genes are conceptualized differently in different fields of biology and that these differences influence both the conduct of research and the interpretation of research by audiences outside the field in which the research was conducted. In this paper we report the results of a questionnaire study of how genes are conceptualized by biological scientists at the University of Sydney, Australia. The results provide tentative support for some hypotheses about conceptual differences between different (...)
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  4. What is the developmentalist challenge?Paul E. Griffiths & Robin D. Knight - 1998 - Philosophy of Science 65 (2):253-258.
    Kenneth C. Schaffner's paper is an important contribution to the literature on behavioral genetics and on genetics in general. Schaffner has a long record of injecting real molecular biology into philosophical discussions of genetics. His treatments of the reduction of Mendelian to molecular genetics first drew philosophical attention to the problems of detail that have fuelled both anti-reductionism and more sophisticated models of theory reduction. An injection of molecular detail into discussions of genetics is particularly necessary at the present time, (...)
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  5.  27
    How biologists conceptualize genes: an empirical study.Karola Stotz, Paul E. Griffiths & Rob Knight - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 35 (4):647-673.
    Philosophers and historians of biology have argued that genes are conceptualized differently in different fields of biology and that these differences influence both the conduct of research and the interpretation of research by audiences outside the field in which the research was conducted. In this paper we report the results of a questionnaire study of how genes are conceptualized by biological scientists at the University of Sydney, Australia. The results provide tentative support for some hypotheses about conceptual differences between different (...)
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  6. Multilevel Research Strategies and Biological Systems.Maureen A. O’Malley, Ingo Brigandt, Alan C. Love, John W. Crawford, Jack A. Gilbert, Rob Knight, Sandra D. Mitchell & Forest Rohwer - 2014 - Philosophy of Science 81 (5):811-828.
    Multilevel research strategies characterize contemporary molecular inquiry into biological systems. We outline conceptual, methodological, and explanatory dimensions of these multilevel strategies in microbial ecology, systems biology, protein research, and developmental biology. This review of emerging lines of inquiry in these fields suggests that multilevel research in molecular life sciences has significant implications for philosophical understandings of explanation, modeling, and representation.
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  7.  66
    Principles of Frontal Lobe Function.Donald T. Stuss & Robert T. Knight (eds.) - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    This book is intended to be a standard reference work on the frontal lobes for researchers, clinicians, and students in the fields of neurology, neuroscience, ...
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  8.  69
    From molecules to dynamic biological communities.Daniel McDonald, Yoshiki Vázquez-Baeza, William A. Walters, J. Gregory Caporaso & Rob Knight - 2013 - Biology and Philosophy 28 (2):241-259.
    Microbial ecology is flourishing, and in the process, is making contributions to how the ecology and biology of large organisms is understood. Ongoing advances in sequencing technology and computational methods have enabled the collection and analysis of vast amounts of molecular data from diverse biological communities. While early studies focused on cataloguing microbial biodiversity in environments ranging from simple marine ecosystems to complex soil ecologies, more recent research is concerned with community functions and their dynamics over time. Models and concepts (...)
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  9.  87
    Reports of the death of the Gene are greatly exaggerated.Rob Knight - 2007 - Biology and Philosophy 22 (2):293-306.
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  10. Escape from linear time: Prefrontal cortex and conscious experience.Robert T. Knight & M. Grabowecky - 1995 - In Michael S. Gazzaniga (ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences. MIT Press.
  11.  20
    The RNA Ontology (RNAO): an ontology for integrating RNA sequence and structure data.Robert Hoehndorf, Colin Batchelor, Thomas Bittner, Michel Dumontier, Karen Eilbeck, Rob Knight, Chris J. Mungall, Jane S. Richardson, Jesse Stombaugh & Eric Westhof - 2011 - Applied ontology 6 (1):53-89.
  12.  19
    Histone acetylation and an epigenetic code.Nick G. C. Smith, Robert Knight & Laurence D. Hurst - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (9):836-845.
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  13.  56
    Effect of Aging on Change of Intention.Ariel Furstenberg, Callum D. Dewar, Haim Sompolinsky, Robert T. Knight & Leon Y. Deouell - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  14. The role of the self process in embodied machine consciousness.Owen Holland, Rob Knight & Richard Newcombe - 2007 - In Antonio Chella & Riccardo Manzotti (eds.), Artificial Consciousness. Imprint Academic. pp. 156-173.
  15.  21
    Replenishing our defensive microbes.Luke K. Ursell, William Van Treuren, Jessica L. Metcalf, Meg Pirrung, Andrew Gewirtz & Rob Knight - 2013 - Bioessays 35 (9):810-817.
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  16.  10
    Differential Processing of Consonance and Dissonance within the Human Superior Temporal Gyrus.Francine Foo, David King-Stephens, Peter Weber, Kenneth Laxer, Josef Parvizi & Robert T. Knight - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  17.  9
    Life Through A Microbial Lens.Susan Spath, Maureen O’Malley, Jesse Zaneveld, Rob Knight & Carl Zimmer - 2009 - Metascience 18 (2):179-205.
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  18.  6
    Cancer's second genome: Microbial cancer diagnostics and redefining clonal evolution as a multispecies process.Gregory D. Sepich-Poore, Caitlin Guccione, Lucie Laplane, Thomas Pradeu, Kit Curtius & Rob Knight - 2022 - Bioessays 44 (5):2100252.
    The presence and role of microbes in human cancers has come full circle in the last century. Tumors are no longer considered aseptic, but implications for cancer biology and oncology remain underappreciated. Opportunities to identify and build translational diagnostics, prognostics, and therapeutics that exploit cancer's second genome—the metagenome—are manifold, but require careful consideration of microbial experimental idiosyncrasies that are distinct from host-centric methods. Furthermore, the discoveries of intracellular and intra-metastatic cancer bacteria necessitate fundamental changes in describing clonal evolution and selection, (...)
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  19. Prefrontal cortex: the present and the future.Robert T. Knight & Donald T. Stuss - 2002 - In Donald T. Stuss & Robert T. Knight (eds.), Principles of Frontal Lobe Function. Oxford University Press. pp. 573--597.
     
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  20.  6
    Sustained attention and prediction: distinct brain maturation trajectories during adolescence.Alix Thillay, Sylvie Roux, Valérie Gissot, Isabelle Carteau-Martin, Robert T. Knight, Frédérique Bonnet-Brilhault & Aurélie Bidet-Caulet - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  21.  75
    Theoretical sequelae of a chronic neglect and unawareness of prefrontotectal pathways in the human brain.Francisco Barceló & Robert T. Knight - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):83-85.
    Attention research with prefrontal patients supports Merker's argument regarding the crucial role for the midbrain in higher cognition, through largely overlooked and misunderstood prefrontotectal connectivity. However, information theoretic analyses reveal that both exogenous (i.e., collicular) and endogenous (prefrontal) sources of information are responsible for large-scale context-sensitive brain dynamics, with prefrontal cortex being at the top of the hierarchy for cognitive control. (Published Online May 1 2007).
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  22.  65
    Consciousness unchained: Ethical issues and the vegetative and minimally conscious state.Robert T. Knight - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (9):1 – 2.
  23.  14
    Behavioral and EEG Evidence for Auditory Memory Suppression.Maya E. Cano & Robert T. Knight - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  24.  9
    Task-related activity in sensorimotor cortex in Parkinson's disease and essential tremor: changes in beta and gamma bands.Nathan C. Rowland, Coralie De Hemptinne, Nicole C. Swann, Salman Qasim, Svjetlana Miocinovic, Jill L. Ostrem, Robert T. Knight & Philip A. Starr - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  25.  4
    Preservation of Interference Effects in Working Memory After Orbitofrontal Damage.Anaïs Llorens, Ingrid Funderud, Alejandro O. Blenkmann, James Lubell, Maja Foldal, Sabine Leske, Rene Huster, Torstein R. Meling, Robert T. Knight, Anne-Kristin Solbakk & Tor Endestad - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  26.  16
    The neural substrates of recollection and familiarity.Andrew P. Yonelinas, Neal E. A. Kroll, Ian G. Dobbins, Michele Lazzara & Robert T. Knight - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):468-469.
    Aggleton & Brown argue that a hippocampal-anterior thalamic system supports the “recollection” of contextual information about previous events, and that a separate perirhinal-medial dorsal thalamic system supports detection of stimulus “familiarity.” Although there is a growing body of human literature that is in agreement with these claims, when recollection and familiarity have been examined in amnesics using the process dissociation or the remember/know procedures, the results do not seem to provide consistent support. We reexamine these studies and describe the results (...)
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