Search results for 'Physics Influence' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  4
    Tricia Bertram Gallant, Michael G. Anderson & Christine Killoran (2013). Academic Integrity in a Mandatory Physics Lab: The Influence of Post-Graduate Aspirations and Grade Point Averages. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):219-235.
    Research on academic cheating by high school students and undergraduates suggests that many students will do whatever it takes, including violating ethical classroom standards, to not be left behind or to race to the top. This behavior may be exacerbated among pre-med and pre-health professional school students enrolled in laboratory classes because of the typical disconnect between these students, their instructors and the perceived legitimacy of the laboratory work. There is little research, however, that has investigated the relationship between high (...)
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  2. Tricia Bertram Gallant, Michael G. Anderson & Christine Killoran (2013). Academic Integrity in a Mandatory Physics Lab: The Influence of Post-Graduate Aspirations and Grade Point Averages. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):219-235.
    Research on academic cheating by high school students and undergraduates suggests that many students will do whatever it takes, including violating ethical classroom standards, to not be left behind or to race to the top. This behavior may be exacerbated among pre-med and pre-health professional school students enrolled in laboratory classes because of the typical disconnect between these students, their instructors and the perceived legitimacy of the laboratory work. There is little research, however, that has investigated the relationship between high (...)
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  3.  36
    Paul Pojman (2011). The Influence of Biology and Psychology Upon Physics: Ernst Mach Revisited. Perspectives on Science 19 (2):121-135.
    The frequent excursions which I have made into this province have all sprung from the profound conviction that the foundations of science as a whole, and of physics in particular, await their next greatest elucidations from the side of biology, and especially, from the analysis of the sensations.Science stands thus in the midst of the natural process of evolution, and she can guide evolution in the proper direction and help it along, but never replace it.A broad foundation is laid (...)
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  4.  16
    Murad D. Akhundov (2005). Social Influence on Physics and Mathematics: Local or Attributive? [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 36 (1):135 - 149.
    The article is devoted to the nature of science. To what extent are science and mathematics affected by the society in which they are developed? Philosophy of science has accepted the social influence on science, but limits it only to the context of discovery (a "locational" approach). An opposite "attributive" approach states that any part of science may be so influenced. L. Graham is sure that even the mathematical equations at the core of fundamental physical theories may display social (...)
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  5.  19
    Zahra Hazari, Robert H. Tai & Philip M. Sadler (2007). Gender Differences in Introductory University Physics Performance: The Influence of High School Physics Preparation and Affective Factors. Science Education 91 (6):847-876.
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  6.  6
    Mendel Sachs (1970). Positivism, Realism, and Existentialism in Mach's Influence on Contemporary Physics. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 30 (3):403-420.
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  7.  1
    Murad D. Akhundov (2005). Social Influence on Physics and Mathematics: Local or Attributive? Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 36 (1):135-149.
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  8.  2
    Han Baltussen & R. W. Sharples (2000). Theophrastus of Eresus: Sources for His Life, Writings, Thought and Influence. Commentary Vol. 3.1, Sources on Physics. Journal of Hellenic Studies 120:169.
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  9.  1
    Susan M. Stocklmayer & David F. Treagust (1994). A Historical Analysis of Electric Currents in Textbooks: A Century of Influence on Physics Education. Science and Education 3 (2):131-154.
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  10.  5
    George Boys-Stones (2001). Theophrastus R. W. Sharples: Theophrastus of Eresus. Sources for His Life, Writings, Thought and Influence. Commentary Volume 3.1. Sources on Physics (Texts 137–223) . With Contributions on the Arabic Material by Dimitri Gutas. Pp. Xvii + 302. Leiden, Boston, and Cologne: Brill, 1998. Cased, $97. ISBN: 90-04-11130-1. P. Huby: Theophrastus of Eresus. Sources for His Life, Writings, Thought and Influence. Commentary Volume 4. Psychology (Texts 265–327) . With Contributions on the Arabic Material by Dimitri Gutas. Pp. Xvii + 252. Leiden, Boston, and Cologne: Brill, 1999. Cased, $86. ISBN: 90-04-11317-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 51 (01):31-.
  11. De Laeter Jr (1989). The Influence of American and British Thought on Australian Physics Education. Science Education 73 (4):445-457.
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  12. Lewis Pyenson (1980). Einstein. A Centenary ExhibitionPaul Forman Paul HanleAlbert Einstein in Berlin 1913-1933Christa Kirsten Hans-Jurgen TrederImages of Einstein: A CatalogueJoan WarnowEinstein 1897-1979. ExhibitionYehuda Elkana Adi OphirEinstein. A Centenary VolumeA. P. FrenchAlbert Einstein. His Influence on Physics, Philosophy and PoliticsP. C. Aichelburg R. U. Sexl. [REVIEW] Isis 71 (2):356-359.
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  13. Leonard Shlain (1991). Art & Physics: Parallel Visions in Space, Time, and Light. Quill/W. Morrow.
    Art interprets the visible world, physics charts its unseen workings--making the two realms seem completely opposed. But in Art & Physics, Leonard Shlain tracks their breakthroughs side by side throughout history to reveal an astonishing correlation of visions. From teh classical Greek sculptors to Andy Warhol and Jasper Johns, and from Aristotle to Einstein, aritsts have foreshadowed the discoveries of scientists, such as when Money and Cezanne intuited the coming upheaval in physics that Einstein would initiate. In (...)
     
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  14.  12
    J. R. Leibowitz (2008). Hidden Harmony: The Connected Worlds of Physics and Art. Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Most "art and science" books focus on the science of perspective or the psychology of perception. Hidden Harmony does not. Instead, the book addresses the surprising common ground between physics and art from a novel and personal perspective. Viewing the two disciplines as creative processes, J. R. Leibowitz supplements existing and original research with illustrations to demonstrate that physics and art share guiding aesthetics and compositional demands and to show how each speaks meaningfully to the other. Leibowitz widens (...)
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  15.  12
    Robert Nadeau (1999). The Non-Local Universe: The New Physics and Matters of the Mind. Oxford University Press.
    Classical physics states that physical reality is local--a point in space cannot influence another point beyond a relatively short distance. However, In 1997, experiments were conducted in which light particles originated under certain conditions and traveled in opposite directions to detectors located about seven miles apart. The amazing results indicated that the photons "interacted" or "communicated" with one another instantly or "in no time." Since a distance of seven miles is quite vast in quantum physics, this led (...)
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  16.  8
    James T. Cushing (1998). Philosophical Concepts in Physics: The Historical Relation Between Philosophy and Scientific Theories. Cambridge University Press.
    This book examines a selection of philosophical issues in the context of specific episodes in the development of physical theories. Advances in science are presented against the historical and philosophical backgrounds in which they occurred. A major aim is to impress upon the reader the essential role that philosophical considerations have played in the actual practice of science. The book begins with some necessary introduction to the history of ancient and early modern science, with major emphasis being given to the (...)
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  17.  9
    Mary B. Hesse (1961). Forces and Fields: The Concept of Action at a Distance in the History of Physics. Dover Publications.
    This history of physics focuses on the question, "How do bodies act on one another across space?" The variety of answers illustrates the function of fundamental analogies or models in physics as well as the role of so-called unobservable entities. Forces and Fields presents an in-depth look at the science of ancient Greece, and it examines the influence of antique philosophy on seventeenth-century thought. Additional topics embrace many elements of modern physics--the empirical basis of quantum mechanics, (...)
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  18.  18
    D. L. Schumacher (1974). Fundamental Physics and Instrumental Technology. Foundations of Physics 4 (4):481-497.
    The working situation prevailing in theoretical and experimental physics today is held to be inseparable from the interpretation of quantum theory, and constitutes an embodiment of its implicit difficulties. Such an understanding of the present situation in fundamental physics provides a quite different basis for ideas than the formulation of alternative courses of action (experiments) or alternative forms of knowledge (theories), which proceeds from the belief in a full separation of theory from experiment in this field. It is (...)
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  19. Robert DiSalle (2006). Understanding Space-Time: The Philosophical Development of Physics From Newton to Einstein. Cambridge University Press.
    Presenting the history of space-time physics, from Newton to Einstein, as a philosophical development DiSalle reflects our increasing understanding of the connections between ideas of space and time and our physical knowledge. He suggests that philosophy's greatest impact on physics has come about, less by the influence of philosophical hypotheses, than by the philosophical analysis of concepts of space, time, and motion and the roles they play in our assumptions about physical objects and physical measurements. This way (...)
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  20.  7
    Gregory Radick (2011). Physics in the Galtonian Sciences of Heredity. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 42 (2):129-138.
    Physics matters less than we once thought to the making of Mendel. But it matters more than we tend to recognize to the making of Mendelism. This paper charts the variety of ways in which diverse kinds of physics impinged upon the Galtonian tradition which formed Mendelism’s matrix. The work of three Galtonians in particular is considered: Francis Galton himself, W. F. R. Weldon and William Bateson. One aim is to suggest that tracking influence from physics (...)
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  21. Katherine Brading & Elena Castellani, Symmetries and Invariances in Classical Physics.
    Symmetry, intended as invariance with respect to a transformation (more precisely, with respect to a transformation group), has acquired more and more importance in modern physics. This Chapter explores in 8 Sections the meaning, application and interpretation of symmetry in classical physics. This is done both in general, and with attention to specific topics. The general topics include illustration of the distinctions between symmetries of objects and of laws, and between symmetry principles and symmetry arguments (such as Curie's (...)
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  22.  11
    Sonja Smets (2005). The Modes of Physical Properties in the Logical Foundations of Physics. Logic and Logical Philosophy 14 (1):37-53.
    We present a conceptual analysis of the notions of actual physical property and potential physical property as used by theoretical physicists/mathematicians working in the domain of operational quantum logic. We investigate how these notions are being used today and what role they play in the specified field of research. In order to do so, we will give a brief introduction to this area of research and explain it as a part of the discipline known as “mathematical metascience”. An in depth (...)
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  23.  50
    D. Dieks (2001). Space and Time in Particle and Field Physics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 32 (2):217-241.
    Textbooks present classical particle and field physics as theories of physical systems situated in Newtonian absolute space. This absolute space has an influence on the evolution of physical processes, and can therefore be seen as a physical system itself; it is substantival. It turns out to be possible, however, to interpret the classical theories in another way. According to this rival interpretation, spatiotemporal position is a property of physical systems, and there is no substantival spacetime. The traditional objection (...)
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  24.  1
    Daniel McKaughan (2005). The Influence of Niels Bohr on Max Delbrück: Revisiting the Hopes Inspired by “Light and Life”. Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 96:507-529.
    The impact of Niels Bohr’s 1932 “Light and Life” lecture on Max Delbrück’s lifelong search for a form of “complementarity” in biology is well documented and much discussed, but the precise nature of that influence remains subject to misunderstanding. The standard reading, which sees Delbrück’s transition from physics into biology as inspired by the hope that investigation of biological phenomena might lead to a breakthrough discovery of new laws of physics, is colored much more by Erwin Schrödinger’s (...)
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  25.  17
    Rinat M. Nugayev (2012). Influence of Christian Weltanschaugung on the Genesis of Modern Science. Religion Studies (3):1-14.
    Origins of the Copernican Revolution that led to modern science genesis can be explained only by the joint influence of external and internal factors. The author tries to take this influence into account with a help of his own growth of knowledge model according to which the growth of science consists in interaction, interpenetration and unification of various scientific research programmes spreading from different cultural milieux. Copernican Revolution consisted in revealation and elimination of the gap between Ptolemy’s mathematical (...)
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  26.  23
    Kristina Rolin (1999). Can Gender Ideologies Influence the Practice of the Physical Sciences? Perspectives on Science 7 (4):510-533.
    : As a response to the critics of feminist science studies I argue that it is possible to formulate empirical hypotheses about gender ideology in the practice of the physical sciences without (1) reinforcing stereotypes about women and mathematical sciences or (2) assuming at the outset that the area of physics under investigation is methodologically suspect. I will then critically evaluate two case studies of gender ideology in the practice of the physical sciences. The case studies fail to show (...)
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  27.  2
    Crosbie Smith (2006). 'Mechanical Philosophy' and the Emergence of Physics in Britain: 1800–1850. Annals of Science 33 (1):3-29.
    In the late eighteenth century Newton's Principia was studied in the Scottish universities under the influence of the local school of ‘Common Sense’ philosophy. John Robison, holding the key chair of natural philosophy at Edinburgh from 1774 to 1805, provided a new conception of ‘mechanical philosophy’ which proved crucial to the emergence of physics in nineteenth century Britain. At Cambridge the emphasis on ‘mixed mathematics’ was taken to a new level of refinement and application by the introduction of (...)
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  28.  31
    Peter Mittelstaedt (2010). On the Meaning of the Constant "C" in Modern Physics. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 41 (1):45 - 53.
    In modern physics, the constant "c" plays a twofold role. On the one hand, "c" is the well known velocity of light in an empty Minkowskian space—time, on the other hand "c" is a characteristic number of Special Relativity that governs the Lorentz transformation and its consequences for the measurements of space—time intervals. We ask for the interrelations between these two, at first sight different meanings of "c". The conjecture that the value of "c" has any influence on (...)
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  29. Lindsay Judson (ed.) (1995). Aristotle's Physics: A Collection of Essays. Clarendon Press.
    Aristotle's Physics is a work of extraordinary intellectual power which has had a profound influence on scientists and philosophers throughout the ages, and on the development of physics itself. This collection of major, previously unpublished, essays by leading Aristotelian scholars examines a wide range of major issues in the Physics and other related works. They offer fresh approaches to Aristotle's work and important new interpretations of his thought.
     
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  30.  3
    John O. Nelson (1982). Does Physics Lead to Berkeley?: John O. Nelson. Philosophy 57 (219):91-103.
    Russell said that physics drove him to a position not unlike that of Berkeley —by which he meant subjectivism or solipsism. ‘As regards metaphysics’, he tells us in his Autobiography , ‘when, under the influence of Moore, I first threw off the belief in German idealism, I experienced the delight of believing that the sensible world is real. Bit by bit, chiefly under the influence of physics, this delight has faded, and I have been driven to (...)
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  31.  12
    Jürgen Sarnowsky (1999). Place and Space in Albert of Saxony's Commentaries on the Physics. Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 9 (1):25.
    Albert of Saxony, master of Arts at Paris from 1351 until 1361/62, has left two commentaries on the Physics of Aristotle. Since he was well aware of the tradition, his writings may serve for an analysis of the transmision of ideas from the ancient and Arabic philosophers into the fourteenth century. In this paper, this is exemplified by the problems of place and space, especially by those of the definition of place and of the immobility of place, of natural (...)
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  32.  4
    Dong-Won Kim (2006). The Emergence of Theoretical Physics in Japan: Japanese Physics Community Between the Two World Wars. Annals of Science 52 (4):383-402.
    The paper aims to show how Japanese theoretical physics groups emerged between the First and Second World Wars. First, it will be argued that by the early 1930s the Japanese physics community had been predominantly inclined towards experimental physics and that several academic, cultural, and social factors had worked for the maintenance of this status quo. Next, how the situation slowly changed during the early 1930s, and how the young theoretical physicists successfully established a bridgehead during the (...)
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  33.  10
    Gerald Holton (2006). Philipp Frank at Harvard University: His Work and His Influence. Synthese 153 (2):297 - 311.
    The physicist–philosopher Philipp Frank’s work and influence, especially during his last three decades, when he found a refuge and a position in America, deserve more discussion than has been the case so far. In what follows, I hope I may call him Philipp – having been first a graduate student in one of his courses at Harvard University, then his teaching assistant sharing his offices, then for many years his colleague and friend in the same Physics Department, and (...)
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  34. Robert DiSalle (2009). Understanding Space-Time: The Philosophical Development of Physics From Newton to Einstein. Cambridge University Press.
    Presenting the history of space-time physics, from Newton to Einstein, as a philosophical development DiSalle reflects our increasing understanding of the connections between ideas of space and time and our physical knowledge. He suggests that philosophy's greatest impact on physics has come about, less by the influence of philosophical hypotheses, than by the philosophical analysis of concepts of space, time and motion, and the roles they play in our assumptions about physical objects and physical measurements. This way (...)
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  35. Robert DiSalle (2008). Understanding Space-Time: The Philosophical Development of Physics From Newton to Einstein. Cambridge University Press.
    Presenting the history of space-time physics, from Newton to Einstein, as a philosophical development DiSalle reflects our increasing understanding of the connections between ideas of space and time and our physical knowledge. He suggests that philosophy's greatest impact on physics has come about, less by the influence of philosophical hypotheses, than by the philosophical analysis of concepts of space, time and motion, and the roles they play in our assumptions about physical objects and physical measurements. This way (...)
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  36. Jones Jeans (2008). Today and Tomorrow Volume 9 Science and Medicine: Eos or the Wider Aspects of Cosmogony Hermes, or the Future of Chemistry Sybilla, or the Revival of Prophecy Archimedes or the Future of Physics. Routledge.
    Eos or the Wider Aspects of Cosmogony J H Jeans Originally published in 1928 "A fascinating summary of his tremendous conclusions…" Times Literary Supplement "No book in the series surpasses Eos in brilliance and profundity…" Is this universe permanent or transitory? If transitory, is it near its end or just beginning? Is life common or rare? Where does life stand in relation t the stupendous mass of inert matter? These and other issues are lucidly dealt with in this book. 80pp, (...)
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  37. A. Kalas (2002). The Influence of Cynicism on Stoicism. Filozofia 57 (6):405-430.
    The paper gives an outline of the Socratic Cynic school and its influence on Stoicism. In its first part the author gives a general characteristics of Cynicism of the 4th century B. C., showing, that the Cynic movment was based on the presupposition of an absolute incompatibility of virtue with the laws of polis. From the doxographical materials available it shows the basic characteristics of the Cynic virtue, such as self-sufficiency, the importance of physical work, stressing the poverty, a (...)
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  38. Peter Machamer & Gereon Wolters (eds.) (2007). Thinking About Causes: From Greek Philosophy to Modern Physics. University of Pittsburgh Press.
    Emerging as a hot topic in the mid-twentieth century, causality is one of the most frequently discussed issues in contemporary philosophy. Causality has been a central concept in philosophy as well as in the sciences, especially the natural sciences, dating back to its beginning in Greek thought. David Hume famously claimed that causality is the cement of the universe. In general terms, it links eventualities, predicts the consequences of action, and is the cognitive basis for the acquisition and the use (...)
     
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  39. Tomasz Bigaj & Christian Wüthrich (eds.) (2015). Metaphysics in Contemporary Physics. Brill | Rodopi.
    The book _Metaphysics in Contemporary Physics_ offers various perspectives on the relation and mutual influence between modern physical theories and analytic metaphysics.
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  40.  67
    C. W. Rietdijk & F. Selleri (1985). Proof of a Quantum Mechanical Nonlocal Influence. Foundations of Physics 15 (3):303-317.
    First it is proved that, in a deterministic theory, Malus' law requires that, if a photon is successively transmitted by two polarizers with appropriately chosen settings, the first transmission influences a hidden variable (co-) determining the second one. We derive from this that in an ideal EPR experiment (giving the result predicted by quantum mechanics for two correlated photons transmitted by two polarizers with suitably chosen settings) there has to be a nonlocal influence from the “first” transmission interaction to (...)
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  41.  48
    C. W. Rietdijk (1981). Another Proof That the Future Can Influence the Present. Foundations of Physics 11 (9-10):783-790.
    A modified Young double-slit experiment proposed by Wootters and Zurek is considered in which a system P of parallel plates covered with a photographic emulsion has been set up in the region where we would normally expect the central interference fringes. Because under certain conditions P makes it possible to conclude with much more than50% certainty through which of the two slits each particular photon passed, the relevant interference pattern becomes blurred. It is proved that this implies a retroactive effect (...)
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  42.  11
    Jeffrey M. Schwartz, Henry P. Stapp & Mario Beauregard (2004). The Volitional Influence of the Mind on the Brain, with Special Reference to Emotional Self-Regulation. In Mario Beauregard (ed.), Consciousness, Emotional Self-Regulation and the Brain. John Benjamins 195-238.
  43.  6
    Ana Fernández del Río, Elka Korutcheva & Javier de la Rubia (2012). Interdependent Binary Choices Under Social Influence: Phase Diagram for Homogeneous Unbiased Populations. Complexity 17 (6):31-41.
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  44. S. [from old catalog] Linde (1966). Einstein's Special Theory and the Influence of Relative Velocity on Time. [Fort Hare, South Africa]Fort Hare University Press.
     
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  45. Allan Franklin (1990). The Neglect of Experiment. Noûs 24 (4):631-634.
    What role have experiments played, and should they play, in physics? How does one come to believe rationally in experimental results? The Neglect of Experiment attempts to provide answers to both of these questions. Professor Franklin's approach combines the detailed study of four episodes in the history of twentieth century physics with an examination of some of the philosophical issues involved. The episodes are the discovery of parity nonconservation in the 1950s; the nondiscovery of parity nonconservation in the (...)
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  46.  99
    Diederik Aerts (2009). Quantum Particles as Conceptual Entities: A Possible Explanatory Framework for Quantum Theory. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 14 (4):361-411.
    We put forward a possible new interpretation and explanatory framework for quantum theory. The basic hypothesis underlying this new framework is that quantum particles are conceptual entities. More concretely, we propose that quantum particles interact with ordinary matter, nuclei, atoms, molecules, macroscopic material entities, measuring apparatuses, in a similar way to how human concepts interact with memory structures, human minds or artificial memories. We analyze the most characteristic aspects of quantum theory, i.e. entanglement and non-locality, interference and superposition, identity and (...)
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  47. C. W. Rietdijk (1978). Proof of a Retroactive Influence. Foundations of Physics 8 (7-8):615-628.
    Quantum theory predicts that, e.g., in a Stern-Gerlach experiment with electrons the measured spin component $S_Z = \pm \frac{1}{2}$ does not come about by an adjustment at the last moment, a forced “flipping” or “tilting” of the spin (vector), which would imply z-angular momentum exchange between particle and instrument, but will afterward appear to have had the value $\frac{1}{2} or - \frac{1}{2}$ already before the measurement. Because an electron spin cannot have components $ \pm \frac{1}{2}$ in all directions at the (...)
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  48.  5
    Christopher Southgate (2016). Science and Religion in the United Kingdom: A Personal View on the Contemporary Scene. Zygon 51 (2):361-386.
    This article considers the current state of the science–religion debate in the United Kingdom. It discusses the societies, groups, and individual scholars that shape that debate, including the dialogue between theology and physics, biology, and psychology. Attention is also given to theology's engagement with ecological issues. The article also reflects on the loss of influence of denominational Christianity within British society, and the impact both on the character of the debate and the role of the churches. Finally, some (...)
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  49. J. R. Lucas (1990). Spacetime and Electromagnetism: An Essay on the Philosophy of the Special Theory of Relativity. Oxford University Press.
    That space and time should be integrated into a single entity, spacetime, is the great insight of Einstein's special theory of relativity, and leads us to regard spacetime as a fundamental context in which to make sense of the world around us. But it is not the only one. Causality is equally important and at least as far as the special theory goes, it cannot be subsumed under a fundamentally geometrical form of explanation. In fact, the agent of propagation of (...)
     
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  50.  44
    Patrick A. Heelan (2013). Phenomenology, Ontology, and Quantum Physics. Foundations of Science 18 (2):379-385.
    This essay is dominated by three themes that recur contrapuntally in Heisenberg’s writings: observation, description, and ontology—prompted always by a concern about the role played by the subjective inquirer in scientific meaning-making, and by the ontology of scientific claims. Among the related themes are; the tension between paradigmatic concerns with structure and philosophical concerns with reality, the possibility of scientific revolutions, such as relativity and quantum mechanics, that can overthrow the classical traditions of natural science and the inadequacy of a (...)
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