Search results for 'Socialism' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Pablo Gilabert (2012). Cohen on Socialism, Equality and Community. Socialist Studies 8 (1):101-121.score: 24.0
  2. Bertrand Russell, Proposed Roads to Freedom: Socialism, Anarchism and Syndicalism.score: 24.0
    What is perhaps most remarkable in regard to both Socialism and Anarchism is the association of a widespread popular movement with ideals for a better world. The ideals have been elaborated, in the first instance, by solitary writers of books, and yet powerful sections of the wage-earning classes have accepted them as their guide in the practical affairs of the world. In regard to Socialism this is evident; but in regard to Anarchism it is only true with some (...)
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  3. Nicholas Vrousalis (2010). G. A. Cohen's Vision of Socialism. Journal of Ethics 14 (3-4):185-216.score: 24.0
    This essay is an attempt to piece together the elements of G. A. Cohen's thought on the theory of socialism during his long intellectual voyage from Marxism to political philosophy. It begins from his theory of the maldistribution of freedom under capitalism, moves onto his critique of libertarian property rights, to his diagnosis of the “deep inegalitarian” structure of John Rawls' theory and concludes with his rejection of the “cheap” fraternity promulgated by liberal egalitarianism. The paper's exegetical contention is (...)
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  4. John E. Roemer (2010). Jerry Cohens Why Not Socialism? Some Thoughts. Journal of Ethics 14 (3-4):255-262.score: 24.0
    In his book Why Not Socialism? , G.A. Cohen described several kinds of inequality that would be acceptable under socialism, yet nonetheless harmful to community. I describe another kind of inequality with this property, deriving from the legitimate transmission of preferences and values from parents to children. In the same book, Cohen proposes that the designing of a socialist allocation mechanism is a key problem for socialist theory. I maintain this is less of a problem than he believes. (...)
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  5. Xiaohe Lu (2010). Business Ethics and Karl Marx's Theory of Capital – Reflections on Making Use of Capital for Developing China's Socialist Market Economy. Journal of Business Ethics 91 (1):95 - 111.score: 24.0
    Making use of capital to develop China’s socialist market economy requires China not only to fully recognize the tendency of capital civilization but also to realize its intrinsic limitations and to seek conditions and a path for overcoming contradictions in the mode of capitalist production. Karl Marx’s theory of capital provides us with a key to understanding and dealing properly with problems of capital. At the same time we should also pay heed to Western research on, experience with, and lessons (...)
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  6. Robert S. Taylor (2014). Illiberal Socialism. Social Theory and Practice 40 (3):433-460.score: 24.0
    Is “liberal socialism” an oxymoron? Not quite, but I will demonstrate here that it is a much more unstable and uncommon hybrid than scholars had previously thought and that almost all liberals should reject socialism, even in its most attractive form. More specifically, I will show that three leading varieties of liberalism—neutralist, plural-perfectionist, and deliberative-democratic—are incompatible with even a moderate form of socialism, viz., associational market socialism. My paper will also cast grave doubt on Rawls’s belief (...)
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  7. Ruth Alas & Christopher J. Rees (2006). Work-Related Attitudes, Values and Radical Change in Post-Socialist Contexts: A Comparative Study. Journal of Business Ethics 68 (2):181 - 189.score: 24.0
    The study draws attention to the transfer of management theories and practices from traditional capitalist countries such as the USA and UK to post-socialist countries that are currently experiencing radical change as they seek to introduce market reforms. It is highlighted that the efficacy of this transfer of management theories and practices is, in part, dependent upon the extent to which work-related attitudes and values vary between traditional capitalist and former socialist contexts. We highlight that practices such as Human Resource (...)
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  8. Nicholas Vrousalis (2011). Libertarian Socialism. Social Theory and Practice 37 (2):211-226.score: 24.0
    Socialists believe that equality, community, and economic democracy can only be achieved by a system of joint ownership in the means of production. These property rights do not, as such, pass judgment as to what rights individuals have to their own person. Libertarians believe that individual liberty and autonomy are only coextensive with a set of stringent rights to the person and its powers. These property rights do not, as such, pass judgment as to what rights individuals have to the (...)
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  9. Erik Van Ree (1998). Socialism in One Country: A Reassessment. [REVIEW] Studies in East European Thought 50 (2):77-117.score: 24.0
    Until 1917 Lenin and Trotsky believed that an isolated revolutionary Russia would have no chance of survival. However, from 1917 to 1923 Lenin's standpoint on this matter underwent a complete reversal. First he came to the conclusion that socialism could be built in an isolated Russia, although it would remain incomplete in the absence of the world revolution. By 1923 he was abandoning that latter qualification too. The standpoint of Stalin and Bukharin in the debate on socialism in (...)
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  10. Zhang Boshu (1987). Marxism and Human Sociobiology: A Comparative Study From the Perspective of Modern Socialist Economic Reforms. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 2 (4):463-474.score: 24.0
    Modern socialist economic reforms which center on the establishment of a commodity based economic system, demand a reconsideration of human nature. Marxism and human sociobiology give different answers to questions about human nature, but neither is complete in itself. It seems timely, therefore, to suggest that a combination of biological understanding with a Marxist-based social understanding would produce a more adequate notion of human nature, thereby helping us to resolve a number of problems posed by reforms currently taking place in (...)
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  11. Raminta Pučėtaitė & Anna-Maija Lämsä (2008). Developing Organizational Trust Through Advancement of Employees' Work Ethic in a Post-Socialist Context. Journal of Business Ethics 82 (2):325 - 337.score: 24.0
    The paper highlights the dependence of the level of organizational trust on work ethic and aims to show that development of trust in organizations can be␣stimulated by raising the level of work ethic with organizational practices. Based on the framework by Kanungo, R. N. and A. M. Jaeger (1990, ‘Introduction: The Need for Indigenous Management In Developing Countries’, in A. M. Jaeger and R. N. Kanungo (eds.), Management in Developing Countries (Routledge, London), pp. 1–23), historical–cultural analysis of the Lithuanian context (...)
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  12. Sean Sayers & Peter Osborne (eds.) (1984/1990). Socialism, Feminism, and Philosophy: A Radical Philosophy Reader. Routledge.score: 24.0
    Since 1972, the journal Radical Philosophy has provided a forum for the discussion of radical and critical ideas in philosophy. This anthology reprints some of the best articles to have appeared in the journal during the past five years. It covers topics in social and moral philosophy which are central to current controversies on the left, focusing on theoretical issues raised by socialist, feminist, and environmental movements. The articles engage with contemporary issues in critical terms, and represent the best of (...)
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  13. Naomi Beck (2005). Enrico Ferri's Scientific Socialism: A Marxist Interpretation of Herbert Spencer's Organic Analogy. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 38 (2):301 - 325.score: 24.0
    Spencer's evolutionary philosophy is usually identified with right-wing doctrines such as individualism, laissez-faire liberalism and even conservatism. Since he himself defended similar positions, it is perhaps not surprising that the study of the political interpretations of his ideas has drawn relatively little attention. In this article I propose to examine a rather atypical reading of Spencer's organic analogy, though definitely not a marginal one: Enrico Ferri's Marxist doctrine of Scientific Socialism. Ferri is not a figure unknown to scholars interested (...)
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  14. Vincent Blok (2012). Naming Being – or the Philosophical Content of Heidegger’s National Socialism. Heidegger Studies 28:101-122.score: 24.0
    This contribution discusses the philosophical meaning of the Martin Heidegger’s Rectoral address. First of all, Heidegger’s philosophical basic experience is sketched as the background of his Rectoral address; the being-historical concept of “Anfang”. Then, the philosophical question of the Rectoral address is discussed. It is shown, that Die Selbstbehauptung der deutschen Universität is asking for the identity of human being there (Dasein) in connection with the question about dem Eigenen (the Germans) and dem Fremden (the Greeks). This opposition structuralizes the (...)
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  15. Ludwig Feuerbach (1997). German Socialist Philosophy. Continuum.score: 24.0
    This volume in The German Library redresses this situation by including some of the most influential and trenchant writings of all three socialist philosophers, ...
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  16. Piers J. Hale (2010). Of Mice and Men: Evolution and the Socialist Utopia. William Morris, H.G. Wells, and George Bernard Shaw. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 43 (1):17 - 66.score: 24.0
    During the British socialist revival of the 1880s competing theories of evolution were central to disagreements about strategy for social change. In News from Nowhere (1891), William Morris had portrayed socialism as the result of Lamarckian processes, and imagined a non-Malthusian future. H.G. Wells, an enthusiastic admirer of Morris in the early days of the movement, became disillusioned as a result of the Malthusianism he learnt from Huxley and his subsequent rejection of Lamarckism in light of Weismann's experiments on (...)
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  17. James Phillips (2005). Heidegger's Volk: Between National Socialism and Poetry. Stanford University Press.score: 24.0
    In 1933 the philosopher Martin Heidegger declared his allegiance to Hitler. Ever since, scholars have asked to what extent his work is implicated in Nazism. To address this question properly involves neither conflating Nazism and the continuing philosophical project that is Heidegger's legacy, nor absolving Heidegger and, in the process, turning a deaf ear to what he himself called the philosophical motivations for his political engagement. It is important to establish the terms on which Heidegger aligned himself with National (...). On the basis of an untimely but by no means unprecedented understanding of the mission of the German people, the philosopher first joined but then also criticized the movement. An exposition of Heidegger's conception of Volk hence can and must treat its merits and deficiencies as a response to the enduring impasse in contemporary political philosophy of the dilemma between liberalism and authoritarianism. (shrink)
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  18. Raluca Maria Popa (2010). The Socialist Project for Gender (In)Equality: A Critical Discussion. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 2 (6):49-72.score: 24.0
    For most of nineteenth-century socialists, whose writings are examined in the scope of this paper, women’s equality with men was understood mainly in terms of their equal participation in the working collective. However, this concept of equality left unexamined the sexual division of labor by which men are central to production and women are central to reproduction. In the process of change towards a new socialist society, women were given the additional role of workers, but the bases of the unequal (...)
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  19. Stefania Mihalache (2010). Socialismul si camuflarea de gen/ Socialism and gender camouflage. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 2 (6):117-131.score: 24.0
    Eroticism seems to be the essence of individuation and the freedom that brings Otherness into being. For this reason eroticism had to be disguised and softened by a mechanism of control within the society of any monolithic communist power. There- fore, one of the images that were altered was that of the woman. This was done under the pretext of a project of emancipation, initiated by the Communist party, which made claims in women’s name but utilized women’s organizations for socialist-communist (...)
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  20. Diana Mincyte (2012). How Milk Does the World Good: Vernacular Sustainability and Alternative Food Systems in Post-Socialist Europe. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 29 (1):41-52.score: 24.0
    Scholarly debates on sustainable consumption have generally overlooked alternative agro-food networks in the economies outside of Western Europe and North America. Building on practice-based theories, this article focuses on informal raw milk markets in post-socialist Lithuania to examine how such alternative systems emerge and operate in the changing political, social, and economic contexts. It makes two contributions to the scholarship on sustainable consumption. In considering semi-subsistence practices and poverty-driven consumption, this article argues for a richer, more critical, and inclusive theory (...)
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  21. Eglė Venckienė (2013). Catholic Social Thought in the Interwar Period in Lithuania: The Image of Social State under the Rule of Law in Socialism. Jurisprudence 20 (2):391-406.score: 24.0
    Social life is changing very fast. People are trying to find out reasons of living in a safe society and understand their role in it. The ‘wrong’ and ‘right‘ models of the social life, state and law systems are appearing. In the XXth century, one of them – socialism – made suggestion how to solve social problems, determinated of capitalism. This work deals with the situation of Lithuanian social thought in the Republic of Lithuania (1900-1940). In the article, the (...)
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  22. Pablo Gilabert (2011). Feasibility and Socialism. Journal of Political Philosophy 19 (1):52-63.score: 21.0
  23. Nedim Nomer (2005). Fichte and the Idea of Liberal Socialism. Journal of Political Philosophy 13 (1):53–73.score: 21.0
  24. Krzysztof Brzechczyn (1993). The State of the Teutonic Order as a Socialist Society. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 33:397-414.score: 21.0
    This paper aims to analyze the social structure of the society in Teutonic state (1226-1525), which was distinct from structure of estate societies. The author put hypothesis that Teutonic Knight monopolised in their state political, economical and spiritual power. In the light of this thesis certain trends from history of the state of Teutonic Order are explained.
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  25. Chris Williams (2010). Ecology and Socialism: [Solutions to Capitalist Ecological Crisis]. Haymarket Books.score: 21.0
    A timely, well-grounded analysis that reveals an inconvenient truth: we can't save capitalism and save the planet.
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  26. Leszek Nowak (1992). Paradoxes of Social Consciousness Under Socialism. Studies in East European Thought 43 (2):159-168.score: 21.0
  27. Hans Zon (1994). The Lack of Cohesion as the Crucial Problem for Post-Socialist Societies. AI and Society 8 (2):151-163.score: 21.0
  28. Christos Lynteris (2013). The Spirit of Selflessness in Maoist China: Socialist Medicine and the New Man. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 21.0
    The book narrates how, called to embody this selfless spirit, medical doctors were trapped in a spiral between cultivation and abolition, leading to the explosion of ideology during the Cultural Revolution.
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  29. Dusan Boskovic (2005). Socialist Realism and Sreten Marić. Filozofija I Društvo 27:163-187.score: 21.0
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  30. Kanchan Sarker (2009). Review of Build It Now: Socialism for the Twenty-First Century. [REVIEW] Studies in Social Justice 3 (2):263-265.score: 21.0
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  31. Dieter Segert (2013). Understanding the “Footprint of State Socialism” in East Central European Post-Socialism. Human Affairs 23 (3):416-428.score: 21.0
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  32. Z. A. Ahmad (ed.) (1940). Philosophy of Socialism. Kitabistan.score: 21.0
     
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  33. Lawrence Birken (1995). Hitler as Philosophe: Remnants of the Enlightenment in National Socialism. Praeger.score: 21.0
  34. Dusan Boskovic (2012). Socialism and Culture: Do We Remember It at All? Filozofija I Društvo 23 (3):313-332.score: 21.0
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  35. Anthony Crosland, David Lipsey & R. L. Leonard (eds.) (1981). The Socialist Agenda: Crosland's Legacy. Cape.score: 21.0
     
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  36. M. P. Gapochka (1975). The Unity of Social and Scientific Progress Under Socialism: 250th Anniversary of the Ussr Academy of Sciences. "Social Sciences Today" Editorial Board.score: 21.0
  37. Daniel Gasman (1971). The Scientific Origins of National Socialism: Social Darwinism in Ernst Haeckel and the German Monist League. New York,American Elsevier.score: 21.0
  38. Donald Clark Hodges (1974). Socialist Humanism. St. Louis,W. H. Green.score: 21.0
     
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  39. Ernesto Laclau (2001/2014). Hegemony and Socialist Strategy: Towards a Radical Democratic Politics. Verso.score: 21.0
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  40. David McLellan & Sean Sayers (eds.) (1990). Socialism and Morality. St. Martin's Press.score: 21.0
  41. Henry S. Meebelo (1987). Zambian Humanism and Scientific Socialism: A Comparative Study. S.N.].score: 21.0
     
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  42. Louis Patsouras (1991/1992). Simone Weil and the Socialist Tradition. Emtext.score: 21.0
  43. Adam Bruno Ulam (1951/1964). Philosophical Foundations of English Socialism. New York, Octagon Books.score: 21.0
     
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  44. Friedrich A. von Hayek (1979). Social Justice, Socialism & Democracy: Three Australian Lectures. Centre for Independent Studies.score: 21.0
  45. Charles T. Wolfe (2010). From Spinoza to the Socialist Cortex: The Social Brain. In Deborah Hauptmann & Warren Neidich (eds.), Cognitive Architecture.score: 18.0
    The concept of 'social brain‘ is a hybrid, located somewhere in between politically motivated philosophical speculation about the mind and its place in the social world, and recently emerged inquiries into cognition, selfhood, development, etc., returning to some of the founding insights of social psychology but embedding them in a neuroscientific framework. In this paper I try to reconstruct a philosophical tradition for the social brain, a ‗Spinozist‘ tradition which locates the brain within the broader network of relations, including social (...)
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  46. Kai Nielsen (1989). A Moral Case for Socialism. Critical Review 3 (3-4):542-553.score: 18.0
    A moral case for socialism is made, eschewing efficiency arguments?as crucial as they are in other contexts. The best feasible models of socialism and capitalism are compared with respect to such fundamental values as well?being, rights, autonomy, equality and justice. It is argued that a feasible democratic socialism is superior in all these dimensions to even the best feasible forms of capitalism.
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  47. Nigel Pleasants (1997). The Epistemological Argument Against Socialism: A Wittgensteinian Critique of Hayek and Giddens. Inquiry 40 (1):23 – 45.score: 18.0
    Hayek's and Mises's argument for the impossibility of socialist planning is once again popular. Their case against socialism is predicated on an account of the nature of knowledge and social interaction. Hayek refined Mises's original argument by developing a philosophical anthropology which depicts individuals as tacitly knowledgeable rule-followers embedded in a 'spontaneous order' of systems of rules. Giddens, whose social theory is informed by his reading of Wittgenstein, has recently added his sociological support to Hayek's 'epistemological argument' against (...). With the aid of an interpretation of Wittgenstein which emphasizes his philosophy of praxis , I attempt to 'deconstruct' Giddens's and Hayek's 'picture' of tacit knowledge and rule-following on which their argument against socialism is predicated. (shrink)
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  48. Kai Nielsen (2003). Toward a Liberal Socialist Cosmopolitan Nationalism. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 11 (4):437 – 463.score: 18.0
    I explicate and defend a form of liberal socialist nationalism. It is also a nationalism which is cosmopolitan. Explication and explanation are crucially in order here, for it is not unreasonable to believe that 'cosmopolitan nationalism' and 'liberal socialist nationalism' and even 'liberal nationalism' are oxymoronic. Against that I argue that there is a straightforward understanding of these concepts and their relations to each other that does not have inconsistencies or even paradoxes. Liberal socialism properly understood goes well with (...)
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  49. M. Ronzoni (2012). Life is Not a Camping Trip - on the Desirability of Cohenite Socialism. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 11 (2):171-185.score: 18.0
    In Why Not Socialism?, GA Cohen defines socialism as the combined application of two moral principles: the egalitarian principle and the principle of community. The desirability of a social order organized around these two principles is illustrated by the ‘camping trip’ example. After describing the fundamental features of the camping trip scenario at reasonable length, Cohen argues that the desirability of such a social model is nearly self-explanatory, concluding therefore that the most significant challenges to socialism lie (...)
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  50. Robert Nadeau, On Hayek's Confutation of Market Socialism.score: 18.0
    Like Mises before him, Hayek challenges the validity of socialism as a centrally planned economic regime typically characterized by state ownership of all means of production. What is typical of Hayek's challenge is that he holds that this question is fully theoretical in nature and that it has consequently to be raised and decided as a scientific question. Sketching the historical background of the socialist calculation debate of the 1920s and 1930s, I first show how this debate is linked (...)
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