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Profile: Stephen Turner (University of South Florida)
  1. Stephen Turner (forthcoming). Not So Radical Historicism. Philosophy of the Social Sciences:0048393114531372.
    Mark Bevir raises the question of how genealogy, understood as a technique-based radical historicism, and the notion of the contingency of ideas, ground “critique.” His problem is to avoid the relativism of radical historicism in a way that allows for “critique” without appealing to non-radical historicist absolutisms of the kind that ground the notion of false consciousness. He does so by appealing to the notion of motivated irrationality, which he claims avoids the problem of relativism and the problems of “false (...)
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  2. Stephen Turner (forthcoming). Robert Merton and Dorothy Emmet: Deflated Functionalism and Structuralism. Philosophy of the Social Sciences:0048393114522516.
    Dorothy Emmet, in two books, one of which was based on extensive personal contact with Robert Merton and Columbia sociology, provides the closest thing we have to an authorized philosophical defense of Merton. It features a deflationary account of functionalism which dispenses with the idea of general teleological ends. What it replaces it with is an account of “structures” that have various consequences and that are maintained because, on Emmet’s account, of the mutual reinforcement of motives produced by the structure.
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  3. Stephen P. Turner (forthcoming). Cause, the Persistence of Teleology, and the Origins of the Philosophy of Social Science. Philosophy of the Social Sciences.
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  4. Sean Sturm & Stephen Francis Turner (2013). Erratology and the Ill-Logic of the Seismotic University. Educational Philosophy and Theory 46 (7):1-11.
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  5. Stephen Turner (2013). Taking the Collective Out of Tacit Knowledge. Philosophia Scientiæ 17:75-92.
    The concepts of “collective” and “social” are routinely confused, with claims about collective facts and their necessity justified by evidence that involves only social or interactional facts. This is the case with Harry Colllins’ argument for tacit knowledge as well. But the error is deeply rooted in the history of philosophy, in the notion of shared presuppositions popularized by neo-Kantianism, which confused logical claims of necessity with factual claims about groups. Claims of this neo-Kantian kind have difficulties shared by Collins’s (...)
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  6. Stephen Turner (2013). Where Explanation Ends: Understanding as the Place the Spade Turns in the Social Sciences. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (3):532-538.
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  7. Stephen P. Turner (2013). Explaining the Normative. Polity.
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  8. Stephen Turner, William Rehg, Heather Douglas & Evan Selinger (2013). Book Symposium on Expertise: Philosophical Reflections by Evan Selinger Automatic Press/Vip, Vince Inc. Press 2011. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Technology 26 (1):93-109.
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  9. Stephen Turner (2012). Habermas Meets Science. Metascience 21 (2):419-423.
    Habermas meets science Content Type Journal Article Category Essay Review Pages 1-5 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9560-2 Authors Stephen Turner, Department of Philosophy, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33620, USA Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  10. Stephen Turner (2012). Making the Tacit Explicit. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 42 (4):385-402.
    Tacit knowledge is both a ubiquitous and puzzling notion, related to the idea of hidden assumptions. The puzzle is partly a result of the conflict between the idea that assumptions are in the mind and the apparent audience-relativity of the "fact" of possessing an assumption or of the tacit knowledge that is articulated. If we think of making the tacit explicit as constructing a certain kind of inference repairing explanation for a particular audience "on the fly" we come closer to (...)
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  11. Stephen Turner (2012). Meaning Without Theory. Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (3):352-369.
    Abstract There is a core conflict between conventional ideas about “meaning“ and the phenomenon of meaning and meaning change in history. Conventional accounts are either atemporal or appeal to something fixed that bestows meaning, such as a rule or a convention. This produces familiar problems over change. Notions of rule and convention are metaphors for something tacit. They are unhelpful in accounting for change: there are no rule-givers or convenings in history. Meanings are in flux, and are part of a (...)
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  12. Stephen Turner (2012). The Strength of Weak Empathy. Science in Context 25 (3):383-399.
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  13. Stephen Turner (2012). The Young Shils. Tradition and Discovery: The Polanyi Society Periodical 39 (3):43-51.
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  14. Gerard Delanty & Stephen P. Turner (eds.) (2011). Routledge International Handbook of Contemporary Social and Political Theory. Routledge.
  15. Stephen Turner (2011). Collingwood and Weber Vs. Mink: History After the Cognitive Turn. Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (2):230-260.
    Louis Mink wrote a classic study of R. G. Collingwood that led to his most important contribution to the philosophy of history, his account of narrative. Central to this account was the non-detachability thesis, that facts became historical facts through incorporation into narratives, and the thesis that narratives were not comparable to the facts or to one another. His book on Collingwood was critical of Collingwood's idea that there were facts in history that we get through self-knowledge but which are (...)
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  16. Stephen Turner (2011). Uljana Feest , Ed. Historical Perspectives on Erklären and Verstehen . Heidelberg: Springer, 2010. Pp. 309. $139.00. Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 1 (1):135-139.
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  17. Stephen P. Turner (2011). Starting with Tacit Knowledge, Ending with Durkheim? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (3):472-476.
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  18. Stephen Turner (2010). Normal Accidents of Expertise. Minerva 48 (3):239-258.
    Charles Perrow used the term normal accidents to characterize a type of catastrophic failure that resulted when complex, tightly coupled production systems encountered a certain kind of anomalous event. These were events in which systems failures interacted with one another in a way that could not be anticipated, and could not be easily understood and corrected. Systems of the production of expert knowledge are increasingly becoming tightly coupled. Unlike classical science, which operated with a long time horizon, many current forms (...)
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  19. Stephen Turner (2009). Many Approaches, but Few Arrivals: Merton and the Columbia Model of Theory Construction. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (2):174-211.
    Robert Merton's essays on theories of the middle range and his essays on functional explanation and the structural approach are among the most influential in the history of sociology. But their import is a puzzle. He explicitly allied himself with some of the most extreme scientistic formalists and contributed to and endorsed the Columbia model of theory construction. But Merton never responded to criticisms by Ernest Nagel of his arguments or acknowledged the rivalry between Lazarsfeld and Herbert Simon, rarely cited (...)
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  20. Stephen P. Turner (2009). Can There Be a Pragmatist Philosophy of Social Science? [REVIEW] Human Studies 32 (3):365 - 374.
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  21. Stephen P. Turner (2009). Public Sociology and Democratic Theory. In Jeroen Van Bouwel (ed.), The Social Sciences and Democracy. Palgrave Macmillan.
  22. Stephen P. Turner (2009). Public Sociology and Democratic Theory Stephen P. Turner. In Jeroen Van Bouwel (ed.), The Social Sciences and Democracy. Palgrave Macmillan. 165.
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  23. Stephen P. Turner (2009). Shrinking Merton. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (3):481-489.
    Agassi, Sztompka, Kincaid, and Crothers argue, in various ways, that Merton should not be held responsible for his published views on theory construction, and they provide psychological or strategic explanations for his failure to resolve issues with these views. I argue that this line of defense is unnecessary. A better case for Merton would be that theories in his middle-range sense were a nontechnical alternative solution to the problem of spurious correlation. Middle-range theory was not, however, a solution to the (...)
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  24. Stephen Turner (2008). Mindblind Philosophy of History. Journal of the Philosophy of History 2 (2):227-236.
    Historical explanation after Hempel came to be discussed in terms of a contrast between nomic explanations and rationalizations, and later between cause and narrative. This period can be taken as an historical parenthesis, in which the notion of cause narrowed and the notion of historical understanding as empathic dropped out. In the present philosophical landscape there are different models of cause available, especially in the causal modeling literature, and a revived appreciation, through the philosophy of mind and in light of (...)
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  25. Stephen Turner (2007). Political Epistemology, Experts, and the Aggregation of Knowledge. Spontaneous Generations: A Journal for the History and Philosophy of Science 1 (1):36.
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  26. Stephen Turner (2007). Practice Then and Now. Human Affairs 17 (2).
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  27. Stephen P. Turner (2007). Explaining Normativity. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 37 (1):57-73.
    In this reply, I raise some questions about the account of "normativity" given by Joseph Rouse. I discuss the historical form of disputes over normativity in such thinkers as Kelsen and show that the standard issue with these accounts is over the question of whether there is anything added to the normal stream of explanation by the problem of normativity. I suggest that Rouse’s attempt to avoid the issues that arise with substantive explanatory theories of practices of the kind criticized (...)
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  28. Stephen P. Turner (2007). Mirror Neurons and Practices: A Response to Lizardo. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 37 (3):351–371.
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  29. Stephen P. Turner (2007). Practice Relativism (Relativismo de Prácticas). Critica 39 (115):5 - 29.
    Practice relativism is the idea that practices are foundational for bodies of activity and thought, and differ from one another in ways that lead those who constitute the world in terms of them to incommensurable or conflicting conclusions. It is true that practices are not criticizable in any simple way because they are largely tacit and inaccessible. But to make them relativistic one needs an added claim: that practices are "normative", or conceptual in character. It is argued that this is (...)
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  30. Stephen P. Turner & Mark W. Risjord (eds.) (2007). Philosophy of Anthropology and Sociology. Elsevier.
    This volume concerns philosophical issues that arise from the practice of anthropology and sociology. The essays cover a wide range of issues, including traditional questions in the philosophy of social science as well as those specific to these disciplines. Authors attend to the historical development of the current debates and set the stage for future work. · Comprehensive survey of philosophical issues in anthropology and sociology · Historical discussion of important debates · Applications to current research in anthropology and sociology.
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  31. Stephen Turner (2006). Book Review. [REVIEW] Human Studies 29 (2):263-268.
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  32. Stephen Turner (2006). Review: You Say You Want a Revolution. [REVIEW] Human Studies 29 (2):263 - 268.
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  33. David Mercer, Jerry Ravetz, Stephen P. Turner & Steve Fuller (2005). A Parting Shot at Misunderstanding: Fuller Vs. Kuhn. [REVIEW] Metascience 14 (1):3-152.
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  34. Stephen P. Turner (2005). Normative All the Way Down. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (2):419-429.
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  35. Stephen Turner (2004). The New Collectivism. History and Theory 43 (3):386–399.
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  36. Stephen Turner (2003). Tradition and Cognitive Science: Oakeshott’s Undoing of the Kantian Mind. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 33 (1):53-76.
    In this discussion, the author asks the question if Oakeshott’s famous depiction of a practice might be understood in relation to contemporary cognitive science, in particular connectionism (the contemporary cognitive science approach concerned with the problem of skills and skilled knowing) and in terms of the now conventional view of "normativity" in Anglo-American philosophy. The author suggests that Oakeshott meant to contrast practices to an alternative "Kantian" model of a shared tacit mental frame or set of rules. If cognitive science, (...)
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  37. Stephen Turner (2003). The Politics of the Word and the Politics of the Eye. Thesis Eleven 73 (1):51-69.
    The concept of worldviews gives a visual sense to the notion of a shared ideological frame, but misleadingly suppresses the visual itself. Against the standard image of worldviews, it is argued that the notion makes sense in connection with particular technologies of representation, notably newspapers, and is no longer informative about political beliefs. The example of Kristin Luker's work on abortion politics is used to show how weak the evidential base is for claims about worldviews. It is then argued that (...)
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  38. Stephen P. Turner (2003). 3 MacIntyre in the Province of the Philosophy of the Social Sciences. In Mark C. Murphy (ed.), Alasdair Macintyre. Cambridge University Press. 70.
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  39. Stephen P. Turner & Paul A. Roth (2003). Introduction. Ghosts and the Machine: Issues of Agency, Rationality, and Scientific Methodology in Contemporary Philosophy of Social Science. In Stephen P. Turner & Paul Andrew Roth (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of the Social Sciences. Blackwell Pub.. 1--17.
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  40. Stephen P. Turner & Paul Andrew Roth (eds.) (2003). The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of the Social Sciences. Blackwell Pub..
    Presents a collection of essays that cover a variety of issues in the social sciences.
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  41. Stephen Turner (2002). The World Made by Human Studies. Human Studies 25 (4):441-445.
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  42. Nora K. Bell, Samantha J. Brennan, William F. Bristow, Diana H. Coole, Justin DArms, Michael S. Davis, Daniel A. Dombrowski, John J. P. Donnelly, Anthony J. Ellis, Mark C. Fowler, Alan E. Fuchs, Chris Hackler, Garth L. Hallett, Rita C. Manning, Kevin E. Olson, Lansing R. Pollock, Marc Lee Raphael, Robert A. Sedler, Charlene Haddock Seigfried, Kristin S. Schrader‐Frechette, Anita Silvers, Doran Smolkin, Alan G. Soble, James P. Sterba, Stephen P. Turner & Eric Watkins (2001). Book Notes. [REVIEW] Ethics 111 (2):446-459.
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  43. Stephen Turner (2001). Teaching Subtlety of Thought: The Lessons of `Contextualism'. [REVIEW] Argumentation 15 (1):77-95.
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  44. Stephen Turner (2001). What is the Problem with Experts? Social Studies of Science 31 (1):123-149.
    The phenomenon of expertise produces two problems for liberal democratic theory: the first is whether it creates inequalities that undermine citizen rule or make it a sham; the second is whether the state can preserve its neutrality in liberal ’government by discussion’ while subsidizing, depending on, and giving special status to, the opinions of experts and scientists. A standard Foucauldian critique suggests that neutrality is impossible, expert power and state power are inseparable, and that expert power is the source of (...)
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  45. Stephen Turner (1999). The Significance of Shils. Sociological Theory 17 (2):125-145.
    Edward Shils was a widely recognized but misunderstood thinker. The original contexts of his thought are not well understood and greatly distorted by associating him with the concerns of Parsons. Shils provides a fully comparable alternative to the thought of Habermas and Foucault, with essentially similar roots: practice theory, the dissolution of Marxism in the twenties, and Carl Schmitt. Though Shils was indebted to the American sociological tradition, with respect to these issues his sources were outside it: in Hendrik de (...)
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  46. Stephen P. Turner (1999). Searle's Social Reality. History and Theory 38 (2):211–231.
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  47. Stephen Turner (1998). Polanyian in Spirit. Tradition and Discovery 25 (1):12-20.
    Walter Gulick criticizes The Social Theory of Practices for its non-Polanyian views of the problem of the objective character of tacit knowledge, its insistence that there should be plausible causal mechanisms that correspond to claims about tacit knowledge and its “social” transmission, and its denial of the social, telic character of practices. In this reply it is asserted that the demand for causally plausible mechanisms is not scientistic or for that matter non-Polanyian, that the book has a view of objectivity (...)
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  48. Stephen Turner (1998). The Limits of Social Constructionism. In Irving Velody & Robin Williams (eds.), The Politics of Constructionism. Sage Publications. 109--120.
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  49. Stephen P. Turner (1998). Did Funding Matter to the Development of Research Methods in Sociology? Minerva 36 (1):69-79.
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  50. Stephen P. Turner (1997). Bad Practices: A Reply. [REVIEW] Human Studies 20 (3):345-356.
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