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Profile: Stephen Turner (University of South Florida)
  1. Peter Olen & Stephen Turner (forthcoming). Durkheim, Sellars, and the Origins of Collective Intentionality. British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-22.
    Wilfrid Sellars read and annotated Celestine Bouglé’s Evolution of Values, translated by his mother with an introduction by his father . The book expounded Émile Durkheim's account of morality and elaborated his account of origins of value in collective social life. Sellars replaced elements of this account in constructing his own conception of the relationship between the normative and community, but preserved a central one: the idea that conflicting collective and individual intentions could be found in the same person. These (...)
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  2. Stephen Turner (forthcoming). The Present State of the Individual–Holism Debate. Metascience:1-3.
    The problem of holism in social science has, as Zahle and Collin, the editors of this volume note, a long history. It has revived, however, in a peculiar way, inspired by such things as the literature on corporate responsibility in ethics, the idea of supervenience, “Critical Realism” in sociology, ideas about emergence, the use of game-theoretic models to account for collective outcomes, and various notions of collective actors with collective intentions. These new inspirations interact with older problematics, such as the (...)
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  3. Stephen P. Turner (forthcoming). Cause, the Persistence of Teleology, and the Origins of the Philosophy of Social Science. Philosophy of the Social Sciences.
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  4. Stephen Turner (2015). Not So Radical Historicism. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 45 (2):246-257.
    Mark Bevir raises the question of how genealogy, understood as a technique-based radical historicism, and the notion of the contingency of ideas, ground “critique.” His problem is to avoid the relativism of radical historicism in a way that allows for “critique” without appealing to non-radical historicist absolutisms of the kind that ground the notion of false consciousness. He does so by appealing to the notion of motivated irrationality, which he claims avoids the problem of relativism and the problems of “false (...)
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  5. Stephen Turner (2014). Robert Merton and Dorothy Emmet Deflated Functionalism and Structuralism. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 44 (6):817-836.
    Dorothy Emmet, in two books, one of which was based on extensive personal contact with Robert Merton and Columbia sociology, provides the closest thing we have to an authorized philosophical defense of Merton. It features a deflationary account of functionalism which dispenses with the idea of general teleological ends. What it replaces it with is an account of “structures” that have various consequences and that are maintained because, on Emmet’s account, of the mutual reinforcement of motives produced by the structure.
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  6. Stephen Turner (2014). Tacit Knowledge Meets Analytic Kantianism. Tradition and Discovery: The Polanyi Society Periodical 41 (1):33-47.
    Neil Gascoigne and Tim Thornton’s Tacit Knowledge is an attempt to find a place for tacit knowledge as “knowledge” within the limits of analytic epistemology. They do so by reference to Jason Stanley and Timothy Williamson’s analysis of the term “way” and by the McDowell-like claim that reference to the tacitly rooted “way” of doing something exhausts the knowledge aspect of tacit knowledge, which preserves the notion of tacit knowledge, while excluding most of Michael Polanyi’s examples, and rendering Hubert Dreyfus’s (...)
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  7. Sean Sturm & Stephen Francis Turner (2013). Erratology and the Ill-Logic of the Seismotic University. Educational Philosophy and Theory 46 (7):1-11.
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  8. Stephen Turner (2013). Taking the Collective Out of Tacit Knowledge. Philosophia Scientiæ 17 (3):75-92.
    The concepts of “collective” and “social” are routinely confused, with claims about collective facts and their necessity justified by evidence that involves only social or interactional facts. This is the case with Harry Colllins’ argument for tacit knowledge as well. But the error is deeply rooted in the history of philosophy, in the notion of shared presuppositions popularized by neo-Kantianism, which confused logical claims of necessity with factual claims about groups. Claims of this neo-Kantian kind have difficulties shared by Collins’s (...)
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  9. Stephen Turner (2013). Where Explanation Ends: Understanding as the Place the Spade Turns in the Social Sciences. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (3):532-538.
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  10. Stephen P. Turner (2013). Explaining the Normative. Polity.
    The book considers in detail a paradigm case: legal normativity as constructed by Hans Kelsen. This case exemplifies the problems with normativist arguments.
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  11. Stephen Turner, William Rehg, Heather Douglas & Evan Selinger (2013). Book Symposium on Expertise: Philosophical Reflections by Evan Selinger Automatic Press/Vip, Vince Inc. Press 2011. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Technology 26 (1):93-109.
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  12. Stephen Turner (2012). Habermas Meets Science. Metascience 21 (2):419-423.
    Habermas meets science Content Type Journal Article Category Essay Review Pages 1-5 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9560-2 Authors Stephen Turner, Department of Philosophy, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33620, USA Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  13. Stephen Turner (2012). Making the Tacit Explicit. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 42 (4):385-402.
    Tacit knowledge is both a ubiquitous and puzzling notion, related to the idea of hidden assumptions. The puzzle is partly a result of the conflict between the idea that assumptions are in the mind and the apparent audience-relativity of the "fact" of possessing an assumption or of the tacit knowledge that is articulated. If we think of making the tacit explicit as constructing a certain kind of inference repairing explanation for a particular audience "on the fly" we come closer to (...)
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  14. Stephen Turner (2012). Meaning Without Theory. Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (3):352-369.
    Abstract There is a core conflict between conventional ideas about “meaning“ and the phenomenon of meaning and meaning change in history. Conventional accounts are either atemporal or appeal to something fixed that bestows meaning, such as a rule or a convention. This produces familiar problems over change. Notions of rule and convention are metaphors for something tacit. They are unhelpful in accounting for change: there are no rule-givers or convenings in history. Meanings are in flux, and are part of a (...)
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  15. Stephen Turner (2012). The Strength of Weak Empathy. Science in Context 25 (3):383-399.
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  16. Stephen Turner (2012). The Young Shils. Tradition and Discovery: The Polanyi Society Periodical 39 (3):43-51.
    Edward Shils began as a sociologist under the close mentorship of Louis Wirth, with whom he collaborated on the translation of Karl Mannheim’s Ideology and Utopia. After 1940, however, Shils’ career, which had been focused on topics in sociology, notably the class and occupational structure of cities and on German Sociological Theory, took an apparent turn, which in 1946 led him into a relationship with Michael Polanyi, a half-time appointment at the London School of Economics, and a new intellectual direction. (...)
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  17. Gerard Delanty & Stephen P. Turner (eds.) (2011). Routledge International Handbook of Contemporary Social and Political Theory. Routledge.
  18. Stephen Turner (2011). Collingwood and Weber Vs. Mink: History After the Cognitive Turn. Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (2):230-260.
    Louis Mink wrote a classic study of R. G. Collingwood that led to his most important contribution to the philosophy of history, his account of narrative. Central to this account was the non-detachability thesis, that facts became historical facts through incorporation into narratives, and the thesis that narratives were not comparable to the facts or to one another. His book on Collingwood was critical of Collingwood's idea that there were facts in history that we get through self-knowledge but which are (...)
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  19. Stephen Turner (2011). Uljana Feest , Ed. Historical Perspectives on Erklären and Verstehen . Heidelberg: Springer, 2010. Pp. 309. $139.00. Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 1 (1):135-139.
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  20. Stephen P. Turner (2011). Starting with Tacit Knowledge, Ending with Durkheim? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (3):472-476.
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  21. Stephen Turner (2010). Normal Accidents of Expertise. Minerva 48 (3):239-258.
    Charles Perrow used the term normal accidents to characterize a type of catastrophic failure that resulted when complex, tightly coupled production systems encountered a certain kind of anomalous event. These were events in which systems failures interacted with one another in a way that could not be anticipated, and could not be easily understood and corrected. Systems of the production of expert knowledge are increasingly becoming tightly coupled. Unlike classical science, which operated with a long time horizon, many current forms (...)
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  22. Stephen Turner (2009). Many Approaches, but Few Arrivals: Merton and the Columbia Model of Theory Construction. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (2):174-211.
    Robert Merton's essays on theories of the middle range and his essays on functional explanation and the structural approach are among the most influential in the history of sociology. But their import is a puzzle. He explicitly allied himself with some of the most extreme scientistic formalists and contributed to and endorsed the Columbia model of theory construction. But Merton never responded to criticisms by Ernest Nagel of his arguments or acknowledged the rivalry between Lazarsfeld and Herbert Simon, rarely cited (...)
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  23. Stephen P. Turner (2009). Can There Be a Pragmatist Philosophy of Social Science? [REVIEW] Human Studies 32 (3):365 - 374.
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  24. Stephen P. Turner (2009). Public Sociology and Democratic Theory. In Jeroen Van Bouwel (ed.), The Social Sciences and Democracy. Palgrave Macmillan.
  25. Stephen P. Turner (2009). Public Sociology and Democratic Theory Stephen P. Turner. In Jeroen Van Bouwel (ed.), The Social Sciences and Democracy. Palgrave Macmillan. 165.
     
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  26. Stephen P. Turner (2009). Shrinking Merton. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (3):481-489.
    Agassi, Sztompka, Kincaid, and Crothers argue, in various ways, that Merton should not be held responsible for his published views on theory construction, and they provide psychological or strategic explanations for his failure to resolve issues with these views. I argue that this line of defense is unnecessary. A better case for Merton would be that theories in his middle-range sense were a nontechnical alternative solution to the problem of spurious correlation. Middle-range theory was not, however, a solution to the (...)
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  27. Stephen Turner (2008). Mindblind Philosophy of History. Journal of the Philosophy of History 2 (2):227-236.
    Historical explanation after Hempel came to be discussed in terms of a contrast between nomic explanations and rationalizations, and later between cause and narrative. This period can be taken as an historical parenthesis, in which the notion of cause narrowed and the notion of historical understanding as empathic dropped out. In the present philosophical landscape there are different models of cause available, especially in the causal modeling literature, and a revived appreciation, through the philosophy of mind and in light of (...)
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  28. Alan Sica & Stephen Turner (2007). The Disobedient Generation: Social Theorists in the Sixties. Human Studies 30 (4):467-470.
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  29. Stephen Turner (2007). Political Epistemology, Experts, and the Aggregation of Knowledge. Spontaneous Generations: A Journal for the History and Philosophy of Science 1 (1):36.
  30. Stephen Turner (2007). Practice Then and Now. Human Affairs 17 (2).
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  31. Stephen P. Turner (2007). Explaining Normativity. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 37 (1):57-73.
    In this reply, I raise some questions about the account of "normativity" given by Joseph Rouse. I discuss the historical form of disputes over normativity in such thinkers as Kelsen and show that the standard issue with these accounts is over the question of whether there is anything added to the normal stream of explanation by the problem of normativity. I suggest that Rouse’s attempt to avoid the issues that arise with substantive explanatory theories of practices of the kind criticized (...)
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  32. Stephen P. Turner (2007). Mirror Neurons and Practices: A Response to Lizardo. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 37 (3):351–371.
    Lizardo argues that The Social Theory of Practices is refuted by the discovery of mirror neurons. The book argues that the kind of sameness of tacit mental content assumed by practice theorists such as Bourdieu is fictional, because there is no actual process by which the same mental content can be transmitted. Mirror neurons, Lizardo claims, provide such a mechanism, as they imply that bodily automatisms, which can be understood as the basis of habitus and concepts, can be shared and (...)
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  33. Stephen P. Turner (2007). Practice Relativism (Relativismo de Prácticas). Critica 39 (115):5 - 29.
    Practice relativism is the idea that practices are foundational for bodies of activity and thought, and differ from one another in ways that lead those who constitute the world in terms of them to incommensurable or conflicting conclusions. It is true that practices are not criticizable in any simple way because they are largely tacit and inaccessible. But to make them relativistic one needs an added claim: that practices are "normative", or conceptual in character. It is argued that this is (...)
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  34. Stephen P. Turner & Mark W. Risjord (eds.) (2007). Philosophy of Anthropology and Sociology. Elsevier.
    This volume concerns philosophical issues that arise from the practice of anthropology and sociology. The essays cover a wide range of issues, including traditional questions in the philosophy of social science as well as those specific to these disciplines. Authors attend to the historical development of the current debates and set the stage for future work. · Comprehensive survey of philosophical issues in anthropology and sociology · Historical discussion of important debates · Applications to current research in anthropology and sociology.
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  35. Stephen Turner (2006). Book Review. [REVIEW] Human Studies 29 (2):263-268.
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  36. Stephen Turner (2006). Review: You Say You Want a Revolution. [REVIEW] Human Studies 29 (2):263 - 268.
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  37. David Mercer, Jerry Ravetz, Stephen P. Turner & Steve Fuller (2005). A Parting Shot at Misunderstanding: Fuller Vs. Kuhn. [REVIEW] Metascience 14 (1):3-152.
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  38. Stephen Turner (2005). The Continued Relevance of Weber’s Philosophy of Social Science. Etica E Politica 7 (2):1-20.
    Only a few writers have attempted to construct a comprehensive philosophy of social science, and of these Weber is the most relevant to the present. The structure of his conception places him in a close relationship to Donald Davidson. The basic reasoning of Davidson on action explanation, anomalous monism, and the impossibility of a “serious science” of psychology is paralleled in Weber. There are apparent differences with respect to their treatment of the status of the model of rational action and (...)
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  39. Stephen P. Turner (2005). Normative All the Way Down. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (2):419-429.
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  40. Stephen Turner (2004). The New Collectivism. History and Theory 43 (3):386–399.
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  41. Stephen Turner (2003). Tradition and Cognitive Science: Oakeshott’s Undoing of the Kantian Mind. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 33 (1):53-76.
    In this discussion, the author asks the question if Oakeshott’s famous depiction of a practice might be understood in relation to contemporary cognitive science, in particular connectionism (the contemporary cognitive science approach concerned with the problem of skills and skilled knowing) and in terms of the now conventional view of "normativity" in Anglo-American philosophy. The author suggests that Oakeshott meant to contrast practices to an alternative "Kantian" model of a shared tacit mental frame or set of rules. If cognitive science, (...)
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  42. Stephen Turner (2003). The Politics of the Word and the Politics of the Eye. Thesis Eleven 73 (1):51-69.
    The concept of worldviews gives a visual sense to the notion of a shared ideological frame, but misleadingly suppresses the visual itself. Against the standard image of worldviews, it is argued that the notion makes sense in connection with particular technologies of representation, notably newspapers, and is no longer informative about political beliefs. The example of Kristin Luker's work on abortion politics is used to show how weak the evidential base is for claims about worldviews. It is then argued that (...)
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  43. Stephen Turner (2003). What Do We Mean by 'We'? ProtoSociology: An International Journal of Interdisciplinary Research 18.
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  44. Stephen P. Turner (2003). Liberal Democracy 3.0 Civil Society in an Age of Experts. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  45. Stephen P. Turner (2003). 3 MacIntyre in the Province of the Philosophy of the Social Sciences. In Mark C. Murphy (ed.), Alasdair Macintyre. Cambridge University Press. 70.
  46. Stephen P. Turner & Paul A. Roth (2003). Introduction. Ghosts and the Machine: Issues of Agency, Rationality, and Scientific Methodology in Contemporary Philosophy of Social Science. In Stephen P. Turner & Paul Andrew Roth (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of the Social Sciences. Blackwell Pub.. 1--17.
  47. Stephen P. Turner & Paul Andrew Roth (eds.) (2003). The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of the Social Sciences. Blackwell Pub..
  48. Stephen Turner (2002). The World Made by Human Studies. Human Studies 25 (4):441-445.
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  49. Stephen P. Turner (2002). Brains/Practices/Relativism Social Theory After Cognitive Science. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  50. Nora K. Bell, Samantha J. Brennan, William F. Bristow, Diana H. Coole, Justin DArms, Michael S. Davis, Daniel A. Dombrowski, John J. P. Donnelly, Anthony J. Ellis, Mark C. Fowler, Alan E. Fuchs, Chris Hackler, Garth L. Hallett, Rita C. Manning, Kevin E. Olson, Lansing R. Pollock, Marc Lee Raphael, Robert A. Sedler, Charlene Haddock Seigfried, Kristin S. Schrader‐Frechette, Anita Silvers, Doran Smolkin, Alan G. Soble, James P. Sterba, Stephen P. Turner & Eric Watkins (2001). Book Notes. [REVIEW] Ethics 111 (2):446-459.
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