Search results for 'fundamentality' (try it on Scholar)

128 found
Order:
See also:
Bibliography: Fundamentality in Metaphysics
  1. Tuomas E. Tahko (forthcoming). Fundamentality and Ontological Minimality. In Ricki Bliss & Graham Priest (eds.), Reality and its Structure. Oxford University Press
    In this chapter, a generic definition of fundamentality as an ontological minimality thesis is sought and its applicability examined. Most discussions of fundamentality are focused on a mereological understanding of the hierarchical structure of reality, which may be combined with an atomistic, object-oriented metaphysics. But recent work in structuralism, for instance, calls for an alternative understanding and it is not immediately clear that the conception of fundamentality at work in structuralism is commensurable with the mereological conception. However, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. Michael J. Raven (2015). Fundamentality Without Foundations. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 90 (3).
    A commonly held view is that a central aim of metaphysics is to give a fundamental account of reality which refers only to the fundamental entities. But a puzzle arises. It is at least a working hypothesis for those pursuing the aim that, first, there must be fundamental entities. But, second, it also seems possible that the world has no foundation, with each entity depending on others. These two claims are inconsistent with the widely held third claim that the fundamental (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  3.  42
    David Matheson (2015). Fundamentality and Extradimensional Final Value. Journal of Philosophy of Life 5 (3):19-32.
    I argue that life’s meaning is not only a distinct, gradational final value of individual lives, but also an “extradimensional” final value: the realization of meaning in life brings final value along an additional evaluative dimension, much as the realization of depth in solids or width in plane geometric figures brings magnitude along an additional spatial dimension. I go on to consider the extent to which Metz’s (2013) fundamentality theory respects the principle that life’s meaning is an extradimensional final (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4. Uriah Kriegel (forthcoming). Existence, Fundamentality, and the Scope of Ontology. Argumenta 1 (1):97-109.
    A traditional conception of ontology takes existence to be its proprietary subject matter—ontology is the study of what exists (§ 1). Recently, Jonathan Schaffer has argued that ontology is better thought of rather as the study of what is basic or fundamental in reality (§ 2). My goal here is twofold. First, I want to argue that while Schaffer’s characterization is quite plausible for some ontological questions, for others it is not (§ 3). More importantly, I want to offer a (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5.  34
    Shieva Kleinschmidt (2015). Fundamentality and Time‐Travel. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 4 (1):46-51.
    The relation of being more fundamental than, as well as the Finean notion of partial grounding, are widely taken to be irreflexive, transitive, and asymmetric. However, certain time-travel cases that have been used to raise worries about the irreflexivity, transitivity, and asymmetry of proper part of can also be used to argue that more fundamental than and partially grounds do not have these formal properties. I present this worry and discuss several responses to it, with the aim of showing that (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6.  51
    Tatjana von Solodkoff & Richard Woodward (2013). Noneism, Ontology, and Fundamentality. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 87 (3):558-583.
    In the recent literature on all things metaontological, discussion of a notorious Meinongian doctrine—the thesis that some objects have no kind of being at all—has been conspicuous by its absence. And this is despite the fact that this thesis is the central element of the noneist metaphysics of Richard Routley (1980) and Graham Priest (2005). In this paper, we therefore examine the metaontological foundations of noneism, with a view to seeing exactly how the noneist's approach to ontological inquiry differs from (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  7.  16
    Mark Pexton (2015). Emergence and Fundamentality in a Pancomputationalist Universe. Minds and Machines 25 (4):301-320.
    The aim of this work is to apply information theoretic ideas to the notion of fundamentality. I will argue that if one adopts pancomputationalism as a metaphysics for the universe, then there are higher-level structures which are just as fundamental for computation as anything from microphysics.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8.  26
    Justin Zylstra (2015). Dependence and Fundamentality. Studia Philosophica Estonica 7 (2):5.
    I argue that dependence is neither necessary nor sufficient for relative fundamentality. I then introduce the notion of 'likeness in nature' and provide an account of relative fundamentality in terms of it and the notion of dependence. Finally, I discuss some puzzles that arise in Aristotle's Categories, to which the theory developed is applied.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9.  36
    ‘Abd ‘Ubudiyyat (2007). The Fundamentality of Existence and the Subjectivity of Quiddity. Topoi 26 (2):201-212.
    It would not be an overstatement to say that Mulla Sadra’s metaphysical system—commonly known as transcendent philosophy or transcendent wisdom (hikmat muta‘aliyyah)—is founded on the fundamentality of existence and the subjectivity of quiddity or whatness. I will begin this essay by drawing a rather simple picture of this principle under the title “A Common Error.” Then I will proceed by explaining its background and the reasoning supporting it, while offering a more detailed elucidation of the problem. The essay will (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10.  42
    Ahmad Ahmadi (2007). The Fundamentality of Existence or Quiddity: A Confusion Between Epistemology and Ontology. Topoi 26 (2):213-219.
    Regarding the exhaustive discussions of the fundamentality of existence versus the fundamentality of quiddity, it is a necessary preliminary to examine and analyze the first documented statement of the fundamentality of existence. Following this, we must inquire how the concept is obtained on the basis of which such a judgment could be formed. Then we must illuminate the meaning of propositions that state only that an object is or exists (ontological propositions). Finally, by explaining the meaning of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11.  61
    Kelly Trogdon (forthcoming). Inheritance Arguments for Fundamentality. In R. Bliss & G. Priest (eds.), Reality and its Structure. Oxford University Press
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12.  34
    Eric Swanson (2014). Ordering Supervaluationism, Counterpart Theory, and Ersatz Fundamentality. Journal of Philosophy 111 (6):289-310.
    Many philosophical theories make comparisons between objects, events, states of affairs, worlds, or systems, and many such theories deliver plausible verdicts only if some of the elements they compare are ranked as ‘best.’ When the relevant ordering does not have such ‘best’ or ‘tied for best’ elements the theory wrongly falls silent or gives badly counterintuitive results. This paper develops ordering supervaluationism---a very general technique that allows any such theory to handle these problematic cases. Just as ordinary supervaluation helps us (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  13. Elizabeth Barnes (2012). Emergence and Fundamentality. Mind 121 (484):873-901.
    In this paper, I argue for a new way of characterizing ontological emergence. I appeal to recent discussions in meta-ontology regarding fundamentality and dependence, and show how emergence can be simply and straightforwardly characterized using these notions. I then argue that many of the standard problems for emergence do not apply to this account: given a clearly specified meta-ontological background, emergence becomes much easier to explicate. If my arguments are successful, they show both a helpful way of thinking about (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   13 citations  
  14.  18
    Michael J. Raven (2015). Fundamentality Without Foundations. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 92 (3).
    A commonly held view is that a central aim of metaphysics is to give a fundamental account of reality which refers only to the fundamental entities. But a puzzle arises. It is at least a working hypothesis for those pursuing the aim that, first, there must be fundamental entities. But, second, it also seems possible that the world has no foundation, with each entity depending on others. These two claims are inconsistent with the widely held third claim that the fundamental (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15.  67
    A. R. J. Fisher (2015). Truthmaking and Fundamentality. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 97 (2).
    I apply the notion of truthmaking to the topic of fundamentality by articulating a truthmaker theory of fundamentality according to which some truths are truth-grounded in certain entities while the ones that don't stand in a metaphysical-semantic relation to the truths that do. I motivate this view by critically discussing two problems with Ross Cameron's truthmaker theory of fundamentality. I then defend this view against Theodore Sider's objection that the truthmaking approach to fundamentality violates the purity (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16.  76
    Andreas Hüttemann & Alan C. Love (2011). Aspects of Reductive Explanation in Biological Science: Intrinsicality, Fundamentality, and Temporality. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 62 (3):519-549.
    The inapplicability of variations on theory reduction in the context of genetics and their irrelevance to ongoing research has led to an anti-reductionist consensus in philosophy of biology. One response to this situation is to focus on forms of reductive explanation that better correspond to actual scientific reasoning (e.g. part–whole relations). Working from this perspective, we explore three different aspects (intrinsicality, fundamentality, and temporality) that arise from distinct facets of reductive explanation: composition and causation. Concentrating on these aspects generates (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  17.  57
    Kerry McKenzie (2014). On the Fundamentality of Symmetries. Philosophy of Science 81 (5):1090-1102.
    The view that it is symmetries, not particles, that are fundamental to nature is frequently expressed by physicists. But comparatively little has been written either on what this claim means or whether it should be regarded as true. After placing the claim into a general fundamentality framework, I consider whether the priority of symmetries over particles can be defended. The conclusions drawn are largely negative.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  18. Alexander Skiles (2013). Getting Grounded: Essays in the Metaphysics of Fundamentality. Dissertation, University of Notre Dame
    When doing metaphysics, it is frequently convenient and sometimes essential to rely upon various notions of fundamentality when articulating the problems, positions, and arguments at issue. But what it is, exactly, the relevant notions are supposed to track remains obscure. The goal of this dissertation is to develop and defend a theory about the metaphysics of fundamentality; by doing so, I clarify and vindicate the roles that notions of fundamentality play in metaphysics. At the theory’s core are (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  19.  6
    Agustín Rayo, Essence Without Fundamentality.
    I argue for a conception of essence that does not rely on distinctions of metaphysical fundamentality.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20. Kerry McKenzie (2011). Arguing Against Fundamentality. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 42 (4):244-255.
    This paper aims to open up discussion on the relationship between fundamentality and naturalism, and in particular on the question of whether fundamentality may be denied on naturalistic grounds. A historico-inductive argument for an anti-fundamentalist conclusion, prominent within contemporary metaphysical literature, is examined; finding it wanting, an alternative ‘internal’ strategy is proposed. By means of an example from the history of modern physics - namely S-matrix theory - it is demonstrated that this strategy can generate similar anti-fundamentalist conclusions (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  21. Mariam Thalos (2010). Two Conceptions of Fundamentality. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 41 (2):151-177.
    This article aims to show that fundamentality is construed differently in the two most prominent strategies of analysis we find in physical science and engineering today: (1) atomistic, reductive analysis and (2) Systems analysis. Correspondingly, atomism is the conception according to which the simplest (smallest) indivisible entity of a certain kind is most fundamental; while systemism , as will be articulated here, is the conception according to which the bonds that structure wholes are most fundamental, and scale and/or constituting (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  22.  9
    Agustín Rayo (2015). Essence Without Fundamentality. Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 30 (3):349-363.
    I argue for a conception of essence that does not rely on distinctions of metaphysical fundamentality.Defiendo una concepción de la esencia que no depende de distinciones de fundamentalidad metafísica.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23.  1
    Ioan Muntean (2015). Metaphysics From String Theory: S-Dualities, Fundamentality, Modality and Pluralism. In T. Bigaj & Ch Wuthrich (eds.), Metaphysics in Contemporary Physics. Brill/Rodopi 259–292.
    Some philosophers of science have suggested that contemporary science should be the source of inspiration to the new analytic metaphysics (A. Chakra vartty, C. Callender, S. French, J. Ladyman, T. Maudlin, etc.). This paper explores the prospect of a string metaphysics: a research program in analytic metaphysics based on string theory. Different forms of fundamentalism and pluralism are discussed in this context. The paper focus on string metaphysics with S-dualities (a relation between models of string theory at different coupling regimes) (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24. Ross P. Cameron (2008). Turtles All the Way Down: Regress, Priority and Fundamentality. Philosophical Quarterly 58 (230):1-14.
    I address an intuition commonly endorsed by metaphysicians, that there must be a fundamental layer of reality, i.e., that chains of ontological dependence must terminate: there cannot be turtles all the way down. I discuss applications of this intuition with reference to Bradley’s regress, composition, realism about the mental and the cosmological argument. I discuss some arguments for the intui- tion, but argue that they are unconvincing. I conclude by making some suggestions for how the intuition should be argued for, (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   44 citations  
  25.  44
    James Kreines (forthcoming). Fundamentality Without Metaphysical Monism. Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain.
  26. Kerry McKenzie (2014). Priority and Particle Physics: Ontic Structural Realism as a Fundamentality Thesis. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 65 (2):353-380.
    In this article, I address concerns that the ontological priority claims definitive of ontic structural realism are as they stand unclear, and I do so by placing these claims on a more rigorous formal footing than they typically have been hitherto. I first of all argue that Kit Fine’s analysis of ontological dependence furnishes us with an ontological priority relation that is particularly apt for structuralism. With that in place, and with reference to two case studies prominent within the structuralist (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  27. Matteo Morganti (2009). Ontological Priority, Fundamentality and Monism. Dialectica 63 (3):271-288.
    In recent work, the interrelated questions of whether there is a fundamental level to reality, whether ontological dependence must have an ultimate ground, and whether the monist thesis should be endorsed that the whole universe is ontologically prior to its parts have been explored with renewed interest. Jonathan Schaffer has provided arguments in favour of 'priority monism' in a series of articles (2003, 2004, 2007a, 2007b, forthcoming). In this paper, these arguments are analysed, and it is claimed that they are (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   11 citations  
  28. Jonathan Schaffer (2008). Truth and Fundamentality: On Merricks's Truth and Ontology. Philosophical Books 49 (4):302-316.
    Truth and Ontology is a lively book, brimming with arguments, and drawing the reader towards the radical conclusion that what is true does not depend on what there is. If there is a central line of argument, it is that the best account of truthmaking requires truths to be about their truthmakers, but negative existentials, modals, and claims about the past and future are not about what is, but rather about what is not, what might be, and what was and (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   11 citations  
  29.  30
    Philip Goff (forthcoming). Fundamentality and the Mind-Body Problem. Erkenntnis:1-18.
    In the recent metaphysics literature, a number of philosophers have independently endeavoured to marry sparse ontology to abundant truth. The aim is to keep ontological commitments minimal, whilst allowing true sentences to quantify over a vastly greater range of entities than those which they are ontologically committed to. For example, an ontological commitment only to concrete, microscopic simples might be conjoined with a commitment to truths such as ‘There are twenty people working in this building’ and ‘There are prime numbers (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30.  17
    Kerry McKenzie (forthcoming). Relativities of Fundamentality. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31.  20
    Andrew McFarland, Metaphysics and Natural Kinds: Slingshots, Fundamentality, and Causal Structure.
    My dissertation addresses a question relevant to metaphysics, philosophy of language, and philosophy of science: What are natural kinds? I explore a view that holds that natural kinds are complex, structural properties that involve causal structure. Causal structure describes the idea that for the many properties associated with natural kinds, these properties are nomically linked - that is causally connected - in such a way that the properties of non-natural kinds are not. After criticizing arguments in favor of a nominalist (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32.  10
    Agustin Rayo (2015). Essence Without Fundamentality. Theoria. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science 30 (3):349-363.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33.  44
    Tian Yu Cao (2003). Appendix: Ontological Relativity and Fundamentality – is QFT the Fundamental Theory? Synthese 136 (1):25 - 30.
  34.  21
    Abd al-Rasul‘Ubudiyyat (2007). The Fundamentality of Existence and the Subjectivity of Quiddity. Topoi 26 (2):201-212.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35.  12
    Daniel C. Russell (2008). Agent-Based Virtue Ethics and the Fundamentality of Virtue. American Philosophical Quarterly 45 (4):329 - 347.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36.  8
    Daniel Wohlfarth (2013). A New View of “Fundamentality” for Time Asymmetries in Modern Physics. In Vassilios Karakostas & Dennis Dieks (eds.), Epsa11 Perspectives and Foundational Problems in Philosophy of Science. Springer 281--292.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37.  1
    Kerry McKenzie (2011). Arguing Against Fundamentality. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 42 (4):244-255.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  5
    Peter Simons (2013). Fundamentality, and Freedom. In Sophie C. Gibb & Rögnvaldur Ingthorsson (eds.), Mental Causation and Ontology. Oxford University Press 233.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39. Peter Simons (2013). Continuant Causation, Fundamentality, and Freedom. In Sophie C. Gibb & Rögnvaldur Ingthorsson (eds.), Mental Causation and Ontology. Oxford University Press
  40. Cao Tianyu (2003). Appendix: Ontological Relativity and Fundamentality. Synthese 136:25-30.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41.  95
    Jan Plate (2016). Logically Simple Properties and Relations. Philosophers' Imprint 16 (1):1-40.
    This paper presents an account of what it is for a property or relation (or ‘attribute’ for short) to be logically simple. Based on this account, it is shown, among other things, that the logically simple attributes are in at least one important way sparse. This in turn lends support to the view that the concept of a logically simple attribute can be regarded as a promising substitute for Lewis’s concept of a perfectly natural attribute. At least in part, the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42. Tuomas E. Tahko (2014). Boring Infinite Descent. Metaphilosophy 45 (2):257-269.
    In formal ontology, infinite regresses are generally considered a bad sign. One debate where such regresses come into play is the debate about fundamentality. Arguments in favour of some type of fundamentalism are many, but they generally share the idea that infinite chains of ontological dependence must be ruled out. Some motivations for this view are assessed in this article, with the conclusion that such infinite chains may not always be vicious. Indeed, there may even be room for a (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  43.  58
    Nathan Wildman (forthcoming). On Shaky Ground? In Ricki Bliss & Graham Priest (eds.), Reality and its Structure. Oxford University Press
    The past decade and a half has seen an absolute explosion of literature discussing the structure of reality. One particular focus here has been on the fundamental. However, while there has been extensive discussion, numerous fundamental questions about fundamentality have not been touched upon. In this chapter, I focus on one such lacuna about the modal strength of fundamentality. More specifically, I am interested in exploring the contingent fundamentality thesis - that is, the idea that the fundamentalia (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44. Kris McDaniel (2013). Degrees of Being. Philosophers' Imprint 13 (19).
    Let us agree that everything that there is exists, and that to be, to be real, and to exist are one and the same. Does everything that there is exist to the same degree? Or do some things exist more than others? Are there gradations of being? I argue that some entities exist more than others. Moreover, many of the notions in play in contemporary metaphysical discourse, such as fundamentality, perfect naturalness, and grounding ought to be cashed out in (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  45. Tuomas E. Tahko (2013). Metaphysics as the First Philosophy. In Edward Feser (ed.), Aristotle on Method and Metaphysics. Palgrave Macmillan
    Aristotle talks about 'the first philosophy' throughout the Metaphysics – and it is metaphysics that Aristotle considers to be the first philosophy – but he never makes it entirely clear what first philosophy consists of. What he does make clear is that the first philosophy is not to be understood as a collection of topics that should be studied in advance of any other topics. In fact, Aristotle seems to have thought that the topics of Metaphysics are to be studied (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46.  20
    Graham Oppy (2014). Describing Gods: An Investigation of Divine Attributes. Cambridge University Press.
    This book begins with a careful taxonomy of divine attributes. It continues with detailed examinations of: divine infinity; divine simplicity; divine perfection; divine necessity; omnipotence; omniscience; divine goodness; divine beauty; divine fundamentality; divine will; divine freedom; etc.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  47. Kathrin Koslicki (2015). Questions of Ontology. In Stephan Blatti & Sandra Lapointe (eds.), Ontology After Carnap. Oxford University Press
    Following W.V. Quine’s lead, many metaphysicians consider ontology to be concerned primarily with existential questions of the form, “What is there?”. Moreover, if the position advanced by Rudolf Carnap, in his seminal essay, “Empiricism, Semantics, and Ontology ”, is correct, then many of these existential ontological questions ought to be classified as either trivially answerable or as “pseudo-questions”. One may justifiably wonder, however, whether the Quinean and Carnapian perspective on ontology really does justice to many of the most central concerns (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48. Riin Sirkel & Tuomas E. Tahko (eds.) (2014). Aristotelian Metaphysics: Essence and Ground. Studia Philosophica Estonica, Vol 7.2.
    This special issue centers around Aristotelian metaphysics, construed broadly to cover both scholarly research on Aristotle’s metaphysics, as well as work by contemporary metaphysicians on Aristotelian themes. It focuses on two themes in Aristotelian metaphysics, namely essence and grounding, and their connections. A variety of related questions regarding dependence, priority, fundamentality, explanation, causation, substance, and modality also receive attention.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49. Tuomas E. Tahko (2015). An Introduction to Metametaphysics. Cambridge University Press.
    How do we come to know metaphysical truths? How does metaphysical inquiry work? Are metaphysical debates substantial? These are the questions which characterize metametaphysics. This book, the first systematic student introduction dedicated to metametaphysics, discusses the nature of metaphysics - its methodology, epistemology, ontology and our access to metaphysical knowledge. It provides students with a firm grounding in the basics of metametaphysics, covering a broad range of topics in metaontology such as existence, quantification, ontological commitment and ontological realism. Contemporary views (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50. Tuomas E. Tahko & E. J. Lowe, Ontological Dependence. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Ontological dependence is a relation—or, more accurately, a family of relations—between entities or beings. For there are various ways in which one being may be said to depend upon one or more other beings, in a sense of “depend” that is distinctly metaphysical in character and that may be contrasted, thus, with various causal senses of this word. More specifically, a being may be said to depend, in such a sense, upon one or more other beings for its existence or (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   15 citations  
1 — 50 / 128