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  1. Ernest Wilcox Adams (1956). Axiomatic Foundations of Rigid Body Mechanics. Dissertation, Stanford University
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  2. Diederik Aerts & Fritz Rohrlich (1998). Reduction. Foundations of Science 3 (1):27-35.
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  3. Evandro Agazzi (1978). Systems Theory and the Problem of Reductionism. Erkenntnis 12 (3):339 - 358.
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  4. Hieke Alexander & Leitgeb Hannes (eds.) (2009). Reduction, Abstraction, Analysis. Ontos Verlag.
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  5. Peter Alward, Comments on Patrick McGivern's “Parts of Properties: Realization as Decomposition”.
    My main reaction to MCGivern’s paper was one of dialectical puzzlement. Block argues that, Macro Non-Reduction: [all] macro properties are irreducible to the micro properties on which they supervene..
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  6. Mike Anderson (1999). The Science of Life as Seen Through Rose-Coloured Glasses. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):886-887.
    This commentary takes issue with two of Rose's central themes from the perspective of the psychology of intelligence. In the case of reductionism, I argue that Rose fails to live up to his own rhetoric by claiming a veto from his own discipline (biology) over facts of the matter in another (psychology). In the case of “Lifelines,” Rose's argument is contradicted by evidence from both individual differences and developmental change in intelligence.
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  7. Robert Anderson (1960). Reduction of Variants as a Measure of Cultural Integration. In Gertrude Evelyn Dole (ed.), Essays in the Science of Culture. New York, Crowell
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  8. Harald Atmanspacher (2006). Contextual Emergence in the Description of Properties. Foundations of Physics 36 (12):1753-1777.
    The role of contingent contexts in formulating relations between properties of systems at different descriptive levels is addressed. Based on the distinction between necessary and sufficient conditions for interlevel relations, a comprehensive classification of such relations is proposed, providing a transparent conceptual framework for discussing particular versions of reduction, emergence, and supervenience. One of these versions, contextual emergence, is demonstrated using two physical examples: molecular structure and chirality, and thermal equilibrium and temperature. The concept of stability is emphasized as a (...)
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  9. Jose M. Badia, Peter Benner, Rafael Mayo & Enrique S. Quintana-Orti (2006). Minisymposia-IV Substructuring, Dimension Reduction and Applications-Parallel Algorithms for Balanced Truncation Model Reduction of Sparse Systems. In O. Stock & M. Schaerf (eds.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer-Verlag 267-275.
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  10. Martin Barker (1980). Against Biological Reductionism. Radical Philosophy 25:42.
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  11. Ansgar Beckermann (2001). Physicalism and New Wave Reductionism. Grazer Philosophische Studien 61:257-261.
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  12. Jules Bednarski (1957). La Réduction Husserlienne. Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 62 (4):416 - 435.
  13. Jan Berg (1971). On an Argument Against Reduction Sentences. Philosophy of Science 38 (1):118-120.
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  14. M. Berry (2010). Alisa Bokulich * Reexamining the Quantum-Classical Relation: Beyond Reductionism and Pluralism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 61 (4):889-895.
  15. Marta Bertolaso (2012). The Non-Reductionist Dimension of Reductionism in Experimental Research From Molecular Models to Those Systemic in Cancer Research. Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 104 (4):687-705.
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  16. J. Bickle (2000). Psychoneural Reduction (B. Hannan). Philosophical Books 41 (1):53-54.
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  17. Gregory Bock, Jamie Goode, Novartis Foundation & Symposium on the Limits of Reductionism in Biology (1998). The Limits of Reductionism in Biology.
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  18. J. Bouveresse (1976). Essentialism Reduction and Ultimate Explanation. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 30 (117):411-434.
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  19. Ingo Brigandt (2010). Review of Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation – Jakob Hohwy and Jesper Kallestrup (Eds). [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 60 (241):873-875.
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  20. Gordon G. Brittan Jr (1970). Explanation and Reduction. Journal of Philosophy 67 (13):446-457.
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  21. Gordon G. Brittan (1970). Explanation And Reduction. Journal of Philosophy 67 (July):446-456.
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  22. D. H. M. Brooks (1994). How to Perform a Reduction. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (4):803-14.
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  23. Gerd Buchdahl (1981). Reduction-Realization: A Key to the Structure of Kant's Thought. Philosophical Topics 12 (2):39-98.
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  24. Michael Byron (2014). Right-Making, Reference, and Reduction. Disputatio 6:139-145.
    The causal theory of reference (CTR) provides a well-articulated and widely-accepted account of the reference relation. On CTR the reference of a term is fixed by whatever property causally regulates the competent use of that term. CTR poses a metaethical challenge to realists by demanding an account of the properties that regulate the competent use of normative predicates. CTR might pose a challenge to ethical theorists as well. Long argues that CTR entails the falsity of any normative ethical theory. First-order (...)
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  25. Philippe Cabestan (2000). Psychologie, réduction et intentionnalité. Études Phénoménologiques 16 (31-32):145-164.
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  26. Robyn Carston (1987). Multiple Review. Mind and Language 2 (4):333-349.
    Gavagai! or the Future History of the Animal Language Controversy. By DAVID PREMACK.
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  27. Rueylin Chen (2007). Reduction Against the Irreducible The Philosophy of Biology in the Logical Empiricist Program. Soochow Journal of Philosophical Studies 16:153 - 180.
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  28. Xiaoping Chen (2010). How Does Downward Causation Exist?—A Comment on Kim's Elimination of Downward Causation. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 5 (4):652-665.
    The importance of downward causation lies in showing that it shows that functional properties such as mental properties are real, although they cannot be reduced to physical properties. Kim rejects nonreductive physicalism, which includes leading functionalism, by eliminating downward causation, and thereby returns to reductionism. In this paper, I make a distinction between two aspects of function—functional meaning and functional structure and argue that functional meaning cannot be reduced to the physical level whereas functional structure can. On this basis, I (...)
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  29. M. L. Dalla Chiara & G. Toraldo Francia (1974). Is Self-Reduction Paradoxical? Studia Logica 33 (4):345 - 348.
  30. Justin Clarke-Doane (2008). Multiple Reductions Revisited. Philosophia Mathematica 16 (2):244-255.
    Paul Benacerraf's argument from multiple reductions consists of a general argument against realism about the natural numbers (the view that numbers are objects), and a limited argument against reductionism about them (the view that numbers are identical with prima facie distinct entities). There is a widely recognized and severe difficulty with the former argument, but no comparably recognized such difficulty with the latter. Even so, reductionism in mathematics continues to thrive. In this paper I develop a difficulty for Benacerraf's argument (...)
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  31. José Alberto Coffa (1967). Feyerabend on Explanation and Reduction. Journal of Philosophy 64 (16):500-508.
  32. Jean-Pierre Couteron (2011). La Réduction des risques. Multitudes 1 (1):64-70.
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  33. Eric B. Dayton (1975). Reinhardt Grossmann's "Ontological Reduction". [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 35 (4):582.
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  34. Huib L. de Jong (2002). Levels of Explanation in Biological Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 15 (4):441-462.
    Until recently, the notions of function and multiple realization were supposed to save the autonomy of psychological explanations. Furthermore, the concept of supervenience presumably allows both dependence of mind on brain and non-reducibility of mind to brain, reconciling materialism with an independent explanatory role for mental and functional concepts and explanations. Eliminativism is often seen as the main or only alternative to such autonomy. It gladly accepts abandoning or thoroughly reconstructing the psychological level, and considers reduction if successful as equivalent (...)
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  35. de Joong & Schouten (eds.) (forthcoming). Rethinking Reduction. Oxford, Blackwell.
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  36. Natalie Depraz, Francisco J. Varela & Pierre Vermersch (2000). La réduction a l'épreuve de l'expérience. Études Phénoménologiques 16 (31-32):165-184.
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  37. Michael Deutsch & M. Deutsch (1992). Ein neuer beweis und eine verschärfung für den reduktionstyp ∀∃∀∞(0, 1) mit einer anwendung auf die spektrale darstellung Von prädikaten. [REVIEW] Mathematical Logic Quarterly 38 (1):559-574.
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  38. Dennis Dieks & Henk W. de Regt (1998). Reduction and Understanding. Foundations of Science 3 (1):45-59.
    Reductionism, in the sense of the doctrine that theories on different levels of reality should exhibit strict and general relations of deducibility, faces well-known difficulties. Nevertheless, the idea that deeper layers of reality are responsible for what happens at higher levels is well-entrenched in scientific practice. We argue that the intuition behind this idea is adequately captured by the notion of supervenience: the physical state of the fundamental physical layers fixes the states of the higher levels. Supervenience is weaker than (...)
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  39. A. Dobosz (1988). La Vie Naturelle, la Réduction Phénoménologique Et la Tradition de Pensée Magique. Studia Filozoficzne 270:141-154.
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  40. Mauro Dorato & Matteo Morganti (2013). Grades of Individuality. A Pluralistic View of Identity in Quantum Mechanics and in the Sciences. Philosophical Studies 163 (3):591-610.
    This paper offers a critical assessment of the current state of the debate about the identity and individuality of material objects. Its main aim, in particular, is to show that, in a sense to be carefully specified, the opposition between the Leibnizian ‘reductionist’ tradition, based on discernibility, and the sort of ‘primitivism’ that denies that facts of identity and individuality must be analysable has become outdated. In particular, it is argued that—contrary to a widespread consensus—‘naturalised’ metaphysics supports both the acceptability (...)
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  41. Berent Enc (1976). Identity Statements and Microreductions. Journal of Philosophy 73 (June):285-306.
    The view that scientific reduction succeeds by establishing property identities is challenged. it is argued that, instead of identity statements making reductions successful, the fact that a reduction is successful makes the identity statements possible. the argument proceeds first by showing that an explanatory asymmetry is generated by statements expressing property identities, second by locating the source of the asymmetry in a "generative relation" that obtains between the two properties. it is then argued that reduction succeeds only if the reducing (...)
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  42. Michael Esfeld, Christian Sachse & Patrice Soom (2012). Marrying the Merits of Nagelian Reduction and Functional Reduction. Acta Analytica 27 (3):217-230.
    This paper points out the merit of Nagelian reduction, namely to propose a model of inter-theoretic reduction that retains the scientific quality of the reduced theory and the merit of functional reduction, namely to take multiple realization into account and to offer reductive explanations. By considering Lewis and Kim’s proposal for local reductions, we establish that functional reduction fails to achieve a theory reduction and cannot retain the scientific quality of the reduced theory. We improve on that proposal by showing (...)
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  43. Kit Fine (2003). The Problem of Possibilia. In Michael J. Loux & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Metaphysics. Oxford University Press 161-179.
    Are there, in addition to the various actual objects that make up the world, various possible objects? Are there merely possible people, for example, or merely possible electrons, or even merely possible kinds? We certainly talk as if there were such things. Given a particular sperm and egg, I may wonder whether that particular child which would result from their union would have blue eyes. But if the sperm and egg are never in fact brought together, then there is no (...)
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  44. João Fonseca, On the Non-Elimination of Mental States by Adopting a Ruthless-Reductive Stance.
    In several places, John Bickle claims that current neuroscientific practice provides actual cellular/molecular reductions of certain mental states. He gives the case study of ‘memory consolidation switch’ as an example where recent findings suggest that this mental state/process can be reduced to the molecular ‘cAMP, PKA, CREB Pathway’. Taking this example, Bickle ‘waves the eleminativist flag’ by claiming that psychological explanations loose their pertinence (or, as he says, ‘became otiose’) once a cellular/molecular explanation replaces them. On this paper I’ll try (...)
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  45. Denis Forest, Comments on W. Bechtel.
    The first part of this paper deals with the relations between mechanistic explanation and reduction. It is argued that there is no insuperable conflict between the two, but that the mechanistic framework adds requirements that are not acknowledged in the model of property reduction. The second part concerns the relations between organization and environmental factors. Internal organization may be so tightly linked to external context that both have to be considered together.
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  46. Göran Friborg (1969). The Reduction of the Brain Drain: Problems and Polices. [REVIEW] Minerva 7 (4):760-761.
  47. Kenneth Friedman (1982). Is Intertheoretic Reduction Feasible? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 33 (1):17-40.
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  48. R. Gallie (1977). GROSSMAN, R. "Ontological Reduction". [REVIEW] Mind 86:624.
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  49. Lutz Geldsetzer (1975). Theory of Science I. Definition and Reduction. Philosophy and History 8 (2):183-185.
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  50. Raoul Gervais (2012). Op het snijvlak van cognitie, wetenschap en filosofie: inter-theoretische relaties in de twintigste eeuw. Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 104 (1):21-38.
    This article provides a critical survey of the debate on intertheoretic relations, with particular emphasis on the cognitive sciences. I begin by distinguishing two opposing sides, reductionism and antireductionism, and proceed by tracking the changes these positions underwent in the twentieth century. It appears that these changes consist to a significant degree in smoothing out the rough edges of both, so that the original positions can be understood as crude extremes. The monistic accounts of intertheoretic relations were traded in for (...)
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