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  1. Diederik Aerts & Fritz Rohrlich (1998). Reduction. Foundations of Science 3 (1):27-35.
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  2. Evandro Agazzi (1978). Systems Theory and the Problem of Reductionism. Erkenntnis 12 (3):339 - 358.
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  3. Peter Alward, Comments on Patrick McGivern's “Parts of Properties: Realization as Decomposition”.
    My main reaction to MCGivern’s paper was one of dialectical puzzlement. Block argues that, Macro Non-Reduction: [all] macro properties are irreducible to the micro properties on which they supervene..
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  4. Robert Anderson (1960). Reduction of Variants as a Measure of Cultural Integration. In Gertrude Evelyn Dole (ed.), Essays in the Science of Culture. New York, Crowell.
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  5. Harald Atmanspacher (2006). Contextual Emergence in the Description of Properties. Foundations of Physics 36 (12):1753-1777.
    The role of contingent contexts in formulating relations between properties of systems at different descriptive levels is addressed. Based on the distinction between necessary and sufficient conditions for interlevel relations, a comprehensive classification of such relations is proposed, providing a transparent conceptual framework for discussing particular versions of reduction, emergence, and supervenience. One of these versions, contextual emergence, is demonstrated using two physical examples: molecular structure and chirality, and thermal equilibrium and temperature. The concept of stability is emphasized as a (...)
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  6. Jose M. Badia, Peter Benner, Rafael Mayo & Enrique S. Quintana-Orti (2006). Minisymposia-IV Substructuring, Dimension Reduction and Applications-Parallel Algorithms for Balanced Truncation Model Reduction of Sparse Systems. In O. Stock & M. Schaerf (eds.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer-Verlag. 267-275.
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  7. William Bechtel (1999). Jennifer Mundale Express the Concernthat Nonreductive Materialism Will Have This Sort of Result-" Multiple RealizabilityRevisited: Linking Cognitive and Neural States,". Philosophy of Science 66:175-207.
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  8. Ansgar Beckermann (2001). Physicalism and New Wave Reductionism. Grazer Philosophische Studien 61:257-261.
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  9. Jan Berg (1971). On an Argument Against Reduction Sentences. Philosophy of Science 38 (1):118-120.
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  10. M. Berry (2010). Alisa Bokulich * Reexamining the Quantum-Classical Relation: Beyond Reductionism and Pluralism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 61 (4):889-895.
  11. Marta Bertolaso (2012). The Non-Reductionist Dimension of Reductionism in Experimental Research From Molecular Models to Those Systemic in Cancer Research. Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 104 (4):687-705.
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  12. J. Bickle (2000). Psychoneural Reduction (B. Hannan). Philosophical Books 41 (1):53-54.
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  13. Maria Black (1987). Multiple Review. Mind and Language 2 (4):354-357.
    Language and Experience: Evidence from the Blind Child. By BARBARA LANDAU and LILA R. GLEITMAN.
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  14. J. Bouveresse (1976). Essentialism Reduction and Ultimate Explanation. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 30 (117):411-434.
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  15. Ingo Brigandt, Reductionism in the Philosophy of Science.
    Reductionism in the Philosophy of Science develops a novel account of reduction in science and applies it to the relationship between classical and molecular genetics. However, rather than addressing the epistemological issues that have been essential to the reductionism debate in philosophy of biology, the discussion primarily pursues ontological questions, as they are known, about reducing the mental to the physical. For Sachse construes reductionism as a purely philosophical endeavor and defends the possibility of reduction in principle, which may not (...)
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  16. Gordon G. Brittan Jr (1970). Explanation and Reduction. Journal of Philosophy 67 (13):446-457.
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  17. Gordon G. Brittan (1970). Explanation And Reduction. Journal of Philosophy 67 (July):446-456.
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  18. D. H. M. Brooks (1994). How to Perform a Reduction. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (4):803-14.
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  19. Gerd Buchdahl (1981). Reduction-Realization: A Key to the Structure of Kant's Thought. Philosophical Topics 12 (2):39-98.
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  20. Michael Byron (forthcoming). Right-Making, Reference, and Reduction. Disputatio.
    Byron_Right-Making, Reference, and Reduction.
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  21. Philippe Cabestan (2000). Psychologie, réduction et intentionnalité. Études Phénoménologiques 16 (31-32):145-164.
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  22. Robyn Carston (1987). Multiple Review. Mind and Language 2 (4):333-349.
    Gavagai! or the Future History of the Animal Language Controversy. By DAVID PREMACK.
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  23. Rueylin Chen (2007). Reduction Against the Irreducible The Philosophy of Biology in the Logical Empiricist Program. Soochow Journal of Philosophical Studies 16:153 - 180.
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  24. Xiaoping Chen (2010). How Does Downward Causation Exist?—A Comment on Kim's Elimination of Downward Causation. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 5 (4):652-665.
    The importance of downward causation lies in showing that it shows that functional properties such as mental properties are real, although they cannot be reduced to physical properties. Kim rejects nonreductive physicalism, which includes leading functionalism, by eliminating downward causation, and thereby returns to reductionism. In this paper, I make a distinction between two aspects of function—functional meaning and functional structure and argue that functional meaning cannot be reduced to the physical level whereas functional structure can. On this basis, I (...)
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  25. Colin Cheyne (1993). Reduction, Elimination, and Firewalking. Philosophy of Science 60 (2):349-357.
    Schwartz (1991) argues that the worry that successful reduction would eliminate rather than conserve the mental is a needless worry. He examines cases of reduction from the natural sciences and claims that if reduction of the mental is like any of those cases then it would not be a case of elimination. I discuss other cases of scientific reduction which do involve elimination. Schwartz has not shown that reduction of the mental could not be like such cases, so his argument (...)
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  26. M. L. Dalla Chiara & G. Toraldo Francia (1974). Is Self-Reduction Paradoxical? Studia Logica 33 (4):345 - 348.
  27. Austen Clark (1980). Psychological Models and Neural Mechanisms: An Examination of Reductionism in Psychology. Oxford University Press.
  28. Justin Clarke-Doane (2008). Multiple Reductions Revisited. Philosophia Mathematica 16 (2):244-255.
    Paul Benacerraf's argument from multiple reductions consists of a general argument against realism about the natural numbers (the view that numbers are objects), and a limited argument against reductionism about them (the view that numbers are identical with prima facie distinct entities). There is a widely recognized and severe difficulty with the former argument, but no comparably recognized such difficulty with the latter. Even so, reductionism in mathematics continues to thrive. In this paper I develop a difficulty for Benacerraf's argument (...)
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  29. Antonella Corradini (2010). 15 How Special Are Special Sciences? In Antonella Corradini & Timothy O'Connor (eds.), Emergence in Science and Philosophy. Routledge. 6--289.
  30. Jean-Pierre Couteron (2011). La Réduction des risques. Multitudes 1 (1):64-70.
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  31. Jonathan Dancy (1987). Multiple Review. Mind and Language 2 (3):270-276.
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  32. Huib L. de Jong (2002). Levels of Explanation in Biological Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 15 (4):441-462.
    Until recently, the notions of function and multiple realization were supposed to save the autonomy of psychological explanations. Furthermore, the concept of supervenience presumably allows both dependence of mind on brain and non-reducibility of mind to brain, reconciling materialism with an independent explanatory role for mental and functional concepts and explanations. Eliminativism is often seen as the main or only alternative to such autonomy. It gladly accepts abandoning or thoroughly reconstructing the psychological level, and considers reduction if successful as equivalent (...)
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  33. Natalie Depraz, Francisco J. Varela & Pierre Vermersch (2000). La réduction a l'épreuve de l'expérience. Études Phénoménologiques 16 (31-32):165-184.
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  34. Michael Deutsch & M. Deutsch (1992). Ein neuer beweis und eine verschärfung für den reduktionstyp ∀∃∀∞(0, 1) mit einer anwendung auf die spektrale darstellung Von prädikaten. [REVIEW] Mathematical Logic Quarterly 38 (1):559-574.
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  35. A. Dobosz (1988). La Vie Naturelle, la Réduction Phénoménologique Et la Tradition de Pensée Magique. Studia Filozoficzne 270:141-154.
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  36. Mauro Dorato & Matteo Morganti (2013). Grades of Individuality. A Pluralistic View of Identity in Quantum Mechanics and in the Sciences. Philosophical Studies 163 (3):591-610.
    This paper offers a critical assessment of the current state of the debate about the identity and individuality of material objects. Its main aim, in particular, is to show that, in a sense to be carefully specified, the opposition between the Leibnizian ‘reductionist’ tradition, based on discernibility, and the sort of ‘primitivism’ that denies that facts of identity and individuality must be analysable has become outdated. In particular, it is argued that—contrary to a widespread consensus—‘naturalised’ metaphysics supports both the acceptability (...)
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  37. Michael Esfeld (2010). Can Any Sciences Be Special? Comments on Papineau. In Graham Macdonald & Cynthia Macdonald (eds.), Emergence in Mind. Oxford University Press. 198.
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  38. Michael Esfeld, Christian Sachse & Patrice Soom (2012). Marrying the Merits of Nagelian Reduction and Functional Reduction. Acta Analytica 27 (3):217-230.
    This paper points out the merit of Nagelian reduction, namely to propose a model of inter-theoretic reduction that retains the scientific quality of the reduced theory and the merit of functional reduction, namely to take multiple realization into account and to offer reductive explanations. By considering Lewis and Kim’s proposal for local reductions, we establish that functional reduction fails to achieve a theory reduction and cannot retain the scientific quality of the reduced theory. We improve on that proposal by showing (...)
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  39. Kit Fine (2005). The Reduction of Possiblia. In Michael J. Loux & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Metaphysics. Oup Oxford.
  40. Denis Forest, Comments on W. Bechtel.
    The first part of this paper deals with the relations between mechanistic explanation and reduction. It is argued that there is no insuperable conflict between the two, but that the mechanistic framework adds requirements that are not acknowledged in the model of property reduction. The second part concerns the relations between organization and environmental factors. Internal organization may be so tightly linked to external context that both have to be considered together.
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  41. Göran Friborg (1969). The Reduction of the Brain Drain: Problems and Polices. [REVIEW] Minerva 7 (4):760-761.
  42. Kenneth Friedman (1982). Is Intertheoretic Reduction Feasible? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 33 (1):17-40.
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  43. Millikan Ruth Garrett (1999). Historical Kinds and the``Special Sciences''. Philosophical Studies 95.
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  44. Lutz Geldsetzer (1975). Theory of Science I. Definition and Reduction. Philosophy and History 8 (2):183-185.
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  45. Raoul Gervais (2012). Op het snijvlak van cognitie, wetenschap en filosofie: inter-theoretische relaties in de twintigste eeuw. Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 104 (1):21-38.
    This article provides a critical survey of the debate on intertheoretic relations, with particular emphasis on the cognitive sciences. I begin by distinguishing two opposing sides, reductionism and antireductionism, and proceed by tracking the changes these positions underwent in the twentieth century. It appears that these changes consist to a significant degree in smoothing out the rough edges of both, so that the original positions can be understood as crude extremes. The monistic accounts of intertheoretic relations were traded in for (...)
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  46. Partha Ghose (2002). A Continuous Transition Between Quantum and Classical Mechanics. I. Foundations of Physics 32 (6):871-892.
    In spite of its popularity, it has not been possible to vindicate the conventional wisdom that classical mechanics is a limiting case of quantum mechanics. The purpose of the present paper is to offer an alternative formulation of mechanics which provides a continuous transition between quantum and classical mechanics via environment-induced decoherence.
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  47. Partha Ghose & Manoj K. Samal (2002). A Continuous Transition Between Quantum and Classical Mechanics. II. Foundations of Physics 32 (6):893-906.
    Examples are worked out using a new equation proposed in the previous paper to show that it has new physical predictions for mesoscopic systems.
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  48. Carl Gillett (2007). Understanding the New Reductionism: The Metaphysics of Science and Compositional Reduction. Journal of Philosophy 104 (4):193-216.
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  49. Stuart Glennan (2010). Mechanisms, Causes, and the Layered Model of the World. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 81 (2):362-381.
    Most philosophical accounts of causation take causal relations to obtain between individuals and events in virtue of nomological relations between properties of these individuals and events. Such views fail to take into account the consequences of the fact that in general the properties of individuals and events will depend upon mechanisms that realize those properties. In this paper I attempt to rectify this failure, and in so doing to provide an account of the causal relevance of higher-level properties. I do (...)
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  50. Peter Godfrey-Smith (2008). Reduction in Real Life. In Jakob Hohwy & Jesper Kallestrup (eds.), Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation. Oxford University Press.
    The main message of the paper is that there is a disconnect between what many philosophers of mind think of as the scientific practice of reductive or reductionist explanation, and what the most relevant scientific work is actually like. I will sketch what I see as a better view, drawing on various ideas in recent philosophy of science. I then import these ideas into the philosophy of mind, to see what difference they make.1 At the end of the paper I (...)
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