Results for 'Attribute'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Attributability, Answerability, and Accountability: Toward a Wider Theory of Moral Responsibility.David Shoemaker - 2011 - Ethics 121 (3):602-632.
    Recently T. M. Scanlon and others have advanced an ostensibly comprehensive theory of moral responsibility—a theory of both being responsible and being held responsible—that best accounts for our moral practices. I argue that both aspects of the Scanlonian theory fail this test. A truly comprehensive theory must incorporate and explain three distinct conceptions of responsibility—attributability, answerability, and accountability—and the Scanlonian view conflates the first two and ignores the importance of the third. To illustrate what a truly comprehensive theory might look (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   82 citations  
  2. Knowledge Attributions in Iterated Fake Barn Cases.John Turri - 2017 - Analysis 77 (1):104-115.
    In a single-iteration fake barn case, the agent correctly identifies an object of interest on the first try, despite the presence of nearby lookalikes that could have mislead her. In a multiple-iteration fake barn case, the agent first encounters several fakes, misidentifies each of them, and then encounters and correctly identifies a genuine item of interest. Prior work has established that people tend to attribute knowledge in single-iteration fake barn cases, but multiple-iteration cases have not been tested. However, some (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  3. Attributing Agency to Automated Systems: Reflections on Human–Robot Collaborations and Responsibility-Loci.Sven Nyholm - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (4):1201-1219.
    Many ethicists writing about automated systems attribute agency to these systems. Not only that; they seemingly attribute an autonomous or independent form of agency to these machines. This leads some ethicists to worry about responsibility-gaps and retribution-gaps in cases where automated systems harm or kill human beings. In this paper, I consider what sorts of agency it makes sense to attribute to most current forms of automated systems, in particular automated cars and military robots. I argue that (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  4. The Attributive/Referential Distinction, Pragmatics, Modularity of Mind and Modularization.Alessandro Capone - 2011 - Australian Journal of Linguistics 31 (2): 153-186.
    attributive/referential. Pragmatic intrusion.
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  5.  45
    Attribution of Beliefs by 13-Month-Old Infants.Dan Sperber & Stefania Caldi - unknown
    In two experiments, we investigated whether 13-month-old infants expect agents to behave in a way consistent with information to which they have been exposed. Infants watched animations in which an animal was either provided information or prevented from gathering information about the actual location of an object. The animal then searched successfully or failed to retrieve it. Infants’ looking times suggest that they expected searches to be effective when—and only when—the agent had had access to the relevant information. This result (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   60 citations  
  6. Attributability, Answerability, and Accountability: In Defense of a Unified Account.Angela M. Smith - 2012 - Ethics 122 (3):575-589.
  7. Attributability, Accountability, and Implicit Bias.Zheng Robin - 2016 - In Jennifer Saul & Michael Brownstein (eds.), Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 2: Moral Responsibility, Structural Injustice, and Ethics. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 62-89.
    This chapter distinguishes between two concepts of moral responsibility. We are responsible for our actions in the first sense only when those actions reflect our identities as moral agents, i.e. when they are attributable to us. We are responsible in the second sense when it is appropriate for others to enforce certain expectations and demands on those actions, i.e. to hold us accountable for them. This distinction allows for an account of moral responsibility for implicit bias, defended here, on which (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  8.  38
    An Attributional Theory of Achievement Motivation and Emotion.Bernard Weiner - 1985 - Psychological Review 92 (4):548-573.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   137 citations  
  9. Goal Attribution Without Agency Cues: The Perception of ‘Pure Reason’ in Infancy.Gergely Csibra, György Gergely, Szilvia Bı́ró, Orsolya Koós & Margaret Brockbank - 1999 - Cognition 72 (3):237-267.
  10.  19
    Coherence Attribute at Different Spectral Scales.Fangyu Li & Wenkai Lu - 2014 - Interpretation: SEG 2 (1):SA99-SA106.
    In general, we wish to interpret the most broadband data possible. However, broadband data do not always provide the best insight for seismic attribute analysis. Obviously, spectral bands contaminated by noise should be eliminated. However, tuning gives rise to spectral bands with higher signal-to-noise ratios. To quantify geologic discontinuities in different scales, we combined spectral decomposition and coherence. Using spectral decomposition, the spectral amplitudes corresponding to a given scale geologic discontinuity, as well as some subtle features, which would otherwise (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  11.  14
    Attribute Selection in Seismic Facies Classification: Application to a Gulf of Mexico 3D Seismic Survey and the Barnett Shale.Yuji Kim, Robert Hardisty & Kurt J. Marfurt - 2019 - Interpretation 7 (3):SE281-SE297.
    Automated seismic facies classification using machine-learning algorithms is becoming more common in the geophysics industry. Seismic attributes are frequently used as input because they may express geologic patterns or depositional environments better than the original seismic amplitude. Selecting appropriate attributes becomes a crucial part of the seismic facies classification analysis. For unsupervised learning, principal component analysis can reduce the dimensions of the data while maintaining the highest variance possible. For supervised learning, the best attribute subset can be built by (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  12.  15
    Personal Attributes, Organizational Conditions, and Ethical Attitudes: A Social Cognitive Approach.Dirk Holtbrügge, Anastasia Baron & Carina B. Friedmann - 2015 - Business Ethics: A European Review 24 (3):264-281.
    This paper investigates the impact of personal attributes and organizational conditions on attitudes toward corporate misdeeds. On the basis of social cognitive theory, we develop hypotheses that are tested against data collected from 215 German employees using an online survey. Our findings suggest that personal attributes have a much greater impact on ethical attitudes than organizational conditions. Further, a moderating effect of control-oriented culture on the relationship between personality traits and attitudes toward corporate misdeeds is found. We derive implications for (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  13. Attributability, Weakness of Will, and the Importance of Just Having the Capacity.Jada Strabbing - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (2):289-307.
    A common objection to particular views of attributability is that they fail to account for weakness of will. In this paper, I show that the problem of weakness of will is much deeper than has been recognized, extending to all views of attributability on offer because of the general form that these views take. The fundamental problem is this: current views claim that being attributionally responsible is a matter of exercising whatever capacity that they take to be relevant to attributability; (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  14.  32
    Attributes of God: Conceptual Foundations of a Foundational Belief.Andrew Shtulman & Marjaana Lindeman - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (3):635-670.
    Anthropomorphism, or the attribution of human properties to nonhuman entities, is often posited as an explanation for the origin and nature of God concepts, but it remains unclear which human properties we tend to attribute to God and under what conditions. In three studies, participants decided whether two types of human properties—psychological properties and physiological properties—could or could not be attributed to God. In Study 1, participants made significantly more psychological attributions than physiological attributions, and the frequency of those (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  15. Meanings Attributed to the Term Consciousness: An Overview.Ram Vimal - 2009 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 16 (5):9-27.
    I here describe meanings attributed to the term consciousness, extracted from the literature and from recent online discussions. Forty such meanings were identified and categorized according to whether they were principally about function or about experience; some overlapped but others were apparently mutually exclusive - and this list is by no means exhaustive. Most can be regarded as expressions of authors' views about the basis of con-sciousness, or opinions about the significance of aspects of its con-tents. The prospects for reaching (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  16.  80
    Attributions of Consciousness.Justin Sytsma - 2014 - WIREs Cognitive Science 5:635-648.
    Many philosophers and brain scientists hold that explaining consciousness is one of the major outstanding problems facing modern science today. One type of consciousness in particular—phenomenal consciousness—is thought to be especially problematic. The reasons given for believing that this phenomenon exists in the first place, however, often hinge on the claim that its existence is simply obvious in ordinary perceptual experience. Such claims motivate the study of people's intuitions about consciousness. In recent years a number of researchers in experimental philosophy (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  17. Representativeness Revisited: Attribute Substitution in Intuitive Judgment.Daniel Kahneman & Shane Frederick - 2002 - In . Cambridge University Press. pp. 49-81.
    The first section introduces a distinction between 2 families of cognitive operations, called System 1 and System 2. The second section presents an attribute-substitution model of heuristic judgment, which elaborates and extends earlier treatments of the topic. The third section introduces a research design for studying attribute substitution. The fourth section discusses the controversy over the representativeness heuristic. The last section situates representativeness within a broad family of prototype heuristics, in which properties of a prototypical exemplar dominate global (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   93 citations  
  18. Attributing Error Without Taking a Stand.Caleb Perl & Mark Schroeder - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (6):1453-1471.
    Moral error theory is the doctrine that our first-order moral commitments are pervaded by systematic error. It has been objected that this makes the error theory itself a position in first-order moral theory that should be judged by the standards of competing first-order moral theories :87–139, 1996) and Kramer. Kramer: “the objectivity of ethics is itself an ethical matter that rests primarily on ethical considerations. It is not something that can adequately be contested or confirmed through non-ethical reasoning” [2009, 1]). (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  19. Knowledge Attributions and Lottery Cases: A Review and New Evidence.John Turri - forthcoming - In Igor Douven (ed.), The lottery problem. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
    I review recent empirical findings on knowledge attributions in lottery cases and report a new experiment that advances our understanding of the topic. The main novel finding is that people deny knowledge in lottery cases because of an underlying qualitative difference in how they process probabilistic information. “Outside” information is generic and pertains to a base rate within a population. “Inside” information is specific and pertains to a particular item’s propensity. When an agent receives information that 99% of all lottery (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  20.  34
    Goal Attribution to Inanimate Agents by 6.5-Month-Old Infants.Gergely Csibra - 2008 - Cognition 107 (2):705-717.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   49 citations  
  21. Attributing Creativity.Elliot Samuel Paul & Dustin Stokes - 2018 - In Berys Gaut & Matthew Kieran (eds.), Creativity and Philosophy. Routledge.
    Three kinds of things may be creative: persons, processes, and products. The standard definition of creativity, used nearly by consensus in psychological research, focuses specifically on products and says that a product is creative if and only if it is new and valuable. We argue that at least one further condition is necessary for a product to be creative: it must have been produced by the right kind of process. We argue furthermore that this point has an interesting epistemological implication: (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  22.  27
    Attribute Expression of Fault-Controlled Karst — Fort Worth Basin, Texas: A Tutorial.Jie Qi, Bo Zhang, Huailai Zhou & Kurt Marfurt - 2014 - Interpretation: SEG 2 (3):SF91-SF110.
    Much of seismic interpretation is based on pattern recognition, such that experienced interpreters are able to extract subtle geologic features that a new interpreter may easily overlook. Seismic pattern recognition is based on the identification of changes in amplitude, phase, frequency, dip, continuity, and reflector configuration. Seismic attributes, which providing quantitative measures that can be subsequently used in risk analysis and data mining, partially automate the pattern recognition problem by extracting key statistical, geometric, or kinematic components of the 3D seismic (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  23.  62
    Luck Attributions and Cognitive Bias.Steven D. Hales & Jennifer Adrienne Johnson - 2014 - Metaphilosophy 45 (4-5):509-528.
    Philosophers have developed three theories of luck: the probability theory, the modal theory, and the control theory. To help assess these theories, we conducted an empirical investigation of luck attributions. We created eight putative luck scenarios and framed each in either a positive or a negative light. Furthermore, we placed the critical luck event at the beginning, middle, or end of the scenario to see if the location of the event influenced luck attributions. We found that attributions of luckiness were (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  24. An Attributional Theory of Motivation and Emotion.Bernard Weiner - 1988 - Behaviorism 16 (2):167-173.
  25.  40
    Attributional Style in a Case of Cotard Delusion.Ryan McKay & Lisa Cipolotti - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (2):349-359.
    Young and colleagues . Betwixt life and death: case studies of the Cotard delusion. In P. W. Halligan & J. C. Marshall , Method in madness: Case studies in cognitive neuropsychiatry. Mahway, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.) have suggested that cases of the Cotard delusion result when a particular perceptual anomaly occurs in the context of an internalising attributional style. This hypothesis has not previously been tested directly. We report here an investigation of attributional style in a 24-year-old woman with Cotard (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  26.  24
    Board Attributes, Corporate Social Responsibility Strategy, and Corporate Environmental and Social Performance.Amama Shaukat, Yan Qiu & Grzegorz Trojanowski - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 135 (3):569-585.
    In this paper, we draw on insights from theories in the management and corporate governance literature to develop a theoretical model that makes explicit the links between a firm’s corporate social responsibility related board attributes, its board CSR strategy, and its environmental and social performance. We then test the model using structural equation modeling approach. We find that the greater the CSR orientation of the board, the more proactive and comprehensive the firm’s CSR strategy, and the higher its environmental and (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  27.  7
    Similarity Attributes From Differential Resolution Components.Bruno César Zanardo Honório, Ulisses Miguel da Costa Correia, Marcílio Castro de Matos & Alexandre Campane Vidal - 2017 - Interpretation: SEG 5 (1):T65-T73.
    Seismic resolution plays an important role in the delineation of structural and stratigraphic features. The resolution improvement directly affects the seismic attributes and, consequently, the interpretation of a given feature. However, the broadband data do not necessarily provide the best insight for seismic attribute evaluation. Particularly, geologic discontinuities, such as karsts, faults, and fractures, can have different seismic expressions according to their intrinsic scales, and, therefore, they are better illuminated in a given frequency range. To extract dissimilar characteristics in (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  28.  74
    Belief Attribution and the Falsification of Motive Internalism.Michael Cholbi - 2006 - Philosophical Psychology 19 (5):607 – 616.
    The metatethical position known as motive internalism (MI) holds that moral beliefs are necessarily motivating. Adina Roskies (in Philosophical Psychology, 16) has recently argued against MI by citing patients with injuries to the ventromedial (VM) cortex as counterexamples to MI. Roskies claims that not only do these patients not act in accordance with their professed moral beliefs, they exhibit no physiological or affective evidence of being motivated by these beliefs. I argue that Roskies' attempt to falsify MI is unpersuasive because (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  29.  91
    Attributive Comparative Deletion.Christopher Kennedy & Jason Merchant - unknown
    Comparatives are among the most extensively investigated constructions in generative grammar, yet comparatives involving attributive adjectives have received a relatively small amount of attention. This paper investigates a complex array of facts in this domain that shows that attributive comparatives, unlike other comparatives, are well-formed only if some type of ellipsis operation applies within the comparative clause. Incorporating data from English, Polish, Czech, Greek, and Bulgarian, we argue that these facts support two important conclusions. First, violations of Ross’s Left Branch (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  30. Belief Attribution and Context.Robert Stalnaker - 1988 - In Robert H. Grimm & D. D. Merrill (eds.), Contents of Thought. University of Arizona Press. pp. 140--156.
  31. Function Attribution Depends on the Explanatory Context: A Reply to Neander and Rosenberg's Reply to Nanay.Bence Nanay - 2012 - Journal of Philosophy 109 (10):623-627.
    In ‘A modal theory of function’, I gave an argument against all existing theories of function and outlined a new theory. Karen Neander and Alex Rosenberg argue against both my negative and my positive claim. My aim here is not merely to defend my account from their objections, but to (a) very briefly point out that the new account of etiological function they propose in response to my criticism cannot avoid the circularity worry either and, more importantly, to (b) highlight, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  32.  9
    Attribution of Autonomy and its Role in Robotic Language Acquisition.Frank Förster & Kaspar Althoefer - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-13.
    The false attribution of autonomy and related concepts to artificial agents that lack the attributed levels of the respective characteristic is problematic in many ways. In this article, we contrast this view with a positive viewpoint that emphasizes the potential role of such false attributions in the context of robotic language acquisition. By adding emotional displays and congruent body behaviors to a child-like humanoid robot’s behavioral repertoire, we were able to bring naïve human tutors to engage in so called intent (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  33. Function Attributions and Functional Explanations.Berent Enc - 1979 - Philosophy of Science 46 (3):343-365.
    A series of explanatory hypotheses are examined under the assumption that the logical structure of function attributions is dependent on the methodological constraints which these hypotheses conform to. Two theses are argued for: (1) Given these methodological constraints, if something has the function of doing Y, then normally it is the only kind of thing that can do Y in that kind of system. (2) What distinguishes function attributions from causal attribution is not that function attributions explain the etiology of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  34.  67
    Knowledge Attributions and Behavioral Predictions.John Turri - 2017 - Cognitive Science:2253-2261.
    Recent work has shown that knowledge attributions affect how people think others should behave, more so than belief attributions do. This paper reports two experiments providing evidence that knowledge attributions also affect behavioral predictions more strongly than belief attributions do, and knowledge attributions facilitate faster behavioral predictions than belief attributions do. Thus, knowledge attributions play multiple critical roles in social cognition, guiding judgments about how people should and will behave.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  35. The Attribute of Realness and the Internal Organization of Perceptual Reality.Rainer Mausfeld - 2013 - In Liliana Albertazzi (ed.), Handbook of Experimental Phenomenology. Visual Peception of Shape, Space and Appearance. Wiley.
    The chapter deals with the notion of phenomenal realness, which was first systematically explored by Albert Michotte. Phenomenal realness refers to the impression that a perceptual object is perceived to have an autonomous existence in our mind-independent world. Perceptual psychology provides an abundance of phenomena, ranging from amodal completion to picture perception, that indicate that phenomenal realness is an independent perceptual attribute that can be conferred to perceptual objects in different degrees. The chapter outlines a theoretical framework that appears (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  36. Stereotype Threat and Attributional Ambiguity for Trans Women.Rachel McKinnon - 2014 - Hypatia 29 (1):857-872.
    In this paper I discuss the interrelated topics of stereotype threat and attributional ambiguity as they relate to gender and gender identity. The former has become an emerging topic in feminist philosophy and has spawned a tremendous amount of research in social psychology and elsewhere. But the discussion, at least in how it connects to gender, is incomplete: the focus is only on cisgender women and their experiences. By considering trans women's experiences of stereotype threat and attributional ambiguity, we gain (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  37.  9
    An Attributional Analysis of Moral Emotions: Naïve Scientists and Everyday Judges.Udo Rudolph & Nadine Tscharaktschiew - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (4):344-352.
    This article provides an analysis of moral emotions from an attributional point of view, guided by the metaphors of man as a naïve scientist and as a moral judge. The theoretical analysis focuses on three concepts: The distinction between the actor and the observer, the functional quality of moral emotions, and the perceived controllability of the causes of events. Moral emotions are identified. A classification of these moral emotions is suggested and the empirical evidence briefly summarized. In discussing our results, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  38. Experimental Philosophy and Causal Attribution.Jonathan Livengood & David Rose - 2016 - In Justin Sytsma & Wesley Buckwalter (eds.), A Companion to Experimental Philosophy. Blackwell.
    Humans often attribute the things that happen to one or another actual cause. In this chapter, we survey some recent philosophical and psychological research on causal attribution. We pay special attention to the relation between graphical causal modeling and theories of causal attribution. We think that the study of causal attribution is one place where formal and experimental techniques nicely complement one another.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  39.  47
    Attribute Identities in Microreductions.Robert L. Causey - 1972 - Journal of Philosophy 69 (14):407-422.
  40. Referential/Attributive: A Contextualist Proposal.Francois Recanati - 1989 - Philosophical Studies 56 (3):217 - 249.
  41. Contextualism and Knowledge Attributions.Keith Derose - 1992 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (4):913-929.
  42. Belief Attribution in Animals: On How to Move Forward Conceptually and Empirically. [REVIEW]Robert W. Lurz - 2011 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (1):19-59.
    There is considerable debate in comparative psychology and philosophy over whether nonhuman animals can attribute beliefs. The empirical studies that suggest that they can are shown to be inconclusive, and the main philosophical and empirical arguments that purport to show they cannot are shown to be invalid or weak. What is needed to move the debate and the field forward, it is argued, is a fundamentally new experimental protocol for testing belief attribution in animals, one capable of distinguishing genuine (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  43.  21
    Identifying Attributes of Food System Sustainability: Emerging Themes and Consensus.Jared Stoltzfus, Angela Xiong, Farryl Bertmann, Christopher Wharton, John Connors & Hallie Eakin - 2017 - Agriculture and Human Values 34 (3):757-773.
    Achieving food system sustainability is one of the more pressing challenges of this century. Over the last decades, experts from diverse disciplines and intellectual traditions have worked to document the critical threats to food system sustainability and to define an appropriate agenda for action. Nevertheless, these efforts have tended to focus selectively on only a few components of the food system or have tended to be framed in particular discourses. Depending on the point of departure, what aspects of the food (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  44.  29
    Attribution of Information in Animal Interaction.Stephen Francis Mann - 2018 - Biological Theory 13 (3):164–179.
    This article establishes grounds on which attributions of information and encoding in animal signals are warranted. As common interest increases between evolutionary agents, the theoretical approach best suited to describing their interaction shifts from evolutionary game theory to communication theory, which warrants informational language. The take-home positive message is that in cooperative settings, signals can appropriately be described as transmitting encoded information, regardless of the cognitive powers of signalers. The canonical example is the honeybee waggle dance, which is discussed extensively (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  45. Substance, Attribute, and Mode in Spinoza.Martin Lin - 2006 - Philosophy Compass 1 (2):144–153.
    Some of Spinoza's most well‐known doctrines concern what kinds of beings there are and how they are related to each other. For example, he claims that: (1) there is only one substance; (2) this substance has infinitely many attributes; (3) this substance is God or nature; (4) each of these attributes express the divine essence; and (5) all else is a mode of the one substance. These claims have so astonished many of his readers that some of them have surely (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  46. Presumptuous Aim Attribution, Conformity, and the Ethics of Artificial Social Cognition.Owen C. King - 2020 - Ethics and Information Technology 22 (1):25-37.
    Imagine you are casually browsing an online bookstore, looking for an interesting novel. Suppose the store predicts you will want to buy a particular novel: the one most chosen by people of your same age, gender, location, and occupational status. The store recommends the book, it appeals to you, and so you choose it. Central to this scenario is an automated prediction of what you desire. This article raises moral concerns about such predictions. More generally, this article examines the ethics (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  47.  14
    Attribute- and Rule-Learning Aspects of Conceptual Behavior.Robert C. Haygood & Lyle E. Bourne - 1965 - Psychological Review 72 (3):175-195.
  48. Confusion About Concessive Knowledge Attributions.Dylan Dodd - 2010 - Synthese 172 (3):381 - 396.
    Concessive knowledge attributions (CKAs) are knowledge attributions of the form ‘S knows p, but it’s possible that q’, where q obviously entails not-p (Rysiew, Nous (Detroit, Mich.) 35:477–514, 2001). The significance of CKAs has been widely discussed recently. It’s agreed by all that CKAs are infelicitous, at least typically. But the agreement ends there. Different writers have invoked them in their defenses of all sorts of philosophical theses; to name just a few: contextualism, invariantism, fallibilism, infallibilism, and that the knowledge (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  49.  21
    Identifying Attributes of Food System Sustainability: Emerging Themes and Consensus.Jared Stoltzfus, Angela Xiong, Farryl Bertmann, Christopher Wharton, John Connors & Hallie Eakin - 2017 - Agriculture and Human Values 34 (3):757-773.
    Achieving food system sustainability is one of the more pressing challenges of this century. Over the last decades, experts from diverse disciplines and intellectual traditions have worked to document the critical threats to food system sustainability and to define an appropriate agenda for action. Nevertheless, these efforts have tended to focus selectively on only a few components of the food system or have tended to be framed in particular discourses. Depending on the point of departure, what aspects of the food (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  50. Knowledge Attributions and Relevant Epistemic Standards.Dan Zeman - 2010 - In Recanati François, Stojanovic Isidora & Villanueva Neftali (eds.), Context Dependence, Perspective and Relativity. Mouton de Gruyter.
    The paper is concerned with the semantics of knowledge attributions(K-claims, for short) and proposes a position holding that K-claims are contextsensitive that differs from extant views on the market. First I lay down the data a semantic theory for K-claims needs to explain. Next I present and assess three views purporting to give the semantics for K-claims: contextualism, subject-sensitive invariantism and relativism. All three views are found wanting with respect to their accounting for the data. I then propose a hybrid (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000