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Cynthia B. Cohen [50]Cynthia B. Cohen Peter J. Cohen [2]Cynthia Bachner Cohen [1]
  1. Developing human-nonhuman chimeras in human stem cell research: Ethical issues and boundaries.Phillip Karpowicz, Cynthia B. Cohen & Derek J. Van der Kooy - 2005 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 15 (2):107-134.
    : The transplantation of adult human neural stem cells into prenatal non-humans offers an avenue for studying human neural cell development without direct use of human embryos. However, such experiments raise significant ethical concerns about mixing human and nonhuman materials in ways that could result in the development of human-nonhuman chimeras. This paper examines four arguments against such research, the moral taboo, species integrity, "unnaturalness," and human dignity arguments, and finds the last plausible. It argues that the transfer of human (...)
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  2. Selling bits and pieces of humans to make babies: The gift of the magi revisited.Cynthia B. Cohen - 1999 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (3):288 – 306.
    Reproductive medicine, a sector of a health care system increasingly captured by the demands of the marketplace, is enmeshed in a drive to sell certain human bits and pieces, such as gametes, cells, fetal eggs, and fetal ovaries, for reproductive purposes. The ethical objection raised by Kant and Radin to the sale of human organs -that this is incompatible with human dignity and worth - also applies to these sales. Moreover, such sales nullify the reproductive paradigm, irretrievably replacing it with (...)
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  3. Public policy and the sale of human organs.Cynthia B. Cohen - 2002 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 12 (1):47-64.
    : Gill and Sade, in the preceding article in this issue of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, argue that living individuals should be free from legal constraints against selling their organs. The present commentary responds to several of their claims. It explains why an analogy between kidneys and blood fails; why, as a matter of public policy, we prohibit the sale of human solid organs, yet allow the sale of blood; and why their attack on Kant's putative argument against (...)
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  4. “Give Me Children or I Shall Die!”: New Reproductive Technologies and Harm to Children.Cynthia B. Cohen - 1996 - Hastings Center Report 26 (2):19-27.
    Some evidence suggests that IVF and other reproductive technologies create serious illness and disorders in a small but significant proportion of children who are born of them. If these technologies were found to do so, it would be wrong to forge ahead with their use.
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  5.  20
    Is Case Consultation in Retreat?Cynthia B. Cohen - 1988 - Hastings Center Report 18 (4):23-23.
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  6.  47
    Some perils of “waiting to be born”: Fertility preservation in girls facing certain treatments for cancer.Cynthia B. Cohen - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (6):30 – 32.
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  7.  31
    Avoidng "Cloudcuckooland" in Ethics Committee Case Review: Matching Models to Issues and Concerns.Cynthia B. Cohen - 1992 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 20 (4):294-299.
  8.  24
    Avoidng "Cloudcuckooland" in Ethics Committee Case Review: Matching Models to Issues and Concerns.Cynthia B. Cohen - 1992 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 20 (4):294-299.
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  9.  67
    Prayer as Therapy: A Challenge to Both Religious Belief and Professional Ethics.Cynthia B. Cohen, Sondra E. Wheeler, David A. Scott, Barbara Springer Edwards & Patricia Lusk - 2000 - Hastings Center Report 30 (3):40-47.
    Scientists seeking hard evidence of prayer's curative powers misunderstand the nature of prayer in the Western theistic traditions. Yet theistically consonant ways in which religious belief may influence health do not figure as they should in current professional practice.
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  10. Future Directions for Oversight of Stem Cell Research in the United States: An Update.Cynthia B. Cohen & Mary A. Majumder - 2009 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19 (2):195-200.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Future Directions for Oversight of Stem Cell Research in the United States: An UpdateMary A. Majumder (bio) and Cynthia B. Cohen (bio)On 9 March 2009, President Barack Obama (2009a) signed an executive order revoking the statement issued by President George W. Bush during a televised speech in August 2001, in which the latter had sharply restricted the scope of federally funded human embryonic stem cell (hESC) research to cell (...)
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  11.  31
    Future Directions for Oversight of Stem Cell Research in the United States.Cynthia B. Cohen & Mary A. Majumder - 2009 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19 (1):79-103.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Future Directions for Oversight of Stem Cell Research in the United StatesCynthia B. Cohen (bio) and Mary A. Majumder (bio)Human pluripotent stem cell research, meaning research into cells that can multiply indefinitely and differentiate into almost all the cells of the body, has become a minefield in which science, ethics, and politics have collided over the last decade in the United States. President Barack Obama entered this highly charged (...)
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  12.  74
    Creating human-nonhuman chimeras: Of mice and men.Cynthia B. Cohen - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (3):3 – 5.
  13.  39
    The Trials of Socrates and Joseph K.Cynthia B. Cohen - 1980 - Philosophy and Literature 4 (2):212-228.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Cynthia B. Cohen THE TRIALS OF SOCRATES AND JOSEPH K. No two trials could have been more unlike than those of Socrates and Joseph K. As portrayed in Plato's Apology,' Socrates was the conscience of Athens, a thoughtful and courageous man whose life was devoted to the pursuit of wisdom. He challenged others to examine themselves and to transform themselves into lovers of truth and goodness. This gadfly of (...)
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  14.  32
    Religion, public reason, and embryonic stem cell research.Cynthia B. Cohen - 2006 - In David E. Guinn (ed.), Handbook of Bioethics and Religion. Oxford University Press.
    This chapter argues that although there are certain limits on how religious bodies and their members should attempt to insert their beliefs into public policy matters, religiously based arguments should, as a matter of principle, be allowed to enter into public debate. This is the case even when many participants in these debates do not accept the premises on which the arguments of religious believers are constructed. The first part of the chapter considers the stances that various religious bodies and (...)
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  15.  6
    Imperiled Newborns.Arthur Caplan & Cynthia B. Cohen - 1987 - Hastings Center Report 17 (6):5.
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  16.  24
    Ethics Committees As Corporate and Public Policy Advocates.Cynthia B. Cohen - 1990 - Hastings Center Report 20 (5):36-37.
  17.  34
    Walking a Fine Line: Physician Inquiries into Patients' Religious and Spiritual Beliefs.Cynthia B. Cohen, Sondra E. Wheeler & David A. Scott - 2001 - Hastings Center Report 31 (5):29-39.
    Modern physicians are taught that they should not involve themselves in their patients’ religious concerns. Many worry that doing so would be intrusive, manipulative, difficult, and embarrassing. Patients, however, often want their physicians to explore questions of religion and faith with them. If these questions are broached in a sensitive and flexible way, they can be a natural and appropriate part of the physician‐patient relationship.
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  18.  17
    Birth of a Network.Cynthia B. Cohen - 1988 - Hastings Center Report 18 (1):11-11.
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  19. New Ways of Making Babies: The Case of Egg Donation.Cynthia B. Cohen & Mary Anne Warren - 1998 - Bioethics 12 (1):86-87.
     
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  20.  59
    'Quality of life' and the analogy with the nazis.Cynthia B. Cohen - 1983 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 8 (2):113-136.
    into treatment decisions is viewed as pernicious by some who claim that these presuppose the Nazi position that those who are ‘devoid of value’ must be exterminated. ‘Quality of life’ judgments are said to deny the equal value of human beings and to assume that some lives are not ‘worthy to be lived’. It is argued that the analogy misconstrues the senses of ‘value’ and ‘quality’ employed by Naziism and a ‘quality of life’ position. This leads the analogizers incorrectly to (...)
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  21.  16
    The Adolescence of Ethics Committees.Cynthia B. Cohen - 1990 - Hastings Center Report 20 (2):29-29.
  22.  51
    The interests of egg donors: Who is deceiving whom?Cynthia B. Cohen - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (4):20 – 21.
  23.  62
    Beyond the human neuron mouse to the NAS guidelines.Cynthia B. Cohen - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (5):46 – 49.
    The discussion by Greely et al. (2007) of the Stanford advisory committee's deliberations regarding whether to pursue research involving the transfer of human brain stem cells to fetal mice not onl...
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  24.  19
    The Social Transformation of Some American Ethics Committees.Cynthia B. Cohen - 1989 - Hastings Center Report 19 (5):21-21.
  25.  42
    Unmanaged Care: The Need to Regulate New Reproductive Technologies in the United States.Cynthia B. Cohen - 1997 - Bioethics 11 (3-4):348-365.
    In the aftermath of allegations of the misuse of human eggs in the United States, questions are being raised about whether profitable reproductive services should continue to function in a free market under the aegis of physicians or should be regulated. Other countries in which reproductive technologies are employed to a significant degree have developed regulations governing their use, many as a result of recommendations made by inter‐disciplinary commissions that solicited public input. Policy makers in the United States have been (...)
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  26. Stem cell research in the U.s. After the president's speech of August 2001.Cynthia B. Cohen - 2004 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14 (1):97-114.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14.1 (2004) 97-114 [Access article in PDF] Stem Cell Research in the U.S. after the President's Speech of August 2001 Cynthia B. Cohen On 9 August 2001, in a nationally televised speech, President Bush addressed the contentious question of whether to provide federal funds for human embryonic stem cell research (White House 2001).1 This research involves taking the primordial cells found in embryos and (...)
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  27. International stem cell tourism and the need for effective regulation: Part I: Stem cell tourism in russia and india: Clinical research, innovative treatment, or unproven hype?Cynthia B. Cohen Peter J. Cohen - 2010 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (1):pp. 27-49.
    Persons with serious and disabling medical conditions have traveled abroad in search of stem cell treatments in recent years. However, weak or nonexistent oversight systems in some countries provide insufficient patient protections against unproven stem cell treatments, raising concerns about exposure to harm and exploitation. The present article, the first of two, describes and analyzes stem cell tourism in Russia and India and addresses several scientific/medical, ethical, and policy issues raised by the provision of unproven stem cell-based treatments within them. (...)
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  28. International stem cell tourism and the need for effective regulation: Part II: Developing sound oversight measures and effective patient support.Cynthia B. Cohen Peter J. Cohen - 2010 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (3):207-230.
    Clinics and hospitals around the globe are offering stem cell treatments to persons with serious conditions for whom no effective therapies are available in their home countries. Many of these treatments, which are touted as cures for such conditions as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's Diseases, multiple sclerosis, and spinal cord injuries, have not gone through clinical trials that establish their safety and efficacy. Indeed, it is unclear whether some of them even utilize stem cells. State regulation of these therapies tends to (...)
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  29.  19
    1990 and Beyond: The Genie out of the Bottle?Cynthia B. Cohen - 1990 - Hastings Center Report 20 (5):33-33.
  30.  1
    Casebook on the Termination of Life-sustaining Treatment and the Care of the Dying.Cynthia B. Cohen - 1988
    "The cases are presented in a concise and interesting manner... highlights the emerging consciousness of the importance of the contractual arrangement between physician and patient... " --Journal of the American Medical Association "The cases presented are interesting ones, and the commentaries are uniformly lucid.... Highly recommended... " --Religious Studies Review "Cohen contributes a well-selected collection of cases and commentaries which are presented in a crisp style... it is likely to have a real impact." --Ethics Twenty-six reports based on actual cases (...)
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  31.  61
    Christian Perspectives on Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia: The Anglican Tradition.Cynthia B. Cohen - 1996 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 24 (4):369-379.
    We have always had the ability to commit suicide or request euthanasia in times of serious illness. Yet these acts have been prohibited by the Christian tradition from early times. Some Christians, as they see relatives and friends kept alive too long and in poor condition through the use of current medical powers, however, are beginning to question that tradition. Are assisted suicide and euthanasia compassionate Christian responses to those in pain and suffering who face death? Or are they ways (...)
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  32.  49
    Christian Perspectives on Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia: The Anglican Tradition.Cynthia B. Cohen - 1996 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 24 (4):369-379.
    We have always had the ability to commit suicide or request euthanasia in times of serious illness. Yet these acts have been prohibited by the Christian tradition from early times. Some Christians, as they see relatives and friends kept alive too long and in poor condition through the use of current medical powers, however, are beginning to question that tradition. Are assisted suicide and euthanasia compassionate Christian responses to those in pain and suffering who face death? Or are they ways (...)
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  33.  58
    Future Directions for Human Cloning by Embryo Splitting: After the Hullabaloo.Cynthia B. Cohen - 1994 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 4 (3):187-192.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Future Directions for Human Cloning by Embryo Splitting:After the HullabalooCynthia B. Cohen (bio)In October 1993, a paper entitled, "Experimental Cloning of Human Polyploid Embryos Using an Artificial Zona Pellucida," was presented at a joint meeting of the American Fertility Society and the Canadian Fertility and Andrology Society. Although it was awarded a prize, its authors, who are affiliated with George Washington University, decided against calling a press conference to (...)
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  34.  5
    Faithful living, faithful dying: Anglican reflections on end of life care.Cynthia B. Cohen (ed.) - 2000 - Harrisburg, PA: Morehouse.
    An important examination of the theological, spiritual, and ethical issues surrounding death. At the end of a life of faithfulness comes our dying. To approach it as faithfully as we have our living calls for some serious forethought. Because one of the simplest facts of life—that we all die—seems like the most complicated thing we do. Not only have advances in medical technology saved lives, but they also have prolonged death, and raise a number ethical, moral, social, and theological issues. (...)
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  35.  86
    Promises and perils of public deliberation: Contrasting two national bioethics commissions on embryonic stem cell research.Cynthia B. Cohen - 2005 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 15 (3):269-288.
    : National bioethics commissions have struggled to develop ethically warranted methods for conducting their deliberations. The National Bioethics Advisory Commission in its report on stem cell research adopted an approach to public deliberation indebted to Rawls in that it sought common ground consistent with shared values and beliefs at the foundation of a well-ordered democracy. In contrast, although the research cloning and stem cell research reports of the President's Council on Bioethics reveal that it broached two different methods of public (...)
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  36.  35
    Private Bioethics Forums: Counterpoint to Government Bodies.Cynthia B. Cohen & Elizabeth Leibold McCloskey - 1994 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 4 (3):283-289.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Private Bioethics Forums:Counterpoint to Government BodiesCynthia B. Cohen (bio) and Elizabeth Leibold McCloskey (bio)Ethical issues associated with reproductive technologies quickly gain public attention. The front pages of newspapers have featured stories about grandmothers giving birth to their own grandchildren, couples "renting" wombs from surrogates, and researchers prepared to transplant fetal ovaries into women unable to produce viable eggs. With each new and bolder foray into reproductive realms, the question (...)
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  37.  51
    Required Reconsideration of "Do-Not-Resuscitate" Orders in the Operating Room and Certain Other Treatment Settings.Cynthia B. Cohen & Peter J. Cohen - 1992 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 20 (4):354-363.
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  38.  29
    Required Reconsideration of "Do-Not-Resuscitate" Orders in the Operating Room and Certain Other Treatment Settings.Cynthia B. Cohen & Peter J. Cohen - 1992 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 20 (4):354-363.
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  39.  51
    Some aspects of Ian Ramsey's empiricism.Cynthia B. Cohen - 1972 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 3 (1):2 - 17.
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  40.  77
    Stem cell research and the role of the new president's council on bioethics.Cynthia B. Cohen - 2002 - American Journal of Bioethics 2 (1):43 – 44.
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  41.  27
    The Logic of Religious Language.Cynthia B. Cohen - 1973 - Religious Studies 9 (2):143 - 155.
  42.  44
    The Logic of Religious Language1: CYNTHIA B. COHEN.Cynthia B. Cohen - 1973 - Religious Studies 9 (2):143-155.
    Expressions used in religious contexts have often seemed odd and paradoxical to philosophers. Statements have appeared in Christian discourse to the effect that God is not a person and yet is a person, that he is a servant and a king, that he is nothingness and being itself. These statements appear unintelligible either because their terms are self-contradictory or because they are mutually exclusive.
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  43. Waiking a Finf Linf.Cynthia B. Cohen - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
     
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  44.  44
    Ways of being personal and not being personal about religious beliefs in the clinical setting.Cynthia B. Cohen - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (7):16 – 18.
    To address certain seemingly irresolvable conflicts between patients and clinicians regarding treatment plans that are rooted in patients' religious or spiritual beliefs, Kuczewski (2007), in a ref...
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  45.  19
    Who Will Guard the Guardians?Cynthia B. Cohen - 1989 - Hastings Center Report 19 (1):19-19.
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  46.  57
    Wrestling with the future: Should we test children for adult-onset genetic conditions?Cynthia B. Cohen - 1998 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 8 (2):111-130.
    : Genetics professionals have been reluctant to test children for adult-onset conditions because they believe this would create psychosocial harm to children not counterbalanced by significant benefits. An additional concern they express is that such testing would violate the autonomy of these children as adults. Yet weighing the harms and benefits of such testing results in a draw, with no substantial harms proven. Moreover, such testing can enhance, rather than violate the adult autonomy of these children. In deciding whether to (...)
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  47.  46
    Banning Human Cloning--Then What?Cynthia B. Cohen - 2001 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 11 (2):205-209.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 11.2 (2001) 205-209 [Access article in PDF] Bioethics Inside the Beltway Banning Human Cloning-Then What? Cynthia B. Cohen The public wonder and concern that accompanied the birth of Dolly, the cloned sheep, four years ago died down soon after her arrival. Little has been heard about human reproductive cloning since then in the public square. This silence was pierced recently when two groups each (...)
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  48.  22
    Introduction.Cynthia B. Cohen & Elizabeth Leibold McCloskey - 1998 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 8 (2):vii-x.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:IntroductionCynthia B. CohenThe explosion of genetic information in recent years raises a fundamental question for us as individuals and as members of various communities: Have we an obligation to know as much as possible about our genes—or should we bypass genetic information, leaving it hidden? A terrible ambivalence grips us when it comes to our genes. We want to respond to the Socratic call to know ourselves by learning (...)
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  49.  27
    Contested Terrain: The Nazi Analogy in Bioethics.Nat Hentoff, Daniel Callahan, Gary E. Crum & Cynthia B. Cohen - 1988 - Hastings Center Report 18 (4):29.
    In 1976, The Hastings Center convened a conference to examine the validity of proposed parallels between Nazi and contemporary biomedical practices in moral argument. Charges that current medical and social practices and policies are analogous to or are the moral equivalent of Nazi programs are again in the air, and in this new feature of the Report, four commentators display and critique the use of this analogy.
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  50.  64
    Big Bang Theory: More Reason to Scrap Bush's Stem Cell Policy.John A. Robertson, Cynthia B. Cohen & Insoo Hyun - 2008 - Hastings Center Report 38 (6):4-6.
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