Results for 'E. Mamchur'

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  1.  6
    Is There an Ivory Tower in Reality?E. Mamchur - 1990 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 4 (1):101 – 111.
    Abstract What is the measure of the social responsibility of scientists? Even if technology is not just applied science, the scientist cannot simply waive responsibility for the negative manifestations of technological progress borne out of scientific research. However, there are limits to the practicable realization of any moral maxims in this sphere, concerning, for instance, the very awareness of the future consequences of basic research. Insofar as it is possible to believe in a distinction between pure and applied research, there (...)
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  2. Obʺektivnostʹ Nauki I Reli͡ativizm: K Diskussii͡am V Sovremennoĭ Ėpistemologii.E. A. Mamchur - 2004 - Ifran.
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  3. Obrazy Nauki V Sovremennoĭ Kulʹture.E. A. Mamchur - 2008 - Reabilitat͡sii͡a.
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  4.  10
    Aristotle’s Notion of ‘Place’ in the Context of Present-Day Physics.Elena Mamchur - 2016 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 30 (4):319-326.
    The article deals with Aristotle’s conception of ‘place’, which is of cruсial importance for his theory of motion. It is shown that in the physics of Aristotle there is no concept of spасe; instead, there is the notion of ‘place’ of a body. Aristotle considered ‘place’ as the first boundary of a body embracing the body in question. The author shows the incommensurability between the spatial ideas of the Stagirite and the similar ideas of Newtonian physics. The article states that (...)
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  5.  43
    Reconstruction of Scientific Theory Change.Spas Spassov & Rinat M. Nugayev - 1997 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 11 (3):206-210.
    This book presents an elaborate analysis of the widely discussed problem of reconstruction of scientific theory change, based on material from theoretical physics. It gives a detailed , although not complete, analysis of the ideas of such authors as T. Kuhn, I. Lakatos, P. Feyerabend, E. Zahar and G. Holton, the empiristic account of the notion of “crucial experiment”, as well as of some leading Russian philosophers of science such as V. Stepin, E. Mamchur and V. Branskii. On the (...)
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  6.  63
    20th Century Russian Philosophy Of Science: A Philosophical Discussion.A. P. Ogurtsov, S. S. Neretina & M. Assimakopoulos - 2005 - Studies in East European Thought 57 (1):33-60.
    This article is based on a discussion held in Athens in April 2002, in the framework of a research visit, supported by the National Technical University of Athens, among the following participants: Alexander Pavlovits Ogurtsov (APO), Svetlena Sergeevna Neretina (SSN), and Michalis Assimakopoulos (MA) who translated and annotated the Russian text. The later wishes to thank his Russian teachers in philosophy, E.A. Mamchur and language, A.A. Nekrasova The translation was reviewed and emended by E.M. Swiderski, editor of SEET.Svetlana Neretina (...)
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  7.  22
    The Heuristic Role of Aesthetics in Science.Elena Mamchur - 1987 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 1 (2):209 – 222.
  8.  39
    Should the Role of Epistemology in Studying Scientific Knowledge Be Rethought?Mamchur Elena - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 43:117-120.
    The paper analyzes the role of epistemology in contemporary science study. According to the representatives of cultural approach to scientific cognition the latter should be considered regardless of the issues of falsity or truth, which excludes epistemology from the sphere of science investigation. The paper argues, that though the inquiry of science as an aspect of human culture is quite possible, this sort of analysis is insufficient. In order to understand the nature of scientific cognition one has to supplement it (...)
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  9.  6
    Contradictions, Synthesis, and the Growth of Knowledge.Elena Mamchur - 2010 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 24 (4):429-435.
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  10. Chasing the Shadow.Carolyn Mamchur - 2008 - In Raya A. Jones (ed.), Education and Imagination: Post-Jungian Perspectives. Routledge. pp. 194.
     
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  11.  5
    The Destiny of Atomism in the Modern Science and the Structural Realism.Elena Mamchur - 2017 - Social Epistemology 31 (1):93-104.
    This article deals with Plato’s version of ancient atomism which in many respects anticipated the ideas of modern physics. The author relates mathematical atomism to so-called structural realism—which is now considered by many philosophers of science as the most defensible form of scientific realism. It is supposed in the paper that the association of structural realism with Plato’s atomism would make it possible to take out the latter from the sphere of speculative natural philosophy of antiquity and to place it (...)
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  12.  15
    The Status of the Ideal of Unity and Simplicity in Contemporary Scientific Cognition.Elena A. Mamchur - 2010 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 49 (3):7-23.
    The author demonstrates the central role that the ideal of unity and simplicity has played in classical and contemporary science. She argues that despite current difficulties in realizing this ideal it has deep psychological roots and is therefore likely to persist.
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  13. G. E. Moore: Selected Writings.G. E. Moore - 1993 - Routledge.
    G.E. Moore, more than either Bertrand Russell or Ludwig Wittgenstein, was chiefly responsible for the rise of the analytic method in twentieth-century philosophy. This selection of his writings shows Moore at his very best. The classic essays are crucial to major philosophical debates that still resonate today. Amongst those included are: * A Defense of Common Sense * Certainty * Sense-Data * External and Internal Relations * Hume's Theory Explained * Is Existence a Predicate? * Proof of an External World (...)
     
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  14.  49
    The Greeks and the Irrational. By E. R. Dodds. Pp. Ix + 327. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press , 1951. 37s. 6d. [REVIEW]H. J. Rose & E. R. Dodds - 1953 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 73 (105):176-177.
    In this philosophy classic, which was first published in 1951, E. R. Dodds takes on the traditional view of Greek culture as a triumph of rationalism. Using the analytical tools of modern anthropology and psychology, Dodds asks, "Why should we attribute to the ancient Greeks an immunity from 'primitive' modes of thought which we do not find in any society open to our direct observation?" Praised by reviewers as "an event in modern Greek scholarship" and "a book which it would (...)
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  15.  37
    Facts, Freedom and Foreknowledge: E. M. Zemach and D. Widerker.E. M. Zemach - 1987 - Religious Studies 23 (1):19-28.
    Is God's foreknowledge compatible with human freedom? One of the most attractive attempts to reconcile the two is the Ockhamistic view, which subscribes not only to human freedom and divine omniscience, but retains our most fundamental intuitions concerning God and time: that the past is immutable, that God exists and acts in time, and that there is no backward causation. In order to achieve all that, Ockhamists distinguish ‘hard facts’ about the past which cannot possibly be altered from ‘soft facts’ (...)
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  16.  59
    A C.E. Real That Cannot Be SW-Computed by Any Ω Number.George Barmpalias & Andrew E. M. Lewis - 2006 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 47 (2):197-209.
    The strong weak truth table (sw) reducibility was suggested by Downey, Hirschfeldt, and LaForte as a measure of relative randomness, alternative to the Solovay reducibility. It also occurs naturally in proofs in classical computability theory as well as in the recent work of Soare, Nabutovsky, and Weinberger on applications of computability to differential geometry. We study the sw-degrees of c.e. reals and construct a c.e. real which has no random c.e. real (i.e., Ω number) sw-above it.
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  17.  23
    Natural Kinds: T. E. Wilkerson.T. E. Wilkerson - 1988 - Philosophy 63 (243):29-42.
    What is a natural kind ? As we shall see, the concept of a natural kind has a long history. Many of the interesting doctrines can be detected in Aristotle, were revived by Locke and Leibniz, and have again become fashionable in recent years. Equally there has been agreement about certain paradigm examples: the kinds oak, stickleback and gold are natural kinds, and the kinds table, nation and banknote are not. Sadly agreement does not extend much further. It is impossible (...)
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  18.  42
    Equality of Talent: John E. Roemer.John E. Roemer - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (2):151-188.
    If one is an egalitarian, what should one want to equalize? Opportunities or outcomes? Resources or welfare? These positions are usually conceived to be very different. I argue in this paper that the distinction is misconceived: the only coherent conception of resource equality implies welfare equality, in an appropriately abstract description of the problem. In this section, I motivate the program which the rest of the paper carries out.
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  19.  22
    The Principles of Mechanics. Edited by D.E. Jones and James Walley.E. A. Singer, Henrich Hertz, D. E. Jones & J. T. Walley - 1900 - Philosophical Review 9 (6):676.
  20.  54
    E-Z Reader 7 Provides a Platform for Explaining How Low- and High-Level Linguistic Processes Influence Eye Movements.Gary E. Raney - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):498-499.
    E-Z Reader 7 is a processing model of eye-movement control. One constraint imposed on the model is that high-level cognitive processes do not influence eye movements unless normal reading processes are disturbed. I suggest that this constraint is unnecessary, and that the model provides a sensible architecture for explaining how both low- and high-level processes influence eye movements.
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  21.  54
    Conhecimento e identidade histórica em Sartre.Franklin Leopoldo E. Silva - 2003 - Trans/Form/Ação 26 (2):43-64.
    O presente texto procura acompanhar alguns aspectos da reconstrução sartreana das relações entre indivíduo e história, tentando mostrar que a fenomenologia e o materialismo dialético comparecem nessa proposta de conhecimento e que é a convergência das duas perspectivas que permite, contemplando adequadamente a universalidade e a singularidade, descrever e compreender dialeticamente o modo histórico de produção da identidade individual.
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  22.  89
    Review: The Work of E. T. Jaynes on Probability, Statistics and Statistical Physics. [REVIEW]E. T. Jaynes, D. A. Lavis & P. J. Milligan - 1985 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (2):193 - 210.
    An important contribution to the foundations of probability theory, statistics and statistical physics has been made by E. T. Jaynes. The recent publication of his collected works provides an appropriate opportunity to attempt an assessment of this contribution.
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  23.  81
    Two Notions of Being: Entity and Essence: E. J. Lowe.E. J. Lowe - 2008 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 62:23-48.
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  24.  49
    Substance and Selfhood: E. J. Lowe.E. J. Lowe - 1991 - Philosophy 66 (255):81-99.
    How could the self be a substance? There are various ways in which it could be, some familiar from the history of philosophy. I shall be rejecting these more familiar substantivalist approaches, but also the non-substantival theories traditionally opposed to them. I believe that the self is indeed a substance—in fact, that it is a simple or noncomposite substance—and, perhaps more remarkably still, that selves are, in a sense, self-creating substances. Of course, if one thinks of the notion of substance (...)
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  25. The Problem of the Empirical Basis: E. G. Zahars.E. G. Zahar - 1995 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 39:45-74.
    In this paper I shall venture into an area with which I am not very familiar and in which I feel far from confident; namely into phenomenology. My main motive is not to get away from standard, boring, methodological questions like those of induction and demarcation; but the conviction that a phenomenological account of the empirical basis forms a necessary complement to Popper's falsificationism. According to the latter, a scientific theory is a synthetic and universal, hence unverifiable proposition. In fact, (...)
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  26. VKnowledge Activation: Accessibility, Applicability, and Salience, V in E. Tory Higgins and Arie W. Kruglanski, Eds.E. T. Higgins - 1996 - In E. E. Higgins & A. Kruglanski (eds.), Social Psychology: Handbook of Basic Principles. Guilford.
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  27.  83
    Visions of Philosophy: David E. Cooper.David E. Cooper - 2009 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 65:1-13.
    Characterizations of philosophy abound. It is ‘the queen of the sciences’, a grand and sweeping metaphysical endeavour; or, less regally, it is a sort of deep anthropology or ‘descriptive metaphysics’, uncovering the general presuppositions or conceptual schemes that lurk beneath our words and thoughts. A different set of images portray philosophy as a type of therapy, or as a spiritual exercise, a way of life to be followed, or even as a special branch of poetry or politics. Then there is (...)
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  28.  27
    Martin Heidegger E a Técnica.Franklin Leopoldo E. Silva - 2007 - Scientiae Studia 5 (3):369-374.
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  29.  17
    Recherches sur les armées Hellénistiques. By M. Launey. Pp. xi + 624. Paris: E. de Boccard, 1949.E. G. Turner & M. Launey - 1950 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 70:95-96.
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  30. Zettel. Edited by G.E.M. Anscombe and G.H. Von Wright.Ludwig Wittgenstein, G. E. M. Anscombe & G. H. von Wright - 1967 - Blackwell.
     
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  31.  32
    Reactionary Modernism: David E. Cooper.David E. Cooper - 1999 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 44:291-304.
    ‘Reactionary modernism’ is a term happily coined by the historian and sociologist Jeffrey Herf to refer to a current of German thought during the interwar years. It indicates the attempt to ‘reconcil[e] the antimodernist, romantic and irrationalist ideas present in German nationalism’ with that ‘most obvious manifestation of means–ends rationality … modern technology’. Herf's paradigm examples of this current of thought are two best-selling writers of the period: Oswald Spengler, author of the massive domesday scenario The Decline of the West (...)
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  32. The Message of Affirmative Action: THOMAS E. HILL, JR.Thomas E. Hill - 1991 - Social Philosophy and Policy 8 (2):108-129.
    Affirmative action programs remain controversial, I suspect, partly because the familiar arguments for and against them start from significantly different moral perspectives. Thus I want to step back for a while from the details of debate about particular programs and give attention to the moral viewpoints presupposed in different types of argument. My aim, more specifically, is to compare the “messages” expressed when affirmative action is defended from different moral perspectives. Exclusively forward-looking arguments, I suggest, tend to express the wrong (...)
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  33.  24
    The Index Set $\{E: WE \Equiv1 X\}$.E. Herrmann - 1986 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (1):110 - 116.
    Let X be any infinite, coinfinite r.e. set. We show that the index set $\{e: W_e \equiv_1 X\}$ is Σ 0 3 -complete, answering a question posed by Odifreddi in [2].
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  34.  82
    Contract Remedies and Inalienable Rights*: RANDY E. BARNETT.Randy E. Barnett - 1986 - Social Philosophy and Policy 4 (1):179-202.
    I. Introduction Two kinds of remedies have traditionally been employed for breach of contract: legal relief and equitable relief. Legal relief normally takes the form of money damages. Equitable relief normally consists either of specific performance or an injunction – that is, the party in breach may be ordered to perform an act or to refrain from performing an act. In this article I will use a “consent theory of contract” to assess the choice between money damages and specific performance. (...)
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  35.  33
    Personal Agency: E. J. Lowe.E. J. Lowe - 2003 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 53:211-227.
    Why does the problem of free will seem so intractable? I surmise that in large measure it does so because the free will debate, at least in its modern form, is conducted in terms of a mistaken approach to causality in general. At the heart of this approach is the assumption that all causation is fundamentally event causation. Of course, it is well-known that some philosophers of action want to invoke in addition an irreducible notion of agent causation, applicable only (...)
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  36.  74
    Moore's Defence of Common Sense: A Reappraisal After Fifty Years: R. E. Tully.R. E. Tully - 1976 - Philosophy 51 (197):289-306.
    G. E. Moore's ‘A Defence of Common Sense’ has generated the kind of interest and contrariety which often accompany what is new, provocative, and even important in philosophy. Moore himself reportedly agreed with Wittgenstein's estimate that this was his best article, while C. D. Broad has lamented its very great but largely unfortunate influence. Although the essay inspired Wittgenstein to explore the basis of Moore's claim to know many propositions of common sense to be true, A. J. Ayer judges its (...)
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  37.  30
    I—Helen E. Longino.Helen E. Longino - 1997 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 71 (1):19-35.
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  38.  36
    III. Basic Emotions, Complex Emotions, Machiavellian Emotions1: Paul E. Griffiths.Paul E. Griffiths - 2003 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 52:39-67.
    According to the distinguished philosopher Richard Wollheim, an emotion is an extended mental episode that originates when events in the world frustrate or satisfy a pre-existing desire. This leads the subject to form an attitude to the world which colours their future experience, leading them to attend to one aspect of things rather than another, and to view the things they attend to in one light rather than another. The idea that emotions arise from the satisfaction or frustration of desires—the (...)
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  39. Main Currents in Contemporary German, British, and American Philosophy. [Translated From the German by Albert E. Blumberg. --].Wolfgang Stegmüller & A. E. Blumberg - 1969 - Bloomington: Reidel.
  40.  68
    Moral Construction as a Task: Sources and Limits: Thomas E. Hill, Jr.Thomas E. Hill - 2008 - Social Philosophy and Policy 25 (1):214-236.
    This essay first distinguishes different questions regarding moral objectivity and relativism and then sketches a broadly Kantian position on two of these questions. First, how, if at all, can we derive, justify, or support specific moral principles and judgments from more basic moral standards and values? Second, how, if at all, can the basic standards such as my broadly Kantian perspective, be defended? Regarding the first question, the broadly Kantian position is that from ideas in Kant's later formulations of the (...)
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  41.  25
    Reasonable Self-Interest*: THOMAS E. HILL, JR.Thomas E. Hill - 1997 - Social Philosophy and Policy 14 (1):52-85.
    Philosophers have debated for millennia about whether moral requirements are always rational to follow. The background for these debates is often what I shall call “the self-interest model.” The guiding assumption here is that the basic demand of reason, to each person, is that one must, above all, advance one's self-interest. Alternatively, debate may be framed by a related, but significantly different, assumption: the idea that the basic rational requirement is to develop and pursue a set of personal ends in (...)
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  42.  40
    Thomas E. Uebel. Epistemic Agency Naturalized: The Protocol of Testimony Acceptance.Alan W. Richardson & Thomas E. Uebel - 2005 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 79 (1):89–105.
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  43.  30
    Herington The Older Scholia on the Prometheus Bound. Leiden: E.J. Brill. 1972. Pp. X + 262. 96ff.E. W. Whittle - 1973 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 93:224-224.
  44. Hypothetical Consent in Kantian Constructivism*: THOMAS E. HILL, JR.Thomas E. Hill - 2001 - Social Philosophy and Policy 18 (2):300-329.
    Epistemology, as I understand it, is a branch of philosophy especially concerned with general questions about how we can know various things or at least justify our beliefs about them. It questions what counts as evidence and what are reasonable sources of doubt. Traditionally, episte-mology focuses on pervasive and apparently basic assumptions covering a wide range of claims to knowledge or justified belief rather than very specific, practical puzzles. For example, traditional epistemologists ask “How do we know there are material (...)
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  45. Filosofia e letteratura: nota su alcune recenti esperienze italiane in Filosofia e poesia. Philosophie et poésie.E. Pintore - 1986 - Rivista di Estetica 26 (22):107-127.
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  46. Recensioni E segnalazioni.E. Reyneri - 2003 - Polis 17:196.
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  47.  10
    Rozsos E 1996: Egészégügyi Etikai Példatr (a Collection of Lecture Notes for Qualified Nurses on Ethics in Public Health). Budapest: Haynal Imre Egészégtudományi Egyetem. 178 Pp. Huf347 (Pb). [REVIEW]E. Rozsos - 1997 - Nursing Ethics 4 (6).
  48. CONKLIN, E. G. - Heredity and environment in the development of man. [REVIEW]E. G. Russell - 1917 - Scientia 11 (22):220.
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  49. Conklin, E. G. - Heredity And Environment In The Development Of Man. [REVIEW]E. G. Russell - 1917 - Scientia, Rivista di Scienza 11 (22):220.
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  50. GODLEWSKY, E. - Das Vererbungsproblem im Lichte der Entwicklungsmechanik betrachtet. [REVIEW]E. S. Russell - 1912 - Scientia 6 (11):123.
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