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Summary For some, the problem of personal identity is a practical, not a metaphysical, problem.  Most generally, it is viewed as a problem of agency: what unifies our actions and experiences--both at a time and across time--as our own, and so what unifies us as the agents that we are? What most theorists have pursued is an answer that makes reference to narrative identity, according to which we are unified via the stories we tell about ourselves.  But there are other features of us independent of our self-construals that provide constraints on our movements in the world, namely, those features taken to be of societal importance, including race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, and so on.  These are the features of our social identity.
Key works Many have found seeds of talk of attribution and practical identity in Frankfurt 1971.  Later works on practical identity include MacIntyre 1983, Korsgaard 1989, Taylor 1989, Schechtman 1996, and Paul Ricoeur, "Narrative Identity," in D. Wood, On Paul Ricoeur: Narrative and Interpretation (London: Routledge, 1991) .  For important discussions on social identity, see Appiah 1990, and Amy Gutmann, ed., Multiculturalism: Examining the Politics of Recognition (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1994).  For an important critique of narrative identity, see Strawson ms.
Introductions Encyclopedia entries discussing narrative identity include Dauenhauer 2008 and Shoemaker 2008.  Encyclopedia entries discussing aspects of social identity include Heyes 2008 and Mikkola 2008. An introductory collection of essays on practical identity and narrative agency is Atkins & Mackenzie 2008.
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  1. Individual Valuing of Social Equality in Political and Personal Relationships.Ryan W. Davis & Jessica Preece - forthcoming - Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-20.
    Social egalitarianism holds that individuals ought to have equal power over outcomes within relationships. Egalitarian philosophers have argued for this ideal by appealing to features of political society. This way of grounding the social egalitarian principle renders it dependent on empirical facts about political culture. In particular, egalitarians have argued that social equality matters to citizens in political relationships in a way analogous to the value of equality in a marriage. In this paper, we show how egalitarian philosophers are committed (...)
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  2. Practices of Selfhood.Zygmunt Bauman & Rein Raud - 2015 - Cambridge, UK: Polity Books.
    Contemporary understanding of human subjectivity has come a long way since the Cartesian 'thinking thing' or Freud's view of the self struggling with its unconscious. We no longer think of ourselves as stable and indivisible units or combinations thereof - instead, we see the self as constantly reinvented and reorganised in interaction with others and with its social and cultural environments. But the world in which we live today is one of uncertainty where nothing can be taken for granted. Coping (...)
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  3. Personality and Authenticity in Light of the Memory-Modifying Potential of Optogenetics.Przemysław Zawadzki & Agnieszka K. Adamczyk - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 12 (1):3-21.
    There has been a growing interest in research concerning memory modification technologies (MMTs) in recent years. Neuroscientists and psychologists are beginning to explore the prospect of controllable and intentional modification of human memory. One of the technologies with the greatest potential to this end is optogenetics—an invasive neuromodulation technique involving the use of light to control the activity of individual brain cells. It has recently shown the potential to modify specific long-term memories in animal models in ways not yet possible (...)
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  4. Self-Building Technologies.François Kammerer - 2020 - AI and Society 35 (4):901-915.
    On the basis of two thought experiments, I argue that self-building technologies are possible given our current level of technological progress. We could already use technology to make us instantiate selfhood in a more perfect, complete manner. I then examine possible extensions of this thesis, regarding more radical self-building technologies which might become available in a distant future. I also discuss objections and reservations one might have about this view.
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  5. Causation, Responsibility, and Typicality.Justin Sytsma - forthcoming - Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-21.
    There is ample evidence that violations of injunctive norms impact ordinary causal attributions. This has struck some as deeply surprising, taking the ordinary concept of causation to be purely descriptive. Our explanation of the findings—the responsibility view—rejects this: we contend that the concept is in fact partly normative, being akin to concepts like responsibility and accountability. Based on this account, we predicted a very different pattern of results for causal attributions when an agent violates a statistical norm. And this pattern (...)
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  6. Grice and Heidegger on the Logic of Conversation.Chad Engelland - 2020 - In Matt Burch & Irene McMullin (eds.), Transcending Reason: Heidegger on Rationality. London: pp. 171-186.
    What justifies one interlocutor to challenge the conversational expectations of the other? Paul Grice approaches conversation as one instance of joint action that, like all such action, is governed by the Cooperative Principle. He thinks the expectations of the interlocutors must align, although he acknowledges that expectations can and do shift in the course of a conversation through a process he finds strange. Martin Heidegger analyzes discourse as governed by the normativity of care for self and for another. It is (...)
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  7. Perceiving 'Other' Minds: Autism, 4E Cognition, and the Idea of Neurodiversity.J. van Grunsven - 2020 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 27 (7-8):115-143.
    The neurodiversity movement has called for a rethinking of autistic mindedness. It rejects the commonplace tendency to theorize autism by foregrounding a set of deficiencies in behavioural, cognitive, and affective areas. Instead, the idea is, our conception of autistic mindedness ought to foreground that autistic persons, often in virtue of their autism, experience the world in manners that can be immensely meaningful to themselves and to human society at large. In this paper I presuppose that the idea of neurodiversity is (...)
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  8. The Experience of Being Oneself in Memory: Exploring Sense of Identity via Observer Memory.Ying-Tung Lin - 2020 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 11 (2):405-422.
    Every episodic memory entails a sense of identity, which allows us to mentally travel through time. There is a special way by which the subject who is remembering comes into contact with the self that is embedded in the episodic simulation of memory: we can directly and robustly experience the protagonist in memory as ourselves. This paper explores what constitutes such experience in memory. On the face of it, the issue may seem trivial: of course, we are able to entertain (...)
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  9. The Social Ontology of Personhood: A Recognition-Theoretical Account (Co-Authored Monograph).Heikki Ikäheimo, Arto Laitinen, Michael Quante & Italo Testa - manuscript
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  10. Hegel's Concept of Recognition - What is It?Heikki Ikäheimo - 2014 - In Christian Krijnen (ed.), Recognition - German Idealism as an Ongoing Challenge. pp. 11-38.
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  11. Hegel's Psychology.Heikki Ikäheimo - 2017 - In Dean Moyar (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Hegel. pp. 424-449.
  12. The Relevance (and Irrelevance) of Questions of Personhood (and Mindedness) to the Abortion Debate.David Kyle Johnson - 2019 - Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 1 (2):121‒53.
    Disagreements about abortion are often assumed to reduce to disagreements about fetal personhood (and mindedness). If one believes a fetus is a person (or has a mind), then they are “pro-life.” If one believes a fetus is not a person (or is not minded), they are “pro-choice.” The issue, however, is much more complicated. Not only is it not dichotomous—most everyone believes that abortion is permissible in some circumstances (e.g. to save the mother’s life) and not others (e.g. at nine (...)
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  13. The Co-Essential Self.J. J. McGraw - 2016 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 23 (1-2):283-301.
    Mesoamerican cosmologies have developed ideas about self using change-in-time as the principal orientation. These approaches conceive existence to be a phenomenon of temporal organization, which is radically different in assumptions and consequences than a metaphysics based on substances. The chief consequence of this is a continuity between human beings-in-time and other living and non- living entities.One 's character and destiny are of a kind with specific animals, meteorological phenomena, places, and objects. The qualities of the timed world and the qualities (...)
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  14. The European Mind: Narrative and Identity.Henry Frendo (ed.) - 2010
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  15. Art and Selfhood: A Kierkegaardian Account.Antony Aumann - 2019 - Lanham, MD 20706, USA: Lexington Books.
    Drawing on insights from Søren Kierkegaard, Art and Selfhood: A Kierkegaardian Account defends the idea that art matters in our society today because it can play a pivotal role in helping us become better and more authentic versions of ourselves.
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  16. Self-Reflection and Life-Narratives in Robert Musil’s The Man Without Qualities.Olav Krämer - 2011 - Iris 3 (6):109-125.
    The role of narrativity in the constitution of personal identity, a widely discussed topic in recent philosophy, is also an important issue in Robert Musil’s novel “The Man without Qualities.” Apart from a theoretical passage, where the coherence established by life-narratives is explicitly rejected as an illusion, the novel displays various instances of reflection in which characters seek to articulate their identity by narrating parts of their lives. Not all of these self-narratives are presented as flawed; rather, by highlighting the (...)
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  17. Some Reflections on Narrative Thought.Sergio Givone - 2011 - Iris 3 (6):75-88.
    The author reexamines a number of foundational episodes in the history of western thought through the prism of the notion of “identity philosophy,” a category that includes both parmenidean metaphysics, predicated on the assumption of a transparent relationship between reality and logos, to the exclusion of the irrational and the nothing from the number of thinkable realities, and a Wittgenstein-influenced philosophy of language implying that nothing can be said unless it has previously been fitted to the mathematical form of linguistic (...)
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  18. Narrative Aversion: Challenges for the Illness Narrative Advocate.Kathy Behrendt - 2017 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 42 (1):50-69.
    Engaging in self-narrative is often touted as a powerful antidote to the bad effects of illness. However, there are various examples of what may broadly be termed “aversion” to illness narrative. I group these into three kinds: aversion to certain types of illness narrative; aversion to illness narrative as a whole; and aversion to illness narrative as an essentially therapeutic endeavor. These aversions can throw into doubt the advantages claimed for the illness narrator, including the key benefits of repair to (...)
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  19. The Self and Transcendence of Emotion.A. Martin Gough - unknown
    I explore issues surrounding the identity of persons arising out of a certain education-related biographical research programme. Particular research projects of the programme include in-depth biographical interviews with probing for how the interviewee would describe themselves and would describe their identity, allowing them to make their own links in the context of their whole life and the learning experiences within it. The interviews enquire about different points in the "lifecourse" of the interviewee and it is interesting to see how much (...)
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  20. The Bounds of Agency: An Essay in Revisionary Metaphysics.Maximilian Degaynesford - 2002 - Mind 111 (441):170-174.
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  21. From Narrative to Proclamation: A Rhetorical Analysis of the Autobiography of Teresa of Avila.Mary C. Sullivan - 1983 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 58 (4):453-471.
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  22. Person Sein Und Geschichten Erzählenbeing a Person and Telling a Story: Personal Autonomy, Biographical Knowledge and Narrative Reasons: Eine Studie Über Personale Autonomie Und Narrative Gründe.Tim Henning - 2009 - Walter de Gruyter.
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  23. Detailed Completeness and Pleasure of the Narrative. Some Remarks on the Narrative Tradition and Plato.Michael Erler - 2015 - In Gabriele Cornelli (ed.), Plato's Styles and Characters: Between Literature and Philosophy. De Gruyter. pp. 103-118.
  24. Creating Creative Identity.Fran Hagstrom - 2005 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 24 (4):19-28.
    The construction of creative identity from a Vygotskian perspective is explored in this paper. A theoretical link is made between Vygotsky’s claims about the development of creativity and Penuet and Wertsch’s use of Vygotskian theory to address identity formation. Narrative is suggested as the link between culturally organized activities, mediated mental functioning, and the storied self. Data from semi-structured interviews about creativity conducted with a second grade child and his parents illustrate how discourses from home and school come together during (...)
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  25. Stories, Lives, and Basic Survival: A Refinement and Defense of the Narrative View.Marya Schechtman - 2007 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 60:155-178.
    Everyone loves a good story. But does everyone live a good story? It has frequently been asserted by philosophers, psychologists and others interested in understanding the distinctive nature of human existence that our lives do, or should, take a narrative form. Over the last few decades there has been a steady and growing focus on this narrative approach within philosophical discussions of personal identity, resulting in a wide range of narrative identity theories. While the narrative approach has shown great promise (...)
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  26. Narrative and Understanding Persons.Daniel D. Hutto - 2007 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 60:1-16.
    The human world is replete with narratives – narratives of our making that are uniquely appreciated by us. Some thinkers have afforded special importance to our capacity to generate such narratives, seeing it as variously enabling us to: exercise our imaginations in unique ways; engender an understanding of actions performed for reasons; and provide a basis for the kind of reflection and evaluation that matters vitally to moral and self development. Perhaps most radically, some hold that narratives are essential for (...)
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  27. Narrative Identity as a Theory of Practical Subjectivity. An Essay on Reconstruction of Paul Ricœur’s Theory. T. - 2012 - Russian Sociological Review 11 (2):100-121.
    The concept of personal identity is one of the most sensitive questions in Paul Ricoeur’s oeuvre. In this article we show what makes originality of Ricoeur’s conception of narrative identity by analyzing the way it is presented in Oneself as Another and by pointing out the difference between the ricoeurian concept and the concept of narrative identity, introduced by Alasdair MacIntyre. For this reason we would like to focus on the analysis of configuration and refiguration, studied by Ricoeur in his (...)
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  28. The Social Nature of Individual Self-Identity: Akan and Narrative Conceptions of Personhood.Corey L. Barnes - 2016 - Comparative Philosophy 7 (1).
    Marya Schechtman has given us reasons to think that there are different questions that compose personal identity. On the one hand, there is the question of reidentification, which concerns what makes a person the same person through different time-slices. On the other hand, there is the question of characterization, which concerns the actions, experiences, beliefs, values, desires, character traits, etc. that we take to be attributable to a person over time. While leaving the former question for another work, Schechtman answers (...)
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  29. Antonio pavan (ed.), Dire persona. Luoghi critici e saggi di applicazione di un'idea (Bologna: Il Mulino, 2003). [REVIEW]Lorenzo Greco - 2004 - Rivista di Filosofia 95 (3):529-30.
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  30. Charles Larmore, Pratiche dell'io (Roma: Meltemi, 2006). [REVIEW]Lorenzo Greco - 2007 - Rivista di Filosofia 98 (1):132-33.
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  31. Harry G. Frankfurt, Catturati dall'amore (Reggio Emilia: Diabasis, 2009). [REVIEW]Lorenzo Greco - 2010 - Rivista di Filosofia 101 (2):298-99.
  32. Narrative Identity and Moral Identity: A Practical Perspective.Kim Atkins - 2008 - Routledge.
    This book is part of the growing field of practical approaches to philosophical questions relating to identity, agency and ethics--approaches which work across continental and analytical traditions and which Atkins justifies through an explication of how the structures of human embodiment necessitate a narrative model of selfhood, understanding, and ethics.
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  33. Capturing Gaddafi: Narrative as System Currency.Diane Derr - 2014 - Technoetic Arts 12 (2):365-373.
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  34. Scherkoske, Greg. Integrity and the Virtues of Reason: Leading a Convincing Life.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013. Pp. 264. $99.00. [REVIEW]Daniel D. Moseley - 2014 - Ethics 125 (1):276-282.
  35. The Opacity of Narrative.D. Matravers - 2014 - Philosophical Quarterly 64 (257):667-669.
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  36. Narrative, Philosophy & Life.Allen Speight (ed.) - 2014 - Springer.
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  37. Narrative Identity, Autonomy, and Mortality: From Frankfurt and Macintyre to Kierkegaard.John J. Davenport - 2011 - Routledge.
    In the last two decades, interest in narrative conceptions of identity has grown exponentially, though there is little agreement about what a "life-narrative" might be. In connecting Kierkegaard with virtue ethics, several scholars have recently argued that narrative models of selves and MacIntyre's concept of the unity of a life help make sense of Kierkegaard's existential stages and, in particular, explain the transition from "aesthetic" to "ethical" modes of life. But others have recently raised difficult questions both for these readings (...)
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  38. Narrative, Identity and the Kierkegaardian Self.John Lippitt & Patrick Stokes (eds.) - 2015 - Edinburgh University Press.
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  39. 2. Kant and Narrative Theory.Claudia J. Brodsky - 1987 - In The Imposition of Form: Studies in Narrative Representation and Knowledge. Princeton University Press. pp. 21-87.
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  40. Spirit Drawings: A Personal Narrative.W. M. Wilkinson - 1858
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  41. Personal Narrative of a Pilgrimage to Al-Madinah & Meccah, Ed. By I. Burton. Memorial Ed.Richard Francis Burton - 1893
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  42. Narrative Act: The Path to Organizational Transformation.Laurie Elizabeth Julian - 1997 - Dissertation, University of San Francisco
    This research explores how narrative act creates the path to organizational transformation. Narrative act is defined as entering into the stories of self, other, and the organization in order to recover the past and create the future. Transformation is defined as a fundamental change in condition and an increase in capacity; a movement from one of being to another. The articulation of a path to organizational transformation based in narrative is this work's distinct contribution to learning. The research develops six (...)
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  43. Toward a Theory of Narrative Unsettlement: The Ladino Account of Hernando de Escalante Fontaneda.Anna Brickhouse - 2010 - Clio: A Journal of Literature, History, and the Philosophy of History 40 (1):35-62.
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  44. Unbinding the Structures of Narrative Agency: Internarrative Subjectivity and the Classical Aesthetic Foundation of Ricoeurean Identity.Ajit K. Maan - 1997 - Dissertation, University of Oregon
    While contemporary inquiries into the nature of the "self" are inclined to allow previously marginalized groups to assert their status as subjects and their stories as narratives, the postmodern denial of authorship and deconstruction of the self as a linguistic construction throws this entire inquiry into question. But while deconstruction calls autobiography into question by problematizing the authority and source of any utterance, others point out that the postmodern deconstruction of subjectivity is a luxury of the privileged. As one philosopher (...)
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  45. Personal Narrative And The Systematization Of Knowledge In The Thought Of Jean Gerson.Nancy McLoughlin - 2008 - Mediaevalia 29 (1):83-107.
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  46. One Woman's Way: A Self-Reflexive Narrative.Sharon Kehoe - 1997 - Dissertation, California Institute of Integral Studies
    This dissertation is a cross-cultural and interdisciplinary study using the juxtapositions of East to West, ancient to contemporary, and masculine to feminine, for the purpose of showing embodied movement toward wisdom. It aims to show the translation of a philosophy of transformative learning into praxis through reflection and the creative process of narrative. Put more simply, it explores the relationship of stories within and as mirrors of themselves. It makes use of the disciplines of religion and philosophy, education, feminist thought, (...)
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  47. From Narrative Therapy to Narrative Theology.Robert O. Piehl - 1999 - Dissertation, Fuller Theological Seminary, School of Psychology
    Narrative therapists promote themselves as embracing both unique treatment techniques and a postmodern worldview based on a narrative metaphor and their own understanding of social constructionism. Many of the assumptions of this worldview are incompatible with traditional evangelical understandings of the Christian faith. This situation creates problems for Christian therapists who wish to incorporate recent advances within family therapy into their work. This dissertation explores the apparent impasse between narrative therapy and Christianity. The conclusion is that Christian therapists can profit (...)
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  48. One Man's Life a Personal Narrative.W. J. Brown - 1962 - Epworth Press.
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  49. His Controversial Materials: Philip Pullman and Religious Narrative Identity.Jessica Garrahy - 2009 - Literature & Aesthetics 19 (2):105-122.
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  50. Neocybernetics and Narrative.Bruce Clarke - 2014 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
    _Neocybernetics and Narrative_ opens a new chapter in Bruce Clarke’s project of rethinking narrative and media through systems theory. Reconceiving interrelations among subjects, media, significations, and the social, this study demonstrates second-order systems theory’s potential to provide fresh insights into the familiar topics of media studies and narrative theory. A pioneer of systems narratology, Clarke offers readers a synthesis of the neocybernetic theories of cognition formulated by biologists Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela, incubated by cyberneticist Heinz von Foerster, and cultivated (...)
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