Results for 'Gerard M. H. Swaen'

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  1. Selective Citation in the Literature on Swimming in Chlorinated Water and Childhood Asthma: A Network Analysis.Maurice P. Zeegers, Lex M. Bouter, Gerard M. H. Swaen, Miriam J. E. Urlings & Bram Duyx - 2017 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 2 (1).
    BackgroundKnowledge development depends on an unbiased representation of the available evidence. Selective citation may distort this representation. Recently, some controversy emerged regarding the possible impact of swimming on childhood asthma, raising the question about the role of selective citation in this field. Our objective was to assess the occurrence and determinants of selective citation in scientific publications on the relationship between swimming in chlorinated pools and childhood asthma.MethodsWe identified scientific journal articles on this relationship via a systematic literature search. The (...)
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  2.  3
    Determinants of Citation in Epidemiological Studies on Phthalates: A Citation Analysis.Miriam J. E. Urlings, Bram Duyx, Gerard M. H. Swaen, Lex M. Bouter & Maurice P. A. Zeegers - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (6):3053-3067.
    Citing of previous publications is an important factor in knowledge development. Because of the great amount of publications available, only a selection of studies gets cited, for varying reasons. If the selection of citations is associated with study outcome this is called citation bias. We will study determinants of citation in a broader sense, including e.g. study design, journal impact factor or the funding source of the publication. As a case study we assess which factors drive citation in the human (...)
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  3.  4
    Selective Citation in Scientific Literature on the Human Health Effects of Bisphenol A.M. P. Zeegers, L. M. Bouter, G. M. H. Swaen, B. Duyx & M. J. E. Urlings - 2019 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 4 (1).
    IntroductionBisphenol A is highly debated and studied in relation to a variety of health outcomes. This large variation in the literature makes BPA a topic that is prone to selective use of literature, in order to underpin one’s own findings and opinion. Over time, selective use of literature, by means of citations, can lead to a skewed knowledge development and a biased scientific consensus. In this study, we assess which factors drive citation and whether this results in the overrepresentation of (...)
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  4.  19
    Epistemic Logic and the Theory of Games and Decisions.M. O. L. Bacharach, L. Gérard-Varet, P. Mongin & H. S. Shin (eds.) - 1997 - Dordrecht: Springer.
    This collection of papers in epistemic logic is oriented towards applications to game theory and individual decision theory. Most of these papers were presented at the inaugural conference of the LOFT (Logic for the Theory and Games and Decisions) conference series, which took place in 1994 in Marseille. Among the notions dealt with are those of common knowledge and common belief, infinite hierarchies of beliefs and belief spaces, logical omniscience, positive and negative introspection, backward induction and rationalizable equilibria in game (...)
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  5.  19
    Boekbesprekingen.H. W. M. van Grol, Bart J. Koet, Theo de Kruijf, Martin Parmentier, Martien Parmentier, Gerard Rouwhorst, H. Rikhof, Paul van Geest, A. H. C. van Eijk, Ton Meijers, Veerle Fraeters, Walter Van Herck, Carlo Leget, Paul Favraux & Annemie Dillen - 2003 - Bijdragen 64 (1):97-122.
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  6.  33
    Poems of Gerard Manley HopkinsGerard Manley Hopkins ; A Study of Poetic Idiosyncrasy in Relation to Poetic TraditionGerard Manley Hopkins; A Critical Essay Towards the Understanding of His PoetryImmortal Diamond: Studies in Gerard Manley Hopkins.Craig la Driere, W. H. Gardner, Gerard Manley Hopkins, W. A. M. Peters & Norman Weyand - 1950 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 9 (2):153.
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  7.  5
    An Argumentative Reconstruction of the Computer Metaphor of the Brain.Andreas Bilstrup Finsen, Gerard J. Steen & Jean H. M. Wagemans - 2019 - Journal of Argumentation in Context 8 (3):317-335.
    The computer metaphor of the brain is frequently criticized by scientists and philosophers outside the computational paradigm. Proponents of the metaphor may then seek to defend its explanatory merits, in which case the metaphor functions as a standpoint. Insofar as previous research in argumentation theory has treated metaphors either as presentational devices or arguments by analogy, this points to hitherto unexplored aspects of how metaphors may function in argumentative discourse. We start from the assumption that the computer metaphor of the (...)
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  8.  2
    Réponse À H.M. Collins.Gérard Darmon - 1987 - Social Science Information 26 (2):461-464.
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  9.  9
    F. Tlnland, J. Schotte, R. Jongen, H. Declève, M. Canivet, G. Gérard, H. Leonardy, M. Casañas, J. Taminiaux, Gh. Florival, R. Pirard, J. Ladrière, A. Vergote, Études d'anthropologie philosophique. Éd. par Gh. Florival. [REVIEW]Jacques Étienne - 1986 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 84 (61):142-146.
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  10.  11
    Boekbesprekingen.P. C. Beentjes, Bart J. Koet, Th Bell, J. Muis, Susanne Hennecke, Willem B. Drees, Ton Meijers, Gerard Rouwhorst & H. G. M. de Groot - 2003 - Bijdragen 64 (3):348-362.
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  11.  3
    Catholicism Opening to the World and Other Confessions: Vatican Ii and its Impact.John Borelli, Drew Christiansen, Gerard Mannion, Jason Welle O. F. M., Vladimir Latinovic, John O’Malley, Agnes de Dreuzy, Charles E. Curran, Matthew A. Shadle, Patricia Madigan, Mary McClintock Fulkerson, Anne E. Patrick, Jan Nielen, Agnes M. Brazal, Paul G. Monson, Dale T. Irvin, Dagmar Heller, Anastacia Wooden, Mark D. Chapman, Dorothea Sattler, Patrick J. Hayes, Susan K. Wood, H. E. Cardinal W. Kasper & Brian Flanagan - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
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  12.  19
    Memoirs of Fellows and Corresponding Fellows of the Medieval Academy of America.Leonard F. Boyle, Ruth J. Dean, Paul Meyvaert, Richard H. Rouse, Morton W. Bloomfield, Gerard J. Brault, William J. Roach, Robert Brentano, Paul O. Kristeller, Charles T. Davis, William J. Courtenay, Kenneth M. Setton, Joseph R. Strayer, Samuel E. Thorne & George Cuttino - 1987 - Speculum 62 (3):787-793.
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  13.  25
    Books Briefly Noted.Gerard Casey, Dermot Moran, Manuel de Pinedo, Gary Elkins & Rom Harr - 1995 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 3 (1):217 – 224.
    Educating the Virtues David Carr Routledge, 1991. Pp. 304. ISBN 0?415?05746?9. £35. The Philosophical Theology of St Thomas Aquinas By Leo J. Elders E. J. Brill, 1990. Pp. 332. ISBN 0?04?09156?4. $74.36. The State and Justice: An Essay in Political Theory By Milton Fisk Cambridge University Press, 1990. Pp. x + 391. ISBN 0?521?38966?6. £10.95 pbk. Perspectives on Language and Thought: Interrelations in Development Edited by S. A. Gelman and J. P. Byrnes Cambridge University Press, 1992. Pp. xii + 524. (...)
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  14.  7
    (M. H.) Hansen The Athenian Ecclesia: A Collection of Articles 1976–83. (Opuscula Graecolatina, 26.) Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press. 1983. P. Ix + 245. D Kr. 160 (Bound), D Kr. 120 (Paper). - (M. H.) Hansen Die Athenische Volksversammlung Ini Zeitalter des Demosthenes. (Xenia, 13.) Konstanz: Universitätsverlag. 1984. Pp. 211. DM 48. [REVIEW]P. J. Rhodes & M. H. Hansen - 1986 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 106:239-239.
  15. Mr. Russell's Causal Theory of Perception.M. H. A. Newman - 1928 - Mind 37 (146):26-43.
  16. The Mirror and the Lamp: Romantic Theory and the Critical Tradition.M. H. Abrams - 1953 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 12 (4):527-527.
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  17.  45
    Solution of a Problem of Leon Henkin.M. H. Löb - 1955 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 20 (2):115-118.
  18. The Deconstructive Angel.M. H. Abrams - 1977 - Critical Inquiry 3 (3):425-438.
    That brings me to the crux of my disagreement with Hillis Miller. The central contention is not simply that I am sometimes, or always, wrong in my interpretation, but instead that I—like other traditional historians—can never be right in my interpretation. For Miller assents to Nietzsche's challenge of "the concept of 'rightness' in interpretation," and to Nietzsche's assertion that "the same text authorizes innumerable interpretations : there is no 'correct' interpretation."1 Nietzsche's views of interpretation, as Miller says, are relevant to (...)
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  19.  23
    The Theory of Representations for Boolean Algebras.M. H. Stone - 1936 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 1 (3):118-119.
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  20.  79
    Natural Supernaturalism: Tradition and Revolution in Romantic Literature.M. H. Abrams - 1972 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 31 (1):132-132.
  21.  13
    Der Liber de Arcubus Similibus des Ahmed Ibn Jusuf.Von H. L. L. Busard & P. S. van Koningsveld - 1973 - Annals of Science 30 (4):381-406.
    The text of the tract De arcubus similibus was published for the first time by M. Curtze in 1887. However, after examining some more Latin manuscripts and the Arabic MS Oxford, Bodleian Library, Marsh 663 it appeared, that Curtze's edition was rather an adaptation. Also Curtze's suggestion that Jordanus Nemorarius was the author was very probably wrong. The author of the tract was the Egyptian mathematician Ahmed ibn Jusuf as appears from the Latin manuscripts, and its translator, very probably, (...) of Cremona. In the tract Ahmed tried to prove, that the assertion ‘similar arcs are also equal arcs’ was wrong . His starting points were the propositions Euclid III, 20 and 21. Consequently, the tract can be looked upon as a commentary on the third book of the Elements. (shrink)
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  22. The Scientific Basis of Leonardo da Vinci's Theory of Perspective.M. H. Pirenne - 1952 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 3 (10):169-185.
  23.  92
    Can Automatic Calculating Machines Be Said to Think?M. H. A. Newman, Alan M. Turing, Geoffrey Jefferson, R. B. Braithwaite & S. Shieber - 2004 - In Stuart M. Shieber (ed.), The Turing Test: Verbal Behavior as the Hallmark of Intelligence. MIT Press.
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  24.  18
    Evaluating Clinical Ethics Support in Mental Healthcare: A Systematic Literature Review.M. H. Hem, R. Pedersen, R. Norvoll & B. Molewijk - 2015 - Nursing Ethics 22 (4):452-466.
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  25.  23
    Social Theory as Science.M. H. Weston, John Urry & Russell Keat - 1976 - Philosophical Quarterly 26 (104):288.
  26.  61
    Refining the Interest Theory of Rights.M. H. Kramer - 2010 - American Journal of Jurisprudence 55 (1):31-39.
  27.  21
    The Future of Psychopharmacological Enhancements: Expectations and Policies.M. H. N. Schermer, I. Bolt, R. De Jongh & B. Olivier - 2009 - Neuroethics 2 (2):75-87.
  28.  12
    Mass and Elite in Democratic Athens: Rhetoric, Ideology, and the Power of the People. [REVIEW]M. H. Chambers & J. Ober - 1991 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 111:243-244.
  29.  10
    The Three Near-Death Experiences of P.M.H. Atwater.P. M. H. Atwater - 2020 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 10 (1):E13-E15.
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  30.  31
    J. M. H. Fritz, Professional Civility: Communicative Virtue at Work: Peter Lang, New York, 2013, XIV, 273 Pp, ISBN 978-1-4331-1985-9 Hb. [REVIEW]Annette M. Holba - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 115 (3):645-649.
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  31.  25
    Topological Representations of Distributive Lattices and Brouwerian Logics.M. H. Stone - 1938 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 3 (2):90-91.
  32.  35
    Medical Confidentiality: An Intransigent and Absolute Obligation.M. H. Kottow - 1986 - Journal of Medical Ethics 12 (3):117-122.
    Clinicians' work depends on sincere and complete disclosures from their patients; they honour this candidness by confidentially safeguarding the information received. Breaching confidentiality causes harms that are not commensurable with the possible benefits gained. Limitations or exceptions put on confidentiality would destroy it, for the confider would become suspicious and un-co-operative, the confidant would become untrustworthy and the whole climate of the clinical encounter would suffer irreversible erosion. Excusing breaches of confidence on grounds of superior moral values introduces arbitrariness and (...)
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  33.  59
    Oxford and Cambridge in Transition: 1558-1642.M. H. Curtis - 1960 - British Journal of Educational Studies 8 (2):182-183.
  34.  20
    The Different Faces of Autonomy. A Study on Patient Autonomy in Ethical Theory and Hospital.M. H. N. Schermer - 2001 - In John Harris (ed.), Bioethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 16--29.
  35. Working on the Inside: Ronald Dworkin's Moral Philosophy. [REVIEW]M. H. Kramer - 2013 - Analysis 73 (1):118-129.
  36.  14
    Stacking-Fault Tetrahedra in Deformed Face-Centred Cubic Metals.M. H. Loretto, L. M. Clarebrough & R. L. Segall - 1965 - Philosophical Magazine 11 (111):459-465.
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  37. Blackburn's Projectivism — an Objection.M. H. Brighouse - 1990 - Philosophical Studies 59 (2):225 - 233.
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  38.  51
    Brave New World Versus Island -- Utopian and Dystopian Views on Psychopharmacology.M. H. N. Schermer - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (2):119-128.
    Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World is a famous dystopia, frequently called upon in public discussions about new biotechnology. It is less well known that 30 years later Huxley also wrote a utopian novel, called Island. This paper will discuss both novels focussing especially on the role of psychopharmacological substances. If we see fiction as a way of imagining what the world could look like, then what can we learn from Huxley’s novels about psychopharmacology and how does that relate to the (...)
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  39.  32
    Justice Holmes, the Prediction Theory of Law, and Pragmatism.M. H. Fisch - 1942 - Journal of Philosophy 39 (4):85-97.
  40.  84
    Doing Things with Texts: Essays in Criticism and Critical Theory.M. H. Abrams - 1991 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 49 (2):173-175.
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  41.  1
    Sonderband Connectionist Models of Human Language Processing.M. H. Christiansen, N. Chater & M. S. Seidenberg - 1999 - Cognitive Science 23 (4):417-437.
  42.  44
    Processes of Change in Brain and Cognitive Development.M. H. Johnson & Y. Munakata - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (3):152-158.
  43.  28
    Applications of the Theory of Boolean Rings to General Topology.M. H. Stone - 1939 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 4 (2):88-89.
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  44.  22
    Analysis of a Penny-Shaped Crack in a Magneto-Electro-Elastic Medium.M. -H. Zhao, F. Yang & T. Liu - 2006 - Philosophical Magazine 86 (28):4397-4416.
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  45.  37
    Every Real Closed Field has an Integer Part.M. H. Mourgues & J. P. Ressayre - 1993 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 58 (2):641-647.
    Let us call an integer part of an ordered field any subring such that every element of the field lies at distance less than 1 from a unique element of the ring. We show that every real closed field has an integer part.
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  46.  19
    Who is My Brother's Keeper?M. H. Kottow - 2002 - Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (1):24-27.
    Clinical and research practices designed by developed countries are often implemented in host nations of the Third World. In recent years, a number of papers have presented a diversity of arguments to justify these practices which include the defence of research with placebos even though best proven treatments exist; the distribution of drugs unapproved in their country of origin; withholding of existing therapy in order to observe the natural course of infection and disease; redefinition of equipoise to a more bland (...)
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  47.  53
    Robert Grosseteste and the Origins of Experimental Science, 1100-1700.M. H. Carre & A. C. Crombie - 1954 - Philosophical Quarterly 4 (14):86.
  48.  10
    The Stacking-Fault Energy of Silver.M. H. Loretto, L. M. Clarebrough & R. L. Segall - 1964 - Philosophical Magazine 10 (106):731-732.
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  49.  14
    Critical Notice: Cycles of Contingency '€“ Developmental Systems and Evolution.J. M. H. Griesemer, G. Haber & Yamashita - 2005 - Biology and Philosophy 20 (2-3):517.
    The themes, problems and challenges of developmental systems theory as described in Cycles of Contingency are discussed. We argue in favor of a robust approach to philosophical and scientific problems of extended heredity and the integration of behavior, development, inheritance, and evolution. Problems with Sterelny's proposal to evaluate inheritance systems using his `Hoyle criteria' are discussed and critically evaluated. Additional support for a developmental systems perspective is sought in evolutionary studies of performance and behavior modulation of fitness. -/- .
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  50.  14
    The Nature of Evil.M. H. Kramer - 2014 - American Journal of Jurisprudence 59 (1):49-84.
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