Results for 'Gerard M. H. Swaen'

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  1.  4
    Selective Citation in the Literature on Swimming in Chlorinated Water and Childhood Asthma: A Network Analysis.Maurice P. Zeegers, Lex M. Bouter, Gerard M. H. Swaen, Miriam J. E. Urlings & Bram Duyx - 2017 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 2 (1).
    BackgroundKnowledge development depends on an unbiased representation of the available evidence. Selective citation may distort this representation. Recently, some controversy emerged regarding the possible impact of swimming on childhood asthma, raising the question about the role of selective citation in this field. Our objective was to assess the occurrence and determinants of selective citation in scientific publications on the relationship between swimming in chlorinated pools and childhood asthma.MethodsWe identified scientific journal articles on this relationship via a systematic literature search. The (...)
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  2.  3
    Determinants of Citation in Epidemiological Studies on Phthalates: A Citation Analysis.Miriam J. E. Urlings, Bram Duyx, Gerard M. H. Swaen, Lex M. Bouter & Maurice P. A. Zeegers - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (6):3053-3067.
    Citing of previous publications is an important factor in knowledge development. Because of the great amount of publications available, only a selection of studies gets cited, for varying reasons. If the selection of citations is associated with study outcome this is called citation bias. We will study determinants of citation in a broader sense, including e.g. study design, journal impact factor or the funding source of the publication. As a case study we assess which factors drive citation in the human (...)
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  3.  10
    Selective Citation in Scientific Literature on the Human Health Effects of Bisphenol A.M. P. Zeegers, L. M. Bouter, G. M. H. Swaen, B. Duyx & M. J. E. Urlings - 2019 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 4 (1).
    IntroductionBisphenol A is highly debated and studied in relation to a variety of health outcomes. This large variation in the literature makes BPA a topic that is prone to selective use of literature, in order to underpin one’s own findings and opinion. Over time, selective use of literature, by means of citations, can lead to a skewed knowledge development and a biased scientific consensus. In this study, we assess which factors drive citation and whether this results in the overrepresentation of (...)
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  4. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Targeting the Entire Motor Network Does Not Increase Corticospinal Excitability.Joris Van der Cruijsen, Zeb D. Jonker, Eleni-Rosalina Andrinopoulou, Jessica E. Wijngaarden, Ditte A. Tangkau, Joke H. M. Tulen, Maarten A. Frens, Gerard M. Ribbers & Ruud W. Selles - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Transcranial direct current stimulation over the contralateral primary motor cortex of the target muscle has been described to enhance corticospinal excitability, as measured with transcranial magnetic stimulation. Recently, tDCS targeting the brain regions functionally connected to the contralateral primary motor cortex was reported to enhance corticospinal excitability more than conventional tDCS. We compared the effects of motor network tDCS, 2 mA conventional tDCS, and sham tDCS on corticospinal excitability in 21 healthy participants in a randomized, single-blind within-subject study design. We (...)
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  5.  20
    Boekbesprekingen.H. W. M. van Grol, Bart J. Koet, Theo de Kruijf, Martin Parmentier, Martien Parmentier, Gerard Rouwhorst, H. Rikhof, Paul van Geest, A. H. C. van Eijk, Ton Meijers, Veerle Fraeters, Walter Van Herck, Carlo Leget, Paul Favraux & Annemie Dillen - 2003 - Bijdragen 64 (1):97-122.
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  6.  23
    Epistemic Logic and the Theory of Games and Decisions.M. O. L. Bacharach, L. Gérard-Varet, P. Mongin & H. S. Shin (eds.) - 1997 - Dordrecht: Springer.
    This collection of papers in epistemic logic is oriented towards applications to game theory and individual decision theory. Most of these papers were presented at the inaugural conference of the LOFT (Logic for the Theory and Games and Decisions) conference series, which took place in 1994 in Marseille. Among the notions dealt with are those of common knowledge and common belief, infinite hierarchies of beliefs and belief spaces, logical omniscience, positive and negative introspection, backward induction and rationalizable equilibria in game (...)
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  7.  7
    An Argumentative Reconstruction of the Computer Metaphor of the Brain.Andreas Bilstrup Finsen, Gerard J. Steen & Jean H. M. Wagemans - 2019 - Journal of Argumentation in Context 8 (3):317-335.
    The computer metaphor of the brain is frequently criticized by scientists and philosophers outside the computational paradigm. Proponents of the metaphor may then seek to defend its explanatory merits, in which case the metaphor functions as a standpoint. Insofar as previous research in argumentation theory has treated metaphors either as presentational devices or arguments by analogy, this points to hitherto unexplored aspects of how metaphors may function in argumentative discourse. We start from the assumption that the computer metaphor of the (...)
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  8.  33
    Poems of Gerard Manley HopkinsGerard Manley Hopkins ; A Study of Poetic Idiosyncrasy in Relation to Poetic TraditionGerard Manley Hopkins; A Critical Essay Towards the Understanding of His PoetryImmortal Diamond: Studies in Gerard Manley Hopkins.Craig la Driere, W. H. Gardner, Gerard Manley Hopkins, W. A. M. Peters & Norman Weyand - 1950 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 9 (2):153.
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  9.  11
    How Do Scientists Criticize the Computer Metaphor of the Brain?Andreas Bilstrup Finsen, Gerard J. Steen & Jean H. M. Wagemans - 2021 - Journal of Argumentation in Context 10 (2):171-201.
    The central metaphor in cognitive science is the computer metaphor of the brain. In previous work, we reconstructed the metaphor in a novel way, guided by the assumption that it functions as an explanatory hypothesis. We developed an argumentative pattern for justifying scientific explanations in which this metaphor functions as a standpoint supported by argumentation containing abduction and analogy. In this paper, we use the argumentative pattern as a heuristic to reconstruct recent scientific criticisms against the computer metaphor. The pattern (...)
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  10.  2
    Réponse À H.M. Collins.Gérard Darmon - 1987 - Social Science Information 26 (2):461-464.
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  11.  9
    F. Tlnland, J. Schotte, R. Jongen, H. Declève, M. Canivet, G. Gérard, H. Leonardy, M. Casañas, J. Taminiaux, Gh. Florival, R. Pirard, J. Ladrière, A. Vergote, Études d'anthropologie philosophique. Éd. par Gh. Florival. [REVIEW]Jacques Étienne - 1986 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 84 (61):142-146.
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  12.  12
    Boekbesprekingen.P. C. Beentjes, Bart J. Koet, Th Bell, J. Muis, Susanne Hennecke, Willem B. Drees, Ton Meijers, Gerard Rouwhorst & H. G. M. de Groot - 2003 - Bijdragen 64 (3):348-362.
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  13.  5
    Catholicism Opening to the World and Other Confessions: Vatican Ii and its Impact.John Borelli, Drew Christiansen, Gerard Mannion, Jason Welle O. F. M., Vladimir Latinovic, John O’Malley, Agnes de Dreuzy, Charles E. Curran, Matthew A. Shadle, Patricia Madigan, Mary McClintock Fulkerson, Anne E. Patrick, Jan Nielen, Agnes M. Brazal, Paul G. Monson, Dale T. Irvin, Dagmar Heller, Anastacia Wooden, Mark D. Chapman, Dorothea Sattler, Patrick J. Hayes, Susan K. Wood, H. E. Cardinal W. Kasper & Brian Flanagan - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
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  14.  21
    Memoirs of Fellows and Corresponding Fellows of the Medieval Academy of America.Leonard F. Boyle, Ruth J. Dean, Paul Meyvaert, Richard H. Rouse, Morton W. Bloomfield, Gerard J. Brault, William J. Roach, Robert Brentano, Paul O. Kristeller, Charles T. Davis, William J. Courtenay, Kenneth M. Setton, Joseph R. Strayer, Samuel E. Thorne & George Cuttino - 1987 - Speculum 62 (3):787-793.
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  15.  26
    Books Briefly Noted.Gerard Casey, Dermot Moran, Manuel de Pinedo, Gary Elkins & Rom Harr - 1995 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 3 (1):217 – 224.
    Educating the Virtues David Carr Routledge, 1991. Pp. 304. ISBN 0?415?05746?9. £35. The Philosophical Theology of St Thomas Aquinas By Leo J. Elders E. J. Brill, 1990. Pp. 332. ISBN 0?04?09156?4. $74.36. The State and Justice: An Essay in Political Theory By Milton Fisk Cambridge University Press, 1990. Pp. x + 391. ISBN 0?521?38966?6. £10.95 pbk. Perspectives on Language and Thought: Interrelations in Development Edited by S. A. Gelman and J. P. Byrnes Cambridge University Press, 1992. Pp. xii + 524. (...)
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  16.  46
    Solution of a Problem of Leon Henkin.M. H. Löb - 1955 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 20 (2):115-118.
  17.  8
    (M. H.) Hansen The Athenian Ecclesia: A Collection of Articles 1976–83. (Opuscula Graecolatina, 26.) Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press. 1983. P. Ix + 245. D Kr. 160 (Bound), D Kr. 120 (Paper). - (M. H.) Hansen Die Athenische Volksversammlung Ini Zeitalter des Demosthenes. (Xenia, 13.) Konstanz: Universitätsverlag. 1984. Pp. 211. DM 48. [REVIEW]P. J. Rhodes & M. H. Hansen - 1986 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 106:239-239.
  18. The Mirror and the Lamp: Romantic Theory and the Critical Tradition.M. H. Abrams - 1953 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 12 (4):527-527.
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  19.  11
    The Three Near-Death Experiences of P.M.H. Atwater.P. M. H. Atwater - 2020 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 10 (1):E13-E15.
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  20.  6
    Censure and Heresy at the University of Paris, 1200-1400.J. M. M. H. Thijssen, Johannes Matheus Maria Hermanus Thijssen & Thijssen Thijssen - 1998 - University of Pennsylvania Press.
    For the scholastic philosopher William Ockham, there are three kinds of heresy. The first, and most unmistakable, is an outright denial of the truths of faith. Another is so obvious that a very simple person, even if illiterate, can see how it contradicts Divine Scripture. The third kind of heresy is less clear cut. It is perceptible only after long deliberation and only to individuals who are learned, and well versed in Scripture. It is this third variety of heresy that (...)
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  21. The Deconstructive Angel.M. H. Abrams - 1977 - Critical Inquiry 3 (3):425-438.
    That brings me to the crux of my disagreement with Hillis Miller. The central contention is not simply that I am sometimes, or always, wrong in my interpretation, but instead that I—like other traditional historians—can never be right in my interpretation. For Miller assents to Nietzsche's challenge of "the concept of 'rightness' in interpretation," and to Nietzsche's assertion that "the same text authorizes innumerable interpretations : there is no 'correct' interpretation."1 Nietzsche's views of interpretation, as Miller says, are relevant to (...)
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  22.  84
    Natural Supernaturalism: Tradition and Revolution in Romantic Literature.M. H. Abrams - 1972 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 31 (1):132-132.
  23. Mr. Russell's Causal Theory of Perception.M. H. A. Newman - 1928 - Mind 37 (146):26-43.
  24.  35
    G. L. Possehl's and M. H. Raval's Harappan Civilization and RojdiHarappan Civilization and Rojdi.Walter A. Fairservis, Gregory L. Possehl & M. H. Raval - 1991 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 111 (1):108.
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  25.  13
    Archaeology in Greece 1937–1938.Gerard M. Young - 1938 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 58 (2):217-239.
  26. WODEHOUSE, H. -The Logic of Will. [REVIEW]M. H. Wood - 1908 - Mind 17:576.
  27. On the Branching Factor of the Alpha-Beta Pruning Algorithm.Gérard M. Baudet - 1978 - Artificial Intelligence 10 (2):173-199.
  28.  1
    English Historical Economics, 1870–1926: The Rise of Economic History and Neomercantilism.Gerard M. Koot - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    In the first comprehensive and full-length study of the English historical economists, Gerard Koot traces their revolt against the theory, policy recommendations and academic dominance of classical and neoclassical economics in Britain between 1870 and 1926. English Historical Economics, 1870–1926 shows how these historical critics challenged the deductive method and mechanistic assumptions of the economic orthodoxy, developing an historical and inductive method for economic studies and laying the foundation for the professional study of economic history. The author examines the (...)
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  29.  24
    The Theory of Representations for Boolean Algebras.M. H. Stone - 1936 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 1 (3):118-119.
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  30.  94
    Doing Things with Texts: Essays in Criticism and Critical Theory.M. H. Abrams - 1991 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 49 (2):173-175.
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  31.  3
    Archaeology in Greece, 1936–37.Gerard M. Young - 1937 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 57 (2):119-146.
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  32.  18
    Early Pottery of the Jebeleh Region. By A. M. H. Ehrich. Appendix by E. O. Forrer. Pp. 129; Pl. 24 + 3 Text Figs. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1939. [REVIEW]C. F. A. Schaeffer & A. M. H. Ehrich - 1942 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 62:106-107.
  33. The Scientific Basis of Leonardo da Vinci's Theory of Perspective.M. H. Pirenne - 1952 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 3 (10):169-185.
  34.  17
    Reviews. [REVIEW]James M. Gustafson - 1979 - Heythrop Journal 20 (4):421–460.
    Authority in Morals: An Essay in Christian Ethics. By Gerard J. Hughes On Human Nature. By Edward O. Wilson Democracy and Ethical Life. By Claes G. Ryn The Foundations of Modern Political Thought. By Quentin Skinner. 2 vols. Phenomenology and the Social World: the Philosophy of Merleau‐Ponty and its Relation to the Social Conscience. By Laurie Spurting Philosophical Foundations of the Three Sociologies. By Ted Benton Christianity and the World Order. By Edward Norman. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1979, £3.50. (...)
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  35.  20
    Evaluating Clinical Ethics Support in Mental Healthcare: A Systematic Literature Review.M. H. Hem, R. Pedersen, R. Norvoll & B. Molewijk - 2015 - Nursing Ethics 22 (4):452-466.
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  36.  99
    Can Automatic Calculating Machines Be Said to Think?M. H. A. Newman, Alan M. Turing, Geoffrey Jefferson, R. B. Braithwaite & S. Shieber - 2004 - In Stuart M. Shieber (ed.), The Turing Test: Verbal Behavior as the Hallmark of Intelligence. MIT Press.
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  37.  27
    Newman M. H. A.. On Theories with a Combinatorial Definition of “Equivalence.” Annals of Mathematics, Ser. 2 Vol. 43 , Pp. 223–243. [REVIEW]H. E. Vaughan - 1942 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 7 (3):123-123.
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  38.  6
    Verschuuren, Gerard M., Darwin’s Philosophical Legacy, The Good and the Not-So-Good.Dorothea Olkowski - 2013 - Review of Metaphysics 66 (4):859-860.
  39.  23
    Social Theory as Science.M. H. Weston, John Urry & Russell Keat - 1976 - Philosophical Quarterly 26 (104):288.
  40.  22
    Review: M. H. A. Newman, On Theories with a Combinatorial Definition of "Equivalence.". [REVIEW]H. E. Vaughan - 1942 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 7 (3):123-123.
  41. ROSSI, M. M. - La Vita, le Opere, I Tempi di Edoardo Herbert di Chirbury. [REVIEW]M. H. Carré - 1948 - Mind 57:237.
     
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  42.  24
    Rationality and Imagination in Cultural History: A Reply to Wayne Booth.M. H. Abrams - 1976 - Critical Inquiry 2 (3):447-464.
    In retrospect, I think I was right to compose Natural Supernaturalism by relying on taste, tact, and intuition rather than on a controlling method. A book of this kind, which deals with the history of human intellection, feeling, and imagination, employs special vocabularies, procedures, and modes of demonstration which, over many centuries of development, have shown their profitability when applied to matters of this sort. I agree with Booth that these procedures, when valid, are in a broad sense rational, and (...)
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  43.  12
    Mass and Elite in Democratic Athens: Rhetoric, Ideology, and the Power of the People. [REVIEW]M. H. Chambers & J. Ober - 1991 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 111:243-244.
  44.  21
    Behaviorism and Deconstruction: A Comment on Morse Peckham's "The Infinitude of Pluralism".M. H. Abrams - 1977 - Critical Inquiry 4 (1):181-193.
    Peckham claims that my "behavior" in dealing with the quotations in Natural Supernaturalism is the same, in methodology and validity, as the interpretative behavior of Booth's waiter. But the great bulk of the utterances in my quotations—and no less, of the utterances constituting Peckham's own essay—do not consist of orders, requests, or commands. Instead, they consist of assertions, descriptions, judgments, exclamations, approbations, condemnations, and many other kinds of speech-acts, the meanings of which are not related to my interpretative behavior, even (...)
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  45.  38
    M. C. Spadoni: Reate. II. L’Antiquaria. Pp. 160. Pisa and Rome: Istituti Editoriali E Poligrafici Internazionali, 1998. Paper. ISBN: 88-8147-144-2. [REVIEW]M. H. Crawford - 2000 - The Classical Review 50 (1):346-347.
  46.  72
    Refining the Interest Theory of Rights.M. H. Kramer - 2010 - American Journal of Jurisprudence 55 (1):31-39.
  47.  13
    Der Liber de Arcubus Similibus des Ahmed Ibn Jusuf.Von H. L. L. Busard & P. S. van Koningsveld - 1973 - Annals of Science 30 (4):381-406.
    The text of the tract De arcubus similibus was published for the first time by M. Curtze in 1887. However, after examining some more Latin manuscripts and the Arabic MS Oxford, Bodleian Library, Marsh 663 it appeared, that Curtze's edition was rather an adaptation. Also Curtze's suggestion that Jordanus Nemorarius was the author was very probably wrong. The author of the tract was the Egyptian mathematician Ahmed ibn Jusuf as appears from the Latin manuscripts, and its translator, very probably, (...) of Cremona. In the tract Ahmed tried to prove, that the assertion ‘similar arcs are also equal arcs’ was wrong . His starting points were the propositions Euclid III, 20 and 21. Consequently, the tract can be looked upon as a commentary on the third book of the Elements. (shrink)
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  48.  21
    The Future of Psychopharmacological Enhancements: Expectations and Policies.M. H. N. Schermer, I. Bolt, R. De Jongh & B. Olivier - 2009 - Neuroethics 2 (2):75-87.
  49.  29
    M. Guarducci, S. Panciera : CIL: Supplementa Italica. Pp. 237. Rome: Edizioni Quasar, 1997. L. 70,000. ISBN: 88-7140-115-8. [REVIEW]M. H. Crawford - 2000 - The Classical Review 50 (2):637-637.
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  50.  31
    Topological Representations of Distributive Lattices and Brouwerian Logics.M. H. Stone - 1938 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 3 (2):90-91.
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