Results for 'Gina Maira Barbosa de Oliveira'

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  1.  30
    Guidelines for Dynamics‐Based Parameterization of One‐Dimensional Cellular Automata Rule Spaces.Gina Maira Barbosa de Oliveira, Pedro P. B. de Oliveira & Nizam Omar - 2000 - Complexity 6 (2):63-71.
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  2.  9
    On the Commodification of Science: The Programmatic Dimension.Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira - 2013 - Science & Education 22 (10):2463-2483.
  3.  11
    A avaliação neoliberal na universidade e a responsabilidade social dos pesquisadores.Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira - 2008 - Scientiae Studia 6 (3):379-387.
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  4.  57
    Formas de autonomia da ciência.Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira - 2011 - Scientiae Studia 9 (3):527-561.
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  5.  2
    Quantum Bayesian Decision-Making.Michael de Oliveira & Luis Soares Barbosa - forthcoming - Foundations of Science:1-21.
    As a compact representation of joint probability distributions over a dependence graph of random variables, and a tool for modelling and reasoning in the presence of uncertainty, Bayesian networks are of great importance for artificial intelligence to combine domain knowledge, capture causal relationships, or learn from incomplete datasets. Known as a NP-hard problem in a classical setting, Bayesian inference pops up as a class of algorithms worth to explore in a quantum framework. This paper explores such a research direction and (...)
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  6.  12
    O inovacionismo em questão.Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira - 2011 - Scientiae Studia 9 (3):669-675.
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  7.  14
    Hempel, Semmelweis e a verdadeira tragédia da febre puerperal.Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira & Brena Paula Magno Fernandez - 2007 - Scientiae Studia 5 (1):49-79.
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  8.  31
    A Solution To The Problem Of Radical Translation.Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira - 1987 - Trans/Form/Ação 9:9-13.
    This paper consists in an attempt to refute Quine's principle of the indeterminacy of radical translation. The structure of the argument is as follows. The demonstration of the principle in Quine's work rests on certain conception of the process of radical translation. This conception can be maintained only if certain presuppositions are made concerning the nature of language and its speakers. However, if those presuppositions are adopted, there is no reason for not accepting also other presuppositions, which would invalidate Quine's (...)
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  9.  29
    Cognitivism and cognitive science.Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira - 1990 - Trans/Form/Ação 13:85-93.
    The aim of the paper is to characterize a school of thought-cognitivism -and the discipline to which it gave rise. After a brief summary of the origins of cognitivism, the ontological and methodological principles which define it are described. The relationship that exists between computers and the functionalist idea of considering the mind as a system whose elements are characterized by their functions, and not by their material make-up is then presented. The paper concludes with a discussion about the nature (...)
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  10.  6
    Concepts and mental structure.Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira - 1991 - Trans/Form/Ação 14:73-91.
    The aim of the talk was to present a brief account of the history of investigations about concepts in the last decades, thereby contributing to the diffusion of cognitive science. The central episode in that history is the turning point that resultedfrom the researches carried out by Eleanor Rosch and others from the beginning of the 70's. Those researches constitute a challenge to the CLASSICAL VIEW OF CONCEPTS. The fact that the rejection of the classical view is not a viable (...)
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  11.  26
    Considerations on the neutrality of science.Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira - 2003 - Trans/Form/Ação 26 (1):161-172.
    The work consists in a discussion of the thesis of neutrality of science and technology, which takes as its starting point some formulations in the Parâmetros Curriculares Nacionais. Neutrality is analised into three components: imparciality, applied neutrality and cognitive neutrality. It is shown that imparciality must be maintained, to avoid falling into relativism, but applied neutrality cannot be sustained, neither as fact nor as value.O texto apresenta uma discussão da tese da neutralidade da ciência, tomando como ponto de partida algumas (...)
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  12.  25
    Logic and cognitive science: psychologism fights back.Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira - 1992 - Trans/Form/Ação 15:123-130.
    The aim of the paper is to present the historical context and the motivation of an investigation still in progress, together with a sketch of some of its results. It starts with a brief description of the nature and history of cognitive science. The relation of cognitive science to logic is then considered, from which consideration a conception of logic as a descriptive and mentalist discipline emerges. Such conception clashes with Frege's antipsychologism. The purpose of the investigation is to refute (...)
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  13.  26
    On the problem of demarcation.Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira - 1982 - Trans/Form/Ação 5:85-101.
    Since its publication, there has been no lack of attacks directed against the criterion of refutability - the solution proposed by Popper for his problem of demarcation. A more fundamental criticism is raised in the present paper: its target is the problem of demarcation itself. It is shown first that Popper's work contains not one, but two distinct and incompatible problems of demarcation. An analysis of Popper's anti-essentialism is the starting point for the demonstration of the main thesis of the (...)
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  14.  34
    Cognitivismo e ciência cognitiva.Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira - 1990 - Trans/Form/Ação 13:85-93.
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  15.  41
    Considerações sobre a neutralidade da ciência1.Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira - 2003 - Trans/Form/Ação 26 (1):161-172.
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  16. Estudo crftico.Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira - 2000 - Manuscrito 23:185.
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  17.  6
    Wittgenstein, Games and Family Resemblances.M. Barbosa de Oliveira - 1995 - Manuscrito: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 18 (2):227-244.
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  18.  90
    The Problem of Induction: A New Approach.Marcos Barbosa De Oliveira - 1985 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (2):129-145.
    The problem of induction is formulated as a set of three questions, namely: ‘What is the nature of the attitude of acceptance that we adopt in relation to certain theories?’ ‘What are the rules according to which we select those theories which we accept?’ and, ‘What is the justification for the adoption of those rules?’. An original answer is proposed for each question in turn, with the help of the new concepts of sub-theory, established sub-theory, aberrant, arbitrary and degenerate theories. (...)
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  19.  8
    Não Há Dente de Coelho No Problema da Tradução Radical.Oliveira Marcos Barbosa de - 1987 - Trans/Form/Ação 9:09-13.
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  20. A ciência e os valores dos movimentos populares.Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira - 2004 - Trans/Form/Ação 27 (1).
    Em primeiro lugar, apresenta-se uma visão geral das idéias de Lacey sobre a ciência em sua relação com os valores dos movimentos populares, e do Fórum Social Mundial. A seguir, num exercício de construção de pontes conceituais entre o discurso filosófico e o político sobre a ciência, desenvolve-se uma análise do pronunciamento do novo titular do Ministério da Ciência e Tecnologia do Brasil, feito por ocasião de sua posse.
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  21.  17
    Conceitos E Estrutura Mental.Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira - 1991 - Trans/Form/Ação 14:73-91.
    The aim of the talk was to present a brief account of the history of investigations about concepts in the last decades, thereby contributing to the diffusion of cognitive science. The central episode in that history is the turning point that resultedfrom the researches carried out by Eleanor Rosch and others from the beginning of the 70's. Those researches constitute a challenge to the CLASSICAL VIEW OF CONCEPTS . The fact that the rejection of the classical view is not a (...)
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  22.  46
    Considerações sobre a neutralidade da ciência.Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira - 2003 - Trans/Form/Ação 26 (1):161-172.
    O texto apresenta uma discussão da tese da neutralidade da ciência, tomando como ponto de partida algumas formulações dos Parâmetros Curriculares Nacionais. A neutralidade é analisada em três componentes: a imparcialidade, a neutralidade aplicada e a neutralidade cognitiva. Procura-se mostrar que, para não se cair no relativismo, a imparcialidade deve ser mantida, mas a neutralidade aplicada não se sustenta, nem como fato nem como valor.
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  23.  15
    Popper and the Oedipus Effect.Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira - 1999 - Trans/Form/Ação 21 (1):33-42.
    The theme of the paper is the phenomenon which Popper labelled `Oedipus effect', and its implications for the anlytical-positivist epistemology, especially for the Principle of the Unity of Science. As far as Popper is concerned, it is claimed that he was unsuccessful in his attempt to overcome the inconsistencies generated in his work by the acknowledgement of the possibility of the Oedipus effect in the human sciences.O tópico do trabalho é o fenômeno denominado por Popper "efeito Édipo", e suas implicações (...)
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  24.  37
    Popper e o "efeito Édipo".Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira - 1999 - Trans/Form/Ação 21 (1):33-42.
    O tópico do trabalho é o fenômeno denominado por Popper “efeito Édipo”, e suas implicações para a epistemologia analítico-positivista, em particular para o Princípio de Unidade da Ciência. Com referência a Popper, a tese defendida é a de que ele não teve sucesso na tentativa de resolver as inconsistências geradas em sua obra pelo reconhecimento da possibilidade do “efeito Édipo” nas ciências humanas.
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  25.  62
    Science and the Values of Popular Movements.Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira - 2004 - Trans/Form/Ação 27 (1):133-147.
    First an overall view is provided of Lacey’s ideas concerning science in its relation with the values of popular movements, and of the World Social Forum. Then, as an exercise in the building of conceptual bridges betweeen philosophical and political discourses about science, an analysis is provided of a speech delivered by Brazil’s new minister for science and technology in the occasion of his taking office.Em primeiro lugar, apresenta-se uma visão geral das idéias de Lacey sobre a ciência em sua (...)
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  26.  17
    The Epidemic of Misconduct in Science: The Collapse of the Moralizer Treatment.Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira - 2015 - Scientiae Studia 13 (4):867-897.
    RESUMO O tema do artigo é a proliferação de más condutas na ciência que vem ocorrendo nas últimas décadas, designada ao longo do texto pelo termo "a epidemia". As más condutas são violações de normas éticas da ciência, sendo os tipos mais importantes as várias modalidades de fraude, e de falsidades autorais. O artigo divide-se em seis seções. Na primeira, apresenta-se o tema e alguns esclarecimentos terminológicos. Na segunda, são expostas as evidências que corroboram a existência da epidemia. A terceira (...)
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  27.  8
    Hempel, Semmelweis and the True Tragedy of Puerperal Fever.Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira & Brena Paula Magno Fernandez - 2007 - Scientiae Studia 5 (1):49-79.
  28.  6
    Lógica e ciência cognitiva: o psicologismo contra-ataca.Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira - 1992 - Trans/Form/Ação 15:123-130.
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  29.  13
    Neutralidade da ciência, desencantamento do mundo e controle da natureza.Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira - 2008 - Scientiae Studia 6 (1):97-116.
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  30.  21
    Sobre o problema da demarcação.Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira - 1982 - Trans/Form/Ação 5:85-101.
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  31.  10
    Technology and Basic Science: The Linear Model of Innovation.Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira - 2014 - Scientiae Studia 12 (SPE):129-146.
    The concept of the "linear model of innovation" was introduced by authors belonging to the field of innovation studies in the middle of the 1980s. According to the model, there is a simple sequence of steps going from basic science to innovations - an innovation being defined as an invention that is profitable. In innovation studies, the LMI is held to be assumed in Science the endless frontier , the influential report prepared by Vannevar Bush in 1945. In this paper, (...)
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  32.  9
    A Randomised Controlled Trial of an Intervention to Improve Compliance with the ARRIVE Guidelines.Ezgi Tanriver-Ayder, Laura J. Gray, Sarah K. McCann, Ian M. Devonshire, Leigh O’Connor, Zeinab Ammar, Sarah Corke, Mahmoud Warda, Evandro Araújo De-Souza, Paolo Roncon, Edward Christopher, Ryan Cheyne, Daniel Baker, Emily Wheater, Marco Cascella, Savannah A. Lynn, Emmanuel Charbonney, Kamil Laban, Cilene Lino de Oliveira, Julija Baginskaite, Joanne Storey, David Ewart Henshall, Ahmed Nazzal, Privjyot Jheeta, Arianna Rinaldi, Teja Gregorc, Anthony Shek, Jennifer Freymann, Natasha A. Karp, Terence J. Quinn, Victor Jones, Kimberley Elaine Wever, Klara Zsofia Gerlei, Mona Hosh, Victoria Hohendorf, Monica Dingwall, Timm Konold, Katrina Blazek, Sarah Antar, Daniel-Cosmin Marcu, Alexandra Bannach-Brown, Paula Grill, Zsanett Bahor, Gillian L. Currie, Fala Cramond, Rosie Moreland, Chris Sena, Jing Liao, Michelle Dohm, Gina Alvino, Alejandra Clark, Gavin Morrison, Catriona MacCallum, Cadi Irvine, Philip Bath, David Howells, Malcolm R. Macleod, Kaitlyn Hair & Emily S. Sena - 2019 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 4 (1).
    BackgroundThe ARRIVE guidelines are widely endorsed but compliance is limited. We sought to determine whether journal-requested completion of an ARRIVE checklist improves full compliance with the guidelines.MethodsIn a randomised controlled trial, manuscripts reporting in vivo animal research submitted to PLOS ONE were randomly allocated to either requested completion of an ARRIVE checklist or current standard practice. Authors, academic editors, and peer reviewers were blinded to group allocation. Trained reviewers performed outcome adjudication in duplicate by assessing manuscripts against an operationalised version (...)
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  33.  9
    Review. [REVIEW]Maria Eunice Quilici Gonzales, João de Fernandes Teixeira & Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira - 1983 - Trans/Form/Ação 6:53-60.
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  34.  8
    Teleology.Maria Eunice Quilici Gonzales, João de Fernandes Teixeira & Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira - 1983 - Trans/Form/Ação 6:53-60.
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  35.  13
    Productivity of CNPq Researchers From Different Fields in Biomedical Sciences: The Need for Objective Bibliometric Parameters—A Report From Brazil.Jean Paul Kamdem, Daniel Henrique Roos, Adekunle Adeniran Sanmi, Luciana Calabró, Amos Olalekan Abolaji, Cláudia Sirlene de Oliveira, Luiz Marivando Barros, Antonia Eliene Duarte, Nilda Vargas Barbosa, Diogo Onofre Souza & João Batista Teixeira Rocha - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (4):1037-1055.
    In Brazil, the CNPq provides grants, funds and fellowships to productive scientists to support their investigations. They are ranked and categorized into four hierarchical levels ranging from PQ 1A to PQ 1D. Few studies, however, report and analyse scientific productivity in different sub-fields of Biomedical Sciences, e.g., Biochemistry, Pharmacology, Biophysics and Physiology. In fact, systematic comparisons of productivity among the PQ 1 categories within the above sub-fields are lacking in the literature. Here, the scientific productivity of 323 investigators receiving PQ (...)
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  36. Estudo crítico.A. Epistemologia Engajada de Hugh Lacey & Ii Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira - 2000 - Manuscrito 23:185.
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  37.  10
    Autoria E Responsabilidade Enunciativa Em Diários de Leitura.Kalliane Sibelli de Amorim Oliveira, Maria Eliete de Queiroz & Maria do Socorro M. Fernandes Barbosa - 2017 - Bakhtiniana 12 (1):150-168.
    RESUMO Neste artigo, estabelece-se uma relação entre o conceito de autoria trabalhado por Bakhtin e Possenti e o de responsabilidade enunciativa, proposto por Adam. Para aqueles, a inserção de vozes alheias e o distanciamento em relação à linguagem são aspectos característicos de um texto autoral; para este, a responsabilidade enunciativa é uma dimensão constitutiva do enunciado e se relaciona ao agenciamento de vozes e ao uso de marcadores de pontos de vista. Partindo dessa discussão, analisam-se diários de leitura de estudantes (...)
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  38.  29
    [Recensão a] Diogo morais Barbosa, natura sempre in se curva. A vinculação a si E a possibilidade de desvinculação segundo duns escoto.Paula Oliveira E. Silva - 2012 - Revista Filosófica de Coimbra 21 (42):659-663.
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  39. Os conteúdos de sociologia nos vestibulares E no enem: Uma discussão sobre conhecimento prévio.Thiago Oliveira Lima Matiolli & Alexandre Barbosa Fraga - 2014 - Saberes Em Perspectiva 4 (8):183-200.
    Em trabalhos anteriores, analisamos as formas pelas quais a sociologia vem sendo cobrada nos vestibulares de algumas universidades em diferentes regiões brasileiras e no ENEM. Além do entendimento de que formas são essas, uma das conclusões a que chegamos foi a de que, no ENEM, dificilmente há o acionamento de conhecimento sociológico prévio para a resolução da prova. Entendemos que, por mais que a cobrança na redação e de modo interdisciplinar traga algum reconhecimento ao saber sociológico, a construção de questões (...)
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  40. Laboratórios de pesquisa E prática pedagógica: A experiência do curso de licenciaturas em ciências sociais.José Marciano Monteiro, Paulo Cesar Oliveira Diniz Cezar Oliveira Diniz & Valdonilson Barbosa dos Santos - 2014 - Saberes Em Perspectiva 4 (8):74-91.
    A presente proposta tem por objetivo refletir sobre a experiência didático­ pedagógica dos Laboratórios de Pesquisa e Prática de Ensino em Ciências Sociais – LAPPCS, componente curricular necessário à formação de professores de sociologia para o ensino médio, do Curso de Licenciatura em Ciências Sociais, do Centro de Desenvolvimento Sustentável do Semiárido – CDSA/UFCG. Os LAPPCS podem ser caracterizados como espaços de análise crítico­reflexivo das escolas de Ensino Médio, predominantemente, em suas dimensões organizacional, pedagógica e cultural, nos quais se analisa (...)
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  41.  2
    Herança Fascista: O Integralismo No Tempo Presente.Pedro Carvalho Oliveira - 2016 - Diálogos (Maringa) 20 (3):201.
    Resenha do livro "Chauvinismo e extrema-direita: Crítica aos herdeiros do sigma", de Jefferson Rodrigues Barbosa.
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  42.  30
    Thomas Kuhn, the Image of Science and the Image of Art: The First Manuscript of Structure.J. C. Pinto de Oliveira - 2017 - Perspectives on Science 25 (6):746-765.
    Thomas Kuhn's philosophy of science, which he developed by focusing on physics, was later applied by other authors to virtually all areas or disciplines of culture. What interests me here, however, is the movement in the opposite direction: the role that one of these disciplines, history of art, played in the conception of Kuhn'stheoryof science.In a 1969 article, his only published text concerning science and art, Kuhn makes a brief and intriguing observation about The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. He says (...)
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  43.  67
    Kuhn and the Genesis of the “New Historiography of Science”.J. C. Pinto de Oliveira - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (1):115-121.
    In this paper I identify a tension between the two sets of works by Kuhn regarding the genesis of the “new historiography” of science. In the first, it could be said that the change from the traditional to the new historiography is strictly endogenous. In the second, the change is predominantly exogenous. To address this question, I draw on a text that is considered to be less important among Kuhn’s works, but which, as shall be argued, allows some contact between (...)
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  44.  18
    Roles of Technical Reasoning, Theory of Mind, Creativity, and Fluid Cognition in Cumulative Technological Culture.Emmanuel De Oliveira, Emanuelle Reynaud & François Osiurak - 2019 - Human Nature 30 (3):326-340.
    Cumulative technological culture can be defined as the progressive diversification, complexification, and enhancement of technological traits through generations. An outstanding issue is to specify the cognitive bases of this phenomenon. Based on the literature, we identified four potential cognitive factors: namely, theory-of-mind, technical-reasoning, creativity, and fluid-cognitive skills. The goal of the present study was to test which of these factors—or a combination thereof—best predicted the cumulative performance in two experimental, micro-society conditions differing in the nature of the interaction allowed between (...)
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  45.  21
    Emotion and Social Cognition: Lessons From Contemporary Human Neuroanatomy.Ricardo de Oliveira-Souza, Jorge Moll & Jordan Grafman - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (3):310-312.
    Two paradigms have guided emotion research over the past decades. The dual-system view embraces the long-held Western belief, espoused most prominently by decision-making and social cognition researchers, that emotion and reason are often at odds. The integrative view, which asserts that emotion and cognition work synergistically, has been less explored experimentally. However, the integrative view (a) may help explain several findings that are not easily accounted for by the dual-system approach, and (b) is better supported by a growing body of (...)
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  46.  33
    Representationalism is a Dead End.Guilherme Sanches de Oliveira - 2018 - Synthese 198 (1):209-235.
    Representationalism—the view that scientific modeling is best understood in representational terms—is the received view in contemporary philosophy of science. Contributions to this literature have focused on a number of puzzles concerning the nature of representation and the epistemic role of misrepresentation, without considering whether these puzzles are the product of an inadequate analytical framework. The goal of this paper is to suggest that this possibility should be taken seriously. The argument has two parts, employing the “can’t have” and “don’t need” (...)
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  47.  4
    Kuhn, Condorcet, and Comte: On the Justification of the “Old” Historiography of Science.J. C. Pinto de Oliveira - 2020 - Perspectives on Science 28 (3):375-397.
    Despite the importance of the “historiographical revolution” in Kuhn’s work, he did not carry out a specific study about it. Without a systematic investigation into it, he even affirms that the “old” historiography of science is unhistorical, suggesting its summary disqualification in the face of his “new historiography” of science. My wider project, of which this paper is a part, is to better discuss the issue of the justification of the NHS. In this paper, I discuss the justification of the (...)
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  48. Patterns in Cognitive Phenomena and Pluralism of Explanatory Styles.Angela Potochnik & Guilherme Sanches de Oliveira - 2019 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (4):1306-1320.
    Debate about cognitive science explanations has been formulated in terms of identifying the proper level(s) of explanation. Views range from reductionist, favoring only neuroscience explanations, to mechanist, favoring the integration of multiple levels, to pluralist, favoring the preservation of even the most general, high-level explanations, such as those provided by embodied or dynamical approaches. In this paper, we challenge this framing. We suggest that these are not different levels of explanation at all but, rather, different styles of explanation that capture (...)
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  49.  26
    An Adaptive Toolbox Approach to the Route to Expertise in Sport.Rita F. de Oliveira, Babett H. Lobinger & Markus Raab - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  50.  74
    Carnap, Kuhn, and Revisionism: On the Publication of Structure in Encyclopedia. [REVIEW]J. C. Pinto de Oliveira - 2007 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 38 (1):147-157.
    In recent years, a revisionist process focused on logical positivism can be observed, particularly regarding Carnap’s work. In this paper, I argue against the interpretation that Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions having been published in the International Encyclopedia of Unified Science, co-edited by Carnap, is evidence of the revisionist idea that Carnap “would have found Structure philosophically congenial”. I claim that Kuhn’s book, from Carnap’s point of view, is not in philosophy of science but rather in history of science (...)
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