Results for 'J. J. Paris'

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  1.  92
    A survey of some recent results on Spectrum Exchangeability in Polyadic Inductive Logic.J. Landes, J. B. Paris & A. Vencovská - 2011 - Synthese 181 (S1):19 - 47.
    We give a unified account of some results in the development of Polyadic Inductive Logic in the last decade with particular reference to the Principle of Spectrum Exchangeability, its consequences for Instantial Relevance, Language Invariance and Johnson's Sufficientness Principle, and the corresponding de Finetti style representation theorems.
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  2.  58
    On the scheme of induction for bounded arithmetic formulas.A. J. Wilkie & J. B. Paris - 1987 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 35 (C):261-302.
  3.  26
    From the Johns Hopkins Baby to Baby Miller: What Have We Learned from Four Decades of Reflection on Neonatal Cases?J. J. Paris, J. Ferranti & F. Reardon - 2001 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 12 (3):207-214.
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  4.  34
    "Playing God" and the Removal of Life-Prolonging Therapy.J. J. Paris & M. Poorman - 1995 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (4):403-418.
    “Playing God” is the charge frequently leveled when physicians and patients agree to withdraw life-sustaining medical treatments and let the patient die. The accusation rings hollow in the context of four hundred years of moral reflection on the duty of an individual to undergo medical treatments to preserve life. From the teachings of Soto and Banez in the 16th century through the President's, Commission 1983 report ‘deciding to forego life-sustaining treatments’ there is a clear and constant teaching that though life (...)
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  5.  54
    A Continuum of Inductive Methods Arising from a Generalized Principle of Instantial Relevance.C. J. Nix & J. B. Paris - 2006 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 35 (1):83-115.
    In this paper we consider a natural generalization of the Principle of Instantial Relevance and give a complete characterization of the probabilistic belief functions satisfying this principle as a family of discrete probability functions parameterized by a single real δ ∊ [0, 1).
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  6.  88
    Some observations on induction in predicate probabilistic reasoning.M. J. Hill, J. B. Paris & G. M. Wilmers - 2002 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 31 (1):43-75.
    We consider the desirability, or otherwise, of various forms of induction in the light of certain principles and inductive methods within predicate uncertain reasoning. Our general conclusion is that there remain conflicts within the area whose resolution will require a deeper understanding of the fundamental relationship between individuals and properties.
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  7.  72
    A Note on Binary Inductive Logic.C. J. Nix & J. B. Paris - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 36 (6):735-771.
    We consider the problem of induction over languages containing binary relations and outline a way of interpreting and constructing a class of probability functions on the sentences of such a language. Some principles of inductive reasoning satisfied by these probability functions are discussed, leading in turn to a representation theorem for a more general class of probability functions satisfying these principles.
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  8. Death in the Clinic.David Barnard, Celia Berdes, James L. Bernat, Linda Emanuel, Robert Fogerty, Linda Ganzini, Elizabeth R. Goy, David J. Mayo, John Paris, Michael D. Schreiber, J. David Velleman & Mark R. Wicclair - 2005 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Death in the Clinic fills a gap in contemporary medical education by explicitly addressing the concrete clinical realities about death with which practitioners, patients, and their families continue to wrestle. Visit our website for sample chapters!
     
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  9.  44
    The uncertain reasoner's companion: a mathematical perspective.J. B. Paris - 1994 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Reasoning under uncertainty, that is, making judgements with only partial knowledge, is a major theme in artificial intelligence. Professor Paris provides here an introduction to the mathematical foundations of the subject. It is suited for readers with some knowledge of undergraduate mathematics but is otherwise self-contained, collecting together the key results on the subject, and formalising within a unified framework the main contemporary approaches and assumptions. The author has concentrated on giving clear mathematical formulations, analyses, justifications and consequences of (...)
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  10.  33
    Provability of the pigeonhole principle and the existence of infinitely many primes.J. B. Paris, A. J. Wilkie & A. R. Woods - 1988 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 53 (4):1235-1244.
  11.  19
    In defense of the maximum entropy inference process.J. Paris & A. Vencovská - 1997 - International Journal of Approximate Reasoning 17 (1):77-103.
    This paper is a sequel to an earlier result of the authors that in making inferences from certain probabilistic knowledge bases the maximum entropy inference process, ME, is the only inference process respecting “common sense.” This result was criticized on the grounds that the probabilistic knowledge bases considered are unnatural and that ignorance of dependence should not be identified with statistical independence. We argue against these criticisms and also against the more general criticism that ME is representation dependent. In a (...)
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  12.  41
    “Brain Death,” “Dead,” and Parental Denial.John J. Paris, Brian M. Cummings & M. Patrick Moore - 2014 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 23 (4):371-382.
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  13.  56
    O is not enough.J. B. Paris & R. Simmonds - 2009 - Review of Symbolic Logic 2 (2):298-309.
    We examine the closure conditions of the probabilistic consequence relation of Hawthorne and Makinson, specifically the outstanding question of completeness in terms of Horn rules, of their proposed (finite) set of rules O. We show that on the contrary no such finite set of Horn rules exists, though we are able to specify an infinite set which is complete.
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  14.  55
    Atom Exchangeability and Instantial Relevance.J. B. Paris & P. Waterhouse - 2009 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 38 (3):313-332.
    We give an account of some relationships between the principles of Constant and Atom Exchangeability and various generalizations of the Principle of Instantial Relevance within the framework of Inductive Logic. In particular we demonstrate some surprising and somewhat counterintuitive dependencies of these relationships on ostensibly unimportant parameters, such as the number of predicates in the overlying language.
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  15.  35
    Approaches to parental demand for non-established medical treatment: reflections on the Charlie Gard case.John J. Paris, Brian M. Cummings, Michael P. Moreland & Jason N. Batten - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (7):443-447.
    The opinion of Mr. Justice Francis of the English High Court which denied the parents of Charlie Gard, who had been born with an extremely rare mutation of a genetic disease, the right to take their child to the United States for a proposed experimental treatment occasioned world wide attention including that of the Pope, President Trump, and the US Congress. The case raise anew a debate as old as the foundation of Western medicine on who should decide and on (...)
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  16.  21
    A Hierarchy of Cuts in Models of Arithmetic.J. B. Paris, L. Pacholski, J. Wierzejewski, A. J. Wilkie, George Mills & Jussi Ketonen - 1986 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (4):1062-1066.
  17.  29
    “Brain Death,” “Dead,” and Parental Denial-The Case of Jahi McMath—ERRATUM.John J. Paris, Brian M. Cummings & M. Patrick Moore - 2014 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 23 (4):481-481.
  18.  36
    Autonomy Does Not Confer Sovereignty on the Patient: A Commentary on the Golubchuk Case.John J. Paris - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (3):54-56.
  19.  39
    A Note on Priest's Finite Inconsistent Arithmetics.J. B. Paris & N. Pathmanathan - 2006 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 35 (5):529-537.
    We give a complete characterization of Priest's Finite Inconsistent Arithmetics observing that his original putative characterization included arithmetics which cannot in fact be realized.
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  20.  40
    On LP -models of arithmetic.J. B. Paris & A. Sirokofskich - 2008 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 73 (1):212-226.
    We answer some problems set by Priest in [11] and [12], in particular refuting Priest's Conjecture that all LP-models of Th(N) essentially arise via congruence relations on classical models of Th(N). We also show that the analogue of Priest's Conjecture for I δ₀ + Exp implies the existence of truth definitions for intervals [0,a] ⊂ₑ M ⊨ I δ₀ + Exp in any cut [0,a] ⊂e K ⊆ M closed under successor and multiplication.
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  21.  32
    A note on the undefinability of cuts.J. B. Paris & C. Dimitracopoulos - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (3):564-569.
  22.  79
    Some independence results for peano arithmetic.J. B. Paris - 1978 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 43 (4):725-731.
  23.  10
    Common sense and stochastic independence.J. B. Paris & A. Vencovská - 2001 - In David Corfield & Jon Williamson (eds.), Foundations of Bayesianism. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 203--240.
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  24.  48
    Physician Refusal of Requests for Futile or Ineffective Interventions.John J. Paris & Frank E. Reardon - 1992 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 1 (2):127.
    Several recent articles raise an issue long unaddressed in the medical literature: physician compliance with patient or family requests for futile or ineffectice therapy. Although they agree philosophically that such treatment ought not be given, most physicians have followed the course described by Stanley Fiel, in which a young patient dying of cystic fibrosis was accepted “for evaluation” by a transplant center even though he has already passed the threshold of viability as a candidate for a heart-lung transplant. Dr. Fiel (...)
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  25.  16
    Improving Fairness in Coverage Decisions: Insights from the Harvard Community Health Plan's LORAN Commission Report.John J. Paris - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):103-104.
    As the only nation in the western world without a national health insurance program, the United States faces ongoing issues of access and fairness in health care coverage. The Clinton administration tried and failed to address the problem of universal coverage. Since then we have focused on the narrower, but nonetheless real, issues of fairness and equity in the benefits package provided in insurance plans. The LORAN Commission spent two years trying to devise agreed-upon principles to govern such issues. The (...)
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  26.  30
    Proof systems for probabilistic uncertain reasoning.J. Paris & A. Vencovská - 1998 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 63 (3):1007-1039.
    The paper describes and proves completeness theorems for a series of proof systems formalizing common sense reasoning about uncertain knowledge in the case where this consists of sets of linear constraints on a probability function.
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  27.  16
    O is Not Enough.J. B. Paris - 2009 - Review of Symbolic Logic 2 (2):298.
    We examine the closure conditions of the probabilistic consequence relation of Hawthorne and Makinson, specifically the outstanding question of completeness in terms of Horn rules, of their proposed (finite) set of rules O. We show that on the contrary no such finite set of Horn rules exists, though we are able to specify an infinite set which is complete.
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  28.  37
    Has the Emphasis on Autonomy Gone Too Far? Insights from Dostoevsky on Parental Decisionmaking in the NICU.John J. Paris, Neil Graham, Michael D. Schreiber & Michele Goodwin - 2006 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (2):147-151.
    In a recent essay, George Annas, the legal columnist for The New England Journal of Medicine, observed that the resuscitation of extremely premature infants, even over parental objection, is not problematic because “once the child's medical status has been determined, the parents have the legal authority to make all subsequent decisions.” Annas himself is quick to concede that treatment in a high-technology neonatal intensive care unit frequently takes on a life of its own. He also acknowledges that although bioethicists and (...)
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  29.  50
    Combining Analogical Support in Pure Inductive Logic.J. B. Paris & A. Vencovská - 2016 - Erkenntnis (2):01-19.
    We investigate the relative probabilistic support afforded by the combination of two analogies based on possibly different, structural similarity (as opposed to e.g. shared predicates) within the context of Pure Inductive Logic and under the assumption of Language Invariance. We show that whilst repeated analogies grounded on the same structural similarity only strengthen the probabilistic support this need not be the case when combining analogies based on different structural similarities. That is, two analogies may provide less support than each would (...)
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  30.  70
    Standards, norms, and guidelines for permissible withdrawal of life support from seriously compromised newborns.John J. Paris - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (2):33 - 34.
    (2011). Standards, Norms, and Guidelines for Permissible Withdrawal of Life Support From Seriously Compromised Newborns. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 33-34.
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  31.  48
    J. I. Friedman. Proper classes as members of extended sets. Mathematische Annalen, vol. 83 , pp. 232–240.J. B. Paris - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (3):462.
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  32.  19
    “Futility” Is a Failed Concept in Medical Decision Making: Its Use Should Be Abandoned.John J. Paris & Andrew Hawkins - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (7):50-52.
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  33.  39
    Six Problems in Pure Inductive Logic.J. B. Paris & A. Vencovská - 2019 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 48 (4):731-747.
    We present six significant open problems in Pure Inductive Logic, together with their background and current status, with the intention of raising awareness and leading ultimately to their resolution.
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  34.  17
    The emergence of reasons conjecture.J. B. Paris & A. Vencovská - 2003 - Journal of Applied Logic 1 (3-4):167-195.
  35. What You See Is What You Get.J. Paris - 2014 - Entropy 16 (11):6186–6194.
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  36.  21
    A Road Oft Traveled: Stumbling Into Clinical Ethics.John J. Paris - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (6):49-50.
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  37.  27
    Longshot, Fantasy, and Pipedreams.John J. Paris & Brian M. Cummings - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (1):19-21.
    The children were nestled all snug in their beds.While visions of sugar-plums danced in their heads.Clement Moore's cherished ‘Twas the Night Before Christmas captures the hopes, dreams and visions...
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  38.  66
    Symmetry’s End?J. Paris & A. Vencovská - 2011 - Erkenntnis 74 (1):53-67.
    We examine the idea that similar problems should have similar solutions (to paraphrase van Fraassen’s slogan ‘Problems which are essentially the same must receive essentially the same solution’, see van Fraassen in Laws and symmetry, Oxford Univesity Press, Oxford, 1989, p. 236) in the context of symmetries of sentence algebras within Inductive Logic and conclude that by itself this is too generous a notion upon which to found the rational assignment of probabilities. We also argue that within our formulation of (...)
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  39.  22
    The Resuscitation of “Slow Codes”: Fraud, Lies, and Deception.John J. Paris & Michael Patrick Moore - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (11):13-14.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 11, Page 13-14, November 2011.
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  40.  11
    When Burdens of Feeding Outweigh Benefits.John J. Paris - 1986 - Hastings Center Report 16 (1):30-32.
  41. Ancient Indian Logic and Analogy.J. B. Paris & A. Vencovska - 2017 - In S. Ghosh & S. Prasad (eds.), Logic and its Applications, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 10119. Springer. pp. 198-210.
    B.K.Matilal, and earlier J.F.Staal, have suggested a reading of the `Nyaya five limb schema' (also sometimes referred to as the Indian Schema or Hindu Syllogism) from Gotama's Nyaya-Sutra in terms of a binary occurrence relation. In this paper we provide a rational justification of a version of this reading as Analogical Reasoning within the framework of Polyadic Pure Inductive Logic.
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  42.  18
    Overriding Patient Autonomy to Enhance It: Not the Role of a Consultation Team.John J. Paris, Robert L. Fogerty, Brian M. Cummings & M. Patrick Moore Jr - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (8):11-13.
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  43.  28
    Harmless Error and Other Forays into Bioethics.John J. Paris - 2002 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (4):353-358.
    How does a self-described “simple teacher of religion” at the College of the Holy Cross get involved in bioethics? Nothing in my training or experience had prepared me for involvement in medicine. Much like that of my moral theology professor and then mentor, Richard McCormick, my training was in moral theology and social ethics. I also had an abiding interest in the courts and constitutional law. That interest led to a doctoral dissertation at the University of Southern California's Program in (...)
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  44.  54
    Managed Care, Cost Control, and the Common Good.John J. Paris & Stephen G. Post - 2000 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9 (2):182-188.
    The Clinton administration's revised rules regulating but not prohibiting the common practice in managed care of linking physician compensation with cost cutting and control of services demonstrates the complexity of ethical issues in managed care. As originally proposed, the federal guidelines on payment for Medicare and Medicaid services would have precluded any interrelationship between payment to physicians and delivery of services. Such a restriction would have gutted the primary mechanism in managed care plans to curb the unacceptably high cost of (...)
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  45.  44
    Pipes, Colanders, and Leaky Buckets: Reflections on the Futility Debate.John J. Paris - 1993 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 2 (2):147.
    The issue of physician refusal of requested treatment has fueled a two-pronged debate in our society-one on the meaning of futility and the other on the limits of patient autonomy. The latter is a genuinely philosophic dispute; the former, it seems, is a modern relapse into nominalism.It is not the meaning of a word, but the moral basis for the actions of the par-ticipants that should be the focus of our attention, Yet the medical literature distracts us with articles titled (...)
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  46. An observation on Carnapʼs Continuum and stochastic independencies.J. B. Paris - 2013 - Journal of Applied Logic 11 (4):421-429.
    We characterize those identities and independencies which hold for all probability functions on a unary language satisfying the Principle of Atom Exchangeability. We then show that if this is strengthen to the requirement that Johnson's Sufficientness Principle holds, thus giving Carnap's Continuum of inductive methods for languages with at least two predicates, then new and somewhat inexplicable identities and independencies emerge, the latter even in the case of Carnap's Continuum for the language with just a single predicate.
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  47. $ZF \vdash \sum^0_4$ determinateness.J. B. Paris - 1972 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 37 (4):661 - 667.
  48.  11
    Ethics Consults in Pediatrics and Neonatology Are More Varied and Complex Than Those Reported at St. Jude's Children's Research Hospital.John J. Paris & Andrew Hawkins - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (5):29-30.
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  49.  19
    The Uncertain Reasoner’s Companion. [REVIEW]J. B. Paris - 1997 - Erkenntnis 46 (3):397-400.
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  50.  15
    A Catholic Perspective on COVID-19.John J. Paris & Brian M. Cummings - 2024 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 33 (2):285-289.
    It took nearly two thousand years for society to recognize the Hippocratic insistence that “the doctor knows best”1 was an inadequate approach to medical decisionmaking. Today, patient-centered medicine has come to understand that the individual patient has a significant role in the decisionmaking process.2.
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