Results for 'Nicole Dawson'

998 found
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  1.  53
    Locke, Language, and Early-Modern Philosophy.Hannah Dawson - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    In a powerful and original contribution to the history of ideas, Hannah Dawson explores the intense preoccupation with language in early-modern philosophy, and presents a groundbreaking analysis of John Locke's critique of words. By examining a broad sweep of pedagogical and philosophical material from antiquity to the late seventeenth century, Dr Dawson explains why language caused anxiety in writers such as Montaigne, Bacon, Descartes, Hobbes, Gassendi, Nicole, Pufendorf, Boyle, Malebranche and Locke. Locke, Language and Early-Modern Philosophy demonstrates (...)
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  2. John Locke as Translator Three of the Essais of Pierre Nicole in French and English.Pierre Nicole & Jean S. Yolton - 2000
     
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  3.  36
    Dawson's View of the Contemporary Political Crisis.Christopher Dawson - 1999 - The Chesterton Review 25 (1/2):181-183.
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  4.  35
    Christopher Dawson's View of Modern Capitalism.Christopher Dawson - 1997 - The Chesterton Review 23 (4):529-531.
  5.  13
    A Model for Deontic Logic.On Dawson-Models for Deontic Logic.P. T. Geach, E. E. Dawson & Lennart Aqvist - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (4):666.
  6.  20
    Melanges Nicole.Jules Nicole - 1906 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 26:181.
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  7. La Logique Ou L’Art de Penser.Antoine Arnauld & Pierre Nicole - 1993 - Vrin.
    Son habituelle dénomination de Logique de Port-Royal, cet Art de Penser d’Antoine Arnauld et Pierre Nicole la mérite tout à fait, et cela en dépit d’un usage et d’un impact dépassant largement et profondément les limites jansénistes.Les deux auteurs, oeuvrant au sein d’un milieu où la théologie et la spiritualité comptaient plus que la philosophie proprement dite, voulaient, pour ainsi dire, enseigner cette dernière, même après la fermeture des « Petites Écoles » de Port-Royal, à leur « parti », (...)
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  8. Public Health Ethics: Key Concepts and Issues in Policy and Practice.Angus Dawson (ed.) - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: Preface; Introduction Angus Dawson; Part I. Concepts: 1. Resetting the parameters: public health as the foundation for public health ethics Angus Dawson; 2. Health, disease and the goal of public health Bengt Brülde; 3. Selective reproduction, eugenics and public health Stephen Wilkinson; 4. Risk and precaution Stephen John; Part II. Issues: 5. Smoking, health and ethics Richard Ashcroft; 6. Infectious disease control Marcel Verweij; 7. Population screening Ainsley Newson; 8. Vaccination ethics Angus Dawson; (...)
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  9.  55
    IVF Technology and the Argument From Potential.Peter Singer & Karen Dawson - 1988 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 17 (2):87-104.
    Singer and Dawson point out that two arguments against abortion, that the embryo is entitled to protection because from fertilization it is (1) a human being or (2) a potential human being, are also used by opponents of embryo experimentation. They focus on the second argument, evaluating the notion of potentiality as it applies to gametes, to the unimplanted embryo, to the implanted developing embryo, and to the embryo created by in vitro fertilization (IVF). They argue that there is (...)
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  10. On the Subsymbolic Nature of a PDP Architecture That Uses a Nonmonotonic Activation Function.Michael R. W. Dawson & C. Darren Piercey - 2001 - Minds and Machines 11 (2):197-218.
    PDP networks that use nonmonotonic activation functions often produce hidden unit regularities that permit the internal structure of these networks to be interpreted (Berkeley et al., 1995; McCaughan, 1997; Dawson, 1998). In particular, when the responses of hidden units to a set of patterns are graphed using jittered density plots, these plots organize themselves into a set of discrete stripes or bands. In some cases, each band is associated with a local interpretation. On the basis of these observations, Berkeley (...)
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  11.  27
    Editorial: Political Philosophy and Public Health Ethics.A. Dawson - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (2):121-122.
    The papers in this issue of Public Health Ethics arise from a workshop on the role of political philosophy in public health ethics, held at Manchester Metropolitan University in September 2008.1 Part of the reason for exploring the role of political philosophy in relation to public health (and public health ethics) is the thought that the political is ineliminably social: it is about how we live together. Exactly what public health is and what it ought to be is contested, but (...)
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  12. Dynamics of World History.Christopher Dawson - 2002 - Isi Books.
    Machine generated contents note: PART ONE: TOWARD A SOCIOLOGY OF HISTORY -- SECTION I: THE SOCIOLOGICAL -- FOUNDATIONS OF HISTORY -- I. The Sources of Culture Change -- 2. Sociology as a Science -- 3. Sociology and the Theory of Progress -- 4. Civilization and Morals -- 5. Progress and Decay in Ancient and Modern Civilization -- 6. Art and Society -- 7. Vitality or Standardization in Culture -- 8. Cultural Polarity and Religious Schism -- 9. Prevision in Religion -- (...)
     
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  13.  68
    The Future of Bioethics: Three Dogmas and a Cup of Hemlock.Angus Dawson - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (5):218-225.
    In this paper I argue that bioethics is in crisis and that it will not have a future unless it begins to embrace a more Socratic approach to its leading assumptions. The absence of a critical and sceptical spirit has resulted in little more than a dominant ideology. I focus on three key issues. First, that too often bioethics collapses into medical ethics. Second, that medical ethics itself is beset by a lack of self-reflection that I characterize here as a (...)
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  14. Solidarity: A Moral Concept in Need of Clarification (Editorial).A. Dawson & M. Verweij - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (1):1--5.
  15. Ethics, Prevention, and Public Health.Angus Dawson & Marcel Verweij (eds.) - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    In these twelve papers notable ethicists use the resources of ethical theory to illuminate important theoretical and practical topics, including the nature of public health, notions of community, population bioethics, the legitimate role of law, the use of cost-effectiveness as a methodology, vaccinations, and the nature of infectious disease.
     
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  16.  87
    Ethical Differences Between Men and Women in the Sales Profession.Leslie M. Dawson - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (11):1143-1152.
    This research addresses the question of whether men and women in sales differ in their ethical attitudes and decision making. The study asked 209 subjects to respond to 20 ethical scenarios, half of which were "relational" and half "non-relational." The study concludes (1) that there are significant ethical differences between the sexes in situations that involve relational issues, but not in non-relational situations, and (2) that gender-based ethical differences change with age and years of experience. The implications of these finding (...)
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  17.  40
    Personal Religiousness and Ethical Judgements: An Empirical Analysis. [REVIEW]James W. Clark & Lyndon E. Dawson - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (3):359 - 372.
    It has been acknowledged on numerous occasions that personal religiousness is a potential source of ethical norms, and consequently, an influence in ethical evaluations. An extensive literature review provides little in the way of empirical investigation of this recognized affect. This investigation conceptualizes religiousness as a motivation for ethical action, and discovers significant differences in ethical judgements among respondents categorized by personal religious motivation. Suggestions as to the source of these differences, and the implications which they offer to managers are (...)
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  18.  16
    Virtues, Managers and Business People: Finding a Place for MacIntyre in a Business Context. [REVIEW]David Dawson & Craig Bartholomew - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 48 (2):127 - 138.
    Critics point to four issues as presenting barriers to the use of virtue in the context of business. They focus on the relationship between management and practice, the potential for virtuous behaviour in a competitive environment, the ability to develop a reflexive critique of management that can be acted on, and the differentiation between work and wider social roles and people's propensity to take responsibility for them. In this paper we propose a solution to criticisms levelled at the use of (...)
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  19.  22
    The Steward of the Millian State.Angus Dawson & Marcel Verweij - 2008 - Public Health Ethics 1 (3):193-195.
  20.  13
    Autonomous Processing in Parallel Distributed Processing Networks.Michael R. W. Dawson & D. P. Schopflocher - 1992 - Philosophical Psychology 5 (2):199-219.
    This paper critically examines the claim that parallel distributed processing (PDP) networks are autonomous learning systems. A PDP model of a simple distributed associative memory is considered. It is shown that the 'generic' PDP architecture cannot implement the computations required by this memory system without the aid of external control. In other words, the model is not autonomous. Two specific problems are highlighted: (i) simultaneous learning and recall are not permitted to occur as would be required of an autonomous system; (...)
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  21.  32
    Public Health Ethics: A Manifesto.Angus Dawson & Marcel Verweij - 2008 - Public Health Ethics 1 (1):1--2.
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  22.  12
    In Defence of Moral Imperialism: Four Equal and Universal Prima Facie Principles.A. Dawson - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (4):200-204.
    Raanan Gillon is a noted defender of the four principles approach to healthcare ethics. His general position has always been that these principles are to be considered to be both universal and prima facie in nature. In recent work, however, he has made two claims that seem to present difficulties for this view. His first claim is that one of these four principles, respect for autonomy, has a special position in relation to the others: he holds that it is first (...)
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  23.  50
    Public Health Research Ethics: A Research Agenda.Marcel Verweij & Angus Dawson - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (1):1-6.
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  24.  6
    Contesting the Science/Ethics Distinction in the Review of Clinical Research.A. J. Dawson & S. M. Yentis - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (3):165-167.
    Recent policy in relation to clinical research proposals in the UK has distinguished between two types of review: scientific and ethical. This distinction has been formally enshrined in the recent changes to research ethics committee structure and operating procedures, introduced as the UK response to the EU Directive on clinical trials. Recent reviews and recommendations have confirmed the place of the distinction and the separate review processes. However, serious reservations can be mounted about the science/ethics distinction and the policy of (...)
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  25.  23
    The Determination of the Best Interests in Relation to Childhood Immunisation.Angus Dawson - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (1):72-89.
    ABSTRACTThere are many different ethical arguments that might be advanced for and against childhood vaccinations. In this paper I explore one particular argument that focuses on the idea that such vaccinations are justifiable because they are held to be in the best interests of a particular child. Two issues arise from this idea. The first issue is how best interests are to be determined in this case. The second issue is what follows from this to justify potential interventions within the (...)
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  26.  56
    Public Stem Cell Banks: Considerations of Justice in Stem Cell Research and Therapy.Ruth R. Faden, Liza Dawson, Alison S. Bateman-House, Dawn Mueller Agnew, Hilary Bok, Dan W. Brock, Aravinda Chakravarti, Xiao-Jiang Gao, Mark Greene, John A. Hansen, Patricia A. King, Stephen J. O'Brien, David H. Sachs, Kathryn E. Schill, Andrew Siegel, Davor Solter, Sonia M. Suter, Catherine M. Verfaillie, LeRoy B. Walters & John D. Gearhart - 2003 - Hastings Center Report 33 (6):13-27.
    If stem cell-based therapies are developed, we will likely confront a difficult problem of justice: for biological reasons alone, the new therapies might benefit only a limited range of patients. In fact, they might benefit primarily white Americans, thereby exacerbating long-standing differences in health and health care.
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  27. Moral Realism and Twin Earth.Stephen Laurence, Eric Margolis & Angus Dawson - 1999 - Facta Philosophica 1:135-165.
    Hilary Putnam's Twin Earth thought experiment has come to have an enormous impact on contemporary philosophical thought. But while most of the discussion has taken place within the context of the philosophy of mind and language, Terence Horgan and Mark Timmons (H8cT) have defended the intriguing suggestion that a variation on the original thought experiment has important consequences for ethics.' In a series of papers, they' ve developed the idea of a Moral Twin Earth and have argued that its significance (...)
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  28.  15
    Concurrent Measurement of Awareness and Electrodermal Classical Conditioning.Michael E. Dawson & Michael A. Biferno - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (1):55.
  29.  39
    Defining Standard of Care in the Developing World: The Intersection of International Research Ethics and Health Systems Analysis.Adnan A. Hyder & Liza Dawson - 2005 - Developing World Bioethics 5 (2):142–152.
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  30.  16
    IAB Presidential Address: Contextual, Social, Critical: How We Ought to Think About the Future of Bioethics.Angus Dawson - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (6):291-296.
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  31.  20
    On the Quality and Legitimacy of Green Narratives in Business: A Framework for Evaluation.Lutz Preuss & David Dawson - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (S1):135 - 149.
    Narrative is increasingly being recognised as an important tool both to manage and understand organisations. In particular, narrative is recognised to have an important influence on the perception of environmental issues in business, a particularly contested area of modern management. Management literature is, however, only beginning to develop a framework for evaluating the quality and legitimacy of narratives. Due to the highly fluid nature of narratives, the traditional notion of truth as reflecting ' objective reality' is not useful here. In (...)
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  32.  42
    The Reception of Godel's Incompleteness Theorems.John W. Dawson - 1984 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:253 - 271.
    According to several commentators, Kurt Godel's incompleteness discoveries were assimilated promptly and almost without objection by his contemporaries - - a circumstance remarkable enough to call for explanation. Careful examination reveals, however, that there were doubters and critics, as well as defenders and rival claimants to priority. In particular, the reactions of Carnap, Bernays, Zermelo, Post, Finsler, and Russell, among others, are considered in detail. Documentary sources include unpublished correspondence from Godel's Nachlass.
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  33.  15
    The Devil in the Details: Thorough Assessment of Evidence and Ethics Is Needed in Evaluating New HIV Prevention Methods.Liza Dawson - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (6):33-34.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 6, Page 33-34, June 2012.
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  34.  31
    Cities of the Gods: Communist Utopias in Greek Thought.Doyne Dawson - 1992 - Oup Usa.
    Cities of the Gods is a historical study of the theory of Utopian communism in ancient Greek thought, identifying and assessing its several currents. The author looks at the reason for the decline of the Utopian traditions after c. 150 BC and suggests that the main factor was the Roman conquest of the Greek world, which produced a more conservative intellectual climate. He concludes by looking at the evidence for the survival of utopian traditions, particularly their influence on early Christianity.
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  35. Philosophical Surveys, VIII: A Survey of Work on Mediaeval Philosophy, 1945-53: Part II: Mediaeval Philosophers of the Christian West. [REVIEW]J. G. Dawson - 1954 - Philosophical Quarterly 4 (14):60-74.
  36.  67
    A Dead Proposal: Levi and Green on Advance Directives.Angus Dawson & Anthony Wrigley - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (4):23 – 24.
    NThere are many problems with Levi and Green’s (2010) suggestion that a computer-based decision aid will overcome the major objections to advance directives (ADs). We focus on just two here. First, we argue that the key assumption underlying Levi and Green’s paper, that autonomy always ought to take priority over other values, is false. Second, we argue that the paper misses the point of the most telling objections to the use of ADs: they lack the relevant moral authority to determine (...)
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  37.  40
    Professional Codes of Practice and Ethical Conduct.Angus James Dawson - 1994 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 11 (2):145-153.
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  38.  46
    Medical Studies with 'No Material Ethical Issues' - an Unhelpful, Confusing and Potentially Unethical Suggestion.S. M. Yentis & A. J. Dawson - 2006 - Clinical Ethics 1 (4):234-236.
    Both the recent 'Warner' review of the UK research ethics committee (REC) system and the subsequent consultation document produced by the Central Office for Research Ethics Committees (COREC) emphasize the need to distinguish 'research' from what might be termed 'non-research'. This is to be determined through a process of filtering or 'triage', the intention being that RECs will avoid considering proposals with 'no material ethical issues'. In this paper we argue that trying to distinguish 'true' research from other projects is (...)
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  39.  39
    Vaccination and the Prevention Problem.Angus Dawson - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (6):515–530.
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  40.  52
    Risk, Risk Groups and Population Health.M. Verweij & A. Dawson - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (3):213-215.
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  41.  31
    The American Marketing Association Code of Ethics: Instructions for Marketers. [REVIEW]Edward J. O'Boyle & Lyndon E. Dawson - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (12):921 - 932.
    This article addresses the two main obstacles — ignorance and conflict — that block the pathway to ethically proper conduct, both generally in business and specifically in marketing. It begins with a brief examination of theories of the moral good which emphasizes the Greco-Roman humanistic tradition and the Judeo-Christian religious tradition. A professional code of ethics, such as the code of the American Marketing Association, is meaningful only if human beings are regarded as making moral judgments that, objectively speaking, are (...)
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  42.  30
    Developmental Trajectories in Moral Reasoning Across the Life Span.Cheryl Armon & Theo L. Dawson - 1997 - Journal of Moral Education 26 (4):433-453.
    Abstract This long?term study found that moral reasoning as conceptualised by Kohlberg (1981, 1985) can develop into adulthood. Predominantly white, well?educated, middle?class participants were interviewed four times at 4?year intervals (N = 44). Stage development was sequential and continued throughout the life span, although its occurrence decreased with advancing age in a curvilinear fashion. Post?conventional reasoning was demonstrated by seven adults. Stage of moral reasoning correlated with age strongly in children and moderately in adults, and was moderately correlated with education (...)
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  43.  39
    How Farmers Matter in Shaping Agricultural Technologies: Social and Structural Characteristics of Wheat Growers and Wheat Varieties. [REVIEW]Leland L. Glenna, Raymond A. Jussaume & Julie C. Dawson - 2011 - Agriculture and Human Values 28 (2):213-224.
    Science and technology studies (STS) research challenges the concept of technological determinism by investigating how the end users of a technology influence that technology’s trajectory. STS critiques of determinism are needed in studies of agricultural technology. However, we contend that focusing on the agency of end users may mask the role of political-economic factors which influence technology developments and applications. This paper seeks to mesh STS insights with political-economic perspectives by accounting for relationships between availability of diverse technologies, variations in (...)
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  44.  31
    Jean van Heijenoort and the Gödel Editorial Project.John W. Dawson - 2012 - Logica Universalis 6 (3-4):293-299.
    A colleague’s personal recollections of Jean van Heijenoort’s contributions to the editing of volumes I–III of Gödel’s Collected Works and of his interactions with the other editors.
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  45. Interpreting the Internal Structure of a Connectionist Model of the Balance Scale Task.Michael R. W. Dawson & Corinne Zimmerman - 2003 - Brain and Mind 4 (2):129-149.
    One new tradition that has emerged from early research on autonomous robots is embodied cognitive science. This paper describes the relationship between embodied cognitive science and a related tradition, synthetic psychology. It is argued that while both are synthetic, embodied cognitive science is antirepresentational while synthetic psychology still appeals to representations. It is further argued that modern connectionism offers a medium for conducting synthetic psychology, provided that researchers analyze the internal representations that their networks develop. The paper then provides a (...)
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  46.  76
    Mediating Science and Society in the EU and UK: From Information-Transmission to Deliberative Democracy?Anwar Tlili & Emily Dawson - 2010 - Minerva 48 (4):429-461.
    In this paper we critically review recent developments in policies, practices and philosophies pertaining to the mediation between science and the public within the EU and the UK, focusing in particular on the current paradigm of Public Understanding of Science and Technology (PEST) which seeks to depart from the science information-transmission associated with previous paradigms, and enact a deliberative democracy model. We first outline the features of the current crisis in democracy and discuss deliberative democracy as a response to this (...)
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  47.  22
    Safety Issues In Cell-Based Intervention Trials.Liza Dawson, Alison S. Bateman-House, Dawn Mueller Agnew, Hilary Bok, Dan W. Brock, Aravinda Chakravarti, Mark Greene, Patricia King, Stephen J. O'Brien, David H. Sachs, Kathryn E. Schill, Andrew Siegel & Davor Solter - 2003 - Fertility and Sterility 80 (5):1077-1085.
    We report on the deliberations of an interdisciplinary group of experts in science, law, and philosophy who convened to discuss novel ethical and policy challenges in stem cell research. In this report we discuss the ethical and policy implications of safety concerns in the transition from basic laboratory research to clinical applications of cell-based therapies derived from stem cells. Although many features of this transition from lab to clinic are common to other therapies, three aspects of stem cell biology pose (...)
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  48.  63
    The Determination of 'Best Interests' in Relation to Childhood Vaccinations (Published in Bioethics 19(1)).Angus Dawson - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (2):187-205.
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  49.  32
    Could Do Better: Research Data Sharing and Public Health.A. Dawson & M. Verweij - 2011 - Public Health Ethics 4 (1):1-3.
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  50. Book Review: The Dialogical Turn: New Roles for Sociology in the Postdisciplinary Age. [REVIEW]Andrew Dawson - 2005 - Thesis Eleven 81 (1):119-124.
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