Results for 'O. Mayo'

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  1. Comments on "randomization and the design of experiments" by P. Urbach.O. Mayo - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 54 (4):592-596.
    Urbach (1985) has concluded that the use of randomization in the design of clinical and agricultural trials is both inappropriate and ineffective. It is argued here that it is appropriate, as it eliminates the dependence of inference on the unknown precise physical model that underlies a set of observations, and effective, in that it is relatively simple to apply in practice compared with any competing method. Furthermore, it has been proven in practice.
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  2. Toward a More Objective Understanding of the Evidence of Carcinogenic Risk.Deborah G. Mayo - 1988 - PSA Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988 (2):489-503.
    The field of quantified risk assessment is a new field, only about 20 years old, and already it is considered to be in a crisis. As Funtowicz and J.R. Ravetz (1985) put it:The concept of risk in terms of probability has proved to be so elusive, and statistical inference so problematic, that many experts in the field have recently either lost hope of finding a scientific solution or lost faith in Risk Analysis as a tool for decisionmaking. (p.219)Thus the ‘art’ (...)
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  3. New books. [REVIEW]D. F. Pears, D. G. C. Macnabb, Paul Streeten, Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka, A. M. Quinton, I. M. Crombie, R. Rhees, B. A. O. Williams, W. J. Rees, Philippa Foot, Homer H. Dubs, N. S. Sutherland & Bernard Mayo - 1957 - Mind 66 (262):265-286.
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  4. New books. [REVIEW]Austin Duncan-Jones, C. D. Broad, William Kneale, Martha Kneale, L. J. Russell, D. J. Allan, S. Körner, Percy Black, J. O. Urmson, Stephen Toulmin, J. J. C. Smart, Antony Flew, R. C. Cross, George E. Hughes, John Holloway, D. Daiches Raphael, J. P. Corbett, E. A. Gellner, G. P. Henderson, W. von Leyden, P. L. Heath, Margaret Macdonald, B. Mayo, P. H. Nowell-Smith, J. N. Findlay & A. M. MacIver - 1950 - Mind 59 (235):389-431.
  5.  74
    Probability: A Rejoinder to Mr. J. O. Urmson.B. Mayo - 1947 - Analysis 8 (2):30 - 32.
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  6.  7
    Europa, ¿mercado o comunidad?: de la Escuela de Salamanca a la Europa del futuro: Salamanca, 21-22 de mayo de 1998.José Román Flecha (ed.) - 1999 - Salamanca: Publicaciones Universidad Pontificia.
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  7.  32
    Orden Jiménez, Rafael V., García Norro, Juan José, Ingala Gómez, Emma : "Diotima o de la dificultad de enseñar filosofía", Madrid, Escolar y Mayo Editores, 2016, 367 pp. [REVIEW]Nekae Trigo - 2018 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 51:425-427.
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  8. 55 años de mayo del 68 … y de la Humanae vitae. Una reflexión bioética.Gilberto A. Gamboa-Bernal - 2022 - Vida y Ética 24:9-24.
    En 1968 ocurrieron dos hechos sobre los cuales cabe hacer una reflexión orientada por la bioética: la llamada Revolución del 68 y la aparición de la Carta encíclica Humanae Vitae. El Concilio Vaticano II, que fue presentado como una actualización de la Iglesia católica al mundo moderno, fue el escenario de los estudios previos a la redacción del documento pontificio, donde Pablo VI dejó clara la postura del Magisterio de la Iglesia sobre la moral sexual y anticipa los errores prácticos (...)
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  9.  51
    Orden Jiménez, Rafael V., García norro, Juan José E ingala Gómez, Emma : Diotima O de la dificultad de enseñar filosofía, editorial escolar Y Mayo, madrid,2016, 367p. [REVIEW]José Alejandro Fernández Cuesta - 2018 - Agora 37 (2).
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  10. Seamos realistas: Lo que queda de Mayo del 68.Nemrod Carrasco - 2009 - Astrolabio 8:33-48.
    Cuarenta años después, la elección que enfrentamos a propósito del mayo del 68 plantea de nuevo la alternativa entre hacer una lectura moderna o una posmoderna. La ruptura crucial que representa la lectura posmoderna consiste en rechazar la dimensión política del mayo del 68: para autores como Lipovetsky o Vallespín, la retórica antijerárquica del 68 era un pasaje necesario para que el nuevo espíritu del capital pudiera revolverse exitosamente contra las organizaciones sociales opresivas del capitalismo corporativo. De modo (...)
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  11.  5
    Malvinas: voces de la plaza. Los discursos de Galtieri y los pronunciamientos de los manifestantes en las movilizaciones masivas a la Plaza de Mayo el 2 y el 10 de abril de 1982. [REVIEW]María Sofía Vassallo - 2022 - Aletheia: Anuario de Filosofía 12 (24):e123.
    Investigamos las movilizaciones a la Plaza de Mayo del 2 y 10 de abril de 1982 por la recuperación de las islas Malvinas; entendemos que ahí hay pistas fundamentales para comprender las complejas relaciones entre los argentinos, la dictadura militar, las Malvinas, Gran Bretaña y las grandes potencias. Analizamos los mensajes del presidente de facto Leopoldo Fortunato Galtieri, pronunciados desde el balcón de la Casa Rosada y los diversos modos en que se expresan los manifestantes en la Plaza de (...)
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  12.  6
    The philosophy of right and wrong: an introduction to ethical theory.Bernard Mayo - 1986 - Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
  13.  16
    How to Discount Double-Counting When It Counts: Some Clarifications.Deborah G. Mayo - 2008 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (4):857-879.
    The issues of double-counting, use-constructing, and selection effects have long been the subject of debate in the philosophical as well as statistical literature. I have argued that it is the severity, stringency, or probativeness of the test—or lack of it—that should determine if a double-use of data is admissible. Hitchcock and Sober ([2004]) question whether this ‘severity criterion' can perform its intended job. I argue that their criticisms stem from a flawed interpretation of the severity criterion. Taking their criticism as (...)
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  14. De Maistre, J., y Guerrero Alonso, M. L. . . Consideraciones sobre Francia . Madrid, MD: Escolar y Mayo. 200 pp.José Manuel Correoso Rodenas - 2016 - Las Torres de Lucca: Revista Internacional de Filosofía Política 5 (8):283-286.
    A lo largo de la historia, el devenir de los acontecimientos ha hecho que determinados autores, que quizá en su época gozaron de fama y popularidad, hayan caído en el olvido o hayan sido forzados al ostracismo. Un caso clásico sería el del poeta y narrador estadounidense William Gilmore Simms quien, antes de la Guerra de Secesión, disfrutó de los laureles de la fama y la admiración de sus contemporáneos. Sin embargo, su apoyo a la causa confederada ha hecho de (...)
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  15.  3
    ... Curso colectivo de filosofía del derecho dictado en la Facultad de derecho de Buenos Aires, en mayo y junio de 1942.Ramón Marcos Alsina (ed.) - 1943 - Buenos Aires,: Imprenta de la Universidad.
    Introducción a la problemática jurídica actual, por R. M. Alsina.--La filosofía de la cultura, por Francisco Romero.--El sentido del derecho para la vida humana, por Juan Llambías de Azevedo.--El derecho como objeto y la ciencia del derecho, por E. R. Aftalión.--Las especies del saber jurídico (consideraciones de epistemología) por Manuel Río.--Posición cultural de las orientaciones políticas, por M. T. Ruiz Moreno.
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  16. Tārakabrahma śatakamu.Taḍakanapalle Kavirāmayōgi - 1993 - Karnūlu: Ke. Raṅgayya. Edited by Vi Vi Yal Narasiṃhārāvu, Mudivēḍu Prabhākararāvu & Vaidyaṃ Vēṅkaṭēśvarācāryulu.
    On the fundamental of Hindu philosophy with commentary in verse form.
     
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  17. Managing business ethics: straight talk about how to do it right.Linda Klebe Treviño - 2011 - New York: John Wiley. Edited by Katherine A. Nelson.
    While most business ethics texts focus exclusively on individual decision making--what should an individual do--this resource presents the whole business ethics story. Highly realistic, readable, and down-to-earth, it moves from the individual to the managerial to the organizational level, focusing on business ethics in an organizational context to promote an understanding of complex influences on behavior. The new Fifth Edition is the perfect text for students entering the workplace, those seeking to become professionals in training, communications, compliance, in addition to (...)
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  18.  4
    Experiment and Conceptual Change-Evidence, Data Generation, and Scientific Practice: Toward a Reliabilist Philosophy of Experiment-Why Philosophical Theories of Evidence Are (and Ought to Be).Deborah Mayo & Peter Achinstein - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):S180-S192.
    There are two reasons, I claim, scientists do and should ignore standard philosophical theories of objective evidence: Such theories propose concepts that are far too weak to give scientists what they want from evidence, viz., a good reason to believe a hypothesis; and They provide concepts that make the evidential relationship a priori, whereas typically establishing an evidential claim requires empirical investigation.
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  19. The Limits of Logical Validity.E. Mayo - 1915 - Mind 24:70.
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  20.  19
    On Human Nature.Edward O. Wilson - 1978 - Harvard University Press.
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  21. The Unethics of Sharing: Wikiwashing.Mayo Fuster Morell - 2011 - International Review of Information Ethics 15:09.
    In order for online communities to assemble and grow, some basic infrastructure is necessary that makes possible the aggregation of the collective action. There is a very intimate and complex relationship between the technological infrastructure and the social character of the community which uses it. Today, most infrastructure is provided by corporations and the contrast between community and corporate dynamics is becoming increasingly pronounced. But rather than address the issues, the corporations are actively obfuscating it. Wikiwashing refers to a strategy (...)
     
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  22. Los dilemas de un proceso inevitable: Gobierno Abierto y políticas públicas.Mayo Fuster Morell - 2013 - Telos: Cuadernos de Comunicación E Innovación 94:77-80.
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  23. The mutually constitutive nature of public and private law.Mayo Moran - 2009 - In Andrew Robertson & Hang Wu Tang (eds.), The goals of private law. Portland, Or.: Hart.
     
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  24.  82
    Are common, harmful, heritable mental disorders common relative to other such non-mental disorders, and does their frequency require a special explanation?Mayo Oliver & Leach Carolyn - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):415-416.
    Keller & Miller's (K&M's) conclusion appears to be correct; namely, that common, harmful, heritable mental disorders are largely maintained at present frequencies by mutation-selection balance at many different loci. However, their “paradox” is questionable. (Published Online November 9 2006).
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  25.  5
    Discussion.Bernard Mayo - 1959 - Mind 68 (269):80-86.
  26.  12
    Acceptable Evidence: Science and Values in Risk Management.Deborah G. Mayo & Rachelle D. Hollander (eds.) - 1991 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Discussions of science and values in risk management have largely focused on how values enter into arguments about risks, that is, issues of acceptable risk. Instead this volume concentrates on how values enter into collecting, interpreting, communicating, and evaluating the evidence of risks, that is, issues of the acceptability of evidence of risk. By focusing on acceptable evidence, this volume avoids two barriers to progress. One barrier assumes that evidence of risk is largely a matter of objective scientific data and (...)
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  27.  17
    Truth as appraisal.Bernard Mayo - 1959 - Mind 68 (269):80-86.
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  28.  31
    Traces and portents.Bernard Mayo - 1968 - Philosophical Quarterly 18 (73):289-298.
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  29.  3
    Traces and protents.Bernard Mayo - 1968 - Philosophical Quarterly 18 (73):289.
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  30.  45
    Testing Resistance: Busno‐cratic power, standardized tests, and care of the self.Cris Mayo - 2005 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 37 (3):357–363.
    I will argue in what follows, following the insights of James Marshall on busno‐cratic power, that resistance to this new power is already well underway, and that this resistance is potentially problematic and potentially transgressive 1 . The self is not only a chooser in busno‐cratic land, it is also re‐commodifying itself and in so doing, beginning to struggle at the limits of its commodified situation. I will argue that commodified selves, as much as they are constrained, are also potent (...)
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  31.  18
    Testing Resistance: Busno‐cratic power, standardized tests, and care of the self.Cris Mayo - 2005 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 37 (3):357-363.
    I will argue in what follows, following the insights of James Marshall on busno‐cratic power, that resistance to this new power is already well underway, and that this resistance is potentially problematic and potentially transgressive (in Marshall's words ‘a reflective reconstitution’). The self is not only a chooser in busno‐cratic land, it is also re‐commodifying itself and in so doing, beginning to struggle at the limits of its commodified situation. I will argue that commodified selves, as much as they are (...)
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  32.  7
    Ethical Value.Bernard Mayo - 1958 - Philosophical Quarterly 8 (30):82-83.
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  33.  6
    Sobre la "Ley de encabalgamiento lógico-cronológico" como principio supremo de todos los juicios sintéticos a priori.Alejandro García Mayo - 2007 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 40 (5):375-380.
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  34.  15
    Critical notices.Bernard Mayo - 1969 - Mind 78 (310):285-292.
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  35.  43
    Routine HIV Testing of Hospital Patients and Pregnant Women: Informed Consent in the Real World.David J. Mayo, Frank S. Rhame & Martin Gunderson - 1996 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (2):161-182.
    : The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has recommended that HIV testing be routinely offered to certain patients in hospitals with a high prevalence of HIV infection and on all pregnant women. The CDC does not, however, offer implementation level guidelines for obtaining informed consent. We provide a moral justification for requiring informed consent for HIV testing and propose guidelines for securing such consent. In particular we argue that genuine informed consent can be secured without elaborate counseling, such (...)
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  36.  15
    Error and the Growth of Experimental Knowledge.Deborah G. Mayo - 1996 - University of Chicago.
    This text provides a critique of the subjective Bayesian view of statistical inference, and proposes the author's own error-statistical approach as an alternative framework for the epistemology of experiment. It seeks to address the needs of researchers who work with statistical analysis.
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  37. Faces of hunger: an essay on poverty, justice, and development.Onora O'Neill - 1986 - Boston: G. Allen & Unwin.
  38.  36
    La representación del Estado en el discurso de la Asociación Madres de la Plaza de Mayo en Argentina.Alberto Javier Mayorga Rojel & Carlos del Valle Rojas - 2010 - Polis: Revista Latinoamericana 26.
    En el presente trabajo se presentan algunos resultados obtenidos del estudio acerca de la configuración del Estado en el discurso político de las Madres de la Plaza de Mayo durante el 2001 - 2002. Para cumplir con lo enunciado, se realiza un análisis crítico del discurso con el objeto de identificar cómo el dispositivo utilizado por este movimiento social durante el periodo mencionado ocupa un conjunto de elementos discursivos que delimitan y/o fortalecen el sentido de la noción de Estado (...)
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  39.  73
    Scientific Collaboration and Collective Knowledge.Thomas Boyer-Kassem, Conor Mayo-Wilson & Michael Weisberg (eds.) - 2017 - New York, USA: Oxford University Press.
    Current scientific research almost always requires collaboration among several (if not several hundred) specialized researchers. When scientists co-author a journal article, who deserves credit for discoveries or blame for errors? How should scientific institutions promote fruitful collaborations among scientists? In this book, leading philosophers of science address these critical questions.
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  40. The Independence Thesis: When Individual and Social Epistemology Diverge.Conor Mayo-Wilson, Kevin J. S. Zollman & David Danks - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (4):653-677.
    In the latter half of the twentieth century, philosophers of science have argued (implicitly and explicitly) that epistemically rational individuals might compose epistemically irrational groups and that, conversely, epistemically rational groups might be composed of epistemically irrational individuals. We call the conjunction of these two claims the Independence Thesis, as they together imply that methodological prescriptions for scientific communities and those for individual scientists might be logically independent of one another. We develop a formal model of scientific inquiry, define four (...)
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  41. Scoring Imprecise Credences: A Mildly Immodest Proposal.Conor Mayo-Wilson & Gregory Wheeler - 2016 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 92 (1):55-78.
    Jim Joyce argues for two amendments to probabilism. The first is the doctrine that credences are rational, or not, in virtue of their accuracy or “closeness to the truth” (1998). The second is a shift from a numerically precise model of belief to an imprecise model represented by a set of probability functions (2010). We argue that both amendments cannot be satisfied simultaneously. To do so, we employ a (slightly-generalized) impossibility theorem of Seidenfeld, Schervish, and Kadane (2012), who show that (...)
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  42.  34
    Causal Conclusions that Flip Repeatedly and Their Justification.Kevin T. Kelly & Conor Mayo-Wilson - 2010 - Proceedings of the Twenty Sixth Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence 26:277-286.
    Over the past two decades, several consistent procedures have been designed to infer causal conclusions from observational data. We prove that if the true causal network might be an arbitrary, linear Gaussian network or a discrete Bayes network, then every unambiguous causal conclusion produced by a consistent method from non-experimental data is subject to reversal as the sample size increases any finite number of times. That result, called the causal flipping theorem, extends prior results to the effect that causal discovery (...)
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  43. Error and the growth of experimental knowledge.Deborah Mayo - 1996 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 15 (1):455-459.
  44.  6
    A Logical Limitation on Determinism.Bernard Mayo - 1958 - Philosophy 33 (124):50 - 55.
    I begin with some elementary observations about assertion. In spite of recent criticisms of philosophers who have been too ready to take the subject-predicate indicative sentence as the standard form of assertion, there is no doubt that this form of sentence does represent something very fundamental about assertion. To put the matter in a rough-and-ready way: if we are to assert anything at all, it seems obvious that we must first draw our listener's attention to something that we propose to (...)
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  45.  8
    Empiricism and Ethics. By D. H. Monro. (Cambridge University Press, 1967. Pp. 236. 40s.).Bernard Mayo - 1968 - Philosophy 43 (163):69-.
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  46.  18
    John Stuart Mill. By Karl Britton. (Penguin Books Ltd., 1953. Pp. 224. Price 2s.).Bernard Mayo - 1954 - Philosophy 29 (110):261-.
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  47.  16
    Peirce and Pragmatism. By W. B. Gallie. (Penguin Books. Pp. 247. Price 2S. 6d.).Bernard Mayo - 1954 - Philosophy 29 (108):89-.
  48.  24
    Poetry, Language and Communication.Bernard Mayo - 1954 - Philosophy 29 (109):131 - 145.
    There is a wide gap, at any rate in the English-speaking world, between the people whose business it is to talk about the nature of poetry and those who are concerned with the critical analysis of language. Although both subjects are legitimate topics for philosophical discussion, there are few philosophers who combine a deep and effective interest in aesthetics with a concern in the problems of linguistic analysis. The analytical philosopher is only too ready to relegate poetry to the field (...)
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  49.  28
    The Incoherence of Determinism.Bernard Mayo - 1969 - Philosophy 44 (168):89 - 100.
    Of the many possible, and no doubt actual, forms of incoherence covered by my title, I shall be concerned with only one, and must begin by dismissing the others. The incoherence I shall speak of is not any alleged inconsistency between deterministic and indeterministic physical theories , such as between classical particle mechanics and quantum theory. It is an inconsistency internal to determinism. Not, that is, internal to any deterministic theory ; but to the general claims put forward by determinists—whether (...)
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  50.  24
    Is There a Case for the General Will?B. Mayo - 1950 - Philosophy 25 (94):247 - 252.
    It is fashionable nowadays to discredit the theory of the general will, and an attempt to rehabilitate it is not likely to receive much sympathy. Nevertheless, I propose to give some reasons for adopting a more lenient attitude towards the theory, and to indicate some possible lines along which a rehabilitation might be conducted.
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