Results for 'P. Spencer John'

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  1.  8
    Prototypes and Particulars: Geometric and Experience-Dependent Spatial Categories.John P. Spencer & Alycia M. Hund - 2002 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 131 (1):16-37.
  2. Word-Object Learning Via Visual Exploration in Space (WOLVES): A Neural Process Model of Cross-Situational Word Learning.Ajaz A. Bhat, John P. Spencer & Larissa K. Samuelson - 2022 - Psychological Review 129 (4):640-695.
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  3.  54
    Autonomy in Action: Linking the Act of Looking to Memory Formation in Infancy Via Dynamic Neural Fields.Sammy Perone & John P. Spencer - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (1):1-60.
    Looking is a fundamental exploratory behavior by which infants acquire knowledge about the world. In theories of infant habituation, however, looking as an exploratory behavior has been deemphasized relative to the reliable nature with which looking indexes active cognitive processing. We present a new theory that connects looking to the dynamics of memory formation and formally implement this theory in a Dynamic Neural Field model that learns autonomously as it actively looks and looks away from a stimulus. We situate this (...)
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  4.  24
    Quality Control for Hospitals' Clinical Ethics Services: Proposed Standards.Cavin P. Leeman, John C. Fletcher, Edward M. Spencer & Sigrid Fry-Revere - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (3):257-.
    Hospital ethics committees have become widespread over the last 25 years, stimulated by the Quinlan decision of the New Jersey Supreme Court, the report of a President's Commission, and most recently by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Care Organizations , which now man dates that each hospital seeking accreditation have a functioning process for the consideration of ethical issues in patient care. Laws and regulations in several states require that hospitals establish ethics committees, and some states stipulate that (...)
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  5.  8
    Quality Control for Hospitals' Clinical Ethics Services: Proposed Standards.Cavin P. Leeman, John C. Fletcher, Edward M. Spencer & Sigrid Fry-Revere - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (3):257-268.
    Hospital ethics committees have become widespread over the last 25 years, stimulated by the Quinlan decision of the New Jersey Supreme Court, the report of a President's Commission, and most recently by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Care Organizations, which now man dates that each hospital seeking accreditation have a functioning process for the consideration of ethical issues in patient care. Laws and regulations in several states require that hospitals establish ethics committees, and some states stipulate that certain (...)
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  6.  39
    The Essence of Cognitive Development.John P. Spencer - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):62-63.
    Psychologists have long debated the underlying cause of infants' perseverative reaching. Thelen et al. explain the error in terms of general processes that make goal-directed actions to remembered locations. The context- and experience-dependent nature of their model implies that there is no single cause of the A-not-B error, and, more generally, no core essence to cognitive development.
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  7.  28
    Non‐Bayesian Noun Generalization in 3‐ to 5‐Year‐Old Children: Probing the Role of Prior Knowledge in the Suspicious Coincidence Effect. [REVIEW]Gavin W. Jenkins, Larissa K. Samuelson, Jodi R. Smith & John P. Spencer - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (2):268-306.
    It is unclear how children learn labels for multiple overlapping categories such as “Labrador,” “dog,” and “animal.” Xu and Tenenbaum suggested that learners infer correct meanings with the help of Bayesian inference. They instantiated these claims in a Bayesian model, which they tested with preschoolers and adults. Here, we report data testing a developmental prediction of the Bayesian model—that more knowledge should lead to narrower category inferences when presented with multiple subordinate exemplars. Two experiments did not support this prediction. Children (...)
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  8.  23
    Moving Word Learning to a Novel Space: A Dynamic Systems View of Referent Selection and Retention.K. Samuelson Larissa, C. Kucker Sarah & P. Spencer John - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (7):52-72.
    Theories of cognitive development must address both the issue of how children bring their knowledge to bear on behavior in-the-moment, and how knowledge changes over time. We argue that seeking answers to these questions requires an appreciation of the dynamic nature of the developing system in its full, reciprocal complexity. We illustrate this dynamic complexity with results from two lines of research on early word learning. The first demonstrates how the child's active engagement with objects and people supports referent selection (...)
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  9.  4
    Moving Word Learning to a Novel Space: A Dynamic Systems View of Referent Selection and Retention.Larissa K. Samuelson, Sarah C. Kucker & John P. Spencer - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41:52-72.
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  10.  57
    Grounding Cognitive‐Level Processes in Behavior: The View From Dynamic Systems Theory.Larissa K. Samuelson, Gavin W. Jenkins & John P. Spencer - 2015 - Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (2):191-205.
    Marr's seminal work laid out a program of research by specifying key questions for cognitive science at different levels of analysis. Because dynamic systems theory focuses on time and interdependence of components, DST research programs come to very different conclusions regarding the nature of cognitive change. We review a specific DST approach to cognitive-level processes: dynamic field theory. We review research applying DFT to several cognitive-level processes: object permanence, naming hierarchical categories, and inferring intent, that demonstrate the difference in understanding (...)
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  11.  15
    The Role of Experience in Location Estimation: Target Distributions Shift Location Memory Biases.John Lipinski, Vanessa R. Simmering, Jeffrey S. Johnson & John P. Spencer - 2010 - Cognition 115 (1):147-153.
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  12.  8
    The Role of Experience in Location Estimation: Target Distributions Shift Location Memory Biases.John P. Spencer John Lipinski, Vanessa R. Simmering, Jeffrey S. Johnson - 2010 - Cognition 115 (1):147.
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  13.  19
    Come Down From the Clouds: Grounding Bayesian Insights in Developmental and Behavioral Processes.Gavin W. Jenkins, Larissa K. Samuelson & John P. Spencer - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (4):204-206.
    According to Jones & Love (J&L), Bayesian theories are too often isolated from other theories and behavioral processes. Here, we highlight examples of two types of isolation from the field of word learning. Specifically, Bayesian theories ignore emergence, critical to development theory, and have not probed the behavioral details of several key phenomena, such as the effect.
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  14.  5
    How Do Neural Processes Give Rise to Cognition? Simultaneously Predicting Brain and Behavior with a Dynamic Model of Visual Working Memory.Aaron T. Buss, Vincent A. Magnotta, Will Penny, Gregor Schöner, Theodore J. Huppert & John P. Spencer - 2021 - Psychological Review 128 (2):362-395.
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  15.  1
    Learning Words in Space and Time: Contrasting Models of the Suspicious Coincidence Effect.Gavin W. Jenkins, Larissa K. Samuelson, Will Penny & John P. Spencer - 2021 - Cognition 210:104576.
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  16.  12
    The Complexity of Random Ordered Structures.Joel H. Spencer & Katherine St John - 2008 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 152 (1):174-179.
    We show that for random bit strings, Up, with probability, image, the first order quantifier depth D) needed to distinguish non-isomorphic structures is Θ, with high probability. Further, we show that, with high probability, for random ordered graphs, G≤,p with edge probability image, D)=Θ, contrasting with the results for random graphs, Gp, given by Kim et al. [J.H. Kim, O. Pikhurko, J. Spencer, O. Verbitsky, How complex are random graphs in first order logic? Random Structures and Algorithms 26 119–145] (...)
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  17.  7
    The Complexity of Random Ordered Structures.Joel Spencer & Katherine St John - 2008 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 152 (1-3):174-179.
    We show that for random bit strings, Up, with probability, image, the first order quantifier depth D) needed to distinguish non-isomorphic structures is Θ, with high probability. Further, we show that, with high probability, for random ordered graphs, G≤,p with edge probability image, D)=Θ, contrasting with the results for random graphs, Gp, given by Kim et al. [J.H. Kim, O. Pikhurko, J. Spencer, O. Verbitsky, How complex are random graphs in first order logic? Random Structures and Algorithms 26 119–145] (...)
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  18. Getting It Wrong From the Beginning: Our Progressivist Inheritance From Herbert Spencer, John Dewey, and Jean Piaget.Kieran Egan, Herbert Spencer, John Dewey & Jean Piaget - 2002 - Yale University Press.
    The ideas upon which public education was founded in the last half of the nineteenth century were wrong. And despite their continued dominance in educational thinking for a century and a half, these ideas are no more right today. So argues one of the most original and highly regarded educational theorists of our time in 'Getting It Wrong from the Beginning'. Kieran Egan explains how we have come to take mistaken concepts about education for granted and why this dooms our (...)
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  19.  23
    On Painting.Leon Battista Alberti, John R. Spencer, Creighton Gilbert, E. W. Dickes & Brian Battershaw - 1956 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 26 (1):148-148.
  20.  24
    (P.) Spencer Ed. The Egypt Exploration Society: The Early Years (EES Occasional Publications 16). London: The Egypt Exploration Society, 2007. Pp. Ix + 262, Illus. £20. 9780856981852 (Pbk). [REVIEW]David Fearn - 2011 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 131:302-303.
  21.  11
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Spencer John Maxey, Hinshaw Jr, Richard A. Quantz, Dorothy Huenecke, Lyle K. Eddy, Neil R. Dauler-Phinney, Brian J. Spittle, E. Sidney Vaughan Iii, Loretta Petit, H. George Bonekemper & Kas Mazurek - 1981 - Educational Studies 11 (4):435-450.
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  22. The Psychology of Meta-Ethics: Exploring Objectivism.Geoffrey P. Goodwin & John M. Darley - 2008 - Cognition 106 (3):1339-1366.
  23. The Perceived Objectivity of Ethical Beliefs: Psychological Findings and Implications for Public Policy. [REVIEW]Geoffrey P. Goodwin & John M. Darley - 2010 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (2):161-188.
    Ethical disputes arise over differences in the content of the ethical beliefs people hold on either side of an issue. One person may believe that it is wrong to have an abortion for financial reasons, whereas another may believe it to be permissible. But, the magnitude and difficulty of such disputes may also depend on other properties of the ethical beliefs in question—in particular, how objective they are perceived to be. As a psychological property of moral belief, objectivity is relatively (...)
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  24.  45
    A Decision-Making Theory of Visual Detection.Wilson P. Tanner & John A. Swets - 1954 - Psychological Review 61 (6):401-409.
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  25.  3
    Freedom and Responsibility in Reproductive Choice.John R. Spencer & Antje Du Bois-Pedain (eds.) - 2006 - Hart.
    What responsibilities, if any, do we have towards our genetic offspring, before or after birth and perhaps even before creation, merely by virtue of the genetic link? What claims, if any, arise from the mere genetic parental relation? Should society through its legal arrangements allow 'fatherless' or 'motherless' children to be born, as the current law on medically assisted reproduction involving gamete donation in some legal systems does? Does the possibility of establishing genetic parentage with practical certainty necessitate reform of (...)
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  26. Book Review: II Samuel: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary. [REVIEW]John R. Spencer - 1986 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 40 (1):84-86.
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  27.  24
    Meland’s Alternative in Ethics.John B. Spencer - 1976 - Process Studies 6 (3):165-180.
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  28.  25
    On Painting.Leon Battista Alberti, John R. Spencer, Leonardo da Vinci & A. Philip Mcmahon - 1956 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 15 (4):488-489.
  29.  22
    Alfred North Whitehead’s Philosophy of Values. [REVIEW]John B. Spencer - 1971 - Process Studies 1 (1):66-68.
  30.  12
    On PaintingThe Sociology of Literary TasteThe Mathematical Basis of the ArtsThe Schillinger System of Musical Composition.Leon Battista Alberti, John R. Spencer, Creighton Gilbert, Levin Schucking, E. W. Dickes, Brian Battershaw, Thomas Munro & Joseph Schillinger - 1967 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 26 (1):148.
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  31.  35
    Defending Realism: Reflections on Karl Rogers's Metaphysics of Experimental Physics.John Spencer - 2007 - Journal of Critical Realism 6 (1):126-147.
    The main goal of this paper is to argue against Karl Rogers's attacks on realism in physics. Rogers argues that electrons do not exist independently of the relevant socio-technological process, but I show that such an assumption would make our best scientific theories incomprehensible. While the paper supports Rogers's attempts to refute positivism, it demonstrates that his own position is positivistic, and it corrects his overemphasis on the roles of technology and the experimenter. Rogers assumes that the founders of modern (...)
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  32. Approaches to Strict and Constructive Liability in Continental Criminal Law.John R. Spencer & Antje Pedain - 2005 - In Andrew Simester (ed.), Appraising Strict Liability. Oxford University Press.
     
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  33.  17
    Defending Realism: Reflections on Karl Rogers’ *Metaphysics of Experimental Physics.John Spencer - 2007 - Journal of Critical Realism 6 (1):126-147.
    The main goal of this paper is to argue against Karl Rogers's attacks on realism in physics. Rogers argues that electrons do not exist independently of the relevant socio-technological process, but I show that such an assumption would make our best scientific theories incomprehensible. While the paper supports Rogers's attempts to refute positivism, it demonstrates that his own position is positivistic, and it corrects his overemphasis on the roles of technology and the experimenter. Rogers assumes that the founders of modern (...)
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  34.  50
    Ut Rhetorica Pictura: A Study in Quattrocento Theory of Painting.John R. Spencer - 1957 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 20 (1/2):26-44.
  35.  2
    Book Review: Early Judaism and Its Modern Interpreters. [REVIEW]John R. Spencer - 1988 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 42 (2):197-198.
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  36.  12
    The Egyptian Temple: A Lexicographical Study.David P. Silverman & Patricia Spencer - 1990 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 110 (1):116.
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  37.  12
    The MabinogionT. P. Ellis John Lloyd.John J. Parry - 1931 - Speculum 6 (1):139-142.
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  38.  8
    Facts and Comments.Henry A. P. Torrey & Herbert Spencer - 1903 - Philosophical Review 12 (2):193.
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  39.  79
    Saccadic Eye Movements and Cognition.Simon P. Liversedge & John M. Findlay - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (1):6-14.
  40.  14
    On Painting.Gabriel Laderman, Leon Battista Alberti & John R. Spencer - 1956 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 3 (1):140.
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  41.  26
    Learning Clinical Reasoning.Jerome P. Kassirer, John B. Wong & Richard I. Kopelman - 1991 - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
    After a 50-page outline of the principles of clinical reasoning, over 60 actual cases are detailed that illustrate the principles, presenting case records, analysis, and references to literature. For medical students and interns, and their instructors. Annotation copyright Book Ne.
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  42.  4
    Agencement/Assemblage.John W. P. Phillips - 2006 - Theory, Culture and Society 23 (2-3):108-109.
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  43.  7
    El contenido mental no-conceptual y la experiencia perceptual espacial.John Anderson P.-Duarte & Alejandro Murillo - 2011 - Revista Colombiana de Filosofía de la Ciencia 11 (23):7-28.
    Nuestro interés en el contenido mental no-conceptual es, principalmente, la articulación de una versión sustantiva (no-trivial) de esta clase de contenido en la experiencia perceptual. El debate acerca del contenido no-conceptual ha girado, en su mayor parte, alrededor de su existencia; y los argumentos que se han ofrecido en su favor abogan por una versión no sustantiva según la cual el contenido no-conceptual es aquel que no satisface ciertos requisitos conceptuales. Así, para desarrollar una versión sustantiva del contenido mental no-conceptual (...)
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  44.  90
    On the Ethics of Facial Transplantation Research.Osborne P. Wiggins, John H. Barker, Serge Martinez, Marieke Vossen, Claudio Maldonado, Federico V. Grossi, Cedric G. Francois, Michael Cunningham, Gustavo Perez-Abadia, Moshe Kon & Joseph C. Banis - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):1 – 12.
    Transplantation continues to push the frontiers of medicine into domains that summon forth troublesome ethical questions. Looming on the frontier today is human facial transplantation. We develop criteria that, we maintain, must be satisfied in order to ethically undertake this as-yet-untried transplant procedure. We draw on the criteria advanced by Dr. Francis Moore in the late 1980s for introducing innovative procedures in transplant surgery. In addition to these we also insist that human face transplantation must meet all the ethical requirements (...)
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  45. Psyche and Soma: Physicians and Metaphysicians on the Mind-Body Problem From.John P. Wright & Paul Potter (eds.) - 2000 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Psyche and Soma is a multi-disciplinary exploration of the conceptions of the human soul or mind and body, through the course of more than two thousand years of Western history. Thirteen specially commissioned chapters, each written by a recogized expert, discuss figures such as the physicians Hippocrates, Galen, Stahl, and Cabanis; theologians St Paul, Augustine, and Aquinas; and philosophers from Plato and Aristotle to Descartes, Leibniz, and La Mettrie. The chapters explore in chronlogical sequence the views of these writers on (...)
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  46.  29
    John P. Portelli & Douglas J. Simpson.John P. Portelli - forthcoming - Journal of Thought.
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  47.  11
    Privacy: What Everyone Needs to Know®.Leslie P. Francis & John G. Francis - 2017 - Oup Usa.
    Privacy is one of our most essential values, but popular understanding of it lags far behind the heat the concept generates. It's easy to understand why. The concept itself has shifted in U.S. law from autonomy, to property, to confidentiality. Further, with a host of cultural differences as to how privacy is understood globally and in different religions, and with nonstop technological advancements, its significance is continually evolving. Leslie P. and John G. Francis draw upon their extensive expertise in (...)
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  48.  1
    Cartas filosóficas o reflexiones modestas sobre algunas opiniones en filosofía natural de Margaret Lucas Cavendish, duquesa de New Castle [cartas 30-33 y 35-37]. [REVIEW]John Anderson P.-Duarte & Juliana Ocampo Guzmán - 2021 - Humanitas Hodie 3 (1):H31a6.
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  49.  6
    Philosophy and Practical Education.J. P. Tuck & John Wilson - 1979 - British Journal of Educational Studies 27 (1):84.
  50. Stateless Crimes, Legitimacy, and International Criminal Law: The Case of Organ Trafficking. [REVIEW]Leslie P. Francis & John G. Francis - 2010 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 4 (3):283-295.
    Organ trafficking and trafficking in persons for the purpose of organ transplantation are recognized as significant international problems. Yet these forms of trafficking are largely left out of international criminal law regimes and to some extent of domestic criminal law regimes as well. Trafficking of organs or persons for their organs does not come within the jurisdiction of the ICC, except in very special cases such as when conducted in a manner that conforms to the definitions of genocide or crimes (...)
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