Results for 'description theory'

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  1.  5
    Frege and the Description Theory: An Attempt at Rehabilitation.Ari Maunu - 2015 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 92:109-116.
    I question the received view that Frege advocates the description theory of proper names. First, I argue that the textual evidence for this view from Frege’s writings is not conclusive. Secondly, I propose that the Fregean Sinne (of proper names) may be understood nondescriptionally in terms of symbolhood. Finally, I suggest that in the notorious passages where Frege is apparently supporting the description theory he is just indicating the potential problems with communication with proper names.
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  2.  21
    Meinong’s Version of the Description Theory.Arkadiusz Chrudzimski - 2007 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 27 (1):73-85.
    Around 1904 Meinong formulated his most famous idea: There are no empty (non-referential) singular terms. Each singular term refers to an object. Some of these objects do not exist but all of them enjoy status of Außersein. Russell also did not accept non-referential singular terms. But in his paper “On denoting” (1905) he claimed that all singular terms that are apparently empty could be reinterpreted as apparent singular terms. In short, Meinong expands his universe, while Russell narrows the category of (...)
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  3.  45
    Good News About the Description Theory of Names.Bart Geurts - 1997 - Journal of Semantics 14 (4):319-348.
    This is an attempt at reviving Kneale's version of the description theory of names, which says that a proper name is synonymous with a definite description of the form ‘the individual named so-and-so’. To begin with, I adduce a wide range of observations to show that names and overt definites are alike in all relevant respects. I then turn to Kripke's main objection against Kneale's proposal, and endeavour to refute it. In the remainder of the paper I (...)
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  4.  6
    Feyerabend and the Description Theory of Reference.Howard Sankey - 1991 - Journal of Philosophical Research 16:223-232.
    In his early work Feyerabend argues that certain theories are incommensurable due to semantic variance. In this paper it is argued that Feyerabend relies on a description theory of reference in the course of his argument for incommensurability and in his analysis of the relevant kind of semantic variance. Against this it is objected that such reliance on the description theory eliminates ostensive reference determination and obscures the presence of theoretical conflict.
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  5. Understanding, Context-Relativity, and the Description Theory.Jason Stanley - 1999 - Analysis 59 (261):14-18.
    I argue that it follows from a very plausible principle concerning understanding that the truth of an ascription of understanding is context-relative. I use this to defend an account of lexical meaning according to which full understanding of a natural kind term or name requires knowing informative, uniquely identifying information about its referent. This point undermines Putnam-style 'elm-beech' arguments against the description theory of names and natural kind terms.
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  6. Feyerabend and the Description Theory of Reference.Howard Sankey - 1991 - Journal of Philosophical Research 16:223-232.
    In his early work Feyerabend argues that certain theories are incommensurable due to semantic variance. In this paper it is argued that Feyerabend relies on a description theory of reference in the course of his argument for incommensurability and in his analysis of the relevant kind of semantic variance. Against this it is objected that such reliance on the description theory eliminates ostensive reference determination and obscures the presence of theoretical conflict.
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  7.  18
    On the Philosophical Foundations of Free Description Theory.Karel Lambert - 1987 - History and Philosophy of Logic 8 (1):57-66.
    This essay lays out the leading principles of the theories of definite descriptions advocated by Frege, Russell, and Hilbert and Bernays, and discusses various difficulties, philosophical and otherwise, with each treatment, fixing especially on the treatment of singular existence claims. Then the leading principles of free (definite) description theory are presented and it is shown how it resolves difficulties confronting the more traditional approaches. Finally, a pair of technical problems in free (definite) description theory are addressed. (...)
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  8.  24
    Description Theory, LTAGs and Underspecified Semantics.Reinhard Muskens - unknown
    underspecified syntactic representation and its com- Descriptions in our theory model three kinds of inpletions is to let the underspecified representation formation. First, there are input descriptions, which correspond to a logical description and the comple-.
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  9. Thick Description: Towards an Interpretive Theory of Culture.Clifford Geertz - 1973 - In The Interpretation of Cultures. Basic Books.
  10. Atomic Theory and the Description of Nature.Niels Bohr - 1934 - Ox Bow Press.
    Introductory survey -- Atomic theory and mechanics -- The quantum postulate and the recent development of atomic theory -- The quantum of action and the description of nature -- The atomic theory and the fundamental principles underlying the description of nature.
     
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  11.  64
    Discussion Note: Definiteness and Proper Names: Some Bad News for the Description Theory.Abbott Barbara - 2002 - Journal of Semantics 19 (2):191-201.
    This paper addresses some data put forward by Geurts (1997) in support of his metalinguistic or quotation theory of proper names, according to which a name N means ‘the individual named N’. The data illustrate ten linguistic behaviours claimed to be shared by proper names and definite descriptions. I argue that in some cases the behaviours have a common explanation which is based on a property independent of Geurts' analysis, and that in the remaining cases the behaviours are not (...)
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  12.  1
    Analysing Institutional Effects in Activity Theory: First Steps in the Development of a Language of Description.Harry Daniels - 2006 - Outlines. Critical Practice Studies 8 (2):43-58.
    This paper explores the benefits that might arise from an appropriate fusion of the version of Activity Theory being developed by Yrjo Engestrom and the sociology of the late Basil Bernstein. It explores the common roots of the two traditions and on the basis of empirical work carried out in British special schools formulates an approach to the development of a language of description which would extend the analytical power of Activity Theory.
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  13.  28
    A Description Theory of Singular Reference.Francesco Orilia - 2003 - Dialectica 57 (1):7–40.
    According to the received view, descriptivism is a dead end in an attempt to account for singular reference by proper names, indexicals and possibly even incomplete descriptions, for they require referentialism. In contrast to this, I argue for an application of the former to all kinds of singular terms, indexicals in particular, by relying on a view of incomplete descriptions as elliptical in a pragmatic sense. I thus provide a general analysis of singular reference. The proposed approach is in line (...)
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  14. A Description Theory of Singular Reference.Orilia Francesco - 2003 - Dialectica 57 (1):7-40.
    According to the received view, descriptivism is a dead end in an attempt to account for singular reference by proper names, indexicals and possibly even incomplete descriptions, for they require referentialism. In contrast to this, I argue for an application of the former to all kinds of singular terms, indexicals in particular, by relying on a view of incomplete descriptions as elliptical in a pragmatic sense. I thus provide a general analysis of singular reference. The proposed approach is in line (...)
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  15. Has the Description Theory of Names Been Refuted.Jerrold J. Katz - 1990 - In George S. Boolos (ed.), Meaning and Method: Essays in Honor of Hilary Putnam. Cambridge University Press. pp. 31--61.
     
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  16.  17
    On Free Description Theory.Bas C. Van Fraassen & Karel Lambert - 1967 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 13 (15):225-240.
  17.  15
    On Free Description Theory.Bas C. Van Fraassen & Karel Lambert - 1967 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 13 (15):225-240.
  18.  7
    Understanding, Context-Relativity, and the Description Theory.J. Stanley - 1999 - Analysis 59 (1):14-18.
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  19.  14
    Notes on Free Description Theory: Some Philosophical Issues and Consequences. [REVIEW]Karel Lambert - 1972 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 1 (2):184 - 191.
  20.  13
    Will the Real Description Theory of Names Please Stand Up?Deborah Hansen Soles - 1996 - Southwest Philosophy Review 12 (1):151-160.
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  21.  3
    Alternative Notations for Principia Mathematica Description Theory: Possible Modifications.Jordan Howard Sobel - 1976 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 17 (3):476-478.
  22.  5
    A Note on Universally Free Description Theory.A. P. Rao - 1975 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 16 (4):539-542.
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  23.  4
    Principia Mathematica Description Theory: The Classical and an Alternative Notation.Jordan Howard Sobel - 1974 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 15 (1):63-72.
  24.  1
    Kripke, Putnam, and the Description Theory.Luis Fernández Moreno - 2014 - In Piotr Stalmaszczyk (ed.), Semantics and Beyond: Philosophical and Linguistic Inquiries. De Gruyter. pp. 65-84.
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  25.  1
    On Free Description Theory.Bas van Fraassen & Karel Lambert - 1967 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 13 (15):225-240.
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  26.  3
    Description Theory: Critical Defense of a Russellian Approach.Jean-Claude Volgo - 1974 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 15 (4):641-647.
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  27. Meinong’s Version of the Description Theory.Arkadiusz Chrudzimski - 2014 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 27 (1).
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  28. Explanation, Prediction, Description, and Information Theory.Joseph F. Hanna - 1969 - Synthese 20 (3):308 - 334.
    The distinction between explanation and prediction has received much attention in recent literature, but the equally important distinction between explanation and description (or between prediction and description) remains blurred. This latter distinction is particularly important in the social sciences, where probabilistic models (or theories) often play dual roles as explanatory and descriptive devices. The distinction between explanation (or prediction) and description is explicated in the present paper in terms of information theory. The explanatory (or predictive) power (...)
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  29.  45
    The Description of Preparation and Registration of Physical Systems and Conventional Probability Theory.Holger Neumann - 1983 - Foundations of Physics 13 (8):761-778.
    The connection of the structure of statistical selection procedures with measure theory is investigated. The methods of measure theory are applied in order to analyze a mathematical description of preparation and registration of physical systems that is used by G. Ludwig for a foundation of quantum mechanics.
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  30.  31
    Attraction, Description and the Desire-Satisfaction Theory of Welfare.Eden Lin - 2016 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy:1-8.
    The desire-satisfaction theory of welfare says that what is basically good for a subject is the satisfaction of his desires. One challenge to this view is the existence of quirky desires, such as a desire to count blades of grass. It is hard to see why anyone would desire such things, and thus hard to believe that the satisfaction of such desires could be basically good for anyone. This suggests that only some desires are basically good when satisfied, and (...)
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  31.  12
    Identification and Description in Ayer's Sense-Datum Theory.David O'connor - 1980 - Modern Schoolman 57 (March):213-242.
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  32.  14
    A Quantum Field Theory Description of Elementary Fermion “Epigenetics”.Claudio Verzegnassi - 2016 - World Futures 72 (3-4):187-190.
    I derive a number of impressive analogies between the modifications of the elementary components of Matter, generated by an external source of interaction, and the analogous modifications of the elementary components of an Organism. I will consider the interaction between the elementary components of matter and a weak classic magnetic field. This interaction will be treated in the theoretical quantum field theory formalism.
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  33.  15
    A Structural Description of Evolutionary Theory.Robert N. Brandon - 1980 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:427 - 439.
    The principle of natural selection is stated. It connects fitness values (actual reproductive success) with expected fitness values. The term 'adaptedness' is used for expected fitness values. The principle of natural selection explains differential fitness in terms of relative adaptedness. It is argued that this principle is absolutely central to Darwinian evolutionary theory. The empirical content of the principle of natural selection is examined. It is argued that the principle itself has no empirical biological content, but that the presuppositions (...)
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  34.  26
    Description of Unstable Systems in Relativistic Quantum Mechanics in the Lax-Phillips Theory.L. P. Horwitz & Y. Strauss - 1998 - Foundations of Physics 28 (10):1607-1616.
    We discuss some of the experimental motivation for the need for semigroup decay laws and the quantum Lax-Phillips theory of scattering and unstable systems. In this framework, the decay of an unstable system is described by a semigroup. The spectrum of the generator of the semigroup corresponds to the singularities of the Lax-Phillips S-matrix. In the case of discrete (complex) spectrum of the generator of the semigroup, associated with resonances, the decay law is exactly exponential. The states corresponding to (...)
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  35.  10
    " The Nine-Field-Model" for Evaluation of Theoretical Constructs in Nursing: Part One. Development of a New Model for Nursing Theory Evaluation and Application of This Model to Theory Description of the SAUC Model.Barbro Gustafsson & Lars Andersson - 2001 - Theoria: Journal of Nursing Theory 10 (1):10-34.
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  36.  5
    Defining Reality: Applying Double Description and Chaos Theory to the Practice of Practice.Margaret D. LeCompte - 1994 - Educational Theory 44 (3):277-298.
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  37. Marc Eli Blanchard, Description: Sign, Self, Desire. Critical Theory in the Wake of Semiotics Reviewed By.Guy Bouchard - 1982 - Philosophy in Review 2 (1):1-5.
    L'auteur se demande en quoi la sémiotique se distingue d'une part des approches traditionnelles de la littérature, d'autre part du structuralisme. Trois thèmes circulent à travers les divers chapitres: (1) la relativisation de l'analyse structurale au profit de la "sémio-stylistique"; (2) la promotion de la description aux dépens de la narration; (3) l'importance de la pastorale dans l'histoire de la littérature. Ces thèmes sont développés clairement, et l'auteur tient compte, entre autres, des apports de la philosophie contemporaine à la (...)
     
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  38. The Nine-Field-Model” for Evaluation of Theoretical Constructs in Nursing. Part One. Application of the Evaluation Model to Theory Description of the SAUC Model. [REVIEW]B. Gustafsson & L. Andersson - 2001 - Theoria: Journal of Nursing Theory 10 (1):10-34.
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  39.  52
    Self-Description and the Theory of Types.Roy Harris - 1968 - Analysis 28 (6):207 - 208.
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  40. A Phenomenological Dislocation Theory for Martensitic Transformation in Ductile Materials: From Micro- to Macroscopic Description.M. Cherkaoui, A. Soulami, A. Zeghloul & M. A. Khaleel - 2008 - Philosophical Magazine 88 (30-32):3479-3512.
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  41.  27
    A Meinongian Theory of Definite Description.D. Jacquette - 1994 - Axiomathes 5 (2-3):345-359.
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  42. Russell's Theory of Definite Description as Opposed to Quine's Singular Terms.S. O. Welding - 1972 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 26 (102):513-33.
     
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  43.  48
    Category Theory Applied to a Radically New but Logically Essential Description of Time and Space.Dr John Yates - 2008 - Cogprints.
    McTaggart's ideas on the unreality of time as expressed in "The Nature of Existence" have retained great interest for many years for scholars, academics and other philosophers. In this essay, there is a brief discussion which mentions some of the high points of this philosophical interest, and goes on to apply his ideas to modern physics and neuroscience. It does not discuss McTaggart's C and D series, but does emphasise how the use of derived versions of both his A and (...)
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  44.  37
    Structural Description and Qualitative Content in Perception Theory.Johannes Andres & Rainer Mausfeld - 2008 - Consciousness & Cognition 17 (1):307-311.
    The paper is a critical comment on D. Hoffman. The Scrambling Theorem: A simple proof of the logical possibility of spectrum inversion. Consciousness and Cognition, 2006, 15, 31–45.
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  45.  8
    Set Theory and Syntactic Description[REVIEW]J. M. P. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (4):808-808.
  46.  6
    Structural Description and Qualitative Content in Perception Theory.Johannes Andres & Rainer Mausfeld - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1):307-311.
  47.  7
    The Represented World: Toward a Phenomenological Theory of Description in the Novel.Alexander Gelley - 1979 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 37 (4):415-422.
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  48.  11
    Descripción y Fases Del Mecanismo Del Chivo Expiatorio En la Teoría Mimética de René Girard= Description and Phases of the Scapegoat Mechanism in the Mimetic Theory of René Girard.Agustín Moreno Fernández - 2013 - Endoxa 32:191-206.
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  49.  1
    Theory and Description In Philosophy.Oliver A. Johnson - 1968 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 6 (4):247-250.
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  50.  9
    Theory and Description in Philosophy.Oliver A. Johnson - 1968 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 6 (4):247-250.
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