Search results for 'Constancy' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Ron Beadle (2013). Managerial Work in a Practice-Embodying Institution: The Role of Calling, The Virtue of Constancy. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 113 (4):679-690.
    What can be learned from a small scale study of managerial work in a highly marginal and under-researched working community? This article uses the ‘goods–virtues–practices–institutions’ framework to examine the managerial work of owner–directors of traditional circuses. Inspired by MacIntyre’s arguments for the necessity of a narrative understanding of the virtues, interviews explored how British and Irish circus directors accounted for their working lives. A purposive sample was used to select subjects who had owned and managed traditional touring circuses for at (...)
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  2. Gary Hatfield (2014). Psychological Experiments and Phenomenal Experience in Size and Shape Constancy. Philosophy of Science 81 (5):940-953.
    Some experiments in perceptual psychology measure perceivers’ phenomenal experiences of objects versus their cognitive assessments of object properties. Analyzing such experiments, this article responds to Pizlo’s claim that much work on shape constancy before 1985 confused problems of shape ambiguity with problems of shape constancy. Pizlo fails to grasp the logic of experimental designs directed toward phenomenal aspects of shape constancy. In the domain of size perception, Granrud’s studies of size constancy in children and adults distinguish (...)
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  3. Jonathan Cohen (2008). Colour Constancy as Counterfactual. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (1):61 – 92.
    There is nothing in this World constant but Inconstancy. [Swift 1711: 258] In this paper I argue that two standard characterizations of colour constancy are inadequate to the phenomenon. This inadequacy matters, since, I contend, philosophical appeals to colour constancy as a way of motivating illumination-independent conceptions of colour turn crucially on the shortcomings of these characterizations. After critically reviewing the standard characterizations, I provide a novel counterfactualist understanding of colour constancy, argue that it avoids difficulties of (...)
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  4.  29
    Will Davies (forthcoming). Colour Constancy, Illumination, and Matching. Philosophy of Science.
    Colour constancy is a foundational and yet puzzling phenomenon. Standard appearance invariantism is threatened by the psychophysical matching argument, which is taken to favour variantism. This argument, however, is inconclusive. The data at best support a pluralist view: colour constancy is sometimes variantist, sometimes invariantist. I add another potential explanation of these data, complex invariantism, which adopts an atypical six-dimensional model of colour appearance. Finally I prospect for a unifying conception of constancy among two neglected notions: discriminatory (...)
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  5. Brad J. Thompson (2006). Color Constancy and Russellian Representationalism. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 84 (1):75-94.
    Representationalism, the view that phenomenal character supervenes on intentional content, has attracted a wide following in recent years. Most representationalists have also endorsed what I call 'standard Russellianism'. According to standard Russellianism, phenomenal content is Russellian in nature, and the properties represented by perceptual experiences are mind-independent physical properties. I argue that standard Russellianism conflicts with the everyday experience of colour constancy. Due to colour constancy, standard Russellianism is unable to simultaneously give a proper account of the phenomenal (...)
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  6.  5
    Derek H. Brown (2016). A Study in Deflated Acquaintance Knowledge: Sense-Datum Theory and Perceptual Constancy. In Sorin Costreie (ed.), Early Analytic Philosophy: New Perspectives on the Tradition. Springer 99-125.
    We perceive the objective world through a subjective perceptual veil. Various perceived properties, particularly “secondary qualities” like colours and tastes, are mind-dependent. Although mind-dependent, our knowledge of many facts about the perceptual veil is immediate and secure. These are well-known facets of sense-datum theory. My aim is to carve out a conception of sense-datum theory that does not require the immediate and secure knowledge of a wealth of facts about experienced sense-data (§1). Such a theory is of value on its (...)
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  7.  82
    David R. Hilbert (2005). Color Constancy and the Complexity of Color. Philosophical Topics 33 (1):141-158.
    We can start with a definition. “[C]olour constancy is the constancy of the perceived colours of surfaces under changes in the intensity and spectral composition of the illumination.” (Foster et al. 1997) Given the definition we can now ask a question: Does human color vision exhibit color constancy?1 The answer to the question depends in part on how we interpret it. If the question is understood as asking whether human color vision displays constancy for every possible (...)
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  8.  9
    Gary Hatfield (2009). On Perceptual Constancy. In Perception and Cognition: Essays in the Philosophy of Psychology. Clarendon Press 178-211.
    This chapter reconsiders the notion of perceptual constancy from the ground up. It distinguishes the phenomenology of perceptual constancy and stability from a functional characterization of perception as aiming at full constancy. Drawing on this distinction, we can attend to the phenomenology of constancy itself, and ask to what extent human perceivers attain constancy, as usually defined. Within this phenomenology, I distinguish phenomenal presentations of spatial features and color properties from categorizations, conceptualizations, and judgments that (...)
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  9.  18
    Stefanie Rocknak (2013). Constancy and Coherence in 1.4.2 of Hume’s Treatise: The Root of “Indirect” Causation and Hume’s Position on Objects. The European Legacy (4):444-456.
    This article shows that in 1.4.2.15-24 of the Treatise of Human Nature, Hume presents his own position on objects, which is to be distinguished from both the vulgar and philosophical conception of objects. Here, Hume argues that objects that are effectively imagined to have a “perfect identity” are imagined due to the constancy and coherence of our perceptions (what we may call ‘level 1 constancy and coherence’). In particular, we imagine that objects cause such perceptions, via what I (...)
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  10.  23
    Gary Hatfield & Sarah Allred (eds.) (2012). Visual Experience: Sensation, Cognition, and Constancy. Oxford University Press.
    Seeing happens effortlessly and yet is endlessly complex. Among the most fascinating aspects of visual perception is its stability and constancy. As we shift our gaze or move about the world, the light projected onto the retinas is constantly changing. Yet the surrounding objects appear stable in their properties. Psychologists have long been interested in the constancies. They have asked questions such as: How good is constancy? Is constancy a fact about how things look, or is it (...)
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  11.  27
    Wayne Wright (2013). Color Constancy Reconsidered. Acta Analytica 28 (4):435-455.
    This article proposes an account of color constancy based on an examination of the relevant scientific literature. Differences in experimental settings and task instructions that lead to variation in subject performance are given particular attention. Based on the evidence discussed, the core of the proposal made is that there are two different forms of color constancy, one phenomenal and the other projective. This follows the hypothesis of Reeves et al. (Perception & Psychophysics 70:219–228, 2008). Unlike Reeves et al. (...)
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  12. Sean Dorrance Kelly (2008). Content and Constancy: Phenomenology, Psychology, and the Content of Perception. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (3):682–690.
  13. Mark Eli Kalderon (2008). Metamerism, Constancy, and Knowing Which. Mind 117 (468):549-585.
    When Norm perceives a red tomato in his garden, Norm perceives the tomato and its sensible qualities.
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  14.  13
    Hans Wallach (1948). Brightness Constancy and the Nature of Achromatic Colors. Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (3):310.
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  15. Clea F. Rees & Jonathan Webber (2014). Constancy, Fidelity, and Integrity. In Stan van Hooft (ed.). Acumen 399-408.
  16.  63
    Phillip John Meadows (2013). On A. D. Smith's Constancy Based Defence of Direct Realism. Philosophical Studies 163 (2):513-525.
    This paper presents an argument against A D Smith’s Direct Realist theory of perception, which attempts to defend Direct Realism against the argument from illusion by appealing to conscious perceptual states that are structured by the perceptual constancies. Smith’s contention is that the immediate objects of perceptual awareness are characterised by these constancies, which removes any difficulty there may be in identifying them with the external, or normal, objects of awareness. It is here argued that Smith’s theory does not provide (...)
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  17.  5
    Robert C. Bolles & Daniel E. Bailey (1956). Importance of Object Recognition in Size Constancy. Journal of Experimental Psychology 51 (3):222.
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  18.  25
    Nicholas Pastore (1977). Reply to George: Thomas Reid and the Constancy Hypothesis. Philosophy of Science 44 (June):297-302.
  19.  5
    William H. Lichte & C. Robert Borresen (1967). Influence of Instructions on Degree of Shape Constancy. Journal of Experimental Psychology 74 (4, Pt.1):538-542.
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  20.  7
    V. R. Carlson (1962). Size-Constancy Judgments and Perceptual Compromise. Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (1):68.
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  21.  2
    Douglas L. Nelson, Joseph Wheeler & Steven Bercov (1970). Variations in Item Availability and Distinctiveness and the Role of Temporal Constancy Cues in Serial Anticipation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (3):463.
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  22.  5
    H. M. Johnson (1924). Speed, Accuracy and Constancy of Response to Visual Stimuli as Related to the Distribution of Brightnesses Over the Visual Field. Journal of Experimental Psychology 7 (1):1.
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  23.  5
    Dale W. Kaess, S. Dziurawiec Haynes, M. J. Craig, S. C. Pearson & J. Greenwell (1974). Effect of Distance and Size of Standard Object on the Development of Shape Constancy. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (1):17.
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  24.  2
    Olin W. Smith (1958). Distance Constancy. Journal of Experimental Psychology 55 (4):388.
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  25.  3
    C. O. Weber (1933). The Constancy of Gray with Constant and with Changing Illumination. Journal of Experimental Psychology 16 (6):815.
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  26.  3
    T. G. Hermans (1937). Visual Size Constancy as a Function of Convergence. Journal of Experimental Psychology 21 (2):145.
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  27.  4
    H. Leibowitz, Nancy A. Myers & P. Chinetti (1955). The Role of Simultaneous Contrast in Brightness Constancy. Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (1):15.
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  28.  2
    Dale W. Kaess (1970). Form Constancy and the Perceptual Task: A Developmental Study. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (3p1):465.
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  29.  2
    G. Katona (1935). Color-Contrast and Color-Constancy. Journal of Experimental Psychology 18 (1):49.
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  30.  2
    Bruce Dunn & H. Leibowitz (1961). The Effect of Separation Between Test and Inducing Fields on Brightness Constancy. Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (6):505.
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  31.  3
    William H. Lichte (1952). Shape Constancy: Dependence Upon Angle of Rotation; Individual Differences. Journal of Experimental Psychology 43 (1):49.
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  32.  3
    R. M. Cruikshank & E. Feigenbaum (1941). A Note on the Influence of Praise and Reproof Upon Size Constancy. Journal of Experimental Psychology 29 (6):524.
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  33.  3
    C. E. Henry (1941). Electroencephalographic Individual Differences and Their Constancy: I. During Sleep. Journal of Experimental Psychology 29 (2):117.
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  34.  2
    Tracy S. Kendler & Howard H. Kendler (1962). Inferential Behavior in Children as a Function of Age and Subgoal Constancy. Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (5):460.
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  35.  3
    R. B. MacLeod (1940). Brightness-Constancy in Unrecognized Shadows. Journal of Experimental Psychology 27 (1):1.
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  36.  1
    John W. Cotton & Mitri E. Shanab (1968). Number of Dimensions, Stimulus Constancy, and Reinforcement in a Pseudo Concept-Identification Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (3p1):464.
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  37.  1
    Harold W. Hake & Albert E. Myers (1969). Familiarity and Shape Constancy. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (2p1):205.
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  38.  1
    L. J. Lennon (1934). The Constancy of Hypochromatic Vision. Journal of Experimental Psychology 17 (5):662.
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  39.  1
    John J. Winters & David Baldwin (1971). Development of Two- and Three-Dimensional Size Constancy Under Restricted Cue Conditions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (1):113.
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  40.  2
    C. Robert Borresen & William H. Lichte (1962). Shape-Constancy: Dependence Upon Stimulus Familiarity. Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (1):91.
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  41.  2
    Jerome L. Singer (1952). Personal and Environmental Determinants of Perception in a Size Constancy Experiment. Journal of Experimental Psychology 43 (6):420.
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  42.  1
    H. Leibowitz & P. Chinetti (1957). Effect of Reduced Exposure Duration on Brightness Constancy. Journal of Experimental Psychology 54 (1):49.
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  43. Wayne Wu (2013). Visual Spatial Constancy and Modularity: Does Intention Penetrate Vision? Philosophical Studies 165 (2):647-669.
    Is vision informationally encapsulated from cognition or is it cognitively penetrated? I shall argue that intentions penetrate vision in the experience of visual spatial constancy: the world appears to be spatially stable despite our frequent eye movements. I explicate the nature of this experience and critically examine and extend current neurobiological accounts of spatial constancy, emphasizing the central role of motor signals in computing such constancy. I then provide a stringent condition for failure of informational encapsulation that (...)
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  44. David H. Foster (2003). Does Colour Constancy Exist? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (10):439-443.
    For a stable visual world, the colours of objects should appear the same under different lights. This property of colour constancy has been assumed to be fundamental to vision, and many experimental attempts have been made to quantify it. I contend here, however, that the usual methods of measurement are either too coarse or concentrate not on colour constancy itself, but on other, complementary aspects of scene perception. Whether colour constancy exists other than in nominal terms remains (...)
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  45. Michael Madary (2012). Husserl on Perceptual Constancy. European Journal of Philosophy 20 (1):145-165.
    Abstract: In philosophy, perceptual constancy refers to the puzzling phenomenon of the perception of properties of objects despite our changing experience of those properties. Husserl developed a sophisticated description of perceptual constancy. In this paper I sketch Husserl's approach, which focuses on the suggestion that perception is partly constituted by the continuous interplay of intention and fulfilment. Unlike many contemporary theories, this framework gives us a way to understand the relationship between different appearances of the same object. I (...)
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  46. Boyd Millar (2013). Colour Constancy and Fregean Representationalism. Philosophical Studies 164 (1):219-231.
    All representationalists maintain that there is a necessary connection between an experience’s phenomenal character and intentional content; but there is a disagreement amongst representationalists regarding the nature of those intentional contents that are necessarily connected to phenomenal character. Russellian representationalists maintain that the relevant contents are composed of objects and/or properties, while Fregean representationalists maintain that the relevant contents are composed of modes of presentation of objects and properties. According to Fregean representationalists such as David Chalmers and Brad Thompson, the (...)
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  47.  22
    Derek H. Brown (2014). Colour Layering and Colour Constancy. Philosophers' Imprint 14 (15).
    Loosely put, colour constancy for example occurs when you experience a partly shadowed wall to be uniformly coloured, or experience your favourite shirt to be the same colour both with and without sunglasses on. Controversy ensues when one seeks to interpret ‘experience’ in these contexts, for evidence of a constant colour may be indicative a constant colour in the objective world, a judgement that a constant colour would be present were things thus and so, et cetera. My primary aim (...)
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  48. Ingvar Johansson, Constancy and Circularity in the SI.
    The International System of Units tries to find or construct something that does not change with time and place, since such constancy is the best possible ground for definitions of fundamental measurement units. This problem of constancy has received scant attention within the philosophy of science, but is the topic of the paper. The paper first highlights inevitable kinds of circularities, semantic and epistemic, that belongs to the search for constancy, and then discusses contingent dependencies between unit (...)
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  49. D. J. Bennett (2012). Seeing Shape: Shape Appearances and Shape Constancy. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 63 (3):487-518.
    A coin rotating back in depth in some sense presents a changing, elliptical shape. How are we to understand such (in this case) ‘appearances of ellipticality’? How is the experiential sense of such shifting shape appearances related to the experiential sense of enduring shape definitive of perceived shape constancy? Is the experiential recovery of surface shape based on the prior (perhaps more fundamental) recovery of point or element 3D spatial locations?—or is the perception of shape a largely independent perceptual (...)
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  50.  38
    Jonathan Cohen (2015). Perceptual Constancy. In Mohan Matthen (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Perception. 621-639.
    Students of perception have long known that perceptual constancy is an important aspect of our perceptual interaction with the world. Here is a simple example of the phenomenon concerning color perception: there is some ordinary sense in which an unpainted ceramic coffee cup made from a uniform material looks a uniform color when it is viewed under uneven illumination, even though the light reflected by the shaded regions to our eyes is quite different from the light reflected by the (...)
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