Results for 'Gernot Kronreif'

204 found
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  1.  57
    Scenarios of Robot-Assisted Play for Children with Cognitive and Physical Disabilities.Ben Robins, Kerstin Dautenhahn, Ester Ferrari, Gernot Kronreif, Barbara Prazak-Aram, Patrizia Marti, Iolanda Iacono, Gert Jan Gelderblom, Tanja Bernd, Francesca Caprino & Elena Laudanna - 2012 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 13 (2):189-234.
    This article presents a novel set of ten play scenarios for robot-assisted play for children with special needs. This set of scenarios is one of the key outcomes of the IROMEC project that investigated how robotic toys can become social mediators, encouraging children with special needs to discover a range of play styles, from solitary to collaborative play. The target user groups in the project were children with Mild Mental Retardation,1 children with Severe Motor Impairment and children with Autism. The (...)
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  2.  18
    Finalization in Science.Gernot Böhme, Wolfgang Van Den Daele & Wolfgang Krohn - 1976 - Social Science Information 15 (2-3):307-330.
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  3.  23
    Datatrust: Or, the Political Quest for Numerical Evidence and the Epistemologies of Big Data.Gernot Rieder & Judith Simon - 2016 - Big Data and Society 3 (1).
    Recently, there has been renewed interest in so-called evidence-based policy making. Enticed by the grand promises of Big Data, public officials seem increasingly inclined to experiment with more data-driven forms of governance. But while the rise of Big Data and related consequences has been a major issue of concern across different disciplines, attempts to develop a better understanding of the phenomenon's historical foundations have been rare. This short commentary addresses this gap by situating the current push for numerical evidence within (...)
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  4.  7
    Surprise Capture and Inattentional Blindness.Gernot Horstmann & Ulrich Ansorge - 2016 - Cognition 157:237-249.
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  5.  20
    Visual Search for Schematic Affective Faces: Stability and Variability of Search Slopes with Different Instances.Gernot Horstmann - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (2):355-379.
  6.  25
    What Makes an Art Expert? Emotion and Evaluation in Art Appreciation.Helmut Leder, Gernot Gerger, David Brieber & Norbert Schwarz - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (6):1137-1147.
  7.  94
    Framing Human Inference by Coherence Based Probability Logic.Niki Pfeifer & Gernot D. Kleiter - 2009 - Journal of Applied Logic 7 (2):206--217.
    We take coherence based probability logic as the basic reference theory to model human deductive reasoning. The conditional and probabilistic argument forms are explored. We give a brief overview of recent developments of combining logic and probability in psychology. A study on conditional inferences illustrates our approach. First steps towards a process model of conditional inferences conclude the paper.
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  8.  16
    A Process Model of the Understanding of Uncertain Conditionals.Gernot D. Kleiter, Andrew J. B. Fugard & Niki Pfeifer - 2018 - Thinking and Reasoning 24 (3):386-422.
    ABSTRACTTo build a process model of the understanding of conditionals we extract a common core of three semantics of if-then sentences: the conditional event interpretation in the coherencebased probability logic, the discourse processingtheory of Hans Kamp, and the game-theoretical approach of Jaakko Hintikka. The empirical part reports three experiments in which each participant assessed the probability of 52 if-then sentencesin a truth table task. Each experiment included a second task: An n-back task relating the interpretation of conditionals to working memory, (...)
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  9.  38
    The Cognitive‐Evolutionary Model of Surprise: A Review of the Evidence. [REVIEW]Rainer Reisenzein, Gernot Horstmann & Achim Schützwohl - 2019 - Topics in Cognitive Science 11 (1):50-74.
    Research on surprise relevant to the cognitive-evolutionary model of surprise proposed by Meyer, Reisenzein, and Schützwohl is reviewed. The majority of the assumptions of the model are found empirically supported. Surprise is evoked by unexpected events and its intensity is determined by the degree if schema-discrepancy, whereas the novelty and the valence of the eliciting events probably do not have an independent effect. Unexpected events cause an automatic interruption of ongoing mental processes that is followed by an attentional shift and (...)
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  10. Coherence and Nonmonotonicity in Human Reasoning.Niki Pfeifer & Gernot D. Kleiter - 2005 - Synthese 146 (1-2):93-109.
    Nonmonotonic reasoning is often claimed to mimic human common sense reasoning. Only a few studies, though, have investigated this claim empirically. We report four experiments which investigate three rules of SYSTEMP, namely the AND, the LEFT LOGICAL EQUIVALENCE, and the OR rule. The actual inferences of the subjects are compared with the coherent normative upper and lower probability bounds derived from a non-infinitesimal probability semantics of SYSTEM P. We found a relatively good agreement of human reasoning and principles of nonmonotonic (...)
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  11.  7
    Latency and Duration of the Action Interruption in Surprise.Gernot Horstmann - 2006 - Cognition and Emotion 20 (2):242-273.
  12.  31
    The Pseudodiagnosticity Trap: Should Participants Consider Alternative Hypotheses?Gernot D. Kleiter, Michael E. Doherty & Ryan D. Tweney - 2010 - Thinking and Reasoning 16 (4):332-345.
  13.  8
    Imprecise Uncertain Reasoning: A Distributional Approach.Gernot D. Kleiter - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  14.  25
    The Bioenergetic Coordination of a Complex Biological System is Revealed by its Adaptation to Changing Environmental Conditions.Gernot Falkner, Ferdinand Wagner & Renate Falkner - 1996 - Acta Biotheoretica 44 (3-4):283-299.
    The properties of the phosphate uptake system of the cyanobacterium Anacystis nidulans have been studied during the transition from a phosphate-deficient non-growing state to a non-deficient growing state. In the phosphate-deficient state the high affinity phosphate transport system in the cell membrane is extremely adaptive. As a result of these adaptive features the phosphate transport system cannot be described by determinate, fixed parameters, because the transport system is influenced by the measurement of the uptake process itself. When the growing state (...)
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  15.  28
    But Is It Really Art? The Classification of Images as “Art”/“Not Art” and Correlation with Appraisal and Viewer Interpersonal Differences.Matthew Pelowski, Gernot Gerger, Yasmine Chetouani, Patrick S. Markey & Helmut Leder - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  16.  18
    Emotional Imagery: Strategies and Correlates.Gernot Gollnisch & James R. Averill - 1993 - Cognition and Emotion 7 (5):407-429.
  17. Atmosphere as the Fundamental Concept of a New Aesthetics.Gernot Böhme - 1993 - Thesis Eleven 36 (1):113-126.
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  18.  9
    The Structures and Prospects of Knowledge Society.Gernot Böhme - 1997 - Social Science Information 36 (3):447-468.
    The first part of this article reviews the literature on the knowledge society as well as related concepts like post-industrial society and information society. In the second part the thesis is put forward that the concept of knowledge society no longer designates a trend of social development, but characterizes the social reality of advanced societies in a certain perspective. Knowledge as cultural capital has become a productive force, a major sector of the economy, a power resource both on the national (...)
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  19.  13
    Titles Change the Esthetic Appreciations of Paintings.Gernot Gerger & Helmut Leder - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  20.  56
    Mental Probability Logic.Niki Pfeifer & Gernot D. Kleiter - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (1):98-99.
    We discuss O&C's probabilistic approach from a probability logical point of view. Specifically, we comment on subjective probability, the indispensability of logic, the Ramsey test, the consequence relation, human nonmonotonic reasoning, intervals, generalized quantifiers, and rational analysis.
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  21.  56
    Contribution to the Critique of the Aesthetic Economy.Gernot Böhme - 2003 - Thesis Eleven 73 (1):71-82.
    This article charts the emergence since the 1950s of a new value category, staging value, which arises when capitalism moves from addressing people's needs to exploiting their desires. Staging values serve the intensification and heightening of life rather than the satisfaction of primary needs. The article reevaluates successive theories on the relationship between aesthetics and the economy in the light of these changes, and suggests the continued relevance of critical theory in the era of the aesthetic economy.
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  22.  11
    On the Possibility of 'Closed Theories'.Gernot Böhme - 1980 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 11 (2):163.
  23.  49
    Probability Propagation in Generalized Inference Forms.Christian Wallmann & Gernot Kleiter - 2014 - Studia Logica 102 (4):913-929.
    Probabilistic inference forms lead from point probabilities of the premises to interval probabilities of the conclusion. The probabilistic version of Modus Ponens, for example, licenses the inference from \({P(A) = \alpha}\) and \({P(B|A) = \beta}\) to \({P(B)\in [\alpha\beta, \alpha\beta + 1 - \alpha]}\) . We study generalized inference forms with three or more premises. The generalized Modus Ponens, for example, leads from \({P(A_{1}) = \alpha_{1}, \ldots, P(A_{n})= \alpha_{n}}\) and \({P(B|A_{1} \wedge \cdots \wedge A_{n}) = \beta}\) to an according interval for (...)
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  24.  10
    Gernot Rudolf Wieland, The Latin Glosses on Arator and Prudentius in Cambridge University Library, MS Gg.5.35. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1983. Paper. Pp. X, 286. [REVIEW]Frank T. Coulson - 1985 - Speculum 60 (2):495-496.
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  25.  70
    Atmosphare Als Begriff der Asthetik.Gernot Böhme - 2014 - Studia Phaenomenologica 14:25-28.
    The concept of atmosphere may be defined as tuned space, i.e. space with a mood. This concept opens a lot of new perspectives for Aesthetics. The very paradigm of it is stage design. Stage designers install a certain climate on the stage. But in our days almost everything is staged. Thus the theory of atmosphere finds applications in Commodity Aesthetics, Design, Architecture, but also the staging of politics as well as the staging of a person through a certain life-style is (...)
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  26. Naturerkenntnis Und Natursein (Für Gernot Böhme).Gregor Schiemann, Michael Hauskeller & Christoph Rehmann-Sutter (eds.) - 1998 - Suhrkamp.
    Indem dieser Band sich auf das Verhältnis von Naturerkennen und Natursein konzentriert, thematisiert er einen wesentlichen Ausschnitt aus dem weiten Spektrum von Böhmes philosophischer Arbeit. Um die Naturthematik möglichst breit zu entfalten und für Querverbindungen offenzuhalten, ist der vorliegende Band in drei Abschnitte gegliedert. Im ersten Abschnitt stehen Charakter und Reichweite der wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnis von Natur im Mittelpunkt. Der zweite Teil des Bandes stellt alternative Perspektiven auf Natur vor. Im dritten Teil schließlich stehen der Mensch und sein Verhältnis zu sich (...)
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  27.  2
    Ethics in Context: The Art of Dealing with Serious Questions.Gernot Böhme - 2001 - Blackwell.
    In this clear and accessible book, Gernot Bohme places philosophical ethics in the context of our individual and social lives. Arguing against the conception of ethics as a body of knowledge, Bohme defines morality as a matter of 'serious questions'. In the case of an individual, a serious question is one that determines that person's mode of living. In the case of society, a serious question is one that shapes our social norms. In Ethics in Context, Bohme explores the (...)
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  28.  22
    Coping with Science.Gernot Böhme - 1987 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 12 (1/2):1-47.
  29.  5
    Gernot Böhme’s Vision of the End of the Baconian Era.Stanisław Czerniak - 2012 - Dialogue and Universalism 22 (4):87-102.
    The essay aims to reconstruct Gernot Böhme’s “end of the Baconian age” concept in the context of the main theses of the “finalization in science” idea which he developed in the 1970s and 80s. Böhme has since retreated from some parts of his theorem, arguing their invalidity in light of the “twilight” of the Baconian era in science begun by Francis Bacon’s methodological and philosophical program. Böhme polemizes with Bacon’s claim that the evolution of empirical science automatically enhances civilizational (...)
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  30.  21
    Gernot Böhme’s Vision of the End of the Baconian Era.Stanisław Czerniak - 2012 - Dialogue and Universalism 22 (4):87-102.
    The essay aims to reconstruct Gernot Böhme’s “end of the Baconian age” concept in the context of the main theses of the “finalization in science” idea which he developed in the 1970s and 80s. Böhme has since retreated from some parts of his theorem, arguing their invalidity in light of the “twilight” of the Baconian era in science begun by Francis Bacon’s methodological and philosophical program. Böhme polemizes with Bacon’s claim that the evolution of empirical science automatically enhances civilizational (...)
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  31.  6
    Gernot Böhme—Anima Naturaliter Japonica.Rudolf Wolfgang Müller - 2014 - Dialogue and Universalism 24 (4):91-102.
    The author points to the spiritual relationship between certain underlying ideas in the philosophy of Gernot Böhme—especially in the areas of aesthetics and anthropology—and the typical features of Japanese culture as visible in its art, language and everyday life. For this, he turns to Böhme’s essay On the Aesthetics of the Ephemeral to show the typically ephemeral character of the Japanese painting school, he also reflects on the sophisticated aesthetics of Japanese culinary art. In Mueller’s opinion Japanese culture in (...)
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  32.  10
    Critical and Natural Sensitivity to Base Rates.Gernot D. Kleiter - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (1):27-29.
  33.  11
    Degradation in Probability Logic : When More Information Leads to Less Precise Conclusions.Christian Wallmann & Gernot Kleiter - unknown
    Probability logic studies the properties resulting from the probabilistic interpretation of logical argument forms. Typical examples are probabilistic Modus Ponens and Modus Tollens. Argument forms with two premises usually lead from precise probabilities of the premises to imprecise or interval probabilities of the conclusion. In the contribution, we study generalized inference forms having three or more premises. Recently, Gilio has shown that these generalized forms ``degrade'' -- more premises lead to more imprecise conclusions, i. e., to wider intervals. We distinguish (...)
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  34.  50
    The Memory of Micro-Organisms: An Essay on the Experience of Environmental Alterations by Bacteria.Gernot Falkner & Renate Falkner - 2008 - World Futures 64 (2):133 – 145.
    Using a generalized conception of experience, from which all features characteristic for higher animals (such as consciousness and thought) have been removed, allowed relating experience to adaptive processes in lower organisms. The temporal vector character of every current experience, containing as well memories of past experiences as intentions for future activities, can then be found in the adaptive response of cyanobacteria to alterations in phosphate supply, particularly in energetic manifestations of this phenomenon. A possible analogy between adaptive events as the (...)
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  35.  12
    Gernot Böhme, William LaFleur, Susumu Shimazono (Hrsg) (2008) Fragwürdige Medizin: unmoralische Forschung in Deutschland, Japan und den USA im 20. Jahrhundert: Campus-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main [u. a.], 302 Seiten, 32,90 €, ISBN 978-3593385822. [REVIEW]Heiner Fangerau - 2011 - Ethik in der Medizin 23 (1):87-88.
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  36. 'Abfährten'—'Arbeiten': Investigative Erkenntnistheorie.Gernot Grube - 2007 - In Sybille Krämer, Werner Kogge & Gernot Grube (eds.), Spur: Spurenlesen Als Orientierungstechnik Und Wissenskunst. Suhrkamp. pp. 222--253.
     
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  37.  1
    Felsbilder.Gernot Grube - 2017 - In Pablo Schneider & Marion Lauschke (eds.), 23 Manifeste Zu Bildakt Und Verkörperung. De Gruyter. pp. 69-76.
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  38. Labeled Calculi and Finite-Valued Logics.Matthias Baaz, Christian G. Fermüller, Gernot Salzer & Richard Zach - 1998 - Studia Logica 61 (1):7-33.
    A general class of labeled sequent calculi is investigated, and necessary and sufficient conditions are given for when such a calculus is sound and complete for a finite -valued logic if the labels are interpreted as sets of truth values. Furthermore, it is shown that any finite -valued logic can be given an axiomatization by such a labeled calculus using arbitrary "systems of signs," i.e., of sets of truth values, as labels. The number of labels needed is logarithmic in the (...)
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  39. How People Interpret Conditionals: Shifts Towards the Conditional Event.A. J. B. Fugard, Niki Pfeifer, B. Mayerhofer & Gernot D. Kleiter - 2011 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 37 (3):635-648.
    We investigated how people interpret conditionals and how stable their interpretation is over a long series of trials. Participants were shown the colored patterns on each side of a six-sided die, and were asked how sure they were that a conditional holds of the side landing upwards when the die is randomly thrown. Participants were presented with 71 trials consisting of all combinations of binary dimensions of shape (e.g., circles and squares) and color (e.g., blue and red) painted onto the (...)
     
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  40.  10
    The Concept of Body as the Nature We Ourselves Are.Gernot Böhme - 2010 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 24 (3):224.
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  41.  11
    Beware of Too Much Information.Christian Wallmann & Gernot Kleiter - unknown
  42.  6
    Exchangeability in Probability Logic.Christian Wallmann & Gernot Kleiter - unknown
    The paper investigates exchangeability in the context of probability logic. We study generalizations of basic inference rules and inferences involving cardinalities. We compare the results with those obtained in the case in which only identical probabilities are assumed.
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  43.  34
    Wie kann es abgeschlossene Theorien geben?Gernot Böhme - 1979 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 10 (2):343-351.
    Die Gegner der Finalisierungsthese setzen sich in der Regel nur mit dem Projektentwurf der Starnberger Gruppe, nicht mit ihren substantiellen Forschungen, noch viel weniger mit der Sache selbst auseinander, so auch M. Tietzel in Z. f. allg. Wissenschaftstheorie IX, 2, 1978. Als Replik wird deshalb hier ein Stück dieser substantiellen Untersuchungen veröffentlicht: Es geht um die Frage, ob dem Begriff "abgeschlossene Theorie" ein ausweisbarer Sinn gegeben werden kann. Dies wird untersucht durch Analyse der Theoriestruktur der klassischen Hydrodynamik. Hier läßt sich (...)
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  44. Lyotards Lektüre des Erhabenen.Gernot Böhme - 1998 - Kant-Studien 89 (2):205-218.
  45.  18
    EEG Beta Suppression and Low Gamma Modulation Are Different Elements of Human Upright Walking.Martin Seeber, Reinhold Scherer, Johanna Wagner, Teodoro Solis-Escalante & Gernot R. Mã¼Ller-Putz - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  46.  66
    The Concept of Body as the Nature We Ourselves Are.Gernot Böhme - 2010 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 24 (3):224-238.
    The demand for a concept—for a definition specifying what one means by a term (or, for a thing, what it actually consists of)—is a classical requirement of philosophy. As a rule, however, this demand can scarcely be satisfied, and there are good reasons for not wanting to satisfy it. For a definition is always a way of fixing something, and a concept is an intervention in the manifold diversity of things and phenomena that freezes them. The defense of the diversity (...)
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  47. Gernot Böhme, Ethics in Context Reviewed By.Timothy Chambers - 2003 - Philosophy in Review 23 (1):1-3.
     
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  48. Gernot Böhme, Ethics in Context. [REVIEW]Timothy Chambers - 2003 - Philosophy in Review 23:1-3.
     
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  49.  7
    Probleme und Tendenzen in der Sozialisationsforschung: Ansätze für eine interdisziplinäre Zusammenarbeit mit der Theologie.Gernot Czell & Wolf-Dietrich Bukow - 1974 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 18 (1):280-301.
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  50. Hic est pro te bellator ubique.Gernot Michael Müller - 2010 - Millennium 7 (1):223-256.
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