Results for 'Ira Berkow'

594 found
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  1. Epistemology and Cognition.Alvin Ira Goldman - 1986 - Cambridge, MA, USA: Harvard University Press.
    So argues a leading epistemologist in this work of fundamental importance to philosophical thinking.
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  2. Real Impossible Worlds : The Bounds of Possibility.Ira Georgia Kiourti - 2010 - Dissertation, University of St Andrews
    Lewisian Genuine Realism about possible worlds is often deemed unable to accommodate impossible worlds and reap the benefits that these bestow to rival theories. This thesis explores two alternative extensions of GR into the terrain of impossible worlds. It is divided in six chapters. Chapter I outlines Lewis’ theory, the motivations for impossible worlds, and the central problem that such worlds present for GR: How can GR even understand the notion of an impossible world, given Lewis’ reductive theoretical framework? Since (...)
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  3. Knowledge in a Social World.Alvin Ira Goldman - 1999 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    Knowledge in a Social World offers a philosophy for the information age. Alvin Goldman explores new frontiers by creating a thoroughgoing social epistemology, moving beyond the traditional focus on solitary knowers. Against the tides of postmodernism and social constructionism Goldman defends the integrity of truth and shows how to promote it by well-designed forms of social interaction. From science to education, from law to democracy, he shows why and how public institutions should seek knowledge-enhancing practices. The result is a bold, (...)
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  4.  43
    When Children Are More Logical Than Adults: Experimental Investigations of Scalar Implicature.Ira A. Noveck - 2001 - Cognition 78 (2):165-188.
    A conversational implicature is an inference that consists in attributing to a speaker an implicit meaning that goes beyond the explicit linguistic meaning of an utterance. This paper experimentallyinvestigates scalar implicature, a paradigmatic case of implicature in which a speaker's use of a term like Some indicates that the speaker had reasons not to use a more informative one from the samescale, e.g. All; thus, Some implicates Not all. Pragmatic theorists like Grice would predict that a pragmatic interpretation is determined (...)
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  5. Killing Baby Suzy.Ira Kiourti - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 139 (3):343-352.
    In her (1996) Kadri Vihvelin argues that autoinfanticide is nomologically impossible and so that there is no sense in which time travelers are able to commit it. In response, Theodore Sider (2002) defends the original Lewisian verdict (Lewis 1976) whereby, on a common understanding of ability, time travelers are able to kill their earlier selves and their failure to do so is merely coincidental. This paper constitutes a critical note on arguments put forward by both Sider and Vihvelin. I argue (...)
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  6.  31
    Appraisal Determinants of Discrete Emotions.Ira J. Roseman - 1991 - Cognition and Emotion 5 (3):161-200.
  7.  58
    Emotional Behaviors, Emotivational Goals, Emotion Strategies: Multiple Levels of Organization Integrate Variable and Consistent Responses.Ira J. Roseman - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (4):434-443.
    Researchers have found undeniable variability and irrefutable evidence of consistencies in emotional responses across situations, individuals, and cultures. Both must be acknowledged in constructing adequate, enduring models of emotional phenomena. In this article I outline an empirically-grounded model of the structure of the emotion system, in which relatively variable actions may be used to pursue relatively consistent goals within discrete emotion syndromes; the syndromes form a stable, coherent set of strategies for coping with crises and opportunities. I also discuss a (...)
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  8. Experimental Pragmatics: A Gricean Turn in the Study of Language.Ira A. Noveck & Anne Reboul - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (11):425-431.
  9.  26
    Appraisal Determinants of Emotions: Constructing a More Accurate and Comprehensive Theory.Ira J. Roseman - 1996 - Cognition and Emotion 10 (3):241-278.
  10.  52
    Perceived Order in Different Sense Modalities.Ira J. Hirsh & Carl E. Sherrick Jr - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (5):423.
  11.  11
    Appraisal in the Emotion System: Coherence in Strategies for Coping.Ira J. Roseman - 2013 - Emotion Review 5 (2):141-149.
    Emotions can be understood as a coherent, integrated system of general-purpose coping strategies, guided by appraisal, for responding to situations of crisis and opportunity (when specific-purpose motivational systems may be less effective). This perspective offers functional explanations for the presence of particular emotions in the emotion repertoire, and their elicitation by particular appraisal combinations. Implications of the Emotion System model for debated issues, such as the dimensional vs. discrete nature of appraisals and emotions, are also discussed.
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  12.  13
    Religion, Society, and Utopia in Nineteenth Century America.Ira L. Mandelker - 1992 - Utopian Studies 3 (1):160-162.
  13.  16
    Profits with Principles: Seven Strategies for Delivering Value with Values.Ira A. Jackson - 2004 - Currency/Doubleday.
    In the wake of business scandals at Enron, Arthur Andersen, Global Crossing, Tyco—the list grows daily—there is an increasing sense among employees, executives, investors, and the public that the “anything goes” culture of the New Economy is over. Today, businesses must act responsibly, transparently, and with integrity. Using in-depth case studies and examples from over 50 companies that range from Starbucks to Citigroup, General Motors to General Electric, DuPont to Dell, Ira A. Jackson, former director of the Center for Business (...)
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  14.  50
    From Authority to Authenticity: Iras and Zygon in New Contexts.Willem B. Drees - 2015 - Zygon 50 (2):439-454.
    In the 60 years since IRAS was founded, and the 50 years since Zygon: Journal of Religion and Science started, science has developed enormously. More important, though less obvious, the character of religion has changed, at least in Western countries. Church membership has gone down considerably. This is not due to arguments, for example, about science and atheism, but reflects a change in sources of authority. Rather than the traditional and communal authority, an individualism that emphasizes “authenticity” characterizes religion and (...)
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  15.  20
    Appraisals Cause Experienced Emotions: Experimental Evidence.Ira Roseman & Andreas Evdokas - 2004 - Cognition and Emotion 18 (1):1-28.
  16.  12
    Failure to See Money on a Tree: Inattentional Blindness for Objects That Guided Behavior.Ira E. Hyman, Benjamin A. Sarb & Breanne M. Wise-Swanson - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  17.  6
    Transformative Events: Appraisal Bases of Passion and Mixed Emotions.Ira J. Roseman - 2017 - Emotion Review 9 (2):133-139.
    Mixed emotions are conceptualized as involving the co-occurrence of states opposite in valence. One might expect that combinations of opposites would show diminished overall emotion intensity. But is this always the case? If not, when will mixed emotions be characterized by high intensity, and when by low intensity? In this article, theories of emotion-eliciting appraisal and emotion intensity are employed to understand mixed emotions and phenomena of passion. It is proposed that intense emotions are produced by transformative events: perceived motive-relevant (...)
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  18.  4
    Awareness, False Recognition, and the Jacoby-Whitehouse Effect.Ira H. Bernstein & Kenneth R. Welch - 1991 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 120 (3):324-328.
  19.  44
    Sceptical Theism and Moral Scepticism.Ira M. Schnall - 2007 - Religious Studies 43 (1):49-69.
    Several theists have adopted a position known as ‘sceptical theism ’, according to which God is justified in allowing suffering, but the justification is often beyond human comprehension. A problem for sceptical theism is that if there are unknown justifications for suffering, then we cannot know whether it is right for a human being to relieve suffering. After examining several proposed solutions to this problem, I conclude that one who is committed to a revealed religion has a simpler and more (...)
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  20. Rhetorical Humanism Vs. Object-Oriented Ontology: The Ethics of Archimedean Points and Levers.Ira Allen - 2014 - Substance 43 (3):67-87.
    Archimedes of Syracuse has long provided a touchstone for considering how we make and acquire knowledge. Since the early Roman chroniclers of Archimedes’ life, and especially intensively since Descartes, scholars have described, sought, or derided the Archimedean point, defining and redefining its epistemic role. “Knowledge,” at least within modernity, is rhetorically tied to the figure of the Archimedean point, a place somewhere outside a regular and constrained world of experience. If this figure still leads to useful ways of thinking about (...)
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  21. The Principle of Alternate Possibilities and ‘Ought’ Implies ‘Can’.Ira M. Schnall - 2001 - Analysis 61 (4):335–340.
  22.  18
    Effects of Some Variations in Auditory Input Upon Visual Choice Reaction Time.Ira H. Bernstein & Barry A. Edelstein - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 87 (2):241.
  23.  29
    Conscious Control and Memory Awareness When Recognising Famous Faces.Ira Konstantinou & John M. Gardiner - 2005 - Memory 13 (5):449-457.
    We describe an experiment that investigated levels-of-processing effects in recognition memory for famous faces. The degree of conscious control over the recognition decisions was manipulated by using a response deadline procedure, and memory awareness associated with those decisions was assessed using a standard remember-know paradigm. Levels-of-processing effects were found at both short and long response deadlines, and at both deadlines those effects occurred only in remembering. Moreover, knowing, as well as remembering, increased with the greater opportunity for conscious control over (...)
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  24.  92
    Linguistic-Pragmatic Factors in Interpreting Disjunctions.Ira A. Noveck, Gennaro Chierchia, Florelle Chevaux, Raphaelle Guelminger & Emmanuel Sylvestre - 2002 - Thinking and Reasoning 8 (4):297 – 326.
    The connective or can be treated as an inclusive disjunction or else as an exclusive disjunction. Although researchers are aware of this distinction, few have examined the conditions under which each interpretation should be anticipated. Based on linguistic-pragmatic analyses, we assume that interpretations are initially inclusive before either (a) remaining so, or (b) becoming exclusive by way of an implicature ( but not both ). We point to a class of situations that ought to predispose disjunctions to inclusive interpretations and (...)
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  25.  24
    Concluding Commentary: Schadenfreude, Gluckschmerz, Jealousy, and Hate—What (and When, and Why) Are the Emotions?Ira J. Roseman & Amanda K. Steele - 2018 - Emotion Review 10 (4):327-340.
    Schadenfreude, gluckschmerz, jealousy, and hate are distinctive emotional phenomena, understudied and deserving of increased attention. The authors of this special section have admirably synthesized large literatures, describing major characteristics, eliciting conditions, and functions. We discuss the contributions of each article as well as the issues they raise for theories of emotions and some remaining questions, and suggest ways in which these might be profitably addressed.
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  26. The Direct Argument and the Burden of Proof.Ira M. Schnall & David Widerker - 2012 - Analysis 72 (1):25-36.
    Peter van Inwagen's Direct Argument (DA) for incompatibilism purports to establish incompatibilism with respect to moral responsibility and determinism without appealing to assumptions that compatibilists usually consider controversial. Recently, Michael McKenna has presented a novel critique of DA. McKenna's critique raises important issues about philosophical dialectics. In this article, we address those issues and contend that his argument does not succeed.
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  27.  47
    Hume’s Extreme Skepticism in Treatise I IV 7.Ira Singer - 1995 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25 (4):595-622.
    This paper explores two aspects of Hume's skeptical crisis in the conclusion to _Treatise<D> Book I: his involved personal experience of the crisis, and his detached naturalistic reflection on it. I discuss several distinct states of mind reported in the text, ranging from extreme skepticism that rejects all belief, to natural dogmatism that rejects all reflection, to mitigated skepticism that tries to reconcile reflection and belief. I argue against interpretations according to which Hume's skepticism supports his naturalism, and I suggest (...)
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  28.  12
    Dies Irae.Jean-Luc Nancy - 2017 - Rivista di Estetica 65:42-78.
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  29.  13
    Comment: Frameworks for Theory and Research on Positive Emotions.Ira J. Roseman - 2017 - Emotion Review 9 (3):238-244.
    Contributions to this special section on positive emotions are summarized and integrated within a framework for organizing theory and research on particular emotions. Emotions are conceptualized as evolved strategies for coping with crises and opportunities, elicited by situational and appraisal antecedents–with phenomenological, physiological, expressive, behavioral, and emotivational goal components. Within this framework, theories are compared, inconsistencies and gaps in knowledge are identified, and issues in emotion theory are discussed.
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  30. Constancy, Coherence, and Causality.Ira M. Schnall - 2004 - Hume Studies 30 (1):33-50.
    According to David Hume, we believe in the existence of an external world because of the phenomena of constancy and coherence. Hume delineated these two aspects of our sensory experience, and claimed that they influence the imagination in such a way as to generate belief in the existence of unperceived objects, independent of the mind. There is disagreement among philosophers as to the proper way to characterize constancy and coherence and the ways in which they respectively lead us to believe (...)
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  31.  41
    The “Ghosts” of Iras Past and the Changing Cultural Context of Religion and Science.Karl E. Peters - 2015 - Zygon 50 (2):329-360.
    Beginning with our cosmic ancestors and the 1950s ancestors of Institute on Religion in an Age of Science, this essay highlights the wider, post-World War II cultural context, including other science and religion organizations, in which IRAS was formed. It then considers eight challenges from today's context. From the context of science there are the challenge of scale that leads us to question our place in the scheme of things and can lead to a challenge to morale concerning whether we (...)
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  32.  8
    Can Others Exercise an Incapacitated Patient's Right to Die?Ira Mark Ellman - 1990 - Hastings Center Report 20 (1):47-50.
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  33.  5
    [Book Review] Dying Well, the Prospect for Growth at the End of Life. [REVIEW]Ira Byock - 2000 - Hastings Center Report 30 (2):44-47.
  34.  19
    Dying with Dignity.Ira Byock - 2010 - Hastings Center Report 40 (2):3-3.
  35.  10
    The Status of Structuration Theory: A Reply to McLennan.Ira Cohen - 1986 - Theory, Culture and Society 3 (1):123-134.
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  36.  24
    Artificial Intelligence, Language, and the Study of Knowledge*,†.Ira Goldstein & Seymour Papert - 1977 - Cognitive Science 1 (1):84-123.
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  37.  31
    Ignorance and Blame.Ira M. Schnall - 2004 - Philosophical Topics 32 (1/2):307-329.
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  38.  28
    Nature Breaks Down: Hume’s Problematic Naturalism in Treatise I Iv.Ira Singer - 2000 - Hume Studies 26 (2):225-243.
    1. Readers of Hume, even those who call attention to the depth and variety of his skeptical excursions, now happily admit that Hume is, in crucial respects, a “naturalist.” A naturalist is, broadly, someone who emphasizes the natural sources of our beliefs, attitudes, and practices; and Hume surely is at least this kind of naturalist. But understanding Hume’s naturalism to include only this general explanatory commitment obscures as much as it reveals, I will argue, about the text of Treatise I (...)
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  39.  7
    The Oxford Encyclopaedia of the Modern Islamic World.Ira M. Lapidus & John L. Esposito - 1997 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 117 (2):390.
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  40.  44
    The Thought of Chang Tsai (1020-1077).Ira E. Kasoff - 1984 - Cambridge University Press.
    Chang Tsai is one of the three major Chinese philosophers who, in the eleventh century, revitalised Confucian thought after centuries of stagnation and formed the foundation for the neo-Confucian thinking that was predominant till the nineteenth century. The book analyses in depth Chang's views of man, his nature and endowments, the cosmos, heaven and earth, the problems of learning and self cultivation, the ideal of the sage - and how that ideal might be attained. It looks at the intellectual climate (...)
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  41.  16
    Freedom and Revision.Ira Singer - 2002 - Southwest Philosophy Review 18 (2):25-44.
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  42.  7
    Foucault and His Interlocutors.Arnold Ira Davidson (ed.) - 1997 - University of Chicago Press.
    Containing the debate between Michel Foucault and Noam Chomsky on epistemology and politics, this book also features the most significant essays by the most important French thinkers who influenced and were influenced by Foucault. Foucault's teachers, colleagues, and collaborators take up his major claims, from his first to final works, and provide us with the authoritative context in which to understand Foucault's writings. This volume also includes several important works by Foucault previously unpublished in English. The other contributors are Georges (...)
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  43.  28
    Autonomy and Credibility: Voice as Method.Ira J. Cohen & Mary F. Rogers - 1994 - Sociological Theory 12 (3):304-318.
    Although little noticed by practicing theorists, narrative voice influences theoretical work. This essay presents a demonstration of voice as method, concentrating on brief segments of works by Garfinkel and Goffman. We attend to two methodological themes: how theorists use voice to establish intellectual autonomy, and how the use of voice influences credibility with readers. Garfinkel maximizes his autonomy by using narrative techniques that isolate him from his readers, and produce little common context with them as a result. Goffman maintains a (...)
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  44.  22
    Nature Breaks Down: Hume’s Problematic Naturalism in Treatise I Iv.Ira Singer - 2000 - Hume Studies 26 (2):225-243.
    1. Readers of Hume, even those who call attention to the depth and variety of his skeptical excursions, now happily admit that Hume is, in crucial respects, a “naturalist.” A naturalist is, broadly, someone who emphasizes the natural sources of our beliefs, attitudes, and practices; and Hume surely is at least this kind of naturalist. But understanding Hume’s naturalism to include only this general explanatory commitment obscures as much as it reveals, I will argue, about the text of Treatise I (...)
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  45.  10
    Author Reply: On the Frontiers of Appraisal Theory.Ira J. Roseman - 2013 - Emotion Review 5 (2):187-188.
    The special section commentators take us to the frontiers of appraisal theory. Following their lead, I discuss cross-cultural commonalities, domain-specific appraisals, individual differences, nonappraisal determinants, and a blueprint for the appraising brain.
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  46. Assessment of the Effectiveness of a Pet Facilitated Therapy Program in a Nursing Home Setting.Ira B. Perelle & Diane A. Granville - 1993 - Society and Animals 1 (1):91-100.
    In the past twenty years Pet Facilitated Therapy has been used, apparently successfully, with several populations, including nursing home residents. Studies report positive behavior changes as a result of PFT intervention, but little effort has been made to quantify such behavior changes. This study presents the results of a PFT program in a nursing home setting. Results were positive, and were measured using the Patient Social Behavior Scale, designed for this study. Nursing home residents showed an increase of social behaviors (...)
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  47.  81
    Weak Reasons-Responsiveness Meets its Match: In Defense of David Widerker’s Attack on PAP.Ira M. Schnall - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 150 (2):271 - 283.
    David Widerker, long an opponent of Harry Frankfurt's attack on the Principle of Alternative Possibilities (PAP), has recently come up with his own Frankfurt-style scenario which he claims might well be a counterexample to PAP. Carlos Moya has argued that this new scenario is not a counterexample to PAP, because in it the agent is not really blameworthy, since he lacks weak reasonsresponsiveness (WRR), a property that John Fischer has argued is a necessary condition of practical rationality, and hence of (...)
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  48. Paulo Freire's critical pedagogy.Ira Shor & Education Is Politics - 1993 - In Peter McLaren & Peter Leonard (eds.), Paulo Freire: A Critical Encounter. Routledge.
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  49.  15
    Intersensory Versus Intrasensory Contingent Information Processing.Ira H. Bernstein, Ned N. Pederson & Donald L. Schurman - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 94 (2):156.
  50.  6
    Sex, Race, and Psychomotor Reminiscence.R. B. Payne & Ira D. Turkat - 1982 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 19 (6):336-338.
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