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3061 found
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  1. added 2020-05-23
    Democracy and the Limits of Political Realism.Roberto Frega - 2020 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 23 (4):468-494.
  2. added 2020-05-18
    A Utopian Fallacy? Political Power in Rawls’s Political Liberalism.Shaun Young - 1999 - Journal of Social Philosophy 30 (1):174-193.
  3. added 2020-05-16
    Rawls and Political Realism: Realistic Utopianism or Judgement in Bad Faith?Alan Thomas - 2017 - European Journal of Political Theory 16 (3):304-324.
    Political realism criticises the putative abstraction, foundationalism and neglect of the agonistic dimension of political practice in the work of John Rawls. This paper argues that had Rawls not fully specified the implementation of his theory of justice in one particular form of political economy then he would be vulnerable to a realist critique. But he did present such an implementation: a property-owning democracy. An appreciation of Rawls s specificationist method undercuts the realist critique of his conception of justice as (...)
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  4. added 2020-05-16
    Idealism, Realism, and Immigration: David Miller’s Strangers in Our Midst.Phil Parvin - 2017 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 20 (6):697-706.
  5. added 2020-05-16
    On David Miller on Immigration Control.Chandran Kukathas - 2017 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 20 (6):712-718.
  6. added 2020-05-15
    Review: Jeremy Waldron, Political Political Theory. [REVIEW]David Runciman - 2016 - European Journal of Political Theory 18 (3):147488511667113.
    This collection seeks to ground political theory in the study of institutions, particularly the constitutional relationship between different branches of government. It makes the case that ‘constit...
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  7. added 2020-05-15
    Hobbes and Political Realism.Robin Douglass - 2016 - European Journal of Political Theory 19 (2):147488511667748.
    Thomas Hobbes has recently been cast as one of the forefathers of political realism. This article evaluates his place in the realist tradition by focusing on three key themes: the priority of legit...
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  8. added 2020-05-15
    Political Realism and Moral Corruption.Alison McQueen - 2016 - European Journal of Political Theory 19 (2):147488511666482.
    Political realism is frequently criticised as a theoretical tradition that amounts to little more than a rationalisation of the status quo and an apology for power. This paper responds to this crit...
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  9. added 2020-05-10
    Political Normativity and the Functional Autonomy of Politics.Carlo Burelli - forthcoming - European Journal of Political Theory:147488512091850.
    This article argues for a new interpretation of the realist claim that politics is autonomous from morality and involves specific political values. First, this article defends an original normative source: functional normativity. Second, it advocates a substantive functional standard: political institutions ought to be assessed by their capacity to select and implement collective decisions. Drawing from the ‘etiological account’ in philosophy of biology, I will argue that functions yield normative standards, which are independent from morality. For example, a ‘good heart’ (...)
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  10. added 2020-05-10
    Political Irrationality, Utopianism, and Democratic Theory.Aaron Ancell - 2019 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 19 (1):3-21.
    People tend to be biased and irrational about politics. Should this constrain what our normative theories of democracy can require? David Estlund argues that the answer is ‘no’. He contends that even if such facts show that the requirements of a normative theory are very unlikely to be met, this need not imply that the theory is unduly unrealistic. I argue that the application of Estlund’s argument to political irrationality depends on a false presupposition: mainly, that being rational about politics (...)
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  11. added 2020-05-10
    The Rise of the Homme Machine: Carl Schmitt’s Critique of Biotechnology and Utopias.Ville Suuronen - 2019 - Political Theory:009059171989083.
    This essay argues that Carl Schmitt’s postwar writings offer an original critique of biotechnology and utopian thinking. Examining the classics of utopian literature from Plato to Thomas More and Aldous Huxley, Schmitt illustrates the rise of utopianism that aims to transform human nature and even produce an artificial “human-machine.” Schmitt discovers a counterimage to the emerging era of biotechnology from a katechontic form of Christianity and maintains that human beings must recognize their shared humanity in God, warning us that without (...)
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  12. added 2020-05-10
    Democracy and the Limits of Political Realism.Roberto Frega - 2018 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-28.
  13. added 2020-05-09
    Levinas and the question of politics.Robert Froese - 2020 - Contemporary Political Theory 19 (1):1-19.
    Recent political critiques and appropriations of Emmanuel Levinas’ work demonstrate the need to fundamentally re-evaluate the meaning and status of his philosophy. Both the Marxist critiques and ‘third wave’ applications interpret Levinas’ singular and unique relation to others—a bond which prohibits even the slightest trace of historical, hermeneutic, or political context—as the greatest obstacle to a Levinasian politics. From this standpoint, Levinas offers little more than a hyperbolic ethics that, at best, ignores, and, at worst, provides philosophical cover for, the (...)
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  14. added 2020-05-09
    Being Realistic and Demanding the Impossible.Enzo Rossi - 2019 - Constellations 26 (4):638-652.
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  15. added 2020-05-08
    Review: Envisioning Real Utopias by Erik Olin Wright. [REVIEW]David Ellerman - 2018 - Cosmos + Taxis 5:94-103.
    This article is a review of Erik Olin Wright’s 2010 book Envisioning Real Utopias. The review focuses on certain topics such as his understanding of ‘capitalism,’ his conception of worker cooperatives, and the general issues surrounding markets, the Left, and Marxism.
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  16. added 2020-05-06
    Can Realism Save Us From Populism? Rousseau in the Digital Age.Ilaria Cozzaglio - forthcoming - European Journal of Political Theory:147488512090692.
    In 2016, the Five Stars Movement, one of the parties currently in power in Italy, launched the ‘Rousseau platform’. This is a platform meant to enhance direct democracy, transparency and the...
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  17. added 2020-05-06
    Smashing the State Gently: Radical Realism and Realist Anarchism.Gearóid Brinn - 2019 - European Journal of Political Theory 19 (2):206-227.
    The revival of realism in political theory has included efforts to challenge realism’s conservative reputation and argue that radical forms are possible. Nonetheless these efforts have been critici...
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  18. added 2020-05-06
    Who’s the Realest?Derek Edyvane - 2019 - European Journal of Political Theory 19 (2):281-290.
    The revival of interest in realism in political theory is comprehensively explored in Politics Recovered, a major new volume of 14 original essays edited by Matt Sleat. Wide-ranging and engaging th...
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  19. added 2020-05-06
    Political Realism and Moral Corruption.Alison McQueen - 2016 - European Journal of Political Theory 19 (2):141-161.
    Political realism is frequently criticised as a theoretical tradition that amounts to little more than a rationalisation of the status quo and an apology for power. This paper responds to this criticism by defending three connected claims. First, it acknowledges the moral seriousness of rationalisation, but argues that the problem is hardly particular to political realists. Second, it argues that classical International Relations realists like EH Carr and Hans Morgenthau have a profound awareness of the corrupting effects of rationalisation and (...)
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  20. added 2020-05-06
    Hobbes and Political Realism.Robin Douglass - 2016 - European Journal of Political Theory 19 (2):250-269.
    Thomas Hobbes has recently been cast as one of the forefathers of political realism. This article evaluates his place in the realist tradition by focusing on three key themes: the priority of legitimacy over justice, the relation between ethics and politics, and the place of imagination in politics. The thread uniting these themes is the importance Hobbes placed on achieving a moral consensus around peaceful coexistence, a point which distances him from realists who view the two as competing goals of (...)
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  21. added 2020-04-24
    Review of Nomos LXI: Political Legitimacy. [REVIEW]Enzo Rossi - forthcoming - Perspectives on Politics.
  22. added 2020-04-21
    पृथ्वी पर नर्क में आपका स्वागत है: शिशुओं, जलवायु परिवर्तन, बिटकॉइन, कार्टेल, चीन, लोकतंत्र, विविधता, समानता, हैकर्स, मानव अधिकार, इस्लाम, उदारवाद, समृद्धि, वेब, अराजकता, भुखमरी, बीमारी, हिंसा, कृत्रिम बुद्धिमत्ता, युद्ध.Michael Richard Starks - 2020 - Ls Vegas, NV USA: Reality Press.
    अमेरिका और दुनिया अत्यधिक जनसंख्या वृद्धि से पतन की प्रक्रिया में हैं, यह सबसे पिछली सदी के लिए और अब यह सब 3 दुनिया के लोगों के कारण । संसाधनों की खपत और एक या दो अरब अधिक सीए के अलावा औद्योगिक सभ्यता का पतन होगा और भुखमरी, बीमारी, हिंसा और युद्ध को चौंका देने वाले पैमाने पर लाएगा । अरबों मर जाएगा और परमाणु युद्ध सब लेकिन निश्चित है । अमेरिका में यह बेहद बड़े पैमाने पर आव्रजन और आप्रवासी (...)
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  23. added 2020-04-13
    In Search of Shangri-La: The Utopian Representation of Tibet in An Yiru’s The Sun and the Moon.Jin Hao - 2020 - Utopian Studies 31 (1):1-24.
    In 1997, Louisa Schein published her famous article "Gender and Internal Orientalism in China," in which she modified Edward Said's theory of orientalism and transplanted it into the study of ethnicity in contemporary China. According to Schein, Chinese society develops an orientalist view of non-Han people and consumes their ethnic cultures as cultural commodities, which clearly denotes the power of the center over the periphery. While fully acknowledging internal orientalism as a problem, I realize that Schein's theoretical framework, without paying (...)
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  24. added 2020-04-13
    The Necessity of Hope in Dystopian Times: A Critical Reflection.Tom Moylan - 2020 - Utopian Studies 31 (1):164-193.
    Dystopias matter because they make us think. They help us to imagine and envisage how the present can change into something very nasty. … Dystopias thus interrogate the now and offer warnings and sometimes prophecies about the future; they are often the jeremiads of utopianism. But sometimes they offer glimmers of hope.One way of being anti-anti-utopian is to be utopian. It's crucial to keep imagining that things could get better, and furthermore to imagine how they might get better. … So (...)
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  25. added 2020-04-13
    A Useable Past, Vol. 1. Victorian Agitator, George Jacob Holyoake: Co-Operation as "This New Order of Life." by Stephen Yeo. [REVIEW]Michael Sanders - 2020 - Utopian Studies 31 (1):220-225.
    The British Cooperative movement offers a curious case of utopianism in which Robert Owen's program for total social and economic transformation finds its most durable, practical expression in a small shop founded by the "Rochdale Pioneers." The success of the Rochdale model created a national, then international, movement that improved the lives of many working-class people, in multiple ways, in the period between 1860 and 1950. However, despite its undeniable success, the British Cooperative movement increasingly adapted to, rather than transformed, (...)
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  26. added 2020-04-13
    The End of the End of the Earth by Jonathan Franzen.Lisa Garforth - 2020 - Utopian Studies 31 (1):206-209.
    Jonathan Franzen's The End of the End of the Earth is a collection of essays about climate change, nature conservation, and contemporary culture. They are good essays. But they left me with no new ways to think with about environment, climate, and the future. Perhaps this is the point. The "personal essay," Franzen reminds us, is a form of "honest self-examination and sustained engagement with ideas" within the structure of a "personal and subjective micronarrative". Its value lies not so much (...)
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  27. added 2020-04-13
    Fast and Slow Bicycle Utopias.Cosmin Popan - 2020 - Utopian Studies 31 (1):118-141.
    The resurgence of everyday cycling in the last decades across Western cities has engendered lively debates concerning its increasingly relevant role in innovating urban movement toward more sustainable futures. Most cities are building provisions and drafting plans to become more "cycle friendly," and "cycling indexes" are regularly used to rank the best-performing of them, while the World Health Organization has developed a health economic assessment tool to assist evidence-based decision making for cycling investments.1 Meanwhile, the number of cyclists in certain (...)
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  28. added 2020-04-13
    Black Utopia: The History of an Idea From Black Nationalism to Afrofuturism by Alex Zamalin.David A. Lemke - 2020 - Utopian Studies 31 (1):216-220.
    Alex Zamalin's Black Utopia: The History of an Idea from Black Nationalism to Afrofuturism offers the most thorough scholarly survey of African American utopian literature currently available. The scope of the project is ambitious—the book's chapters proceed chronologically from the genre's utopian beginnings in Martin Delany's Blake; Or, the Huts of America, through the anti-utopian turn of the twentieth century found in texts such as George Schuyler's Black Empire, and concluding with the ambiguous utopias and heterotopias of Octavia Butler and (...)
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  29. added 2020-04-13
    The Legacies of Ursula K. Le Guin: Science, Fiction, and Ethics for the Anthropocene.Katie Stone - 2020 - Utopian Studies 31 (1):227-233.
    "The Legacies of Ursula K. Le Guin" was an exemplary interdisciplinary event that brought together scholars across the humanities with those working in science and technology studies. Supported by the Chaire Arts & Sciences, École Polytechnique, and Université Sorbonne Nouvelle, the conference gave utopian studies specialists the opportunity to converse with experts in the philosophy of science, critical ecologists, and political philosophers. Unlike other single-author events this conference was not the product of an existing community of Le Guin scholars, meaning (...)
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  30. added 2020-04-13
    The Dystopian Beyond: George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four.Ludmiła Gruszewska−Blaim - 2020 - Utopian Studies 31 (1):142-163.
    Regardless of its ontological status and seemingly subsidiary role, the beyond—real, oneiric, imaginary, or otherworldly—constitutes, I intend to argue, an indispensable and complementary component of any dystopian reality. Paradoxically, it may be claimed that what lies outside a given dystopia—beyond its impassable boundaries—determines, ultimately, whether we deal with the Orwellian or the Hollywood type of "bad world."1 Contrary to the latter, the former systematically compromises and eliminates one kind of the beyond after another, leaving its inhabitants with neither space nor (...)
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  31. added 2020-04-13
    African Americans and Utopia: Visions of a Better Life.Lyman Tower Sargent - 2020 - Utopian Studies 31 (1):25-96.
    If we are dissatisfied with our situation in life, we often dream of how our life could be improved. Most basically, we want a full stomach, decent clothing and housing, and a sense of security, and millions of people in the world today do not now have these things. Throughout American history, African Americans were kept from achieving this most basic decent life, let alone the more complex needs that become possible for those who fulfill the first needs. All the (...)
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  32. added 2020-04-13
    Robert Owen's Experiment at New Lanark: From Paternalism to Socialism by Ophélie Siméon.Chris Williams - 2020 - Utopian Studies 31 (1):209-215.
    Based on a 2013 doctoral thesis, Ophélie Siméon's volume in a series edited by Gregory Claeys represents an attempt to write a different kind of study of Robert Owen—"an intellectual biography through a sense of place" —that connects New Lanark more umbilically to his later endeavors. Her avowed intent is to approach this history "from below," utilizing newly available material from the New Lanark Trust archives as well as New Lanark records held at Glasgow University. That said, much of the (...)
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  33. added 2020-04-13
    The Anglo-Saxon New Negro: Sutton E. Griggs’s Anglo-Saxonism and the Quest for Cultural Paternity in Imperium in Imperio.William Tamplin - 2020 - Utopian Studies 31 (1):97-117.
    Sutton Elbert Griggs wrote the first major African-American political novel, Imperium in Imperio. Imperium is a utopian novel and the first novel to represent the New Negro, a figure that Alain Locke popularized a quarter of a century later. Griggs used the term New Negro to refer to a generation of educated black Americans born after emancipation, a multiplicity of voices that demanded equality at the turn of the twentieth century. The 1890s are often described as the nadir of race (...)
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  34. added 2020-04-13
    Moylan and Dystopia.Gregory Claeys - 2020 - Utopian Studies 31 (1):194-203.
    I am grateful to the editor of this journal for the opportunity to respond to Tom Moylan's comments on my Dystopia: A Natural History. There are some serious misapprehensions about my arguments in Moylan's treatment, as well as a failure to engage with some of the central themes of the book. Substantial differences also clearly exist between my approach and Moylan's approach to the subject of dystopia and indeed to scholarly engagement in general. Illuminating these further might well assist students (...)
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  35. added 2020-02-11
    News From Nowhere; or, an Epoch of Rest.William Morris.P. H. Wicksteed - 1891 - International Journal of Ethics 2 (1):132-133.
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  36. added 2020-02-06
    Utopia and Its Enemies. George Kateb.Glenn Negley - 1968 - Ethics 78 (2):167-168.
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  37. added 2019-12-18
    Resilient Evil: Neoliberal Technologies of the Self and Population in Zombie "Demodystopia".Andreu Domingo - 2019 - Utopian Studies 30 (3):444-461.
    In the twenty-first century, with steadily increasing production and consumption of the zombie genre, academic interest in it is also growing. Scholars seek to explain the phenomenon, frequently focusing on the living dead and mostly seeing the figure of the zombie as an expression of the anxieties besetting contemporary society. In particular, its popularity can be interpreted as a response to the escalating climate of terror since the 9/11 attacks in 2001, after which media reporting has routinely been permeated with (...)
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  38. added 2019-12-18
    A Free Country: Australians' Search for Utopia by David Kemp.Bill Metcalf - 2019 - Utopian Studies 30 (3):540-543.
    A Free Country: Australians’ Search for Utopia covers the years 1861–1901 and is the second of the five-volume series about what the publishers call “Australian liberalism.” The author is a well-known and respected Australian academic and was for some years a senior federal cabinet minister with portfolios in education, environment, and employment.This weighty tome provides superb coverage of the Australian continent’s political transformation from six more or less independent and competing British colonies into the independent nation of Australia in 1901. (...)
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  39. added 2019-12-18
    Gandhi's Ashrams: Residential Experiments for Universal Well-Being in South Africa and India.Karline McLain - 2019 - Utopian Studies 30 (3):462-485.
    Mohandas Karamchand “Mahatma” Gandhi is known around the world for his advocacy of nonviolent methods of resistance against British colonial rule in the effort to attain India’s independence. Lesser known are his experiments with alternative modernity conducted through the intentional living communities, which Gandhi would eventually call ashrams, that he established in South Africa and India. Yet at these communities the residents engaged in crucial small-scale experiments with the ideals and methods for enhancing life that Gandhi would then apply to (...)
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  40. added 2019-12-18
    The Awakenings of Charlotte Perkins Gilman.Andrew James Paravantes - 2019 - Utopian Studies 30 (3):505-530.
    “The sleeper awakes” is a convention of many literary utopias from the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The plots of Edward Bellamy’s Looking Backward, William Morris’s News from Nowhere, and H. G. Wells’sWhen the Sleeper Wakes all famously involve a sleeping modern everyman who awakens to a future where the conflicts and contradictions of the burgeoning capitalist society have been resolved. The Bleilers identify dozens of other speculative novels from the same period employing this very device, such as William (...)
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  41. added 2019-12-18
    On the Philosophy of Trembling: Negen-U-Topia, Sun Death, Ecosophy.Joff P. N. Bradley - 2019 - Utopian Studies 30 (3):361-381.
    Here several utopian/dystopian thought experiments are proffered to explore the contemporary sheer dread in thinking otherwise than the contemporary unworld as it is.1 With reference to the 2017 BBC drama Hard Sun and the cosmological horror of a world without a sun, what is demonstrated is the contemporary incapacity of thought to think beyond the utopos of the unworld as it is. Hard Sun, an essentially failed science-fiction TV series, is contrasted with the satirical optimism of Gabriel Tarde’s Underground Man, (...)
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  42. added 2019-12-18
    Quando la Fantascienza È Donna by Eleonora Federici.Vita Fortunati - 2019 - Utopian Studies 30 (3):532-535.
    Quando la fantascienza è donna by Eleonora Federici is a book of many merits: its theoretical framework is informed by recent perspectives from gender studies, it boasts an extensive bibliography, and it is written in captivating and accessible prose. It is an intelligent book that fills an important gap in the literature, as few works on women science fiction writers have been published in Italian. Indeed, while much has been written on women’s science fiction in the English language, such a (...)
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  43. added 2019-12-18
    Negative Utopianism and Catastrophe in Margaret Atwood's MaddAddam Trilogy.Casey Jergenson - 2019 - Utopian Studies 30 (3):486-504.
    Dystopian and postapocalyptic narratives are often vectors for utopian hope in decidedly anti-utopian historical moments. The twenty-first century has, arguably, been such a moment. The association of utopianism with some of the most devastating political projects of the twentieth century, the plurality of existential threats looming over the globalized world, and the hegemony of global capitalism converge to form a cultural milieu inundated with grim visions of the future. These visions, however, have a stubborn tendency to gesture toward their negation: (...)
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  44. added 2019-12-18
    To Kill a Mockingjay: Katniss's Corrosive Queerness in the Hunger Games Trilogy.Ellen M. Rigsby & Lisa Manter - 2019 - Utopian Studies 30 (3):403-421.
    In Epistemology of the Closet, Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick explores the connection between the binaries of heterosexuality/homosexuality and the utopian/apocalyptic. In doing so, she exposes the commonplace of a “fantasy trajectory toward a life after the homosexual.”1 In this narrative model, once the queer has completed its function of purging the symbolic of its sins, the character is eliminated from the text as part of the emergence of a postnarrative hetero-normative utopia. In a similar vein, Lee Edelman’s “Against Survival: Queerness in (...)
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  45. added 2019-12-18
    Elements for a Theory of Utopia Production.Baptiste Brossard - 2019 - Utopian Studies 30 (3):422-443.
    What drives individuals to generate utopian fictions, and how does this process take place? From a sociological perspective, we can phrase this question as follows: Why and how, in a given society, at a given point of its history, do some individuals design some idealized forms of social organization? Surprisingly, the process through which utopias are produced has not been widely addressed in utopian studies.Indeed, four types of research question dominate this scholarship :First, following Engels’s critique of utopianism and Mannheim’s (...)
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  46. added 2019-12-18
    Ecology–Community–Spirituality: Holistic Lifestyles on the "Markets of Singularities".Rebekka R. Tibbe - 2019 - Utopian Studies 30 (3):549-552.
    After workshops on the topics “Handcraft and Spiritual Craftsmanship” and “Cure and Spiritual Healing,” the third and final interdisciplinary working conference of the German Research Foundation project “Markets of Singularities—Hybrid Religious Networks in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania” took place on March 22 and 23, 2019, at the University of Rostock under the title “Ecology–Community–Spirituality: Holistic Lifestyles on the ‘Markets of Singularities.’” For two days, a diverse group of scholars and leaders from the field attempted not only to define the organic sector and (...)
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  47. added 2019-12-18
    Smartopia—Geht Digitalisierung Auch Nachhaltig? Politische Ökologie.Susanne Grohs-Reichenbach - 2019 - Utopian Studies 30 (3):543-547.
    “Turn off all devices and look at the sky.” The 130 pages of this special edition of Politische ökologie: Die Reihe für Querdenker und Vordenkerinnen may require resilient readers. It is quite challenging to dive into the complexity of the issues at hand and digest the implications of the digitized society that we are faced with today. Maybe some nourishing snack should be in your reach while delving into the kaleidoscope of more than thirty contributions, which explore what might need (...)
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  48. added 2019-12-18
    Gender Models, Alternative Communities and Women's Utopianism by Gilberta Golinelli.Vita Fortunati - 2019 - Utopian Studies 30 (3):536-540.
    Gilberta Golinelli’s book is set within an important area of utopian studies that, from the 1990s, also via archival studies, started to focus on the numerous utopias penned by women in the early modern English period. The book, significantly titled Gender Models, Alternative Communities and Women’s Utopianism, analyzes some of the utopian writings by Margaret Cavendish, Aphra Behn, and Mary Astell. Golinelli did not choose to use the term utopianism on a whim, since the utopias of these authors are hybrids, (...)
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  49. added 2019-12-18
    Security and Identity in Jewish Utopias of the Late Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries.Philip Smith - 2019 - Utopian Studies 30 (3):382-402.
    They were all staunch Alaskan Jews, which meant they were utopians, which meant they saw imperfection everywhere they looked.Zionism and science fiction, Doreet LeVitte Harten argues, have historically been conjoined in that both are predicated upon colonial enterprise, both involve a process of expansion and progress, and both rely fundamentally on a sense of wonder: “This ‘sense of wonder’ is central to the idea of Zionism, and with it—the element of terror so central to the definition of the sublime. Embedded (...)
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  50. added 2019-10-18
    Are You Now or Have You Ever Been a Suvinian? Beyond the Moralizing Temptation; or, How Not to Read. Wegner - 2019 - Utopian Studies 30 (2):300.
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