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John R. Shook [76]John Robert Shook [1]
  1.  21
    Neuroethics and the Possible Types of Moral Enhancement.John R. Shook - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 3 (4):3-14.
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  2.  31
    A Principled and Cosmopolitan Neuroethics: Considerations for International Relevance.John R. Shook & James Giordano - 2014 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 9:1.
    Neuroethics applies cognitive neuroscience for prescribing alterations to conceptions of self and society, and for prescriptively judging the ethical applications of neurotechnologies. Plentiful normative premises are available to ground such prescriptivity, however prescriptive neuroethics may remain fragmented by social conventions, cultural ideologies, and ethical theories. Herein we offer that an objectively principled neuroethics for international relevance requires a new meta-ethics: understanding how morality works, and how humans manage and improve morality, as objectively based on the brain and social sciences. This (...)
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  3.  31
    Advancing Neuroscience on the 21st Century World Stage: The Need for - and Structure of - an Internationally-Relevant Neuroethics.Elisabetta Lanzilao, John R. Shook, Roland Benedikter & James Giordano - forthcoming - Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine.
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  4.  15
    Neuroethics Beyond Normal.John R. Shook & James Giordano - 2016 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 25 (1):121-140.
    :An integrated and principled neuroethics offers ethical guidelines able to transcend conventional and medical reliance on normality standards. Elsewhere we have proposed four principles for wise guidance on human transformations. Principles like these are already urgently needed, as bio- and cyberenhancements are rapidly emerging. Context matters. Neither “treatments” nor “enhancements” are objectively identifiable apart from performance expectations, social contexts, and civic orders. Lessons learned from disability studies about enablement and inclusion suggest a fresh way to categorize modifications to the body (...)
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  5.  21
    A Four-Part Working Bibliography of Neuroethics: Part 4 - Ethical Issues in Clinical and Social Applications of Neuroscience.Kira Becker, John R. Shook, Martina Darragh & James Giordano - 2017 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 12:1.
    BackgroundAs a discipline, neuroethics addresses a range of questions and issues generated by basic neuroscientific research, and its use and meanings in the clinical and social spheres. Here, we present Part 4 of a four-part bibliography of the neuroethics literature focusing on clinical and social applications of neuroscience, to include: the treatment-enhancement discourse; issues arising in neurology, psychiatry, and pain care; neuroethics education and training; neuroethics and the law; neuroethics and policy and political issues; international neuroethics; and discourses addressing "trans-" (...)
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  6.  10
    Minding Brain Science in Medicine: On the Need for Neuroethical Engagement for Guidance of Neuroscience in Clinical Contexts.James Giordano & John R. Shook - 2015 - Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine: An International Journal 6 (1-2):37-41.
  7.  13
    A four-part working bibliography of neuroethics: Part 4 - Ethical issues in clinical and social applications of neuroscience.Kira Becker, John R. Shook, Martina Darragh & James Giordano - 2017 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2017 12:1 12 (1):1.
    As a discipline, neuroethics addresses a range of questions and issues generated by basic neuroscientific research, and its use and meanings in the clinical and social spheres. Here, we present Part 4 of a four-part bibliography of the neuroethics literature focusing on clinical and social applications of neuroscience, to include: the treatment-enhancement discourse; issues arising in neurology, psychiatry, and pain care; neuroethics education and training; neuroethics and the law; neuroethics and policy and political issues; international neuroethics; and discourses addressing "trans-" (...)
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  8.  47
    A Companion to Pragmatism.John R. Shook & Joseph Margolis (eds.) - 2006 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    _A Companion to Pragmatism,_ comprised of 38 newly commissioned essays, provides comprehensive coverage of one of the most vibrant and exciting fields of philosophy today. Unique in depth and coverage of classical figures and their philosophies as well as pragmatism as a living force in philosophy. Chapters include discussions on philosophers such as John Dewey, Jürgen Habermas and Hilary Putnam.
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  9.  72
    Deweys Empirical Theory of Knowledge and Reality.John R. Shook - 2000 - Vanderbilt University Press.
    While previous studies of Dewey's work have taken either a historical or topical focus, Shook offers an innovative, organic approach to understanding Dewey and eloquently shows that Dewey's instrumentalism grew seamlessly out of his idealism. He argues that most current scholarship operates under a mistaken impression of Dewey's early philosophical positions.
  10. F. C. S. Schiller and European Pragmatism.John R. Shook - 2006 - In John R. Shook & Joseph Margolis (eds.), A Companion to Pragmatism. Blackwell.
     
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  11.  8
    Ethics Transplants? Addressing the Risks and Benefits of Guiding International Biomedicine.John R. Shook & James Giordano - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 8 (4):230-232.
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  12.  14
    John Dewey's Philosophy of Spirit: With the 1897 Lecture on Hegel.John R. Shook - 2010 - Fordham University Press.
    This book shows that, far from repudiating Hegel, Dewey's entire pragmatic philosophy is premised on a "philosophy of spirit" inspired by Hegel's project.
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  13. Deweys Empirical Theory of Knowledge and Reality.John R. Shook - 2000 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 37 (1):134-136.
     
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  14. Pragmatist Neurophilosophy: American Philosophy and the Brain.John R. Shook & Tibor Solymosi (eds.) - 2014 - Bloomsbury Academic.
     
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  15.  49
    Rationalist Atheology.John R. Shook - 2015 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 78 (3):329-348.
    Atheology, accurately defined by Alvin Plantinga, offers reasons why god’s existence is implausible. Skeptically reasoning that theological arguments for god fail to make their case is one way of leaving supernaturalism in an implausible condition. This ‘rationalist’ atheology appeals to logical standards to point out fallacies and other sorts of inferential gaps. Beyond that methodological marker, few shared tactics characterize atheists and agnostics stalking theological targets. If unbelief be grounded on reason, let atheology start from a theological stronghold: the principle (...)
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  16.  23
    The God Debates: A 21st Century Guide for Atheists and Believers (and Everyone in Between).John R. Shook - 2010 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    The God Debates presents a comprehensive, non-technical survey of the quest for knowledge of God, allowing readers to participate in a debate about the ...
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  17. The Direct Contextual Realism Theory of Perception.John R. Shook - 2003 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 17 (4):245-258.
  18.  14
    Erratum To: A Four-Part Working Bibliography of Neuroethics: Part 4 - Ethical Issues in Clinical and Social Applications of Neuroscience.Kira Becker, John R. Shook, Martina Darragh & James Giordano - 2017 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 12:2.
    Background As a discipline, neuroethics addresses a range of questions and issues generated by basic neuroscientific research, and its use and meanings in the clinical and social spheres. Here, we present Part 4 of a four-part bibliography of the neuroethics literature focusing on clinical and social applications of neuroscience, to include: the treatment-enhancement discourse; issues arising in neurology, psychiatry, and pain care; neuroethics education and training; neuroethics and the law; neuroethics and policy and political issues; international neuroethics; and discourses addressing (...)
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  19.  10
    Moral Enhancement? Acknowledging Limitations of Neurotechnology and Morality.John R. Shook & James Giordano - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 7 (2):118-120.
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  20.  88
    Larry Hickman, Pragmatism as Post-Postmodernism: Lessons From John Dewey. [REVIEW]John R. Shook - 2009 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 45 (1):109-114.
  21.  11
    The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers.John R. Shook & Richard T. Hull (eds.) - 2005 - Thoemmes Continuum.
    v. 1. A-C -- v. 2. D-J -- v. 3. K-Q -- v. 4. R-Z.
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  22. The Dictionary of Early American Philosophers.John R. Shook (ed.) - 2012 - Continuum.
  23. Dewey's Naturalized Philosophy of Spirit and Religion.John R. Shook - 2010 - In John Dewey's Philosophy of Spirit: With the 1897 Lecture on Hegel. Fordham University Press.
     
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  24.  50
    The Nature Philosophy of John Dewey.John R. Shook - 2017 - Dewey Studies 1 (1):13-43.
    John Dewey’s pragmatism and naturalism are grounded on metaphysical tenets describing how mind’s intelligence is thoroughly natural in its activity and productivity. His worldview is best classified as Organic Realism, since it descended from the German organicism and Naturphilosophie of Herder, Schelling, and Hegel which shaped the major influences on his early thought. Never departing from its tenets, his later philosophy starting with Experience and Nature elaborated a philosophical organon about science, culture, and ethics to fulfill his particular version of (...)
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  25.  16
    Consideration of Context and Meanings of Neuro-Cognitive Enhancement: The Importance of a Principled, Internationally Capable Neuroethics.John R. Shook & James Giordano - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 10 (1):48-49.
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  26. The God Debates: A 21st Century Guide for Atheists and Believers.John R. Shook - 2010 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    _The God Debates_ presents a comprehensive, non-technical survey of the quest for knowledge of God, allowing readers to participate in a debate about the existence of God and gain understanding and appreciation of religion?s conceptual foundations. Explains key arguments for and against God's existence in clear ways for readers at all levels Brings theological debates up to the present with current ideas from modernism, postmodernism, fideism, evidentialism, presuppositionalism, and mysticism Updates criticism of theology by dealing with the latest terms of (...)
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  27.  59
    Comparative Political Philosophy: Categorizing Political Philosophies Using Twelve Archetypes.John R. Shook - 2009 - Metaphilosophy 40 (5):633-655.
    Abstract: Comparative political philosophy can be stimulated by imposing a categorization scheme on possible varieties of political philosophies. This article develops a categorization scheme using four essential features of political philosophies, resulting in twelve archetypal political philosophies. The four essential features selected are a political philosophy's views concerning human nature, the proper function of morality, the best form of society, and the highest responsibility of citizenship. The twelve archetypal political philosophies range from the communal (Rousseau), the democratic (J. S. Mill), (...)
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  28. Pragmatism: An Annotated Bibliography 1898-1940.John R. Shook (ed.) - 1998 - Rodopi.
    Designed to fill a large gap in American philosophy scholarship, this bibliography covers the first four decades of the pragmatic movement. It references most of the philosophical works by the twelve major figures of pragmatism: Charles S. Peirce, William James, John Dewey, George H. Mead, F.C.S. Schiller, Giovanni Papini, Giovanni Vailati, Guiseppe Prezzolini, Mario Calderoni, A.W. Moore, John E. Boodin, and C.I. Lewis. It also includes writings of dozens of minor pragmatic writers, along with those by commentators and critics of (...)
     
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  29.  1
    Animal Polis, or, Why Ethics Cannot Rule Politics.John R. Shook - 2020 - Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture 4 (2):162-165.
    Preview: /Review: Martha Nussbaum, The Cosmopolitan Tradition: A Noble but Flawed Ideal, 310 pages./ For decades Martha Nussbaum allied herself whole-heartedly with cosmopolitanism. No longer. She appealed at length to the righteousness of Stoic cosmopolitanism in past publications such as Cultivating Humanity in 1997. Now, according to The Cosmopolitan Tradition, that founding ideal cannot be right. She presently advocates what may be called “ethical nationalism” since no system of political internationalism could be good enough. A reassessment of cosmopolitanism by this (...)
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  30.  17
    Is Moral Enhancement a Right, or a Threat to Rights?John R. Shook - 2018 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 83:209-231.
    Enhancements for morality could become technologically practical at the expense of becoming unethical and uncivil. A mode of moral enhancement intensifying a person's imposition of conformity upon others, labeled here as “moral righteousness”, is particularly problematic. Moral energies contrary to expansions of civil rights and liberties can drown out reasoned justifications for equality and freedom, delaying social progress. The technological capacity of moral righteousness in the hands of a majority could impose puritanical conformities and override some rights and liberties. Fortunately, (...)
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  31.  15
    John Dewey's Struggle with American Realism, 1904-1910.John R. Shook - 1995 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 31 (3):542 - 566.
  32.  28
    Entrepreneurship and Values in a Democratic and Pragmatic Economics: Commentary on 'A Transactional View of Entrepreneurship'.John R. Shook - 2003 - Journal of Economic Methodology 10 (2):181-190.
    Entrepreneurship cannot be explained by any economic theory that isolates innovation from ongoing social processes or locates creativity in a space of given, fixed values. Unfortunately, mainstream economics has committed these mistakes, rooted in instrumentalist and antidemocratic notions of consumption and rationality that permits reasoning only about means toward given ends. Genuine innovation is, on Dewey's pragmatic approach to values, the intelligent modification of both means and ends for experimental action. When joined to an appreciation that consumption is just a (...)
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  33.  11
    John Dewey and Edward Scribner Ames: Partners in Religious Naturalism.John R. Shook - 2007 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 28 (2):178 - 207.
  34.  12
    Panentheism and Peirce's God.John R. Shook - 2016 - Philosophy, Theology and the Sciences 3 (1):8.
  35.  6
    Ethical Contexts for the Future of Neuroethics.John R. Shook & James Giordano - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 10 (3):134-136.
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  36.  14
    Freedom Is as Freedom Does: Neuropragmatism, Neuroethics, and Free Will.John R. Shook - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 6 (2):28-30.
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  37.  57
    Peirce's Pragmatic Theology and Stoic Religious Ethics1.John R. Shook - 2011 - Journal of Religious Ethics 39 (2):344-363.
    Charles S. Peirce believed that his pragmatic philosophy could reconcile religion and science and that this reconciliation involves a religious ethics creating a real community with the cosmos and God. After some rival pragmatic approaches to God and religious belief inconsistent with Peirce's philosophy are set aside, his metaphysical plan for a reconciliation of religion and science is outlined. A panentheistic God makes the best match with his desired conclusions from the Neglected Argument for the reality of God, and this (...)
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  38. A Symposium on James Good's: A Search for Unity in Diversity.John R. Shook - 2008 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 44 (4):1-602.
     
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  39.  56
    Peter Hare on the Philosophy of Curt John Ducasse.John R. Shook - 2010 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 46 (1):47-52.
    Peter Hare published two books about philosophy, both co-authored with his colleague Edward Madden. The first was Evil and the Problem of God, while the second was titled Causing, Perceiving and Believing: An Examination of the Philosophy of C. J. Ducasse (Dordrecht, Holland: D. Reidel), published in 97 . Hare's choice of Ducasse for extended study tells us a great deal about Hare's own interests. Ducasse was a confessedly analytic philosopher who advocated several views extending classical American themes. From metaphysics (...)
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  40.  29
    William James.John R. Shook - 2012 - The Philosophers' Magazine 57 (57):57-59.
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  41.  45
    God's Justified Knowledge and the Hard-Soft Fact Distinction.John R. Shook - 2006 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 8:69-73.
    The distinction between hard and soft facts has been used by compatibilists to argue that God's divine foreknowledge is not incompatible with human free will. The debate over this distinction has ignored the question of the justification of divine knowledge. I argue that the distinction between hard and soft facts is illusory because the existence of soft facts presupposes that justification exists. Moreover, if the hard fact /soft fact distinction collapses, then God justifiably knows all future events, and human beings (...)
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  42.  31
    Paul Kurtz, Atheology, and Secular Humanism.John R. Shook - 2013 - Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism 21 (2):111-116.
    Paul Kurtz will be long remembered as the late twentieth century’s pre-eminent philosophical defender of freethinking rationalism and skepticism, the scientific worldview to replace superstition and religion, the healthy ethics of humanism, and democracy’s foundation in secularism. Reason, science, ethics, and civics – Kurtz repeatedly cycled through these affirmative agendas, not only to relegate religion to humanity’s ignorant past, but mainly to indicate the direction of humanity’s better future.
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  43.  24
    Abduction, Complex Inferences, and Emergent Heuristics of Scientific Inquiry.John R. Shook - 2016 - Axiomathes 26 (2):157-186.
    The roles of abductive inference in dynamic heuristics allows scientific methodologies to test novel explanations for the world’s ways. Deliberate reasoning often follows abductive patterns, as well as patterns dominated by deduction and induction, but complex mixtures of these three modes of inference are crucial for scientific explanation. All possible mixed inferences are formulated and categorized using a novel typology and nomenclature. Twenty five possible combinations among abduction, induction, and deduction are assembled and analyzed in order of complexity. There are (...)
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  44.  24
    Philosophy of Religion and Two Types of Atheology.John R. Shook - 2015 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 76 (1):1-19.
    Atheism is skeptical towards gods, and atheology advances philosophical positions defending the reasonableness of that rejection. The history of philosophy encompasses many unorthodox and irreligious movements of thought, and these varieties of unbelief deserve more exegesis and analysis than presently available. Going back to philosophy’s origins, two primary types of atheology have dominated the advancement of atheism, yet they have not cooperated very well. Materialist philosophies assemble cosmologies that leave nothing for gods to do, while skeptical philosophies find conceptions of (...)
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  45. The Chicago School of Pragmatism.John R. Shook - 2002 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 38 (4):698-704.
     
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  46.  26
    Boundaries of the Mind: The Individual in the Fragile Sciences – Cognition.John R. Shook - 2006 - Review of Metaphysics 59 (4):913-914.
    The internalism versus externalism debate in philosophy of mind has proceeded to a higher level, as Wilson’s remarkable book shows. Wilson describes how the metaphysical assumptions of internalism, which holds that minds are individuated by nervous systems without reference to anything external, must be seriously questioned. Many of these assumptions date from the nineteenth century, when psychology turned sharply individualistic in order to set up disciplinary boundaries against biology, sociology, and anthropology. However, these assumptions have become challengeable by the modified (...)
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  47.  19
    Conference on Neuroscience and Pragmatism: Productive Prospects.John R. Shook - 2011 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 6:14.
    The conference "Neuroscience and Pragmatism: Productive Prospects" was held on June 10, 2011 at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies in Arlington, Virginia.
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  48.  34
    Dewey's Empirical Naturalism and Pragmatic Metaphysics.John R. Shook - 2004 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 40 (4):731 - 742.
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  49.  14
    The Possibility of an Empirieist Naturalism: Dewey and Santayana.John R. Shook - 2003 - Overheard in Seville 21 (21):1-7.
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  50.  10
    Erratum to: A four-part working bibliography of neuroethics: Part 4 - Ethical issues in clinical and social applications of neuroscience.Kira Becker, John R. Shook, Martina Darragh & James Giordano - 2017 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2017 12:1 12 (1):2.
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