Results for 'Joseph C. Toscano'

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  1.  91
    Cue integration with categories: Weighting acoustic cues in speech using unsupervised learning and distributional statistics.Joseph C. Toscano & Bob McMurray - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (3):434.
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  2.  79
    Language as shaped by the brain; the brain as shaped by development.Joseph C. Toscano, Lynn K. Perry, Kathryn L. Mueller, Allison F. Bean, Marcus E. Galle & Larissa K. Samuelson - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):535-536.
    Though we agree with their argument that language is shaped by domain-general learning processes, Christiansen & Chater (C&C) neglect to detail how the development of these processes shapes language change. We discuss a number of examples that show how developmental processes at multiple levels and timescales are critical to understanding the origin of domain-general mechanisms that shape language evolution.
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  3. Benardete paradoxes, patchwork principles, and the infinite past.Joseph C. Schmid - 2024 - Synthese 203 (2):51.
    Benardete paradoxes involve a beginningless set each member of which satisfies some predicate just in case no earlier member satisfies it. Such paradoxes have been wielded on behalf of arguments for the impossibility of an infinite past. These arguments often deploy patchwork principles in support of their key linking premise. Here I argue that patchwork principles fail to justify this key premise.
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  4. Benardete Paradoxes, Causal Finitism, and the Unsatisfiable Pair Diagnosis.Joseph C. Schmid & Alex Malpass - forthcoming - Mind.
    We examine two competing solutions to Benardete paradoxes: causal finitism, according to which nothing can have infinitely many causes, and the unsatisfiable pair diagnosis (UPD), according to which such paradoxes are logically impossible and no metaphysical thesis need be adopted to avoid them. We argue that the UPD enjoys notable theoretical advantages over causal finitism. Causal finitists, however, have levelled two main objections to the UPD. First, they urge that the UPD requires positing a ‘mysterious force’ that prevents paradoxes from (...)
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  5.  11
    A Reply to Joseph C. Flay’s “Hegel’s Metaphysics”.Joseph C. Flay - 1993 - The Owl of Minerva 24 (2):153-161.
    The question of the nature of Hegel’s metaphysics is a continuing one. In the last few decades the idea that Hegel even has a metaphysics has been challenged. Recently Stephen Houlgate has responded to this latter idea and tried to show not only that Hegel has a metaphysics, but of what sort it is. In my view Houlgate is right about Hegel having a metaphysics and also right generally about what sort of metaphysics it is. However, it seems to me (...)
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  6. Joseph C. Kunkel -- right intention, deterrence, and nuclear alternatives.Joseph C. Kunkel - 1984 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 10 (3-4):143-155.
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  7. Symmetry Breakers for the Modal Ontological Argument.Joseph C. Schmid - manuscript
    The modal ontological argument (MOA) proceeds from God’s possible existence to God’s actual existence. A prominent objection to the MOA is that it suffers from a symmetry problem: an exactly parallel modal ontological argument can be given for God's non-existence. Several attempts have been made to break the symmetry between the arguments. This draft is a mostly comprehensive survey of those attempts. -/- The draft was initially written as a supplement to the 2024 Summer edition of the SEP entry on (...)
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  8. The End is Near: Grim Reapers and Endless Futures.Joseph C. Schmid - forthcoming - Mind.
    José Benardete developed a famous paradox involving a beginningless set of items each member of which satisfies some predicate just in case no earlier member satisfies it. The Grim Reaper version of this paradox has recently been employed in favor of various finitist metaphysical theses, ranging from temporal finitism to causal finitism to the discrete nature of time. Here, I examine a new challenge to these finitist arguments—namely, the challenge of implying that the future cannot be endless. In particular, I (...)
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  9.  11
    Comment by Joseph C. Flay.Joseph C. Flay - 1970 - Proceedings of the Hegel Society of America 1:142-146.
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  10.  57
    Theories of explanation.Joseph C. Pitt (ed.) - 1988 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Since the publication of Carl Hempel and Paul Oppenheim's ground-breaking work "Studies in the Logic of Explanation," the theory of explanation has remained a major topic in the philosophy of science. This valuable collection provides readers with the opportunity to study some of the classic essays on the theory of explanation along with the best examples of the most recent work being done on the topic. In addition to the original Hempel and Oppenheim paper, the volume includes Scriven's critical reaction (...)
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  11. Existential Inertia and Classical Theistic Proofs.Joseph C. Schmid & Dan Linford - 2023 - Cham, Switzerland: Springer.
    This book critically assesses arguments for the existence of the God of classical theism, develops an innovative account of objects’ persistence, and defends new arguments against classical theism. The authors engage the following classical theistic proofs: Aquinas’s First Way, Aquinas’s De Ente argument, and Feser’s Aristotelian, Neo-Platonic, Augustinian, Thomistic, and Rationalist proofs. The authors also provide the first systematic treatment of the ‘existential inertia thesis’. By connecting the thesis to relativity theory and recent developments in the philosophy of physics, and (...)
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  12. The aloneness argument against classical theism.Joseph C. Schmid & R. T. Mullins - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (2):1-19.
    We argue that there is a conflict among classical theism's commitments to divine simplicity, divine creative freedom, and omniscience. We start by defining key terms for the debate related to classical theism. Then we articulate a new argument, the Aloneness Argument, aiming to establish a conflict among these attributes. In broad outline, the argument proceeds as follows. Under classical theism, it's possible that God exists without anything apart from Him. Any knowledge God has in such a world would be wholly (...)
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  13. A Step-by-Step Argument for Causal Finitism.Joseph C. Schmid - 2023 - Erkenntnis 88 (5):2097-2122.
    I defend a new argument for causal finitism, the view that nothing can have an infinite causal history. I begin by defending a number of plausible metaphysical principles, after which I explore a host of novel variants of the Littlewood-Ross and Thomson’s Lamp paradoxes that violate such principles. I argue that causal finitism is the best solution to the paradoxes.
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  14. Symmetry's revenge.Joseph C. Schmid - 2023 - Analysis 83 (4):723-731.
    James Henry Collin recently developed a new symmetry breaker favouring the ontological argument’s possibility premiss over that of the reverse ontological argument. The symmetry breaker amounts to an undercutting defeater for the reverse possibility premiss based on Kripkean cases of a posteriori necessity. I argue, however, that symmetry re-arises in two forms. First, I challenge the purported asymmetry in epistemic entitlements to the original and reverse possibility premisses. Second, relevantly similar Kripkean cases equally undercut the original possibility premiss.
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  15. The fruitful death of modal collapse arguments.Joseph C. Schmid - 2021 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 91 (1):3-22.
    Modal collapse arguments are all the rage in certain philosophical circles as of late. The arguments purport to show that classical theism entails the absurdly fatalistic conclusion that everything exists necessarily. My first aim in this paper is bold: to put an end to action-based modal collapse arguments against classical theism. To accomplish this, I first articulate the ‘Simple Modal Collapse Argument’ and then characterize and defend Tomaszewski’s criticism thereof. Second, I critically examine Mullins’ new modal collapse argument formulated in (...)
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  16. Branching actualism and cosmological arguments.Joseph C. Schmid & Alex Malpass - 2023 - Philosophical Studies 180 (7):1951-1973.
    We draw out significant consequences of a relatively popular theory of metaphysical modality—branching actualism—for cosmological arguments for God’s existence. According to branching actualism, every possible world shares an initial history with the actual world and diverges only because causal powers (or dispositions, or some such) are differentially exercised. We argue that branching actualism undergirds successful responses to two recent cosmological arguments: the Grim Reaper Kalam argument and a modal argument from contingency. We also argue that branching actualism affords a response (...)
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  17.  23
    Galileo and His Sources: The Heritage of the Collegio Romano in Galileo's Science.Joseph C. Pitt - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 54 (1):138-140.
  18.  27
    Stimulus spacing and the judgment of loudness.Joseph C. Stevens - 1958 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 56 (3):246.
  19.  12
    Experimenter and reviewer bias.Joseph C. Witt & Michael J. Hannafin - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (2):243-244.
  20.  24
    Warmth and cold: Dynamics of sensory intensity.Joseph C. Stevens & S. S. Stevens - 1960 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 60 (3):183.
  21.  23
    Existentialism and Thomism.Joseph C. Mihalich - 1960 - New York,: Philosophical Library.
    Philosopher Joseph C. Mihalich introduces readers to the famous philosophical movements in his short guide Existentialism and Thomism.
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  22.  82
    The Epistemology of the Very Small.Joseph C. Pitt - unknown
    The question is how do Scanning Electron Microscopes (SEMs) give us access to the nano world? The images these instruments produce, I argue, do not allow us to see atoms in the same way that we see trees. To the extent that SEMs and STMs allow us to see the occupants of the nano world it is by way of metaphorical extension of the concept of “seeing”. The more general claim is that changes in scientific instrumentation effect changes in the (...)
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  23. Existential inertia and the Aristotelian proof.Joseph C. Schmid - 2020 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 89 (3):201-220.
    Edward Feser defends the ‘Aristotelian proof’ for the existence of God, which reasons that the only adequate explanation of the existence of change is in terms of an unchangeable, purely actual being. His argument, however, relies on the falsity of the Existential Inertia Thesis, according to which concrete objects tend to persist in existence without requiring an existential sustaining cause. In this article, I first characterize the dialectical context of Feser’s Aristotelian proof, paying special attention to EIT and its rival (...)
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  24. Stage One of the Aristotelian Proof: A Critical Appraisal.Joseph C. Schmid - 2021 - Sophia 60 (4):781-796.
    What explains change? Edward Feser argues in his ‘Aristotelian proof’ that the only adequate answer to these questions is ultimately in terms of an unchangeable, purely actual being. In this paper, I target the cogency of Feser’s reasoning to such an answer. In particular, I present novel paths of criticism—both undercutting and rebutting—against one of Feser’s central premises. I then argue that Feser’s inference that the unactualized actualizer lacks any potentialities contains a number of non-sequiturs.
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  25.  8
    Review: The Problems of Individuating Revolutions. [REVIEW]Joseph C. Pitt - 1987 - Behaviorism 15 (1):83-87.
  26. Theories of explanation.Joseph C. Pitt - 1989 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 179 (4):654-655.
     
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  27.  12
    Heraclitus Redux: Technological Infrastructures and Scientific Change.Joseph C. Pitt - 2019 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    This book aims to spell out the consequences of taking the technologies behind the doing of science seriously.
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  28.  37
    Influencing technological change.Joseph C. Pitt - 2020 - Human Affairs 30 (4):545-548.
    The philosophy of technology is not influencing technological change because there isn’t a single philosophy of technology. Philosophers of technology should be involved in technological change because we have something valuable to offer. But before we can get involved, we have to be accepted by those effecting the changes. That means we have to acquire the credentials necessary to establish our credibility. We have to get our hands dirty.
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  29. Classical Theism, Arbitrary Creation, and Reason-Based Action.Joseph C. Schmid - 2022 - Sophia 61 (3):565-579.
    Surely God, as a perfectly rational being, created the universe for some _reason_. But is God’s creating the universe for a reason compatible with divine impassibility? That is the question I investigate in this article. The _prima facie_ tension between impassibility and God’s creating for a reason arises from impassibility’s commitment to God being uninfluenced by anything _ad extra_. If God is uninfluenced in this way, asks the detractor, how could he be moved to create anything at all? This _prima (...)
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  30. From Modal Collapse to Providential Collapse.Joseph C. Schmid - 2022 - Philosophia 50 (3):1413-1435.
    The modal collapse objection to classical theism has received significant attention among philosophers as of late. My aim in this paper is to advance this blossoming debate. First, I briefly survey the modal collapse literature and argue that classical theists avoid modal collapse if and only if they embrace an indeterministic link between God and his effects. Second, I argue that this indeterminism poses two challenges to classical theism. The first challenge is that it collapses God’s status as an intentional (...)
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  31.  83
    Leadership.Joseph C. Rost - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (1):129-142.
    In this article, the author lists three problems that make any serious discussion about the ethics of leadership a very difficult undertaking. He then proposes a new, postindustrial paradigm of leadership. Using that understanding of leadership, two different sets of ethical analyses of leadership are possible: (I) those concerned with the process of leadership and (2) those concerned with the content of leadership (the changes proposed by the leaders and collaborators). In the end, the author suggests that the industrial paradigm (...)
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  32.  22
    Scales of apparent force.Joseph C. Stevens & Joel D. Mack - 1959 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 58 (5):405.
  33.  23
    Interrogating the Meaning of ‘Quality’ in Utterances and Activities Protected by Academic Freedom.Joseph C. Hermanowicz - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-17.
    “Quality” refers nominatively to a standard of performance. Quality is the central idea that differentiates speech protected by academic freedom (the right to worthwhile utterances) from constitutionally protected speech (the right to say anything at all). Extant documents and discussions state that professional peers determine quality based on norms of a field. But professional peers deem utterances and activities as consonant with quality only in reference to criteria that establish meaning of the term. In the absence of articulation, these criteria (...)
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  34. Grim Reaper Paradoxes and Patchwork Principles: Severing the Case for Finitism.Troy Dana & Joseph C. Schmid - forthcoming - Journal of Philosophy.
    Benardete paradoxes involve infinite collections of Grim Reapers, assassins, demons, deafening peals, or even sentences. These paradoxes have recently been used in arguments for finitist metaphysical theses such as temporal finitism, causal finitism, and discrete views of time. Here we develop a new finite Benardete-like paradox. We then use this paradox to defend a companions in guilt argument that challenges recent applications of patchwork principles on behalf of the aforementioned finitist arguments. Finally, we develop another problem for those applications by (...)
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  35.  53
    What Engineers Know.Joseph C. Pitt - 2001 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 5 (3):116-123.
  36.  25
    Galileo Heretic.Joseph C. Pitt - 1987
  37.  4
    Responsibility, Rights, and Racism: A Perspective from Igbo Religious Philosophy and an Option out of Black Subalternity.Joseph C. A. Agbakoba - 2018 - Philosophy, Culture, and Traditions 14:61-77.
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  38.  91
    The dilemma of case studies: Toward a heraclitian philosophy of science.Joseph C. Pitt - 2001 - Perspectives on Science 9 (4):373-382.
    What do appeals to case studies accomplish? Consider the dilemma: On the one hand, if the case is selected because it exemplifies the philosophical point, then it is not clear that the historical data hasn't been manipulated to fit the point. On the other hand, if one starts with a case study, it is not clear where to go from there—for it is unreasonable to generalize from one case or even two or three.
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  39. Naturalism, classical theism, and first causes.Joseph C. Schmid - 2023 - Religious Studies 59:63-77.
    Enric F. Gel has recently argued that classical theism enjoys a significant advantage over Graham Oppy's naturalism. According to Gel, classical theism – unlike Oppy's naturalism – satisfactorily answers two questions: first, how many first causes are there, and second, why is it that number rather than another? In this article, I reply to Gel's argument for classical theism's advantage over Oppy's naturalism. I also draw out wider implications of my investigation for the gap problem and Christian doctrine along the (...)
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  40.  49
    Mechanism, music, and painting in 17th century France.Joseph C. Allard - 1981 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 40 (3):269-279.
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  41. Rational Changes in Science. Essays on Scientific Reasoning: Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, vol. 98.Joseph C. Pitt & Marcello Pera (eds.) - 1987 - Dordrecht:
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  42.  10
    Tactile acuity, aging, and braille reading in long-term blindness.Joseph C. Stevens, Emerson Foulke & Matthew Q. Patterson - 1996 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 2 (2):91.
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  43.  52
    The myth of science education.Joseph C. Pitt - 1990 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 10 (1):7-17.
    It is argued that the manner in which we teach science in the high schools represents an outdated positivistic conception of science. The standard presentation of a year of each of chemistry, biology and physics should be replaced by an integrated science plus history, philosophy, and sociology of science which would take a total of three years to complete. A proper appreciation for the true nature of science is essential to the continued health of the scientific enterprise.
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  44.  18
    Liberal Democracy Critiqued and Affirmed.Joseph C. Bertolini - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (3):355-367.
    In Liberalism in Dark Times, an important, impressive and well documented book, Joshua Cherniss, associate professor of government at Georgetown University, focuses on an aspect of liberal theory t...
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  45. Human beings as technological artifacts.Joseph C. Pitt - 2006 - In John R. Dakers (ed.), Defining Technological Literacy: Towards an Epistemological Framework. Palgrave-Macmillan.
     
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  46.  11
    Memory and identification of simulated odors in elderly and young persons.Joseph C. Stevens, William S. Cain & Annick Demarque - 1990 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (4):293-296.
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  47.  26
    The effect of relationship quality on individual perceptions of social responsibility in the US.Joseph C. Thornton - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  48.  10
    The Contributions of Alfred Korzybski.Joseph C. Trainor & Alice Ambrose - 1937 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 2 (4):171-171.
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  49.  39
    The Culture of Mediocrity.Joseph C. Hermanowicz - 2013 - Minerva 51 (3):363-387.
    Select groups and organizations embrace practices that perpetuate their inferiority. The result is the phenomenon we call “mediocrity.” This article examines the conditions under which mediocrity is selected and maintained by groups over time. Mediocrity is maintained by a key social process: the marginalization of the adept, which is a response to the group problem of what to do with the highly able. The problem arises when a majority of a group is comprised of average members who must decide what (...)
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  50.  23
    Climbing Harris' Ladder.Joseph C. Flay - 2001 - Hegel Bulletin 22 (1-2):1-14.
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