Rosamond Kent Sprague’s translations of the _Laches and Charmides_ are highly regarded, and relied on, for their lucidity and philosophical acuity. This edition includes notes by Sprague and an updated bibliography.
The purpose of this brief note is to point out that the time-honored method of expounding Aristotle’s doctrine of the four causes to beginning students is non-Aristotelian if not positively un-Aristotelian, and to raise the question whether, this being the case, the method should not be dropped.
THE phenomenon of sleep is of course of interest to Aristotle as a student of animals, and his biological works contain quite detailed accounts of what he takes to be the physiology of sleep. But sleep has also, for Aristotle, what might be called a metaphysical interest, and it is on this I wish to focus. My purpose is to make some small contribution to the philosophical study of Aristotle’s biology.
There are many fallacious arguments in the dialogues of Plato. The author argues that Plato was fully conscious of the fallacious character of at least an important number of these arguments and that he sometimes made deliberate use of fallacy as an indirect means of setting forth certain of his fundamental philosophical views. Plato introduces them, the author maintains, for the purpose of working out their implications. Plato is thus able to expose them for what they are, to clear away (...) possible lines of attack upon his own position, and even to show that when the proper correction is applied his own views receive support. (shrink)
126 JOURNAL OF THE HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY 36:1 JANUARY 1998 sche, which concludes with an appreciation of the Cynical argument of Peter Sloterdijk, whose Kritik der zynischen Vernunft appeared in 1983 . In the more familiar period of the movement's history, we get: a fresh evaluation of Cynicism's relationship to Socrates and the Hellenistic schools by A. A. Long; Goulet-Cazr on religion in early Cynicism; Branham on the rhetoric of the Cynics and John Moles on the controversial issue of Cynic (...) cosmopolitanism; James Porter on the Cynic side of the Stoic Aristo of Chios; and Miriam Griffin on the reaction of Roman culture to Cynicism. The volume concludes with a detailed study of the iconography of Cynicism by Diskin Clay. Thematic inclusiveness and the high general quality of the papers make this an indispensable book. The peripheral resources it provides are a considerable bonus. The annotated bibliography on Cynicism and its reception is a work of scholarship in its own right; the indices locorum and nominum are carefully done. Moreover, Goulet- Caz~ has added two appendices, the first an exhaustive annotated catalogue of all known Cynic philosophers from the ancient world, the second an argument that the first philosopher referred to as 'the dog' was probably Antisthenes rather than Diogenes. Throughout the editors have aimed at utility to the reader, and they did not shrink from reusing and adapting earlier.. (shrink)