Results for 'Alexander J. Kull'

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  1.  23
    I See Me: The Role of Observer Imagery in Reducing Consumer Transgressions.Ruby Saine, Alexander J. Kull, Ali Besharat & Sajeev Varki - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 168 (4):721-732.
    As the number of consumer transgressions continues to increase, so do their financial repercussions for companies. Though academic and managerial interest in addressing this issue is growing, research on how to dissuade consumers from committing transgressions remains scarce. Drawing on the mental imagery literature and normative moral theory, the present research examines a novel way of reducing consumers’ appraisals of their own transgressions. Whereas an actor-imagery perspective fosters a teleological, egoistic view of morality and, in turn, induces moral leniency, having (...)
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  2. Peter M. Hart Alexander J. Wearing.Alexander J. Wearing - 2000 - In Walter J. Perrig & Alexander Grob (eds.), Control of Human Behavior, Mental Processes, and Consciousness: Essays in Honor of the 60th Birthday of August Flammer. Erlbaum. pp. 480.
     
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  3. The Structural Evolution of Morality.J. McKenzie Alexander - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    It is certainly the case that morality governs the interactions that take place between individuals. But what if morality exists because of these interactions? This book, first published in 2007, argues for the claim that much of the behaviour we view as 'moral' exists because acting in that way benefits each of us to the greatest extent possible, given the socially structured nature of society. Drawing upon aspects of evolutionary game theory, the theory of bounded rationality, and computational models of (...)
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  4.  5
    Advancing the Understanding of Suicide: The Need for Formal Theory and Rigorous Descriptive Research.Alexander J. Millner, Donald J. Robinaugh & Matthew K. Nock - 2020 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 24 (9):704-716.
  5.  20
    Aesthetic Responses to Exact Fractals Driven by Physical Complexity.Alexander J. Bies, Daryn R. Blanc-Goldhammer, Cooper R. Boydston, Richard P. Taylor & Margaret E. Sereno - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  6. Preferential Attachment and the Search for Successful Theories.J. McKenzie Alexander - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (5):769-782.
    Multiarm bandit problems have been used to model the selection of competing scientific theories by boundedly rational agents. In this paper, I define a variable-arm bandit problem, which allows the set of scientific theories to vary over time. I show that Roth-Erev reinforcement learning, which solves multiarm bandit problems in the limit, cannot solve this problem in a reasonable time. However, social learning via preferential attachment combined with individual reinforcement learning which discounts the past, does.
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  7.  5
    A Dialogue with Michael Hardt on Revolution, Joy, and Learning to Let Go.Alexander J. Means, Amy N. Sojot, Yuko Ida & Michael Hardt - forthcoming - Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-14.
    In this wide-ranging conversation, Michael Hardt reflects on recent transformations within Empire. Several unique themes emerge concerning power and pedagogy as they intersect with subjectivity and...
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  8. Random Boolean Networks and Evolutionary Game Theory.J. McKenzie Alexander - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1289-1304.
    Recent years have seen increased interest in the question of whether it is possible to provide an evolutionary game-theoretic explanation for certain kinds of social norms. I sketch a proof of a general representation theorem for a large class of evolutionary game-theoretic models played on a social network, in hope that this will contribute to a greater understanding of the long-term evolutionary dynamics of such models, and hence the evolution of social norms.
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  9.  55
    The Aesthetic Foundations of Romantic Mythology: Karl Philipp Moritz.Alexander J. B. Hampton - 2013 - Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte 20 (2):175-191.
    Largely neglected today, the work of Karl Philipp Moritz was a highly influential source for Early German Romanticism. Moritz considered the form of myth as essential to the absolute nature of the divine subject. This defence was based upon his aesthetic theory, which held that beautiful art was “disinterested”, or complete in itself. For Moritz, Myth, like art, constitutes a totality providing an idiom free from restriction in the imitation of the divine. This examination offers a consideration of Moritz’s aesthetics (...)
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  10.  15
    The Cognitive-Emotional Brain: Opportunitvnies and Challenges for Understanding Neuropsychiatric Disorders.Alexander J. Shackman, Andrew S. Fox & David A. Seminowicz - 2015 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 38.
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  11.  8
    Getting Serious About Variation: Lessons for Clinical Neuroscience.Alexander J. Shackman & Andrew S. Fox - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (5):368-369.
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  12.  11
    Defining Eosinophil Function in Adiposity and Weight Loss.Alexander J. Knights, Emily J. Vohralik, Kyle L. Hoehn, Merlin Crossley & Kate G. R. Quinlan - 2018 - Bioessays 40 (10):1800098.
    Despite promising early work into the role of immune cells such as eosinophils in adipose tissue (AT) homeostasis, recent findings revealed that elevating the number of eosinophils in AT alone is insufficient for improving metabolic impairments in obese mice. Eosinophils are primarily recognized for their role in allergic immunity and defence against parasitic worms. They have also been detected in AT and appear to contribute to adipose homeostasis and drive energy expenditure, but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. It has long (...)
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  13.  89
    Properties and Powers.Alexander J. Kelly - unknown
    This thesis concerns the relation between the fundamental properties and the powers they confer. The views considered are introduced in terms of their acceptance or rejection of the quiddistic thesis. Essentially the quiddistic thesis claims that properties confer the powers they do neither necessarily nor sufficiently. Quidditism is the view that accepts the quiddistic thesis. The other two views to be considered, the pure powers view and the grounded view reject the quiddistic thesis. The pure powers view supports its denial (...)
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  14.  40
    Learning to Signal in a Dynamic World.J. McKenzie Alexander - 2014 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 65 (4):797-820.
    Sender–receiver games, first introduced by David Lewis ([1969]), have received increased attention in recent years as a formal model for the emergence of communication. Skyrms ([2010]) showed that simple models of reinforcement learning often succeed in forming efficient, albeit not necessarily minimal, signalling systems for a large family of games. Later, Alexander et al. ([2012]) showed that reinforcement learning, combined with forgetting, frequently produced both efficient and minimal signalling systems. In this article, I define a ‘dynamic’ sender–receiver game in (...)
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  15. Evolutionary Game Theory.Alexander J. McKenzie & Edward N. Zalta - forthcoming - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
     
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  16.  9
    Family Income, Cumulative Risk Exposure, and White Matter Structure in Middle Childhood.Alexander J. Dufford & Pilyoung Kim - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  17.  57
    Local Interactions and the Dynamics of Rational Deliberation.J. McKenzie Alexander - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 147 (1):103-121.
    Whereas The Stag Hunt and the Evolution of Social Structure supplements Evolution of the Social Contract by examining some of the earlier work’s strategic problems in a local interaction setting, no equivalent supplement exists for The Dynamics of Rational Deliberation . In this article, I develop a general framework for modeling the dynamics of rational deliberation in a local interaction setting. In doing so, I show that when local interactions are permitted, three interesting phenomena occur: (a) the attracting deliberative equilibria (...)
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  18. Evolutionary Explanations of Distributive Justice.J. McKenzie Alexander - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):490-516.
    Evolutionary game theoretic accounts of justice attempt to explain our willingness to follow certain principles of justice by appealing to robustness properties possessed by those principles. Skyrms (1996) offers one sketch of how such an account might go for divide-the-dollar, the simplest version of the Nash bargaining game, using the replicator dynamics of Taylor and Jonker (1978). In a recent article, D'Arms et al. (1998) criticize his account and describe a model which, they allege, undermines his theory. I sketch a (...)
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  19.  19
    An Illustrated Guide to the Methods of Meta‐Analysis.Alexander J. Sutton, Keith R. Abrams & David R. Jones - 2001 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 7 (2):135-148.
  20. Why the Angels Cannot Choose.J. McKenzie Alexander - 2012 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (4):619 - 640.
    Decision theory faces a number of problematic gambles which challenge it to say what value an ideal rational agent should assign to the gamble, and why. Yet little attention has been devoted to the question of what an ideal rational agent is, and in what sense decision theory may be said to apply to one. I show that, given one arguably natural set of constraints on the preferences of an idealized rational agent, such an agent is forced to be indifferent (...)
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  21. Expectations and Choiceworthiness.J. McKenzie Alexander - 2011 - Mind 120 (479):803-817.
    The Pasadena game is an example of a decision problem which lacks an expected value, as traditionally conceived. Easwaran (2008) has shown that, if we distinguish between two different kinds of expectations, which he calls ‘strong’ and ‘weak’, the Pasadena game lacks a strong expectation but has a weak expectation. Furthermore, he argues that we should use the weak expectation as providing a measure of the value of an individual play of the Pasadena game. By considering a modified version of (...)
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  22.  62
    Decision Theory Meets the Witch of Agnesi.J. McKenzie Alexander - 2012 - Journal of Philosophy 109 (12):712-727.
    In the course of history, many individuals have the dubious honor of being remembered primarily for an eponym of which they would disapprove. How many are aware that Joseph-Ignace Guillotin actually opposed the death penalty? Another notable case is that of Maria Agnesi, an Italian woman of privileged, but not noble, birth who excelled at mathematics and philosophy during the eighteenth century. In her treatise of 1748, Instituzioni Analitiche, she provided a comprehensive summary of the current state of knowledge concerning (...)
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  23.  86
    Does Panexperiential Holism Solve the Combination Problem?Ludwig Jaskolla & Alexander J. Buck - 2012 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 19 (9-10):9-10.
    The combination problem is still one of the hardest problems for a panexperientialist ontology. Prominently, among others, Philip Goff wrote two papers in 2009 arguing that panexperientialists cannot get around the combination problem. We will argue that Goff 's attack is only relevant if parsimony is the only methodological principle for evaluating and comparing ontologies. Our second approach will sketch a version of panexperientialism for which the combination problem does not arise at all. Panexperiential holism is the theory that the (...)
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  24.  11
    Failure to Filter: Anxious Individuals Show Inefficient Gating of Threat From Working Memory.Daniel M. Stout, Alexander J. Shackman & Christine L. Larson - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  25. Follow the Leader : Local Interactions with Influence Neighborhoods.Peter Vanderschraaf & J. McKenzie Alexander - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (1):86-113.
  26.  64
    Evolutionary Game Theory.J. McKenzie Alexander - 2001 - Standord Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  27.  45
    Aquinas on Scriptural Metaphor and Allegory.Alexander J. Doherty - 2002 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 76:183-192.
    This paper attempts to situate Thomas Aquinas with respect to philosophical discussions of the nature of metaphorical language. I consider Aquinas’s comments in the Summa Theologiae on Scriptural metaphor and allegory in the light of two theses in current discussions of metaphor: the substitution thesis and the dual-meaning thesis. I compare Aquinas’s view to those of Aristotle and Donald Davidson. The substitution thesis asserts that figurative expressions can be replaced by semantically equivalent literal expressions. The dual-meaning thesis asserts that, in (...)
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  28.  9
    Logic and The Open Society: Revising the Place of Tarski's Theory of Truth Within Popper's Political Philosophy.Alexander J. Naraniecki - 2009 - In Zuzana Parusniková & R. S. Cohen (eds.), Rethinking Popper. Springer. pp. 257--271.
  29.  15
    On the Adams-Bray Retrieval Model.Alexander J. Wearing - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (1):96-101.
  30. On the Redress of Grievances.J. M. Alexander - 2013 - Analysis 73 (2):228-230.
    Consider the problem of allocating a scarce resource to people. A fair decision procedure is one where each person has an equal chance of receiving the resource. An unfair decision procedure is one where the chances are not equal. Normally we think that, in an unfair decision procedure, that the correct way to redress the injustice is by rerunning the allocation using a fair decision procedure. In this paper, I show that this actually creates an overall bias favouring one person, (...)
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  31. Cultural Structures, Social Action, and the Discourses of American Civil Society: A Reply to Battani, Hall, and Powers.J. C. Alexander & P. Smith - 1999 - Theory and Society 28 (3):455-461.
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  32. The Natural Standard of Speech.J. Davidson Alexander - 1976 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 3 (3):267-294.
  33.  20
    How We Think About Human Nature: The Naturalizing Error.Douglas Allchin & Alexander J. Werth - 2020 - Philosophy of Science 87 (3):499-517.
    History is littered with scientifically ill-founded claims about human nature. They frequently appear in normative contexts, projecting ideology or values onto nature (what we call the naturalizing...
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  34.  27
    An Essay on Historical, Philosophical and Theological Attitudes to Modern Political Thought.J. Alexander - 2004 - History of Political Thought 25 (1):116-148.
    This essay subjects to criticism the historical and philosophical attitudes to political thought found in the writings of John Dunn and Michael Oakeshott. The essay does not limit itself to criticism but attempts to elaborate what is indicated by criticism for the sake of the modern understanding of political thought. The argument is that history and philosophy as they have recently been practised suffer from limitations that can only be addressed by a recognition of something which is here called theology. (...)
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  35.  30
    The Evolutionary Foundations of Strong Reciprocity.J. McKenzie Alexander - 2005 - Analyse and Kritik: Zeitschrift Fur Sozialtheorie:106-112.
    : Strong reciprocators possess two behavioural dispositions: they are willing to bestow bene ts on those who have bestowed bene ts, and they are willing to punish those who fail to bestow bene ts according to some social norm. There is no doubt that peoples' behaviour, in many cases, agrees with what we would expect if people are strong reciprocators, and Fehr and Henrich argue that many people are, in fact, strong reciprocators. They also suggest that strongly reciprocal behaviour may (...)
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  36. --Durch Gesänge Lehrten Sie--: Johann Gottfried Herder Und Die Erziehung Durch Musik: Mythos - Ideologie - Rezeption.Alexander J. Cvetko - 2006 - Lang.
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  37. Uncertainty as a Challenge for Leadership.Alexander J. Wulf - 2015 - Paragrana: Internationale Zeitschrift für Historische Anthropologie 24 (1):80-93.
     
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  38.  10
    Well-Being and Risk-Taking Behavior.Alexander J. Wulf - 2013 - Paragrana: Internationale Zeitschrift für Historische Anthropologie 22 (1).
  39.  3
    Limits of the Concept of Altruism: Individualism, Batson’s Theory of Altruism, and a Social Realist Alternative.Alexander J. Calder, Lukas F. Novak & Blaine J. Fowers - forthcoming - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology.
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  40.  11
    The Minimum Epistemological and Ontological Conditions For a Theory of Systemic Interdisciplinarity.Alexander J. Argyros - 1991 - Philosophica 48.
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  41.  22
    The Naturalizing Error.Douglas Allchin & Alexander J. Werth - 2017 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 48 (1):3-18.
    We describe an error type that we call the naturalizing error: an appeal to nature as a self-justified description dictating or limiting our choices in moral, economic, political, and other social contexts. Normative cultural perspectives may be subtly and subconsciously inscribed into purportedly objective descriptions of nature, often with the apparent warrant and authority of science, yet not be fully warranted by a systematic or complete consideration of the evidence. Cognitive processes may contribute further to a failure to notice the (...)
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  42.  83
    The Christian State.Alexander J. Humphreys - 1943 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 18 (4):753-755.
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  43. T. F. Torrance's Reconstruction of Natural Theology: Christ and Cognition.Alexander J. D. Irving - 2019 - Lexington Books.
    This book elucidates T. F. Torrance’s reconstruction of natural theology as it appears within its intellectual context and broader Christological method. Irving argues that Torrance’s work on natural theology is an important affirmation of the priority of grace in theological method and knowledge alongside the integrity of human agency.
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  44.  7
    How We Think About Human Nature: Cognitive Errors and Concrete Remedies.Alexander J. Werth & Douglas Allchin - forthcoming - Foundations of Science:1-22.
    Appeals to human nature are ubiquitous, yet historically many have proven ill-founded. Why? How might frequent errors be remedied towards building a more robust and reliable scientific study of human nature? Our aim is neither to advance specific scientific or philosophical claims about human nature, nor to proscribe or eliminate such claims. Rather, we articulate through examples the types of errors that frequently arise in this field, towards improving the rigor of the scientific and social studies. We seek to analyze (...)
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  45.  18
    An Inquiry Into the Origins of Courtly Love.Alexander J. Denomy - 1944 - Mediaeval Studies 6 (1):175-260.
  46.  16
    An Old French Poetic Version of the Life and Miracles of Saint Magloire.Alexander J. Denomy & J. Brückmann - 1959 - Mediaeval Studies 21 (1):53-128.
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  47.  19
    Courtly Love and Courtliness.Alexander J. Denomy - 1953 - Speculum 28 (1):44-63.
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  48.  28
    Fin' Amors: The Pure Love of the Troubadours, its Amorality and Possible Source.Alexander J. Denomy - 1945 - Mediaeval Studies 7 (1):139-207.
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  49.  4
    Genomics, Ethical Issues, and the Practice of Dentistry.Alexander J. Schloss & Anthony T. Vernillo - 2014 - Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine: An International Journal 5 (4):339-351.
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  50.  22
    The Cognitive-Emotional Brain: Opportunities and Challenges for Understanding Neuropsychiatric Disorders – ERRATUM.Alexander J. Shackman, Andrew S. Fox & David A. Seminowicz - 2015 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 38.
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