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  1. Risk Aversion and the Long Run.Johanna Thoma - 2018 - Ethics 129 (2):230-253.
    This paper argues that Lara Buchak’s risk-weighted expected utility theory fails to offer a true alternative to expected utility theory. Under commonly held assumptions about dynamic choice and the framing of decision problems, rational agents are guided by their attitudes to temporally extended courses of action. If so, REU theory makes approximately the same recommendations as expected utility theory. Being more permissive about dynamic choice or framing, however, undermines the theory’s claim to capturing a steady choice disposition in the face (...)
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  2. Instrumental Rationality Without Separability.Johanna Thoma - 2018 - Erkenntnis:1-22.
    This paper argues that instrumental rationality is more permissive than expected utility theory. The most compelling instrumentalist argument in favour of separability, its core requirement, is that agents with non-separable preferences end up badly off by their own lights in some dynamic choice problems. I argue that once we focus on the question of whether agents' attitudes to uncertain prospects help define their ends in their own right, or instead only assign instrumental value in virtue of the outcomes they may (...)
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  3. Arrovian Aggregation of Generalised Expected-Utility Preferences: Possibility Results by Means of Model Theory.Frederik Herzberg - 2018 - Studia Logica 106 (5):947-967.
    Cerreia-Vioglio et al. :341–375, 2011) have proposed a very general axiomatisation of preferences in the presence of ambiguity, viz. Monotonic Bernoullian Archimedean preference orderings. This paper investigates the problem of Arrovian aggregation of such preferences—and proves dictatorial impossibility results for both finite and infinite populations. Applications for the special case of aggregating expected-utility preferences are given. A novel proof methodology for special aggregation problems, based on model theory, is employed.
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  4. Advice for the Steady: Decision Theory and the Requirements of Instrumental Rationality.Johanna Thoma - 2017 - Dissertation,
    Standard decision theory, or rational choice theory, is often interpreted to be a theory of instrumental rationality. This dissertation argues, however, that the core requirements of orthodox decision theory cannot be defended as general requirements of instrumental rationality. Instead, I argue that these requirements can only be instrumentally justified to agents who have a desire to have choice dispositions that are stable over time and across different choice contexts. Past attempts at making instrumentalist arguments for the core requirements of decision (...)
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  5. Temptation and Preference-Based Instrumental Rationality.Johanna Thoma - forthcoming - In José Bermudez (ed.), Self-control, decision theory and rationality. Cambridge, U.K: Cambridge University Press.
    In the dynamic choice literature, temptations are usually understood as temporary shifts in an agent’s preferences. What has been puzzling about these cases is that, on the one hand, an agent seems to do better by her own lights if she does not give into the temptation, and does so without engaging in costly commitment strategies. This seems to indicate that it is instrumentally irrational for her to give into temptation. On the other hand, resisting temptation also requires her to (...)
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  6. A Representation Theorem for Frequently Irrational Agents.Edward Elliott - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 46 (5):467-506.
    The standard representation theorem for expected utility theory tells us that if a subject’s preferences conform to certain axioms, then she can be represented as maximising her expected utility given a particular set of credences and utilities—and, moreover, that having those credences and utilities is the only way that she could be maximising her expected utility. However, the kinds of agents these theorems seem apt to tell us anything about are highly idealised, being always probabilistically coherent with infinitely precise degrees (...)
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  7. Conditionals and a Two-Envelope Paradox.Byeong-Uk Yi - 2013 - Journal of Philosophy 110 (5):233-257.
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  8. Newcomb's Problem Revisited.Terry Horgan - 2015 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 22:4-15.
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  9. Dictatorship of the “Proletariat”.Stanisław Dronicz & Lesław Kawalec - 2011 - Dialogue and Universalism 21 (3):137-150.
    This article sets out to propose some characteristic features of the intellectual and ethical attitudes which, in the popular belief and scholarly communities alike, stand for ideals worthy of promoting as ones which could underpin a modern society where both believers and unbelievers can feel at home. The “ethos” is construed to be about the sort of behaviour logically stemming from a tolerant outlook on the one hand, and an intellectual commitment to a noble cause worthy of one’s efforts, on (...)
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  10. Gauthier David P.. Hare's Debtors. Mind, N.S. Vol. 77 , Pp. 400–405.Brian F. Chellas - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (2):366.
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  11. Greenleaf Newcomb. Fields in Which Varieties Have Rational Points: A Note on a Problem of Ax. Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, Vol. 27 , Pp. 139–140. [REVIEW]Verena H. Dyson - 1973 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 38 (1):163.
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  12. Smielew W.. Decision Problem in Group Theory. Ebd., Sonderabdruck 1948, S. 373–376.Rózsa Péter - 1949 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 14 (1):63-64.
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  13. Living Up to One's Commitments: Agency, Strategies and Trust.Thomas Müller - 2008 - Journal of Applied Logic 6 (2):251-266.
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  14. XII—In the Neighbourhood of the Newcomb-Predictor.David Gauthier - 1989 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 89 (1):179-194.
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  15. Note on the Newcomb Operators Used in the Development of the Perturbative Function.R. T. A. Innes - 1913 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 3 (1):337-339.
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  16. Ambiguity Attitudes, Framing and Consistency.Alex Voorhoeve, Ken Binmore, Arnaldur Stefansson & Lisa Stewart - 2016 - Theory and Decision 81 (3):313-337.
    We use probability-matching variations on Ellsberg’s single-urn experiment to assess three questions: (1) How sensitive are ambiguity attitudes to changes from a gain to a loss frame? (2) How sensitive are ambiguity attitudes to making ambiguity easier to recognize? (3) What is the relation between subjects’ consistency of choice and the ambiguity attitudes their choices display? Contrary to most other studies, we find that a switch from a gain to a loss frame does not lead to a switch from ambiguity (...)
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  17. The Openness of Attitudes and Action in Ambivalence.Hili Razinsky - 2015 - South African Journal of Philosophy 34 (1):79-92.
    Ambivalence of desire and action in light of it are ordinary human engagements and yet received conceptions of desire and action deny that such action is possible. This paper contains an analysis of the possibility of fertile ambivalent compromises conjointly with a reconstruction of (Davidsonian) basic rationality and of action-desire relations. It is argued that the Aristotelian practical syllogism ought not to be conceived as paralysing the ambivalent agent. The practical syllogism makes compromise behaviour possible, including compromise action in the (...)
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  18. Fischer on Backtracking and Newcomb's Problem.E. Carlson - 1998 - Analysis 58 (3):229-231.
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  19. Examining Boxing and Toxin.L. Goldstein - 2003 - Analysis 63 (3):242-244.
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  20. Newcomb's Paradox and Priest's Principle of Rational Choice.B. -U. Yi - 2003 - Analysis 63 (3):237-242.
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  21. The St. Petersburg Two-Envelope Paradox.D. J. Chalmers - 2002 - Analysis 62 (2):155-157.
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  22. The Meta-Newcomb Problem.N. Bostrom - 2001 - Analysis 61 (4):309-310.
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  23. Newcomb's Problem: The Causalists Get Rich.P. McKay - 2004 - Analysis 64 (2):187-189.
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  24. Newcomb's Problem: A Reply to Carlson.J. M. Fischer - 2001 - Analysis 61 (3):229-236.
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  25. Taking Stock of Infinite Value: Pascal’s Wager and Relative Utilities.Paul Bartha - 2007 - Synthese 154 (1):5-52.
    Among recent objections to Pascal's Wager, two are especially compelling. The first is that decision theory, and specifically the requirement of maximizing expected utility, is incompatible with infinite utility values. The second is that even if infinite utility values are admitted, the argument of the Wager is invalid provided that we allow mixed strategies. Furthermore, Hájek has shown that reformulations of Pascal's Wager that address these criticisms inevitably lead to arguments that are philosophically unsatisfying and historically unfaithful. Both the objections (...)
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  26. 2. The Scholar's Wager: The Lottery of Higher Learning.W. David Shaw - 2004 - In Babel and the Ivory Tower: The Scholar in the Age of Science. University of Toronto Press. pp. 21-34.
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  27. A Resource-Bounded Agent Addresses the Newcomb Problem.John Pollock - 2010 - Synthese 176 (1):57-82.
    In the Newcomb problem, the standard arguments for taking either one box or both boxes adduce what seem to be relevant considerations, but they are not complete arguments, and attempts to complete the arguments rely upon incorrect principles of rational decision making. It is argued that by considering how the predictor is making his prediction, we can generate a more complete argument, and this in turn supports a form of causal decision theory.
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  28. Remarks on the Absentminded Driver.Wlodek Rabinowicz - 2003 - Studia Logica 73 (2):241-256.
    Piccione and Rubinstein present and analyse the sequential decision problem of an "absentminded driver". The driver's absentmindedness leads him to time-inconsistent strategy evaluations. His original evaluation gets replaced by a new one under impact of the information that the circumstances have changed, notwithstanding the fact that this change in circumstances has been expected by him all along. The time inconsistency in strategy evaluation suggests that such an agent might have reason to renege on his adopted strategy. As we shall see, (...)
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  29. On the Normative Dimension of the St. Petersburg Paradox.David Teira - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 37 (2):210-223.
    In this paper I offer an account of the normative dimension implicit in D. Bernoulli’s expected utility functions by means of an analysis of the juridical metaphors upon which the concept of mathematical expectation was moulded. Following a suggestion by the late E. Coumet, I show how this concept incorporated a certain standard of justice which was put in question by the St. Petersburg paradox. I contend that Bernoulli would have solved it by introducing an alternative normative criterion rather than (...)
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  30. Realizing Newcomb's Problem.Peter Slezak - unknown
    Richard Jeffrey said that Newcomb’s Problem may be seen “as a rock on which... Bayesianism... must founder” and the problem has been almost universally conceived as reconciling the science-fictional features of the decision problem with a plausible causal analysis. Later, Jeffrey renounced his earlier position that accepted Newcomb problems as genuine decision problems, suggesting “Newcomb problems are like Escher’s famous staircase”. We may interpret this to mean that we know there can be no such thing, though we see no local (...)
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  31. The Envelope of a Pointclass Under a Local Determinacy Hypothesis.Trevor M. Wilson - 2015 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 166 (10):991-1018.
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  32. On the Rocketship: How Top Charter Schools Are Pushing the Envelope.Richard Whitmire - 2014 - Jossey-Bass.
    _The face of American education is evolving—and the roadmap is clear_ _On the Rocketship: How Top Charter Schools are Pushing the Envelope_ examines the rise and expansion of leading charter school network Rocketship, revealing the "secret sauce" that makes a successful program. A strong narrative with a timely message, the book explores how Rocketship started and the difficulties encountered as it expands. Designing schools for children who have been failed by traditional schools is extremely challenging work. Setbacks are inevitable. Later (...)
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  33. Dilation, Disintegrations, and Delayed Decisions.Arthur Paul Pedersen & Gregory Wheeler - 2015 - In Thomas Augistin, Serena Dora, Enrique Miranda & Erik Quaeghebeur (eds.), Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Imprecise Probability: Theories and Applications (ISIPTA 2015). Aracne Editrice. pp. 227–236.
    Both dilation and non-conglomerability have been alleged to conflict with a fundamental principle of Bayesian methodology that we call \textit{Good's Principle}: one should always delay making a terminal decision between alternative courses of action if given the opportunity to first learn, at zero cost, the outcome of an experiment relevant to the decision. In particular, both dilation and non-conglomerability have been alleged to permit or even mandate choosing to make a terminal decision in deliberate ignorance of relevant, cost-free information. Although (...)
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  34. The Hausdorff Lower Semicontinuous Envelope of the Length in the Plane.Raphaël Cerf - 2002 - Annali della Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa 1 (1):33-71.
    We study the Hausdorff lower semicontinuous envelope of the length in the plane. This envelope is taken with respect to the Hausdorff metric on the space of the continua. The resulting quantity appeared naturally as the rate function of a large deviation principle in a statistical mechanics context and seems to deserve further analysis. We provide basic simple results which parallel those available for the perimeter of Caccioppoli and De Giorgi.
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  35. Newcomb's Problem.Jackie Ray Caughran - 1980 - Dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
    Newcomb's Problem is a hypothetical situation wherein you are called upon to choose between two possible but mutually exclusive acts for both of which there are seemingly compelling, if not conclusive, arguments. As such it is a challenge to those who would construct a coherent and complete theory of rational decision. After introducing and clarifying the problem I suggest, following Robert Nozick, that the conflict, if there be such, is between a policy of choosing a dominant act and an policy (...)
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  36. Decision Problem in Group Theory.W. Smielew - 1949 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 14 (1):63-64.
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  37. Word Problems, Decision Problems and Burnside Problem in Group Theory.William W. Boone, Frank B. Cannonito & Roger C. Lyndon - 1976 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 41 (4):785-788.
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  38. Intention and Understanding.Karl Aschenbrenner - 1954 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 19 (2):138-138.
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  39. Une Méthode de Décision Pour Certaines Formules du Calcul des Prédicats.S. Issmann - 1954 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 19 (2):132-133.
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  40. A Note on Function Quantification.J. W. Addison & S. C. Kleene - 1958 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (1):47-48.
  41. Decision Elements.John D. Goodell & Tenny Lode - 1953 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 18 (3):283-284.
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  42. The Precautionary Principle, the Catastrophe Argument, and Pascal's Wager.Neil Manson - 1999 - Ends and Means 4 (1).
  43. Tragic Closure and the Cornelian Wager.John Lyons - 1984 - Analecta Husserliana 18:409.
  44. Pascalian Fictions Antagonism and Absent Agency in the Wager and Other Pensées. Van Kelly - 1992
  45. Pascalův Argument Sázky.Richard JureČka - 2000 - Filosoficky Casopis 48:541-556.
  46. Why Prisoners' Dilemma Is Not A Newcomb Problem.P. Woodward - 2006 - Sorites 17:81-84.
    David Lewis has argued that we can gain helpful insight to the Prisoners' Dilemmas that we face from the fact that Newcomb's Problems are easy to solve, and the fact that Prisoners' Dilemmas are nothing other than two Newcomb Problems side by side. The present paper shows that the Prisoners' Dilemmas that we face are significantly different from Newcomb Problems in that the former are iterated while the latter are not. Thus Lewis's hope that we can get insight into the (...)
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  47. Pascal on Certainty and Utility.John C. McCarthy - 1995 - Interpretation 22 (2):247-269.
  48. An Introduction to Decision Theory. [REVIEW]Steven Robertson - 2010 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 16 (3):413-414.
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  49. Treatment Option or Pharmacological Wager?Ann Boyd - 2013 - Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics 4 (4).
  50. Is the Wager Back On? A Response to Douglas Groothuis.Alan Carter - 2002 - Philosophia Christi 4 (2):493-500.
1 — 50 / 409