Results for 'Candace Croney'

155 found
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  1.  17
    An Overview of Engineering Approaches to Improving Agricultural Animal Welfare.Candace Croney, William Muir, Ji-Qin Ni, Nicole Olynk Widmar & Gary Varner - 2018 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 31 (2):143-159.
    In this essay, we provide an overview of how production systems can be re-engineered to improve the welfare of the animals involved. At least three potential options exist: engineering their environments to better fit the animals, engineering the animals themselves to better fit their environments, and eliminating the animals from the system by growing meat in vitro rather than on farms. The morality of consuming animal products and the conditions under which agricultural animals are maintained remain highly contentious, and when (...)
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  2.  1
    Acquisition of a Joystick-Operated Video Task by Pigs.Candace C. Croney & Sarah T. Boysen - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The ability of two Panepinto micro pigs and two Yorkshire pigs to acquire a joystick-operated video-game task was investigated. Subjects were trained to manipulate a joystick that controlled movement of a cursor displayed on a computer monitor. The pigs were required to move the cursor to make contact with three-, two-, or one-walled targets randomly allocated for position on the monitor, and a reward was provided if the cursor collided with a target. The video-task acquisition required conceptual understanding of the (...)
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  3.  13
    Context, Character and Consequentialist Friendships: Candace L. Upton.Candace L. Upton - 2008 - Utilitas 20 (3):334-347.
    One prevailing objection to consequentialism holds that the consequentialist cannot promote both agent-neutral value and her own personal friendships: the consequentialist cannot be a genuine friend. Several versions of this objection have been advanced, but an even more sophisticated version of the charge is available. However, even this more sophisticated version fails, as it assumes a traditional, context-insensitive, account of character traits. In this article, I develop and defend a novel account of character traits that is context-sensitive and also supports (...)
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  4. Doing Gender.Don H. Zimmerman & Candace West - 1987 - Gender and Society 1 (2):125-151.
    The purpose of this article is to advance a new understanding of gender as a routine accomplishment embedded in everyday interaction. To do so entails a critical assessment of existing perspectives on sex and gender and the introduction of important distinctions among sex, sex category, and gender. We argue that recognition of the analytical independence of these concepts is essential for understanding the interactional work involved in being a gendered person in society. The thrust of our remarks is toward theoretical (...)
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  5.  10
    Pregnant Woman Versus Mosquito: A Feminist Epidemiology of Zika Virus.Candace Johnson - 2017 - Journal of International Political Theory 13 (2):233-250.
    This article investigates the contradictions between public health protocols and infection containment efforts concerning Zika virus and reproductive rights. In El Salvador, for example, women are being advised to avoid pregnancy until 2018, at which time local authorities hope that the virus will be under control. This is not so easy, however, as there is limited access to contraception, abortion is illegal in all instances, and women tend to have little household authority. In this article, I examine the policy, legal, (...)
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  6.  61
    Ritual, Emotion, and Sacred Symbols.Candace S. Alcorta & Richard Sosis - 2005 - Human Nature 16 (4):323-359.
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  7.  6
    Reframing Recruitment: Evaluating Framing in Authorization for Research Contact Programs.Candace D. Speight, Charlie Gregor, Yi-An Ko, Stephanie A. Kraft, Andrea R. Mitchell, Nyiramugisha K. Niyibizi, Bradley G. Phillips, Kathryn M. Porter, Seema K. Shah, Jeremy Sugarman, Benjamin S. Wilfond & Neal W. Dickert - 2021 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 12 (3):206-213.
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  8.  47
    Reasonably Vicious.Candace Vogler - 2002 - Harvard University Press.
    Is unethical conduct necessarily irrational? Answering this question requires giving an account of practical reason, of practical good, and of the source or point of wrongdoing. By the time most contemporary philosophers have done the first two, they have lost sight of the third, chalking up bad action to rashness, weakness of will, or ignorance. In this book, Candace Vogler does all three, taking as her guides scholars who contemplated why some people perform evil deeds. In doing so, she (...)
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  9.  1
    Explorations in Engagement for Humans and Robots.Candace L. Sidner, Christopher Lee, Cory D. Kidd, Neal Lesh & Charles Rich - 2005 - Artificial Intelligence 166 (1-2):140-164.
  10.  16
    Ethical Issues in Adolescent Consent for Research.Candace Lind, Beverly Anderson & Kathleen Oberle - 2003 - Nursing Ethics 10 (5):504-511.
    Different opinions are expressed in the literature regarding when children and adolescents can start to make decisions to participate in research and give informed consent. Nurses are frequently involved in research, either as investigators or caregivers, and must therefore have a thorough understanding of consent and related issues. In this article the issues are explored from a Canadian perspective. The argument is put forward that adolescents may be capable of a greater involvement in the research consent process than is the (...)
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  11.  11
    Doing Difference.Sarah Fenstermaker & Candace West - 1995 - Gender and Society 9 (1):8-37.
    In this article, we advance a new understanding of “difference” as an ongoing interactional accomplishment. Calling on the authors' earlier reconceptualization of gender, they develop the further implications of this perspective for the relationships among gender, race, and class. The authors argue that, despite significant differences in their characteristics and outcomes, gender, race, and class are comparable as mechanisms for producing social inequality.
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  12.  79
    Candace Vogler, Reasonably Vicious:Reasonably Vicious.Julia Driver - 2004 - Ethics 114 (4):845-848.
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  13.  3
    Religion, Emotion, and Symbolic Ritual: The Evolution of an Adaptive Complex.Candace S. Alcorta & Richard Sosis - 2005 - Human Nature 16 (4):323-359.
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  14. Candace A Vogler, John Stuart Mill's Deliberative Landscape. An Essay In Moral Psychology Reviewed By.Christoph Schmidt-Petri - 2001 - Philosophy in Review 21 (6):449-451.
     
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  15.  12
    The Ethical Challenges of the UN’s Clean Development Mechanism.Candace A. Martinez & J. D. Bowen - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 117 (4):807-821.
    This paper examines the ethical implications of the Clean Development Mechanism, the United Nation’s climate change initiative that provides incentives to countries and firms in developed countries to motivate investments in greenhouse gas reduction projects in developing countries. Using the tenets of agency theory, we present a solid waste management project in El Salvador as an illustrative example of how the CDM can produce a disproportionately high social cost for the most marginalized populations in the developing world. We suggest that (...)
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  16.  41
    Understanding and Respecting Privacy.Candace Cummings Gauthier - 2010 - In Christopher Meyers (ed.), Journalism Ethics: A Philosophical Approach. Oxford University Press. pp. 215.
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  17. Toward a Professional Responsibility Theory of Public Relations Ethics.Kathy Fitzpatrick & Candace Gauthier - 2001 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 16 (2-3):193-212.
    This article contributes to the development of a professional responsibility theory of public relations ethics. Toward that end, we examine the roles of a public relations practitioner as a professional, an institutional advocate, and the public conscience of institutions served. In the article, we review previously suggested theories of public relations ethics and propose a new theory based on the public relations professional's dual obligations to serve client organizations and the public interest.
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  18.  34
    The Virtue of Moral Responsibility in Healthcare Decisionmaking.Candace Cummins Gauthier - 2002 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (3):273-281.
    The principle of respect for autonomy is increasingly under siege as a valuable component of healthcare ethics. Its critics charge that it has been elevated to a position out of proportion to its contribution, so that the individual's wishes and rights have come to dominate healthcare decisionmaking, while obligations and responsibilities are ignored or devalued. If we are to salvage respect for autonomy we must find a way to reconnect the individual and the community, rights and responsibilities, in the way (...)
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  19.  3
    Accounting for Doing Gender.Don H. Zimmerman & Candace West - 2009 - Gender and Society 23 (1):112-122.
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  20.  4
    Center Bias Does Not Account for the Advantage of Meaning Over Salience in Attentional Guidance During Scene Viewing.Candace E. Peacock, Taylor R. Hayes & John M. Henderson - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  21. Meditation and the Scope of Mental Action.Michael Brent & Candace Upton - 2019 - Philosophical Psychology 32 (1):52-71.
    While philosophers of mind have devoted abundant time and attention to questions of content and consciousness, philosophical questions about the nature and scope of mental action have been relatively neglected. Galen Strawson’s account of mental action, arguably the most well-known extant account, holds that cognitive mental action consists in triggering the delivery of content to one’s field of consciousness. However, Strawson fails to recognize several distinct types of mental action that might not reduce to triggering content delivery. In this paper, (...)
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  22.  27
    Teaching the Virtues: Justifications and Recommendations.Candace C. Gauthier - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (3):339-.
    The current interest in and discussion of virtue ethics suggests that this approach to moral decisionmaking has several distinct advantages as applied to ethical issues in healthcare delivery. For the most part, calls to incorporate the virtues of the healthcare provider in discussions of these issues have sought to supplement rather than totally replace traditional ethical theories, such as the utilitarian focus on maximizing the best overall consequences and the Kantian concern to act on the duty of respect for persons. (...)
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  23. Authority: HLA Hart and the Problem with Legal Positivism.Candace J. Groudine - 1980 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 4 (3):273-288.
     
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  24.  5
    Balancing Research and Service in Academia: Gender, Race, and Laboratory Tasks.Josipa Roksa & Candace Miller - 2020 - Gender and Society 34 (1):131-152.
    Our study highlights specific ways in which race and gender create inequality in the workplace. Using in-depth interviews with 67 biology PhD students, we show how engagement with research and service varies by both gender and race. By considering the intersection between gender and race, we find not only that women biology graduate students do more service than men, but also that racial and ethnic minority men do more service than white men. White men benefit from a combination of racial (...)
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  25.  20
    Peril and Possibility.Candace Sobers - 2020 - CLR James Journal 26 (1):199-218.
    In a 2012 review article, Anthony P. Maingot made a case for each generation rewriting history according to its own needs and preoccupations. Everyone, he suggested, has their own C.L.R. James. Everyone, perhaps, except students of international relations and international history, where references to James’s copious and critical body of work are less common. In the spirit of finding one’s own James, this article employs The Black Jacobins and James’s other magnum opus, World Revolution,1917–1936: The Rise and Fall of the (...)
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  26.  18
    Why We Mean What We Say: The History and Use of ‘Corporate Social Responsibility’.Candace Hetzner - 1987 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 6 (3):23-37.
  27.  12
    Traveling Chaucer: Comparative Translation and Cosmopolitan Humanism.Candace Barrington - 2014 - Educational Theory 64 (5):463-477.
    Through the comparative study of non-Anglophone translations of Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales, we can achieve the progressive goals of Emily Apter's “translational transnationalism” and Edward Said's “cosmopolitan humanism.” Both translation and humanism were intrinsic to Chaucer's initial composition of the Tales, and in turn, both shaped Chaucer's later reception, often in ways that did a disservice to his reputation and his verse. In this essay, Candace Barrington argues that comparative translation provides a means whereby new modes of translation, (...)
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  28.  20
    Aristotelian Necessity.Candace Vogler - 2020 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 87:101-110.
    At the center of contemporary neo-Aristotelian naturalism is the thought that we can account for a great deal of ethics by thinking about what is needful in human life generally. When we think about practices like promising, virtues like justice or courage, and institutions that serve to produce, maintain, and help to reproduce well-ordered social life we can make some headway we consider the sense in which our topic makes some forms of human good possible and even, in some cases, (...)
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  29.  53
    Why Ritual Works: A Rejection of the by-Product Hypothesis.Storey Alcorta Candace & Sosis Richard - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6):614.
    We argue that ritual is not a by-product as Boyer & Lienard (B&L) claim, but rather an evolved adaptation for social communication that facilitates non-agonistic social interactions among non-kin. We review the neurophysiological effects of ritual and propose neural structures and networks beyond the cortical-striato-pallidal-thalamic circuit (CSPT) likely to be implicated in ritual. The adaptationist approach to ritual offers a more parsimonious model for understanding these effects as well as the findings B&L present. (Published Online February 8 2007).
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  30.  28
    Beyond Animal Husbandry: The Study of Farm Animal Cognition and Ensuing Ethical Issues.C. C. Croney, B. Gardner & S. Baggot - 2004 - Essays in Philosophy 5 (2):8.
    Concerns about the welfare of agricultural animals in corporate or “factory farming” systems are growing. Increasingly, it is suggested that modern farm animal production practices are morally objectionable, causing physical and mental suffering to animals. Such criticisms are premised on beliefs about the mental capacities of farm animals that are not wholly supported by scientific evidence, for little is known about farm animal cognition. Some animal scientists, realizing that concerns about the treatment of agricultural animals cannot be addressed in absence (...)
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  31. Virtue Ethics and Moral Psychology: The Situationism Debate.Candace L. Upton - 2009 - The Journal of Ethics 13 (2-3):103-115.
  32. The Structure of Character.Candace L. Upton - 2009 - The Journal of Ethics 13 (2-3):175-193.
    In this paper, I defend a local account of character traits that posits traits like close-friend-honesty and good-mood-compassion. John Doris also defends local character traits, but his local character traits are indistinguishable from mere behavioral dispositions, they are not necessary for the purpose which allegedly justifies them, and their justification is only contingent, depending upon the prevailing empirical situation. The account of local traits I defend posits local traits that are traits of character rather than behavioral dispositions, local traits that (...)
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  33.  38
    The Virtue of Moral Responsibility and the Obligations of Patients.Candace Cummins Gauthier - 2005 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (2):153 – 166.
    The American Medical Association has provided a list of patient responsibilities, said to be derived from patient autonomy, without providing any justification for this derivation. In this article, the virtue of moral responsibility is proposed as a way to justify these kinds of limits on respect for individual autonomy. The need for such limits is explained by examining the traditional principles of health care ethics. What is missing in health care decision making, and can be provided by the virtue of (...)
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  34. Jacques Rancière, The Ignorant Schoolmaster: Five Lessons in Intellectual Emancipation Reviewed By.Candace Lang - 1992 - Philosophy in Review 12 (5):344-347.
     
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  35.  16
    Candace Ward. Desire and Disorder: Fevers, Fictions, and Feeling in English Georgian Culture: Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press, 2007. 297 Pp. [REVIEW]Geoffrey M. Sill - 2010 - Journal of Medical Humanities 32 (1):65-67.
  36.  13
    Teaching Statistics to the Innumerata: Statistical Reasoning Workshop.Candace Clark & Carlos Pratt - 1989 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 4 (1):8-8.
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  37.  10
    Teaching Statistics to the Innumerata: Statistical Reasoning Workshop.Candace Clark & Carlos Pratt - 1989 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 4 (1):8-8.
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  38.  87
    Privacy Invasion by the News Media: Three Ethical Models.Candace Cummins Gauthier - 2002 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 17 (1):20-34.
    In this article I provide an overview of philosophical conceptions of privacy and suggest 3 models to assist with the ethical analysis of privacy invasion by the news media. The models are framed by respect for persons, the comparison of harms and benefits, and the transfer of power. After describing the models, I demonstrate how they can be applied to news reporting that invades the privacy of public figures.
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  39. Anscombe on Practical Inference.Candace A. Vogler - 2001 - In Elijah Millgram (ed.), Varieties of Practical Reasoning. MIT Press. pp. 437--464.
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  40.  41
    Paradoxes of Pitch Space.Candace Brower - 2008 - Music Analysis 27 (1):51-106.
    Parallels between the mathematics of tiling, which describes geometries of visual space, and neo-Riemannian theory, which describes geometries of musical space, make it possible to show that certain paradoxes featured in the visual artworks of M. C. Escher also appear in the pitch space modelled by the neo-Riemannian Tonnetz . This article makes these paradoxes visually apparent by constructing an embodied model of triadic pitch space in accordance with principles drawn from the mathematics of tiling, on the one hand, and (...)
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  41.  83
    Moral Responsibility and Respect for Autonomy: Meeting the Communitarian Challenge.Candace Cummins Gauthier - 2000 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 10 (4):337-352.
    : The principle of respect for autonomy has come under increasing attack both within health care ethics, specifically, and as part of the more general communitarian challenge to predominantly liberal values. This paper will demonstrate the importance of respect for autonomy for the social practice of assigning moral responsibility and for the development of moral responsibility as a virtue. Guided by this virtue, the responsible exercise of autonomy may provide a much-needed connection between the individual and the community.
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  42.  39
    The Empirical Argument Against Virtue.Candace Upton - 2016 - The Journal of Ethics 20 (4):355-371.
    The virtues are under fire. Several decades’ worth of social psychological findings establish a correlation between human behavior and the situation moral agents inhabit, from which a cadre of moral philosophers concludes that most moral agents lack the virtues. Mark Alfano and Christian Miller introduce novel versions of this argument, but they are subject to a fatal dilemma. Alfano and Miller wrongly assume that their requirements for virtue apply universally to moral agents, who vary radically in their psychological, physiological, and (...)
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  43. The Effect of Cognitive Relevance of Directed Actions on Mathematical Reasoning.Candace Walkington, Mitchell J. Nathan, Min Wang & Kelsey Schenck - 2022 - Cognitive Science 46 (9).
    Cognitive Science, Volume 46, Issue 9, September 2022.
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  44.  98
    The Believing Primate: Scientific, Philosophical, and Theological Reflections on the Origin of Religion.Candace S. Alcorta - 2010 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 24 (2):233-236.
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  45.  25
    Meditation and the Cultivation of Virtue.Candace Upton - 2017 - Philosophical Psychology 30 (4):373-394.
    In recent decades, social psychology has produced an expansive array of studies wherein introducing a seemingly morally innocuous feature into the situation a subject inhabits often yields morally questionable, dubious, or even appalling behavior. Several fascinating lines of philosophical enquiry issue from this research, but the most pragmatically salient question concerns how we ought most effectively to develop and maintain the virtues so that such putatively morally problematic behavior is less likely to occur. In this paper, I examine four empirically (...)
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  46.  11
    David Wallace, Geoffrey Chaucer: A New Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017. Pp. Xiii, 172; 16 Black-and-White Figures. $19.95. ISBN: 978-0-19-880506-9. [REVIEW]Candace Barrington - 2019 - Speculum 94 (2):599-600.
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  47.  4
    Review of “Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Mind”. [REVIEW]Candace L. Shelby - 2009 - Essays in Philosophy 10 (1):1.
  48.  18
    Celibacy and Its Implications For Autonomy.Candace Watson - 1987 - Hypatia 2 (2):157-158.
    This paper connects celibacy to autonomy, which is derived from economic, emotional, and sexual self-determination. Although society attempts to control and define women's sexuality, the celibate woman who masturbates can retrieve her sexuality without the massive social rearrangements which are necessary for economic and emotional liberation. Because masturbation is accessible and singular, sexual autonomy is available to a woman who chooses celibacy, regardless of the other exigencies in her life, as illustrated in the example here from popular literature.
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  49. Johnson, Dominic. 2016. God Is Watching You: How the Fear of God Makes Us Human. [REVIEW]Candace S. Alcorta - 2017 - Evolutionary Studies in Imaginative Culture 1 (1):251-254.
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  50.  31
    The Moral of the Story.Candace Vogler - 2007 - Critical Inquiry 34 (1):5.
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