Results for 'Candace Croney'

142 found
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  1.  12
    An Overview of Engineering Approaches to Improving Agricultural Animal Welfare.Candace Croney, William Muir, Ji-Qin Ni, Nicole Olynk Widmar & Gary Varner - 2018 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 31 (2):143-159.
    In this essay, we provide an overview of how production systems can be re-engineered to improve the welfare of the animals involved. At least three potential options exist: engineering their environments to better fit the animals, engineering the animals themselves to better fit their environments, and eliminating the animals from the system by growing meat in vitro rather than on farms. The morality of consuming animal products and the conditions under which agricultural animals are maintained remain highly contentious, and when (...)
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  2. Acquisition of a Joystick-Operated Video Task by Pigs.Candace C. Croney & Sarah T. Boysen - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The ability of two Panepinto micro pigs and two Yorkshire pigs to acquire a joystick-operated video-game task was investigated. Subjects were trained to manipulate a joystick that controlled movement of a cursor displayed on a computer monitor. The pigs were required to move the cursor to make contact with three-, two-, or one-walled targets randomly allocated for position on the monitor, and a reward was provided if the cursor collided with a target. The video-task acquisition required conceptual understanding of the (...)
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  3.  6
    Reframing Recruitment: Evaluating Framing in Authorization for Research Contact Programs.Candace D. Speight, Charlie Gregor, Yi-An Ko, Stephanie A. Kraft, Andrea R. Mitchell, Nyiramugisha K. Niyibizi, Bradley G. Phillips, Kathryn M. Porter, Seema K. Shah, Jeremy Sugarman, Benjamin S. Wilfond & Neal W. Dickert - 2021 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 12 (3):206-213.
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  4.  59
    Ritual, Emotion, and Sacred Symbols.Candace S. Alcorta & Richard Sosis - 2005 - Human Nature 16 (4):323-359.
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  5.  68
    Doing Gender.Don H. Zimmerman & Candace West - 1987 - Gender and Society 1 (2):125-151.
    The purpose of this article is to advance a new understanding of gender as a routine accomplishment embedded in everyday interaction. To do so entails a critical assessment of existing perspectives on sex and gender and the introduction of important distinctions among sex, sex category, and gender. We argue that recognition of the analytical independence of these concepts is essential for understanding the interactional work involved in being a gendered person in society. The thrust of our remarks is toward theoretical (...)
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  6.  44
    Reasonably Vicious.Candace A. Vogler - 2002 - Harvard University Press.
    Is unethical conduct necessarily irrational? Answering this question requires giving an account of practical reason, of practical good, and of the source or point of wrongdoing. By the time most contemporary philosophers have done the first two, they have lost sight of the third, chalking up bad action to rashness, weakness of will, or ignorance. In this book, Candace Vogler does all three, taking as her guides scholars who contemplated why some people perform evil deeds. In doing so, she (...)
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  7.  1
    Explorations in Engagement for Humans and Robots.Candace L. Sidner, Christopher Lee, Cory D. Kidd, Neal Lesh & Charles Rich - 2005 - Artificial Intelligence 166 (1-2):140-164.
  8.  10
    Context, Character and Consequentialist Friendships: Candace L. Upton.Candace L. Upton - 2008 - Utilitas 20 (3):334-347.
    One prevailing objection to consequentialism holds that the consequentialist cannot promote both agent-neutral value and her own personal friendships: the consequentialist cannot be a genuine friend. Several versions of this objection have been advanced, but an even more sophisticated version of the charge is available. However, even this more sophisticated version fails, as it assumes a traditional, context-insensitive, account of character traits. In this article, I develop and defend a novel account of character traits that is context-sensitive and also supports (...)
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  9.  16
    Ethical Issues in Adolescent Consent for Research.Candace Lind, Beverly Anderson & Kathleen Oberle - 2003 - Nursing Ethics 10 (5):504-511.
    Different opinions are expressed in the literature regarding when children and adolescents can start to make decisions to participate in research and give informed consent. Nurses are frequently involved in research, either as investigators or caregivers, and must therefore have a thorough understanding of consent and related issues. In this article the issues are explored from a Canadian perspective. The argument is put forward that adolescents may be capable of a greater involvement in the research consent process than is the (...)
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  10.  5
    Doing Difference.Sarah Fenstermaker & Candace West - 1995 - Gender and Society 9 (1):8-37.
    In this article, we advance a new understanding of “difference” as an ongoing interactional accomplishment. Calling on the authors' earlier reconceptualization of gender, they develop the further implications of this perspective for the relationships among gender, race, and class. The authors argue that, despite significant differences in their characteristics and outcomes, gender, race, and class are comparable as mechanisms for producing social inequality.
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  11.  2
    Religion, Emotion, and Symbolic Ritual: The Evolution of an Adaptive Complex.Candace S. Alcorta & Richard Sosis - 2005 - Human Nature 16 (4):323-359.
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  12.  9
    Pregnant Woman Versus Mosquito: A Feminist Epidemiology of Zika Virus.Candace Johnson - 2017 - Journal of International Political Theory 13 (2):233-250.
    This article investigates the contradictions between public health protocols and infection containment efforts concerning Zika virus and reproductive rights. In El Salvador, for example, women are being advised to avoid pregnancy until 2018, at which time local authorities hope that the virus will be under control. This is not so easy, however, as there is limited access to contraception, abortion is illegal in all instances, and women tend to have little household authority. In this article, I examine the policy, legal, (...)
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  13. Authority: HLA Hart and the Problem with Legal Positivism.Candace J. Groudine - 1980 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 4 (3):273-288.
     
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  14.  30
    The Virtue of Moral Responsibility in Healthcare Decisionmaking.Candace Cummins Gauthier - 2002 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (3):273-281.
    The principle of respect for autonomy is increasingly under siege as a valuable component of healthcare ethics. Its critics charge that it has been elevated to a position out of proportion to its contribution, so that the individual's wishes and rights have come to dominate healthcare decisionmaking, while obligations and responsibilities are ignored or devalued. If we are to salvage respect for autonomy we must find a way to reconnect the individual and the community, rights and responsibilities, in the way (...)
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  15.  25
    Teaching the Virtues: Justifications and Recommendations.Candace C. Gauthier - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (3):339-.
    The current interest in and discussion of virtue ethics suggests that this approach to moral decisionmaking has several distinct advantages as applied to ethical issues in healthcare delivery. For the most part, calls to incorporate the virtues of the healthcare provider in discussions of these issues have sought to supplement rather than totally replace traditional ethical theories, such as the utilitarian focus on maximizing the best overall consequences and the Kantian concern to act on the duty of respect for persons. (...)
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  16.  5
    Balancing Research and Service in Academia: Gender, Race, and Laboratory Tasks.Josipa Roksa & Candace Miller - 2020 - Gender and Society 34 (1):131-152.
    Our study highlights specific ways in which race and gender create inequality in the workplace. Using in-depth interviews with 67 biology PhD students, we show how engagement with research and service varies by both gender and race. By considering the intersection between gender and race, we find not only that women biology graduate students do more service than men, but also that racial and ethnic minority men do more service than white men. White men benefit from a combination of racial (...)
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  17.  27
    Beyond Animal Husbandry: The Study of Farm Animal Cognition and Ensuing Ethical Issues.C. C. Croney, B. Gardner & S. Baggot - 2004 - Essays in Philosophy 5 (2):8.
    Concerns about the welfare of agricultural animals in corporate or “factory farming” systems are growing. Increasingly, it is suggested that modern farm animal production practices are morally objectionable, causing physical and mental suffering to animals. Such criticisms are premised on beliefs about the mental capacities of farm animals that are not wholly supported by scientific evidence, for little is known about farm animal cognition. Some animal scientists, realizing that concerns about the treatment of agricultural animals cannot be addressed in absence (...)
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  18. Virtue Ethics and Moral Psychology: The Situationism Debate.Candace L. Upton - 2009 - The Journal of Ethics 13 (2-3):103-115.
  19.  11
    The Ethical Challenges of the UN’s Clean Development Mechanism.Candace A. Martinez & J. D. Bowen - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 117 (4):807-821.
    This paper examines the ethical implications of the Clean Development Mechanism, the United Nation’s climate change initiative that provides incentives to countries and firms in developed countries to motivate investments in greenhouse gas reduction projects in developing countries. Using the tenets of agency theory, we present a solid waste management project in El Salvador as an illustrative example of how the CDM can produce a disproportionately high social cost for the most marginalized populations in the developing world. We suggest that (...)
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  20. Toward a Professional Responsibility Theory of Public Relations Ethics.Kathy Fitzpatrick & Candace Gauthier - 2001 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 16 (2-3):193-212.
    This article contributes to the development of a professional responsibility theory of public relations ethics. Toward that end, we examine the roles of a public relations practitioner as a professional, an institutional advocate, and the public conscience of institutions served. In the article, we review previously suggested theories of public relations ethics and propose a new theory based on the public relations professional's dual obligations to serve client organizations and the public interest.
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  21.  53
    Why Ritual Works: A Rejection of the by-Product Hypothesis.Storey Alcorta Candace & Sosis Richard - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6):614.
    We argue that ritual is not a by-product as Boyer & Lienard (B&L) claim, but rather an evolved adaptation for social communication that facilitates non-agonistic social interactions among non-kin. We review the neurophysiological effects of ritual and propose neural structures and networks beyond the cortical-striato-pallidal-thalamic circuit (CSPT) likely to be implicated in ritual. The adaptationist approach to ritual offers a more parsimonious model for understanding these effects as well as the findings B&L present. (Published Online February 8 2007).
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  22. The Structure of Character.Candace L. Upton - 2009 - The Journal of Ethics 13 (2-3):175-193.
    In this paper, I defend a local account of character traits that posits traits like close-friend-honesty and good-mood-compassion. John Doris also defends local character traits, but his local character traits are indistinguishable from mere behavioral dispositions, they are not necessary for the purpose which allegedly justifies them, and their justification is only contingent, depending upon the prevailing empirical situation. The account of local traits I defend posits local traits that are traits of character rather than behavioral dispositions, local traits that (...)
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  23.  34
    The Virtue of Moral Responsibility and the Obligations of Patients.Candace Cummins Gauthier - 2005 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (2):153 – 166.
    The American Medical Association has provided a list of patient responsibilities, said to be derived from patient autonomy, without providing any justification for this derivation. In this article, the virtue of moral responsibility is proposed as a way to justify these kinds of limits on respect for individual autonomy. The need for such limits is explained by examining the traditional principles of health care ethics. What is missing in health care decision making, and can be provided by the virtue of (...)
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  24. Anscombe on Practical Inference.Candace A. Vogler - 2001 - In Elijah Millgram (ed.), Varieties of Practical Reasoning. MIT Press. pp. 437--464.
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  25.  36
    The Empirical Argument Against Virtue.Candace Upton - 2016 - The Journal of Ethics 20 (4):355-371.
    The virtues are under fire. Several decades’ worth of social psychological findings establish a correlation between human behavior and the situation moral agents inhabit, from which a cadre of moral philosophers concludes that most moral agents lack the virtues. Mark Alfano and Christian Miller introduce novel versions of this argument, but they are subject to a fatal dilemma. Alfano and Miller wrongly assume that their requirements for virtue apply universally to moral agents, who vary radically in their psychological, physiological, and (...)
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  26.  2
    Accounting for Doing Gender.Don H. Zimmerman & Candace West - 2009 - Gender and Society 23 (1):112-122.
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  27.  81
    Moral Responsibility and Respect for Autonomy: Meeting the Communitarian Challenge.Candace Cummins Gauthier - 2000 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 10 (4):337-352.
    : The principle of respect for autonomy has come under increasing attack both within health care ethics, specifically, and as part of the more general communitarian challenge to predominantly liberal values. This paper will demonstrate the importance of respect for autonomy for the social practice of assigning moral responsibility and for the development of moral responsibility as a virtue. Guided by this virtue, the responsible exercise of autonomy may provide a much-needed connection between the individual and the community.
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  28.  8
    Aberrance in Criticism?Candace Lang - 1983 - Substance 12 (4):3.
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  29.  23
    Meditation and the Cultivation of Virtue.Candace Upton - 2017 - Philosophical Psychology 30 (4):373-394.
    In recent decades, social psychology has produced an expansive array of studies wherein introducing a seemingly morally innocuous feature into the situation a subject inhabits often yields morally questionable, dubious, or even appalling behavior. Several fascinating lines of philosophical enquiry issue from this research, but the most pragmatically salient question concerns how we ought most effectively to develop and maintain the virtues so that such putatively morally problematic behavior is less likely to occur. In this paper, I examine four empirically (...)
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  30.  74
    A Contextual Account of Character Traits.Candace L. Upton - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 122 (2):133-151.
    Character traits have several vital functions. They should enable us to assess others morally, inform us of others’ behavioral tendencies, and accurately explain and predict others’ behavior. But traits of character, as they have traditionally been understood, cannot adequately serve these purposes. For character traits are traditionally thought to be context-insensitive. The Contextual Account of Character Traits, which I here develop and defend, posits traits that are context-sensitive. Context-sensitive character traits are more receptive to the complexity of human psychology and (...)
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  31.  82
    Privacy Invasion by the News Media: Three Ethical Models.Candace Cummins Gauthier - 2002 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 17 (1):20-34.
    In this article I provide an overview of philosophical conceptions of privacy and suggest 3 models to assist with the ethical analysis of privacy invasion by the news media. The models are framed by respect for persons, the comparison of harms and benefits, and the transfer of power. After describing the models, I demonstrate how they can be applied to news reporting that invades the privacy of public figures.
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  32. Modern Moral Philosophy Again: Isolating the Promulgation Problem.Candace Vogler - 2006 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 106 (3):345–362.
    There are different ways of understanding the place of virtue in ethics. I will be interested in certain of the most ambitious, those neo-Aristotelian views that take it that right action is action from and for the sake of virtue, that right practical reasoning is virtuous practical reasoning, that the virtues are corrective,[i] and that, as Philippa Foot put it, "not every man who has a virtue has something that is a virtue in him."[ii] Virtues regulate individual action and response (...)
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  33.  27
    Situational Traits of Character: Dispositional Foundations and Implications for Moral Psychology and Friendship.Candace L. Upton - 2009 - Lexington Books.
    Introduction -- Global traits of character -- Traits as dispositions -- Situational traits of character -- Situational traits and social psychology -- Situational traits and the friendly consequentialist.
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  34.  25
    Philosophical Foundations of Respect for Autonomy.Candace Cummins Gauthier - 1993 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 3 (1):21-37.
  35.  39
    Ritual Harmony: Toward an Evolutionary Theory of Music.Candace S. Alcorta, Richard Sosis & Daniel Finkel - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):576-577.
    Juslin & Vll (J&V) advance our understanding of the proximate mechanisms underlying emotional responses to music, but fail to integrate their findings into a comprehensive evolutionary model that addresses the adaptive functions of these responses. Here we offer such a model by examining the ontogenetic relationship between music, ritual, and symbolic abstraction and their role in facilitating social coordination and cooperation.
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  36.  56
    An Obscure Rider Obstructing Science: The Conflation of Parthenotes with Embryos in the Dickey–Wicker Amendment.Teresa Woodruff, Candace Tingen, Lisa Campo-Engelstein & Sarah Rodriguez - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (3):20-28.
    (2011). An Obscure Rider Obstructing Science: The Conflation of Parthenotes with Embryos in the Dickey–Wicker Amendment. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 20-28.
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  37.  64
    Nothing Added.Candace Vogler - 2016 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 90 (2):229-247.
    Although most work in contemporary Anglophone philosophical action theory understands Elizabeth Anscombe’s monograph on Intention as the work that inaugurates the field, action theory often operates by setting out to understand intentional action by investigating the psychological antecedents of intention action. Now, Anscombe has no quarrel with moral psychology. Intention is a work of moral psychology, but it is a kind of moral psychology in which we attend to the act of deliberately making something the case in order to understand (...)
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  38.  32
    Active Voluntary Euthanasia, Terminal Sedation, and Assisted Suicide.Candace Cummins Gauthier - 2001 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 12 (1):43.
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  39.  15
    Xiv*—Modern Moral Philosophy Again: Isolating the Promulgation Problem.Candace Vogler - 2006 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 106 (3):345-362.
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  40.  29
    The Moral of the Story.Candace Vogler - 2007 - Critical Inquiry 34 (1):5.
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  41.  1
    REPLY: (Re)Doing Difference.Sarah Fenstermaker & Candace West - 1995 - Gender and Society 9 (4):506-513.
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  42.  51
    Nothing Added in Advance.Candace Vogler - forthcoming - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly.
  43.  59
    Lack of Character: Personality and Moral Behavior. [REVIEW]Candace Upton - 2005 - Journal of Value Inquiry 39 (3-4):507-512.
  44.  12
    Xiv &Ast;—Modern Moral Philosophy Again: Isolating the Promulgation Problem.Candace Vogler - 2006 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society (Paperback) 106 (3):345-362.
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  45.  58
    Philosophical Feminism, Feminist Philosophy.Candace Vogler - 1995 - Philosophical Topics 23 (2):295-319.
  46.  12
    Traveling Chaucer: Comparative Translation and Cosmopolitan Humanism.Candace Barrington - 2014 - Educational Theory 64 (5):463-477.
    Through the comparative study of non-Anglophone translations of Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales, we can achieve the progressive goals of Emily Apter's “translational transnationalism” and Edward Said's “cosmopolitan humanism.” Both translation and humanism were intrinsic to Chaucer's initial composition of the Tales, and in turn, both shaped Chaucer's later reception, often in ways that did a disservice to his reputation and his verse. In this essay, Candace Barrington argues that comparative translation provides a means whereby new modes of translation, (...)
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  47.  24
    Ethical Discourse and Foucault's Conception of Ethics.Mary Candace Moore - 1987 - Human Studies 10 (1):81 - 95.
  48.  56
    Is Religion Adaptive?Richard Sosis & Candace Alcorta - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):749-750.
    We argue that religious ritual's ability to facilitate communication and the pervasiveness of its basic characteristics across societies, as well as its precedence in other social species, suggests that religious behavior is more than a mere by-product. Religious constructs constitute associationally conditioned mnemonics that trigger neuroendocrine responses which motivate religious behaviors. The adaptive value of these constructs resides in their utility as memorable and emotionally evocative primes.
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  49.  38
    Natural Virtue and Proper Upbringing.Candace Vogler - 2013 - In Julia Peters (ed.), Aristotelian Ethics in Contemporary Perspective. Routledge. pp. 145.
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  50.  3
    Center Bias Does Not Account for the Advantage of Meaning Over Salience in Attentional Guidance During Scene Viewing.Candace E. Peacock, Taylor R. Hayes & John M. Henderson - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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