Results for 'Donald E. Stanley'

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  1.  9
    Strategies in Abduction: Generating and Selecting Diagnostic Hypotheses.Donald E. Stanley & Rune Nyrup - 2020 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 45 (2):159-178.
    We distinguish three aspects of medical diagnosis: generating new diagnostic hypotheses, selecting hypotheses for further pursuit, and evaluating their probability in light of the available evidence. Drawing on Peirce’s account of abduction, we argue that hypothesis generation is amenable to normative analysis: physicians need to make good decisions about when and how to generate new diagnostic hypothesis as well as when to stop. The intertwining relationship between the generation and selection of diagnostic hypotheses is illustrated through the analysis of a (...)
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  2.  9
    The Logic of Medical Diagnosis: Generating and Selecting Hypotheses.Donald E. Stanley & Donald Stanley - 2019 - Topoi 38 (2):437-446.
    Clinical diagnostic medicine is an experimental science based on observation, hypothesis making, and testing. It is an use dynamic process that involves observation and summary, diagnostic conjectures, testing, review, observation and summary, new or revised conjectures, i.e. it is an iterative process. It can then be said that diagnostic hypotheses are also ‘observation-laden’. My aim is to enlarge on the strategies of medical diagnosis as these are meshed in training and clinical experience—that is, to describe the patterns of reasoning used (...)
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  3.  67
    The Logic of Medical Diagnosis.Donald E. Stanley & Daniel G. Campos - 2013 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 56 (2):300-315.
  4.  9
    Medical Reasoning and Doctor‐Patient Communication.Donald E. Stanley & Scott R. Sehon - 2019 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 25 (6):962-969.
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  5.  13
    The Logic of Medical Diagnosis: Generating and Selecting Hypotheses.Donald E. Stanley - 2019 - Topoi 38 (2):437-446.
    Clinical diagnostic medicine is an experimental science based on observation, hypothesis making, and testing. It is an use dynamic process that involves observation and summary, diagnostic conjectures, testing, review, observation and summary, new or revised conjectures, i.e. it is an iterative process. It can then be said that diagnostic hypotheses are also ‘observation-laden’. My aim is to enlarge on the strategies of medical diagnosis as these are meshed in training and clinical experience—that is, to describe the patterns of reasoning used (...)
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  6.  25
    Cravings for Deliverance by Schulte Paul.Donald E. Stanley - 2015 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 51 (3):393-394.
    William James, like his father before him, devoted much attention to religion. He defended the human desire to have faith in something, or some being, whose existence could not be empirically defended. Faith generated a feeling of ease and peacefulness, and therefore could be considered a moral good. In The Varieties of Religious Experience James argued that faith could be discovered and enacted in unconventional ways.Mr. Schulte has redefined James’s thesis to support Alcoholic Anonymous 3rd edition. He claims that James (...)
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  7.  8
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Michael V. Belok, Donald A. Dellow, Joseph M. McCarthy, Harvey G. Neufeldt, Emilie Duimstra, Bronars Jr, E. V. Johanningmeier, Hilda Calabro, Ralph Erickson, Ann Franklin, Elaine F. McNally & Stanley Goldstein - 1979 - Educational Studies 10 (2):201-222.
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  8.  15
    Moral Philosophy After Austin and Wittgenstein: Stanley Cavell and Donald MacKinnon.Andrew D. Bowyer - 2018 - Studies in Christian Ethics 31 (1):49-64.
    There are broad commonalities between the projects of Donald MacKinnon and Stanley Cavell sufficient to make the claim that they struck an analogous pose in their respective contexts. This is not to discount their manifest differences. In the milieu of 1960s and 1970s Cambridge, MacKinnon argued in support of a qualified language of metaphysics in the service of a renewed catholic humanism and Christian socialism. At Harvard, Cavell articulated commitments that made him more at home in the world (...)
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  9.  48
    Narrative Knowing and the Human Sciences.Donald E. Polkinghorne - 1988 - State University of New York Press.
    This book expands the concept of the nature of science and provides a practical research alternative for those who work with people and organizations.
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  10.  2
    The Simulation of Human Intelligence.Donald E. Broadbent (ed.) - 1993 - Blackwell.
    In this series of lectures, a distinguished group of international contributors from a variety of disciplines debate the current position of the recent achievements in engineering and computer science. (Technology & Industrial).
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  11.  29
    The Maltese Cross: A New Simplistic Model for Memory.Donald E. Broadbent - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (1):55-68.
    This paper puts forward a general framework for thought about human information processing. It is intended to avoid some of the problems of pipeline or stage models of function. At the same time it avoids the snare of supposing a welter of indefinitely many separate processes. The approach is not particularly original, but rather represents the common elements or presuppositions in a number of modern theories. These presuppositions are not usually explicit, however, and making them so reduces the danger of (...)
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  12.  15
    Selective and Control Processes.Donald E. Broadbent - 1981 - Cognition 10 (1-3):53-58.
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  13.  8
    Limited Dispersal Between Dialects?: Hypotheses Testable in the Field.Donald E. Kroodsma - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (1):108-109.
  14.  46
    Individualist Economic Values and Self-Interest: The Problem in the Puritan Ethic. [REVIEW]Donald E. Frey - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (14):1573-1580.
    The Puritan ethic is conventionally interpreted as a set of individualistic values that encourage a degree of self-interest inimical to the good of organizations and society. A closer reading of original Puritan moralists reveals a different ethic. Puritan moralists simultaneously legitimated economic individualism while urging individuals to work for the common good. They contrasted self-interest and the common good, which they understood to be the sinful and moral ends, respectively, of economic individualism. This polarity can be found in all the (...)
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  15.  2
    Incentives: Motivation and the Economics of Information.Donald E. Campbell - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book, first published in 2006, examines the incentives at work in a wide range of institutions to see how and how well coordination is achieved by informing and motivating individual decision makers. The book examines the performance of agents hired to carry out specific tasks, from taxi drivers to CEOs. It investigates the performance of institutions, from voting schemes to kidney transplants, to see if they enhance general well being. The book examines a broad range of market transactions, from (...)
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  16.  21
    Two Modes of Learning for Interactive Tasks.Neil A. Hayes & Donald E. Broadbent - 1988 - Cognition 28 (3):249-276.
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  17.  2
    An Analysis of Alpha-Beta Pruning.Donald E. Knuth & Ronald W. Moore - 1975 - Artificial Intelligence 6 (4):293-326.
  18. Hume's Dialogue IX Defended.Donald E. Stahl - 1984 - Philosophical Quarterly 34 (137):505-507.
  19.  57
    Fairness, Feelings, and Ethical Decision- Making: Consequences of Violating Community Standards of Fairness. [REVIEW]Maurice E. Schweitzer & Donald E. Gibson - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (3):287 - 301.
    In this article, we describe the influence of violations of community standards of fairness (Kahneman, Knetsch, and Thaler, 1986a) on subsequent ethical decision-making and emotions. Across two studies, we manipulated explanations for a common action, and we find that explanations that violate community standards of fairness (e.g., by taking advantage of an in crease in market power) lead to greater intentions to behave unethically than explanations that are consistent with community standards of fairness (e.g., by passing along a price increase). (...)
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  20.  10
    National Summit on Legal Preparedness for Obesity Prevention and Control.Donald E. Benken, Meredith S. Reynolds & Alicia S. Hunter - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (s1):5-6.
    The National Summit on Legal Preparedness for Obesity Prevention and Control was conceived by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as a strategic conference to review the current status of legal preparedness for obesity prevention and control, identify potential gaps, and develop specific action options for improving the contribution law can make to reduce the health threat posed by obesity. Working with the collaborating partners and planning committe, the host committe planned and modeled after the Summit CDC’s 2007 conference (...)
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  21.  24
    Stripped Away: Some Contemporary Obscurities Surrounding Metaphysics Z 3 (1029a10-26).Donald E. Stahl - 1981 - Phronesis 26 (2):177-180.
  22.  7
    National Summit on Legal Preparedness for Obesity Prevention and Control.Donald E. Benken, Meredith S. Reynolds & Alicia S. Hunter - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (s1):5-6.
    The National Summit on Legal Preparedness for Obesity Prevention and Control was conceived by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as a strategic conference to review the current status of legal preparedness for obesity prevention and control, identify potential gaps, and develop specific action options for improving the contribution law can make to reduce the health threat posed by obesity. Working with the collaborating partners and planning committe, the host committe planned and modeled after the Summit CDC’s 2007 conference (...)
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  23.  11
    The Indus Civilization.Donald E. McCown & Mortimer Wheeler - 1954 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 74 (3):176.
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  24.  5
    Fairness, Feelings, and Ethical Decision- Making: Consequences of Violating Community Standards of Fairness.Maurice E. Schweitzer & Donald E. Gibson - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (3):287-301.
    In this article, we describe the influence of violations of community standards of fairness on subsequent ethical decision-making and emotions. Across two studies, we manipulated explanations for a common action, and we find that explanations that violate community standards of fairness lead to greater intentions to behave unethically than explanations that are consistent with community standards of fairness. We find that perceptions of justifiability mediate this relationship. We also find that individuals derive significant psychological benefits from engaging in unethical behavior (...)
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  25. Paul Tillich's Perspectives on Ways of Relating Science and Religion.Donald E. Arther - 2001 - Zygon 36 (2):261-267.
  26.  38
    Rationality From a Computational Standpoint.Donald E. Campbell - 1978 - Theory and Decision 9 (3):255-266.
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  27.  31
    Manipulation of Social Choice Rules by Strategic Nomination of Candidates.Donald E. Campbell - 1979 - Theory and Decision 10 (1-4):247-263.
  28.  56
    Syntax, Semantics, and Ontology: A Probabilistic Causal Calculus.James H. Fetzer & Donald E. Nute - 1979 - Synthese 40 (3):453 - 495.
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  29.  43
    Incarnate Phenomenological Reflection.Donald E. Polkinghorne - 1989 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 9 (1):46-51.
    Reviews the book, Bodily reflective modes: A phenomenological method for psychology by Kenneth Joel Shapiro. In this book Shapiro proposes an alternative to the Duquesne method for conducting phenomenological research, basing it on Merleau-Ponty's conception of human existence as incarnate subject. Psychological investigations based on the phenomenological perspective have relied mainly on a method developed at Duquesne University. In developing his method Shapiro first suggests steps for gaining access to the fleeting lived experiences of bodily generated meaning before it becomes (...)
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  30.  49
    Language and Qualitative Research.Donald E. Polkinghorne - 1990 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 10 (2):3-24.
    A premise of qualitative research is that accounts given in natural language more accurately represent the psychological reality of the human realm than those given in mathematical language. In general, the relation between natural language and reality has become problematic for contemporary philosophy. Specifically, the assumption that language points to or represents a nonlinguistic reality has been called into question by postmodern philosophers. Yet because of its centrality for the qualitative research perspective, the capacity of natural language to describe the (...)
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  31.  15
    Conceptual Validity in a Nontheoretical Human Science.Donald E. Polkinghorne - 1986 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 17 (2):129-149.
  32.  21
    Human Nature and History.Donald E. Brown - 1999 - History and Theory 38 (4):138–157.
    What motivated British colonialism? What motivated renaissance Florentines to finance their state? Why did Brazilian men find mixed-race women so attractive? What promotes falsity in reports of human affairs? Why did historical-mindedness develop in ancient Greece and China, but not India? When homosexual communities developed, why did gay men pursue sexual strategies so different from those of lesbians? Why does a Heian-period Japanese description of fear of snakes sound so familiar to a Westerner? Why have rebels tended to be youngest (...)
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  33.  67
    A Probabilistic Causal Calculus: Conflicting Conceptions.James H. Fetzer & Donald E. Nute - 1980 - Synthese 44 (2):241 - 246.
  34.  8
    Pausing in Multiple Fixed- Ratio Schedules.Donald E. Mintz - 1976 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 8 (2):131-134.
  35.  68
    A Probabilistic Causal Calculus: Conflicting Conceptions.James H. Fetzer & Donald E. Nute - 1981 - Synthese 48 (3):241 - 246.
  36.  25
    A Refutation of Physicalism.Donald E. Geels - 1975 - Idealistic Studies 5 (1):70-89.
    Throughout the philosophical tradition there usually have been those philosophers who have either denied the existence of mental entities outright, or else have claimed that they were, in some sense, reducible to physical entities. And, on this score, the twentieth century has been no exception. In the last twenty or so years, the various denials of the existence of mental entities have taken three distinct forms. First, there is the sort of behaviorism advocated by Quine and Ryle. Second, there is (...)
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  37.  15
    The Biological Point of View in Psychology and Psychiatry.E. Stanley Abbot - 1916 - Psychological Review 23 (2):117-128.
  38.  25
    The Dynamic Value of Content.E. Stanley Abbott - 1917 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 14 (2):41-49.
  39. The Dynamic Value of Content.E. Stanley Abbott - 1917 - Journal of Philosophy 14 (2):41.
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  40.  7
    Patriarchy, Lentricchia, and Male Feminization.Donald E. Pease - 1988 - Critical Inquiry 14 (2):379-385.
    So Lentricchia has fulfilled one of his purposes in this essay. He has subverted the patriarchy from within: that is, he has subverted Bloom’s literary history as well as the essentialist feminism associated with it. But he has not fulfilled his affiliated purpose of establishing a dialogue between feminists and feminized males. The “feminization” of literary studies by patriarchal figures like Bloom does not account for the feminization of Stoddard, Gilder, Van Dyke, Woodberry, or Stedman. Their feminization, like that of (...)
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  41.  9
    The Effects of Time-Out Duration During Fixed-Ratio Reinforcement.Ellis I. Barowsky & Donald E. Mintz - 1978 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 11 (4):215-218.
  42. Christ and Human Suffering.E. Stanley Jones - 1933 - New York: [Etc.] Abingdon.
     
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  43. How to Be a Transformed Person.E. Stanley Jones - 1952
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  44. Mahatma Gandhi: An Interpretation.E. Stanley Jones - 1948
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  45. Mastery: The Art of Mastering Life.E. Stanley Jones - 1955
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  46. The Way to Power and Poise.E. Stanley Jones - 1949
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  47.  18
    Texts of Limits, the Limits of Texts, and the Containment of Politics in Contemporary Critical Theory"Guest Column. No Bias, No Merit: The Case Against Blind Submission.""Troping the Body: Literature and Feminism.""In the Name of the Modern: Feminist Questions D'Apres Gynesis.""Culture and Countermemory: The 'American' Connection."Reading in Detail. [REVIEW]Donald Morton, Stanley Fish, Jefferson Humphries, Alice Jardine, Susan Sheridan, S. P. Mohanty & Naomi Schor - 1990 - Diacritics 20 (1):56.
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  48.  12
    Oxygen and Animal Evolution: Did a Rise of Atmospheric Oxygen “Trigger” the Origin of Animals?Daniel B. Mills & Donald E. Canfield - 2014 - Bioessays 36 (12):1145-1155.
  49.  10
    CS-Free Food Contingencies and Subsequent Acquisition of Conditioned Suppression: No Transfer Effect.Donald E. Jackson - 1974 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 4 (4):235-236.
  50.  6
    Within-Session Observations of Rats Leverpressing in the Presence of Free Food.Donald E. Jackson - 1976 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 8 (4):292-294.
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