Results for 'Ethology'

725 found
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  1.  66
    Onto-Ethologies: The Animal Environments of Uexküll, Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, and Deleuze.Brett Buchanan - 2008 - State University of New York Press.
    Jakob von Uexküll's theories of life -- Biography and historical background -- Nature's conformity with plan -- Umweltforschung -- Biosemiotics -- Concluding remarks -- Marking a path into the environments of animals -- The essential approach to the organism -- Heidegger and the biologists -- Paths to the world -- Disruptive behavior : Heidegger and the captivated animal -- The worldless stone -- The poor animal -- For example, three bees and a lark -- Animal morphology -- A shocking wealth (...)
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  2.  94
    Cognitive Ethology: The Minds of Other Animals.C. A. Ristau (ed.) - 1991 - Lawrence Erlbaum.
  3. Ethology, sociobiology and evolutionary psychology.Paul Edmund Griffiths - 2011 - In Sahotra Sarkar & Anya Plutynski (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Biology. West Sussex, UK: Wiley/Blackwell. pp. 393-414.
    In the years leading up to the Second World War the ethologists Konrad Lorenz and Nikolaas Tinbergen, created the tradition of rigorous, Darwinian research on animal behavior that developed into modern behavioral ecology. At first glance, research on specifically human behavior seems to exhibit greater discontinuity that research on animal behavior in general. The 'human ethology' of the 1960s appears to have been replaced in the early 1970s by a new approach called ‘sociobiology’. Sociobiology in its turn appears to (...)
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  4.  5
    Onto-Ethologies: The Animal Environments of Uexknll, Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, and Deleuze.Brett Buchanan - 2009 - State University of New York Press.
    _Examines the significance of animal environments in contemporary continental thought._.
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  5.  55
    Human ethology: concepts and implications for the sciences of man.Irenäus Eibl-Eibesfeldt - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (1):1-26.
  6.  23
    Philosophical Ethology: On the Extents of What It Is to Be a Pig.Jes Harfeld - 2011 - Society and Animals 19 (1):83-101.
    Answers to the question, “What is a farm animal?” often revolve around genetics, physical attributes, and the animals’ functions in agricultural production. The essential and defining characteristics of farm animals transcend these limited models, however, and require an answer that avoids reductionism and encompasses a de-atomizing point of view. Such an answer should promote recognition of animals as beings with extensive mental and social capabilities that outline the extent of each individual animal’s existence and—at the same time—define the animals as (...)
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  7.  3
    Ethology and Ethical Change.Ian Ground & Michael Bavidge - 2021 - In Maria Balaska (ed.), Cora Diamond on Ethics. Springer Verlag. pp. 149-171.
    Cora Diamond’s discussions of the ethics of our treatment of animals offer a critique of conceptions of morality which regard our ethical responses as founded on reasons which ought to be reasons for anyone. Diamond takes issue with accounts of our treatment of animals based on their possession of capacities which are shared with us. She offers instead a concept of the moral life, as a form of life—inherited, shared and negotiated—only within which can moral reasons count as reasons at (...)
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  8.  35
    Reflective Ethology, Applied Philosophy, and the Moral Status of Animals.Marc Bekoff & Dale Jamieson - manuscript
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  9.  75
    Ethology, Natural History, the Life Sciences, and the Problem of Place.Richard W. Burkhardt - 1999 - Journal of the History of Biology 32 (3):489 - 508.
    Investigators of animal behavior since the eighteenth century have sought to make their work integral to the enterprises of natural history and/or the life sciences. In their efforts to do so, they have frequently based their claims of authority on the advantages offered by the special places where they have conducted their research. The zoo, the laboratory, and the field have been major settings for animal behavior studies. The issue of the relative advantages of these different sites has been a (...)
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  10.  13
    The ethology behind human ethology.Jack P. Hailman - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (1):35-36.
  11.  26
    Classic Ethology Reappraised.Rodrigo de Sá-Nogueira Saraiva - 2006 - Behavior and Philosophy 34:89-107.
    I analyze the theoretical tenets of early ethology and the criticisms leveled against it from comparative psychology. Early ethology had a clear research object, the study of behavioral adaptedness. Adaptedness was explained by the functional rules and programs that underlie the relation between a given organism and its natural environment (the function cycle). This research object was lost during the redefinition of ethology that took place after the Second World War, a redefinition that led to an emphasis (...)
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  12.  18
    Philosophical ethology and animal subjectivity.Roberto Marchesini - 2016 - Angelaki 21 (1):237-252.
    Philosophical ethology draws heavily upon the methods and findings of ethological traditions but must be a properly philosophical undertaking that reframes them in terms of critical and speculative questions about animal mind and animal subjectivity. Both traditional ethology and later cognitive ethology failed to call into question the dualistic Cartesian ontological paradigm that introduced and justified an unbridgeable divide between human and nonhuman animals. Following the implications of Darwinian evolution and immanentist ontological philosophy, philosophical ethology presents (...)
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  13.  1
    Cognitive Ethology.Marc Bekoff - 2017 - In William Bechtel & George Graham (eds.), A Companion to Cognitive Science. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 371–379.
    Cognitive ethology is the comparative, evolutionary, and ecological study of nonhuman animal (hereafter animal) minds, including thought processes, beliefs, rationality, information processing, and consciousness. It is a rapidly growing interdisciplinary field of science that is attracting much attention from researchers in numerous, diverse disciplines, including those interested in animal welfare. Cognitive ethology can trace its beginnings to the writings of Charles Darwin, an anecdotal cognitivist, and some of his contemporaries and disciples. Their approach incorporated appeals to evolutionary theory, (...)
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  14.  20
    Synthetic ethology: a new tool for investigating animal cognition.Bruce MacLennan - 2002 - In Marc Bekoff, Colin Allen & Gordon M. Burghardt (eds.), The Cognitive Animal: Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives on Animal Cognition. MIT Press. pp. 151--156.
  15.  59
    Cognitive ethology: Slayers, skeptics, and proponents.Marc Bekoff & Colin Allen - 1997 - In R. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. L. Miles (eds.), Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals. Suny Press. pp. 313--334.
  16.  4
    Humanist ethology.Robert D. Finch - 2009 - Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism 17 (2):43-66.
    Ethology is the study of animal behavior and consequently includes the morals and ethics of the human animal. This essay concerns the question of how we might optimize our ethology in the broadest sense in order to live in the best possible way. Assuming we are nontheists then the question becomes how we might construct an ethology based on human reason and serving our human motivations or, in other words, a humanist ethology.
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  17.  42
    Ethological farm programs and the “market” for animal welfare.Stefan Mann - 2005 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (4):369-382.
    Ethological farm programs as they exist in Switzerland are compared with environmental farm programs in respect of demand and supply. Because animal welfare is not a public good but rather a relation that causes psychological externalities, the demand for animal welfare has a different standing in economic theory than the demand for a clean environment. The supply of animal welfare by farmers, however, largely follows the patterns known from the delivery of environmental goods. Farm size, age and education, and also (...)
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  18. The ethology of inter-individual differences.Popko P. Molen - 1979 - Acta Biotheoretica 28 (2).
    In recent times psychologists have shown a growing interest in ethological methods of data collection. At the same time ethologists are showing a growing interest in the methods of data processing as developed in personality psychology. These methods of data processing appear to be most useful to ethological research when investigating differences between individuals. Using factor analysis of aggressive behaviour as an example, it is argued that an ethological approach which focusses on individual differences may add substantial information to the (...)
     
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  19. Cognitive ethology and the intentionality of animal behavior.Colin Allen & Marc Bekoff - 1995 - Mind and Language 10 (4):313-328.
    Cognitive ethologists are in need of a good theoretical framework for attributing intentional states. Heyes and Dickinson (1990) present criteria that they claim are necessary for an intentional explanation of behavior to be justified. They suggest that questions of intentionality can only be investigated under controlled laboratory conditions and they apply their criteria to laboratory experiments to argue that the common behavior of approaching food is not intentional in most animals. We dispute the details of their argument and interpretation of (...)
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  20.  24
    Cognitive ethology: Theory or poetry?Jonathan Bennett - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (3):356.
  21. Ethology and functionalism: Behavioral descriptions as the link between physical and functional descriptions.Matthias Scheutz - 2001 - Evolution and Cognition 7 (2):164-171.
  22.  51
    Cognitive ethology.Daniel C. Dennett - 1989 - In Goals, No-Goals and Own Goals. Unwin Hyman.
    The field of Artificial Intelligence has produced so many new concepts--or at least vivid and more structured versions of old concepts--that it would be surprising if none of them turned out to be of value to students of animal behavior. Which will be most valuable? I will resist the temptation to engage in either prophecy or salesmanship; instead of attempting to answer the question: "How might Artificial Intelligence inform the study of animal behavior?" I will concentrate on the obverse: "How (...)
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  23.  20
    Ethology and consciousness.W. H. Thorpe - 1966 - In John C. Eccles (ed.), Brain and Conscious Experience. Springer. pp. 470--505.
  24.  26
    How Is Cognitive Ethology Possible.J. Bennett - 1991 - In C. Ristau (ed.), Cognitive Ethology. The Minds of Other Animals. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers. pp. 35-49.
    Cognitive ethology cannot be done well unless its proximate philosophical underpinnings are got straight; this paper tries to help with that. Cognitive attributions are essentially explanatory—if they did not explain behavior, there would be no justification for them—but it doesn’t follow that they explain by providing causes for events that don’t have physical causes. To understand how mentalistic attributions do work, we need to focus on the quartet: sensory input, belief, desire, and behavioral output. We also need to be (...)
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  25.  56
    Ecological, ethological, and ethically sound environments for animals: Toward symbiosis.M. Kiley-Worthington - 1989 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 2 (4):323-347.
    There are inconsistencies in the treatment and attitudes of human beings to animals and much confusion in thinking about what are appropriate conditions for using and keeping animals. This article outlines some of these considerations and then proposes guidelines for designing animal management systems. In the first place, the global and local ecological effects of all animal management systems must be considered and an environment designed that will not rock the biospherical boat. The main points to consider are the interrelatedness (...)
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  26. Human ethology and phenomenology.Louis A. Fourcher - 1979 - Behaviorism 7 (1):23-36.
  27. Human Ethology and Phenomenology Part I.Louis A. Fourcher - 1979 - Behaviorism 7 (1):23-36.
  28.  3
    Critical Ethology and Post-Anthropocentric Ethics: Beyond the Separation Between Humanities and Life Sciences.Roberto Marchesini & Marco Celentano - 2021 - Springer Verlag.
    The primary purpose of this book is to contribute to an overcoming of the traditional separation between humanties and life sciences which, according to the authors, is required today both by the developments of these disciplines and by the social problems they have to face. The volume discusses the theoretical, epistemological and ethical repercussions of the main acquisitions obtained in the last decades from the behavioral sciences. Both the authors are inspired by the concept of a “critical ethology”, oriented (...)
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  29.  20
    Laboratory Animal Husbandry: Ethology, Welfare, and Experimental Variables.Michael W. Fox - 1986 - State University of New York Press.
    The laboratory animal environment: room for concern.
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  30.  33
    Ethology, power, possession: A system theoretical study of the Hungarian transition.V. Csanyi - 1990 - World Futures 29 (1):107-122.
    (1990). Ethology, power, possession: A system theoretical study of the Hungarian transition. World Futures: Vol. 29, Transition in Eastern Europe, pp. 107-122.
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  31.  15
    On ethology and human behaviour.K. Kortmulder - 1974 - Acta Biotheoretica 23 (2):55-78.
    The paper provides a critical discussion of the role ethology may play in the study of human behaviour. The mechanisms of avoidance of consanguineal mating in some animal species and Man are analysed and compared. Aggression and competition are discussed in relation to agonistic courtship, and play behaviour.
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  32.  41
    Ethological models and the concept of 'drive'.R. A. Hinde - 1956 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 6 (24):321-331.
  33. Intentional systems in cognitive ethology: The 'panglossian paradigm' defended.Daniel C. Dennett - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (3):343-90.
    Ethologists and others studying animal behavior in a spirit are in need of a descriptive language and method that are neither anachronistically bound by behaviorist scruples nor prematurely committed to particular Just such an interim descriptive method can be found in intentional system theory. The use of intentional system theory is illustrated with the case of the apparently communicative behavior of vervet monkeys. A way of using the theory to generate data - including usable, testable data - is sketched. The (...)
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  34. Ethological space : transgressing the boundaries.Carlos Castrodeza - 2009 - In González Recio & José Luis (eds.), Philosophical Essays on Physics and Biology. G. Olms.
     
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  35.  22
    Some ethological perspectives on the fitness consequences and social emotional symptoms of schizophrenia.Glenn E. Weisfeld - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):867-867.
    Schizophrenia may not have reduced reproductive success in ancestral times as much as it does today, so explaining how genes for it evolved is more understandable given this prehistoric perspective. Ethological analysis of schizophrenia – understanding how basic emotional behaviors, such as dominance striving, are affected by the condition – might prove useful for comprehending and treating its social emotional symptoms.
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  36.  29
    Cognitive explanations and cognitive ethology.Rita E. Anderson - 1986 - In William Bechtel (ed.), Integrating Scientific Disciplines. pp. 323--336.
  37.  33
    Affective ethologies: Monk parakeets and non-human inflections in affect theory.Ada Smailbegović - 2015 - Angelaki 20 (3):21-42.
    :Recent attempts to engage and develop modes of ethological practice that avoid deterministic and mechanistic accounts of animal action have often relied on affect as a way of articulating how animal bodies affect and are in turn affected by the animate and inanimate bodies around them. In this context affect has often functioned as an instigating site of change that opens up the experience of a particular animal to new possibilities for action and relation. This paper seeks to bring the (...)
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  38. Ethology : Standpoint, Method, Tentative Results. Bibliographical References in Ethology.Thomas P. Bailey - 1899 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 48:431-432.
     
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  39. Deep Ethology.Marc Bekoff - unknown
     
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  40.  17
    Ethology ignored Skinner to its detriment.Jack P. Hailman - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):689.
  41.  19
    Ethology versus sociobiology: competitive displays.Pierre L. van den Berghe - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (1):46-48.
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  42.  18
    A universal ethology challenge to the free energy principle: species of inference and good regulators.Thomas van Es & Michael D. Kirchhoff - 2021 - Biology and Philosophy 36 (2):1-24.
    The free energy principle (FEP) portends to provide a unifying principle for the biological and cognitive sciences. It states that for a system to maintain non-equilibrium steady-state with its environment it must minimise its (information-theoretic) free energy. Under the FEP, to minimise free energy is equivalent to engaging in approximate Bayesian inference. According to the FEP, therefore, inference is at the explanatory base of biology and cognition. In this paper, we discuss a specific challenge to this inferential formulation of adaptive (...)
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  43.  24
    Cognitive ethology comes of age.Michael Tomasello - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (1):168-169.
  44.  27
    Cognitive ethology, over-attribution of agency and focusing abilities as they relate to the origin of concepts.Carolyn A. Ristau - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (3):146-147.
    Carey's superb discussion of the origin of concepts is extended into the field of cognitive ethology. I also suggest that agency may be a default mechanism, often leading to over-attribution. The problem therefore becomes one of specifying the conditions in which agency is not attributed. The significance of attentional/focusing abilities on conceptual development is also emphasized.
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  45.  54
    Prospects for a cognitive ethology.Donald R. Griffin - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (4):527-538.
  46.  3
    The Philosophical Ethology of Dominique Lestel.Matthew Chrulew, Jeffrey Bussolini & Brett Buchanan (eds.) - 2017 - Routledge.
    Dominique Lestel is a French philosopher whose work is significant for the rethinking of animality and human-animal relations. Throughout such important books as _L’Animalité _, _Les Origines animales de la culture _ and _L’Animal singulier_, he offers a fierce critique of reductive, mechanistic models of animal behaviour, as well as a positive contribution to etho-ethnographic and phenomenological methods for understanding animal life. Centred around hybrid human–animal communities of shared interests, affects and meaning, his critical and speculative approach to the animal (...)
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  47.  21
    The philosophical ethology of Dominique lestel.Matthew Chrulew - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (3):17-44.
    Central to the work of Dominique Lestel is a sustained critical engagement with the sciences of animal behaviour. He critiques the legacy of Cartesianism that sees animals as machines, at the same time as acknowledging the revolution in the understanding of animals that took place in twentieth-century ethology. Further, he offers his own methodological proposals for the future of ethology as a fully social science founded on shared existence and understanding. This profusion of new evidence and edifying approaches (...)
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  48.  19
    Ecological, ethological, and ethically sound environments for animals: Toward symbiosis.M. Kiley-Worthington - 1989 - Journal of Agricultural Ethics 2 (4):323-347.
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  49.  32
    Behavioural ecology's ethological roots.Jean-Sébastien Bolduc - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43 (3):674-683.
    Since Krebs and Davies’s (1978) landmark publication, it is acknowledged that behavioural ecology owes much to the ethological tradition in the study of animal behaviour. Although this assumption seems to be right—many of the first behavioural ecologists were trained in departments where ethology developed and matured—it still to be properly assessed. In this paper, I undertake to identify the approaches used by ethologists that contributed to behavioural ecology’s constitution as a field of inquiry. It is my contention that the (...)
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  50.  13
    The ethology of purpose.Richard S. Marken - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (3):460.
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