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1 — 50 / 207
  1. added 2018-12-17
    Kin Selection: A Philosophical Analysis.Jonathan Birch - 2013 - Dissertation, University of Cambridge
    This dissertation examines the conceptual and theoretical foundations of the most general and most widely used framework for understanding social evolution, W. D. Hamilton's theory of kin selection. While the core idea is intuitive enough (when organisms share genes, they sometimes have an evolutionary incentive to help one another), its apparent simplicity masks a host of conceptual subtleties, and the theory has proved a perennial source of controversy in evolutionary biology. To move towards a resolution of these controversies, we need (...)
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  2. added 2018-11-18
    Task Allocation and the Logic of Research Questions: How Ants Challenge Human Sociobiology.Ryan Ketcham - forthcoming - Biological Theory:1-17.
    After biologist Deborah Gordon made a series of experimental discoveries in the 1980s, she argued that a change in terminology regarding the division of labor among castes of specialists was needed. Gordon’s investigations of the interactive effects of ants in colonies led her to believe that the established approach Edward O. Wilson had pioneered was biased in a way that made some alternative candidate adaptive explanations invisible. Gordon argued that this was because the term “division of labor” implied a division (...)
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  3. added 2018-11-18
    Power in Cultural Evolution and the Spread of Prosocial Norms.Nathan Cofnas - 2018 - Quarterly Review of Biology 93 (4):297–318.
    According to cultural evolutionary theory in the tradition of Boyd and Richerson, cultural evolution is driven by individuals' learning biases, natural selection, and random forces. Learning biases lead people to preferentially acquire cultural variants with certain contents or in certain contexts. Natural selection favors individuals or groups with fitness-promoting variants. Durham (1991) argued that Boyd and Richerson's approach is based on a "radical individualism" that fails to recognize that cultural variants are often "imposed" on people regardless of their individual decisions. (...)
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  4. added 2018-10-07
    The sociobiology of genes: the gene’s eye view as a unifying behavioural-ecological framework for biological evolution.Alexis De Tiège, Yves Van de Peer, Johan Braeckman & Koen B. Tanghe - 2018 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (1):6.
    Although classical evolutionary theory, i.e., population genetics and the Modern Synthesis, was already implicitly ‘gene-centred’, the organism was, in practice, still generally regarded as the individual unit of which a population is composed. The gene-centred approach to evolution only reached a logical conclusion with the advent of the gene-selectionist or gene’s eye view in the 1960s and 1970s. Whereas classical evolutionary theory can only work with fitness differences between individual organisms, gene-selectionism is capable of working with fitness differences among genes (...)
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  5. added 2018-10-07
    Applying Sociobiology. [REVIEW]Ronald De Sousa - 1992 - Biology and Philosophy 7 (2):237.
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  6. added 2018-09-06
    Paradox and Tragedy in Human Morality.Pouwel Slurink - 1994 - International Political Science Review 15 (347):378.
    An evolutionary approach to ethics supports, to some extent, the sceptical meta-ethics found by some of the Greek sophists and Nietzsche. On the other hand, a modern naturalistic account on the origin and nature of morality, leads to somewhat different conclusions. This is demonstrated with an answer to three philosophical questions: does real freedom exist?, does the good, or real virtue, exist?, does life have a meaning?
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  7. added 2018-08-28
    Human Nature: An Overview.Stephen M. Downes - 2018 - In Richard Joyce (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Evolution and Philosophy. New York, NY, USA: pp. 155-166.
    Debates about human nature inform every philosophical tradition from their inception (see Stevenson 2000 for many examples). Evolutionarily based criticisms of human nature are of much more recent origin. Ironically, most evolutionarily based criticisms of human nature are directed at work whose avowed goal is to biologicize human nature and even to place human nature within an evolutionary frame. Here I will focus on accounts of human nature that begin with and come after E.O. Wilson’s sociobiology. I will also focus (...)
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  8. added 2018-04-08
    Evolution's Arrow: The Direction of Evolution and the Future of Humanity.John E. Stewart - 2000 - Canberra: The Chapman Press.
    Evolution's Arrow argues that evolution is directional and progressive, and that this has major consequences for humanity. Without resort to teleology, the book demonstrates that evolution moves in the direction of producing cooperative organisations of greater scale and evolvability - evolution has organised molecular processes into cells, cells into organisms, and organisms into societies. The book founds this position on a new theory of the evolution of cooperation. It shows that self-interest at the level of the genes does not prevent (...)
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  9. added 2018-02-17
    Human reproduction and sociobiology.John Dupré - 1983 - Analysis 43 (4):210.
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  10. added 2018-01-12
    Sociobiology and Behavior. [REVIEW]Michael Ruse - 1979 - Environmental Ethics 1 (2):181-185.
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  11. added 2017-10-26
    The Philosophy of Social Evolution.Jonathan Birch - 2017 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    From mitochondria to meerkats, the natural world is full of spectacular examples of social behaviour. In the early 1960s W. D. Hamilton changed the way we think about how such behaviour evolves. He introduced three key innovations - now known as Hamilton's rule, kin selection, and inclusive fitness - and his pioneering work kick-started a research program now known as social evolution theory. This is a book about the philosophical foundations and future prospects of that program.
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  12. added 2017-10-22
    Functional Analyses and Their Justification.William Bechtel - 1988 - Biology and Philosophy 3 (2):157.
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  13. added 2017-09-28
    Why Some Apes Became Humans, Competition, Consciousness, and Culture.Pouwel Slurink - 2002 - Dissertation, Radboud University
    Chapter 1 (To know in order to survive) & Chapter 2 (A critique of evolved reason) explain human knowledge and its limits from an evolutionary point of view. Chapter 3 (Captured in our Cockpits) explains the evolution of consciousness, using value driven decision theory. Chapter 4-6 (Chapter 4 Sociobiology, Chapter 5 Culture: het Human Arena), Chapter 6, Genes, Memes, and the Environment) show that to understand culture you have at least to deal with 4 levels: genes, brains, the environment, culture. (...)
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  14. added 2017-09-25
    Book Review: The Stag Hunt and the Evolution of Social Structure. [REVIEW]J. McKenzie Alexander - unknown
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  15. added 2017-09-22
    Philosophical Lessons From Scientific Biography.Alan C. Love - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (4):696-701.
    Essay Review of The Tragic Sense of Life: Ernst Haeckel and the Struggle over Evolutionary Thought by Robert J. Richards [2009].
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  16. added 2017-07-31
    Kin Selection, Group Selection, and the Varieties of Population Structure.Jonathan Birch - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axx028.
    Various results show the ‘formal equivalence’ of kin and group selectionist methodologies, but this does not preclude there being a real and useful distinction between kin and group selection processes. I distinguish individual and population-centred approaches to drawing such a distinction, and I proceed to develop the latter. On the account I advance, the differences between kin and group selection are differences of degree in the structural properties of populations. A spatial metaphor provides a useful framework for thinking about these (...)
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  17. added 2017-07-31
    The Inclusive Fitness Controversy: Finding a Way Forward.Jonathan Birch - 2017 - Royal Society Open Science 4:170335.
    This paper attempts to reconcile critics and defenders of inclusive fitness by constructing a synthesis that does justice to the insights of both. I argue that criticisms of the regression-based version of Hamilton’s rule, although they undermine its use for predictive purposes, do not undermine its use as an organizing framework for social evolution research. I argue that the assumptions underlying the concept of inclusive fitness, conceived as a causal property of an individual organism, are unlikely to be exactly true (...)
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  18. added 2017-01-27
    Marxism and Human Sociobiology-Reply.Ge Allen - 1991 - Biology and Philosophy 6 (4):453-456.
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  19. added 2017-01-19
    Genes or Culture? A Marxist Perspective on Humankind.Ivan T. Frolov - 1986 - Biology and Philosophy 1 (1):89-107.
    Intense interest has long been shown in the nature of humankind. Are we the products of genes? Are we the products of culture? Or are we something in between? The Marxist position, stressing the dominant significance of social methods for studying humans, is sketched. Then, a number of Western, biologically influenced views are discussed and criticised. Although there are important insights in the writings of the holders of these views, ultimately they produce only a semiscience.
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  20. added 2017-01-16
    Im Anfang War der Egoismus.Edgar Dahl - 1991 - Econ.
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  21. added 2017-01-15
    The Importance of Human Individuality for Sociobiology.Bernard D. Davis - 1982 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 26 (1):1-18.
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  22. added 2017-01-14
    Revisiting the Left-Wing Response to Sociobiology: The Case of Finland in a European Context.Antti Lepistö - 2015 - Journal of the History of Biology 48 (1):99-136.
    This article revisits the left-wing response to sociobiology in the 1970s and 1980s by examining the sociobiology debate in Finland in a larger European context. It argues that the Finnish academic left’s response to sociobiology represents a “third way” alongside the purely negative, often Marxist denial of biology’s relevance, which characterized the left’s response to sociobiology in many European countries such as Hungary and Sweden, and alongside the disregard that sociobiology confronted in most parts of Eastern Europe, as well as (...)
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  23. added 2017-01-14
    Sociobiology, Individuality, and Ethics: A Response.Edward O. Wilson - 1982 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 26 (1):19-29.
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  24. added 2017-01-14
    The Gospel According to Sociobiology.Douglas H. Boucher - 1981 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 25 (1):63-65.
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  25. added 2017-01-14
    The Sociobiology Debate: Readings on Ethical and Scientific Issues Edited by Arthur L. Caplan.Michael J. Wade - 1980 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 23 (4):658-660.
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  26. added 2017-01-14
    Sociobiology: The New Synthesis by Edward O. Wilson.Richard L. Landau - 1976 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 19 (4):598-599.
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  27. added 2016-12-08
    Sociobiology.Vittorio Hösle - 2012 - Symposium: Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy/Revue canadienne de philosophie continentale 16 (1):112-128.
    An essay is presented on the development of sociobiology and its contributions to the study of ethics and human nature. It asserts that Darwinism provides the possible interpretation of sociobiology as manifested in the expansion of altruism. Moreover, it connects the difference between the reproductive systems of animals and the ecological conditions.
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  28. added 2016-12-08
    Cultural Transmission and Social Control of Human Behavior.Castro Laureano, Castro-Nogueira Luis, A. Castro-Nogueira Miguel & A. Toro Miguel - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (3):347-360.
    Humans have developed the capacity to approve or disapprove of the behavior of their children and of unrelated individuals. The ability to approve or disapprove transformed social learning into a system of cumulative cultural inheritance, because it increased the reliability of cultural transmission. Moreover, people can transmit their behavioral experiences (regarding what can and cannot be done) to their offspring, thereby avoiding the costs of a laborious, and sometimes dangerous, evaluation of different cultural alternatives. Our thesis is that, during ontogeny, (...)
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  29. added 2016-12-08
    Behavioural Ecology as a Basic Science for Evolutionary Psychiatry.S. Price John - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):421.
    To the evolutionarily oriented clinical psychiatrist, the discipline of behavioural ecology is a fertile basic science. Human psychology discusses variation in terms of means, standard deviations, heritabilities, and so on, but behavioural ecology deals with mutually incompatible alternative behavioural strategies, the heritable variation being maintained by negative frequency-dependent selection. I suggest that behavioural ecology should be included in the interdisciplinary dialogue recommended by Keller & Miller (K&M). (Published Online November 9 2006).
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  30. added 2016-12-02
    Kamikazes and Cultural Evolution.Sean Allen-Hermanson - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Biological and Biomedical Sciences 61:11-19.
  31. added 2016-06-19
    Is Jung's Theory of Archetypes Compatible with Neo-Darwinism and Sociobiology?Ray Scott Percival - 1993 - Journal of Social and Evolutionary Systems 16 (4):459 - 487.
  32. added 2016-05-16
    The Science, the Ethics, the Politics: the socio-cultural aspects of modern genetics.Valentin Cheshko & Valentin Kulinichenko (eds.) - 2004 - Parapan.
    Modern genetics becomes a bridge between the natural sciences, humanities and social practtoon the social life of biomedicine and genetics this branch of science makes these branches of science by comparable in their socio-forming role to politics and economics factors. The research objective of this paper is theoretical analysis of social and cultural challenges posed by the development of basic genetics and genetic technologies. The problems of this book may be attributed to the new field of science, formed at the (...)
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  33. added 2016-05-14
    Evolutionary Semantics of Anthropogenesis and Bioethics of Nbic-Technologies.Valentin Cheshko, Yulia Kosova & Valery Glazko - 2015 - Biogeosystem Technique 5 (3):256-266.
    The co-evolutionary concept of tri-modal stable evolutionary strategy (SESH) of Homo sapiens is developed. The concept based on the principle of evolutionary complementarity of anthropogenesis: value of evolutionary risk and evolutionary path of human evolution are defined by descriptive (evolutionary efficiency) and creative-teleological (evolutionary correctness) parameters simultaneously, that cannot be instrumental reduced to others ones. Resulting volume of both parameters define the vectors of human evolution by two gear mechanism ˗ genetic and cultural co-evolution and techno-humanitarian balance. Explanatory model and (...)
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  34. added 2016-03-21
    The Evolutionary Dynamics of Complex Systems.C. Dyke - 1988 - Oxford University Press.
  35. added 2016-03-04
    Sometimes an Orgasm is Just an Orgasm.Erika Lorraine Milam, Gillian R. Brown, Stefan Linquist, Steve Fuller & Elisabeth A. Lloyd - 2006 - Metascience 15 (3):399-435.
    I should like to offer my greatest thanks to Paul Griffiths for providing the opportunity for this exchange, and to commentators Gillian Brown, Steven Fuller, Stefan Linquist, and Erika Milam for their generous and thought-provoking comments. I shall do my best in this space to respond to some of their concerns.
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  36. added 2015-11-17
    Beyond the Sociobiology of Sexuality: Predictive Hypotheses.John Alcock - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (2):181.
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  37. added 2015-08-25
    Neither Adaptive Thinking nor Reverse Engineering: Methods in the Evolutionary Social Sciences.Catherine Driscoll - 2015 - Biology and Philosophy 30 (1):59-75.
    In this paper I argue the best examples of the methods in the evolutionary social sciences don’t actually resemble either of the two methods called “Adaptive Thinking” or “Reverse Engineering” described by evolutionary psychologists. Both AT and RE have significant problems. Instead, the best adaptationist work in the ESSs seems to be based on and is aiming at a different method that avoids the problems of AT and RE: it is a behavioral level method that starts with information about both (...)
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  38. added 2015-06-09
    Darwinian Fairytales.D. C. Stove - 1995
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  39. added 2015-06-09
    A New Religion.David Stove - 1992 - Philosophy 67 (260):233 - 240.
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  40. added 2015-05-04
    The Triumph of Sociobiology.John Alcock - 2003 - Journal of the History of Biology 36 (3):615-618.
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  41. added 2015-04-07
    On the Origin of Afterlife Beliefs by Means of Memetic Selection.Steve Stewart-Williams - 2015 - In Keith Augustine & Michael Martin (eds.), The Myth of an Afterlife: The Case against Life After Death. Rowman & Littlefield.
    Somewhere in the mists of the past, we somehow picked up the idea of an afterlife from our culture. So, where did this idea come from in the first place? The problem is not that there aren’t any plausible theories to explain it; the problem is that there are too many. Some claim that the belief in an afterlife is wishful thinking; others that it’s a way of encouraging socially desirable behavior; and others still that it represents ancient people’s best (...)
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  42. added 2015-04-05
    Sociobiology: A Critical Defense.Barbara Lee Horan - 1985 - Dissertation, University of Minnesota
    This project presents a critical, i.e., a philosophical, defense of a theory of sociobiology that is more sensible than that implicit in E. O. Wilson's 1975 Sociobiology: The New Synthesis on both historical and methodological grounds. It is suggested that this "sensible" theory of sociobiology be regarded as an "interfield" theory, one that solves the central problem arising from the domain of species-specific patterns of social behavior. This theory provides a deep, explanatory account of the domain in terms of the (...)
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  43. added 2015-04-04
    On Behalf of the Merely Wise: A Critical Examination of the Early Works of Edward O. Wilson.David Charles Flagel - 1985 - Dissertation, Queen's University at Kingston (Canada)
    This thesis presents a philosophical critique of the new science of sociobiology as it applies to human social behaviour. In particular, the early work of Edward O. Wilson is subjected to a sustained analysis in order to determine the extent to which certain philosophical presuppositions have affected his estimation of the explanatory power of sociobiology. It is argued that an ill-founded faith in "scientific materialism" lies behind Wilson's claim that sociobiology presents a serious challenge to the social sciences and humanities, (...)
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  44. added 2015-03-28
    The Theories of Edward O. Wilson and Their Application to the Nature of Human Spirituality in the Light of the Philosophy of Nicolai Hartmann.Jorg Illi - 1997 - Dissertation, University of New South Wales (Australia)
    This dissertation examines the historical aspects of sociobiology--in the main the sociobiological writings and theories of Edward O. Wilson--and their wider implications as expressed in the coevolutionary theory of Charles J. Lumsden and Edward O. Wilson. Chapter 1 deals with the writings of Charles Darwin, and Herbert Spencer, insofar as they pertain to what has been termed 'Social Darwinism'. In Chapter 2 I trace aspects of Wilson's intellectual development that led him to the development of the science of sociobiology. Attention (...)
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  45. added 2015-03-26
    The Expanding Circle: Ethics and Sociobiology. By Peter Singer. New York: New American Library. 1982. [REVIEW]Peter Danielson - 1983 - Reason Papers 9:95-103.
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  46. added 2015-03-23
    Designer Genes? A Review-Essay Based on Philip Kitcher's Vaulting Ambition: Sociobiology and the Quest for Human Nature. The MIT Press: Cambridge, Ma. 1985. [REVIEW]Doren Recker - 1988 - Behaviorism 16 (1):69.
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  47. added 2015-03-23
    Meaning in Our World Through Sociobiology-a Comment on Wind Question.B. Somfai - 1984 - Ultimate Reality and Meaning 7 (1):59-61.
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  48. added 2015-03-23
    Edward Meryon Wilson 1906-1977.Aa Parker & Dw Cruickshank - 1983 - In Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 68: 1982. pp. 643-666.
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  49. added 2014-12-17
    Die soziobiologische Obsoletierung des ‘Reichs der Zwecke’. Zum Versuch der naturwissenschaftlichen Legitimation einer zynischen Anthropologie.Andreas Dorschel - 1990 - Gregorianum 71 (1):5-22.
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  50. added 2014-12-17
    Der Mensch als Tier. Anmerkungen zum Programm der ‘human sociobiology’.Andreas Dorschel - 1990 - Prima Philosophia 3 (2).
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1 — 50 / 207