Results for 'Frank C. Krysiak'

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  1.  37
    Risk Management as a Tool for Sustainability.Frank C. Krysiak - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (S3):483 - 492.
    Although risk and uncertainty are inevitable aspects of the sustainability problem, they are often neglected in the sustainability discourse, especially in the economic analysis of sustainable development. We argue that this deprives the sustainability discourse of interesting connections to risk management. We show that defining sustainability as the obligation to limit the risk of harming future individuals provides a framework in which tools from risk management, like mean-variance analysis, can be employed to analyze planning decisions and to calculate a risk-minimizing (...)
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  2. Explanation and Cognition.Frank C. Keil & Robert A. Wilson - 2000 - MIT Press.
    These essays draw on work in the history and philosophy of science, the philosophy of mind and language, the development of concepts in children, conceptual..
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  3.  12
    Constraints on Knowledge and Cognitive Development.Frank C. Keil - 1981 - Psychological Review 88 (3):197-227.
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  4.  11
    Constraints on Constraints: Surveying the Epigenetic Landscape.Frank C. Keil - 1990 - Cognitive Science 14 (1):135-168.
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  5.  70
    Folkscience: Coarse Interpretations of a Complex Reality.Frank C. Keil - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (8):368-373.
    The rise of appeals to intuitive theories in many areas of cognitive science must cope with a powerful fact. People understand the workings of the world around them in far less detail than they think. This illusion of knowledge depth has been uncovered in a series of recent studies and is caused by several distinctive properties of explanatory understanding not found in other forms of knowledge. Other experimental work has shown that people do have skeletal frameworks of expectations that constrain (...)
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  6. The Acquisition of Natural Kind and Artifact Terms.Frank C. Keil - 1986 - In William Demopoulos (ed.), Language Learning and Concept Acquisition. Ablex. pp. 133--153.
     
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  7.  9
    The Influence of Family Firms and Institutional Owners on Corporate Social Responsibility Performance.Frank C. Butler & Nai H. Lamb - 2018 - Business and Society 57 (7):1374-1406.
    Research on corporate social responsibility has traditionally focused on managerial discretion and stakeholders’ influence. This study extends current research by addressing the effect of family firms and institutional owners on CSR performance, namely, CSR strengths and concerns. Based on stewardship theory and the socioemotional wealth perspective, we propose that family firms are more likely to value CSR performance. Next, drawing from multiple agency theory, we predict that institutional owners, unlike family owners, will influence a firm’s CSR performance differently. We tested (...)
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  8.  14
    Discerning the Division of Cognitive Labor: An Emerging Understanding of How Knowledge Is Clustered in Other Minds.Frank C. Keil, Courtney Stein, Lisa Webb, Van Dyke Billings & Leonid Rozenblit - 2008 - Cognitive Science 32 (2):259-300.
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  9.  43
    The Shadows and Shallows of Explanation.Frank C. Keil & Robert A. Wilson - 2000 - In Frank C. Keil & Robert A. Wilson (eds.), Minds and Machines. MIT Press.. pp. 137-159.
    Reprinted, with modification, from Wilson and Keil 1998.
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  10.  46
    On Psychology and Virtue Ethics.Frank C. Richardson - 2012 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 32 (1):24-34.
    Virtue and Psychology: Pursuing Excellence in Ordinary Practices by Fowers represents the most extensive effort to date to mine the resources of virtue ethics for theory and practice in psychology. Building on this work, I explore some of the implications of the virtue ethics perspective for the fields of psychology and psychotherapy, including helping to overcome individualism and instrumentalism, elaborating a conception of “internal” as opposed to merely “external” goods, clarifying the nature of “character strengths,” developing further the idea of (...)
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  11.  27
    Limited-Move Equilibria in 2 X 2 Games.Frank C. Zagare - 1984 - Theory and Decision 16 (1):1.
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  12. The Concept Concept: The Wayward Path of Cognitive Science. [REVIEW]Frank C. Keil & Robert A. Wilson - 2000 - Mind and Language 15 (2-3):308-318.
    Critical discussion of Jerry Fodor's Concepts: Where Cognitive Science Went Wrong (1998).
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  13.  32
    Overcoming neoliberalism.Frank C. Richardson, Robert C. Bishop & Jacqueline Garcia-Joslin - 2018 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 38 (1):15-28.
    Psychology may have to get seriously political as human aims in living and selfhood itself are increasingly influenced in a deleterious manner by the vicissitudes of living in a neoliberal political economy and one-sided “enterprise culture” (Martin & McLellan, 2013; Sugarman, 2015). This article reviews recent writings of several social critics, including Jackson Lears (2015), Sebastion Junger (2015), Philip Blond (2010), and Christopher Lasch (1995), who richly flesh out the picture of this detrimental state of affairs. We note that many (...)
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  14.  11
    A Bump on a Bump? Emerging Intuitions Concerning the Relative Difficulty of the Sciences.Frank C. Keil, Kristi L. Lockhart & Esther Schlegel - 2010 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 139 (1):1-15.
  15.  12
    On the Emergence of Semantic and Conceptual Distinctions.Frank C. Keil - 1983 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 112 (3):357-385.
  16. MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences.Robert A. Wilson & Frank C. Keil (eds.) - 1999 - Cambridge, USA: MIT Press.
    "Amongst the human mind's proudest accomplishments is the invention of a science dedicated to understanding itself: cognitive science. ... This volume is an authoritative guide to this exhilarating new body of knowledge, written by the experts, edited with skill and good judment. If we were to leave a time capsule for the next millennium with records of the great achievements of civilization, this volume would have to be in it."--Steven Pinker.
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  17.  57
    The Feasibility of Folk Science.Frank C. Keil - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (5):826-862.
    If folk science means individuals having well worked out mechanistic theories of the workings of the world, then it is not feasible. Laypeople’s explanatory understandings are remarkably coarse, full of gaps, and often full of inconsistencies. Even worse, most people overestimate their own understandings. Yet recent views suggest that formal scientists may not be so different. In spite of these limitations, science somehow works and its success offers hope for the feasibility of folk science as well. The success of science (...)
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  18.  50
    Spiders in the Web of Belief: The Tangled Relations Between Concepts and Theories.Frank C. Keil - 1989 - Mind and Language 4 (1-2):43-50.
  19. Stakeholder Theory and Managerial Decision-Making: Constraints and Implications of Balancing Stakeholder Interests.Scott J. Reynolds, Frank C. Schultz & David R. Hekman - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 64 (3):285-301.
    Stakeholder theory is widely recognized as a management theory, yet very little research has considered its implications for individual managerial decision-making. In the two studies reported here, we used stakeholder theory to examine managerial decisions about balancing stakeholder interests. Results of Study 1 suggest that indivisible resources and unequal levels of stakeholder saliency constrain managers’ efforts to balance stakeholder interests. Resource divisibility also influenced whether managers used a within-decision or an across-decision approach to balance stakeholder interests. In Study 2 we (...)
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  20.  24
    The Dead Donor Rule: Effect on the Virtuous Practice of Medicine.Frank C. Chaten - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (7):496-500.
    Objective The President's Council on Bioethics in 2008 reaffirmed the necessity of the dead donor rule and the legitimacy of the current criteria for diagnosing both neurological and cardiac death. In spite of this report, many have continued to express concerns about the ethics of donation after circulatory death, the validity of determining death using neurological criteria and the necessity for maintaining the dead donor rule for organ donation. I analysed the dead donor rule for its effect on the virtuous (...)
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  21. Frank C. Keil, Ph.D.Frank Keil - manuscript
    At the most general level I am interested in how we come to make sense of the world around us. Much of this research involves asking how intuitive explanations and understandings emerge in development and how they are related to notions of cause, mechanism and agency. These relations are linked to broader questions of what concepts are, how they change with development and increasing expertise and how they are structured in adults.
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  22.  9
    Order, Order Everywhere, and Only an Agent to Think: The Cognitive Compulsion to Infer Intentional Agents.Frank C. Keil & George E. Newman - 2015 - Mind and Language 30 (2):117-139.
    Several studies demonstrate that an intuitive link between agents and order emerges within the first year of life. This appreciation seems importantly related to similar forms of inference, such as the Argument from Design. We suggest, however, that infants and young children may be more accurate in their tendencies to infer agents from order than older children and adults, who often infer intentional agents when there are none. Thus, the earliest inferences about intentional agents based on order may be quite (...)
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  23.  7
    When and Why Do Hedgehogs and Foxes Differ?Frank C. Keil - 2010 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 22 (4):415-426.
    Philip E. Tetlock's finding that "hedgehog" experts are worse predictors than "foxes" offers fertile ground for future research. Are experts as likely to exhibit hedgehog- or fox-like tendencies in areas that call for explanatory, diagnostic, and skill-based expertise-as they did when Tetlock called on experts to make predictions? Do particular domains of expertise curtail or encourage different styles of expertise? Can we trace these different styles to childhood? Finally, can we nudge hedgehogs to be more like foxes? Current research can (...)
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  24.  4
    Mechanism and Explanation in the Development of Biological Thought: The Case of Disease.Frank C. Keil, Daniel T. Levin, Bethany A. Richman & Grant Gutheil - 1999 - In D. Medin & S. Atran (eds.), Folkbiology. MIT Press.
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  25.  36
    Categorical Effects in the Perception of Faces.James M. Beale & Frank C. Keil - 1995 - Cognition 57 (3):217-239.
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  26.  34
    Where's the Essence? Developmental Shifts in Children's Beliefs About Internal Features.George E. Newman & Frank C. Keil - unknown
    The present studies investigated children’s and adults’ intuitive beliefs about the physical nature of essences. Adults and children (ranging in age from 6 to 10 years old) were asked to reason about two different ways of determining an unknown object’s category: taking a tiny internal sample from any part of the object (distributed view of essence), or taking a sample from one specific region (localized view of essence). Results from three studies indicated that adults strongly endorsed the distributed view, and (...)
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  27. Explaining Explanation.Robert A. Wilson & Frank C. Keil - 2000 - In Frank C. And Wilson Keil (ed.), Explanation and Cognition. Cambridge, MA, USA: pp. 1-18.
    It is not a particularly hard thing to want or seek explanations. In fact, explanations seem to be a large and natural part of our cognitive lives. Children ask why and how questions very early in development and seem genuinely to want some sort of answer, despite our often being poorly equipped to provide them at the appropriate level of sophistication and detail. We seek and receive explanations in every sphere of our adult lives, whether it be to understand why (...)
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  28. Thinking Through Language.Paul Bloom & Frank C. Keil - 2001 - Mind and Language 16 (4):351–367.
    What would it be like to have never learned English, but instead only to know Hopi, Mandarin Chinese, or American Sign Language? Would that change the way you think? Imagine entirely losing your language, as the result of stroke or trauma. You are aphasic, unable to speak or listen, read or write. What would your thoughts now be like? As the most extreme case, imagine having been raised without any language at all, as a wild child. What—if anything—would it be (...)
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  29.  16
    An Abstract to Concrete Shift in the Development of Biological Thought: The Insides Story.Daniel J. Simons & Frank C. Keil - 1995 - Cognition 56 (2):129-163.
  30.  6
    A Proposal: The School Within a School.Frank C. Wegener - 1953 - Educational Theory 3 (1):14-30.
  31.  53
    Space—the Primal Frontier? Spatial Cognition and the Origins of Concepts.Frank C. Keil - 2008 - Philosophical Psychology 21 (2):241 – 250.
    The more carefully we look, the more impressive the repertoire of infant concepts seems to be. Across a wide range of tasks, infants seem to be using concepts corresponding to surprisingly high-level and abstract categories and relations. It is tempting to try to explain these abilities in terms of a core capacity in spatial cognition that emerges very early in development and then gets extended beyond reasoning about direct spatial arrays and events. Although such a spatial cognitive capacity may indeed (...)
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  32.  13
    The Emerging Causal Understanding of Institutional Objects.Alexander Noyes, Frank C. Keil & Yarrow Dunham - 2018 - Cognition 170:83-87.
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  33.  20
    C. Fl. Gallistel University of California, Los Angeles.Frank C. Keil - unknown
    Rochel Gelman University of California, Los Angeles..
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  34.  14
    Response Rate as a Function of Magnitude and Schedule of Heat Reinforcement.Frank C. Leeming - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (1p1):74.
  35.  22
    Overestimation of Knowledge About Word Meanings: The “Misplaced Meaning” Effect.Jonathan F. Kominsky & Frank C. Keil - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (8):1604-1633.
    Children and adults may not realize how much they depend on external sources in understanding word meanings. Four experiments investigated the existence and developmental course of a “Misplaced Meaning” effect, wherein children and adults overestimate their knowledge about the meanings of various words by underestimating how much they rely on outside sources to determine precise reference. Studies 1 and 2 demonstrate that children and adults show a highly consistent MM effect, and that it is stronger in young children. Study 3 (...)
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  36.  19
    Children’s Developing Notions of Partiality.Candice M. Mills & Frank C. Keil - 2008 - Cognition 107 (2):528-551.
  37.  9
    Two-Way Shuttle Avoidance After Simultaneous and Staged Lateral Septal Lesions in the Rat.Frank C. Kouba & Mary E. Bussey - 1973 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 2 (2):111-112.
  38.  5
    Using Enquiry-Based Learning Methods to Teach Finnegans Wake to Undergraduates.Frank C. Manista & Michael Patrick Gillespie - 2011 - Arts and Humanities in Higher Education 10 (1):85-98.
    Many readers dismiss James Joyce’s final novel as impossible to wade through, with its multilingual puns, songs, jokes, portmanteau words, allusions, scientific references, myths and legends. Given the kinetic elements of any reading experience, features particularly evident in Finnegans Wake, reading inevitably becomes synonymous with interpretation. To that end, this article focuses on the use of Enquiry-Based Learning, or EBL, by one upper-division English literature module, as an opportune methodology with which to encourage students to explore the myriad possible readings (...)
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  39.  8
    The End of an Educational Epoch: What Next?Frank C. Wegener - 1959 - Educational Theory 9 (3):129-139.
  40.  8
    Children’s and Adults’ Intuitions About Who Can Own Things.Nicholaus S. Noles, Frank C. Keil, Susan A. Gelman & Paul Bloom - 2012 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 12 (3-4):265-286.
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  41.  18
    Current Dilemmas, Hermeneutics, and Power.Frank C. Richardson - 2002 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 22 (2):114-132.
    A key to the shortcomings and confusions afflicting 20th century social science seems to be problematic moral underpinnings or "disguised ideologies" that drive much of its research and theory. Philosophical hermeneutics shows great promise for diagnosing this condition and reorienting human science inquiry in helpful ways. However, it has been suggested by a number of thoughtful critics that hermeneutics has not yet taken the full measure of the kinds of "power" that can imbue and distort human communication, including social theory (...)
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  42.  21
    Natural Categories and Natural Concepts.Frank C. Keil - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (2):293-294.
  43.  17
    The More Things Change…: Metamorphoses and Conceptual Structure.Michael H. Kelly & Frank C. Keil - 1985 - Cognitive Science 9 (4):403-416.
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  44.  6
    Collective Recognition and Function in Concepts of Institutional Social Groups.Alexander Noyes & Frank C. Keil - 2020 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 149 (7):1344-1359.
  45.  66
    Concepts, Correlations, and Some Challenges for Connectionist Cognition.Gary F. Marcus & Frank C. Keil - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (6):722-723.
    Rogers & McClelland's (R&M's) précis represents an important effort to address key issues in concepts and categorization, but few of the simulations deliver what is promised. We argue that the models are seriously underconstrained, importantly incomplete, and psychologically implausible; more broadly, R&M dwell too heavily on the apparent successes without comparable concern for limitations already noted in the literature.
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  46.  12
    The Illusion of Argument Justification.Matthew Fisher & Frank C. Keil - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (1):425-433.
  47.  17
    Godzilla Vs. Mothra and the Sydney Opera House: Boundary Conditions on Functional Architecture in Infant Visual Perception and Beyond.Frank C. Keil - 1991 - Mind and Language 6 (3):239-251.
  48.  17
    The Curse of Expertise: When More Knowledge Leads to Miscalibrated Explanatory Insight.Matthew Fisher & Frank C. Keil - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (5):1251-1269.
    Does expertise within a domain of knowledge predict accurate self-assessment of the ability to explain topics in that domain? We find that expertise increases confidence in the ability to explain a wide variety of phenomena. However, this confidence is unwarranted; after actually offering full explanations, people are surprised by the limitations in their understanding. For passive expertise, miscalibration is moderated by education; those with more education are accurate in their self-assessments. But when those with more education consider topics related to (...)
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  49.  30
    Double Deception: Two Against One in Three-Person Games. [REVIEW]Steven J. Brams & Frank C. Zagare - 1981 - Theory and Decision 13 (1):81-90.
    This article examines deception possibilities for two players in simple three-person voting games. An example of one game vulnerable to (tacit) deception by two players is given and its implications discussed. The most unexpected findings of this study is that in those games vulnerable to deception by two players, the optimal strategy of one of them is always to announce his (true) preference order. Moreover, since the player whose optimal announcement is his true one is unable to induce a better (...)
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  50.  19
    Knowing When Help Is Needed: A Developing Sense of Causal Complexity.Jonathan F. Kominsky, Anna P. Zamm & Frank C. Keil - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (2):491-523.
    Research on the division of cognitive labor has found that adults and children as young as age 5 are able to find appropriate experts for different causal systems. However, little work has explored how children and adults decide when to seek out expert knowledge in the first place. We propose that children and adults rely on “mechanism metadata,” information about mechanism information. We argue that mechanism metadata is relatively consistent across individuals exposed to similar amounts of mechanism information, and it (...)
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