Results for 'Horst Beintker'

938 found
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  1.  7
    Die bedeutung Des gebetes für theologie und frömmigkeit unter berücksichtigung Von luthers gebetsverständnis.Horst Beintker - 1964 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 6 (2):126-153.
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  2.  97
    Beyond Reduction: Philosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science.Steven Horst - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Contemporary philosophers of mind tend to assume that the world of nature can be reduced to basic physics. Yet there are features of the mind consciousness, intentionality, normativity that do not seem to be reducible to physics or neuroscience. This explanatory gap between mind and brain has thus been a major cause of concern in recent philosophy of mind. Reductionists hold that, despite all appearances, the mind can be reduced to the brain. Eliminativists hold that it cannot, and that this (...)
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  3.  32
    Symbols, Computation, and Intentionality: A Critique of the Computational Theory of Mind.Steven Horst - 1996 - University of California Press.
    In this carefully argued critique, Steven Horst pronounces the theory deficient.
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  4.  24
    Symbols, Computation, and Intentionality: A Critique of the Computational Theory of Mind.Rob Wilson & Steven W. Horst - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (1):120.
    This book offers a sustained critique of the computational theory of mind that deserves the attention of those interested in the presuppositions and implications of computational psychology. Horst begins by laying out the theory, reconstructing its perceived role in vindicating intentional psychology, and recounting earlier critiques on which he builds. Part 2, the heart of the book, analyzes a notion central to CTM—that of a symbol—arguing that symbols are conventional. In Part 3 Horst applies the results of this (...)
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  5.  5
    Beyond Reduction.S. Horst - 2009 - Analysis 69 (1):182-184.
    Towards the end of Beyond Reduction Horst hypothesizes that ‘it is a general design principle of the cognitive architecture of humans that the mind possesses multiple models for understanding and interacting practically with different aspects of the world’. The suggestion is made following a discussion of recent research in cognitive science. According to Horst, the hypothesis is also consistent with what recent non-reductionist tendencies in the philosophy of science teach us. Taken together, Horst claims these two sets (...)
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  6. Symbols and Computation: A Critique of the Computational Theory of Mind.Steven Horst - 1999 - Minds and Machines 9 (3):347-381.
    Over the past several decades, the philosophical community has witnessed the emergence of an important new paradigm for understanding the mind.1 The paradigm is that of machine computation, and its influence has been felt not only in philosophy, but also in all of the empirical disciplines devoted to the study of cognition. Of the several strategies for applying the resources provided by computer and cognitive science to the philosophy of mind, the one that has gained the most attention from philosophers (...)
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  7. How Reasoning Aims at Truth.David Horst - forthcoming - Noûs.
    Many hold that theoretical reasoning aims at truth. In this paper, I ask what it is for reasoning to be thus aim-directed. Standard answers to this question explain reasoning’s aim-directedness in terms of intentions, dispositions, or rule-following. I argue that, while these views contain important insights, they are not satisfactory. As an alternative, I introduce and defend a novel account: reasoning aims at truth in virtue of being the exercise of a distinctive kind of cognitive power, one that, unlike ordinary (...)
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  8.  8
    Word Learning Emerges From the Interaction of Online Referent Selection and Slow Associative Learning.Bob McMurray, Jessica S. Horst & Larissa K. Samuelson - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (4):831-877.
  9.  12
    What’s New? Children Prefer Novelty in Referent Selection.Jessica S. Horst, Larissa K. Samuelson, Sarah C. Kucker & Bob McMurray - 2011 - Cognition 118 (2):234-244.
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  10.  75
    Laws, Mind, and Free Will.Steven Horst - 2011 - MIT Press.
    Since the seventeenth century, our understanding of the natural world has been one of phenomena that behave in accordance with natural laws. While other elements of the early modern scientific worldview may be rejected or at least held in question—the metaphor of the world as a great machine, the narrowly mechanist assumption that all physical interactions must be contact interactions, the idea that matter might actually be obeying rules laid down by its Divine Author – the notion of natural law (...)
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  11.  6
    The Right Thing at the Right Time: Why Ostensive Naming Facilitates Word Learning.Emma L. Axelsson, Kirsten Churchley & Jessica S. Horst - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  12. Cognitive Pluralism.Steven Horst - forthcoming - MIT Press.
    This book introduces an account of cognitive architecture, Cognitive Pluralism, on which the basic units of understanding are models of particular content domains. Having many mental models is a good adaptive strategy for cognition, but models can be incompatible with one another, leading to paradoxes and inconsistencies of belief, and it may not be possible to integrate the understanding supplied by multiple models into a comprehensive and self-consistent "super model". The book applies the theory to explaining intuitive reasoning and cognitive (...)
     
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  13.  7
    Goodnight Book: Sleep Consolidation Improves Word Learning Via Storybooks.Sophie E. Williams & Jessica S. Horst - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  14. Absichtliches Handeln.David Horst - 2012 - Mentis.
  15. The Computational Theory of Mind.Steven Horst - 2005 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Over the past thirty years, it is been common to hear the mind likened to a digital computer. This essay is concerned with a particular philosophical view that holds that the mind literally is a digital computer (in a specific sense of “computer” to be developed), and that thought literally is a kind of computation. This view—which will be called the “Computational Theory of Mind” (CTM)—is thus to be distinguished from other and broader attempts to connect the mind with computation, (...)
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  16.  10
    The Dynamic Nature of Knowledge: Insights From a Dynamic Field Model of Children’s Novel Noun Generalization.Larissa K. Samuelson, Anne R. Schutte & Jessica S. Horst - 2009 - Cognition 110 (3):322-345.
  17. Phenomenology and Psychophysics.Steven Horst - 2005 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 4 (1):1-21.
    Recent philosophy of mind has tended to treat.
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  18. Actions and Accidents.David Horst - 2015 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 45 (3):300-325.
    In acting intentionally, it is no accident that one is doing what one intends to do. In this paper, I ask how to account for this non-accidentality requirement on intentional action. I argue that, for systematic reasons, the currently prevailing view of intentional action – the Causal Theory of Action – is ill-equipped to account for it. I end by proposing an alternative account, according to which an intention is a special kind of cause, one to which it is essential (...)
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  19.  29
    Introduction: Special Issue on Agency and Rationality.Sergio Tenenbaum & David Horst - 2018 - Manuscrito 41 (4).
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  20.  39
    Enkratic Agency.David Horst - 2016 - European Journal of Philosophy 24 (4).
    An enkratic agent is someone who intends to do A because she believes she should do A. Being enkratic is usually understood as something rationality requires of you. However, we must distinguish between different conceptions of enkratic rationality. According to a fairly common view, enkratic rationality is solely a normative requirement on agency: it tells us how agents should think and act. However, I shall argue that this normativist conception of enkratic rationality faces serious difficulties: it makes it a mystery (...)
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  21.  57
    Notions of Intuition in the Cognitive Science of Religion.Steven Horst - 2013 - The Monist 96 (3):377-398.
    This article examines the notions of “intuitive” and “counterintuitive” beliefs and concepts in cognitive science of religion. “Intuitive” states are contrasted with those that are products of explicit, conscious reasoning. In many cases the intuitions are grounded in the implicit rules of mental models, frames, or schemas. I argue that the pathway from intuitive to high theological concepts and beliefs may be distinct from that from intuitions to “folk religion,” and discuss how Christian theology might best interpret the results of (...)
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  22.  13
    Enkratic Agency.David Horst - 2017 - European Journal of Philosophy 25 (1):47-67.
    An enkratic agent is someone who intends to do A because she believes she should do A. Being enkratic is usually understood as something rationality requires of you. However, we must distinguish between different conceptions of enkratic rationality. According to a fairly common view, enkratic rationality is solely a normative requirement on agency: it tells us how agents should think and act. However, I shall argue that this normativist conception of enkratic rationality faces serious difficulties: it makes it a mystery (...)
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  23.  40
    Taking Our Own Medicine: On an Experiment in Science Communication.Maja Horst - 2011 - Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (4):801-815.
    In 2007 a social scientist and a designer created a spatial installation to communicate social science research about the regulation of emerging science and technology. The rationale behind the experiment was to improve scientific knowledge production by making the researcher sensitive to new forms of reactions and objections. Based on an account of the conceptual background to the installation and the way it was designed, the paper discusses the nature of the engagement enacted through the experiment. It is argued that (...)
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  24.  15
    Children's Referent Selection and Word Learning: Insights From a Developmental Robotic System.Katherine E. Twomey, Anthony F. Morse, Angelo Cangelosi & Jessica S. Horst - 2016 - Interaction Studies 17 (1):101-127.
    This article is currently available as a free download on Ingenta Connect.
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  25.  61
    Evolutionary Explanation and the Hard Problem of Consciousness.Steven Horst - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (1):39-48.
    Chalmers and others have argued that physicalist microexplanation is incapable of solving the ‘hard problem’ of consciousness. This article examines whether evolutionary accounts of the mind, such as those developed by Millikan, Dretske and Flanagan, can add anything to make up for the possible short falls of more reductionist accounts. I argue that they cannot, because evolutionary accounts explain by appeal to a selectional history that only comes into the picture if consciousness can first arise due to spontaneous mutation in (...)
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  26. Naturalisms in Philosophy of Mind.Steven Horst - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (1):219-254.
    Most contemporary philosophers of mind claim to be in search of a 'naturalistic' theory. However, when we look more closely, we find that there are a number of different and even conflicting ideas of what would count as a 'naturalization' of the mind. This article attempts to show what various naturalistic philosophies of mind have in common, and also how they differ from one another. Additionally, it explores the differences between naturalistic philosophies of mind and naturalisms found in ethics, epistemology, (...)
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  27.  66
    Miracles and Two Accounts of Scientific Laws.Steven Horst - 2014 - Zygon 49 (2):323-347.
    Since early modernity, it has often been assumed that miracles are incompatible with the existence of the natural laws utilized in the sciences. This paper argues that this assumption is largely an artifact of empiricist accounts of laws that should be rejected for reasons internal to philosophy of science, and that no such incompatibility arises on the most important alternative interpretations, which treat laws as expressions of forces, dispositions, or causal powers.
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  28. The Effect of Sleep on Children's Word Retention and Generalization.Emma L. Axelsson, Sophie E. Williams & Jessica S. Horst - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  29.  11
    Symbols, Computation, and Intentionality.Steven W. Horst - 1999 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (3):832-835.
  30.  66
    Modeling, Localization and the Explanation of Phenomenal Properties: Philosophy and the Cognitive Sciences at the Beginning of the Millennium.Steven Horst - 2005 - Synthese 147 (3):477-513.
    Case studies in the psychophysics, modeling and localization of human vision are presented as an example of.
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  31.  17
    Racial, Ethnic and Gender Inequities in Farmland Ownership and Farming in the U.S.Megan Horst & Amy Marion - 2019 - Agriculture and Human Values 36 (1):1-16.
    This paper provides an analysis of U.S. farmland owners, operators, and workers by race, ethnicity, and gender. We first review the intersection between racialized and gendered capitalism and farmland ownership and farming in the United States. Then we analyze data from the 2014 Tenure and Ownership Agricultural Land survey, the 2012 Census of Agriculture, and the 2013–2014 National Agricultural Worker Survey to demonstrate that significant nation-wide disparities in farming by race, ethnicity and gender persist in the U.S. In 2012–2014, White (...)
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  32. Beyond Reduction: What Can Philosophy of Mind Learn From Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science?Steven Horst - 2010 - The Order Project: Online Discussion Papers.
    Recent debates about the metaphysics of mind have tended to assume that inter-theoretic reductions are the norm in the natural sciences. With this assumption in place, the apparent explanatory gaps surrounding consciousness and intentionality seem unique, fascinating, and perhaps metaphysically significant. Over the past several decades, however, philosophers of science have largely rejected the notions that inter-theoretic reduction is either widespread in the natural sciences or a litmus for the legitimacy of the special sciences. If we adopt a post-reductionist philosophy (...)
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  33. Review of The Primacy of the Subjective: Foundations for a Unified Theory of Mind and Language. [REVIEW]S. Horst - 2006 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 21.
     
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  34.  4
    Current State and Future Prospects of EEG and fNIRS in Robot-Assisted Gait Rehabilitation: A Brief Review.Alisa Berger, Fabian Horst, Sophia Müller, Fabian Steinberg & Michael Doppelmayr - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  35.  88
    Eliminativism and the Ambiguity of `Belief'.Steven Horst - 1995 - Synthese 104 (1):123-45.
    It has recently been claimed (1) that mental states such as beliefs are theoretical entities and (2) that they are therefore, in principle, subject to theoretical elimination if intentional psychology were to be supplanted by a psychology not employing mentalistic notions. Debate over these two issues is seriously hampered by the fact that the key terms 'theoretical' and 'belief' are ambiguous. This article argues that there is only one sense of 'theoretical' that is of use to the eliminativist, and in (...)
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  36. Laws, Idealization, and the Status of Psychology.Steven Horst - unknown
    The SPP is, among other things, a place where we discuss nagging and perennial problems on the bordermarches between philosophy and the sciences. Sometimes problems are nagging and perennial because they are deep and difficult. And sometimes they are merely an artifact, a shadow cast by our own way of formulating the problem. I should like to suggest to you that philosophy of mind suffers badly from being the last refuge of the best philosophy of science of the 1950's, and (...)
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  37. How (Not) to Give a Theory of Concepts.Steven Horst - manuscript
    This paper presents the lineaments of a new account of concepts. The foundations of the account are four ideas taken from recent cognitive science, though most of them have important philosophical precursors. The first is the idea that human conceptuality shares important continuities with psychological faculties of other animals, and indeed that there is a well-distinguished hierarchy of such faculties that extend up and down the phylogenetic scale. While it would very likely be a mistake to look at some conglomeration (...)
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  38. Goldilocks Searches for a Conceptual Semantics.Steven Horst - manuscript
    This is a relatively breezy version of an exploration of some issues about how to provide a theory of concepts and conceptual semantics. I have also written more conventional versions of some of this material (without the Three Bears motif), though those are set in a broader context.
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  39.  65
    Evolutionary Explanation and Consciousness.Steven Horst - 2002 - Journal of Psychology and Theology 30 (1):41-50.
  40.  98
    New Semantics, Physicalism and a Posteriori Necessity.Steven Horst - manuscript
    The New Semantics (NS) introduced by Kripke and Putnam is often thought to block antiphysicalist arguments that involve an inference from an explanatory gap to a failure of supervenience. But this “NS Rebuttal” depends upon two assumptions that are shown to be dubious. First, it assumes that mental-kind terms are among the kinds of terms to which NS analysis is properly applied. However, there are important differences in this regard between the behavior of notions like ‘pain’ and notions like ‘water’, (...)
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  41.  13
    Memoirs of a Ballet MasterModern Dance Forms in Relation to the Other Modern Arts.Vitale Fokine, Anatole Chujoy, Louis Horst & Carroll Russell - 1962 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 20 (3):329.
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  42.  13
    Three Pamphlets Collected: Blast at Ballet, 1937; Ballet Alphabet, 1939; What Ballet Is All About, 1959Modern Dance Forms in Relation to the Other Modern Arts. [REVIEW]Juana de Laban, Lincoln Kirstein, Louis Horst & Carroll Russell - 1968 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 27 (1):116.
  43.  37
    Man’s Unknown Ancestors.J. Joseph Horst - 1944 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 19 (1):181-183.
  44.  5
    Response: Commentary: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Vs. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing for Treating Panic Disorder: A Randomized Controlled Trial.Ferdinand Horst, Brenda Den Oudsten, Wobbe Zijlstra, Ad de Jongh, Jill Lobbestael & Jolanda De Vries - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  45.  28
    Schwerpunkt: Praktisches Wissen.Andrea Kern & David Horst - 2013 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 61 (3):353-356.
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  46.  9
    Alphabet of Movements of the Human BodyPre-Classic Dance FormsDance, a Short History of Classic Theatrical DancingArtists of the DanceAnthology of Impulse. Annual of Contemporary Dance, 1951-1966.Juana de Laban, V. I. Stepanov, Louis Horst, Lincoln Kirstein, Lillian Moore & Marian van Tuyl - 1970 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 28 (4):556.
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  47. Notions of 'Representation' in Philosophy and Empirical Research.Steven Horst - 1992 - In Proceedings of the Conference on Cognition and Representation.
  48.  23
    Philosophical Fragments or a Fragment of Philosophy.J. Jos Horst - 1937 - Modern Schoolman 14 (4):91-92.
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  49.  25
    Logica Formalis.J. J. Horst - 1940 - Modern Schoolman 18 (1):19-19.
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  50.  22
    How to Think.J. Joseph Horst - 1943 - Modern Schoolman 21 (1):65-66.
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