Results for 'James Robert Chandler'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. An Incredible Shrunken History: A Response to Sean Shesgreen II.James Chandler, Robert Post, Judith Butler, Lorraine Daston, Mario Biagioli, Saba Mahmood, Amy Hollywood, Dudley Andrew, Gertrud Koch & Sheldon Pollock - 2009 - Critical Inquiry 35 (4).
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  2.  6
    Questions of Evidence: Proof, Practice, and Persuasion Across the Disciplines.James K. Chandler, Arnold Ira Davidson & Harry D. Harootunian (eds.) - 1994 - University of Chicago Press.
    Biologists, historians, lawyers, art historians, and literary critics all voice arguments in the critical dialogue about what constitutes evidence in research and scholarship. They examine not only the constitution and "blurring" of disciplinary boundaries, but also the configuration of the fact-evidence distinctions made in different disciplines and historical moments the relative function of such concepts as "self-evidence," "experience," "test," "testimony," and "textuality" in varied academic discourses and the way "rules of evidence" are themselves products of historical developments. The essays and (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. The Laboratory of the Mind: Thought Experiments in the Natural Sciences.James Robert Brown - 1991 - Routledge.
    Newton's bucket, Einstein's elevator, Schrödinger's cat – these are some of the best-known examples of thought experiments in the natural sciences. But what function do these experiments perform? Are they really experiments at all? Can they help us gain a greater understanding of the natural world? How is it possible that we can learn new things just by thinking? In this revised and updated new edition of his classic text _The Laboratory of the Mind_, James Robert Brown continues (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   93 citations  
  4.  51
    Smoke and Mirrors: How Science Reflects Reality.James Robert Brown - 1994 - Routledge.
    In Smoke and Mirrors , James Robert Brown fights back against figures such as Richard Rorty, Bruno Latour, Michael Ruse and Hilary Putnam who have attacked realistic accounts of science. This enlightening work also demonstrates that science mirrors the world in amazing ways. The metaphysics and epistemology of science, the role of abstraction, abstract objects, and a priori ways of getting at reality are all examined in this fascinating exploration of how science reflects reality. Both a defense of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  5. James Robert Brown: Thought Experiments and Platonism. Part Two.Nancy J. Nersessian, Dunja Jutronic, Ksenija Puskaric, Nenad Miscevic, Andreas K. A. Georgiou & James Robert Brown - 2007 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 7 (20):125-268.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  6.  74
    Philosophy of Mathematics: A Contemporary Introduction to the World of Proofs and Pictures.James Robert Brown - 2008 - Routledge.
    1. Introduction : the mathematical image -- 2. Platonism -- 3. Picture-proofs and Platonism -- 4. What is applied mathematics? -- 5. Hilbert and Gödel -- 6. Knots and notation -- 7. What is a definition? -- 8. Constructive approaches -- 9. Proofs, pictures and procedures in Wittgenstein -- 10. Computation, proof and conjecture -- 11. How to refute the continuum hypothesis -- 12. Calling the bluff.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  7.  13
    Who Rules in Science?: An Opinionated Guide to the Wars.James Robert Brown - 2001 - Harvard University Press.
    This eye-opening book reveals how little we've understood about the ongoing pitched battles between the sciences and the humanities--and how much may be at ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  8.  45
    The Rational and the Social.James Robert Brown - 1989 - Routledge.
    THE SOCIOLOGICAL TURN The problem we are concerned with is just this: How should we understand science? Are we to account for scientific knowledge (or ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  9.  76
    Philosophy of Mathematics: An Introduction to a World of Proofs and Pictures.James Robert Brown - 1999 - Routledge.
    _Philosophy of Mathematics_ is an excellent introductory text. This student friendly book discusses the great philosophers and the importance of mathematics to their thought. It includes the following topics: * the mathematical image * platonism * picture-proofs * applied mathematics * Hilbert and Godel * knots and nations * definitions * picture-proofs and Wittgenstein * computation, proof and conjecture. The book is ideal for courses on philosophy of mathematics and logic.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  10. Platonism, Naturalism, and Mathematical Knowledge.James Robert Brown - 2011 - Routledge.
    This study addresses a central theme in current philosophy: Platonism vs Naturalism and provides accounts of both approaches to mathematics, crucially discussing Quine, Maddy, Kitcher, Lakoff, Colyvan, and many others. Beginning with accounts of both approaches, Brown defends Platonism by arguing that only a Platonistic approach can account for concept acquisition in a number of special cases in the sciences. He also argues for a particular view of applied mathematics, a view that supports Platonism against Naturalist alternatives. Not only does (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  11.  92
    Thought Experiments Since the Scientific Revolution.James Robert Brown - 1986 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 1 (1):1 – 15.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   31 citations  
  12. Peeking Into Plato’s Heaven.James Robert Brown - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5):1126-1138.
    Examples of classic thought experiments are presented and some morals drawn. The views of my fellow symposiasts, Tamar Gendler, John Norton, and James McAllister, are evaluated. An account of thought experiments along a priori and Platonistic lines is given. I also cite the related example of proving theorems in mathematics with pictures and diagrams. To illustrate the power of these methods, a possible refutation of the continuum hypothesis using a thought experiment is sketched.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  13. Proofs and Pictures.James Robert Brown - 1997 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (2):161-180.
    Everyone appreciates a clever mathematical picture, but the prevailing attitude is one of scepticism: diagrams, illustrations, and pictures prove nothing; they are psychologically important and heuristically useful, but only a traditional verbal/symbolic proof provides genuine evidence for a purported theorem. Like some other recent writers (Barwise and Etchemendy [1991]; Shin [1994]; and Giaquinto [1994]) I take a different view and argue, from historical considerations and some striking examples, for a positive evidential role for pictures in mathematics.
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  14.  36
    Scientific Rationality: The Sociological Turn.James Robert Brown - 1984 - D. Reidel Publishing Company.
  15.  23
    How Do Feynman Diagrams Work?James Robert Brown - 2018 - Perspectives on Science 26 (4):423-442.
    Feynman diagrams are now iconic. Like pictures of the Bohr atom, everyone knows they have something important to do with physics. Those who work in quantum field theory, string theory, and other esoteric fields of physics use them extensively. In spite of this, it is far from clear what they are or how they work. Are they mere calculating tools? Are they somehow pictures of physical reality? Are they models in any interesting sense? Or do they play some other kind (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  16. Why Thought Experiments Transcend Experience.James Robert Brown - 2004 - In Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science. Blackwell. pp. 23-43.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  17.  87
    Politics, Method, and Medical Research.James Robert Brown - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (5):756-766.
    There is sufficient evidence that intellectual property rights are corrupting medical research. One could respond to this from a moral or from an epistemic point of view. I take the latter route. Often in the sciences factual discoveries lead to new methodological norms. Medical research is an example. Surprisingly, the methodological change required will involve political change. Instead of new regulations aimed at controlling the problem, the outright socialization of research seems called for, for the sake of better science. I (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  18. Thought Experiments. [REVIEW]James Robert Brown & Yiftach J. H. Fehige - 1995 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25 (1):135-142.
  19. Counter Thought Experiments.James Robert Brown - 2007 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 61:155-177.
    Let's begin with an old example. In De Rerum Naturua , Lucretius presented a thought experiment to show that space is infinite. We imagine ourselves near the alleged edge of space; we throw a spear; we see it either sail through the ‘edge’ or we see it bounce back. In the former case the ‘edge’ isn't the edge, after all. In the latter case, there must be something beyond the ‘edge’ that repelled the spear. Either way, the ‘edge’ isn't really (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  20.  70
    Why Empiricism Won't Work.James Robert Brown - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:271-279.
    Thought experiments provide us with scientific understanding and theoretical advances which are sometimes quite significant, yet they do this without new empirical input, and possibly without any empirical input at all. How is this possible? The challenge to empiricism is to give an account which is compatible with the traditional empiricist principle that all knowledge is based on sensory experience. Thought experiments present an enormous challenge to empiricist views of knowledge; so much so that some of us have thrown in (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  21. The Miracle of Science.James Robert Brown - 1982 - Philosophical Quarterly 32 (128):232-244.
  22.  2
    Ethics and the Continuum Hypothesis.James Robert Brown - 2019 - In James Robert Brown, Shaoshi Chen, Robert M. Corless, Ernest Davis, Nicolas Fillion, Max Gunzburger, Benjamin C. Jantzen, Daniel Lichtblau, Yuri Matiyasevich, Robert H. C. Moir, Mark Wilson & James Woodward (eds.), Algorithms and Complexity in Mathematics, Epistemology, and Science: Proceedings of 2015 and 2016 Acmes Conferences. Springer New York. pp. 1-16.
    Mathematics and ethics are surprisingly similar. To some extent this is obvious, since neither looks to laboratory experiments nor sensory experience of any kind as a source of evidence. Both are based on reason and something commonly call “intuition.” This is not all. Interestingly, mathematics and ethics both possess similar distinctions between pure and applied. I explore some of the similarities and draw methodological lessons from them. We can use these lessons to explore how and why Freiling’s refutation of the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  23.  12
    The Search for Certainty: A Philosophical Account of Foundations of Mathematics.James Robert Brown - 2004 - Mind 113 (449):177-179.
  24.  11
    Introduction.James Robert Brown - 2018 - Perspectives on Science 26 (4):419-422.
    Feynman diagrams have fascinated physicists and philosophers since they were introduced to the world about 70 years ago. Clearly, they help in calculation; they have allowed nearly impossible problems to be solved with relative ease. This is agreed by all, but that is probably where the consensus ends. Are they pictures of physical processes? Are they just devices for keeping track of mathematical formulae, that do the real work? Are they some sort of mix of both?They are almost as famous (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  25.  88
    Funding, Objectivity and the Socialization of Medical Research.James Robert Brown - 2002 - Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (3):295--308.
    There has been a sharp rise in private funding of medical research, especially in relation to patentable products. Several serious problems with this are described. A solution involving the elimination of patents and public funding administered through extended national health care systems is proposed.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  26. Thought Experiments in Science, Philosophy, and Mathematics.James Robert Brown - 2007 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 7 (1):3-27.
    Most disciplines make use of thought experiments, but physics and philosophy lead the pack with heavy dependence upon them. Often this is for conceptual clarification, but occasionally they provide real theoretical advances. In spite of their importance, however, thought experiments have received rather little attention as a topic in their own right until recently. The situation has improved in the past few years, but a mere generation ago the entire published literature on thought experiments could have been mastered in a (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  27.  23
    History and the Norms of Science.James Robert Brown - 1980 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:236 - 248.
    Starting from the assumption that the history of science is, in some significant sense, rational and thus that historical episodes may serve as evidence in choosing between competing normative methodologies of science, the question arises: "Just what is this history-methodology evidential relation?" After examining the proposals of Laudan, a more plausible account is proposed.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  28.  7
    Humanism and Ideology: An Aristotelian View.James Robert Flynn - 1973 - Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    The Problem of Ethical Scepticism To deal with the problem of ethical scepticism , to show why it is of particular interest to political activists and ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  29.  54
    Money, Method and Medical Research.James Robert Brown - 2004 - Episteme 1 (1):49-59.
    It's sometimes useful to start with a quiz, even if it seems irrelevant to the issues at hand. Suppose you have to organize a tennis tournament with, say, 1025 players. Match winners will go on to the next round while losers bow out until all have been eliminated except, of course, the final champion. Your problem is this: How many matches must you book for this tournament?
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  30.  48
    Explaining, Seeing, and Understanding in Thought Experiments.James Robert Brown - 2014 - Perspectives on Science 22 (3):357-376.
    Theories often run into paradoxes. Some of these are outright contradictions, sending the would-be champions of the theory back to the drawing board. Others are paradoxical in the sense of being bizarre and unexpected. The latter are sometimes mistakenly thought to be instances of the former. That is, they are thought to be more than merely weird; they are mistakenly thought to be self-refuting. Showing that they are not self-contradictory but merely a surprise is often a challenge. Notions of explanation (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  31.  68
    Rescher's Evolutionary Epistemology.James Robert Brown - 1985 - Philosophia 15 (3):287-300.
  32.  20
    Reason and Passion in Plato’s Republic.James Robert Peters - 1989 - Ancient Philosophy 9 (2):173-187.
  33.  74
    Science, Truth, and Democracy.James Robert Brown - 2004 - Journal of Philosophy 101 (11):599-606.
  34. What is a Definition?James Robert Brown - 1998 - Foundations of Science 3 (1):111-132.
    According to the standard view of definition, all defined terms are mere stipulations, based on a small set of primitive terms. After a brief review of the Hilbert-Frege debate, this paper goes on to challenge the standard view in a number of ways. Examples from graph theory, for example, suggest that some key definitions stem from the way graphs are presented diagramatically and do not fit the standard view. Lakatos's account is also discussed, since he provides further examples that suggest (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  35.  30
    Underdetermination and the Social Side of Science.James Robert Brown - 1995 - Dialogue 34 (1):147-.
  36.  46
    Kitcher’s Mathematical Naturalism.James Robert Brown - 2003 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 3 (1):1-20.
    Recent years have seen a number of naturalist accounts of mathematics. Philip Kitcher’s version is one of the most important and influential. This paper includes a critical exposition of Kitcher’s views and a discussion of several issues including: mathematical epistemology, practice, history, the nature of applied mathematics. It argues that naturalism is an inadequate account and compares it with mathematical Platonism, to the advantage of the latter.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  37.  55
    Siobhan Roberts. King of Infinite Space: Donald Coxeter, the Man Who Saved Geometry.James Robert Brown - 2007 - Philosophia Mathematica 15 (3):386-388.
    Donald Coxeter died in 2003, at a ripe old age of 96. Though I had regularly seen him at mathematics talks in Toronto for over twenty years, I never felt rushed to seek him out. It seemed he would go on forever. His death left me regretting my missed opportunity and Siobhan Robert's excellent book makes me regret it even more. Like any good biography of an intellectual, King of Infinite Space contains personal details and mathematical achievements in some (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  32
    Latour’s Prosaic Science.James Robert Brown - 1991 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 21 (2):245-261.
    The most embarrassing thing about ‘facts’ is the etymology of the word. The Latin facere means to make or construct. Bruno Latour, like so many other anti-realists who revel in the word’s history, thinks facts are made by us: they are a social construction. The view acquires some plausibility in Laboratory Life: The Social Construction of Scientific Facts which Latour co-authored with Steve Woolgar.1 This work, first published a decade ago, has become a classic in the sociology of science literature. (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  39.  32
    Einstein's Brand of Verificationism.James Robert Brown - 1987 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 2 (1):33 – 54.
    (1987). Einstein's brand of verificationism. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science: Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 33-54. doi: 10.1080/02698598708573301.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  40.  16
    Latour’s Prosaic Science.James Robert Brown - 1991 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 21 (2):245 - 261.
    The most embarrassing thing about ‘facts’ is the etymology of the word. The Latin facere means to make or construct. Bruno Latour, like so many other anti-realists who revel in the word’s history, thinks facts are made by us: they are a social construction. The view acquires some plausibility in Laboratory Life: The Social Construction of Scientific Facts which Latour co-authored with Steve Woolgar.1 This work, first published a decade ago, has become a classic in the sociology of science literature. (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  41.  10
    Otto Hahn and the Rise of Nuclear Physics.James Robert Brown - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (2):317-318.
  42. James Robert Brown, Who Rules in Science?: An Opinionated Guide to the Wars Reviewed. [REVIEW]K. Brad Wray - 2003 - Philosophy in Review 23 (2):84-86.
    A critical examination of James Brown's Who Rules in Science?
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  43.  6
    Constructivism and Science: Essays in Recent German Philosophy.Robert E. Butts & James Robert Brown (eds.) - 1989 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    The idea to produce the current volume was conceived by Jiirgen Mittelstrass and Robert E. Butts in 1978. Idealist philosophers are wrong about one thing: the temporal gap separating idea and reality can be very long indeed - even ten or so years! Problems of timing were joined by personal problems and by the pressure of other professional commitments. Fortunately, James Brown agreed to cooperate in the editing of the volume; the infusion of his usual energy, good judgement (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  44.  19
    Comments and Replies.James Robert Brown - 2007 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 7 (2):249-268.
    I reply to a number of papers (published in Croatian Journal of Philosophy 7 [2007], 29-92 and in this issue) that stem from a conference in Rijeka on thought experinlents. These are papers by Ana Butković, Dave Davies, Boris Grozdanoff, Dunja Jutronić, Nenad Miščević, Ksenija Puškarić, and Irina Starikova. Their criticisms of my views are diverse, but one theme, perhaps inevitably, dominates the criticisms: the unworkability of my Platonism. I try to defend this and to adequately answer other criticisms, as (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  45.  65
    Scientific Realism and the Plasticity of Mind.James Robert Brown - 1983 - International Philosophical Quarterly 23 (2):226-227.
  46.  73
    What is Applied Mathematics?James Robert Brown - 1997 - Foundations of Science 2 (1):21-37.
    A number of issues connected with the nature of applied mathematics are discussed. Among the claims are these: mathematics "hooks onto" the world by providing models or representations, not by describing the world; classic platonism is to be preferred to structuralism; and several issues in the philosophy of science are intimately connected to the nature of applied mathematics.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  47.  32
    Critical Notice of Roy Sorensen Thought Experiments.James Robert Brown - 1995 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25 (1):135-142.
    This book adds to the growing literature on thought experiments. There are numerous examples drawn from the sciences and philosophy. The principle claim is that thought experiments are a limiting case of real experiments. It is a moderate empiricist view, in contrast to, e.g., the Platonism of Brown or the strict empiricism of Norton. Highly recommended.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  48.  21
    EPR As A Priori Science.James Robert Brown - 1992 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 22 (sup1):253-272.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  49.  29
    Québec Studies in the Philosophy of Science Part 1: Logic, Mathematics, Physics and History of Science Part 2: Biology, Psychology, Cognitive Science and Economics Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vols. 177 and 178 Mathieu Marion and Robert S. Cohen, Editors Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publisher, 1995–96, Vol. 1: Xi + 320 Pp., $180; Vol. 2: Xi +303 Pp., $154. [REVIEW]James Robert Brown - 1998 - Dialogue 37 (3):620.
  50.  5
    Vico's Speculative Geometry of the Civil World.James Robert Goetsch - 1995 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 9 (4):279 - 295.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
1 — 50 / 1000