Results for 'Krzysztof Aleksander Krawczyk'

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  1.  6
    Fibring Epistemic and Temporal Logics.Krzysztof Aleksander Krawczyk - 2019 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 29 (1):195.
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  2.  31
    Tomasz Jarmużek, Marcin Tkaczyk, Normalne Logiki Pozycyjne, Wydawnictwo KUL, Lublin 2015, Ss. 202.Krzysztof Krawczyk - 2017 - Ruch Filozoficzny 72 (3):173.
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  3.  6
    Problem wszechwiedzy logicznej. Krytyka światów nienormalnych i propozycja nowego rozwiązania.Mateusz Klonowski & Krzysztof Krawczyk - 2018 - Filozofia Nauki 27 (1):27-48.
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  4.  31
    Discussion After J. Krawczyk’s Paper Cooperation or Defection? Participants: Krawczyk, Stróżewski, Sych, Zięba Janik, Mrs. Onyszkiewicz.Marek Krawczyk - 2008 - Dialogue and Universalism 18 (4-6):174-178.
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  5.  20
    Aristotle's Laptop — Authors' Appreciation of Reviews.Igor Aleksander & Helen B. Morton - 2014 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 6 (1):67-70.
    Igor Aleksander and Helen B. Morton, Int. J. Mach. Conscious. 06, 67 (2014). DOI: 10.1142/S1793843014400113.
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  6. Roger Scruton, Piękno, przeł. S. Krawczyk i A. Rejniak-Majewska. Seria „Krótkie Wprowadzenie', tom 14.Krzysztof Wawrzonkowski - 2019 - Ruch Filozoficzny 75 (3):187.
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  7. Assessing Artificial Consciousness.Igor Aleksander, Susan Stuart, Tom Ziemke, Ron Chrisley & Uziel Awret - 2008 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 15 (7):95-110.
    While the recent special issue of JCS on machine consciousness (Volume 14, Issue 7) was in preparation, a collection of papers on the same topic, entitled Artificial Consciousness and edited by Antonio Chella and Riccardo Manzotti, was published. 1 The editors of the JCS special issue, Ron Chrisley, Robert Clowes and Steve Torrance, thought it would be a timely and productive move to have authors of papers in their collection review the papers in the Chella and Manzotti book, and include (...)
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  8.  26
    The World in My Mind, My Mind in the World.Igor L. Aleksander - 2005 - Thorverton UK: Imprint Academic.
    Ifeel that Iam apartof, but separatefrom an 'out there' world. 2. Ifeel that my perception of the world mingles with feelings of past experience. 3. My experienceof the world is selective and purposeful. 4. I am thinking ahead allthe timeintrying ...
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  9. Modern Paradoxes of Aristotle’s Logic.Jason Aleksander - 2004 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 9 (1):79-99.
    This paper intends to explain key differences between Aristotle’s understanding of the relationships between nous, epistêmê, and the art of syllogistic reasoning(both analytic and dialectical) and the corresponding modern conceptions of intuition, knowledge, and reason. By uncovering paradoxa that Aristotle’s understanding of syllogistic reasoning presents in relation to modern philosophical conceptions of logic and science, I highlight problems of a shift in modern philosophy—a shift that occurs most dramatically in the seventeenth century—toward a project of construction, a pervasive desire for (...)
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  10.  72
    Axioms and Tests for the Presence of Minimal Consciousness in Agents I: Preamble.Igor L. Aleksander & B. Dunmall - 2003 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (4-5):7-18.
    This paper relates to a formal statement of the mechanisms that are thought minimally necessary to underpin consciousness. This is expressed in the form of axioms. We deem this to be useful if there is ever to be clarity in answering questions about whether this or the other organism is or is not conscious. As usual, axioms are ways of making formal statements of intuitive beliefs and looking, again formally, at the consequences of such beliefs. The use of this style (...)
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  11. The Problem of Temporality in the Literary Framework of Nicholas of Cusa’s De Pace Fidei.Jason Aleksander - 2014 - Symposion: Theoretical and Applied Inquiries in Philosophy and Social Sciences 1 (2):135-145.
    This paper explores Nicholas of Cusa’s framing of the De pace fidei as a dialogue taking place incaelo rationis. On the one hand, this framing allows Nicholas of Cusa to argue that all religious rites presuppose the truth of a single, unified faith and so temporally manifest divine logos in a way accommodated to the historically unique conventions of different political communities. On the other hand, at the end of the De pace fidei, the interlocutors in the heavenly dialogue are (...)
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  12. Machine Consciousness.Igor L. Aleksander - 2007 - In Max Velmans & Susan Schneider (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness. Blackwell.
  13.  11
    Teaching Ethics: Effect on Moral Development.R. M. Krawczyk - 1997 - Nursing Ethics 4 (1):57-65.
    The purpose of this study was to determine the development of moral judgement in first-year and senior baccalaureate nursing students. These students were enrolled in three separate nursing programmes, each of which differed significantly in ethical content. The sample totalled 180 students enrolled in three New England programmes. Programme A included an ethics course taught by a professor of ethics. Programme B integrated ethical issues into all nursing theory courses. Programme C did not include ethical content in theory courses. The (...)
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  14.  83
    Why Axiomatic Models of Being Conscious?Igor L. Aleksander - 2007 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (7):15-27.
    This paper looks closely at previously enunciated axioms that specifically include phenomenology as the sense of a self in a perceptual world. This, we suggest, is an appropriate way of doing science on a first-person phenomenon. The axioms break consciousness down into five key components: presence, imagination, attention, volition and emotions. The paper examines anew the mechanism of each and how they interact to give a single sensation. An abstract architecture, the Kernel Architecture, is introduced as a starting point for (...)
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  15.  82
    Structural Constraints and Object Similarity in Analogical Mapping and Inference.Daniel C. Krawczyk, Keith J. Holyoak & John E. Hummel - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (1):85 – 104.
    Theories of analogical reasoning have viewed relational structure as the dominant determinant of analogical mapping and inference, while assigning lesser importance to similarity between individual objects. An experiment is reported in which these two sources of constraints on analogy are placed in competition under conditions of high relational complexity. Results demonstrate equal importance for relational structure and object similarity, both in analogical mapping and in inference generation. The human data were successfully simulated using a computational analogy model (LISA) that treats (...)
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  16.  10
    Accuracy and Performance of the State-Based Φ and Liveliness Measures of Information Integration.David Gamez & Igor Aleksander - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1403-1424.
  17. Dante's Understanding of the Two Ends of Human Desire and the Relationship Between Philosophy and Theology.Jason Aleksander - 2011 - Journal of Religion 91 (2):158-187.
    I discuss Dante’s understanding that human existence is “ordered by two final goals” and how this understanding defines philosophy’s and theology’s respective scopes of authority in guiding human conduct. I show that, while Dante devalues the philosophical authority associated with the traditional Aristotelian emphasis on the significance of contemplative activity, he does so in order to highlight philosophy’s ethico-political authority to guide human conduct toward its “earthly beatitude.” Moreover, I argue that, although Dante subordinates earthly beatitude to spiritual beatitude, he (...)
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  18.  19
    Expert Analogy Use in a Naturalistic Setting.Donald R. Kretz & Daniel C. Krawczyk - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  19. Nicholas of Cusa’s De Pace Fidei and the Meta-Exclusivism of Religious Pluralism.Scott F. Aikin & Jason Aleksander - 2013 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 74 (2):219-235.
    In response to the fall of Constantinople in 1453, Nicholas of Cusa wrote De pace fidei defending a commitment to religious tolerance on the basis of the notion that all diverse rites are but manifestations of one true religion. Drawing on a discussion of why Nicholas of Cusa is unable to square the two objectives of arguing for pluralistic tolerance and explaining the contents of the one true faith, we outline why theological pluralism is compromised by its own meta-exclusivism.
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  20.  10
    An Investigation of Reasoning by Analogy in Schizophrenia and Autism Spectrum Disorder.Daniel C. Krawczyk, Michelle R. Kandalaft, Nyaz Didehbani, Tandra T. Allen, M. Michelle McClelland, Carol A. Tamminga & Sandra B. Chapman - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  21. Patterns of Projecta.Adam Krawczyk - 1981 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 46 (2):287-295.
    Roughly speaking, a pattern is a finite sequence coding the set of natural numbers n for which the Σ n + 1 projectum is less than the Σ n projectum for a given admissible ordinal. We prove that for each pattern there exists an ordinal realizing it. Several results on the orderings of patterns are given. We conclude the paper with remarks on ▵ n projecta. The main technique, used throughout the paper, is Jensen's Uniformisation Theorem.
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  22.  11
    The One‐to‐One Constraint in Analogical Mapping and Inference.Daniel C. Krawczyk, Keith J. Holyoak & John E. Hummel - 2005 - Cognitive Science 29 (5):797-806.
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  23.  44
    The Divine Comedy’s Construction of its Audience in Paradiso 2.1-18.Jason Aleksander - 2015 - Essays in Medieval Studies 30:1-10.
    Paradiso 2’s sustained direct address warns readers unprepared for its complexities to “turn back to see your shores again…for perhaps losing me, you would be lost,” but then offers the “other few” who crave “the bread of angels” the promise of a marvel that would rival the deeds of the mythological hero Jason. I will argue that, by appearing to impose this choice on its readers, this direct address in fact activates the craving for the bread of angels (for who, (...)
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  24. All Philosophers Go to Hell: Dante and the Problem of Infernal Punishment.Scott Aikin & Jason Aleksander - 2014 - Sophia 53 (1):19-31.
    We discuss the philosophical problems attendant to the justice of eternal punishments in Hell, particularly those portrayed in Dante’s Inferno. We conclude that, under Dante’s description, a unique version of the problem of Hell (and Heaven) can be posed.
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  25.  35
    The Significance Of The Erosion Of The Prohibition Against Metabasis To The Success And Legacy Of The Copernican Revolution.Jason Aleksander - 2011 - Annales Philosophici 3:9-21.
    Although one would not wish to classify Copernicus’ own intentions as belonging to the late-medieval and Renaissance tradition of nominalist philosophy, if we are to turn our consideration to what was responsible for the eventual success of the Copernican Revolution, we must also attend to other features of the dialectical context in relation to which the views of Copernicus and his followers were articulated, interpreted, and evaluated. Accordingly, this paper discusses the significance of the erosion of the Aristotelian prohibition against (...)
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  26.  6
    Chess Masters Show a Hallmark of Face Processing with Chess.Amy L. Boggan, James C. Bartlett & Daniel C. Krawczyk - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (1):37-42.
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  27.  41
    World-Related Integrated Information: Enactivist and Phenomenal Perspectives.Mike Beaton & Igor Aleksander - 2012 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 4 (2):439-455.
  28.  60
    A Model of Procedural and Distributive Fairness.Michal Wiktor Krawczyk - 2011 - Theory and Decision 70 (1):111-128.
    This article presents a new model aimed at predicting behavior in games involving a randomized allocation procedure. It is designed to capture the relative importance and interaction between procedural justice (defined crudely in terms of the difference between one’s expected payoff and average expected payoff in the group) and distributive justice (difference between own and average actual payoffs). The model is applied to experimental games, including “randomized” variations of simple sequential bargaining games, and delivers qualitatively correct predictions. In view of (...)
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  29. The Problem of Theophany in Paradiso 33.Jason Aleksander - 2011 - Essays in Medieval Studies 27:61-78.
    One widely discussed feature of Paradiso 33 is Dante’s emphasis on his failure to represent in words and memory his pilgrim’s exalted vision of the Trinity. Against other interpretations of this canto, I will discuss why, despite the fact that the language of failure seeks to reinforce the poetic illusion that revelation’s authority is grounded in an unmediated access to divine truth, the theophantic moment “represented” in Paradiso 33 instead shows that revelatory experience is nothing but a product of the (...)
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  30.  42
    The Potential Impact of Machine Consciousness in Science and Engineering.Igor Aleksander - 2009 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 1 (1):1-9.
  31.  10
    Salt Tectonics of the Eastern Border of the Leinetal Graben, Lower Saxony, Germany, as Deduced From Seismic Reflection Data.David C. Tanner, Patrick Musmann, Britta Wawerzinek, Hermann Buness, Charlotte M. Krawczyk & Rüdiger Thomas - 2015 - Interpretation: SEG 3 (3):T169-T181.
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  32.  71
    Machine Consciousness.Igor L. Aleksander - 2006 - In Steven Laureys (ed.), Boundaries of Consciousness. Elsevier.
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  33.  37
    Phenomenal Consciousness and Biologically Inspired Systems.Igor Aleksander - 2013 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 5 (1):3-9.
  34.  31
    Teaching Ethics: Effect on Moral Development.R. M. Krawczyk - 1997 - Nursing Ethics 4 (1):56-65.
    The purpose of this study was to determine the development of moral judgement in first-year and senior baccalaureate nursing students. These students were enrolled in three separate nursing programmes, each of which differed significantly in ethical content. The sample totalled 180 students enrolled in three New England programmes. Programme A included an ethics course taught by a professor of ethics. Programme B integrated ethical issues into all nursing theory courses. Programme C did not include ethical content in theory courses. The (...)
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  35. Conscious Machines.Igor Aleksander - 2010 - The Philosophers' Magazine 50 (50):18-19.
  36. Depictive Architectures for Synthetic Phenomenology.Igor Aleksander & Helen Morton - 2007 - In Antonio Chella & Riccardo Manzotti (eds.), Artificial Consciousness. Imprint Academic. pp. 67-81.
  37.  62
    Guillelmus de Aragonia, De Nobilitate Animi., Ed. And Trans., William D. Paden and Mario Trovato. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2012. Pp. Xvi, 193. $40. ISBN: 978-0-674-06812-4. [REVIEW]Jason Aleksander - 2015 - Speculum 90 (2):548-549.
    Review of: Guillelmus de Aragonia, De nobilitate animi, ed. and trans. William D. Paden and Mario Trovato. (Harvard Studies in Medieval Latin 2.) Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2012. Pp. xvi, 193. $40. ISBN: 978-0-674-06812-4.
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  38.  71
    Design and the Singularity: The Philosophers Stone of AI?Igor Aleksander - 2012 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 19 (7-8):7-8.
    Much discussion on the singularity is based on the assumption that the design ability of a human can be transferred into an AI system, then rendered autonomous and self-improving. I argue here that this cannot be foreseen from the current state of the art of automatic or evolutionary design. Assuming that this will happen 'some day' is a doubtful step andmay be in the class of 'searching for the Philosopher's Stone'.
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  39.  20
    Modélisation de la conscience dans les machines informatiques virtuelles. Fonctionnalisme et Phénoménologie.Igor Aleksander - 2007 - Synthesis Philosophica 22 (2):447-454.
    L’article décrit les efforts employés par ceux qui travaillent sur des machines et des analyses informationnelles afin de fournir des clés de compréhension de la conscience et des hypothèses sur les moyens nécessaires à la fabrication d’une machine consciente. Le texte mentionne certaines origines de ces considérations et fait le compte rendu des contributions de plusieurs chercheurs. Une distinction est établie entre les approches fonctionnelles et phénoménologiques. Les premières mènent aux méthodes algorithmiques fondées sur la programmation conventionnelle, tandis que les (...)
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  40.  74
    The Aporetic Ground of Revelation’s Authority in the Divine Comedy and Dante’s Demarcation and Defense of Philosophical Authority.Jason Aleksander - 2010 - Essays in Medieval Studies 26:1-14.
    I discuss Dante’s understanding that human existence is “ordered by two final goals” and how, for Dante, this understanding defines philosophy’s and revelation’s respective scopes of authority in guiding human conduct. Specifically, I show that, although Dante subordinates our earthly beatitude to spiritual beatitude in a way that seems to suggest the subordination of the authority of philosophy to that of revelation, he in fact limits philosophy’s scope to an arena in which its authority is not only legitimate but also (...)
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  41.  49
    Homo Physicus in Philosophical and Social Perspective.Zbigniew Krawczyk & Maciej Łęcki - 1979 - Dialectics and Humanism 6 (3):91-102.
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  42.  40
    Modeling Consciousness in Virtual Computational Machines. Functionalism and Phenomenology.Igor Aleksander - 2007 - Synthesis Philosophica 22 (2):447-454.
    This paper describes the efforts of those who work with informational machines and with informational analyses to provide a basis for understanding consciousness and for speculating on what it would take to make a conscious machine. Some of the origins of these considerations are covered and the contributions of several researchers are reviewed. A distinction is drawn between functional and phenomenological approaches showing how the former lead to algorithmic methods based on conventional programming, while the latter lead to neural network (...)
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  43.  29
    Measurability and the Baire Property at Higher Levels.Adam Krawczyk & Marian Srebrny - 1990 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 36 (5):377-380.
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  44.  38
    Bekanntes Erkennen: Informationen Zur Frauenforschung Ost.Karin Aleksander - 1995 - Die Philosophin 6 (11):74-93.
  45. Consciousness and Neural Cognizers: A Review of Some Recent Approaches. [REVIEW]C. Browne, Robert W. Evans, N. Sales & Igor L. Aleksander - 1997 - Neural Networks 10:1303-1316.
  46.  21
    Maria Skłodowska-Curie and the Importance of Her Discoveries for Medicine.Marek Krawczyk - 2011 - Dialogue and Universalism 21 (2):15-46.
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  47.  41
    Workspace Theories Are Alive and Well.Igor Aleksander - 2011 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 3 (02):309-312.
  48.  35
    Informational Minds: From Aristotle to Laptops (Book Extract).Igor Aleksander & Helen B. Morton - 2011 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 3 (02):383-397.
  49.  20
    Reflexes and Reality.Igor Aleksander - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (1):42.
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  50.  21
    Cooperation or Defection Strategies of Conduct in Conflict-Prone Situations.Jan Krawczyk - 2008 - Dialogue and Universalism 18 (4-6):119-125.
    The simple model of conflict-prone situations called Prisoner’s Dilemma is discussed. Whereas the best strategy for the model is to defect, in the case of its iterated version (Iterated Prisoner’s Dilemma—IPD) it is possible and more profitable to cooperate with the opponent.The simple strategy called Tit for Tat (TFT) which is easy to recognize, never defects first, punishes every defection but is also forgiving is presented. The TFT strategy is very successful being able to establish the cooperation with its opponents. (...)
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