Mereological Nihilism

Edited by Virendra Tripathi (University of Nebraska, Lincoln, University of Nebraska, Omaha)
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  1. added 2018-10-15
    A Language for Ontological Nihilism.Catharine Diehl - forthcoming - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy.
    According to ontological nihilism there are, fundamentally, no individuals. Both natural languages and standard predicate logic, however, appear to be committed to a picture of the world as containing individual objects. This leads to what I call the \emph{expressibility challenge} for ontological nihilism: what language can the ontological nihilist use to express her account of how matters fundamentally stand? One promising suggestion is for the nihilist to use a form of \emph{predicate functorese}, a language developed by Quine. This proposal faces (...)
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  2. added 2018-08-10
    Composition and the Logic of Location: An Argument for Regionalism.Cody Gilmore & Matt Leonard - forthcoming - Mind:fzy052.
    Ned Markosian (2014) has recently defended a new theory of composition, which he calls regionalism: some material objects xx compose something if and only if there is a material object located at the fusion of the locations of xx. Markosian argues that regionalism follows from what he calls the subregion theory of parthood (STP). Korman and Carmichael (2016) agree. We provide countermodels to show that regionalism does not follow from (STP), even together with fourteen potentially implicit background principles. We then (...)
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  3. added 2018-06-05
    Is There a True Metaphysics of Material Objects?Alan Sidelle - 2002 - Noûs 36 (s1):118-145.
    I argue that metaphysical views of material objects should be understood as 'packages', rather than individual claims, where the other parts of the package include how the theory addresses 'recalcitant data', and that when the packages meet certain general desiderata - which all of the currently competing views *can* meet - there is nothing in the world that could make one of the theories true as opposed to any of the others.
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  4. added 2018-06-05
    On What There Isn't. [REVIEW]Terence Horgan - 1993 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (3):693-700.
  5. added 2018-05-21
    Hume on the Unity of Determinations of Extension.Jani Hakkarainen - forthcoming - Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy.
    We do not fully understand Hume’s account of space if we do not understand his view of determinations of extension, which is too much ignored a topic. In this paper, I argue for an interpretation that determinations of extension are unities in Hume’s view: single beings in addition to their components. This realist reading is reasonable on both textual and philosophical grounds. There is strong textual evidence for it and no textual reason to reject it. Realism makes perfect sense of (...)
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  6. added 2018-05-15
    Here Goes Nothing.Lee Barry - 2016 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 12 (1):27-45.
    Subtraction arguments support the view that there might have been nothing. The best-developed SA to date, due to David Efird and Tom Stoneham, is claimed by its authors to entail that there are worlds in which there are space-time points but no concrete objects: Efird and Stoneham hold that space-time points are not concrete and that a world made up from them alone contains nothing concrete. In this paper it is argued that whole space-times are concrete and subtractable, so that (...)
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  7. added 2018-05-14
    One’s an Illusion: Organisms, Reference, and Non-Eliminative Nihilism.Joseph Long - forthcoming - Philosophia:1-17.
    Gabriele Contessa has recently introduced and defended a view he calls ‘non-eliminative nihilism’. Non-eliminative nihilism is the conjunction of mereological nihilism and non-eliminativism about ordinary objects. Mereological nihilism is the thesis that composite objects do not exist, where something is a composite object just in case it has proper parts. Eliminativism about ordinary objects denies that ordinary objects exist. Eliminativism thus implies, for example, that there are no galaxies, planets, stars, ships, tables, books, organisms, cells, molecules, or atoms. Non-eliminativism is (...)
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  8. added 2018-04-03
    Mereological Composition and Plural Quantifier Semantics.Manuel Lechthaler & Ceth Lightfield - 2018 - Philosophia 46 (4):943-958.
    Mereological universalists and nihilists disagree on the conditions for composition. In this paper, we show how this debate is a function of one’s chosen semantics for plural quantifiers. Debating mereologists have failed to appreciate this point because of the complexity of the debate and extraneous theoretical commitments. We eliminate this by framing the debate between universalists and nihilists in a formal model where these two theses about composition are contradictory. The examination of the two theories in the model brings clarity (...)
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  9. added 2018-03-21
    Mereological Nihilism and Puzzles About Material Objects.Bradley Rettler - forthcoming - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly.
    Mereological nihilism is the view that no objects have proper parts. Despite how counter‐intuitive it is, it is taken quite seriously, largely because it solves a number of puzzles in the metaphysics of material objects – or so its proponents claim. In this article, I show that for every puzzle that mereological nihilism solves, there is a similar puzzle that (a) it doesn’t solve, and (b) every other solution to the original puzzle does solve. Since the solutions to the new (...)
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  10. added 2018-02-20
    Handbook of Mereology.Hans Burkhardt, Johanna Seibt, Guido Imaguire & Stamatios Gerogiorgakis (eds.) - 2017 - Munich: Philosophia.
    The present volume is the first comprehensive reference work for research on part-whole relations. The Handbook of Mereology offers a wide scope, inclusive presentation of contemporary research on part-whole relations that draws out systematic, historical, and interdisciplinary trajectories, shows the subject’s fertility, and inspires future explorations. In particular, we want to impress that mereology is much more than the study of axiomatised systems. The relationship between part and whole is a basic schema of cognitive organisation that operates not only at (...)
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  11. added 2017-12-06
    Mereological Nihilism: Keeping It Simple.Simon D. Thunder - 2017 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 6 (4):278-287.
    (Mereological) nihilism states that there are no composite objects—there are only sub-atomic particles such as quarks. Nihilism’s biggest rival, (mereological) universalism, posits vast numbers of composite objects in addition to the sub-atomic particles, and so nihilism appears to be the more ontologically parsimonious of the two theories. If this is the case, it’s a significant result for the nihilist: ontological parsimony is almost always thought to be a theoretical virtue, so a nihilist victory in the parsimony stakes gives us a (...)
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  12. added 2017-10-17
    Composition and Relative Counting.Massimiliano Carrara & Giorgio Lando - 2017 - Dialectica 71 (4):489-529.
    According to the so-called strong variant of Composition as Identity (CAI), the Principle of Indiscernibility of Identicals can be extended to composition, by resorting to broadly Fregean relativizations of cardinality ascriptions. In this paper we analyze various ways in which this relativization could be achieved. According to one broad variety of relativization, cardinality ascriptions are about objects, while concepts occupy an additional argument place. It should be possible to paraphrase the cardinality ascriptions in plural logic and, as a consequence, relative (...)
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  13. added 2017-07-06
    Straightening Priority Out.Tatjana von Solodkoff - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 161 (3):391-401.
    In recent work, Louis deRosset (Philosophical Studies 149:73–97, 2010) has argued that priority theorists, who hold that truths about macroscopic objects can be metaphysically explained without reference to such things, cannot meet an independently motivated constraint upon good explanation. By clarifying the nature of the priority theorist’s project, I argue that deRosset’s argument fails to establish its conclusion.
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  14. added 2017-05-31
    Mereological Nihilism and the Problem of Emergence.David Michael Cornell - 2017 - American Philosophical Quarterly 54 (1):77-87.
    Mereological nihilism is the view that there are no composite objects; everything in existence is mereologically simple. The view is subject to a number of difficulties, one of which concerns what I call the problem of emergence. Very briefly, the problem is that nihilism seems to be incompatible with emergent properties; it seems to rule out their very possibility. This is a problem because there are good independent reasons to believe that emergent properties are possible. This paper provides a solution (...)
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  15. added 2017-03-07
    A Sudden Collapse to Nihilism.Roberto Loss - 2018 - Philosophical Quarterly 68 (271):370-375.
    According to Composition is Identity, a whole is literally identical to the plurality of its parts. According to Mereological Nihilism, nothing has proper parts. In this note, it is argued that Composition is Identity can be shown to entail Mereological Nihilism in a much more simple and direct way than the one recently proposed by Claudio Calosi.
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  16. added 2017-02-16
    Modest Spell of Nihilism.Tomas Sodeika - 2008 - Problemos 73:204-209.
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  17. added 2017-02-15
    Digital Subtraction Angiography.John Hesselink & Steven Weindling - 1988 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 9 (3):399-413.
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  18. added 2017-02-14
    Margins of Nihilism/Nihilisms of the Margin.A. R. Taskale - 2011 - Theory, Culture and Society 28 (2):152-161.
    This article reviews Bülent Diken’s recent book, Nihilism. In so doing, it focuses especially on the disjunctive synthesis between passive nihilism and radical nihilism . Finally, the article claims that Diken’s project is to resuscitate the idea of revolution, to reinvent the revolutionary politics.
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  19. added 2017-02-14
    Nihilism.Robert G. Olson - 1967 - In Paul Edwards (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Philosophy. New York: Macmillan. pp. 5--515.
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  20. added 2017-02-13
    Credinţă, Nihilism Şi Fidelitate.Virgil Ciomoş - 2002 - Dilema 502:20.
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  21. added 2017-02-13
    Scientific Nihilism by Daniel Atheam.B. W. Owen - 1996 - Auslegung 21 (1):74-79.
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  22. added 2017-02-13
    Fragments on Nihilism.P. Kouba - 1992 - Filosoficky Casopis 40 (4):625-637.
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  23. added 2017-02-12
    Counterparts and Compositional Nihilism: A Reply to A. J. Cotnoir.Megan Wallace - 2013 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 2 (2):242-247.
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  24. added 2017-02-10
    Albert Camus: Nihilist Vs. Nihilism.I. M. Kutasova - 1976 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 14 (4):72-95.
    Nihilism has been a most characteristic feature of the psychology and world-view of several generations of young people in capitalist society. A rejection of traditional religion, of the dominant ideology and morality; a disdain for all authorities; a demand for total emancipation of the spirit, going so far as denial of cultural values and established life-style - all are to a greater or lesser extent characteristic of the outlook of both the "lost generation" that emerged from World War I with (...)
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  25. added 2017-02-08
    Children’s Understanding of the Relationship Between Addition and Subtraction.Camilla K. Gilmore & Elizabeth S. Spelke - 2008 - Cognition 107 (3):932-945.
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  26. added 2017-02-08
    Beyond Nihilism.Fred Evans - 1990 - Radical Philosophy Review of Books 1 (1):28-30.
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  27. added 2017-02-08
    Logical Subtraction And The Analysis Of Action.Robert A. Jaeger - 1976 - Analysis 36 (March):141-146.
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  28. added 2017-02-08
    The Logic of Nihilism.Charles F. Kielkopf - 1975 - New Scholasticism 49 (2):162-176.
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  29. added 2017-02-03
    Nihilism?Gunnar Skirbekk - 1973 - Bergen, Unversitetet Filosofisk Institutt.
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  30. added 2017-02-03
    Beyond Nihilism.Fred H. Willhoite - 1968 - Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University Press.
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  31. added 2017-02-03
    Nihilism.Helmut Thielicke - 1961 - New York: Schocken Books.
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  32. added 2017-02-03
    Beyond Nihilism.Michael Polanyi - 1960 - Cambridge University Press.
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  33. added 2017-02-03
    Kritik des Nihilismus.Ernst Mayer - 1958 - München, Lehnen Verlag.
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  34. added 2017-02-02
    Nihilism.Alan Pratt - 2001 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  35. added 2017-02-02
    Nihilism: A Philosophical Essay.Stanley Rosen - 1969 - St. Augustine's Press.
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  36. added 2017-02-01
    The Last Refuge From Nihilism.James Williams - 2000 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 8 (1):115 – 124.
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  37. added 2017-02-01
    Action and Subtraction.Robert A. Jaeger - 1973 - Philosophical Review 82 (3):320-329.
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  38. added 2017-01-30
    There Might Be Nothing: The Subtraction Argument Improved.G. Rodriguez-Pereyra - 1997 - Analysis 57 (3):159-166.
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  39. added 2017-01-29
    Philoponus and the Subtraction Argument.Kieran Nanasi - unknown
    The subtraction argument for the existence of an empty world has been challenged in the case of where the world has an infinite number of objects. Drawing on the reconstruction of Philoponus’ traversal argument by George Couvalis. I argue that a subtraction argument based around time units can adequately deal with worlds that are inhabited by an infinite number of objects.
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  40. added 2017-01-28
    Nihilism, Thought and Personhood: An Ontological Study.Michael Franklin Patton - 1990 - Dissertation, Syracuse University
    I consider the answer to the question "Under what conditions do objects add up to or compose something?" Any causal answer falls prey to concerns of vagueness: for any physical relationship R that holds between objects, there will be vague instances of R. These answers will be open to all the problems that accompany any account of vague identity. I reject these causal answers and argue that the right theory of composition must be one of the non-causal theories: Universalism and (...)
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  41. added 2017-01-27
    Nihilism, Performativity and the Ontology of Everyday Life.Rita Šerpytytė - 2010 - Problemos 77:7-14.
    The article deals with the problem of performativity in the treating of nihilism. In order to disclose acute, but at the same time, concealed angles of this problem, the analysis of nihilism is being turned to the so called “ontology” of everyday life. The theoretical approach of Maurizio Ferraris ensure the rich field of investigation as well as provide with the object of theoretical critics. By using theoretical attitudes of the “diagnosticians” of nihilism as well as the arguments of Austin, (...)
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  42. added 2017-01-23
    Against Mereological Nihilism.Jonathan Tallant - 2014 - Synthese 191 (7):1511-1527.
    I argue that mereological nihilism fails because it cannot answer the special arrangement question: when is it true that the xs are arranged F-wise? I suggest that the answers given in the literature fail and that the obvious responses that could be made look to undermine the motivations for adopting nihilism in the first place.
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  43. added 2017-01-23
    Ontological Nihilism.Jason Turner - 2011 - In Karen Bennett & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.), Oxford Studies in Metaphysics. Oxford University Press. pp. 3-54.
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  44. added 2017-01-22
    Logical Subtraction.James L. Hudson - 1975 - Analysis 35 (4):130 - 135.
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  45. added 2017-01-21
    Could There Have Been Nothing?: Against Metaphysical Nihilism.Geraldine Coggins - 2010 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Machine generated contents note: Introduction -- Possible Worlds -- The Subtraction Argument -- The Metaphysics of Subtraction -- World and Object -- Metaphysical Nihilism -- Anti-nihilism -- Conclusion -- Index.
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  46. added 2017-01-20
    Justifying Metaphysical Nihilism: A Response to Cameron.David Efird & Tom Stoneham - 2009 - Philosophical Quarterly 59 (234):132-137.
    Ross Cameron charges the subtraction argument for metaphysical nihilism with equivocation: each premise is plausible only under different interpretations of 'concrete'. This charge is ungrounded; the argument is both valid and supported by basic modal intuitions.
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  47. added 2017-01-18
    Is Metaphysical Nihilism Interesting?David Efird & Tom Stoneham - 2009 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 90 (2):210-231.
    Suppose nothing exists. Then it is true that nothing exists. What makes that true? Nothing! So it seems that if nothing existed, then the principle that every truth is made true by something (the truthmaker principle) would be false. So if it is possible that nothing exists, a claim often called 'metaphysical nihilism', then the truthmaker principle is not necessary. This paper explores various ways to resolve this conflict without restricting metaphysical nihilism in such a way that it would become (...)
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  48. added 2017-01-18
    The Subtraction Argument(S).Alexander Paseau - 2006 - Dialectica 60 (2):145–156.
    The subtraction argument aims to show that there is an empty world, in the sense of a possible world with no concrete objects. The argument has been endorsed by several philosophers. I show that there are currently two versions of the argument around, and that only one of them is valid. I then sketch the main problem for the valid version of the argument.
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  49. added 2017-01-16
    Do Ordinary Objects Exist? No.Trenton Merricks - forthcoming - In Elizabeth Barnes (ed.), Current Controversies in Metaphysics. Routledge.
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  50. added 2017-01-15
    Why the Subtraction Argument Does Not Add Up.A. Paseau - 2002 - Analysis 62 (1):73-75.
    Gonzalo Rodriguez-Pereyra (1997) has refined an argument due to Thomas Baldwin (1996), which claims to prove nihilism, the thesis that there could have been no concrete objects, and which apparently does so without reliance on any heavy-duty metaphysics of modality. This note will show that on either reading of its key premiss, the subtraction argument Rodriguez-Pereyra proposes is invalid.
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