Results for 'Kurtis George Hagen'

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  1.  46
    Conspiracy Theories and the Paranoid Style: Do Conspiracy Theories Posit Implausibly Vast and Evil Conspiracies?Kurtis Hagen - 2018 - Social Epistemology 32 (1):24-40.
    In the social science literature, conspiracy theories are commonly characterized as theories positing a vast network of evil and preternaturally effective conspirators, and they are often treated, either explicitly or implicitly, as dubious on this basis. This characterization is based on Richard Hofstadter’s famous account of ‘the paranoid style’. However, many significant conspiracy theories do not have any of the relevant qualities. Thus, the social science literature provides a distorted account of the general category ‘conspiracy theory’, conflating it with a (...)
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  2.  57
    The Propriety of Confucius: A Sense-of-Ritual.Kurtis Hagen - 2010 - Asian Philosophy 20 (1):1 – 25.
    In the philosophy of Confucius, the concept _li_ is both central and elusive. While it is often translated 'ritual' or 'the rites,' I argue that there are numerous significant ways in which _li_ is as much an internal property of individuals as it is an external set of rules or norms. I discuss _li_ as deference, as developed dispositions, as embodied intelligence, and as personalized exemplary conduct. Finally, reflecting on the work of Fingarette, and Hall and Ames, as well as (...)
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  3.  38
    Is Infiltration of “Extremist Groups” Justified?Kurtis Hagen - 2010 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (2):153-168.
    Many intellectuals scoff at what they call “conspiracy theories.” But two Harvard law professors, Cass Sunstein (now working for the Obama administration) and Adrian Vermeule, go further. They argue in the Journal of Political Philosophy that groups that espouse such theories ought to be infiltrated and undermined by government agents and allies. While some may find this proposal appalling (as indeed we all should), others may find the argument plausible, especially if they have been swayed by the notion that conspiracy (...)
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  4.  40
    Conspiracy Theories and Stylized Facts.Kurtis Hagen - 2011 - Journal for Peace and Justice Studies 21 (2):3-22.
    In an article published in the Journal of Political Philosophy, Cass Sunstein and Adrian Vermeule argue that the government and its allies ought to activelyundermine groups that espouse conspiracy theories deemed “demonstrably false.” They propose infiltrating such groups in order to “cure” conspiracy theorists by treating their “crippled epistemology” with “cognitive diversity.” They base their proposal on an analysis of the “causes” of such conspiracy theories, which emphasizes informational and reputational cascades. Some may regard their proposal as outrageous and anti-democratic. (...)
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  5.  44
    Xunzi's Use of Zhengming: Naming as a Constructive Project.Kurtis Hagen - 2002 - Asian Philosophy 12 (1):35 – 51.
    This paper challenges the view of several interpreters of Xunzi regarding the status of names, ming. I will maintain that Xunzi's view is consistent with the activity we see not only in his own efforts to influence language, but those of Confucius as well. Based on a reconsideration of translations and interpretations of key passages, I will argue that names are regarded neither as mere labels nor as indicating a privileged taxonomy of the myriad phenomena. Rather, Xunzi conceives them as (...)
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  6.  54
    Xunzi and the Prudence of Dao : Desire as the Motive to Become Good.Kurtis Hagen - 2011 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 10 (1):53-70.
    Xunzi is often interpreted as offering a method for transforming our desires. This essay argues that, strictly speaking, he does not. Rather, Xunzi offers a method of developing an auxiliary motivational structure capable of overpowering our original desires, when there is a conflict. When one succeeds in transforming one’s overall character, original desires nevertheless remain and are largely satisfied. This explains why one may be motivated to follow the way even before one has developed noble intentions. On Xunzi’s view, following (...)
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  7.  43
    Artifice and Virtue in the Xunzi.Kurtis Hagen - 2003 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 3 (1):85-107.
    Xunzi was chronologically the third of the three great Confucian thinkers of China’s classical period, after Confucius and Mencius. Having produced the most comprehensive philosophical system of that period, he occupies a place in the development of Chinese philosophy comparable to that of Aristotle in the Western philosophical tradition. This essay reveals how Xunzi’s understanding of virtue and moral development dovetailed with his positions on ritual propriety, the attunement of names, the relation betweenli (patterns) andlei (categories), and his view ofdao (...)
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  8.  38
    The Concepts of Li and Lei in the Xunzi: Constructive Patterning of Categories.Kurtis Hagen - 2001 - International Philosophical Quarterly 41 (2):183-197.
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  9.  27
    Sorai and Xunzi on the Construction of the Way.Kurtis Hagen - 2005 - Asian Philosophy 15 (2):117 – 141.
    While Sorai's intellectual debt to Xunzi is often mentioned, the similarities between their views have not often been explored at length in English2.2 Further, while Maruyama Masao does compare the two thinkers in his influential monograph Studies in the Intellectual History of Tokugawa Japan, he stresses (apparent) differences between Xunzi and Sorai, in order to hail Sorai's uniqueness. Without meaning to take anything away from Sorai as an independent thinker, I maintain that with regard to precisely those views for which (...)
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  10.  14
    Sorai and the Will Oftian.Kurtis Hagen - 2006 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 5 (2):313-330.
    My purpose has been more negative than positive. That is, I have challenged the view that Sorai understoodtian as an intentional agent. At minimum, Sorai’s philosophical views do not depend upon such a conception oftian, and he refrains from characterizingtian in such terms when he discusses the concept oftian directly. However, I do not claim to have proven that Sorai’s view oftian was completely naturalistic, or even that Sorai did not—at some level—believe thattian had intentions. I have, I hope, shown (...)
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  11.  18
    A Critical Review of Ivanhoe on Xunzi.kurtis hagen - 2000 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 27 (3):361–373.
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  12.  9
    A Chinese Critique on Western Ways of Warfare.Kurtis Hagen - 1996 - Asian Philosophy 6 (3):207 – 217.
    Abstract I will argue that there are two pervasive and enduring Western attitudes towards warfare: one involves the romanticism of violent conflict, the other concerns moral justification for it. These stand in sharp contrast to the traditional Chinese attitude as put forward in the Chinese classic treatises on warfare, the Sun?tzu and Sun Pin. I will reference similar concerns articulated in the Taoist and, to a lesser extent, Confucian classics both to confirm and clarify this position. Using the combination of (...)
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  13.  29
    A Response to Eric Hutton’s Review.Kurtis Hagen - 2007 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 6 (4):441-443.
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  14.  14
    Bai, Tongdong, China: The Political Philosophy of the Middle Kingdom: New York: Zed Books, 2012, Viii+206 Pages. [REVIEW]Kurtis G. Hagen - 2013 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 12 (4):545-549.
  15. Conspiracy Theorists and Social Scientists.Kurtis Hagen - 2018 - In M. R. X. Dentith (ed.), Taking Conspiracy Theories Seriously. London: Rowman and Littlefield. pp. 125-140.
    Presumably authoritative sources, such as social scientists who study conspiracy theorists, are generally expected to be logically rigorous, intellectually honest, and unbiased. This chapter suggests that this expectation may not always be justified. Specifically, it exposes a number of significant problems in an attempt by a group of social scientists to defend the (ostensibly) scientific study of conspiracy theorists. First, they misrepresent their own previously stated intentions. Second, they misrepresent a critique of those intentions. Third, they fail completely in their (...)
     
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  16.  17
    Is Conspiracy Theorizing Really Epistemically Problematic?Kurtis Hagen - forthcoming - Episteme:1-23.
    In an article based on a recent address to the Royal Institute of Philosophy, Keith Harris has argued that there is something epistemically wrong with conspiracy theorizing. Although he finds “standard criticisms” of conspiracy theories wanting, he argues that there are three subtle but significant problems with conspiracy theorizing: It relies on an invalid probabilistic version of modus tollens. It involves a problematic combination of both epistemic virtues and vices. And it lacks an adequate basis for trust in its information (...)
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  17.  22
    Ritual and Religion in the Xunzi Ed. By T. C. Kline III and Justin Tiwald.Kurtis Hagen - 2016 - Philosophy East and West 66 (2):676-678.
    As the title Ritual and Religion in the Xunzi accurately suggests, this collection of essays edited by T. C. Kline III and Justin Tiwald addresses Xunzi’s perspective on ritual and religion. Some of the essays are new, others are have been published previously. As a whole, the book strives to portray Xunzi as a religious philosopher, and to elucidate his potential contribution to the understanding of religion and ritual. Although there are a variety of views presented, Xunzi is generally characterized (...)
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  18. Review Of David Ray Griffin's Cognitive Infiltration: An Obama Appointee's Plan To Undermine The 9/11 Conspiracy Theory. [REVIEW]Kurtis Hagen - 2011 - Florida Philosophical Review 11 (1):66-68.
     
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  19.  36
    Review of Virtue, Nature, and Moral Agency in the Xunzi by T. C. Kline III; Philip J. Ivanhoe. [REVIEW]Kurtis Hagen - 2001 - Philosophy East and West 51 (3):434-440.
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  20.  23
    Should Academics Debunk Conspiracy Theories?Kurtis Hagen - 2020 - Social Epistemology 34 (5):423-439.
    This article addresses the question, ‘Should scholars debunk conspiracy theories or stay neutral?’ It describes ‘conspiracy theories’ and two senses of ‘neutrality,’ arguing that scholars should be...
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  21.  7
    Would Early Confucians Really Support Humanitarian Interventions?Kurtis G. Hagen - 2016 - Philosophy East and West 66 (3):818-841.
    Many scholars view Confucianism as relatively open to war, as a legitimate tool for maintaining order and rescuing oppressed peoples. Indeed, it is not uncommon for statements such as the following to be presented as though they were straightforward matters of fact: “Confucians would approve the use of force by one state against another state for the protection against abusive rule in the latter if properly carried out”.1 Such claims find support in the work of Daniel A. Bell, Tongdong Bai, (...)
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  22.  41
    Hagen, Kurtis, the Philosophy of Xunzi: A Reconstruction.Eric L. Hutton - 2007 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 6 (4):417-421.
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  23.  15
    Philosophers of the Warring States: A Sourcebook in Chinese Philosophy.Steve Coutinho & Kurtis Hagen (eds.) - 2018 - Peterborough, Canada: Broadview Press.
    An anthology of new translations of essential readings from the classical texts of early Chinese philosophy. It includes the Analects of Confucius, Meng Zi (Mencius), Xun Zi, Mo Zi, Lao Zi (Dao De Jing), Zhuang Zi, and Han Fei Zi, as well as short chapters on the Da Xue and the Zhong Yong. Pedagogically organized, it offers philosophically sophisticated annotations and commentaries as well as an extensive glossary explaining key philosophical concepts in detail.
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  24.  34
    A Further Response to Kurtis Hagen.Eric L. Hutton - 2007 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 6 (4):445-446.
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  25.  14
    Camels, Cormorants, and Kangaroo Rats: Integration and Synthesis in Organismal Biology After World War II.Joel B. Hagen - 2015 - Journal of the History of Biology 48 (2):169-199.
    During the decades following World War II diverse groups of American biologists established a variety of distinctive approaches to organismal biology. Rhetorically, organismal biology could be used defensively to distinguish established research traditions from perceived threats from newly emerging fields such as molecular biology. But, organismal biologists were also interested in integrating biological disciplines and using a focus on organisms to synthesize levels of organization from molecules and cells to populations and communities. Part of this broad movement was the development (...)
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  26. Wertewandel Mitgestalten: Gut Handeln in Gesellschaft Und Wirtschaft.Brun-Hagen Hennerkes & George Augustin (eds.) - 2012 - Herder.
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  27.  8
    Kloster Einsiedeln im ottonischen Schwaben. Hagen Keller.George B. Fowler - 1969 - Speculum 44 (2):306-307.
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  28.  58
    The Attainment of Immortality: From Nāathas in India to Buddhists in Tibet. [REVIEW]Kurtis R. Schaeffer - 2002 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 30 (6):515-533.
  29.  10
    A Letter To The Editors Of The Buddhist Canon In Fourteenth-Century Tibet: The "Yig Mkhan Rnams La Gdams Pa" Of Bu Ston Rin Chen Grub.Kurtis R. Schaeffer - 2004 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 124 (2):265-281.
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  30.  15
    [Book Review] George Soros on Globalization. [REVIEW]George Soros - 2002 - Ethics and International Affairs 16 (2):143-148.
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  31.  3
    Metacognitive Therapy for Depression in Adults: A Waiting List Randomized Controlled Trial with Six Months Follow-Up.Roger Hagen, Odin Hjemdal, Stian Solem, Leif Edward Ottesen Kennair, Hans M. Nordahl, Peter Fisher & Adrian Wells - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  32.  20
    The Works of George Berkeley.J. E. C., George Berkeley & Alexander Campbell Fraser - 1902 - Philosophical Review 11:97.
  33.  34
    Music and Dance as a Coalition Signaling System.Edward H. Hagen & Gregory A. Bryant - 2003 - Human Nature 14 (1):21-51.
    Evidence suggests that humans might have neurological specializations for music processing, but a compelling adaptationist account of music and dance is lacking. The sexual selection hypothesis cannot easily account for the widespread performance of music and dance in groups (especially synchronized performances), and the social bonding hypothesis has severe theoretical difficulties. Humans are unique among the primates in their ability to form cooperative alliances between groups in the absence of consanguineal ties. We propose that this unique form of social organization (...)
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  34. The Works of George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne.George Berkeley, A. A. Luce & T. E. Jessop - 1954 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 4 (16):353-353.
     
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  35.  32
    Naturalists, Molecular Biologists, and the Challenges of Molecular Evolution.Joel B. Hagen - 1999 - Journal of the History of Biology 32 (2):321 - 341.
    Biologists and historians often present natural history and molecular biology as distinct, perhaps conflicting, fields in biological research. Such accounts, although supported by abundant evidence, overlook important areas of overlap between these areas. Focusing upon examples drawn particularly from systematics and molecular evolution, I argue that naturalists and molecular biologists often share questions, methods, and forms of explanation. Acknowledging these interdisciplinary efforts provides a more balanced account of the development of biology during the post-World War II era.
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  36.  23
    Experimentalists and Naturalists in Twentieth-Century Botany: Experimental Taxonomy, 1920-1950. [REVIEW]Joel B. Hagen - 1984 - Journal of the History of Biology 17 (2):249 - 270.
    Experimental taxonomy was a diverse area of research, and botanists who helped develop it were motivated by a variety of concerns. While experimental taxonomy was never totally a taxonomic enterprise, improvement in classification was certainly one major motivation behind the research. Hall's and Clements' belief that experimental methods added more objectivity to classification was almost universally accepted by experimental taxonomists. Such methods did add a new dimension to taxonomy — a dimension that field and herbarium studies, however rigorous, could not (...)
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  37.  42
    Editorial: Concepts of Animal Welfare.Kristin Hagen, Ruud Van den Bos & Tjard de Cock Buning - 2011 - Acta Biotheoretica 59 (2):93-103.
    Editorial: Concepts of Animal Welfare Content Type Journal Article Pages 93-103 DOI 10.1007/s10441-011-9134-0 Authors Kristin Hagen, Europäische Akademie zur Erforschung von Folgen wissenschaftlich-technischer Entwicklungen Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler GmbH, Wilhelmstr. 56, 53474 Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler, Germany Ruud Van den Bos, Behavioural Neuroscience, Animals in Science and Society, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 2, 3584 CM Utrecht, The Netherlands Tjard de Cock Buning, Department of Biology and Society (ATHENA Institute), Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije (...)
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  38.  8
    The diving reflex and asphyxia: working across species in physiological ecology.Joel B. Hagen - 2018 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (1):18.
    Beginning in the mid-1930s the comparative physiologists Laurence Irving and Per Fredrik Scholander pioneered the study of diving mammals, particularly harbor seals. Although resting on earlier work dating back to the late nineteenth century, their research was distinctive in several ways. In contrast to medically oriented physiology, the approaches of Irving and Scholander were strongly influenced by natural history, zoology, ecology, and evolutionary biology. Diving mammals, they argued, shared the cardiopulmonary physiology of terrestrial mammals, but evolution had modified these basic (...)
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  39. George Boole Selected Manuscripts on Logic and its Philosophy.George Boole, I. Grattan-Guinness & Gérard Bornet - 1997
     
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  40.  15
    Sources of Tibetan Tradition.Kurtis R. Schaeffer, Matthew T. Kapstein & Gray Tuttle (eds.) - 2013 - Columbia University Press.
    The most comprehensive collection of Tibetan works in a Western language, this volume illuminates the complex historical, intellectual, and social development of Tibetan civilization from its earliest beginnings to the modern period. Including more than 180 representative writings, Sources of Tibetan Tradition spans Tibet’s vast geography and long history, presenting for the first time a diversity of works by religious and political leaders; scholastic philosophers and contemplative hermits; monks and nuns; poets and artists; and aristocrats and commoners. The selected readings (...)
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  41.  44
    The Religious Career of Vairocanavajra – a Twelfth-Century Indian Buddhist Master From Daksina Kośala.Kurtis R. Schaeffer - 2000 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 28 (4):361-384.
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  42.  18
    Textual Scholarship, Medical Tradition, and MahāyāNa Buddhist Ideals in Tibet.Kurtis R. Schaeffer - 2003 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 31 (5/6):621-641.
  43.  76
    Conceptions of the Human Mind: Essays in Honor of George A. Miller.George A. Miller & Gilbert Harman (eds.) - 1993 - L. Erlbaum Associates.
    This volume is a direct result of a conference held at Princeton University to honor George A. Miller, an extraordinary psychologist. A distinguished panel of speakers from various disciplines -- psychology, philosophy, neuroscience and artificial intelligence -- were challenged to respond to Dr. Miller's query: "What has happened to cognition? In other words, what has the past 30 years contributed to our understanding of the mind? Do we really know anything that wasn't already clear to William James?" Each participant (...)
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  44.  41
    The Statistical Frame of Mind in Systematic Biology From Quantitative Zoology to Biometry.Joel Hagen - 2003 - Journal of the History of Biology 36 (2):353-384.
    The twentieth century witnessed a dramatic increase in the use of statistics by biologists, including systematists. The modern synthesis and new systematics stimulated this development, particularly after World War II. The rise of "the statistical frame of mind " resulted in a rethinking of the relationship between biological and mathematical points of view, the roles of objectivity and subjectivity in systematic research, the implications of new computing technologies, and the place of systematics among the biological disciplines.
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  45.  19
    The Works of George Berkeley.George Berkeley - 1901 - Continuum.
  46.  12
    Experimentalists and Naturalists in Twentieth-Century Botany: Experimental Taxonomy, 1920?1950.Joel B. Hagen - 1984 - Journal of the History of Biology 17 (2):249-270.
  47.  13
    Whale Watching on the Trading Floor: Unravelling Collusive Rogue Trading in Banks.Hagen Rafeld, Sebastian G. Fritz-Morgenthal & Peter N. Posch - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 165 (4):633-657.
    Recent history reveals a series of rogue traders, jeopardizing their employers’ assets and reputation. There have been instances of unauthorized acting in concert between traders, their supervisors and/or firms’ decision makers and executives, resulting in collusive rogue trading. We explore organizational misbehaviour theory and explain three major collusive rogue trading events at National Australia Bank, JPMorgan with its London Whale and the interest reference rate manipulation/LIBOR scandal through a descriptive model of organizational/structural, individual and group forces. Our model draws conclusions (...)
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  48.  39
    1The Introduction of Computers Into Systematic Research in the United States During the 1960s.Joel B. Hagen - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 32 (2):291-314.
  49.  4
    Bergmann’s Rule, Adaptation, and Thermoregulation in Arctic Animals: Conflicting Perspectives From Physiology, Evolutionary Biology, and Physical Anthropology After World War II.Joel Hagen - 2017 - Journal of the History of Biology 50 (2):235-265.
    Bergmann’s rule and Allen’s rule played important roles in mid-twentieth century discussions of adaptation, variation, and geographical distribution. Although inherited from the nineteenth-century natural history tradition these rules gained significance during the consolidation of the modern synthesis as evolutionary theorists focused attention on populations as units of evolution. For systematists, the rules provided a compelling rationale for identifying geographical races or subspecies, a function that was also picked up by some physical anthropologists. More generally, the rules provided strong evidence for (...)
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  50.  10
    The Letters of George Santayana.George Santayana - 2001 - MIT Press.
    bk. 1. 1868-1909 -- bk. 2. 1910-1920 -- bk. 3. 1921-1927 -- bk. 4. 1928-1932 -- bk. 5. 1933-1936 -- bk. 6. 1937-1940 -- bk. 7. 1941-1947 -- v. 8. 1948-1952.
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