Results for 'Per Bylund'

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  1. Man and Matter: How the Former Gains Ownership of the Latter.Per Bylund - 2012 - Libertarian Papers 4.
    This study seeks to investigate the nature of ownership of land, and how the right to its control and use can be inferred from self-ownership as a premise. Hence, the question asked is how ownership can be justified considering the nature of man from a natural rights point of view. The starting point for the argument is self-ownership as being, where man is identified as an indivisible entirety with inalienable rights to his self emanating from his complex nature. This identification (...)
     
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  2.  58
    Does Grammatical Aspect Affect Motion Event Cognition? A Cross-Linguistic Comparison of English and Swedish Speakers.Panos Athanasopoulos & Emanuel Bylund - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (2):286-309.
    In this article, we explore whether cross-linguistic differences in grammatical aspect encoding may give rise to differences in memory and cognition. We compared native speakers of two languages that encode aspect differently (English and Swedish) in four tasks that examined verbal descriptions of stimuli, online triads matching, and memory-based triads matching with and without verbal interference. Results showed between-group differences in verbal descriptions and in memory-based triads matching. However, no differences were found in online triads matching and in memory-based triads (...)
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  3.  12
    The Matter of Silence in Early Childhood Bilingual Education.Anna Martín-Bylund - 2018 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 50 (4):349-358.
    The relationship between silence as non-speech and bilingualism in early childhood education is intricate. This article maps this relationship with the help of diverse theoretical entrances to a video-recorded everyday episode from a bilingual preschool in Sweden. Though this, three alternative readings of silence are produced. Thinking with Deleuzian philosophy, the aim is to consider how the different readings of silence require different understandings of both time and language and allow different bilingual child subjectivities. The different readings present silence as (...)
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  4.  7
    Revisiting the Bilingual Lexical Deficit: The Impact of Age of Acquisition.Emanuel Bylund, Niclas Abrahamsson, Kenneth Hyltenstam & Gunnar Norrman - 2019 - Cognition 182:45-49.
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  5. Reactive Attitudes and Personal Relationships.Per-Erik Milam - 2016 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 46 (1):102-122.
    Abolitionism is the view that if no one is responsible, we ought to abandon the reactive attitudes. This paper defends abolitionism against the claim, made by P.F. Strawson and others, that abandoning these attitudes precludes the formation and maintenance of valuable personal relationships. These anti-abolitionists claim that one who abandons the reactive attitudes is unable to take personally others’ attitudes and actions regarding her, and that taking personally is necessary for certain valuable relationships. I dispute both claims and argue that (...)
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  6.  96
    Reasons to Forgive.Per-Erik Milam - 2019 - Analysis 79 (2):242-251.
    When we forgive, we do so for reasons. One challenge for forgiveness theorists is to explain which reasons are reasons to forgive and which are not. This paper argues that we forgive in response to a perceived change of heart on the part of the offender. The argument proceeds in four steps. First, I show that we forgive for reasons. Second, I argue that forgiveness requires the right kind of reason. Third, I show that these two points explain a common (...)
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  7. Commenting Gordon and Bylund.Walter Block - 2008 - Etica E Politica 10 (2):248-252.
     
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  8. On Extensions of Elementary Logic.Per Lindström - 1969 - Theoria 35 (1):1-11.
  9.  58
    First order predicate logic with generalized quantifiers.Per Lindström - 1966 - Theoria 32 (3):186--195.
  10.  21
    The Ethics of Care: Role Obligations and Moderate Partiality in Health Care.Per Nortvedt, Marit Helene Hem & Helge Skirbekk - 2011 - Nursing Ethics 18 (2):192-200.
    This article contends that an ethics of care has a particular moral ontology that makes it suitable to argue for the normative significance of relational responsibilities within professional health care. This ontology is relational. It means that moral choices always have to account for the web of relationships, the relational networks and responsibilities that are an essential part of particular moral circumstances. Given this ontology, the article investigates the conditions for health care professionals to be partial and to act on (...)
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  11.  3
    Editorial: Open Issue.Johan Forsell, Anna Martin-Bylund, Lina Lina Rahm, Sara Vestergren & Simon Wessbo - 2017 - Confero: Essays on Education, Philosophy and Politics 5 (1):5-10.
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  12.  49
    In Defense of Non-Reactive Attitudes.Per-Erik Milam - 2017 - Philosophical Explorations 20 (3):294-307.
    Abolitionism is the view that if no one is responsible, then we ought to abandon the reactive attitudes. Proponents suggest that reactive attitudes can be replaced in our emotional repertoire by non-reactive analogues. In this paper, I dispute and reject a common challenge to abolitionism according to which the reactive attitudes are necessary for protesting unfairness and maintaining social harmony. While other abolitionists dispute the empirical basis of this objection, I focus on its implications. I argue that even if non-reactive (...)
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  13. How is Self-Forgiveness Possible?Per-Erik Milam - 2017 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 98 (1).
    The idea of self-forgiveness poses a serious challenge to any philosopher interested in giving a general account of forgiveness. On the one hand, it is an uncontroversial part of our common psychological and moral discourse. On the other, any account of self-forgiveness is inconsistent with any general account of forgiveness which implies that only the victim of an offense can forgive. To avoid this conclusion, one must either challenge the particular claims that preclude self-forgiveness or offer an independently plausible account (...)
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  14. Doing Visual Analysis: From Theory to Practice.Per Ledin & David Machin - 2018
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  15.  52
    Subjectivity and Vulnerability: Reflections on the Foundation of Ethical Sensibility.Per Nortvedt - 2003 - Nursing Philosophy 4 (3):222-230.
    This paper investigates the possibility of understanding the rudimentary elements of clinical sensitivity by investigating the works of Edmund Husserl and Emmanuel Levinas on sensibility. Husserl's theory of intentionality offers significant reflections on the role of pre-reflective and affective intuition as a condition for intentionality and reflective consciousness. These early works of Husserl, in particular his works on the constitution of phenomenological time and subjective time-consciousness, prove to be an important basis for Levinas’ works on an ethics of alterity and (...)
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  16.  37
    On Model-Completeness.Per Lindström - 1964 - Theoria 30 (3):183-196.
  17.  41
    Health Promotion and Disease Prevention: Logically Different Conceptions? [REVIEW]Per-Anders Tengland - 2010 - Health Care Analysis 18 (4):323-341.
    The terms “health promotion” and “disease prevention” refer to professional activities. But a “health promoter” has also come to denote a profession, with an alternative agenda compared to that of traditional public health work, work that by some is seen to be too medically oriented, too reliant upon prevention, risk-elimination and health-care. But is there really a sharp distinction between these activities and professions? The main aim of the paper is to investigate if these concepts are logically different, or if (...)
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  18. Il Concetto Moderno Della Storia :Discorso Per l'Inaugurazione Dell' Istituto Italiano Per Gli Studi Storici, Seguito da Altri Scritti Attinenti All 'Argomento'.Benedetto Croce & Istituto Italiano Per Gli Studi Storici - 1947 - G. Laterza & Figli.
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  19.  12
    Venkatapuram's Capability Theory of Health: A Critical Discussion.Per-Anders Tengland - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (1):8-18.
    The discussion about theories of health has recently had an important new input through the work of Sridhar Venkatapuram. He proposes a combination of Lennart Nordenfelt's holistic theory of health and Martha Nussbaum's version of the capability approach. The aim of the present article is to discuss and evaluate this proposal. The article starts with a discussion of Nordenfelt's theory and evaluates Venkatapuram’ critique of it, that is, of its relativism, both regarding goals and environment, and of the subjectivist theory (...)
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  20.  30
    Empowerment: A Goal or a Means for Health Promotion? [REVIEW]Per-Anders Tengland - 2006 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (2):197-207.
    Empowerment is a concept that has been much used and discussed for a number of years. However, it is not always explicitly clarified what its central meaning is. The present paper intends to clarify what empowerment means, and relate it to the goals of health promotion. The paper starts with the claim that health-related quality of life is the ultimate general goal for health promotion, and continues by briefly presenting definitions of some central concepts: “welfare” “health” and “quality of life”. (...)
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  21.  62
    Empowerment: A Conceptual Discussion.Per-Anders Tengland - 2008 - Health Care Analysis 16 (2):77-96.
    The concept of ‘empowerment’ is used frequently in a number of professional areas, from psychotherapy to social work. But even if the same term is used, it is not always clear if the concept denotes the same goals or the same practice in these various fields. The purpose of this paper is to clarify the discussion and to find a plausible and useful definition of the concept that is suitable for work in various professions. Several suggestions are discussed in the (...)
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  22.  45
    Needs, Closeness and Responsibilities. An Inquiry Into Some Rival Moral Considerations in Nursing Care.Per Nortvedt - 2001 - Nursing Philosophy 2 (2):112–121.
  23. A Defence of the Asymmetry in Population Ethics.Per Algander - 2012 - Res Publica 18 (2):145-157.
    A common intuition is that there is a moral difference between ‘making people happy’ and ‘making happy people.’ This intuition, often referred to as ‘the Asymmetry,’ has, however, been criticized on the grounds that it is incoherent. Why is there, for instance, not a corresponding difference between ‘making people unhappy’ and ‘making unhappy people’? I argue that the intuition faces several difficulties but that these can be met by introducing a certain kind of reason that is favouring but non-requiring. It (...)
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  24.  33
    Is the Precautionary Principle a Midlevel Principle?Per Sandin & Martin Peterson - 2019 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 22 (1):34-48.
    ABSTRACTIn this article, we defend two claims about the precautionary principle. The first is that there is no ‘core’ precautionary principle that unifies all its different versions. It is more plausible to think of the different versions as being related to each other by way of family resemblances. So although precautionary principle x may have much in common with precautionary principle y, and y with z, there is no set of necessary and sufficient conditions that unify all versions of the (...)
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  25.  93
    A Two-Dimensional Theory of Health.Per-Anders Tengland - 2007 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (4):257-284.
    The starting point for the contemporary debate about theories of health should be the holistic theory of Lennart Nordenfelt, claims George Khushf, not the refuted theory of Christopher Boorse. The present paper is an attempt to challenge Nordenfelt and to present an alternative theory to his and other theories, including Boorse’s. The main problems with Nordenfelt’s theory are that it is relativistic, that it leads to counter-intuitive results as to what goals can count as healthy, that it focuses on the (...)
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  26.  63
    Against Elective Forgiveness.Per-Erik Milam - 2018 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (3):569-584.
    It is often claimed both that forgiveness is elective and that forgiveness is something that we do for reasons. However, there is a tension between these two central claims about the nature of forgiveness. If forgiving is something one does for reasons, then, at least sometimes, those reasons may generate a requirement to forgive or withhold forgiveness. While not strictly inconsistent with electivity, the idea of required forgiveness strikes some as antithetical to the spirit of the concept. They argue that (...)
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  27.  19
    Per Se Modality and Natural Implication – an Account of Connexive Logic in Robert Kilwardby.Spencer Johnston - 2019 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 28 (3):449.
  28.  74
    Provability Logic-a Short Introduction.Per Lindström - 1996 - Theoria 62 (1-2):19-61.
  29. Has Psychology Debunked Conceptual Analysis?Per Sandin - 2006 - Metaphilosophy 37 (1):26–33.
    The philosophical method of conceptual analysis has been criticised on the grounds that empirical psychological research has cast severe doubt on whether concepts exist in the form traditionally assumed, and that conceptual analysis therefore is doomed. This objection may be termed the Charge from Psychology. After a brief characterisation of conceptual analysis, I discuss the Charge from Psychology and argue that it is misdirected.
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  30.  5
    Creating Falseness-How to Establish Statistical Evidence of the Untrue.Per Lytsy - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (5):923-927.
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  31.  6
    A Context-Based Theory of Recency and Contiguity in Free Recall.Per B. Sederberg, Marc W. Howard & Michael J. Kahana - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (4):893-912.
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  32.  39
    On Characterizability in Lω1ω0.Per Lindström - 1966 - Theoria 32 (3):165-171.
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  33.  10
    When Self-Consciousness Breaks: Alien Voices and Inserted Thoughts.Christian Perring, G. Lynn Stephens & George Graham - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (4):623.
    Stephens and Grahamset themselves an apparently modest task, to understand why people who experience alien voices and inserted thoughts do not believe that they themselves are the source of these experiences. However, it soon becomes clear that there are many connected issues here. In eight short chapters, they address the phenomenology and ontology of consciousness, the phenomenology of alien voices, inserted thoughts, obsessive-compulsive thoughts and feelings, and other cases of unusual experience often associated with psychopathology, including brief discussion of multiple (...)
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  34.  9
    Learning as Discourse Change: A Sociocultural Mechanism.Per‐Olof Wickman & Leif Östman - 2002 - Science Education 86 (5):601-623.
  35. Aspects of Incompleteness.Per Lindström - 1999 - Studia Logica 63 (3):438-439.
     
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  36.  8
    The Practical Epistemologies of the Classroom: A Study of Laboratory Work.Per‐Olof Wickman - 2004 - Science Education 88 (3):325-344.
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  37.  17
    Doing Critical Discourse Studies with Multimodality: From Metafunctions to Materiality.Per Ledin & David Machin - 2018 - Critical Discourse Studies 16 (5):497-513.
    ABSTRACTIn Critical Discourse Studies and in other linguistics oriented scholarly journals we now see more research which draws upon multimodality as part of carrying out analyses of how text...
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  38.  44
    The Goals of Health Work: Quality of Life, Health and Welfare. [REVIEW]Per-Anders Tengland - 2005 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (2):155-167.
    Health-related quality of life is the ultimate general goal for medicine, health care and public health, including health promotion and health education. The other important general goal is health-related welfare. The aim of the paper is to explain what this means and what the consequences of these assumptions are for health work. This involves defining the central terms “health”, “quality of life” and “welfare” and showing what their conceptual relations are. Health-related quality of life has two central meanings: health-related well-being, (...)
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  39.  12
    Ludvig A. Colding and the Conservation of Energy.Per F. Dahl - 1963 - Centaurus 8 (1):174-188.
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  40.  48
    Health Promotion or Disease Prevention: A Real Difference for Public Health Practice? [REVIEW]Per-Anders Tengland - 2010 - Health Care Analysis 18 (3):203-221.
    It appears that there are two distinct practices within public health, namely health promotion and disease prevention, leading to different goals. But does the distinction hold? Can we promote health without preventing disease, and vice versa? The aim of the paper is to answer these questions. First, the central concepts are defined and the logical relations between them are spelt out. A preliminary conclusion is that there is a logical difference between health and disease, which makes health promotion and disease (...)
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  41.  56
    "Per aurem intrat Christus in Mariam". Aproximación iconográfica a la "conceptio per aurem" en la pintura italiana del Trecento desde fuentes patrísticas y teológicas.José María Salvador González - 2015 - 'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de Las Religiones 20:193-230.
    La tesis mariológica de la conceptio per aurem, según la cual la Virgen María habría concebido a Jesucristo por el oído en el momento de escuchar del ángel el mensaje celestial anunciándole que, sin perder su virginidad, sería madre del Hijo de Dios encarnado, ha merecido hasta ahora muy pocos estudios académicos rigurosamente fundados en fuentes primarias. De hecho, en la literatura especializada son muy escasas las referencias a tal teoría y, cuando algún estudioso la evoca, casi siempre se contenta (...)
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  42.  14
    Chemical Reaction Automata.Per Bro - 1997 - Complexity 2 (3):38-44.
  43.  32
    Cognoscere Per Impressionem: Aquinas and the Avicennian Account of Knowing Separate Substances.Deborah Black - 2014 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 88 (2):213-236.
    There are surprisingly few texts in which Avicenna discusses our knowledge of separate substances. The most extensive account occurs in Metaphysics 3.8, a text which was cited by Aquinas in a small number of works from relatively early in his academic career. Aquinas’s attitude to Avicenna’s account, which he dubbed knowledge per impressionem, is by no means uniform, even within a single work. Sometimes Avicenna is an adversary; sometimes he is an ally; still other times he is an innocent bystander. (...)
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  44.  57
    The Precautionary Principle and the Concept of Precaution.Per Sandin - 2004 - Environmental Values 13 (4):461 - 475.
    The precautionary principle is frequently invoked in environmental law and policy, and the debate around the principle indicates that there is little agreement on what 'taking precautions' means. The purpose of the present paper is to provide an improved conceptual foundation for this debate in the form of an explication of the concept of precaution. Distinctions between precaution and two related concepts, prevention and pessimism, are briefly discussed. The concept of precaution is analysed in terms of precautionary actions. It is (...)
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  45.  42
    Aristotle on Per Se Accidents.Breno A. Zuppolini - 2018 - Ancient Philosophy 38 (1):113-135.
  46. Common-Sense Precaution and Varieties of the Precautionary Principle.Per Sandin - 2007 - In Tim Lewens (ed.), Risk: Philosophical Perspectives. Routledge.
     
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  47.  26
    Prior’s Paradigm for the Study of Time and its Methodological Motivation.Per Hasle & Peter Øhrstrøm - 2016 - Synthese 193 (11):3401-3416.
    A. N. Prior’s writings should obviously be studied already for historical reasons. His inventions of modern temporal logic and hybrid logic are clearly important events in the history of logic. But the enduring importance of studying his works also rests on his methodological approach, which remains highly relevant also for systematical reasons. In this paper we argue that Prior’s formulation in the 1950s of a tense-logical paradigm for the study of time should be understood in the light of at least (...)
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  48.  74
    Technological Know-How From Rules of Thumb.Per Norström - 2011 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 15 (2):96-109.
    Rules of thumb are simple instructions, used to guide actions toward a specific result, without need of advanced knowledge. Knowing adequate rules of thumb is a common form of technological knowledge. It differs both from science-based and intuitive (or tacit) technological knowledge, although it may have its origin in experience, scientific knowledge, trial and error, or a combination thereof. One of the major advantages of rules of thumb is the ease with which they can be learned. One of their major (...)
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  49.  75
    The Problem of Predestination: As a Prelude to A. N. Prior’s Tense Logic. [REVIEW]Per F. V. Hasle - 2012 - Synthese 188 (3):331-347.
    Arthur Norman Prior's early theological writings have been relatively neglected for many years. Moreover, to the extent that they have been discussed at all they have been treated mainly as youthful work quite separate from Prior's later work as a philosopher and logician. However, as interest in Prior's achievements has been growing significantly in recent years it has become more important to investigate the development with his overall work. In fact, Prior's putatively "youthful" theological work overlapped his work as a (...)
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  50.  98
    Endurance Per Se in B-Time.Tobias Hansson Wahlberg - 2009 - Metaphysica 10 (2):175-183.
    Three arguments for the conclusion that objects cannot endure in B-time even if they remain intrinsically unchanged are examined: Carter and Hestevolds enduring-objects-as-universals argument (American Philosophical Quarterly 31(4):269-283, 1994) and Barker and Dowe's paradox 1 and paradox 2 (Analysis 63(2):106-114, 2003, Analysis 65(1):69-74, 2005). All three are shown to fail.
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