Results for 'S. Yue'

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  1. An Evaluation of Current Perspectives on Consciousness and Pain in Fishes.K. P. Chandroo, S. Yue & R. D. Moccia - 2004 - Fish and Fisheries 5:281-95.
  2.  4
    Gradual Growth Versus Shape Invariance in Perceptual Decision Making.Jeffrey N. Rouder, Yu Yue, Paul L. Speckman, Michael S. Pratte & Jordan M. Province - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (4):1267-1274.
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  3.  12
    Mega Screens for Mega Cities.N. Papastergiadis, S. McQuire, X. Gu, A. Barikin, R. Gibson, A. Yue, S. Jung, C. Cmielewski, S. Y. Roh & M. Jones - 2013 - Theory, Culture and Society 30 (7-8):325-341.
    This article considers how networked large urban screens can act as a platform for the creation of an experimental transnational public sphere. It takes as a case (...)
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    Pan Yue'sStudy of a Widowand Its Predecessors.Nicholas Morrow Williams - 2012 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 132 (3):347.
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  5. Yi Zhi Yu Chao Yue: Shubenhua Mei Xue Si Xiang Yan Jiu = Beyong the Will: A Study of Schopenhauer's Philosophy and Aesthetics.Huimin Jin - 1999 - Zhongguo She Hui Ke Xue Chu Ban She.
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    Zhou, Zhang-Yue: Developing Successful Agriculture: An Australian Case Study.Brad W. Gilmour - 2015 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 28 (1):197-201.
    If you are interested in accountability and transparency in public decision-making, this book is for you. If you are interested in ways and means of avoiding (...)capture by vested interests when making public policy, this book is for you. If you are interested in a sustainable and efficient agri-food system which meets the needs of consumers, producers and society, this book is for you.Agriculture remains an important industry in many economies. It is also a key sector with an important role to play in determining nations’, societiesand householdsnutritional and environmental performance and outcomes. Unfortunately, the agri-food sector in many countries suffers from excessive and poorly focused levels and types of intervention, constrained growth, and unsustainable practices.In his book, Developing Successful Agriculture, Professor Zhang-Yue Zhou provides us with a comprehensive and compelling account of how Australias agri-food sector has become so successful even though it receive .. (shrink)
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  7.  1
    Sensing the Wind: The Timely Music of Natures Memory.Meilin Chinn - 2013 - Environmental Philosophy 10 (1):25-37.
    According to the Zhuangzi, listening to the music of nature draws the self into the silence required to experience things in their self-arising spontaneity. How does (...)this happen? This essay answers by way of the Yue Ji, where it is said that great music embodies the timeliness of nature. Using both texts, I develop timeliness as the opportune moment, temporal natality, and natures memory. Listening to the timely music of nature is shown to be an act of ecological perception that, by releasing time in favor of timeliness, reveals our aesthetic accordance with natures own becoming. (shrink)
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  8. The Philosophy of World Integration : Wu Kuang-Ming's Philosophizing for Today and Tomorrow.Chang Chung-Yue - 2008 - In Jay Goulding (ed.), China-West Interculture: Toward the Philosophy of World Integration: Essays on Wu Kuang-Ming's Thinking. Global Scholarly Publications.
     
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  9.  12
    You CanT Change Your Basic Ability, but You Work at Things, and Thats How We Get Hard Things Done: Testing the Role of Growth Mindset on Response to Setbacks, Educational Attainment, and Cognitive Ability.Yue Li & Timothy C. Bates - 2019 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 148 (9):1640-1655.
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  10.  11
    Exploring Contrarian Degree in the Trading Behavior of China's Stock Market.Yue Chen, Xiaojian Niu & Yan Zhang - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-12.
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  11.  12
    The Role of Social Eye-Gaze in Childrens and AdultsOwnership Attributions to Robotic Agents in Three Cultures.Patricia Kanngiesser, Shoji Itakura, Yue Zhou, Takayuki Kanda, Hiroshi Ishiguro & Bruce Hood - 2015 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 16 (1):1-28.
    Young children often treat robots as social agents after they have witnessed interactions that can be interpreted as social. We studied in three experiments whether four-year-olds (...) from three cultures and adults from two cultures will attribute ownership of objects to a robot that engages in social gaze with a human. Participants watched videos of robot-human interactions, in which objects were possessed or new objects were created. Children and adults applied the same ownership rules to humans and robotsirrespective of whether the robot engaged in social gaze or not. However, there was cultural variation in the types of ownership rules used. In Experiment 3, we removed further social cues, finding that just showing a pair of self-propelled robot-arms elicited ownership attributions. The role of social gaze in social attributions to robots and cross-cultural differences in ownership understanding are discussed. (shrink)
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  12.  20
    The Temporal Dynamics of Perceiving Others Painful Actions.Fang Cui, Ruolei Gu, Xiangru Zhu & Yue-jia Luo - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  13.  31
    Li Yu's Theory of Drama: A Moderate Moralism.Peng Feng - 2016 - Philosophy East and West 66 (1):73-91.
    Chinese drama was developed in the thirteenth century, but its roots can be traced back to music, one of the six arts, the main subjects in the (...)
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  14.  8
    Weija Hu. Selected Materials on the Science and Technology in the People's Republic of China . 381 Pp., Bibl., Index. Jinan: Shandong Jiao Yu Chu Ban She [Shandong Education Press], 2006. Π¯120[REVIEW]Yue Meng - 2008 - Isis 99 (4):872-873.
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  15.  36
    Σ2 Induction and Infinite Injury Priority Argument, Part I: Maximal Sets and the Jump Operator.C. T. Chong & Yue Yang - 1998 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 63 (3):797 - 814.
    Related Works: Part II: C. T. Chong, Yue Yang. $\Sigma_2$ Induction and Infinite Injury Priority Argument, Part II: Tame $\Sigma_2$ Coding and the Jump Operator. Ann. Pure (...)
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  16. Fitch's Paradox and Level-Bridging Principles.Weng Kin San - forthcoming - Journal of Philosophy.
    Fitchs Paradox shows that if every truth is knowable, then every truth is known. Standard diagnoses identify the factivity/negative infallibility of the knowledge operator and Moorean (...) contradictions as the root source of the result. This paper generalises Fitchs result to show that such diagnoses are mistaken. In place of factivity/negative infallibility, the weaker assumption of anylevel-bridging principlesuffices. A consequence is that the result holds for some logics in which theMoorean contradictioncommonly thought to underlie the result is in fact consistent. This generalised result improves on the current understanding of Fitchs result and widens the range of modalities of philosophical interest to which the result might be fruitfully applied. Along the way, we also consider a semantic explanation for Fitchs result which answers a challenge raised by Kvanvig (2006). (shrink)
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  17. Salvaging Pascals Wager.Elizabeth Jackson & Andrew Rogers - 2019 - Philosophia Christi 21 (1):59-84.
    Many think that Pascals Wager is a hopeless failure. A primary reason for this is because a number of challenging objections have been raised to the (...)wager, including themany godsobjection and themixed strategyobjection. We argue that both objections are formal, but not substantive, problems for the wager, and that they both fail for the same reason. We then respond to additional objections to the wager. We show how a version of Pascalian reasoning succeeds, giving us a reason to pay special attention to the infinite consequences of our actions. (shrink)
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  18. Prisoner's Dilemma Doesn'T Explain Much.Robert Northcott & Anna Alexandrova - 2015 - In Martin Peterson (ed.), The Prisoner’s Dilemma. Classic philosophical arguments. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 64-84.
    We make the case that the Prisoners Dilemma, notwithstanding its fame and the quantity of intellectual resources devoted to it, has largely failed to explain any (...)phenomena of social scientific or biological interest. In the heart of the paper we examine in detail a famous purported example of Prisoners Dilemma empirical success, namely Axelrods analysis of WWI trench warfare, and argue that this success is greatly overstated. Further, we explain why this negative verdict is likely true generally and not just in our case study. We also address some possible defenses of the Prisoners Dilemma. (shrink)
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  19. Kant on Moral Agency and Women's Nature.Mari Mikkola - 2011 - Kantian Review 16 (1):89-111.
    Some commentators have condemned Kants moral project from a feminist perspective based on Kants apparently dim view of women as being innately morally deficient. Here I (...) will argue that although his remarks concerning women are unsettling at first glance, a more detailed and closer examination shows that Kants view of women is actually far more complex and less unsettling than that attributed to him by various feminist critics. My argument, then, undercuts the justification for the severe feminist critique of Kants moral project. (shrink)
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  20.  52
    Beyond the Instinct-Inference Dichotomy: A Unified Interpretation of Peirce's Theory of Abduction.Mousa Mohammadian - 2019 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 55 (2):138-160.
    I examine and resolve an exegetical dichotomy between two main interpretations of Peirces theory of abduction, namely, the Generative Interpretation and the Pursuitworthiness Interpretation. According to (...)the former, abduction is the instinctive process of generating explanatory hypotheses through a mental faculty called insight. According to the latter, abduction is a rule-governed procedure for determining the relative pursuitworthiness of available hypotheses and adopting the worthiest one for further investigationsuch as empirical testsbased on economic considerations. It is shown that the Generative Interpretation is inconsistent with a fundamental fact of logic for Peircei.e., abduction is a kind of inferenceand the Pursuitworthiness Interpretation is flawed and inconsistent with Peirces naturalistic explanation for the possibility of science and his view about the limitations of classical scientific method. Changing the exegetical locus classicus from the logical form of abduction to insight and economy of research, I argue for the Unified Interpretation according to which abduction includes both instinctive hypotheses-generation and rule-governed hypotheses-ranking. I show that the Unified Interpretation is immune to the objections raised successfully against the Generative and the Pursuitworthiness interpretations. (shrink)
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  21. Currys Paradox and Ω -Inconsistency.Andrew Bacon - 2013 - Studia Logica 101 (1):1-9.
    In recent years there has been a revitalised interest in non-classical solutions to the semantic paradoxes. In this paper I show that a number of logics (...)are susceptible to a strengthened version of Curry's paradox. This can be adapted to provide a proof theoretic analysis of the omega-inconsistency in Lukasiewicz's continuum valued logic, allowing us to better evaluate which logics are suitable for a naïve truth theory. On this basis I identify two natural subsystems of Lukasiewicz logic which individually, but not jointly, lack the problematic feature. (shrink)
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  22.  85
    Females in Aristotles Embryology.Jessica Gelber - 2017 - In Andrea Falcon and David Lefebvre (ed.), Aristotle’s Generation of Animals: A Critical Guide. pp. 171-187.
    How does Aristotle view the production of females? The prevailing view is that Aristotle thinks female births are teleological failures of a process aiming to produce males. (...)
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  23. The Good, the Bad, and the Badass: On the Descriptive Adequacy of Kant's Conception of Moral Evil.Mark Timmons - 2017 - In Significance and System: Essays on Kant's Ethics. New York, USA: pp. 293-330.
    This chapter argues for an interpretation of Kant's psychology of moral evil that accommodates the so-called excluded middle cases and allows for variations in the magnitude (...) of evil. The strategy involves distinguishing Kant's transcendental psychology from his empirical psychology and arguing that Kant's character rigorism is restricted to the transcendental level. The chapter also explains how Kant's theory of moral evil accommodates 'the badass'; someone who does evil for evil's sake. (shrink)
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  24.  74
    Pascals Wager and the Origins of Decision Theory: Decision-Making by Real Decision-Makers.James Franklin - 2018 - In Paul Bartha & Lawrence Pasternack (eds.), Pascal's Wager. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 27-44.
    Pascals Wager does not exist in a Platonic world of possible gods, abstract probabilities and arbitrary payoffs. Real decision-makers, such as Pascalsman of the (...)
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  25.  31
    Perpetuation of Retracted Publications Using the Example of the Scott S. Reuben Case: Incidences, Reasons and Possible Improvements.Helmar Bornemann-Cimenti, Istvan S. Szilagyi & Andreas Sandner-Kiesling - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (4):1063-1072.
    In 2009, Scott S. Reuben was convicted of fabricating data, which lead to 25 of his publications being retracted. Although it is clear that the perpetuation of (...)
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  26. Simpson's Paradox and Causality.Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay, Mark Greenwood, Don Dcruz & Venkata Raghavan - 2015 - American Philosophical Quarterly 52 (1):13-25.
    There are three questions associated with Simpsons Paradox (SP): (i) Why is SP paradoxical? (ii) What conditions generate SP?, and (iii) What should be done about (...)SP? By developing a logic-based account of SP, it is argued that (i) and (ii) must be divorced from (iii). This account shows that (i) and (ii) have nothing to do with causality, which plays a role only in addressing (iii). A counterexample is also presented against the causal account. Finally, the causal and logic-based approaches are compared by means of an experiment to show that SP is not basically causal. (shrink)
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  27.  78
    What Is the Validity Domain of Einsteins Equations? Distributional Solutions Over Singularities and Topological Links in Geometrodynamics.Elias Zafiris - 2016 - 100 Years of Chronogeometrodynamics: The Status of the Einstein's Theory of Gravitation in Its Centennial Year.
    The existence of singularities alerts that one of the highest priorities of a centennial perspective on general relativity should be a careful re-thinking of the validity (...)domain of Einsteins field equations. We address the problem of constructing distinguishable extensions of the smooth spacetime manifold model, which can incorporate singularities, while retaining the form of the field equations. The sheaf-theoretic formulation of this problem is tantamount to extending the algebra sheaf of smooth functions to a distribution-like algebra sheaf in which the former may be embedded, satisfying the pertinent cohomological conditions required for the coordinatization of all of the tensorial physical quantities, such that the form of the field equations is preserved. We present in detail the construction of these distribution-like algebra sheaves in terms of residue classes of sequences of smooth functions modulo the information of singular loci encoded in suitable ideals. Finally, we consider the application of these distribution-like solution sheaves in geometrodynamics by modeling topologically-circular boundaries of singular loci in three-dimensional space in terms of topological links. It turns out that the Borromean link represents higher order wormhole solutions. (shrink)
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  28. Kant's Theory of Motivation: A Hybrid Approach.Benjamin S. Yost - 2017 - Review of Metaphysics 71 (2):293-319.
    To vindicate morality against skeptical doubts, Kant must show that agents can be moved to act independently of their sensible desires. Kant must therefore answer a motivational (...)
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  29. An Automatic Ockhams Razor for Bayesians?Gordon Belot - 2018 - Erkenntnis 84 (6):1361-1367.
    It is sometimes claimed that the Bayesian framework automatically implements Ockhams razorthat conditionalizing on data consistent with both a simple theory and a complex theory more (...) or less inevitably favours the simpler theory. It is shown here that the automatic razor doesnt in fact cut it for certain mundane curve-fitting problems. (shrink)
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  30.  17
    Review of Ulrich Baltzer, "Erkenntnis Als Relationengeflecht: Kategorien Bei Charles S. Peirce". [REVIEW]H. G. Callaway - 1995 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 31 (2):445.
    This book arose from the authors recent dissertation written under the Gerhard Schonrich at Munich. It focuses on Peirces theory of categories and his epistemology. According (...) to Baltzer, what is distinctive in Peirces theory of knowledge is that he reconstrues objects asknots in networks of relations.” The phrase may ring a bell. It suggests a structuralist interpretation of Peirce, influenced by the Munich environs. The study aims to shows how Peirces theory of categories supports his theory of knowledge and howquestion concerning a priori structures of knowledgeare transformed within this relational framework. A chief critical target is David Savans semiotics, specifically the idea thatthe multiplicity of development of the categoriesisconditioned by nothing but the indefiniteness of the categories.”1 But in contrast with this, if there is any indefiniteness in the categories, they cannot fully direct their own application, and this is to say regarding themthat our knowledge is never absolute but always swims, as it were, in a continuum...”2 If the doctrine of continuity applies to the categories, they also have a continuum to swim in. (shrink)
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  31.  31
    Charles Peirce's Pragmatic Pluralism.Sandra B. Rosenthal - 1994 - State University of New York Press.
    This work runs counter to the traditional interpretations of Peirce's philosophy by eliciting an inherent strand of pragmatic pluralism that is embedded in the very core (...) of his thought and that weaves his various doctrines into a systematic ... (shrink)
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  32. Rethinking Platos Forms.Necip Fikri Alican & Holger Thesleff - 2013 - Arctos: Acta Philologica Fennica 47:11–47.
    This is a proposal for rethinking the main lines of Platos philosophy, including some of the conceptual tools he uses for building and maintaining it. Drawing (...)on a new interpretive paradigm for Platos overall vision, the central focus is on the so-called Forms. Regarding the guiding paradigm, we propose replacing the dualism of a world of Forms separated from a world of particulars, with the monistic model of a hierarchically structured universe comprising interdependent levels of reality. Regarding the tools of the trade, we distinguish between three constructs that have come, one and all, and largely indiscriminately, to be regarded as Forms: Ideal Forms, Conceptual Forms, and Relational Forms. This recalibration of what we know of Platos outlook, tools, and methods, together with a realignment of these with his general aims, will also help restore the philosophers emphasis on that which is good, a perspective often blurred in the structure of two worlds. (shrink)
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  33. C. S. Peirce and the Hispanic Philosophy of the Twentieth Century.Jaime Nubiola - 1998 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 24 (1):31-49.
    A surprising fact in the historiography of the Hispanic philosophy of this century is its almost total opacity towards the American philosophy, in spite of the real (...)
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  34.  38
    Biosemiotics and the Foundation of Cybersemiotics: Reconceptualizing the Insights of Ethology, Second-Order Cybernetics, and Peirces Semiotics in Biosemiotics to Create a Non-Cartesian Information Science.Søren Brier - 1999 - Semiotica 127 (1-4):169-198.
    Any great new theoretical framework has an epistemological and an ontological aspect to its philosophy as well as an axiological one, and one needs to understand all (...)
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  35. Peirce's Final Account of Signs and the Philosophy of Language.Albert Atkin - 2008 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 44 (1):pp. 63-85.
    In this paper I examine parallels between C.S. Peirce's most mature account of signs and contemporary philosophy of language. I do this by first introducing a (...) summary of Peirce's final account of Signs. I then use that account of signs to reconstruct Peircian answers to two puzzles of reference: The Problem of Cognitive Significance, or Frege's Puzzle; and The Same-Saying Phenomenon for Indexicals. Finally, a comparison of these Peircian answers with both Fregean and Direct Referentialist approaches to the puzzles highlights interesting parallels and important differences between Peirce's final account of signs, and the concepts used in analytic philosophy of language. (shrink)
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  36.  82
    Lessons of Bell's Theorem: Nonlocality, Yes; Action at a Distance, Not Necessarily.Wayne C. Myrvold - 2016 - In Shan Gao Mary Bell (ed.), Quantum Nonlocality and Reality: 50 Years of Bell's Theorem. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 238-260.
    Fifty years after the publication of Bell's theorem, there remains some controversy regarding what the theorem is telling us about quantum mechanics, and what the experimental (...)violations of Bell inequalities are telling us about the world. This chapter represents my best attempt to be clear about what I think the lessons are. In brief: there is some sort of nonlocality inherent in any quantum theory, and, moreover, in any theory that reproduces, even approximately, the quantum probabilities for the outcomes of experiments. But not all forms of nonlocality are the same; there is a distinction to be made between action at a distance and other forms of nonlocality, and I will argue that the nonlocality required to violate the Bell inequalities need not involve action at a distance. Furthermore, the distinction between forms of nonlocality makes a difference when it comes to compatibility with relativistic causal structure. (shrink)
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  37. Zeno's Metrical Paradox of Extension and Descartes' Mind-Body Problem.Rafael Ferber - 2010 - In Stefania Giombini E. Flavia Marcacci (ed.), Estratto da/Excerpt from: Il quinto secolo. Studi di loso a antica in onore di Livio Rossetti a c. di Stefania Giombini e Flavia Marcacci. Aguaplano—Of cina del libro, Passignano s.T. 2010, pp. 295-310 [isbn/ean: 978-88-904213-4-1]. pp. 205-310.
    The article uses Zenos metrical paradox of extension, or Zenos fundamental paradox, as a thought-model for the mind-body problem. With the help of this (...)model, the distinction contained between mental and physical phenomena can be formulated as sharply as possible. I formulate Zenos fundamental paradox and give a sketch of four different solutions to it. Then I construct a mind-body paradox corresponding to the fundamental paradox. Through that, it becomes possible to copy the solutions to the fundamental paradox on the mind-body paradox. Three of them fail. But one of themthe Aristotelian onegives us an interesting hint. Finally, this hint is pursued somewhat further and through comparison with Zenos fundamental paradox, the impossibility of a solution to the mind-body problem is shown again. The main new point of this article is the comparison of the mind-body problem with Zenos fundamental paradox. The article is a revised english version of an article published in: Allgemeine Zeitschrift für Philosophie, 23, 1998, p. 61-75. (shrink)
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  38. Motive and Rightness in Kant's Ethical System.Mark Timmons - 2002 - In Kant's Metaphysics of Morals: Interpretative Essays. Oxford University Press.
    Some contemporary intepreters of Kant maintain that on Kant's view fulfilling duties of virtue require doing so from the motive of duty. I argue that there (...)are interpretive and doctinal reasons for rejecting this interpretation. However, I argue that for Kant motives can be deontically relevant; one's motives can affect the deontic status of actions. (shrink)
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  39. Wittgensteins Method: The Third Phase of Its Development (193336).Nikolay Milkov - 2012 - In Marques Antonio (ed.), Knowledge, Language and Mind: Wittgenstein’s Early Investigations. de Gruyter.
    Wittgensteins interpreters are undivided that the method plays a central role in his philosophy. This would be no surprise if we have in mind the Tractarian (...)dictum: “philosophy is not a body of doctrine but an activity” (4.112). After 1929, Wittgensteins method evolved further. In its final form, articulated in Philosophical Investigations, it was formulated as different kinds of therapies of specific philosophical problems that torment our life (§§ 133, 255, 593). In this paper we follow the changes in Wittgensteins thinking in four subsequent phases and in three dimensions: (i) in logic and ontology; (ii) in method proper; (iii) in style. (shrink)
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  40.  37
    Autonomy and Moral Rationalism: Kants Criticisms ofRationalistMoral Principles (1762-1785).Stefano Bacin - 2019 - In Stefano Bacin & Oliver Sensen (eds.), The Emergence of Autonomy in Kant's Moral Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 48-66.
    This paper attempts to shed light on Kants notion of autonomy in his moral philosophy by considering Kants critique of the rationalist theories of morality that (...) Kant discussed in his lectures on practical philosophy from the 1760s to the time of the Groundwork. The paper first explains Kants taxonomy of moral theories. Second, it considers Kant's arguments against the two main variants ofrationalismas he construes it, that is, perfectionism and theological voluntarism, pointing out the similarities to previous criticisms. Third, the paper argues that Kants discussion of the 'rationalist' views does not amount to an unqualified dismissal, but to an attempt at working out a novel rationalist position. Kants criticisms of rationalist views suggest that his project emerges from the failures of previous rationalism, with the aim to work out a rationalist view that can account for moral obligation by integrating insights from the theological conception. The combination of perfectionism and theological views yields the basic outline of the idea of autonomy, consisting in the lawgiving function of a rational will as a key to the legislation of a necessary law. (shrink)
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  41. Real (M)Othering: The Metaphysics of Maternity in Children's Literature.Shelley M. Park - 2005 - In Sally Haslanger & Charlotte Witt (eds.), Real (M)othering: The Metaphysics of Maternity in Children's Literature. In Sally Haslanger and Charlotte Witt, eds. Adoption Matters: Philosophical and Feminist Essays. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. 171-194. Cornell University Press. pp. 171-194.
    This paper examines the complexity and fluidity of maternal identity through an examination of narratives about "real motherhood" found in children's literature. Focusing on the (...)
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  42.  56
    Expanding Western Definitions of Shamanism: A Conversation with Stephan Beyer, Stanley Krippner, and Hillary S. Webb.Hillary S. Webb - 2013 - Anthropology of Consciousness 24 (1):57-75.
    Where has the Western attraction to the study and practice of shamanic techniques brought us? Where might it take us? In what ways have our Western biases (...)
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  43.  51
    Moral Realism by Other Means: The Hybrid Nature of Kants Practical Rationalism.Stefano Bacin - 2017 - In Elke Elisabeth Schmidt & Robinson dos Santos (eds.), Realism and Anti-Realism in Kant’s Moral Philosophy. De Gruyter. pp. 155-178.
    After qualifying in which senserealismcan be applied to eighteenth-century views about morality, I argue that while Kant shares with traditional moral realists several fundamental (...)claims about morality, he holds that those claims must be argued for in a radically different way. Drawing on his diagnosis of the serious weaknesses of traditional moral realism, Kant proposes a novel approach that revolves around a hybrid view about moral obligation. Since his solution to that central issue combines elements of realism with elements of voluntarist assent, Kants position can be characterized as an idealist version of moral realism or, more specifically, as the combination of a strong realism about the moral law with an idealist account of moral obligation. (shrink)
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  44. Review: Baltzer, Erkenntnis Als Relationengeflecht, Kategorien Bei Charles S. Peirce[REVIEW]H. G. Callaway - 1995 - Transactions of the C.S. Peirce Society (2):445-453.
    (Also titled "A Place for Peirce's Categories?"in Meaning without Analyticity.) This book arose from the authors recent dissertation written under the Gerhard Schönrich at (...) Munich. It focuses on Peirces theory of categories and his epistemology. According to Baltzer, what is distinctive in Peirces theory of knowledge is that he reconstrues objects asknots in networks of relations.” The phrase may ring a bell. It suggests a structuralist interpretation of Peirce, influenced by the Munich environs. The study aims to shows how Peirces theory of categories supports his theory of knowledge and howquestion concerning a priori structures of knowledgeare transformed within this relational framework. A chief critical target is David Savans semiotics, specifically the idea thatthe multiplicity of development of the categoriesisconditioned by nothing but the indefiniteness of the categories.” But in contrast with this, if there is any indefiniteness in the categories, they cannot fully direct their own application, and this is to say regarding themthat our knowledge is never absolute but always swims, as it were, in a continuum...” If the doctrine of continuity applies to the categories, they also have a continuum to swim in. (shrink)
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  45.  39
    Factors Affecting Women's Autonomous Decision Making In Research Participation Amongst Yoruba Women Of Western Nigeria.Chitu Womehoma Princewill, Ayodele S. Jegede, Karin Nordström, Bolatito Lanre‐Abass & Bernice Simone Elger - 2017 - Developing World Bioethics 17 (1):40-49.
    Research is a global enterprise requiring participation of both genders for generalizable knowledge; advancement of science and evidence based medical treatment. Participation of women in research is (...)
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  46.  39
    Review of Nugayev's book "Reconstruction of Scientific Theory Change". [REVIEW]Oleg S. Razumovsky & Rinat M. Nugayev - 1990 - Philosophskie Nauki (Philosophical Sciences) (7):123-124.
    Nugayevs book is one of the first Soviet monographs treating the theory change problem. The gist of epistemological model consists in consequent account of intertheoretical relations. (...)His book is based on the works of Soviet authors, as well as on Western studies (K.R. Popper, T.S. Kuhn, I. Lakatos, P. Feyerabend et al.) Key words: epistemological model, Soviet philosophy, Western studies . (shrink)
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  47.  79
    The Thought Experiment of Maxwells Demon and the Origin of Irreversibility.Aspasia S. Moue - 2008 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 39 (1):69 - 84.
    The problem of the irreversibilitys origin in thermodynamic processes occupies a distinguished place among many and lasting attempts by researchers to derive irreversibility from molecular-mechanical principles (...). However, this problem is still open and no universally accepted solution may be given during any course. In this paper, I shall try to show that the examining of Maxwells demon thought experiment may provide insight into the difficulties that emerge, looking for this origin because: (i) it is connected with the notion of irreversibility, and (ii) one of its functions is that of thereversibility objection.” In order to illustrate this point, I study Boltzmanns approach to the problem of a molecular-mechanical interpretation of irreversibility and I show that an auxiliary assumption (the selected direction of time) is responsible for producing irreversibility. But this result is accordant with the predictions of Maxwells demon thought experiment: the assumptions of this kind are not dictated by molecular-mechanical principles but are separate input in the model-systems used. (shrink)
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  48.  37
    Experiences of Being Tested: a Critical Discussion of the Knowledge Involved and Produced in the Practice of Testing in Childrens Rehabilitation.Wenche S. Bjorbækmo & Gunn H. Engelsrud - 2011 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14 (2):123-131.
    Intensive professional testing of children with disabilities is becoming increasingly prominent within the field of childrens rehabilitation. In this paper we question the high quality ascribed (...)to standardized assessment procedures. We explore testing practices using a hermeneutic-phenomenological approach analyzing data from interviews and participant observations among 20 children with disabilities and their parents. All the participating children have extensive experience from being tested. This study reveals that the practices of testing have certain limitations when confronted with the lived experience of those who are being tested. Testing seems to transmit the expertsview of what is important, correct and admirable, and the way in which an individual child fulfills such requirements and fits in with the predetermined standard. Regular testing may result in insecurity on the part of the tested individual, and possibly to a lack of confidence in their body and the way it functions. For the individual being tested the meaning of testing is primarily related to passing or not passing the test requirements. Given the meaning of testing, children with disabilities may experience repeated testing as an ordeal that they are expected to put up with. By illuminating the experiences of the ones exposed to testing, this paper offers new insight for professionals to gauge more accurately the quality of contemporary testing practice. (shrink)
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    Editors Introduction.Robert R. Clewis - 2015 - In Reading Kant's Lectures. De Gruyter. pp. 1-30.
    The editor's introduction to the volume gives an overview of its main themes and provides a summary of each of the twenty-two chapters.
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  50. Caseys Subliminal Phenomenology: On Edging Things Back Into Place.David Morris - 2013 - In Donald A. Landes & Azucena Cruz Pierre (eds.), Exploring the Work of Edward S. Casey: Giving Voice to Place, Memory, and Imagination. pp. 53-61.
    In this chapter I suggest how Caseys work opens some radical implications for phenomenology. Casey does this by showing that place is what first of all (...)grants room for the appearance of thingsbut only in virtue of a non givenness. That is, place undergirds determinate things only in being somethinglessthan fully delimited or determinate, something less than space would be as an already given dimension. Place thus echoes Bergsons durée as openly generative becoming, in contrast to time as already fixed dimension. In showing us how determinate phenomena are conditioned by place as less than given, and in complementary work onperiphenomena” (see, e.g., WG 438-448), such as glances and edges, Casey reveals what I call a subliminal dimension of phenomena: a way in which periphenomena and thence phenomena appear as delimited only by edging out into what is less than delimitable. This subliminal dimension is phenomenologically paradoxical. It cannot appear as such, precisely because it is less than delimitable, vagrant with respect to classical conditions of appearance. Yet this vagrantless thanprecisely appears as subliminal within and to delimited appearances, versus being something ideal or behind appearances. (shrink)
     
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