Search results for 'foundations of physics' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  49
    Olival Freire Jr (2004). The Historical Roots of ''Foundations of Quantum Physics'' as a Field of Research (1950–1970). Foundations of Physics 34 (11):1741-1760.
    The rising interest, in the late 20th century, in the foundations of quantum physics, a subject in which Franco Selleri has excelled, has suggested the fair question: how did it become so? The current answer says that experiments have allowed to bring into the laboratories some previous gedanken experiments, beginning with those about EPR and related to Bell’s inequalities. I want to explore an alternative view, by which there would have been, before Bell’s inequalities experimental tests, a change (...)
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  2.  55
    Dennis Dieks, Décio Krause & Christian de Ronde (2014). Preface Special Issue Foundations of Physics. Foundations of Physics 44 (12):1245-1245.
    The foundations of quantum mechanics are attracting new and significant interest in the scientific community due to the recent striking experimental and technical progress in the fields of quantum computation, quantum teleportation and quantum information processing. However, at a more fundamental level the understanding and manipulation of these novel phenomena require not only new laboratory techniques but also new understanding, development and interpretation of the formalism of quantum mechanics itself, a mathematical structure whose connection to what happens in physical (...)
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  3.  66
    Ioannis E. Antoniou (2002). Caratheodory and the Foundations of Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics. Foundations of Physics 32 (4):627-641.
    Constantin Caratheodory offered the first systematic and contradiction free formulation of thermodynamics on the basis of his mathematical work on Pfaff forms. Moreover, his work on measure theory provided the basis for later improved formulations of thermodynamics and physics of continua where extensive variables are measures and intensive variables are densities. Caratheodory was the first to see that measure theory and not topology is the natural tool to understand the difficulties (ergodicity, approach to equilibrium, irreversibility) in the Foundations (...)
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  4.  51
    Lawrence Sklar (1993). Physics and Chance: Philosophical Issues in the Foundations of Statistical Mechanics. Cambridge University Press.
    Statistical mechanics is one of the crucial fundamental theories of physics, and in his new book Lawrence Sklar, one of the pre-eminent philosophers of physics, offers a comprehensive, non-technical introduction to that theory and to attempts to understand its foundational elements. Among the topics treated in detail are: probability and statistical explanation, the basic issues in both equilibrium and non-equilibrium statistical mechanics, the role of cosmology, the reduction of thermodynamics to statistical mechanics, and the alleged foundation of the (...)
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  5.  45
    Juan G. Roederer (1978). On the Relationship Between Human Brain Functions and the Foundations of Physics, Science, and Technology. Foundations of Physics 8 (5-6):423-438.
    The objective of this paper is to discuss the relationship between the functional properties and information-processing modes of the human brain and the evolution of scientific thought. Science has emerged as a tool to carry out predictive operations that exceed the accuracy, temporal scale, and intrinsic operational limitations of the human brain. Yet the scientific method unavoidably reflects some fundamental characteristics of the information-acquisition and -analysis modes of the brain, which impose a priori boundary conditions upon how science can develop (...)
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  6.  11
    Hans Freudenthal (1971). More About Foundations of Physics. Foundations of Physics 1 (4):315-323.
    Salt's paper on my criticism of Bunge's book is discussed, and some arguments in my paper are enlarged upon in order to make them better understood.
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  7.  9
    Tilman Sauer (2002). Hopes and Disappointments in Hilbert’s Axiomatic “Foundations of Physics”. Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 9:225-237.
    Sixteen years after his “Foundations of Geometry,” Hilbert published a communication that bears a similar and, by use of the definite article, even less mistakable title: “The Foundations of Physics.” In the opening paragraph of this article, Hilbert announced his intention self-confidently:In the following, I should like to set up — following the axiomatic method — a new system of fundamental equations of physics, constructed essentially from two simple axioms; equations that are of ideal beauty and (...)
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  8.  20
    F. Jenč, W. Maass, O. Melsheimer, H. Neumann & A. Van der Merwe (1983). Günther Ludwig and the Foundations of Physics. Foundations of Physics 13 (7):639-641.
  9.  17
    W. Yourgrau & A. Van der Merwe (1975). Foundations of Physics. Foundations of Physics 5 (1):3-4.
  10. Jos Uffink, Compendium of the Foundations of Classical Statistical Physics.
    Roughly speaking, classical statistical physics is the branch of theoretical physics that aims to account for the thermal behaviour of macroscopic bodies in terms of a classical mechanical model of their microscopic constituents, with the help of probabilistic assumptions. In the last century and a half, a fair number of approaches have been developed to meet this aim. This study of their foundations assesses their coherence and analyzes the motivations for their basic assumptions, and the interpretations of (...)
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  11.  18
    Andrew Wayne (2000). Conceptual Foundations of Field Theories in Physics. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):522.
    This discussion provides a brief commentary on each of the papers presented in the symposium on the conceptual foundations of field theories in physics. In Section 2 I suggest an alternative to Paul Teller's (1999) reading of the gauge argument that may help to solve, or dissolve, its puzzling aspects. In Section 3 I contend that Sunny Auyang's (1999) arguments against substantivalism and for "objectivism" in the context of gauge field theories face serious worries. Finally, in Section 4 (...)
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  12. Roger Jones (1997). Physics and Chance: Philosophical Issues in the Foundations of Statistical Mechanics. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 27 (6):953-955.
  13.  78
    F. Barone, A. O. Barut, E. Beltrametti, S. Bergia, R. A. Bertlmann, H. R. Brown, G. C. Ghirardi, D. M. Greenberger, D. Home & M. Jammer (1991). Bell's Theorem and the Foundations of Modern Physics. Foundations of Physics 21 (8).
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  14.  86
    Palatyo Del Ridoti'O. (1991). Bell's Theorem and the Foundations of Modern Physics. Foundations of Physics 21 (10).
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  15.  13
    James B. Hartle, K. V. Laurikainen, Henry J. Folse D'Espagnat Paris, Asher Peres, Abner Shimony, Henry Stapp & Stig Stenholm (1994). Symposium on the Foundations of Modern Physics 1994. Foundations of Physics 24 (2).
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  16.  19
    Daniel Greenberger (2001). Book Review: Conceptual Foundations of Quantum Physics: An Overview From Modern Perspectives. By Dipankar Home. Plenum Publishing Corporation, New York, New York, 1997, Xvii + 386 Pp., $167.00 (Hardcover). ISBN 0-306-45660-5. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 31 (5):855-857.
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  17.  6
    Gérard G. Emch (2002). Book Review: John von Neumann and the Foundations of Quantum Physics. Edited by Miklós Rédei and Michael Stöltzner. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, London, 2001, Ix+371 Pages, ISBN 0-7923-6812-6, 134.00 EUR / 119.00 USD / 89.00 GBP (Hardcover). [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 32 (6):981-985.
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  18. Dean Rickles & Steven French (2006). Quantum Gravity Meets Structuralism: Interweaving Relations in the Foundations of Physics. In Dean Rickles, Steven French & Juha Saatsi (eds.), The Structural Foundations of Quantum Gravity. Oxford University Press 1--39.
     
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  19. Lawrence Sklar (1995). Physics and Chance: Philosophical Issues in the Foundations of Statistical Mechanics. Cambridge University Press.
    Statistical mechanics is one of the crucial fundamental theories of physics, and in his new book Lawrence Sklar, one of the pre-eminent philosophers of physics, offers a comprehensive, non-technical introduction to that theory and to attempts to understand its foundational elements. Among the topics treated in detail are: probability and statistical explanation, the basic issues in both equilibrium and non-equilibrium statistical mechanics, the role of cosmology, the reduction of thermodynamics to statistical mechanics, and the alleged foundation of the (...)
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  20. Lawrence Sklar (1995). Physics and Chance: Philosophical Issues in the Foundations of Statistical Mechanics. Cambridge University Press.
    Statistical mechanics is one of the crucial fundamental theories of physics, and in his new book Lawrence Sklar, one of the pre-eminent philosophers of physics, offers a comprehensive, non-technical introduction to that theory and to attempts to understand its foundational elements. Among the topics treated in detail are: probability and statistical explanation, the basic issues in both equilibrium and non-equilibrium statistical mechanics, the role of cosmology, the reduction of thermodynamics to statistical mechanics, and the alleged foundation of the (...)
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  21.  49
    H. Barnum (2003). Quantum Information Processing, Operational Quantum Logic, Convexity, and the Foundations of Physics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 34 (3):343-379.
    Quantum information science is a source of task-related axioms whose consequences can be explored in general settings encompassing quantum mechanics, classical theory, and more. Quantum states are compendia of probabilities for the outcomes of possible operations we may perform on a system: ''operational states.'' I discuss general frameworks for ''operational theories'' (sets of possible operational states of a system), in which convexity plays key role. The main technical content of the paper is in a theorem that any such theory naturally (...)
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  22.  2
    Robert Bruce Lindsay (9999). Foundations of Physics. New York, Dover Publications.
  23.  11
    Sonja Smets (2005). The Modes of Physical Properties in the Logical Foundations of Physics. Logic and Logical Philosophy 14 (1):37-53.
    We present a conceptual analysis of the notions of actual physical property and potential physical property as used by theoretical physicists/mathematicians working in the domain of operational quantum logic. We investigate how these notions are being used today and what role they play in the specified field of research. In order to do so, we will give a brief introduction to this area of research and explain it as a part of the discipline known as “mathematical metascience”. An in depth (...)
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  24. Rudolf Carnap (1966). Philosophical Foundations of Physics;. New York,Basic Books, Inc..
  25.  76
    Leo Corry (1999). From Mie's Electromagnetic Theory of Matter to Hilbert's Unified Foundations of Physics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 30 (2):159-183.
  26.  11
    Jeffrey K. McDonough (2016). Leibniz and the Foundations of Physics: The Later Years. Philosophical Review 125 (1):1-34.
    This essay offers an account of the relationship between extended Leibnizian bodies and unextended Leibnizian monads, an account that shows why Leibniz was right to see intimate, explanatory connections between his studies in physics and his mature metaphysics. The first section sets the stage by introducing a case study from Leibniz's technical work on the strength of extended, rigid beams. The second section draws on that case study to introduce a model for understanding Leibniz's views on the relationship between (...)
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  27.  1
    Howard Barnum (2003). Quantum Information Processing, Operational Quantum Logic, Convexity, and the Foundations of Physics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 34 (3):343-379.
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  28. K. A. Brading & T. A. Ryckman (2008). Hilbert's ‘Foundations of Physics’: Gravitation and Electromagnetism Within the Axiomatic Method. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 39 (1):102-153.
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  29. Claudio Garola (2002). Waves, Information, and Foundations of Physics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 33 (1):101-116.
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  30.  8
    R. B. Lindsay & Henry Margenau (1936). Foundations of Physics. Philosophy of Science 3 (3):371-372.
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  31.  15
    Osvaldo Pessoa Jr, Olival Freire Jr & Alexis de Greiff, The Tausk Controversy on the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics: Physics, Philosophy, and Politics.
    In 1966 the Brazilian physicist Klaus Tausk (b. 1927) circulated a preprint from the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, Italy, criticizing Adriana Daneri, Angelo Loinger, and Giovanni Maria Prosperi`s theory of 1962 on the measurement problem in quantum mechanics. A heated controversy ensued between two opposing camps within the orthodox interpretation of quantum theory, represented by Leon Rosenfeld and Eugene P. Wigner. The controversy went well beyond the strictly scientific issues, however, reflecting philosophical and political commitments within (...)
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  32. M. Bunge (1969). Delaware Seminar in the Foundations of Physics. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 20 (1):86-87.
     
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  33.  6
    Ulrich Majer (2001). The Axiomatic Method and the Foundations of Science: Historical Roots of Mathematical Physics in Göttingen. Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 8:11-33.
    The aim of the paper is this: Instead of presenting a provisional and necessarily insufficient characterization of what mathematical physics is, I will ask the reader to take it just as that, what he or she thinks or believes it is, yet to be prepared to revise his opinion in the light of what I am going to tell. Because this is precisely, what I intend to do. I will challenge some of the received or standard views about mathematical (...)
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  34.  2
    Miklós Rédei, Michael Stöltzner, Walter Thirring, Ulrich Majer & Jeffrey Bub (2001). John von Neumann and the Foundations of Quantum Physics. Springer Netherlands.
    ... of Quantum Physics Book Editors Miklós Rédei1 Michael Stöltzner2 Eötvös University, Budapest, Hungary Institute Vienna Circle, Vienna, University of Salzburg, Vienna, Austria ISSN 09296328 ISBN 9789048156511 ISBN 9789401720120 ...
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  35.  13
    G. A. D. Briggs, J. Butterfield & A. Zeilinger, The Oxford Questions on the Foundations of Quantum Physics.
    The twentieth century saw two fundamental revolutions in physics—relativity and quantum. Daily use of these theories can numb the sense of wonder at their immense empirical success. Does their instrumental effectiveness stand on the rock of secure concepts or the sand of unresolved fundamentals? Does measuring a quantum system probe, or even create, reality, or merely change belief? Must relativity and quantum theory just co-exist or might we find a new theory which unifies the two? To bring such questions (...)
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  36.  1
    Tracy Lupher (2003). John von Neumann and the Foundations of Quantum Physics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 34 (4):684-687.
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  37.  62
    Diederik Aerts, Sonja Smets & Jean P. Van Bendegem (2010). The Contributions of Logic to the Foundations of Physics: Foreword. [REVIEW] Studia Logica 95 (1-2):1-3.
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  38. Rudolf Carnap & Martin Gardner (1966). Philosophical Foundations of Physics an Introduction to the Philosophy of Science. Basic Books.
     
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  39.  93
    K. A. Brading & T. A. Ryckman (2008). Hilbert's 'Foundations of Physics': Gravitation and Electromagnetism Within the Axiomatic Method. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 39 (1):102-153.
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  40. Philipp Frank (1965). Foundations of Physics. University of Chicago Press.
     
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  41. Leonid G. Kreidik (1998). Foundations of Physics: 13.644--: Collected Papers. G. Shpenkov.
  42. Robert Bruce Lindsay & Henry Margenau (1957). Foundations of Physics [by] Robert Bruce Lindsay [and] Henry Margenau. Dover Publications.
     
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  43.  6
    Lukas M. Verburgt (2016). The Place of Probability in Hilbert’s Axiomatization of Physics, Ca. 1900–1928. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 53:28-44.
    Although it has become a common place to refer to the ׳sixth problem׳ of Hilbert׳s (1900) Paris lecture as the starting point for modern axiomatized probability theory, his own views on probability have received comparatively little explicit attention. The central aim of this paper is to provide a detailed account of this topic in light of the central observation that the development of Hilbert׳s project of the axiomatization of physics went hand-in-hand with a redefinition of the status of probability (...)
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  44. Petr Hájek & Jiří Zlatuška (1996). Gödel '96 Logical Foundations of Mathematics, Computer Science and Physics Kurt GÖdel's Legacy. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 2 (4):473.
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  45.  20
    N. E. (1936). Foundations of Physics. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 33 (7):191-192.
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  46.  53
    Herbert Dingle (1960). The Doppler Effect and the Foundations of Physics (II). British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 11 (42):113-129.
  47.  8
    H. K. R. (1969). Foundations of Physics. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 22 (4):748-748.
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  48.  47
    Herbert Dingle (1960). The Doppler Effect and the Foundations of Physics (I). British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 11 (41):11-31.
  49.  17
    Robert S. Metzger (1973). Book Review:Problems in the Foundations of Physics Mario Bunge. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 40 (3):464-.
  50. Stillman Drake (1977). Galileo on Sense Experience and Foundations of Physics. Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 68:108-110.
     
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