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Siblings:History/traditions: Physics

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  1. added 2019-02-06
    A Scientifically Irrefutable Foundation to Physics (Draft 3).Alexandre Harvey Tremblay - manuscript
    The aim of this work is, first, to set the basis for a formal model of science, then, it is to show that the laws of physics are its theorems. Necessarily, all formal theories that are the product of science are theorems of our model. As this includes physics, our model is, therefore, its logical foundation. -/- In the first part of the paper we present and investigate a number of desiderata regarding the formal practice of science including definitions and (...)
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  2. added 2019-01-31
    Tunnel Visions: The Rise and Fall of the Superconducting Super Collider - by Michael Riordan, Lillian Hoddeson and Adrienne W. Kolb.Raffaele Pisano - 2015 - Centaurus 57 (4):271-273.
    Michael Riordan, Lillian Hoddeson and Adrienne W. Kolb, Tunnel Visions: The Rise and Fall of the Superconducting Super Collider (Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2015), xiii+448 pp.
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  3. added 2019-01-30
    Brain-Mind Operational Architectonics: At the Boundary Between Quantum Physics and Eastern Metaphysics.Andrew And Alexander Fingelkurts, Carlos F. H. Neves & Tarja Kallio-Tamminen - forthcoming - Physics of Life Reviews:in press.
    The Operational Architectonics (OA) of brain-mind functioning is a theory that unifies brain and mind through nested and dynamic hierarchy of electromagnetic brain fields. Recently, it has been enriched by concepts from physics like time, space, entropy, and self-organized criticality. This review paper advances OA theory further by delving into the foundations of quantum physics and Eastern metaphysics in relation to mind function. We aim to show that the brain-mind OA is the boundary between and integration point of quantum physics (...)
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  4. added 2019-01-07
    On the Fundamental Role of Massless Form of Matter in Physics.Alexander Klimets - 2017 - FIZIKA B (Zagreb) 9:23-42.
    In the article, with the help of various models, the thesis on the fundamental nature of the field form of matter in physics is considered. In the first chapter a model of special relativity is constructed, on the basis of which the priority of the massless form of matter is revealed. In the second chapter, a field model of inert and heavy mass is constructed and on this basis the mechanism of inertia and gravity of weighty bodies is revealed. In (...)
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  5. added 2018-12-28
    Sobre a Emergência e a lei de Proporcionalidade Intrínseca.Pedro Jefferson Miranda - 2018 - Dissertation, UEPG, Brazil
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  6. added 2018-12-03
    Necessity and the Physicalist Account in Aristotle’s Physics. Difficulties with the Rainfall Example.Jarosław Olesiak - 2015 - Diametros 45:35-38.
    The aim of the present article is to consider the shortcomings of the physicalist rainfall example set forth by Aristotle in Physics II.8. I first outline the ancient physicalist account of the coming-to-be of natural organisms and the accompanying rejection of the teleological character of such processes. Then I examine the rainfall example itself. The fundamental difficulty is that rainfall does not appear to have a proper nature. Hence it is not natural in the strict sense and cannot be used (...)
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  7. added 2018-12-03
    The Physical Theories and Infinite Hierarchical Nesting of Matter, Volume 1.Sergey G. Fedosin - 2014 - LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing.
    With the help of syncretiсs as a new philosophical logic, the philosophy of carriers, the theory of similarity and the theory of Infinite Hierarchical Nesting of Matter, the problems of modern physics are analyzed. We consider the classical and relativistic mechanics, the special and general theories of relativity, the theory of electromagnetic and gravitational fields, of weak and strong interactions. The goal is axiomatization of these theories, building models of elementary particles and of their interactions with each other. The main (...)
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  8. added 2018-10-14
    A New Approach in Classical Electrodynamics to Protect Principle of Causality.Biswaranjan Dikshit - 2014 - Journal of Theoretical Physics and Cryptography 5:1-4.
    In classical electrodynamics, electromagnetic effects are calculated from solution of wave equation formed by combination of four Maxwell’s equations. However, along with retarded solution, this wave equation admits advanced solution in which case the effect happens before the cause. So, to preserve causality in natural events, the retarded solution is intentionally chosen and the advance part is just ignored. But, an equation or method cannot be called fundamental if it admits a wrong result (that violates principle of causality) in addition (...)
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  9. added 2018-09-27
    On the Arrow of Spacetime.Alexandre Harvey Tremblay - manuscript
    Consistent with special relativity and statistical physics, here we construct a partition function of space-time events. The union of these two theories resolves longstanding problems in regards to time. It augments the standard description of time given by the (non-relativistic) arrow of time to one able to show the emergence of three macroscopic regimes of time: the past, the present, and the future, represented by space-like entropy, light-like entropy, and time-like entropy, respectively, and in a manner consistent with our experience (...)
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  10. added 2018-09-14
    The Longitudinal Effects of STEM Identity and Gender on Flourishing and Achievement in College Physics.Viviane Seyranian, Alex Madva, Nina Abramzon, Nicole Duong, Yoi Tibbetts & Judith Harackiewicz - forthcoming - International Journal of STEM Education.
    Background. Drawing on social identity theory and positive psychology, this study investigated women’s responses to the social environment of physics classrooms. It also investigated STEM identity and gender disparities on academic achievement and flourishing in an undergraduate introductory physics course for STEM majors. 160 undergraduate students enrolled in an introductory physics course were administered a baseline survey with self-report measures on course belonging, physics identification, flourishing, and demographics at the beginning of the course and a post-survey at the end of (...)
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  11. added 2018-09-06
    Can Physics Ever Be Complete If There is No Fundamental Level in Nature?Markus Schrenk - 2009 - Dialectica 63 (2):205-208.
    In their recent book Every Thing Must Go, Ladyman and Ross claim: (i) Physics is analytically complete since it is the only science that cannot be left incomplete. (ii) There might not be an ontologically fundamental level. (iii) We should not admit anything into our ontology unless it has explanatory and predictive utility. In this discussion note I aim to show that the ontological commitment in implies that the completeness of no science can be achieved where no fundamental level exists. (...)
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  12. added 2018-08-20
    Shattered Symmetry: Group Theory From the Eightfold Way to the Periodic Table.Pieter Thyssen & Arnout Ceulemans - 2017 - New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press.
    The standard model of subatomic particles and the periodic table of the atoms have the common goal to bring order in the bewildering chaos of the constituents of matter. Their success relies on the presence of fundamental symmetries in their core. The purpose of the book is to share the admiration for the power and the beauty of these symmetries. The reader is taken on a journey from the basic geometric symmetry group of a circle to the sublime dynamic symmetries (...)
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  13. added 2018-07-25
    Taming the Delayed Choice Quantum Eraser.Johannes Fankhauser - manuscript
    In this paper I discuss the delayed choice quantum eraser experiment by giving a straightforward account in standard quantum mechanics. At first glance, the experiment suggests that measurements on one part of an entangled photon pair can be employed to control whether the measurement outcome of the other part of the photon pair produces interference fringes at a screen after being sent through a double slit. Significantly, the choice whether there is interference or not can be made long after the (...)
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  14. added 2018-07-23
    On the Origin of the Laws of Physics From the Properties of Algorithms.Alexandre Harvey Tremblay - manuscript
    I propose a method to derive the familiar laws of physics from algorithmic information theory (AIT). Specifically, I introduce the notion of a proven computing reserve and I use it to connect AIT to physics.
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  15. added 2018-06-28
    Towards a Theory of Spacetime Theories.Dennis Lehmkuhl, Gregor Schiemann & Erhard Scholz (eds.) - 2017 - Birkhauser.
    This contributed volume is the result of a July 2010 workshop at the University of Wuppertal Interdisciplinary Centre for Science and Technology Studies which brought together world-wide experts from physics, philosophy and history, in order to address a set of questions first posed in the 1950s: How do we compare spacetime theories? How do we judge, objectively, which is the “best” theory? Is there even a unique answer to this question? -/- The goal of the workshop, and of this book, (...)
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  16. added 2018-06-14
    The Mind and the Physical World: A Psychologist's Exploration of Modern Physical Theory.Douglas Michael Snyder - 1995 - Los Angeles, USA: Tailor Press.
    The mind of man is central to the structure and functioning of the physical world. Modern physical theory indicates that the mind stands in a relationship of equals to the physical world. Both are fundamental, neither can be reduced to the other, and both require each other for their full understanding. This thesis is at odds with the view of the universe found in Newtonian mechanics as well as the generally held view among contemporary physicists of modern physical theory. Since (...)
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  17. added 2018-06-10
    Outlines of Rutherford’s Α-Particles Scattering Experiment.Arjun Dahal & Nikita Parajuli - 2018 - Journal of St.Xavier's Physics Council.
    Rutherford’s α-particles scattering experiment was one of the milestone for the physics community as it provided an insight to an atom thus discarding the previously prevailed Thomson’s model. Through this article we shall examine the theoretical formulation of Rutherford’s experiment and how it helped to shape the modern physics.
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  18. added 2018-05-31
    Understanding the Emergence of Microbial Consciousness and SOM.Jumpal Shashi Kiran Reddy & Contzen Pereira - 2017 - Journal of Integrative Neuroscience 16 (16):S27-S36.
    Microorganisms demonstrate conscious-like intelligent behaviour, and this form of consciousness may have emerged from a quantum mediated mechanism as observed in cytoskeletal structures like the microtubules present in nerve cells whichapparently have the architecture to quantum compute. This paper hypothesises the emergence of proto-consciousness in primitivecytoskeletal systems found in the microbial kingdoms of archaea, bacteria and eukarya. To explain this, we make use of the Subject–Object Model (SOM) of consciousness which evaluates the rise of the degree of consciousness to conscious (...)
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  19. added 2018-05-30
    Impact of Loop Statistics on the Thermodynamics of RNA Folding.Thomas R. Einert, Paul M. Näger, Henri Orland & Roland R. Netz - 2008 - Physical Review Letters 101 (4):048103.
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  20. added 2018-05-28
    Quantum Field Theory: An Introduction.Ryan Reece - manuscript
    This document is a set of notes I took on QFT as a graduate student at the University of Pennsylvania, mainly inspired in lectures by Burt Ovrut, but also working through Peskin and Schroeder (1995), as well as David Tong’s lecture notes available online. They take a slow pedagogical approach to introducing classical field theory, Noether’s theorem, the principles of quantum mechanics, scattering theory, and culminating in the derivation of Feynman diagrams.
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  21. added 2018-05-28
    Derivation of the Quantum Mechanical Momentum Operator in the Position Representation.Ryan Reece - manuscript
    I pedagogically show that the momentum operator in quantum mechanics, in the position representation, commonly known to be a derivative with respect to a spatial x-coordinate, can be derived by identifying momentum as the generator of space translations.
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  22. added 2018-05-28
    A Search for New Physics in High-Mass Ditau Events in the ATLAS Detector.Ryan Reece - 2013 - Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania
    This thesis is a work of experimental physics, a search for new physics with the ATLAS experiment. I post this thesis on the PhilArchive because it includes a pedagogical summary of quantum mechanics and the standard model of particle physics in the combination of chapters 1-2 and appendix A. This was my attempt at the end of my PhD of giving a bird's eye view of the standard model, with a thorough bibliography of the publication trail that lead to its (...)
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  23. added 2018-05-24
    Action at a Distance: A Key to Homopolar Induction.Ricardo Achilles & Jorge A. Guala-Valverde - 2007 - Apeiron 14 (3):169-183.
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  24. added 2018-05-14
    On the Entropic Origin of the Cosmos.Alexandre Harvey Tremblay - manuscript
    We present a simple model of cosmology inspired by a cycle of statistical physics involving the age, the size and the entropy of the system. The model is formalized in statistical physics by the introduction of a micro-state q defined only with a time quantity t(q) and a position quantity x(q). In this representation, many of the laws of classical physics (inertia, special relativity, general relativity, and dark energy) are emergent as entropic laws and are associated to the thermodynamic trade-offs (...)
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  25. added 2018-04-30
    An Overview of Black Holes.Arjun Dahal & Naresh Adhikari - 2018 - Journal of St. Xavier's Physics Council:8.
    Black holes are one of the fascinating objects in the universe with gravitational pull strong enough to capture light within them. Through this article we have attempted to provide an insight to the black holes, on their formation and theoretical developments that made them one of the unsolved mysteries of universe.
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  26. added 2018-04-30
    A Glimpse of Special Theory of Relativity.Arjun Dahal - 2017 - Journal of St. Xavier's Physics Council:5.
    This article provides a brief outline of Special Theory of Relativity. The physics before the relativity, the special relativity in itself, and the consequences of special relativity are discussed here.
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  27. added 2018-04-04
    The World is an Autology Derived From All Tautologies.Alexandre Harvey Tremblay - manuscript
    We report a mathematical construction that is autological, universal and tautological. The autological property allows the derivation of the laws of physics from the construction, while the other two properties explain why the construction is universally and necessarily applicable to the world. The construction can explain the World at its most fundamental level up to and including the derivation of the familiar laws of physics. It is formulated as a statistical ensemble of feasible mathematics (an algorithmic information theory analog to (...)
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  28. added 2018-03-30
    Fine-Structure Constant From Golden Ratio Geometry.Michael A. Sherbon - 2018 - International Journal of Mathematics and Physical Sciences Research 5 (2):89-100.
    After a brief review of the golden ratio in history and our previous exposition of the fine-structure constant and equations with the exponential function, the fine-structure constant is studied in the context of other research calculating the fine-structure constant from the golden ratio geometry of the hydrogen atom. This research is extended and the fine-structure constant is then calculated in powers of the golden ratio to an accuracy consistent with the most recent publications. The mathematical constants associated with the golden (...)
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  29. added 2018-02-17
    Scientific Analogies and Their Use in Teaching Science.Nahum Kipnis - 2005 - Science & Education 14 (3-5):199-233.
    Analogy in science knew its successes and failures, as illustrated by examples from the eighteenth-century physics. At times, some scientists abstained from using a certain analogy on the ground that it had not yet been demonstrated. Several false discoveries in the 18th and early 19th centuries appeared to support their caution. It is now clear that such a position reflected a methodological confusion that resulted from a failure to distinguish between particular and general analogies. Considering analogy as a hierarchical structure (...)
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  30. added 2018-02-17
    Scientific Controversies in Teaching Science: The Case of Volta.Nahum Kipnis - 2001 - Science & Education 10 (1-2):33-49.
    This paper discusses a way of introducing a scientific controversy, which emphasizes objective aspects of such issues as multiple theoretical interpretation of phenomena, choosing a theory, insistence on the chosen theory, and others. The goal is to give students a better insight into the workings of science and provide guidelines for building theories in their own research.
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  31. added 2018-02-10
    The Emergent Structure of Consciousness (Part I).Cosmin Visan - 2017 - Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research 8 (8):604-627.
    Current day Physics and Science in general are based on a computational quantitative-reductionist approach that even though highly successful, they not only still leave consciousness out, but they don’t appear to offer any key of how consciousness is even supposed to be integrated into the current scientific establishment. This delay of integrating consciousness into Science starts to suggest that the current approaches might not be the most suitable tools of tackling consciousness. Therefore, in this paper, an approach that would be (...)
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  32. added 2018-02-10
    The Emergent Structure of Consciousness (Part II).Cosmin Visan - 2017 - Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research 8 (8):628-650.
    Current day Physics and Science in general are based on a computational quantitative-reductionist approach that even though highly successful, they not only still leave consciousness out, but they don’t appear to offer any key of how consciousness is even supposed to be integrated into the current scientific establishment. This delay of integrating consciousness into Science starts to suggest that the current approaches might not be the most suitable tools of tackling consciousness. Therefore, in this paper, an approach that would be (...)
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  33. added 2018-02-04
    L’Essenza Fenomenologica Della Relatività. Questioni di Confine Tra Husserl E Einstein.Giorgio Jules Mastrobisi - unknown
    THE PHENOMENOLOGICAL ESSENCE OF RELATIVITY. MATTERS CONCERNING THE BORDER BETWEEN HUSSERL AND EINSTEIN According to Hermann Weyl, Einstein’s Relativity Theory is a method that combines “analysis of essence” and “mathematical construction”. From this point of view, in this article I try to establish a parallelism between the formulation of Einstein’s Theory of Relativity and Husserl’s Phenomenology based on the comparison of the original texts and manuscripts. From this analysis, e.g. the conception of the gravitational field, as important result of the (...)
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  34. added 2017-12-12
    De-Eclipsing Common Sense: Why We See Near Rather Than Far in Roy Sorensen’s Eclipse Riddle.Gava Alessio - 2017 - Prolegomena 16 (1):55-72.
    According to Roy Sorensen, when one looks at the Moon, during a solar eclipse, what she sees is its inner part of the farther, reflective one, and not the always-facing-Earth side of our natural satellite. To make his point clearer, he put forward the famous example of a double eclipse involving the fictional planets Far and Near. From the observer’s vantage point, the two planets have the same apparent diameter and overlap. What the agent sees is a dark disk, but (...)
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  35. added 2017-11-23
    Structural Physics of Nuclear Fusion.Stoyan Sarg (ed.) - 2013 - USA: amazon.
    Remarkable advances in cold fusion, known also as LENR, raised the hope for a safer and cheaper nuclear energy. The results, however, cannot be explained from the point of view of current physical understanding of nuclear fusion. This is an obstacle for research investment in this field. The present book suggests a new approach for analysis of the experimental results and practical recommendations based on the models of atomic nuclei derived in the BSM-Supergravitation Unified theory (BSM-SG). The book provides: (1) (...)
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  36. added 2017-11-20
    Biquaternion Formulation of Relativistic Tensor Dynamics.E. P. J. De Haas - 2008 - Apeiron: Studies in Infinite Nature 15 (4):358-390.
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  37. added 2017-11-01
    The Black Hole.Robert L. Carroll - 1993 - Apeiron 17:18-20.
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  38. added 2017-10-23
    Programming Planck Units From a Virtual Electron; a Simulation Hypothesis (Summary).Malcolm Macleod - 2018 - Eur. Phys. J. Plus 133:278.
    The Simulation Hypothesis proposes that all of reality, including the earth and the universe, is in fact an artificial simulation, analogous to a computer simulation, and as such our reality is an illusion. In this essay I describe a method for programming mass, length, time and charge (MLTA) as geometrical objects derived from the formula for a virtual electron; $f_e = 4\pi^2r^3$ ($r = 2^6 3 \pi^2 \alpha \Omega^5$) where the fine structure constant $\alpha$ = 137.03599... and $\Omega$ = 2.00713494... (...)
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  39. added 2017-10-15
    A New Approach to General Relativity.Ali Rıza Şahin & Istanbul Turkey Gaziosmanpaşa - 2007 - Apeiron 14 (3):270.
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  40. added 2017-10-01
    Understanding the Retardation of the Returned Astronaut’s Clock and GPS Clocks Using the Physical Behaviour of Moving Light Clocks.Lance McCarthy - 2007 - Apeiron 14 (4):481.
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  41. added 2017-09-21
    Probabilistic Analysis of the Oseberg GBS Foundation Against Failure in Cyclic Loading.K. Ronold, H. O. Madsen & Thore Egeland - forthcoming - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs.
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  42. added 2017-09-21
    How to Be an Aristotelian With Respect to Contemporary Physics.Lukáš Novák - 2017 - Studia Neoaristotelica 14 (1):85-109.
    Haec tractatio est responsio critica ad tractationem Ludovici Groarke, titulo “Orbitae ellipticae, possintne Aristotelice explicari?”, necnon ad commentationem Jacobi Franklin, cui titulus “De orbitis ellipticis ac Aristotelica revolutione scientifica”. Auctor imprimis ostendit explanationem “Aristotelicam” orbitarum ellipticarum a L. Groarke propositam non solum analysi Newtonianae repugnare, sed etiam in se esse incohaerentem. Porro auctor alia L. Groarke proposita impugnat: scil. nostri temporis physicam mathematicam esse essentialiter Platonicam, item Newtonianam orbitarum ellipticarum explicationem assymetriam prae se ferre inexplicabilem. Auctor e contra arguit, textibus (...)
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  43. added 2017-09-21
    Forces and Fields.B. J. H. - 1961 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (2):343-343.
  44. added 2017-09-18
    Photon Impedance Match to a Single Free Electron.Peter Cameron - 2010 - Apeiron: Studies in Infinite Nature 17 (3):193-200.
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  45. added 2017-09-07
    The Problem of a Final Theory in Physics.Igor Nevvazhay - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 43:145-150.
    The problem of a final theory concern prospects of the contemporary science development. Arguments the adherents and opponents of the final theory idea appeal to philosophical and methodological beliefs. In my paper I am going, firstly, to analyze critically philosophical ideas lying on the basis of denying of the final theory project, and, secondly, to show that defense of that project demands reconsideration beliefs about a structure of a scientific theory and discussion a meaning of scientific laws.
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  46. added 2017-09-01
    Fundamental Physics and the Fine-Structure Constant.Michael A. Sherbon - 2017 - International Journal of Physical Research 5 (2):46-48.
    From the exponential function of Euler’s equation to the geometry of a fundamental form, a calculation of the fine-structure constant and its relationship to the proton-electron mass ratio is given. Equations are found for the fundamental constants of the four forces of nature: electromagnetism, the weak force, the strong force and the force of gravitation. Symmetry principles are then associated with traditional physical measures.
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  47. added 2017-06-21
    Popular Arguments for Einstein’s Special Theory of Relativity.Patrick Mackenzie - manuscript
    It is argued that two of the standard arguments that have been put forth in support of Einstein’s Special Theory of Relativity do not support that theory and are quite compatible with what might be called an updated and perhaps even an enlightened Newtonian view of the Universe.
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  48. added 2017-05-11
    Quantum Physics Seen from a Perspective of the Humanities.Yusuke Kaneko - 2017 - The Basis: The Annual Bulletin of ResearchCenter for Liberal Education (Musashino University) 7:171-193.
    Although written in Japanese, an overall picture of quantum physics is drawn, which would surely be useful for beginners as well as researchers of the humanities.
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  49. added 2017-04-11
    Combination of a Virtual Wave and the Reciprocity Theorem to Analyse Surface Wave Generation on a Transversely Isotropic Solid.J. D. Achenbach - 2005 - Philosophical Magazine 85 (33-35):4143-4157.
    At some distance from a high-rate source in an elastic half-space, the dominant wave motion at the free surface is a Rayleigh surface wave. The calculation of surface waves generated by a concentrated force in a half-space is a basic problem in elastodynamics. By straightforward manipulations, the result can be used to obtain surface waves for other kinds of wave-generating body-force arrangements. For example, appropriate combinations of double-forces (or dipoles) can be used to represent the surface loading due to laser (...)
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  50. added 2017-03-15
    Sobolev Regularity Via the Convergence Rate of Convolutions and Jensen's Inequality.Mark A. Peletier, Robert Planqué & Matthias Röger - 2007 - Annali della Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa 6 (4):499-510.
    We derive a new criterion for a real-valued function $u$ to be in the Sobolev space $W^{1,2}$. This criterion consists of comparing the value of a functional $\int f$ with the values of the same functional applied to convolutions of $u$ with a Dirac sequence. The difference of these values converges to zero as the convolutions approach $u$, and we prove that the rate of convergence to zero is connected to regularity: $u\in W^{1,2}$ if and only if the convergence is (...)
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1 — 50 / 417