Results for 'spectral representation of predicates'

997 found
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  1.  3
    Matijasevič Ju. V.. Diophantine Representation of Recursively Enumerable Predicates. Proceedings of the Second Scandinavian Logic Symposium, Edited by Fenstad J. E., Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics, Vol. 63, North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam and London 1971, Pp. 171–177. [REVIEW]Ann S. Ferebee - 1972 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 37 (3):606-606.
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  2.  7
    Review: Yu. V. Matijasevic, Diophantine Representation of Recursively Enumerable Predicates[REVIEW]Alonzo Church - 1972 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 37 (3):606-607.
  3.  9
    Review: Ju. V. Matijasevic, F. M. Goldware, Diophantine Representation of Enumerable Predicates[REVIEW]Martin Davis - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (3):605-605.
  4.  14
    Ú. V. Matiásévič. Diofantovo Prédstavlénié Péréčislimyh Prédikatov. Izvéstiá Akadémii Nauk SSSR, Sériá Matématičéskaá, Vol. 35 , Pp. 3–30. - Ju. V. Matijasevič. Diophantine Representation of Enumerable Predicates. English Translation of the Preceding by F. M. Goldware. Mathematics of the USSR, Izvestija, Vol. 5 , Pp. 1–28. [REVIEW]Martin Davis - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (3):605.
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  5.  3
    Review: Yu. V. Matijasevic, J. E. Fenstad, Diophantine Representation of Recursively Enumerable Predicates[REVIEW]Ann S. Ferebee - 1972 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 37 (3):606-606.
  6.  26
    Ein neuer beweis und eine verschärfung für den reduktionstyp ∀∃∀∞(0, 1) mit einer anwendung auf die spektrale darstellung Von prädikaten. [REVIEW]Michael Deutsch & M. Deutsch - 1992 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 38 (1):559-574.
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  7. From Simple Associations to Systematic Reasoning: A Connectionist Representation of Rules, Variables, and Dynamic Binding Using Temporal Synchrony.Lokendra Shastri & Venkat Ajjanagadde - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):417-51.
    Human agents draw a variety of inferences effortlessly, spontaneously, and with remarkable efficiency – as though these inferences were a reflexive response of their cognitive apparatus. Furthermore, these inferences are drawn with reference to a large body of background knowledge. This remarkable human ability seems paradoxical given the complexity of reasoning reported by researchers in artificial intelligence. It also poses a challenge for cognitive science and computational neuroscience: How can a system of simple and slow neuronlike elements represent a large (...)
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  8.  60
    A Representation of Quantum Measurement in Nonassociative Algebras.Gerd Niestegge - 2009 - Foundations of Physics 39 (2):120-136.
    Starting from an abstract setting for the Lüders-von Neumann quantum measurement process and its interpretation as a probability conditionalization rule in a non-Boolean event structure, the author derived a certain generalization of operator algebras in a preceding paper. This is an order-unit space with some specific properties. It becomes a Jordan operator algebra under a certain set of additional conditions, but does not own a multiplication operation in the most general case. A major objective of the present paper is the (...)
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  9.  4
    The Representation of Action in Italian Sign Language.Virginia Volterra, Pasquale Rinaldi, Chiara Bonsignori & Elena Tomasuolo - 2020 - Cognitive Linguistics 31 (1):1-36.
    The present study investigates the types of verb and symbolic representational strategies used by 10 deaf signing adults and 13 deaf signing children who described in Italian Sign Language 45 video clips representing nine action types generally communicated by five general verbs in spoken Italian. General verbs, in which the same sign was produced to refer to several different physical action types, were rarely used by either group of participants. Both signing children and adults usually produced specific depicting predicates (...)
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  10.  21
    On the Representation of Modality.Evelyn N. Ransom - 1977 - Linguistics and Philosophy 1 (3):357 - 379.
    In this paper I argue that noun complement modality cannot be treated as dependent on the meanings of lexical embedding predicates or of abstract performatives. Using two types of complement modalities, I show that their meanings and restrictions remain distinct and invariable regardless of the meanings of their embedding predicates. Then, using embedding predicates that can take both types of modalities, I show that the embedding predicates retain their meanings, regardless of the different modalities of their (...)
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  11. Spectral Representations.Mark Zangari & Dan Censor - 1997 - Synthese 112 (1):97-123.
    Is it possible to construct an alternative framework for the description of physical reality that is not based on space and time? According to Kant, because of the incorrigibility of the spatiotemporal scheme, the contents of any such alternative will be beyond our cognitive grasp. Nonetheless, the possibility of constructing such a descriptive scheme poses itself as an intriguing challenge. In this paper, we attempt to answer this challenge by exploiting an analytical tool extensively used by physicists and engineers: the (...)
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  12.  5
    Spectral Representations: An Alternative to the Spatiotemporal World View.Mark Zangari & Dan Censor - 1997 - Synthese 112 (1):97-123.
    Is it possible to construct an alternative framework for the description of physical reality that is not based on space and time? According to Kant, because of the incorrigibility of the spatiotemporal scheme, the contents of any such alternative will be beyond our cognitive grasp. Nonetheless, the possibility of constructing such a descriptive scheme poses itself as an intriguing challenge. In this paper, we attempt to answer this challenge by exploiting an analytical tool extensively used by physicists and engineers: the (...)
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  13.  40
    Spectral Bodies: Derrida and the Philosophy of the Photograph as Historical Document.Nick Peim - 2005 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 39 (1):67–84.
  14.  14
    Topological Representation of Intuitionistic and Distributive Abstract Logics.Andreas Bernhard Michael Brunner & Steffen Lewitzka - 2017 - Logica Universalis 11 (2):153-175.
    We continue work of our earlier paper :219–241, 2009) where abstract logics and particularly intuitionistic abstract logics are studied.logics can be topologized in a direct and natural way. This facilitates a topological study of classes of concrete logics whenever they are given in abstract form. Moreover, such a direct topological approach avoids the often complex algebraic and lattice-theoretic machinery usually applied to represent logics. Motivated by that point of view, we define in this paper the category of intuitionistic abstract logics (...)
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  15.  3
    Spectral Graph-Based Features for Recognition of Handwritten Characters: A Case Study on Handwritten Devanagari Numerals.Mohammad Idrees Bhat & B. Sharada - 2019 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 29 (1):799-813.
    Interpretation of different writing styles, unconstrained cursiveness and relationship between different primitive parts is an essential and challenging task for recognition of handwritten characters. As feature representation is inadequate, appropriate interpretation/description of handwritten characters seems to be a challenging task. Although existing research in handwritten characters is extensive, it still remains a challenge to get the effective representation of characters in feature space. In this paper, we make an attempt to circumvent these problems by proposing an approach that (...)
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  16.  25
    Applications of Conceptual Spaces : The Case for Geometric Knowledge Representation.Peter Gärdenfors & Frank Zenker (eds.) - 2015 - Springer Verlag.
    Why is a red face not really red? How do we decide that this book is a textbook or not? Conceptual spaces provide the medium on which these computations are performed, but an additional operation is needed: Contrast. By contrasting a reddish face with a prototypical face, one gets a prototypical ‘red’. By contrasting this book with a prototypical textbook, the lack of exercises may pop out. Dynamic contrasting is an essential operation for converting perceptions into predicates. The existence (...)
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  17.  49
    Introducing New Predicates to Model Scientific Revolution.Charles X. Ling - 1995 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 9 (1):19 – 36.
    Abstract The notion of necessary new terms (predicates) is proposed. It is shown that necessary new predicates in first?order logic must be directly, recursively defined. I present a first?order inductive learning algorithm that introduces new necessary predicates to model scientific revolution in which a new language is adopted. I demonstrate that my learning system can learn a genetic theory with theoretical terms which, after being induced by my system, can be interpreted as either types of genetic properties (...)
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  18. The Nature and Implementation of Representation in Biological Systems.Mike Collins - 2009 - Dissertation, City University of New York
    I defend a theory of mental representation that satisfies naturalistic constraints. Briefly, we begin by distinguishing (i) what makes something a representation from (ii) given that a thing is a representation, what determines what it represents. Representations are states of biological organisms, so we should expect a unified theoretical framework for explaining both what it is to be a representation as well as what it is to be a heart or a kidney. I follow Millikan in (...)
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  19.  29
    O– and D–Predicates: A Semantic Approach to the Unaccusative–Unergative Distinction.Ingrid Kaufmann - 1995 - Journal of Semantics 12 (4):377-427.
    In this paper a conceptually based distinction between two classes of semantic predicates is proposed D–prediates, which encode object definig properties, and O–predicates, which encode optional properties. While the distinction between the properties is conceptually motivated, the two corresponding predicate classes are defined with reference to a logically based notion of ‘(predicate)field’. It is argued that on the basis of this distinction the differences in the grammatical behaviour of unaccusaive and unergative verbs in German can be derived and (...)
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  20.  13
    Neuromimetic Semantics: Coordination, Quantification, and Collective Predicates.Harry Howard - 2004 - Elsevier.
    This book attempts to marry truth-conditional semantics with cognitive linguistics in the church of computational neuroscience. To this end, it examines the truth-conditional meanings of coordinators, quantifiers, and collective predicates as neurophysiological phenomena that are amenable to a neurocomputational analysis. Drawing inspiration from work on visual processing, and especially the simple/complex cell distinction in early vision (V1), we claim that a similar two-layer architecture is sufficient to learn the truth-conditional meanings of the logical coordinators and logical quantifiers. As a (...)
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  21.  90
    Pictures, Propositions, and Predicates.Dominic Gregory - 2020 - American Philosophical Quarterly 57 (2):155-170.
    Do representational pictures have propositional contents? The current paper argues that the characteristic contents of pictures are predicative rather than propositional: pictures characterise things as looking certain ways, and they thereby express properties of visual perspectives. The paper argues that the characteristic predicative contents of pictures are nonetheless able to feature in fully-fledged propositional contents once they are combined with contents of other suitable sorts. Various facts about communicative uses of pictures are then explained. The paper concludes by considering the (...)
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  22.  31
    Problem Representation for Refinement.Halil A. Guvenir & Varol Akman - 1992 - Minds and Machines 2 (3):267-282.
    In this paper we attempt to develop a problem representation technique which enables the decomposition of a problem into subproblems such that their solution in sequence constitutes a strategy for solving the problem. An important issue here is that the subproblems generated should be easier than the main problem. We propose to represent a set of problem states by a statement which is true for all the members of the set. A statement itself is just a set of atomic (...)
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  23.  25
    Essai de Représentation Par des Nombres Réels d'Une Analyse Infinite des Notions Individuelles Dans Une Infinité de Mondes Possibles.Miguel Sánchez-Mazas - 1989 - Argumentation 3 (1):75-96.
    The aim of this study is to try to make use of real numbers for representing an infinite analysis of individual notions in an infinity of possible worlds.As an introduction to the subject, the author shows, firstly, the possibility of representing Boole's lattice of universal notions by an associate Boole's lattice of rational numbers.But, in opposition to the universal notions, definable by a finite number of predicates, an individual notion, cannot admits this sort of definition, because each state of (...)
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  24. Analogy and Mental Representation: A Solution to the Mind-Body Problem Based on the Philosophy of Wilfrid Sellars.William W. Davis - 1981 - Dissertation, University of Kansas
    In this dissertation, I provide the logical foundation for a solution to the mind-body problem, a solution which is directly based upon Wilfrid Sellars' analogical theory of thought and sensation. Chapters I-IV are devoted to an interpretation, analysis, and constructive criticism of Sellars' notions of the inner thought episode and the sensing state. My analysis is offered in support of three general contentions: I argue that the postulation of inner thought episodes and sensing states is necessary for adequate explanations of (...)
     
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  25.  26
    Circumscriptive Theories: A Logic-Based Framework for Knowledge Representation[REVIEW]Vladimir Lifshitz - 1988 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 17 (4):391 - 441.
    The use of circumscription for formalizing commonsense knowledge and reasoning requires that a circumscription policy be selected for each particular application: we should specify which predicates are circumscribed, which predicates and functions are allowed to vary, and what priorities between the circumscribed predicates are established. The circumscription policy is usually described either informally or using suitable metamathematical notation. In this paper we propose a simple and general formalism which permits describing circumscription policies by axioms, included in the (...)
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  26. Absolutely Tasty: An Examination of Predicates of Personal Taste and Faultless Disagreement.Jeremy Wyatt - 2018 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 61 (3):252-280.
    Debates about the semantics and pragmatics of predicates of personal taste have largely centered on contextualist and relativist proposals. In this paper, I argue in favor of an alternative, absolutist analysis of PPT. Theorists such as Max Kölbel and Peter Lasersohn have argued that we should dismiss absolutism due to its inability to accommodate the possibility of faultless disagreement involving PPT. My aim in the paper is to show how the absolutist can in fact accommodate this possibility by drawing (...)
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  27.  16
    Spectral Complexity of Directed Graphs and Application to Structural Decomposition.Igor Mezić, Vladimir A. Fonoberov, Maria Fonoberova & Tuhin Sahai - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-18.
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  28. The Many Uses of Predicates of Taste and the Challenge From Disagreement.Dan Zeman - 2016 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 46 (1):79-101.
    In the debate between contextualism and relativism about predicates of taste, the challenge from disagreement (the objection that contextualism cannot account for disagreement in ordinary exchanges involving such predicates) has played a central role. This paper investigates one way of answering the challenge consisting on appeal to certain, less focused on, uses of predicates of taste. It argues that the said thread is unsatisfactory, in that it downplays certain exchanges that constitute the core disagreement data. Additionally, several (...)
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  29.  29
    Episodic Logic: A Comprehensive, Natural Representation for Language Understanding. [REVIEW]Chung Hee Hwang & Lenhart K. Schubert - 1993 - Minds and Machines 3 (4):381-419.
    A new comprehensive framework for narrative understanding has been developed. Its centerpiece is a new situational logic calledEpisodic Logic, a knowledge and semantic representation well-adapted to the interpretive and inferential needs of general NLU. The most distinctive features of EL is its natural language-like expressiveness. It allows for generalized quantifiers, lambda abstraction, sentence and predicate modifiers, sentence and predicate reification, intensional predicates, unreliable generalizations, and perhaps most importantly, explicit situational variables linked to arbitrary formulas that describe them. These (...)
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  30. The Sense and Reference of Predicates: A Running Repair to Frege's Doctrine and a Plea for the Copula.David Wiggins - 1984 - Philosophical Quarterly 34 (136):311-328.
  31.  14
    EEG Spectral Analysis of Attention in ADHD: Implications for Neurofeedback Training?Hartmut Heinrich, Katrin Busch, Petra Studer, Karlheinz Erbe, Gunther H. Moll & Oliver Kratz - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  32.  22
    The Representation of Agents in Auditory Verbal Hallucinations.Sam Wilkinson & Vaughan Bell - 2016 - Mind and Language 31 (1):104-126.
    Current models of auditory verbal hallucinations tend to focus on the mechanisms underlying their occurrence, but often fail to address the content of the auditory experience. In other words, they tend to ask why there are AVHs at all, instead of asking why, given that there are AVHs, they have the properties that they have. One such property, which has been largely overlooked and which we will focus on here, is why the voices are often experienced as coming from agents, (...)
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  33.  92
    Neg-Raising and Polarity.Jon Robert Gajewski - 2007 - Linguistics and Philosophy 30 (3):289-328.
    The representation of Neg-Raising in the grammar is a matter of controversy. I provide evidence for representing Neg-Raising as a kind of presupposition associated with certain predicates by providing a detailed analysis of NPI-licensing in Neg-Raising contexts. Specific features of presupposition projection are used to explain the licensing of strict NPIs under Neg-Raising predicates. Discussion centers around the analysis of a licensing asymmetry noted in Horn (1971, Negative transportation: Unsafe at any speed? In CLS 7 (pp. 120–133)).Having (...)
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  34.  30
    Representation of Principled Connections: A Window Onto the Formal Aspect of Common Sense Conception.Sandeep Prasada & Elaine M. Dillingham - 2009 - Cognitive Science 33 (3):401-448.
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  35.  24
    The Representation of Egocentric Space in the Posterior Parietal Cortex.J. F. Stein - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (4):691-700.
  36. Spectral Statistics of the Rectangular Billiard with a Flux Line.Saar Rahav & Shmuel Fishman - 2001 - Foundations of Physics 31 (1):115-146.
    The density of states of a rectangular billiard with an Aharonov–Bohm flux line in its center was calculated in the semiclassical approximation and was used for the calculation of the form factor in the diagonal approximation. The distribution of nearest level spacings and the form factor were calculated also numerically. For some values of the flux these were found to be close to the ones of the semi-Poisson statistics. The difference between the numerical results and the semiclassical ones were found (...)
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  37. Spectral Stabilization of High Efficiency Diode Bars by External Bragg Resonator.George Venus, Armen Sevian & Leonid Glebov - 2005 - In Alan F. Blackwell & David MacKay (eds.), Power. Cambridge University Press. pp. 10--20.
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  38.  15
    Spectral Distribution of Photons Admitting Ambiguous Statistics.C. Wolf - 1999 - Apeiron 6:217-221.
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  39.  37
    Categorization and Representation of Physics Problems by Experts and Novices.M. T. H. Chi, P. J. Feltovich & R. Glaser - 1981 - Cognitive Science 5 (2):121-52.
    The representation of physics problems in relation to the organization of physics knowledge is investigated in experts and novices. Four experiments examine the existence of problem categories as a basis for representation; differences in the categories used by experts and novices; differences in the knowledge associated with the categories; and features in the problems that contribute to problem categorization and representation. Results from sorting tasks and protocols reveal that experts and novices begin their problem representations with specifiably (...)
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  40.  50
    Spatial Representation of Pitch Height: The SMARC Effect.E. Rusconi, B. Kwan, B. Giordano, C. Umilta & B. Butterworth - 2006 - Cognition 99 (2):113-129.
  41. The Representation of Life.Michael Thompson - 1995 - In Rosalind Hursthouse, Gavin Lawrence & Warren Quinn (eds.), Virtues and Reasons. Clarendon Press. pp. 247--296.
     
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  42. Additive Representation of Separable Preferences Over Infinite Products.Marcus Pivato - 2014 - Theory and Decision 77 (1):31-83.
    Let X\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\mathcal{X }$$\end{document} be a set of outcomes, and let I\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\mathcal{I }$$\end{document} be an infinite indexing set. This paper shows that any separable, permutation-invariant preference order \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$$$\end{document} on XI\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\mathcal{X }^\mathcal{I }$$\end{document} admits an additive representation. That is: there exists a linearly ordered abelian group (...)
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  43.  27
    The Totality of Predicates and the Possibility of the Most Real Being.Srećko Kovač - 2018 - Journal of Applied Logics - The IfCoLog Journal of Logics and Their Applications 5 (7):1523-1552.
    We claim that Kant's doctrine of the "transcendental ideal of pure reason" contains, in an anticipatory sense, a second-order theory of reality (as a second-order property) and of the highest being. Such a theory, as reconstructed in this paper, is a transformation of Kant's metatheoretical regulative and heuristic presuppositions of empirical theories into a hypothetical ontotheology. We show that this metaphysical theory, in distinction to Descartes' and Leibniz's ontotheology, in many aspects resembles Gödel's theoretical conception of the possibility of a (...)
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  44. On the Representation of Context.Robert Stalnaker - 1998 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 7 (1):3-19.
    This paper revisits some foundational questions concerning the abstract representation of a discourse context. The context of a conversation is represented by a body of information that is presumed to be shared by the participants in the conversation – the information that the speaker presupposes a point at which a speech act is interpreted. This notion is designed to represent both the information on which context-dependent speech acts depend, and the situation that speech acts are designed to affect, and (...)
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  45.  40
    The Representation of Social Actors in Corporate Codes of Ethics. How Code Language Positions Internal Actors.Ingo Winkler - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 101 (4):653-665.
    This article understands codes of ethics as written documents that represent social actors in specific ways through the use of language. It presents an empirical study that investigated the codes of ethics of the German Dax30 companies. The study adopted a critical discourse analysis-approach in order to reveal how the code-texts produce a particular understanding of the various internal social groups for the readers. Language is regarded as social practice that functions at creating particular understandings of individuals and groups, how (...)
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  46.  95
    The Representation of Popper Measures.Wolfgang Spohn - 1986 - Topoi 5 (1):69-74.
  47.  34
    Under-Representation of Developing Countries in the Research Literature: Ethical Issues Arising From a Survey of Five Leading Medical Journals.Athula Sumathipala, Sisira Siribaddana & Vikram Patel - 2004 - BMC Medical Ethics 5 (1):5.
    BackgroundIt is widely acknowledged that there is a global divide on health care and health research known as the 10/90 divide.MethodsA retrospective survey of articles published in the BMJ, Lancet, NEJM, Annals of Internal Medicine & JAMA in a calendar year to examine the contribution of the developing world to medical literature. We categorized countries into four regions: UK, USA, Other Euro-American countries and . OEAC were European countries other than the UK but including Australia, New Zealand and Canada. RoW (...)
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  48. The Dynamic Representation of Scenes.Ronald A. Rensink - 2000 - Visual Cognition.
    One of the more powerful impressions created by vision is that of a coherent, richly-detailed world where everything is present simultaneously. Indeed, this impression is so compelling that we tend to ascribe these properties not only to the external world, but to our internal representations as well. But results from several recent experiments argue against this latter ascription. For example, changes in images of real-world scenes often go unnoticed when made during a saccade, flicker, blink, or movie cut. This "change (...)
     
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  49. Entanglement of Pure States.Stig Stenholm - 2009 - Foundations of Physics 39 (6):642-655.
    We consider the concept of entanglement for pure cases of finite dimensional state spaces. The criterion of unentangled states is related to demanding rank one of an associated eigenvalue problem. In addition to the conventional procedure based on the Schmidt decomposition, we devise a method based on the spectral resolution of unsymmetric matrices. In particular, we consider the case when all eigenvalues are zero, and find that the method still works.
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  50.  32
    Bayesian Representation of a Prolonged Archaeological Debate.Efraim Wallach - 2018 - Synthese 195 (1):401-431.
    This article examines the effect of material evidence upon historiographic hypotheses. Through a series of successive Bayesian conditionalizations, I analyze the extended competition among several hypotheses that offered different accounts of the transition between the Bronze Age and the Iron Age in Palestine and in particular to the “emergence of Israel”. The model reconstructs, with low sensitivity to initial assumptions, the actual outcomes including a complete alteration of the scientific consensus. Several known issues of Bayesian confirmation, including the problem of (...)
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