This category needs an editor. We encourage you to help if you are qualified.
Volunteer, or read more about what this involves.
Related categories
Subcategories:
1303 found
Search inside:
(import / add options)   Sort by:
1 — 50 / 1303
Material to categorize
  1. E. Adams (1992). Grice on Indicative Conditionals. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly:83-102.
    Grice's arguments that ordinary language indicative conditionals are logically equivalent to material conditionals are criticized. It is agreed that 'indirectness conditions' going beyond the material conditional can "sometimes" be detached' from ordinary language conditionals, but it is argued that this is not always possible. An example in which a speaker who knows that some mushrooms are non-poisonous tells a hearer "if you eat those mushrooms you will be poisoned", causing the hearer not to eat the mushrooms, is discussed, and it (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Ernest Adams (1981). Truth, Proof and Conditionals. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 62 (4):323.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Ernest W. Adams (1993). On the Rightness of Certain Counterfactuals. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 74 (1):1-10.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Ernest W. Adams (1970). Subjunctive and Indicative Conditionals. Foundations of Language 6 (1):89-94.
    The purpose of this note is to dispute Michael Ayers' claim that "there is no special problem of subjunctive conditionals".
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Peter Alexander & Mary Hesse (1962). Subjunctive Conditionals. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 36:185-214.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Anthony Appiah (1991). Conditionals. International Studies in Philosophy 23 (1):124-125.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. H. Arló Costa (1996). Iterated Epistemic Conditionals. In Krister Segerberg (ed.), The Parikh Project. Seven Papers in Honour of Rohit. Uppsala Prints & Preprints in Philosophy.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Ana Arregui (2010). Detaching If-Clauses From Should. Natural Language Semantics 18 (3):241-293.
    This paper investigates some aspects of the semantics of deontic should-conditionals. The main objective is to understand which actual world facts make deontic statements true. The starting point for the investigation is a famous puzzle known as Chisholm’s Paradox. It is important because making sense of the data in Chisholm-style examples involves arriving at some conclusion regarding the interaction between what we consider ideal and what is actually true. I give an account of how facts affect the evaluation of should (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Ana Arregui (2007). When Aspect Matters: The Case of Would-Conditionals. [REVIEW] Natural Language Semantics 15 (3):221-264.
    Differences in the interpretation of would-conditionals with simple (perfective) and perfect antecedent clauses are marked enough to discourage a unified view. However, this paper presents a unified, Lewis–Stalnaker style semantics for the modal in such constructions. Differences in the interpretation of the conditionals are derived from the interaction between the interpretation of different types of aspect and the modal. The paper makes a distinction between perfective and perfect aspect in terms of whether they make reference to or quantify over Lewis-style (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. L. K. B. (1958). Modus Operandi. Review of Metaphysics 11 (3):516-516.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. J. Baratgin, D. Over & G. Politzer (2014). New Psychological Paradigm for Conditionals and General de Finetti Tables. Mind and Language 29 (1):73-84.
    The new Bayesian paradigm in the psychology of reasoning aims to integrate the study of human reasoning, decision making, and rationality. It is supported by two findings. One, most people judge the probability of the indicative conditional, P(if A then B), to be the conditional probability, P(B|A), as implied by the Ramsey test. Two, they judge if A then B to be void when A is false. Their three-valued response table used to be called ‘defective’, but should be termed the (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Jean Baratgin, G. Politzer & D. P. Over, The Psychology of Indicative Conditionals and Conditional Bets.
    There is a new Bayesian, or probabilistic, paradigm in the psychology of reasoning, with new psychological accounts of the indicative conditional of natural language. In psychological experiments in this new paradigm, people judge that the probability of the indicative conditional, P(if A then C), is the conditional probability of C given A, P(C | A). In other experiments, participants respond with what has been called the 'de- fective' truth table: they judge that if A then C is true when A (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Stephen J. Barker (1994). The Consequent-Entailment Problem Foreven If. Linguistics and Philosophy 17 (3):249 - 260.
    A comprehensive theory ofeven if needs to account for consequent ‘entailing’even ifs and in particular those of theif-focused variety. This is where the theory ofeven if ceases to be neutral between conditional theories. I have argued thatif-focusedeven ifs,especially if andonly if can only be accounted for through the suppositional theory ofif. Furthermore, a particular interpretation of this theory — the conditional assertion theory — is needed to account foronly if and a type of metalinguistic negation ofQ if P. We therefore (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Jonathan Bennett (2001). Conditionals and Explanations Jonathan Bennett. In Alex Byrne, Robert Stalnaker & Ralph Wedgwood (eds.), Fact and Value. Mit Press. 1.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Johan Benthem (1984). Foundations of Conditional Logic. Journal of Philosophical Logic 13 (3):303 - 349.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. A. Blum (1986). [Symbol]' AND 'If... then.. Logique Et Analyse 29 (13):111.
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. William Boardman, Nomic Dependencies & Contrary-to-Fact Conditionals.
    Consider Dretske's measles example (from page 74 in his Knowldege and the Flow of Information (MIT/Bradford: 1981) ): since the question of whether Alice's being one of Herman's children carries the information that she has the measles is a question about conditional probabilities, we must be careful about our specification of the condition, the antecedent. Although we are to suppose that it is a true generalization that all of Herman's children have the measles, since that is a coincidence, we can (...)
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Julian Boyd (1986). Subjunctive-Equivalent. Semiotics:217-223.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Julian Boyd (1986). Subjunctive-Equivalent "Should" and Interpretation. Semiotics:217-223.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Richard Bradley (1998). A Representation Theorem for a Decision Theory with Conditionals. Synthese 116 (2):187-229.
    This paper investigates the role of conditionals in hypothetical reasoning and rational decision making. Its main result is a proof of a representation theorem for preferences defined on sets of sentences (and, in particular, conditional sentences), where an agent’s preference for one sentence over another is understood to be a preference for receiving the news conveyed by the former. The theorem shows that a rational preference ordering of conditional sentences determines probability and desirability representations of the agent’s degrees of belief (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Martin D. S. Braine (1979). On Some Claims Aboutif-Then. Linguistics and Philosophy 3 (1):35 - 47.
    The paper has sought to show two things. One is that the apparent variety of Stalnaker and Lewis's counterexamples is misleading. Several of their examples are quite unsatisfactory because they depend on unguarded language behavior. There is in fact only one type of counterexample that is worth serious discussion, and that has the form of Barense's.For Barense's example, I try to show that it fails as a counterexample to transitivity because one of the premisses is false within the context of (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Andrew Brennan, Necessary and Sufficient Conditions. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Describes the received theory of necessary and sufficient conditions, explains some standard objections to it, and lays out alternative ways of thinking about conditions and conditionals.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Bryson Brown (1992). Struggling With Conditionals. Dialogue 31 (02):327-.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Christopher Bryant (1981). Conditional Murderers. Analysis 41 (4):209 - 215.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. J. Bryant (1977). Dale on the transitivity of "if-then". Logique Et Analyse 20 (79):348.
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Richard A. Burns & Frances A. Nesbitt (1990). A Test for S-S Associations in a Conditional Counting Task. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (5):441-444.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Ruth Mj Byrne, Philip N. Johnson-Laird, M. Oaksford & N. Chater (2010). Conditionals and Possibilities. In M. Oaksford & N. Chater (eds.), Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thought. Oxford University Press.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Philip G. Calabrese (2005). Toward a More Natural Expression of Quantum Logic with Boolean Fractions. Journal of Philosophical Logic 34 (4):363 - 401.
    This paper uses a non-distributive system of Boolean fractions (a|b), where a and b are 2-valued propositions or events, to express uncertain conditional propositions and conditional events. These Boolean fractions, 'a if b' or 'a given b', ordered pairs of events, which did not exist for the founders of quantum logic, can better represent uncertain conditional information just as integer fractions can better represent partial distances on a number line. Since the indeterminacy of some pairs of quantum events is due (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Peter Carruthers & Anthony Appiah (1986). Assertion and Conditionals. Philosophical Quarterly 36 (145):566.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Nancy Cartwright (2007). 10 Counterfactuals in Economics: A Commentary. In J. K. Campbell, M. O'Rourke & H. S. Silverstein (eds.), Causation and Explanation. Mit Press. 4--191.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Hector Neri Castaneda (1958). Are Conditionals Principles of Inference? Analysis 18 (4):77 - 82.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. C. Chakraborti (1998). Some Remarks On Ernest Adams' Theory Of Indicative Conditionals. Indian Philosophical Quarterly 25 (4):495-510.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Timothy Chambers (1994). Note on a Contentious Conditional. Lyceum 6:50-54.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Nate Charlow (2013). Conditional Preferences and Practical Conditionals. Linguistics and Philosophy 36 (6):463-511.
    I argue that taking the Practical Conditionals Thesis seriously demands a new understanding of the semantics of such conditionals. Practical Conditionals Thesis: A practical conditional [if A][ought] expresses B’s conditional preferability given A Paul Weirich has argued that the conditional utility of a state of affairs B on A is to be identified as the degree to which it is desired under indicative supposition that A. Similarly, exploiting the PCT, I will argue that the proper analysis of indicative practical conditionals (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. O. Chateaubriand (2004). Counterfactuals: Reply to Claudio Pizzi. Manuscrito 27 (1):65-77.
    After some preliminary remarks in §1, I argue in §2 that Claudio’s considerations about my treatment of Quine’s Bizet-Verdi counterfactuals do not constitute a difficulty for the structural analysis of such counterfactuals. I discuss some of his other examples and argue that counterfactuals are ambiguous both structurally and contextually. I conclude with an examination of the principle of transitivity for counterfactuals.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Mike Oaksford & Chater & Nick (2010). Cognition and Conditionals: An Introduction. In Mike Oaksford & Nick Chater (eds.), Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thinking. Oup Oxford.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Brian F. Chellas (1975). Basic Conditional Logic. Journal of Philosophical Logic 4 (2):133 - 153.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Emmanuel Chemla (2011). Expressible Semantics for Expressible Counterfactuals. Review of Symbolic Logic 4 (1):63-80.
    Lewis (1981) showed the equivalence between two dominant semantic frameworks for counterfactuals: ordering semantics, which relies on orders between possible worlds, and premise semantics, which relies on sets of propositions (so-called ordering sources). I define a natural, restricted version of premise semantics, expressible premise semantics, which is based on ordering sources containing only expressible propositions. First, I extend Lewis’ (1981) equivalence result to expressible premise semantics and some corresponding expressible version of ordering semantics. Second, I show that expressible semantics are (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Roderick M. Chisholm (1955). Law Statements and Counterfactual Inference. Analysis 15 (5):97 - 105.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Joseph T. Clark (1952). Debates on the Conditional. Philosophical Studies of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 3:28-31.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Joseph T. Clark (1952). Truth-Functional Conditionals. Philosophical Studies of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 3:27-28.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Romane Clark (1991). David H. Sanford, If P, Then Q: Conditionals and the Foundations of Reasoning Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 11 (2):131-133.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Charles K. Cobb (1967). Legal Statements as Conditional Directives. Mind 76 (304):493 - 512.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. G. Crocco, Luis Fariänas del Cerro & Andreas Herzig (1995). Conditionals From Philosophy to Computer Science. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Benjamin L. Curtis (2008). Barely True Subjunctive Conditionals and Anti-Realism. Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations 7.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. A. J. Dale (1974). A Defence of Material Implication. Analysis 34 (3):91 - 95.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Maria Luisa Dalla Chiara (1992). Possible Worlds, Counterfactuals, and Epistemic Operators. In Cristina Bicchieri, Dalla Chiara & Maria Luisa (eds.), Knowledge, Belief, and Strategic Interaction. Cambridge University Press.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Richard Brian Davis (1997). Zagzebski and Interesting Counterpossibles. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 71:125-136.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Timothy Joseph Day (1991). Review: Reasoning with Conditionals. [REVIEW] Behavior and Philosophy 19 (2):103 - 107.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Mauro Nasti De Vincentis (2004). From Aristotle's Syllogistic to Stoic Conditionals: Holzwege or Detectable Paths? Topoi 23 (1):113-137.
    This paper is chiefly aimed at individuating some deep, but as yet almost unnoticed, similarities between Aristotle's syllogistic and the Stoic doctrine of conditionals, notably between Aristotle's metasyllogistic equimodality condition (as stated at APr. I 24, 41b27–31) and truth-conditions for third type (Chrysippean) conditionals (as they can be inferred from, say, S.E. P. II 111 and 189). In fact, as is shown in §1, Aristotle's condition amounts to introducing in his (propositional) metasyllogistic a non-truthfunctional implicational arrow '', the truth-conditions of (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1303