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Bernard Gert [118]Bernard M. Gert [2]
  1.  54
    Bernard Gert (1998). Morality: Its Nature and Justification. Oxford University Press.
    This book offers the fullest and most sophisticated account of Gert's influential moral theory, a model first articulated in the classic work The Moral Rules: A New Rational Foundation for Morality, published in 1970. In this final revision, Gert makes clear that the moral rules are only one part of an informal system that does not provide unique answers to every moral question but does always provide a range of morally acceptable options. A new chapter on reasons includes an account (...)
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  2.  23
    Bernard Gert (2006). Bioethics: A Systematic Approach. Oxford University Press.
    This book is the result of over 30 years of collaboration among its authors. It uses the systematic account of our common morality developed by one of its authors to provide a useful foundation for dealing with the moral problems and disputes that occur in the practice of medicine. The analyses of impartiality, rationality, and of morality as a public system not only explain why some bioethical questions, such as the moral acceptability of abortion, cannot be resolved, but also provide (...)
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  3.  47
    Bernard Gert (2004/2007). Common Morality: Deciding What to Do. Oxford University Press.
    Moral problems do not always come in the form of great social controversies. More often, the moral decisions we make are made quietly, constantly, and within the context of everyday activities and quotidian dilemmas. Indeed, these smaller decisions are based on a moral foundation that few of us ever stop to think about but which guides our every action. Here distinguished philosopher Bernard Gert presents a clear and concise introduction to what he calls "common morality" -- the moral system that (...)
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  4.  16
    Bernard Gert (1997). Bioethics: A Return to Fundamentals. Oxford University Press.
    An updated and expanded successor to Culver and Gert's Philosophy in Medicine, this book integrates moral philosophy with clinical medicine to present a comprehensive summary of the theory, concepts, and lines of reasoning underlying the ...
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  5.  26
    Bernard Gert (1988). Morality: A New Justification of the Moral Rules. Oxford University Press.
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  6. Bernard Gert, The Definition of Morality. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  7. Bernard Gert & Charles M. Culver (2004). The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  8. Bernard Gert (1967). Hobbes and Psychological Egoism. Journal of the History of Ideas 28 (4):503-520.
    Hobbes has served for both philosophers and political scientists as the paradigm case of someone who held an egoistic view of human nature. In this article I shall attempt to show that the almost unanimous view that Hobbes held psychological egoism is mistaken, and further that Hobbes's political theory does not demand an egoistic psychology, but on the contrary is incompatible with psychological egoism. I do not maintain that Hobbes was completely consistent; in fact, I shall show that there was (...)
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  9. Bernard Gert (1998). Morality: Its Nature and Justification. Oxford University Press Usa.
    For more than thirty years, philosopher Bernard Gert has been developing and refining his distinctive and comprehensive moral theory. His classic work, The Moral Rules: A New Rational Foundation for Morality, was first published in 1970. In 1988, Oxford published a fourth revision titled Morality: A New Justification of the Moral Rules. In this final revision, Gert has produced the fullest and most sophisticated account of this influential theoretical model. Here, he makes clear that morality is an informal system that (...)
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  10.  30
    Bernard Gert (1972). The Possibility of Altruism. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 69 (12):340-344.
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  11.  8
    Bernard Gert (1970). The Moral Rules. New York,Harper & Row.
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  12.  54
    Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver & K. Danner Clouser (2000). Common Morality Versus Specified Principlism: Reply to Richardson. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (3):308 – 322.
    In his article 'Specifying, balancing and interpreting bioethical principles' (Richardson, 2000), Henry Richardson claims that the two dominant theories in bioethics - principlism, put forward by Beauchamp and Childress in Principles of Bioethics , and common morality, put forward by Gert, Culver and Clouser in Bioethics: A Return to Fundamentals - are deficient because they employ balancing rather than specification to resolve disputes between principles or rules. We show that, contrary to Richardson's claim, the major problem with principlism, either the (...)
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  13. Bernard Gert (2010). Moral Disagreement Concerning Abortion. Diametros 26:23-43.
    I use the example of abortion to show that there are some unresolvable moral disagreements. I list four sources of unresolvable moral disagreement: 1) differences in the rankings of the basic evils of death, pain, disability, loss of freedom, and loss of pleasure, 2) differences in the interpretation of moral rules, 3) ideological differences in the view of human nature and human societies, and 4) differences concerning who is impartially protected by the moral rules. It is this last difference that (...)
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  14. Bernard Gert (1965). Hobbes, Mechanism, and Egoism. Philosophical Quarterly 15 (61):341-349.
  15. Bernard Gert (2005). Morality: Its Nature and Justification. Oxford University Press Usa.
    Bernard Gert's classic work Morality, in which he argues his distinctive and comprehensive moral theory, is now in its sixth edition. Although his moral theory is sophisticated, it is presented with a clarity that will appeal to undergraduate and graduate students alike, as well as anyone with a general interest in applied ethics.
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  16.  87
    Bernard Gert (1990). A Critique of Principlism. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (2):219-236.
    The authors use the term "principlism" to refer to the practice of using "principles" to replace both moral theory and particular moral rules and ideals in dealing with the moral problems that arise in medical practice. The authors argue that these "principles" do not function as claimed, and that their use is misleading both practically and theoretically. The "principles" are in fact not guides to action, but rather they are merely names for a collection of sometimes superficially related matters for (...)
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  17.  32
    Bernard Gert (1999). Common Morality and Computing. Ethics and Information Technology 1 (1):53-60.
    This article shows how common morality can be helpful in clarifying the discussion of ethical issues that arise in computing. Since common morality does not always provide unique answers to moral questions, not all such issues can be resolved, however common morality does provide a clear answer to the question whether one can illegally copy software for a friend.
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  18.  28
    Bernard Gert (2005). Moral Arrogance and Moral Theories. Philosophical Issues 15 (1):368–385.
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  19. Bernard Gert (2005). Morality: Its Nature and Justification. Oxford University Press Usa.
    Bernard Gert's classic work Morality, in which he argues his distinctive and comprehensive moral theory, is now in its sixth edition. Gert argues that morality is an informal system that does not provide answers to every moral question but does always limit the range of morally acceptable options and so explains why some moral questions cannot be resolved. Gert describes the two-step procedure that is used in moral decisions and judgments, and he shows that moral rules cannot be understood independently (...)
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  20. Bernard Gert (2010). Hobbes. Polity.
    Thomas Hobbes was the first great English political philosopher. His work excited intense controversy among his contemporaries and continues to do so in our own time. In this masterly introduction to his work, Bernard Gert provides the first account of Hobbes’s political and moral philosophy that makes it clear why he is regarded as one of the best philosophers of all time in both of these fields. In a succinct and engaging analysis the book illustrates that the commonly accepted view (...)
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  21.  45
    Bernard Gert, James A. Martin & P. T. Geach (1973). Outcomes and Abilities. Analysis 33 (6):188 - 192.
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  22.  43
    Bernard Gert (1986). Wittgenstein's Private Language Arguments. Synthese 68 (3):409-39.
  23.  33
    Bernard Gert (2006). Response to Dan Wueste. Teaching Ethics 7 (1):111-113.
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  24.  5
    James L. Bernat, Charles M. Culver & Bernard Gert (1982). Defining Death in Theory and Practice. Hastings Center Report 12 (1):5-9.
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  25. Bernard Gert (1973). The Moral Rules a New Rational Foundation for Morality.
     
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  26.  12
    K. Danner Clouser, Charles M. Culver & Bernard Gert (1981). Malady: A New Treatment of Disease. Hastings Center Report 11 (3):29-37.
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  27.  20
    Bernard Gert (1992). Morality, Moral Theory, and Applied and Professional Ethics. Professional Ethics, a Multidisciplinary Journal 1 (1-2):5-24.
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  28.  15
    Bernard Gert (2006). Response to Wade Robison. Teaching Ethics 7 (1):101-105.
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  29.  40
    Bernard Gert & Charles M. Culver (1976). Paternalistic Behavior. Philosophy and Public Affairs 6 (1):45-57.
  30.  19
    Bernard Gert (2006). Response to Michael Pritchard. Teaching Ethics 7 (1):107-110.
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  31.  20
    Bernard Gert (1984). Moral Theory and Applied Ethics. The Monist 67 (4):532-548.
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  32.  2
    Bernard Gert (1996). 7 Hobbes's Psychology. In Tom Sorell (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Hobbes. Cambridge University Press 157.
  33.  15
    Bernard Gert (1990). Rationality, Human Nature, and Lists. Ethics 100 (2):279-300.
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  34.  2
    Bernard Gert (2010). Hobbes. In John Skorupski (ed.), International Philosophical Quarterly. Routledge 481-483.
    Thomas Hobbes was the first great English political philosopher. His work excited intense controversy among his contemporaries and continues to do so in our own time. In this masterly introduction to his work, Bernard Gert provides the first account of Hobbes’s political and moral philosophy that makes it clear why he is regarded as one of the best philosophers of all time in both of these fields. In a succinct and engaging analysis the book illustrates that the commonly accepted view (...)
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  35.  10
    Bernard Gert (1996). The Rational and the Moral Order: The Social Roots of Reason and Morality by Kurt Baier. Journal of Philosophy 93 (1):37-40.
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  36. Bernard Gert (2004). Moral Disagreement and Abortion. Australian Journal of Professional and Applied Ethics 6 (1).
     
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  37.  40
    Bernard Gert & Timothy J. Duggan (1979). Free Will as the Ability to Will. Noûs 13 (2):197-217.
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  38.  14
    Bernard Gert (1999). Morally Relevant Features. Metaphilosophy 30 (1&2):13-24.
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  39.  65
    Bernard Gert (2010). F. M. Kamm, Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harms (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007) Pp. X + 509. [REVIEW] Utilitas 22 (2):234-238.
  40.  12
    Bernard Gert (2006). Response to Kerry Romesburg. Teaching Ethics 7 (1):115-117.
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  41.  4
    Bernard Gert (2001). Replies. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (2):463–481.
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  42.  20
    Bernard Gert (2006). Making the Morally Relevant Features Explicit: A Response to Carson Strong. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 16 (1):59-71.
    : Carson Strong criticizes the application of my moral theory to bioethics cases. Some of his criticisms are due to my failure to make explicit that both the irrationality or rationality of a decision and the irrationality or rationality of the ranking of evils are part of morally relevant feature 3. Other criticisms are the result of his not using the two-step procedure in a sufficiently rigorous way. His claim that I come up with a wrong answer depends upon his (...)
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  43.  36
    Bernard Gert & Charles M. Culver (1979). The Justification of Paternalism. Ethics 89 (2):199-210.
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  44.  9
    Bernard Gert (1990). Irrationality and the DSM-III-R Definition of Mental Disorder. Analyse & Kritik 12 (1):34-46.
    I provide an account of irrationality that takes the concept of an irrational action as more basic than that of an irrational belief. While explaining the various elements of the DSM-III-R definition of mental disorders, I show that even though not all mental disorders involve irrational beliefs or delusions, not all irrational actions are due to mental disorders, and not all mental disorders lead to irrational actions, there is a close conceptual connection between irrationality and mental disorders because both involve (...)
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  45.  9
    Timothy J. Duggan & Bernard Gert (1979). Free Will as the Ability to Will. Noûs 13 (2):197-217.
  46.  30
    Bernard Gert & James A. Martin (1973). 'What a Man Does He Can Do'? Analysis 33 (5):168 - 173.
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  47.  33
    Bernard Gert (1988). The Law of Nature as the Moral Law. Hobbes Studies 1 (1):26-44.
    Although Hobbes talks about the laws of nature as prescribing the virtues, it is easier to think of them as proscribing the vices. The nine vices that are proscribed by the laws of nature are injustice, ingratitude, greed or inhumanity, vindictiveness , cruelty, incivility or contumely, pride, arrogance, and unfairness . The corresponding virtues that are prescribed by the laws of nature are justice, gratitude, humanity or complaisance, mercy, , civility, humility, , modesty, and equity. The difficulty of coming up (...)
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  48.  1
    Bernard Gert, James L. Bernat & R. Peter Mogielnicki (1994). Distinguishing Between Patients' Refusals and Requests. Hastings Center Report 24 (4):13-15.
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  49.  48
    Bernard Gert (1969). Justifying Violence. Journal of Philosophy 66 (19):616-628.
  50.  5
    Bernard Gert (1993). Transplants and Trolleys. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (1):173 - 179.
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