Results for 'system transition'

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  1.  29
    An Integrative View of Meta-System Transition.Charles Francois - 1995 - World Futures 45 (1):173-179.
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  2.  14
    Secular Dealignment and Party System Transition in Malaysia.Abdul Rashid Moten - 2013 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 14 (4):473-497.
    The Malaysian electoral behaviour has for some time reflected the thesis. Since 1999, however, there has been a marked shift towards . Analyses of electoral and survey data reveal that although a significant number of Malaysian voters remained attached to the party they identified with, most of the electorate, however, are swayed by short-term factors. Though the economic issues played a role in the three elections, it is the leadership of the parties supplemented by the use of mass media that (...)
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  3.  2
    External Noise and External Signal Induced Transition of Gene Switch and Coherence Resonance in the Genetic Regulatory System.Chu-Sheng Huang, Tao Dong, Min Luo & Jian-Cheng Shi - 2017 - Acta Biotheoretica 65 (2):135-150.
    The transition of gene switch induced by external noises and external signals is investigated in the genetic regulatory system. Results show that the state-to-state transition of gene switch as well as resonant behaviors, such as the explicit coherence resonance, implicit coherence resonance and control parameter coherence biresonance, can appear when noises are injected into the genetic regulatory system. The ECR is increased with the increase of the control parameter value when starting from the supercritical Hopf bifurcation (...)
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  4.  27
    Ethology, Power, Possession: A System Theoretical Study of the Hungarian Transition.V. Csanyi - 1990 - World Futures 29 (1):107-122.
    (1990). Ethology, power, possession: A system theoretical study of the Hungarian transition. World Futures: Vol. 29, Transition in Eastern Europe, pp. 107-122.
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  5.  11
    Changing Patterns of Social Variation in Stature in Poland: Effects of Transition From a Command Economy to the Free-Market System?T. Bielicki, A. Szklarska, S. Koziel & S. J. Ulijaszek - 2005 - Journal of Biosocial Science 37 (4):427-434.
    The aim of this analysis was to examine the effects on stature in two nationally representative samples of Polish 19-year-old conscripts of maternal and paternal education level, and of degree of urbanization, before and after the economic transition of 1990. Data were from two national surveys of 19-year-old Polish conscripts: 27,236 in 1986 and 28,151 in 2001. In addition to taking height measurements, each subject was asked about the socioeconomic background of their families, including paternal and maternal education, and (...)
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  6.  22
    Effecting a Transition: How to Fill the Gap in Kant's System of Critical Philosophy.Bryan Hall - 2009 - Kant-Studien 100 (2):187-211.
    In a 1798 letter to Christian Garve, Kant claims that without a transition [Übergang] from the metaphysical foundations of natural science to physics there will be a ‘gap’ in the Critical philosophy. He does not make clear, however, exactly what this gap is or how the transition is supposed to fill the gap. The Übergang section of Kant's Opus postumum has received considerable attention of late due to the many drafts it contains of Kant's Ether Deduction. Commentators have (...)
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  7.  16
    The Norwegian Welfare State in Transition: Rationing and Plurality of Values as Ethical Challenges for the Health Care System.Ole Frithjof Norheim - 1995 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (6):639-655.
    This paper presents the Norwegian national health care system and the manner in which the problems of rationing and pluralism of values create new ethical and political challenges. The paper concludes with some doubts about the feasibility of the transformation taking place within this kind of health care system, with special reference to governmental control and consumer preference. Keywords: national health care, pluralism, rationing, two-tier system CiteULike Connotea Del.icio.us What's this?
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  8.  4
    Guiding Orientation Processes as Possibility to Give Direction for System Innovations—the Use of Resilience and Sustainability in the Energy Transition.Urte Brand & Arnim von Gleich - 2017 - NanoEthics 11 (1):31-45.
    Challenges like finite fossil fuels, impacts of climate change, and risks of nuclear energy require a transformation of energy systems which implies risks itself, e.g. technical or socio-economic risks or still unknown and unexpected surprises. Nevertheless, in order to follow the direction desired by the transformation, the question arises how the direction of the transformation processes of socio-technical energy systems can be influenced. Guiding orientation processes could represent such a possibility to give direction where desired directions are taken up with (...)
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  9.  15
    Universities and the Regulatory Framework: The Austrian University System in Transition.Christian Burtscher, Pier‐Paolo Pasqualoni & Alan Scott - 2006 - Social Epistemology 20 (3 & 4):241 – 258.
    This article uses recent changes within the Austrian university system to illustrate some general features and dilemmas of organizational design and reform. We focus upon two recent layers of the sediments left by previous and current system reforms: that left by the events of 1968 on continental university systems, and Austria's late conversion to the path taken by the Anglo-American university system since the late 1970s/early 1980s; namely, towards what Marginson and Considine (2000) have called the "enterprise (...)
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  10. The Russian Financial System's Unsteady Transition.F. Renversez - 2002 - Diogenes 49 (194):106-114.
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  11.  2
    Transition as a Displacement From More Fundamental System Concerns: Distinguishing Four Different Meanings of Transition in Education.Paul Downes - forthcoming - Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-12.
  12.  20
    Fuzzy Preorder, Fuzzy Topology and Fuzzy Transition System.S. P. Tiwari & Anupam K. Singh - 2013 - In Kamal Lodaya (ed.), Logic and its Applications. Springer. pp. 210--219.
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  13.  7
    Caste in Modern Ceylon: The Sinhalese System in Transition.Kingsley Davis & Bryce Ryan - 1954 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 74 (1):53.
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  14.  8
    Making the Transition to a Learning Health Care System.Christine Grady & David Wendler - 2013 - In Mildred Z. Solomon & Ann Bonham (eds.), Ethical Oversight of Learning Health Care Systems. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 32-33.
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  15.  2
    Logic and System: A Study of the Transition From "Vorstellung" to Thought in the Philosophy of Hegel. [REVIEW]J. G. R. - 1973 - Review of Metaphysics 26 (3):528-530.
  16.  1
    Making the Transition to a Learning Health Care System.Christine Grady & David Wendler - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (s1):S32-S33.
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  17. Logic and System: A Study of the Transition From "Vorstellung" to Thought in the Philosophy of Hegel.M. Clark - 1971
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  18. "The Existing Individual and the Will-to-Power." a Comparison of Kierkegaard's and Nietzsche's Answers to the Question: What is It to Make a Transition From One Value System to Another?Roger S. Gottlieb - 1975 - Dissertation, Brandeis University
     
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  19. Hegel Transition to the System, a Study on the so-Called'systemfragment Von 1800'.S. Zhang - forthcoming - Hegel-Studien.
     
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  20.  85
    On Quantum-Classical Transition of a Single Particle.Agung Budiyono - 2010 - Foundations of Physics 40 (8):1117-1133.
    We discuss the issue of quantum-classical transition in a system of a single particle with and without external potential. This is done by elaborating the notion of self-trapped wave function recently developed by the author. For a free particle, we show that there is a subset of self-trapped wave functions which is particle-like. Namely, the spatially localized wave packet is moving uniformly with undistorted shape as if the whole wave packet is indeed a classical free particle. The length (...)
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  21.  15
    Logic of Transition Systems.Johan Van Benthem & Jan Bergstra - 1994 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 3 (4):247-283.
    Labeled transition systems are key structures for modeling computation. In this paper, we show how they lend themselves to ordinary logical analysis (without any special new formalisms), by introducing their standard first-order theory. This perspective enables us to raise several basic model-theoretic questions of definability, axiomatization and preservation for various notions of process equivalence found in the computational literature, and answer them using well-known logical techniques (including the Compactness theorem, Saturation and Ehrenfeucht games). Moreover, we consider what happens to (...)
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  22.  12
    Logic of Transition Systems.Johan Benthem & Jan Bergstra - 1994 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 3 (4):247-283.
    Labeled transition systems are key structures for modeling computation. In this paper, we show how they lend themselves to ordinary logical analysis (without any special new formalisms), by introducing their standard first-order theory. This perspective enables us to raise several basic model-theoretic questions of definability, axiomatization and preservation for various notions of process equivalence found in the computational literature, and answer them using well-known logical techniques (including the Compactness theorem, Saturation and Ehrenfeucht games). Moreover, we consider what happens to (...)
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  23.  32
    Project Report: Split-Up — a Legal Expert System Which Determines Property Division Upon Divorce. [REVIEW]John Zeleznikow, Andrew Stranieri & Mark Gawler - 1995 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 3 (4):267-275.
  24.  20
    Duality for the Logic of Quantum Actions.Jort M. Bergfeld, Kohei Kishida, Joshua Sack & Shengyang Zhong - 2015 - Studia Logica 103 (4):781-805.
    In this paper we show a duality between two approaches to represent quantum structures abstractly and to model the logic and dynamics therein. One approach puts forward a “quantum dynamic frame” :2267–2282, 2005), a labelled transition system whose transition relations are intended to represent projections and unitaries on a Hilbert space. The other approach considers a “Piron lattice”, which characterizes the algebra of closed linear subspaces of a Hilbert space. We define categories of these two sorts of (...)
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  25.  38
    Transition Ethics: A Comparison of Ukrainian and United States Business Professionals.Olena Vynoslavska, Joseph A. McKinney, Carlos W. Moore & Justin G. Longenecker - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 61 (3):283-299.
    This article compares the ethical attitudes of Ukrainian business professionals with those of United States business professionals. A widely used survey instrument consisting of 16 hypothetical situations involving ethical dilemmas was employed to gather information on ethical attitudes in the two countries. On 13 of 16 vignettes, Ukrainian respondents demonstrated less stringent ethical attitudes than did their United States counterparts. Possible reasons for these differences are discussed, with primary emphasis on the transition from one economic system to another (...)
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  26.  33
    The Processes of Systemic Integration in the World System.Leonid Grinin - 2017 - Journal of Globalization Studies 8 (1):97-118.
    The paper discusses some aspects of integration of different regions and societies in the course of historical globalization. Within historical globalization one can observe a close correlation between such important processes as technological transformations, urbanization, political integration, struggle for political hegemony, etc. In the paper we analyze these correlations to associate historical globalization with phases of expansion. Within the expansion process we point out seven levels from the local level through the planetary one. The most significant changes were associated with (...)
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  27.  7
    Transition Probability (Fidelity) and Its Relatives.Armin Uhlmann - 2011 - Foundations of Physics 41 (3):288-298.
    Transition Probability (fidelity) for pairs of density operators can be defined as a “functor” in the hierarchy of “all” quantum systems and also within any quantum system. The Introduction of “amplitudes” for density operators allows for a more intuitive treatment of these quantities, also pointing to a natural parallel transport. The latter is governed by a remarkable gauge theory with strong relations to the Riemann-Bures metric.
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  28.  9
    China as a Complex Risk Society.Chang Kyung-Sup - 2017 - Temporalités. Revue de Sciences Sociales Et Humaines 26.
    This paper analyzes post-Mao China as a complex risk society in which social, economic, and ecological risk syndromes pertaining to highly diverse levels and systems of development are manifested simultaneously. Complex risk society is a theoretical extension of Ulrich Beck’s thesis on risk society, focusing on complex developmental temporalities that are pervasively symptomatic of rapidly but asymmetrically developing political economies. In my earlier study, Korea was defined as a complex risk society in which risk syndromes of developed, undeveloped, and compressively (...)
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  29.  50
    Practical Reasoning as Presumptive Argumentation Using Action-Based Alternating Transition Systems.Katie Atkinson & Trevor J. M. Bench-Capon - 2007 - Artificial Intelligence 171 (10-15):855-874.
    In this paper we describe an approach to practical reasoning, reasoning about what it is best for a particular agent to do in a given situation, based on presumptive justifications of action through the instantiation of an argument scheme, which is then subject to examination through a series of critical questions. We identify three particular aspects of practical reasoning which distinguish it from theoretical reasoning. We next provide an argument scheme and an associated set of critical questions which is able (...)
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  30.  27
    Do Patients Have Responsibilities in a Free-Market System? A Personal Perspective.Murat Civaner & Berna Arda - 2008 - Nursing Ethics 15 (2):263-273.
    The current debate that surrounds the issue of patient rights and the transformation of health care, social insurance, and reimbursement systems has put the topic of patient responsibility on both the public and health care sectors' agenda. This climate of debate and transition provides an ideal time to rethink patient responsibilities, together with their underlying rationale, and to determine if they are properly represented when being called `patient' responsibilities. In this article we analyze the various types of patient responsibilities, (...)
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  31. Social Macroevolution: Growth of the World System Integrity and a System of Phase Transitions.Andrey Korotayev & Leonid Grinin - 2009 - World Futures 65 (7):477-506.
    There are very significant conceptual links between theories of social macroevolution and theories of the World System development. It is shown that the growth of the World System complexity and integrity can be traced through a system of phase transitions of macroevolution. The first set of phase transition is connected with the agrarian, industrial, and information-scientific revolutions (that are interpreted as changes of “production principles”). The second set consists of phase transitions within one production principle. These (...)
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  32.  55
    The Transition to Experiencing: I. Limited Learning and Limited Experiencing.Simona Ginsburg & Eva Jablonka - 2007 - Biological Theory 2 (3):218-230.
    This is the first of two papers in which we propose an evolutionary route for the transition from sensory processing to unlimited experiencing, or basic consciousness. We argue that although an evolutionary analysis does not provide a formal definition and set of sufficient conditions for consciousness, it can identify crucial factors and suggest what evolutionary changes enabled the transition. We believe that the raw material from which feelings were molded by natural selection was a global sensory state that (...)
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  33. The Transition to Experiencing: II. The Evolution of Associative Learning Based on Feelings.Simona Ginsburg & Eva Jablonka - 2007 - Biological Theory 2 (3):231-243.
    We discuss the evolutionary transition from animals with limited experiencing to animals with unlimited experiencing and basic consciousness. This transition was, we suggest, intimately linked with the evolution of associative learning and with flexible reward systems based on, and modifiable by, learning. During associative learning, new pathways relating stimuli and effects are formed within a highly integrated and continuously active nervous system. We argue that the memory traces left by such new stimulus-effect relations form dynamic, flexible, and (...)
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  34. A Demonstration of the Transition From Ready-to-Hand to Unready-to-Hand.Anthony Chemero & Lin Nie - unknown
    The ideas of continental philosopher Martin Heidegger have been influential in cognitive science and artificial intelligence, despite the fact that there has been no effort to analyze these ideas empirically. The experiments reported here are designed to lend empirical support to Heidegger’s phenomenology and more specifically his description of the transition between ready-to-hand and unready-to-hand modes in interactions with tools. In experiment 1, we found that a smoothly coping cognitive system exhibits 1/fβ type positively correlated noise and that (...)
     
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  35.  2
    Autocatalytic Closure in a Cognitive System: A Tentative Scenario for the Origin of Culture.L. Gabora - unknown
    This paper presents a speculative model of the cognitive mechanisms underlying the transition from episodic to mimetic (or memetic) culture with the arrival of Homo erectus, which Donald [1991] claims paved the way for the unique features of human culture. The model draws on Kauffman's [1993] theory of how an information-evolving system emerges through the formation of an autocatalytic network. Though originally formulated to explain the origin of life, this theory also provides a plausible account of how discrete (...)
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  36.  42
    The Concept of Transition in Quantum Mechanics.James L. Park - 1970 - Foundations of Physics 1 (1):23-33.
    The concept of quantum transition is critically examined from the perspective of the modern quantum theory of measurement. Historically rooted in the famous quantum jump of the Old Quantum Theory, the transition idea survives today in experimental jargon due to (1) the notion of uncontrollable disturbance of a system by measurement operations and (2) the wave-packet reduction hypothesis in several forms. Explicit counterexamples to both (1) and (2) are presented in terms of quantum measurement theory. It is (...)
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  37.  10
    The Mis-Match of Expectations and Tools in Transition Economies.Jerry Wheat, Brenda Swartz & Jeffrey Apperson - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 47 (4):335 - 341.
    The fall of the former Soviet Union and the opening of the countries of Eastern Europe has prompted examination of why central planning failed, why capitalism with all its faults is succeeding, and what actions and institutions are necessary to move command economies toward successful, sustainable market economic systems. As they privatize State Owned Enterprises (SOE's) expectations are that the companies will function with the success experienced by western companies. Governments hope to derive tax revenue from company profits and expect (...)
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  38.  50
    Variational Scheme for the Mott Transition.D. Baeriswyl - 2000 - Foundations of Physics 30 (12):2033-2048.
    The Hubbard model is studied at half filling, using two complementary variational wave functions, the Gutzwiller ansatz for the metallic phase at small values of the interaction parameter U and its analog for the insulating phase at large values of U. The metallic phase is characterized by the Drude weight, which exhibits a jump at the critical point Uc. In the insulating phase the system behaves as a collection of dipoles which increase both in number and in size as (...)
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  39.  23
    Stochastic Electrodynamics. IV. Transitions in the Perturbed Harmonic Oscillator-Zero-Point Field System.G. H. Goedecke - 1984 - Foundations of Physics 14 (1):41-63.
    In this fourth paper in a series on stochastic electrodynamics (SED), the harmonic oscillator-zero-point field system in the presence of an arbitrary applied classical radiation field is studied further. The exact closed-form expressions are found for the time-dependent probability that the oscillator is in the nth eigenstate of the unperturbed SED Hamiltonian H 0 , the same H 0 as that of ordinary quantum mechanics. It is shown that an eigenvalue of H 0 is the average energy that the (...)
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  40.  7
    Pecca Fortiter for the Sake of Morality? Making Sense of Wrong in Hegel’s System of Right.Alexander T. Englert - 2014 - Hegel Bulletin 35 (2):204-227.
    The goal of this paper is to clarify the role wrong plays in Hegel ’s system of right, as both a form of freedom and the transition to morality. Two approaches will be examined to explore wrong in practical philosophical terms: First, one could take the transition to be descriptive in nature. The transition describes wrong as a realized fact of the human condition that one inherits from the outset. Second, one could see it as prescriptive. (...)
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  41.  9
    Justice, Impunity and the Transition to Democracy: A Challenge for Human Rights Education.Ana Cecilia Vergara & Jorge Vergara Estévez - 1994 - Journal of Moral Education 23 (3):273-284.
    Abstract This paper is a case study of the repression practised in Chile under the military dictatorship between 1973 and 1990. It outlines the psycho?dynamic mechanisms of terror and of the struggle against it. It raises critically the issue of impunity (officially declared amnesty for human rights violations) and its consequences for the sense of justice in a process of transition to democracy. The educational implications of this precarious situation are discussed. The article shows that a well?worked out (...) of terror can destroy even the most elementary forms of respect for basic human rights. A full reconstitution of the social fabric is required, which is based on the practice of respect for human rights as a foundation for a democratic polity. (shrink)
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  42.  16
    Post-Socialist Health Care: An Aimless Transition?Eugenijus Gefenas, Vesselin Borissov, Petko Salchev & Bela Blasszauer - 1994 - Health Care Analysis 2 (2):89-99.
    In this article I discuss 'the transition' of Lithuanian health care. In order to illustrate the size of the difficulties the people of Lithuania presently face, I focus in particular on the problem of resource allocation. I believe my observations (both general and particular) reflect the experiences of other post-socialist countries, especially those nations which were directly incorporated within the former USSR. Certainly, the two other Baltic states -- Latvia and Estonia -- have a great deal in common with (...)
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  43.  78
    Electromagnetic Models of the Electron and the Transition From Classical to Relativistic Mechanics.Michel Janssen & Matthew Mecklenburg - unknown
    This paper is part II of a trilogy on the transition from classical particle mechanics to relativistic continuum mechanics that one of the authors is working on. The first part, on the Trouton experiment, was published in the Stachel festschrift (Janssen 2003). This paper focuses on the Lorentz-Poincaré electron, and, in particular, on the "Poincaré pressure" or "Poincaré stresses" introduced to stabilize the electron. It covers both the original argument by Poincaré (1906) and a modern relativistic argument for adding (...)
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  44.  13
    Monadic Second-Order Logic, Graph Coverings and Unfoldings of Transition Systems.Bruno Courcelle & Igor Walukiewicz - 1998 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 92 (1):35-62.
    We prove that every monadic second-order property of the unfolding of a transition system is a monadic second-order property of the system itself. An unfolding is an instance of the general notion of graph covering. We consider two more instances of this notion. A similar result is possible for one of them but not for the other.
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  45.  19
    The Bioenergetic Coordination of a Complex Biological System is Revealed by its Adaptation to Changing Environmental Conditions.Gernot Falkner, Ferdinand Wagner & Renate Falkner - 1996 - Acta Biotheoretica 44 (3-4):283-299.
    The properties of the phosphate uptake system of the cyanobacterium Anacystis nidulans have been studied during the transition from a phosphate-deficient non-growing state to a non-deficient growing state. In the phosphate-deficient state the high affinity phosphate transport system in the cell membrane is extremely adaptive. As a result of these adaptive features the phosphate transport system cannot be described by determinate, fixed parameters, because the transport system is influenced by the measurement of the uptake process (...)
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  46.  58
    Fractal Transition Steps to Fractal Stages: The Dynamics of Evolution, II.Sara Nora Ross - 2008 - World Futures 64 (5-7):361 – 374.
    Successful applications of hierarchical complexity to the behaviors of organisms, animals and humans, and social entities evidence the scaling properties of self-similarity, thus the bounded fractal characteristics of orders of hierarchical complexity. The theory specifies an identical sequence of discrete-state transition steps required from each stage of performance to the next. It repeats at all scales. Tasks nested within the step sequence evidence self-similarity with the orders of complexity. This model introduces questions about noise categories when system tasks (...)
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  47.  1
    Saudi Arabia in Transition: Insights on Social, Political, Economic and Religious Change. Edited by Bernard Haykel, Thomas Hegghammer and Stephane Lacroix. New York, USA: Cambridge University Press, 2015, Pp. 351. ISBN: 978-0-521-18509-7. [REVIEW]Syaza Farhana Shukri - 2018 - Intellectual Discourse 26 (2):949-951.
    Saudi Arabia in Transition is a collection of works by scholars from various backgrounds who have carried out in-depth research on one of the most obscure countries in terms of its cultural identity and political system. Since the Arab Uprising which started in 2011, countries in the Middle East have had to look into the mirror and reformulate their claim to legitimacy. While Saudi Arabia did not have the same revolutionist fervour as did its neighbours to the east (...)
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  48.  27
    Remark on a Group-Theoretical Formalism for Quantum Mechanics and the Quantum-to-Classical Transition.J. K. Korbicz & M. Lewenstein - 2007 - Foundations of Physics 37 (6):879-896.
    We sketch a group-theoretical framework, based on the Heisenberg–Weyl group, encompassing both quantum and classical statistical descriptions of unconstrained, non-relativistic mechanical systems. We redefine in group-theoretical terms a kinematical arena and a space of statistical states of a system, achieving a unified quantum-classical language and an elegant version of the quantum-to-classical transition. We briefly discuss the structure of observables and dynamics within our framework.
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  49.  30
    Knowledge as Cultural and Historical System.V. S. Stepin - 2000 - The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 5:133-138.
    The various forms of human knowledge can be regarded as an integral, historically developing system. Universal cultural categories are a system-building factor. They form the core of the cultural and historical code by which a type of society is reproduced. The differences in the meaning of universals in traditional and technogenic cultures determine the difference in the organization of knowledge forms. The modern system of knowledge is developing under two general conditions: the search for a new worldview, (...)
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  50.  17
    Agriculture in the Transition From a Command to a Market Economy: The Case of Latvia.Sergio Gomez Y. Paloma & Andrea Segrè - 1993 - Agriculture and Human Values 10 (1):60-69.
    The study presented is the result of a field survey conducted in Latvia in 1991. The brief of this research was to trace the role of the ‘private’ farm sector that has begun to emerge in the wake of the transition from a central-command to a market-oriented economy. Thus a look at the legislative acts embodying the agrarian reform is ccompanied by an analysis of the recent developments in local production systems. The study of ‘production systems’, or that part (...)
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