Results for 'Bogdan Byczko'

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  1. Idea kreacjonizmu w filozofii ukraińskiej epoki baroku.Bogdan Byczko - 1999 - Humanistyka I Przyrodoznawstwo 5.
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  2. Mind and Common Sense: Philosophical Essays on Common Sense Psychology.Radu J. Bogdan (ed.) - 1991 - Cambridge University Press.
    The contributors to this volume examine recent controversies about the importance of common sense psychology for our understanding of the human mind. Common sense provides a familiar and friendly psychological scheme by which to talk about the mind. Its categories tend to portray the mind as quite different from the rest of nature, and thus irreducible to physical matters and its laws. In this volume a variety of positions on common sense psychology from critical to supportive, from exegetical to speculative, (...)
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  3. Interpreting Minds: The Evolution of a Practice.Radu J. Bogdan - 1997 - Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    Unlike most current researchers in philosophy and psychology, who view interpretation as a way to understand the minds and behavior of others, Radu J. Bogdan sets out to establish a new evolutionary and practical view of interpretation. According to Bogdan, the ability to interpret others' mental states has evolved under communal, political, and epistemic pressures to enable us to cope with the impact of other organisms on our own goals in the competition to survive. Interpretation evolved among primates (...)
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  4.  70
    A Proof-Theoretic Defence of Meaning-Invariant Logical Pluralism.Bogdan Dicher - 2016 - Mind 125 (499):727-757.
    In this paper I offer a proof-theoretic defence of meaning-invariant logical pluralism. I argue that there is a relation of co-determination between the operational and structural aspects of a logic. As a result, some features of the consequence relation are induced by the connectives. I propose that a connective is defined by those rules which are conservative and unique, while at the same time expressing only connective-induced structural information. This is the key to stabilizing the meaning of the connectives across (...)
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  5. Dwa etapy antropologicznego zwrotu w filozofii ukraińskiej.Igor W. Byczko & Witalij H. Tabaczkowskyj - 1998 - Colloquia Communia 68 (1):29-42.
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  6. Tendencje filozoficzno-humanistyczne ukraińskiego baroku.Bohdan Byczko - 2003 - Humanistyka I Przyrodoznawstwo 9.
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  7.  47
    The Original Sin of Proof-Theoretic Semantics.Bogdan Dicher & Francesco Paoli - 2020 - Synthese:1-26.
    Proof-theoretic semantics is an alternative to model-theoretic semantics. It aims at explaining the meaning of the logical constants in terms of the inference rules that govern their behaviour in proofs. We argue that this must be construed as the task of explaining these meanings relative to a logic, i.e., to a consequence relation. Alas, there is no agreed set of properties that a relation must have in order to qualify as a consequence relation. Moreover, the association of a consequence relation (...)
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  8. Belief: Form, Content, and Function.Radu J. Bogdan (ed.) - 1986 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Some of the topics presented in this volume of original essays on contemporary approaches to belief include the problem of misrepresentation and false belief, conscious versus unconscious belief, explicit versus tacit belief, and the durable versus ephemeral question of the nature of belief. The contributors, Fred Dretske, Keith Lehrer, William Lycan, Stephen Schiffer, Stephen P. Stich, and the editor, Radu Bogdan, focus on the mental realization of belief, its cognitive and behavioral aspects, and the semantic aspects of its content. (...)
     
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  9.  39
    Variations on Intra-Theoretical Logical Pluralism: Internal Versus External Consequence.Bogdan Dicher - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (3):667-686.
    Intra-theoretical logical pluralism is a form of meaning-invariant pluralism about logic, articulated recently by Hjortland :355–373, 2013). This version of pluralism relies on it being possible to define several distinct notions of provability relative to the same logical calculus. The present paper picks up and explores this theme: How can a single logical calculus express several different consequence relations? The main hypothesis articulated here is that the divide between the internal and external consequence relations in Gentzen systems generates a form (...)
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  10. Minding Minds: Evolving a Reflexive Mind by Interpreting Others.Radu J. Bogdan - 2003 - MIT Press.
    In this book, Radu Bogdan proposes that humans think reflexively because they interpret each other's minds in social contexts of cooperation, communication, ...
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  11.  10
    ST, LP and Tolerant Metainferences.Bogdan Dicher & Francesco Paoli - 2019 - In Can Başkent & Thomas Macaulay Ferguson (eds.), Graham Priest on Dialetheism and Paraconsistency. Springer Verlag. pp. 383-407.
    The strict-tolerant approach to paradox promises to erect theories of naïve truth and tolerant vagueness on the firm bedrock of classical logic. We assess the extent to which this claim is founded. Building on some results by Girard we show that the usual proof-theoretic formulation of propositional ST in terms of the classical sequent calculus without primitive Cut is incomplete with respect to ST-valid metainferences, and exhibit a complete calculus for the same class of metainferences. We also argue that the (...)
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  12.  24
    Weak Disharmony: Some Lessons for Proof-Theoretic Semantics.Bogdan Dicher - 2016 - Review of Symbolic Logic (3):1-20.
    A logical constant is weakly disharmonious if its elimination rules are weaker than its introduction rules. Substructural weak disharmony is the weak disharmony generated by structural restrictions on the eliminations. I argue that substructural weak disharmony is not a defect of the constants which exhibit it. To the extent that it is problematic, it calls into question the structural properties of the derivability relation. This prompts us to rethink the issue of controlling the structural properties of a logic by means (...)
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  13.  20
    Our Own Minds: Sociocultural Grounds for Self-Consciousness.Radu J. Bogdan - 2010 - Bradford.
    An argument that in response to sociocultural pressures, human minds develop self-consciousness by activating a complex machinery of self-regulation.
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  14. Minding Minds.RaduJ Bogdan - unknown
    The theme of this essay is rather simple, though its demonstration is not. It is that humans think reflexively or metamentally because -- and often in the forms in which -- they interpret each other. In this essay ‘metamental’ means ‘about mental’ and ‘reflexive mind’ means ‘a mind thinking about its own thoughts.’ To think reflexively or metamentally is to think about thoughts deliberately and explicitly, as in thinking that my current thoughts about metamentation are right. Thinking about thoughts requires (...)
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  15.  35
    Hopeful Monsters: A Note on Multiple Conclusions.Bogdan Dicher - 2020 - Erkenntnis 85 (1):77-98.
    Arguments, the story goes, have one or more premises and only one conclusion. A contentious generalisation allows arguments with several disjunctively connected conclusions. Contentious as this generalisation may be, I will argue nevertheless that it is justified. My main claim is that multiple conclusions are epiphenomena of the logical connectives: some connectives determine, in a certain sense, multiple-conclusion derivations. Therefore, such derivations are completely natural and can safely be used in proof-theoretic semantics.
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  16.  35
    Predicative Minds: The Social Ontogeny of Propositional Thinking.Radu J. Bogdan - 2008 - MIT Press/Bradford Books.
    An exploration of why and how the human competence for predication came to be.
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  17. The Architectural Nonchalance of Commonsense Psychology.Radu J. Bogdan - 1993 - Mind and Language 8 (2):189-205.
    Eliminativism assumes that commonsense psychology describes and explains the mind in terms of the internal design and operation of the mind. If this assumption is invalidated, so is eliminativism. The same conditional is true of intentional realism. Elsewhere (Bogdan 1991) I have argued against this 'folk- theory-theory' assumption by showing that commonsense psychology is not an empirical prototheory of the mind but a biosocially motivated practice of coding, utilizing, and sharing information from and about conspecifics. Here, without presupposing a (...)
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  18.  44
    Requiem for Logical Nihilism, Or: Logical Nihilism Annihilated.Bogdan Dicher - forthcoming - Synthese:1-24.
    Logical nihilism is the view that the relation of logical consequence is empty: there are counterexamples to any putative logical law. In this paper, I argue that the nihilist threat is illusory. The nihilistic arguments do not work. Moreover, the entire project is based on a misguided interpretation of the generality of logic.
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  19.  72
    Grounds for Cognition.Radu J. Bogdan - 1994 - Erlbaum.
    This is how guidance of behavior to goal grounds and explains cognition and the main forms in which it manages information.
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  20.  8
    Old Topics, New Formulations: Khaṇḍadeva and Navyanyāya.Bogdan Diaconescu - forthcoming - Journal of Indian Philosophy:1-31.
    This article is first in a series dedicated to issues in the intellectual history of Mīmāṃsā in early modern India and part of a larger effort to broaden the basis for understanding the new formulations of central topics of the Mīmāṃsā textual-ritual complex in this period. It examines how the Varanasi scholar Khaṇḍadevamiśra makes use of Navyanyāya tools of analysis by putting under the microscope the example of his investigation and new formulation of the signification of agent and agency by (...)
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  21.  18
    Rules and Obligations.Bogdan Ciomaga - 2013 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 40 (1):19-40.
    The existence of the obligation to follow rules in sport is widely accepted, but there are only a few studies that provide accounts that justify it. Building upon Wolff's challenge to traditional political theories, this study proposes a theory that limits the level of normativity to which participants in sport contests are bound in an effort to maximize their autonomy. Instead of constructing a unitary theory of obligations to follow sport rules, a pluralistic account is offered, one that allows for (...)
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  22. D. M. Armstrong.Radu J. Bogdan (ed.) - 1984 - Dordrecht: Reidel.
  23.  37
    On a Generality Condition in Proof‐Theoretic Semantics.Bogdan Dicher - 2017 - Theoria 83 (4):394-418.
    In the recent literature on proof-theoretic semantics, there is mention of a generality condition on defining rules. According to this condition, the schematic formulation of the defining rules must be maximally general, in the sense that no restrictions should be placed on the contexts of these rules. In particular, context variables must always be present in the schematic rules and they should range over arbitrary collections of formulae. I argue against imposing such a condition, by showing that it has undesirable (...)
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  24.  22
    Conventionalism Revisited.Bogdan Ciomaga - 2012 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 6 (4):410-422.
    Conventionalism in sport philosophy has been rejected as unable to provide a theory of normativity and as collapsing in ethical relativism, but this criticism is rather imprecise about its target, which invites doubt about the legitimacy of the concept of conventionalism described by its critics. Instead, a more charitable and legitimate account of conventionalism is proposed, one that draws inspiration from conventionalism in axiomatic geometry and is able to avoid the counterarguments directed against conventionalism. This new model allows for a (...)
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  25.  91
    Information and Semantic Cognition: An Ontological Account.Radu J. Bogdan - 1988 - Mind and Language 3 (2):81-122.
    Information is the fuel of cognition. At its most basic level, information is a matter of structures interacting under laws. The notion of information thus reflects the (relational) fact that a structure is created by the impact of another structure. The impacted structure is an encoding, in some concrete form, of the interaction with the impacting structure. Information is, essentially, the structural trace in some system of an interaction with another system; it is also, as a consequence, the structural fuel (...)
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  26.  15
    Prudent Evidence‐Fettered Shared Decision Making.Elizabeth Libby Bogdan-Lovis & Margaret Holmes-Rovner - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (2):376-381.
  27. ``Cognition and Epistemic Closure".Radu Bogdan - 1985 - American Philosophical Quarterly 22 (1):55--63.
    JUSTIFICATION and knowledge are thought to be closed under known implication..1 This widely shared assumption is embodied in the following principles of epistemic closure.
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  28.  18
    Mindvaults: Sociocultural Grounds for Pretending and Imagining.Radu J. Bogdan - 2013 - MIT Press.
    Looks at what the author calls "mindvaulting," or the human mind's ability to vault over the realm of current perception, motivation, emotion and action, to leap—consciously and deliberately—to past or future, possible or impossible, ...
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  29.  30
    Social Media Analytics: A Survey of Techniques, Tools and Platforms.Bogdan Batrinca & Philip C. Treleaven - 2015 - AI and Society 30 (1):89-116.
  30.  29
    Rethinking the Consequences of Commercializing Sport.Bogdan Ciomaga & Cody Kent - 2015 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 9 (1):18-31.
    In the sport ethics literature, the general attitude with regard to the influence of commercialization in sport is to draw attention to the ways it undermines sport and morally corrupts those involved in it. This paper attempts to provide a counternarrative to this literature, focusing on criticism of commodification of sport that revolves around the idea of fairness. A brief libertarian framework is presented and three characteristics of sport are outlined, which are shown to make sport a particularly well-suited context (...)
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  31.  65
    Why Self-Ascriptions Are Difficult and Develop Late.Radu J. Bogdan - 2005 - In B. Malle & S. Hodges. (eds.), Other Minds: How Humans Bridge the Gap Between Self and Others. Guilford Press. pp. 190--206.
    Many philosophers and a few psychologists think that we understand our own minds before we understand those of others. Most developmental psychologists think that children understand their own minds at about the same time they understand other minds, by using the same cognitive abilities. I disagree with both views. I think that children understand other minds before they understand their own. Their self-understanding depends on some cognitive abilities that develop later than, and independently of, the abilities involved in understanding other (...)
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  32. Mental Attitudes and Common Sense Psychology: The Case Against Elimination.Radu J. Bogdan - 1988 - Noûs 22 (3):369-398.
    Aside from brute force, there are several philosophically respectable ways of eliminating the mental. In recent years the most popular elimination strategy has been directed against our common sense or folk psychological understanding of the mental. The strategy goes by the name of eliminative materialism (or eliminativism, in short). The motivation behind this strategy seems to be the following. If common sense psychology can be construed as the principled theory of the mental, whose vocabulary and principles implicitly define what counts (...)
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  33.  11
    Unawareness of Self-Interest Bias in Moral Judgments of Others’ Behavior.Bogdan Wojciszke & Konrad Bocian - 2014 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 45 (4):411-417.
    Previous studies showed that self-interest biases moral perception of others’ unethical actions. Moreover, affective changes in attitudinal responses towards the perpetrator of an immoral act drives the bias. In the present studies, we attempted to answer the question whether people are aware of the self-interest bias in their judgments of others’ behavior. We conducted two experiments showing that moral judgments of verbally described and imagined actions were dominated by norms rather than self-interest and that people were not aware that self-interest (...)
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  34. The Importance of Belief.Radu J. Bogdan - 1986 - In R. Bogdan (ed.), Belief: Form, Content, and Function. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 1--16.
     
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  35.  55
    Bogdan on Information: Commentary.Fred Dretske - 1988 - Mind and Language 3 (2):141-144.
  36.  5
    Managerialism and “Infinite Human Resourcefulness”: A Commentary on the “Therapeutic Habitus”, “Derecognition of Finitude” and the Modern Sense of Self.Bogdan Costea, Norman Crump & Kostas Amiridis - 2007 - Journal for Cultural Research 11 (3):245-264.
  37.  40
    Roderick M. Chisholm.Radu J. Bogdan (ed.) - 1986 - Reidel.
    RODERICK M. CHISHOLM SELF-PROFILE A. My Philosophical Education Academic What brought me into philosophy was an excellent introductory course in the subject ...
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  38.  4
    You Are so Kind – and I Am Kind and Smart: Actor – Observer Differences in the Interpretation of On-Going Behavior.Bogdan Wojciszke, Susanne Bruckmüller & Andrea E. Abele - 2014 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 45 (4):394-401.
    : The dual perspective model of agency and communion predicts that observers tend to interpret a target’s behavior more in terms of communion than agency, whereas actors interpret their behavior more in terms of agency. The present research for the first time tests this model in real interactions. Previously unacquainted participants had a short conversation and afterwards rated their own behavior and their interaction partner’s behavior in terms of agency and communion. Supporting the dual perspective model, observers rated the actor’s (...)
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  39. Mind, Content and Information.Radu J. Bogdan - 1987 - Synthese 70 (February):205-227.
    What is it that one thinks or believes when one thinks or believes something? A mental formula? A sentence in some natural language? Its truth conditions? Or perhaps an abstract proposition? The current story of content is fairly ecumenical. It says that a number of aspects, some mental, other semantic, go into our understanding of content. Yet the current story is incomplete. It leaves out a very important aspect of content, one which I call incremental information. It is information in (...)
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  40.  15
    Medical, Social and Christian Aspects in Patients with Major Lower Limb Amputations.Bogdan Stancu, Georgel Rednic, Nicolae Ovidiu Grad, Ion Aurel Mironiuc & Claudia Diana Gherman - 2016 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 15 (43):82-101.
    Lower limb major amputations are both life-saving procedures and life-changing events. Individual responses to limb loss are varied and complex, some individuals experience functional, psychological and social dysfunction, many others adjust and function well. Some patients refuse amputation for religious and/or cultural reasons. One of the greatest difficulties for a person undergoing amputation surgery is overcoming the psychological stigma that society associates with the loss of a limb. Persons who have undergone amputations are often viewed as incomplete individuals. The medical (...)
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  41.  10
    Song Recognition Without Identification: When People Cannot "Name That Tune" but Can Recognize It as Familiar.Bogdan Kostic & Anne M. Cleary - 2009 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 138 (1):146-159.
  42. By Way of Means and Ends.Radu J. Bogdan - 1994 - In Grounds for Cognition. Lawrence Erlbaum.
    This chapter provides the teleological foundations for our analysis of guidance to goal. Its objective is to ground goal-directedness genetically. The basic suggestion is this. Organisms are small things, with few energy resources and puny physical means, battling a ruthless physical and biological nature. How do they manage to survive and multiply? CLEVERLY, BY ORGANIZING.
     
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  43.  10
    Information and Semantic Cognition: An Ontological Account.Radu J. Bogdan - 1988 - Mind and Language 3 (2):81-122.
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  44.  25
    Таджикистан На Шляху До Воєнно-Політичної Стабільності.Bogdan Levyk - 2013 - Схід 5 (125):57-61.
    The paper reviews the military policy of a new independent Republic of Tajikistan over 1991-2011. The smallest by territory Central Asian republic lived through a five-year civil war on its way to an independent sovereign democratic state which seven million people were wise enough to reach national reconciliation in 1997. The majority of Tajikistan population is on the verge of poverty, which is indicative of the inadequate social policy. The country is rich in Pamir water which is drawn from eleven (...)
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  45.  10
    Malaise in Postcommunist Romania.Bogdan-Catalin Buduru - 1995 - Business Ethics: A European Review 4 (3):157-161.
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  46.  42
    Whitehead, Russell, and Moore: Three Analytic Philosophers.Bogdan Rusu & Ronny Desmet - 2012 - Process Studies 41 (2):214-234.
    The aim of this historically oriented article is to give an account of the methodological similarity of Whitehead and Russell with regard to the logico-mathematicalmode of philosophical analysis, and of Whitehead and Moore with regard to common sense. According to the authors, these similarities, especially when taken together, justify the classification of Whitehead as an analytic philosopher. Because of the doctrinal uniqueness of Whitehead, however, they also hold that he will always remain an atypical analytic philosopher.
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  47. The Folklore of the Mind.Radu J. Bogdan - 1991 - In Radu Bogdan (ed.), Mind and Common Sense: Philosophical Essays on Common Sense Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press.
    A distinguished wise man, Emil Cioran, with whom I share a country of birth and the thought that follows, said once that the two most interesting things in life are gossip and metaphysics. I can hardly think of a more self evident and enjoyable truth, if wisely construed. This volume combines the two pleasures, for it is an exercise in the metaphysics of wise gossip, of how we make sense of each other, and how, as a result we interpret, explain, (...)
     
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  48. Does Semantics Run the Psyche?Radu J. Bogdan - 1989 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 49 (June):687-700.
    If there is a dogma in the contemporary philosophy of the cognitive mind, it must be the notion that cognition is semantic causation or, differently put, that it is semantics that runs the psyche. This is what the notion of psychosemantics and (often) intentionality are all about. Another dogma, less widespread than the first but almost equally potent, is that common sense psychology is the implicit theory of psychosemantics. The two dogmas are jointly encapsulated in the following axiom. Mental attitudes (...)
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  49.  13
    Pythagoras' Rib or, What Does Music Education Want?Deanne Bogdan - forthcoming - Philosophy of Music Education Review.
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  50.  3
    Agentic Thinking About Others Makes Them Closer.Bogdan Wojciszke & Jaroslaw Piotrowski - 2015 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 46 (4):523-534.
    A substantial amount of research showed that agency and communion are two basic dimensions of content in social cognition. Based on the well-supported idea that people typically think about themselves and close others in agentic rather than communal terms, we tested the hypothesis that agentic thinking about unknown others makes them subjectively closer. This hypothesis was confirmed in four experiments differently priming agentic versus communal thinking on others. As predicted, increases in closeness resulting from the agentic thinking about others were (...)
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